THE PILGRIMíS PROGRESS
From This World ToThat Which Is To Come
Delivered Underthe Similitude of a Dream
The Author's Apology for his Book
1- When at the first I took my pen in handThus for to writeI did not understandThat I at all should make a little bookIn such a mode; nayI had undertookTo make another; whichwhen almost doneBefore I was awareI this begun.
And thus it was: Iwriting of the wayAnd race of saintsin this our gospel dayFell suddenly into an allegoryAbout their journeyand the way to gloryIn more than twenty things which I set down.This doneI twenty more had in my crown;And they again began to multiplyLike sparks that from the coals of fire do fly.
Naythenthought Iif that you breed sofastI'll put you by yourselveslest you at lastShould prove ad infinitumand eat outThe book that I already am about.
Wellso I did; but yet I did not thinkTo shew to all the world my pen and inkIn such a mode; I only thought to makeI knew not what; nor did I undertakeThereby to please my neighbour: nonotI;I did it my own self to gratify.
2- Neither did I but vacant seasons spendIn this my scribble; nor did I intendBut to divert myself in doing thisFrom worser thoughts which make me do amiss.
ThusI set pen to paper with delightAnd quickly had my thoughts in black and white.Forhaving now my method by the endStill as I pulledit came; and so I pennedIt down: until it came at last to beFor length and breadththe bigness which yousee.
Wellwhen I had thus put mine ends togetherI shewed them othersthat I might see whetherThey would condemn themor them justify:And some saidLet them live; someLet themdie;Some saidJOHNprint it; others saidNot so;Some saidIt might do good; others saidNo.
Now was I in a straitand did not seeWhich was the best thing to be done by me:At last I thoughtSince you are thus dividedI print it willand so the case decided.
3- Forthought IsomeI seewould have itdoneThough others in that channel do not run:To provethenwho advised for the bestThus I thought fit to put it to the test.
I further thoughtif now I did denyThose that would have itthus to gratify.I did not know but hinder them I mightOf that which would to them be great delight.
For those which were not for its coming forthI said to themOffend you I am lothYetsince your brethren pleased with it beForbear to judge till you do further see.
If that thou wilt not readlet it alone;Some love the meatsome love to pick the bone.Yeathat I might them better palliateI did too with them thus expostulate:--
4- May I not write in such a style as this?In such a methodtooand yet not missMy end--thy good? Why may it not be done?Dark clouds bring waterswhen the bright bringnone.Yeadark or brightif they their silver dropsCause to descendthe earthby yielding cropsGives praise to bothand carpeth not ateitherBut treasures up the fruit they yield together;Yeaso commixes boththat in her fruitNone can distinguish this from that: theysuitHer well when hungry; butif she be fullShe spews out bothand makes their blessingsnull.
You see the ways the fisherman doth takeTo catch the fish; what engines doth he make?Behold how he engageth all his wits;Also his snareslinesangleshooksandnets;Yet fish there bethat neither hooknor lineNor snarenor netnor engine can make thine:They must be groped forand be tickled tooOr they will not be catch'dwhate'er you do.
How does the fowler seek to catch his gameBy divers means! all which one cannot name:His gunshis netshis lime-twigslightandbell:He creepshe goeshe stands; yeawho cantellOf all his postures? Yet there's none oftheseWill make him master of what fowls he please.Yeahe must pipe and whistle to catch thisYetif he does sothat bird he will miss.
If that a pearl may in a toad's head dwellAnd may be found too in an oyster-shell;If things that promise nothing do containWhat better is than gold; who will disdainThat have an inkling of itthere to lookThat they may find it? Nowmy littlebook(Though void of all these paintings that maymakeIt with this or the other man to take)Is not without those things that do excelWhat do in brave but empty notions dwell.
5- `Wellyet I am not fully satisfiedThat this your book will standwhen soundlytried.'
Whywhat's the matter? `It is dark.' What though?`But it is feigned.' What of that? I trow?Some menby feigned wordsas dark as mineMake truth to spangle and its rays to shine.
`But they want solidness.' Speakmanthy mind.`They drown the weak; metaphors make us blind.'
Solidityindeedbecomes the penOf him that writeth things divine to men;But must I needs want solidnessbecauseBy metaphors I speak? Were not God'slawsHis gospel lawsin olden times held forthBy typesshadowsand metaphors? YetlothWill any sober man be to find faultWith themlest he be found for to assaultThe highest wisdom. Nohe rather stoopsAnd seeks to find out what by pins and loopsBy calves and sheepby heifers and by ramsBy birds and herbsand by the blood of lambsGod speaketh to him; and happy is heThat finds the light and grace that in them be.
6- Be not too forwardthereforeto concludeThat I want solidness--that I am rude;All things solid in show not solid be;All things in parables despise not we;Lest things most hurtful lightly we receiveAnd things that good areof our souls bereave.
My dark and cloudy wordsthey do but holdThe truthas cabinets enclose the gold.
The prophets used much by metaphorsTo set forth truth; yeawho so considersChristhis apostles tooshall plainly seeThat truths to this day in such mantles be.
Am I afraid to saythat holy writWhich for its style and phrase puts down allwitIs everywhere so full of all these things--Dark figuresallegories? Yet therespringsFrom that same book that lustreand those raysOf lightthat turn our darkest nights to days.
7- Comelet my carper to his life now lookAnd find there darker lines than in my bookHe findeth any; yeaand let him knowThat in his best things there are worse linestoo.
May we but stand before impartial menTo his poor one I dare adventure tenThat they will take my meaning in these linesFar better than his lies in silver shrines.Cometruthalthough in swaddling cloutsIfindInforms the judgementrectifies the mind;Pleases the understandingmakes the willSubmit; the memory too it doth fillWith what doth our imaginations please;Likewise it tends our troubles to appease.
Sound wordsI knowTimothy is to useAnd old wives' fables he is to refuse;But yet grave Paul him nowhere did forbidThe use of parables; in which lay hidThat goldthose pearlsand precious stonesthat wereWorth digging forand that with greatest care.
Let me add one word more. O man of GodArt thou offended? Dost thou wish I hadPut forth my matter in another dress?Orthat I had in things been more express?Three things let me propound; then I submitTo those that are my bettersas is fit.
8- 1. I find not that I am denied the useOf this my methodso I no abusePut on the wordsthingsreaders; or be rudeIn handling figure or similitudeIn application; butall that I maySeek the advance of truth this or that wayDenieddid I say? NayI have leave(Example tooand that from them that haveGod better pleasedby their words or waysThan any man that breatheth now-a-days)Thus to express my mindthus to declareThings unto thee that excellentest are.
2. I find that men (as high as trees)will writeDialogue-wise; yet no man doth them slightFor writing so: indeedif they abuseTruthcursed be theyand the craft they useTo that intent; but yet let truth be freeTo make her sallies upon thee and meWhich way it pleases God; for who knows howBetter than he that taught us first to ploughTo guide our mind and pens for his design?And he makes base things usher in divine.
3. I find that holy writ in many placesHath semblance with this methodwhere thecasesDo call for one thingto set forth another;Use it I maythenand yet nothing smotherTruth's golden beams: nayby this methodmayMake it cast forth its rays as light as day.And now before I do put up my penI'll shew the profit of my bookand thenCommit both thee and it unto that HandThat pulls the strong downand makes weak onesstand.
This book it chalketh out before thine eyesThe man that seeks the everlasting prize;It shews you whence he comeswhither he goes;What he leaves undonealso what he does;It also shows you how he runs and runsTill he unto the gate of glory comes.
9- It showstoowho set out for life amainAs if the lasting crown they would obtain;Here also you may see the reason whyThey lose their labourand like fools do die.
This book will make a traveller of theeIf by its counsel thou wilt ruled be;It will direct thee to the Holy LandIf thou wilt its directions understand:Yeait will make the slothful active be;The blind also delightful things to see.
Art thou for something rare and profitable?Wouldest thou see a truth within a fable?Art thou forgetful? Wouldest thourememberFrom New-Year's day to the last of December?Then read my fancies; they will stick likebursAnd may beto the helplesscomforters.
This book is writ in such a dialectAs may the minds of listless men affect:It seems a noveltyand yet containsNothing but sound and honest gospel strains.Wouldst thou divert thyself from melancholy?Wouldst thou be pleasantyet be far fromfolly?Wouldst thou read riddlesand theirexplanation?Or else be drowned in thy contemplation?Dost thou love picking meat? Or wouldstthou seeA man in the cloudsand hear him speak tothee?Wouldst thou be in a dreamand yet not sleep?Or wouldst thou in a moment laugh and weep?Wouldest thou lose thyself and catch no harmAnd find thyself again without a charm?Wouldst read thyselfand read thou knowest notwhatAnd yet know whether thou art blest or not
By reading the same lines? Ohthen comehitherAnd lay my bookthy headand heart together.
THE PILGRIM'S PROGRESSIn the Similitude of a Dream
10- As I walked through the wilderness of thisworldI lighted ona certain place where was a Den <TheJail/Gaol>and I laid me downin that place to sleep: andas I sleptI dreamed a dream.I dreamedand beholdI saw a man clothed withragsstanding in a certain placewith his face fromhis own housea book in his handand a great burden upon hisback. [Isa. 64:6;Luke 14:33; Ps. 38:4; Hab. 2:2; Acts 16:3031] I lookedand saw him open the bookand read therein;andas he readhe weptand trembled; andnot being ablelonger to contain<His Outcry> he brake out with alamentable crysaying"What shall I do?" [Acts 2:37]
11- In this plightthereforehe went home andrefrained himselfas long as he couldthat his wife and childrenshould not perceivehis distress; but he could not be silent longbecause thathis trouble increased. Wherefore atlength he brake his mindto his wife and children; and thus he began totalk to them:O my dear wifesaid heand you the childrenof my bowelsIyour dear friendam in myself undone byreason of a burdenthat lieth hard upon me; moreoverI am forcertain informed thatthis our city <This world> will be burnedwith fire from heaven;in which fearful overthrowboth myselfwiththee my wifeand you my sweet babesshall miserably come toruinexcept (the which yet I see not) some way ofescape can be foundwhereby we may be delivered. <He knowsnot the way yet/He knows no wayof escape as of yet> At this hisrelations were sore amazed;not for that they believed that what he hadsaid to them was truebut because they thought that some frenzydistemper had got intohis head; thereforeit drawing towards nightand they hopingthat sleep might settle his brainswith allhaste they got him to bed.But the night was as troublesome to him as theday; whereforeinstead of sleepinghe spent it in sighs andtears. Sowhen the morning was comethey would know howhe did.He told themWorse and worse: he alsoset to talking to them again;but they began to be hardened. <Carnalphysic for a sick soul>They also thought to drive away his distemperby harsh and surlycarriages to him; sometimes they would deridesometimes theywould chideand sometimes they would quiteneglect him.Wherefore he began to retire himself to hischamberto pray forand pity themand also to condole his ownmisery; he would alsowalk solitarily in the fieldssometimesreadingand sometimes praying:and thus for some days he spent his time.
12- NowI sawupon a timewhen he was walking inthe fieldsthat he wasas he was wontreading in his bookandgreatly distressed in his mind;andas he readhe burst outas he had donebeforecrying"What shall I do to be saved?"
13- I saw also that he looked this way and thatwayas if he would run;yet he stood stillbecauseas I perceivedhecould not tellwhich way to go. I looked thenand saw aman named Evangelistcoming to him and askedWherefore dost thoucry? [Job 33:23]
14- He answeredSirI perceive by the book in myhandthat I amcondemned to dieand after that to come tojudgement [Heb. 9:27];and I find that I am not willing to do thefirst [Job 16:21]nor able to do the second. [Ezek. 22:14]
CHRISTIAN no soonerleaves the World but meets
EVANGELISTwholovingly him greets
With tidings ofanother: and doth show
Him how to mount tothat from this below.
15- Then said EvangelistWhy not willing to diesince this lifeis attended with so many evils? The manansweredBecause I fearthat this burden is upon my back will sink melower than the graveand I shall fall into Tophet. [Isa.30:33] AndSirif I be not fitto go to prisonI am not fitI am sureto goto judgementand from thence to execution; and the thoughtsof these thingsmake me cry.
16- <Conviction of the necessity of flying>Then said EvangelistIf this be thy conditionwhy standest thou still?He answeredBecause I know not whither to go. Then he gave hima parchment rolland there was written withinFlee from the wrathto come. [Matt. 3.7]
17- The man therefore read itand looking uponEvangelist very carefullysaidWhither must I fly? Then saidEvangelistpointing withhis finger over a very wide fieldDo you seeyonder wicket-gate?[Matt. 7:1314] <Christand the wayto Him cannot be foundwithout the Word> The man saidNo. Then said the otherDo you see yonder shining light? [Ps.119:105; 2 Pet. 1:19] He saidI think I do. Then said EvangelistKeepthat light in your eyeand go up directly thereto: so shalt thousee the gate; at whichwhen thou knockestit shall be told thee whatthou shalt do.
18- So I saw in my dream that the man began to run.
Nowhe had not run far from his own doorbuthis wife and childrenperceiving itbegan to cry after him toreturn; but the manput his fingers in his earsand ran oncryingLife! life!eternal life! [Luke 14:26] So he lookednot behind himbut fled towards the middle of the plain. [Gen. 19:17]
19- They that fly from the wrath to comeare agazing-stock of the world
The neighbours also came out to see him run[Jer. 20:10]; andas he ransome mockedothers threatenedandsome cried after himto return; andamong those that did sotherewere two that resolvedto fetch him back by force.
Obstinateand Pliable follow him
The name of the one was Obstinate and the nameof the other Pliable.Nowby this timethe man was got a gooddistance from them; buthoweverthey were resolved to pursue himwhich they didand in a little time they overtook him. Then said the manNeighbourswherefore are ye come? They saidTopersuade you to go back with us.But he saidThat can by no means be; youdwellsaid hein the City of Destructionthe place alsowhere I was born:I see it to be so; anddying theresooner orlateryou will sink lower than the graveinto aplace that burnswith fire and brimstone: be contentgoodneighboursand go along with me.
20- OBST. What! said Obstinateand leave ourfriends and our comfortsbehind us?
CHR. Yessaid Christianfor that washis namebecause that ALLwhich you shall forsake is not worthy to becompared with a littleof that which I am seeking to enjoy [2 Cor.4:18]; andif you will go along with meand hold ityoushall fare as I myself;for therewhere I gois enough and to spare. [Luke 15:17]Come awayand prove my words.
21- OBST. What are the things you seeksinceyou leave all the worldto find them?
CHR. I seek an inheritance incorruptibleundefiledand thatfadeth not away [1 Pet. 1:4]and it is laid upin heavenand safe there [Heb. 11:16]to be bestowedatthe time appointedon them that diligently seek it. Read itsoif you willin my book.
OBST. Tush! said Obstinateaway withyour book; will yougo back with us or no?
CHR. Nonot Isaid the otherbecause Ihave laid my handto the plough. [Luke 9:62]
22- OBST. Comethenneighbour Pliableletus turn againand go homewithout him; there is a company of thesecrazy-headed coxcombsthatwhen they take a fancy by the endare wiser intheir own eyesthan seven men that can render a reason. [Prov. 26:16]
PLI. Then said PliableDon't revile; ifwhat the good Christian saysis truethe things he looks after are betterthan ours:my heart inclines to go with my neighbour.
OBST. What! more fools still! Be ruled bymeand go back;who knows whither such a brain-sick fellow willlead you? Go backgo backand be wise.
23- Christian and Obstinate pull for Pliable'ssoul
CHR. Naybut do thou come with thyneighbourPliable;there are such things to be had which I spokeofand manymore glorious besides. If you believe notmeread here in this book;and for the truth of what is expressed thereinbeholdall is confirmedby the blood of Him that made it. [Heb.9:17-22; 13:20]
PLI. Wellneighbour ObstinatesaidPliable
Pliable contented to gowith Christian
I begin to come to a point;I intend to go alongwith this good manand to cast in my lot withhim: butmy good companiondo you know the way to thisdesired place?
24- CHR. I am directed by a manwhose nameis Evangelistto speed me to a little gate that is before uswhere we shall receiveinstructions about the way.
PLI. Comethengood neighbourlet usbe going. Then they wentboth together.
OBST. And I will go back to my placesaid Obstinate;
Obstinate goes railing back
I will beno companion of such misledfantastical fellows.
25- NowI saw in my dreamthat when Obstinate wasgone backChristian and Pliable went talking over theplain; and thus they begantheir discourse.
Talk betweenChristian and Pliable
26- CHR. Comeneighbour Pliablehow do youdo? I am glad you arepersuaded to go along with me. Had evenObstinate himself but feltwhat I have felt of the powers and terrors ofwhat is yet unseenhe would not thus lightly have given us theback.
PLI. Comeneighbour Christiansincethere are none but us two heretell me now further what the things areandhow to be enjoyedwhither we are going.
27- CHR. I can better conceive of them withmy mindthan speak of themwith my tongue
God's things unspeakable
: but yetsince you aredesirous to knowI will read of them in mybook.
PLI. And do you think that the words ofyour book are certainly true?
CHR. Yesverily; for it was made by Himthat cannot lie. [Titus 1:2]
PLI. Well said; what things are they?
CHR. There is an endless kingdom to beinhabitedand everlasting lifeto be given usthat we may inhabit thatkingdom for ever. [Isa. 45:17;John 10:2829]
PLI. Well said; and what else?
CHR. There are crowns and glory to begiven usand garmentsthat will make us shine like the sun in thefirmament of heaven.[2 Tim. 4:8; Rev. 3:4; Matt. 13:43]
PLI. This is very pleasant; and whatelse?
CHR. There shall be no more cryingnorSorrow: for He that isowner of the place will wipe all tears from oureyes. [Isa. 25.6-8;Rev. 7:1721:4]
28- PLI. And what company shall we havethere?
CHR. There we shall be with seraphims andcherubimscreatures that will dazzle your eyes to look onthem. [Isa. 6:2]There also you shall meet with thousands andten thousandsthat have gone before us to that place; none ofthem are hurtfulbut loving and holy; every one walking in thesight of Godand standing in his presence with acceptancefor ever.[1 Thess. 4:1617; Rev. 5:11] In a wordthere we shall see the elderswith their golden crowns [Rev. 4:4]there weshall see the holy virginswith their golden harps [Rev. 14:1-5]there weshall see menthat by the world were cut in piecesburnt inflameseaten of beastsdrowned in the seasfor the love that theybare to the Lordof the placeall welland clothed withimmortality as with a garment.[John 12:25; 2 Cor. 5:4]
PLI. The hearing of this is enough toravish one's heart.But are these things to be enjoyed? Howshall we get to besharers thereof?
CHR. The Lordthe Governor of thecountryhath recorded thatin this book; the substance of which isIf webe truly willingto have ithe will bestow it upon us freely.
PLI. Wellmy good companionglad am Ito hear of these things:come onlet us mend our pace.
CHR. I cannot go so fast as I wouldbyreason of this burdenthat is on my back.
29- The Slough of Despond
Now I saw in my dreamthat just as they hadended this talkthey drew near to a very miry sloughthat wasin the midstof the plain; and theybeing heedlessdidboth fall suddenlyinto the bog. The name of the slough wasDespond. Herethereforethey wallowed for a timebeing grievouslybedaubed with the dirt;and Christianbecause of the burden that wason his backbegan to sink in the mire.
30- PLI. Then said Pliable; Ah! neighbourChristianwhere are you now?
CHR. Trulysaid ChristianI do notknow.
PLI. At this Pliable began to beoffendedand angrily saidto his fellowIs this the happiness you havetold me all this while of?If we have such ill speed at our first settingoutwhat may we expectbetwixt this and our journey's end? May Iget out again with my lifeyou shall possess the brave country alone forme.
It is not enoughto be pliable
Andwith thathe gavea desperate struggle or twoand got out of the mire on that side of theslough which was next tohis own house: so away he wentandChristian saw him no more.
31- Wherefore Christian was left to tumble in theSlough of Despond alone:but still he endeavoured to struggle to thatside of the sloughthat was still further from his own houseandnext to the wicket-gate;
Christian in trouble seeks still to getfurther from his own house
the which he didbut could not get outbecause of the burdenthat was upon his back: but I beheld inmy dreamthat a mancame to himwhose name was Helpand askedhimWhat he did there?
CHR. Sirsaid ChristianI was bid gothis way by a mancalled Evangelistwho directed me also toyonder gatethat I might escape the wrath to come; and as Iwas going thitherI fell in here.
32- The Promises
HELP. But why did not you look for thesteps?
CHR. Fear followed me so hardthat Ifled the next wayand fell in.
Help lifts him up
HELP. Then said heGive me thy hand: so he gave him his handand he drew him outand set him upon soundgroundand bid himgo on his way. [Ps. 40:2]
33- Then I stepped to him that plucked him outandsaidSirwhereforesince over this place is the way from the Cityof Destructionto yonder gateis it that this plat is notmendedthat poor travellersmight go thither with more security? Andhe said unto me
What makes the Slough of Despond
Thismiry slough is such a placeas cannot be mended; it is the descent whitherthe scum and filththat attends conviction for sin dothcontinually runand thereforeit is called the Slough of Despond; for stillas the sinner is awakenedabout his lost conditionthere ariseth in hissoul many fearsand doubtsand discouraging apprehensionswhich all of themget togetherand settle in this place. And this is the reasonof the badness of this ground.
34- It is not the pleasure of the King that thisplace should remain so bad.[Isa. 35:34] His labourers also havebythe direction ofHis Majesty's surveyorsbeen for above thesesixteen hundred yearsemployed about this patch of groundif perhapsit mighthave been mended: yeaand to myknowledgesaid hehere have been swallowed up at least twentythousand cart-loadsyeamillions of wholesome instructionsthathave at all seasonsbeen brought from all places of the King'sdominionsand they thatcan tellsay they are the best materials tomake good groundof the place; if so beit might have beenmendedbut it isthe Slough of Despond stilland so will bewhen they have donewhat they can.
35- The promises of forgiveness and acceptanceto life by faith in Christ
Truethere areby the direction of theLaw-givercertain good andsubstantial stepsplaced even through the verymidst of this slough;but at such time as this place doth much spewout its filthas it doth against change of weatherthesesteps are hardly seen;orif they bementhrough the dizziness oftheir headsstep besideand then they are bemired to purposenotwithstanding the stepsbe there; but the ground is good when they areonce got in at the gate.[1 Sam. 12:23]
36- Pliable got homeand is visited of hisneighbours
NowI saw in my dreamthat by this timePliable was got hometo his house againso that his neighbours cameto visit him;
His entertainment by them at his return
and some of them called himwise man for coming backand some called himfool for hazarding himselfwith Christian: others again did mock athis cowardliness; sayingSurelysince you began to ventureI would nothave been so baseto have given out for a few difficulties. So Pliable sat sneakingamong them. But at last he got moreconfidenceand then they allturned their talesand began to deride poorChristian behind his back.And thus much concerning Pliable.
37- Mr. Worldly Wiseman meets with Christian
Nowas Christian was walking solitarily byhimselfhe espied one afar offcome crossing over thefield to meet him;and their hap was to meet just as they werecrossing the way ofeach other. The gentleman's name that methim was Mr. Worldly Wisemanhe dwelt in the town of Carnal Policya verygreat townand also hard by from whence Christian came. This manthenmeeting with Christianand having some inklingof him--for Christian's setting forth from the City ofDestruction wasmuch noised abroadnot only in the town wherehe dweltbut also it began to be the town talk in someother places--Mr. Worldly Wisemanthereforehaving someguess of himby beholding his laborious goingby observinghis sighs and groansand the likebegan thus to enter into sometalk with Christian.
38- Talk betwixt Mr. Worldly Wiseman andChristian
WORLD. How nowgood fellowwhither awayafter this burdened manner?
CHR. A burdened mannerindeedas everI thinkpoor creature had!And whereas you ask meWhither away? Itell youSirI am going to yonder wicket-gate before me; forthereas I am informedI shall be put into a way to be rid of my heavyburden.
WORLD. Hast thou a wife and children?
CHR. Yes; but I am so laden with thisburden that I cannot takethat pleasure in them as formerly; methinks Iam as if I had none.[1 Cor 7:29]
WORLD. Wilt thou hearken unto me if Igive thee counsel?
CHR. If it be goodI will; for I standin need of good counsel.
39- Mr. Worldly Wiseman's counsel to Christian
WORLD. I would advise theethenthatthou with all speedget thyself rid of thy burden; for thou wiltnever be settledin thy mind till then; nor canst thou enjoy thebenefitsof the blessing which God hath bestowed uponthee till then.
CHR. That is that which I seek forevento be rid ofthis heavy burden; but get it off myselfIcannot; nor is thereany man in our country that can take it off myshoulders;therefore am I going this wayas I told youthat I may be rid ofmy burden.
WORLD. Who bid thee go this way to be ridof thy burden?
CHR. A man that appeared to me to be avery great andhonourable person; his nameas I rememberisEvangelist.
40- Mr. Worldly Wiseman condemned Evangelist'scounsel
WORLD. I beshrew him for his counsel!there is not a more dangerousand troublesome way in the world than is thatunto which he hathdirected thee; and that thou shalt findifthou wilt be ruledby his counsel. Thou hast met withsomethingas I perceivealready;for I see the dirt of the Slough of Despond isupon thee;but that slough is the beginning of the sorrowsthat do attend thosethat go on in that way. Hear meI amolder than thou;thou art like to meet within the way whichthou goestwearisomenesspainfulnesshungerperilsnakednessswordlionsdragonsdarknessandin a worddeathandwhat not! These thingsare certainly truehaving been confirmed bymany testimonies.And why should a man so carelessly cast awayhimselfby giving heedto a stranger?
The frame of the heart of a youngChristian
CHR. WhySirthis burden upon my backis more terrible to methan all these things which you have mentioned;naymethinks I care notwhat I meet with in the wayif so be I canalso meet with deliverancefrom my burden.
41- Worldly Wiseman does not like that menshould be seriousin reading the Bible
WORLD. How camest thou by the burden atfirst?
CHR. By reading this book in my hand.
WORLD. I thought so; and it is happenedunto thee as to other weak menwhomeddling with things too high for themdosuddenly fallinto thy distractions; which distractions donot only unman menas thineI perceivehave done theebut theyrun them upondesperate ventures to obtain they know notwhat.
CHR. I know what I would obtain; it isease for my heavy burden.
42- Whether Mr. Worldly Wiseman prefersmorality before the strait gate
WORLD. But why wilt thou seek for easethis wayseeing so many dangersattend it? especially sincehadst thou butpatience to hear meI could direct thee to the obtaining of whatthou desirestwithout the dangers that thou in this way wiltrun thyself into; yeaand the remedy is at hand. BesidesIwill addthat instead ofthose dangersthou shalt meet with muchsafetyfriendshipand content.
CHR. PraySiropen this secret to me.
43- WORLD. Whyin yonder village--thevillage is named Morality--there dwells a gentleman whose name isLegalitya very judicious manand a man of very good namethat has skill tohelp men offwith such burdens as thine are from theirshoulders: yeato my knowledgehe hath done a great deal ofgood this way;ayand besideshe hath skill to cure thosethat are somewhat crazedin their wits with their burdens. To himas I saidthou mayest goand be helped presently. His house is notquite a mile from this placeand if he should not be at home himselfhehath a pretty young manto his sonwhose name is Civilitythat can doit (to speak on)as well as the old gentleman himself; thereIsaythou mayest beeased of thy burden; and if thou art not mindedto go back tothy former habitationasindeedI would notwish theethou mayest send for thy wife and children tothee to this villagewhere there are houses now stand emptyone ofwhich thou mayest haveat reasonable rates; provision is there alsocheap and good;and that which will make thy life the morehappy isto be surethere thou shalt live by honest neighboursincredit and good fashion.
44- Christian snared by Worldly Wiseman'swords
Now was Christian somewhat at a stand; butpresently he concludedif this be truewhich this gentleman hathsaidmy wisest courseis to take his advice; and with that he thusfurther spoke.
45- CHR. Sirwhich is my way to this honestman's house?
WORLD. Do you see yonder hill?
CHR. Yesvery well.
WORLD. By that hill you must goand thefirst house you come atis his.
46- Christian afraid that Mount Sinai wouldfall on his head
So Christian turned out of his way to go to Mr.Legality's housefor help; butbeholdwhen he was got now hardby the hillit seemed so highand also that side of itthat was next the waysidedid hang so much overthat Christian wasafraid to venture furtherlest the hill should fall on his head;wherefore there he stood stilland wotted not what to do. Also hisburden now seemed heavier to himthan while he was in his way. There camealso flashes of fireout of the hillthat made Christian afraidthat he should be burned.[Ex. 19:1618] Herethereforehe sweatand did quake for fear.[Heb. 12:21]
When Christians untocarnal men give ear
Out of their way theygoand pay for 't dear;
For Master WorldlyWiseman can but shew
A saint the way tobondage and to woe.
47- Evangelist findeth Christian under MountSinaiand looketh severelyupon him
And now he began to be sorry that he had takenMr. Worldly Wiseman'scounsel. And with that he saw Evangelistcoming to meet him;at the sight also of whom he began to blush forshame. So Evangelistdrew nearer and nearer; and coming up to himhe looked upon himwith a severe and dreadful countenanceandthus began to reasonwith Christian.
48- Evangelist reasons afresh with Christian
EVAN. What dost thou hereChristian?said he: at which wordsChristian knew not what to answer; wherefore atpresent he stoodspeechless before him. Then saidEvangelist furtherArt not thou the man that I found cryingwithout the wallsof the City of Destruction?
CHR. Yesdear SirI am the man.
EVAN. Did not I direct thee the way tothe little wicket-gate?
CHR. Yesdear Sirsaid Christian.
EVAN. How is itthenthat thou art soquickly turned aside?for thou art now out of the way.
49- CHR. I met with a gentleman so soon as Ihad got overthe Slough of Despondwho persuaded me that Imightin the village before mefind a man that wouldtake off my burden.
EVAN. What was he?
CHR. He looked like a gentlemanandtalked much to meand got me at last to yield; so I came hither;but when I beheldthis hilland how it hangs over the wayIsuddenly made a standlest it should fall on my head.
EVAN. What said that gentleman to you?
CHR. Whyhe asked me whither I wasgoingand I told him.
EVAN. And what said he then?
CHR. He asked me if I had a family? And I told him. Butsaid II am so loaden with the burden that is on mybackthat I cannottake pleasure in them as formerly.
EVAN. And what said he then?
50- CHR. He bid me with speed get rid of myburden; and I told himthat it was ease that I sought. And saidII am therefore goingto yonder gateto receive further directionhow I may get to the placeof deliverance. So he said that he wouldshew me a better wayand shortnot so attended with difficulties asthe waySirthat youset me in; which waysaid hewill direct youto a gentleman's housethat hath skill to take off these burdensso Ibelieved himand turned out of that way into thisif haplyI might be soon easedof my burden. But when I came to thisplaceand beheld thingsas they areI stopped for fear (as I said) ofdanger:but I now know not what to do.
51- Evangelist convinces Christian of hiserror
EVAN. Thensaid Evangeliststand stilla littlethat I may show theethe words of God. So he stood trembling. Then said Evangelist"See that ye refuse not him thatspeaketh. For if they escaped notwho refused him that spake on earthmuch moreshall not we escapeif we turn away from him that speaketh fromheaven." [Heb. 12:25]He saidmoreover"Now the just shalllive by faith: but if any mandraw backmy soul shall have no pleasure inhim." [Heb. 10:38]He also did thus apply them: Thou art theman that art running intothis misery; thou hast begun to reject thecounsel of the Most Highand to draw back thy foot from the way ofpeaceeven almostto the hazarding of thy perdition.
52- Then Christian fell down at his feet as deadcrying"Woe is mefor I am undone!" At the sight ofwhich Evangelist caught himby the right handsaying"All manner ofsin and blasphemiesshall be forgiven unto men." [Matt. 12:31Mark 3:28]"Be not faithlessbut believing." [John 20:27] Then did Christianagain a little reviveand stood up tremblingas at firstbefore Evangelist.
53- Mr. Worldly Wiseman described byEvangelist
Then Evangelist proceededsayingGive moreearnest heedto the things that I shall tell thee of. I will now show theewho it was that deluded theeand who it wasalso to whom he sent thee.--The man that met thee is one Worldly Wisemanand rightly is heso called; partlybecause he savoureth onlythe doctrine of this world[1 John 4:5] (therefore he always goes to thetown of Moralityto church): and partly because he loveththat doctrine bestfor it saveth him best from the cross. [Gal 6:12] And becausehe is of this carnal tempertherefore heseeketh to pervert my waysthough right. Now there are three thingsin this man's counselthat thou must utterly abhor.
Evangelist discovers the deceit of Mr.Worldly Wiseman
1. His turning thee out of the way.2. His labouring to render the crossodious to thee. And3. His setting thy feet in that way thatleadeth unto
theadministration of death.
54- FirstThou must abhor his turning thee out ofthe way;and thine own consenting thereunto: because this is to rejectthe counsel of God for the sake of the counselof a Worldly Wiseman.The Lord says"Strive to enter in at thestrait gate" [Luke 13:24]the gate to which I sent thee; for "straitis the gate that leadethunto lifeand few there be that find it."[Matt. 7:14]From this little wicket-gateand from the waytheretohath this wicked man turned theeto thebringing of theealmost to destruction; hatethereforehisturning thee out of the wayand abhor thyself for hearkening to him.
55- SecondlyThou must abhor his labouring torender the crossodious unto thee; for thou art to prefer it"before the treasuresin Egypt." [Heb. 11:2526] Besides the King of glory hath told theethat he that "will save his life shalllose it." [Mark 8:35;John 12:25; Matt. 10:39] And"Hethat cometh after meand hateth not his fatherand motherandwifeand childrenand brethrenand sistersyeaand his ownlife alsohe cannot be my disciple." [Luke14:26] I saythereforefor man to labour to persuade theethat thatshall be thy deathwithout whichTHE TRUTH hath saidthou canstnot have eternal life;this doctrine thou must abhor.
56- ThirdlyThou must hate his setting of thy feetin the way that leadethto the ministration of death. And forthis thou must consider to whomhe sent theeand also how unable that personwas to deliver theefrom thy burden.
57- The bond-woman
He to whom thou wast sent for easebeing byname Legalityis the son of the bond-woman which now isandis in bondagewith her children [Gal 4:21-27]; and isin amysterythis Mount Sinaiwhich thou hast feared will fall on thy head. Nowif shewith her childrenare in bondagehow canstthou expect by themto be made free? This Legalitythereforeis not able to set thee freefrom thy burden. No man was as yet everrid of his burden by him; nonor ever is like to be: ye cannot bejustified by the works of the law;for by the deeds of the law no man living canbe rid of his burden:thereforeMr. Worldly Wiseman is an alienandMr. Legality is a cheat;and for his son Civilitynotwithstanding hissimpering lookshe is but a hypocrite and cannot help thee. Believe methere is nothing in all this noisethat thouhast heard of thesesottish menbut a design to beguile thee ofthy salvationby turning thee from the way in which I had setthee. After thisEvangelist called aloud to the heavens forconfirmation of whathe had said: and with that there camewords and fireout of the mountain under which poor Christianstoodthat madethe hair of his flesh stand up. The wordswere thus pronounced:`As many as are of the works of the law areunder the curse;for it is writtenCursed is every one thatcontinueth not in all thingswhich are written in the book of the law to dothem.' [Gal. 3:10]
58- Now Christian looked for nothing but deathandbeganto cry out lamentably; even cursing the time inwhich he metwith Mr. Worldly Wiseman; still calling himselfa thousand foolsfor hearkening to his counsel; he also wasgreatly ashamed to thinkthat this gentleman's argumentsflowing onlyfrom the fleshshould have the prevalency with him as to causehim to forsakethe right way. This donehe appliedhimself again to Evangelistin words and sense as follow:
59- Christian inquires if he may yet be happy
CHR. Sirwhat think you? Is therehope? May I now go backand go up to the wicket-gate? Shall I notbe abandoned for thisand sent back from thence ashamed? I amsorry I have hearkened tothis man's counsel. But may my sin beforgiven?
Evangelist comforts him
EVAN. Then said Evangelist to himThysin is very greatfor by it thou hast committed two evils: thou hast forsaken the waythat is goodto tread in forbidden paths; yetwill the man at the gatereceive theefor he has goodwill for men;onlysaid hetake heed that thou turn not aside again`lestthou perish fromthe waywhen his wrath is kindled but alittle.' [Ps. 2:12]Then did Christian address himself to go back;and Evangelistafter he had kissed himgave him one smileand bid him God-speed.So he went on with hasteneither spake he toany man by the way;norif any asked himwould he vouchsafe theman answer.He went like one that was all the whiletreading on forbidden groundand could by no means think himself safetillagain he was gotinto the way which he leftto follow Mr.Worldly Wiseman's counsel.Soin process of timeChristian got up to thegate.Nowover the gate there was written`Knockand it shall be openedunto you.' [Matt 7:8]
"He that willenter in must first without
Stand knocking at theGatenor need he doubt
That is A KNOCKER butto enter in;
For God can love himand forgive his sin."
He knockedthereforemore than once or twicesaying--
"May I now enterhere? Will he within
Open to sorry methough I have been
An undeserving rebel? Then shall I
Not fail to sing hislasting praise on high."
At last there came a grave person to the gatenamed Good-willwho asked who was there? and whence he came?and what he would have?
61- CHR. Here is a poor burdened sinner. I come fromthe City of Destructionbut am going to MountZionthat I may be delivered from the wrath tocome. I would thereforeSirsince I am informed that by this gate isthe way thitherknow if you are willing to let me in?
The gate will be opened to broken-heartedsinners
GOOD-WILL. I am willing with all myheartsaid he; and with thathe opened the gate.
62- So when Christian was stepping inthe othergave him a pull.Then said ChristianWhat means that? Theother told him.A little distance from this gatethere iserected a strong castleof which Beelzebub is the captain;
Satanenvies those that enterthe strait gate
from thenceboth he andthem that are with himshoot arrows at those that come up to thisgateif haply they may diebefore they can enter in.
Christian entered the gate with joy andtrembling
Then said ChristianI rejoice and tremble. So when he was got inthe man of the gate asked him who directed himthither?
63- Talk between Good-will and Christian
CHR. Evangelist bid me come hitherandknock(as I did);and he said that youSirwould tell me what Imust do.
GOOD-WILL. An open door is set beforetheeand no man can shut it.
CHR. Now I begin to reap the benefits ofmy hazards.
GOOD-WILL. But how is it that you camealone?
CHR. Because none of my neighbours sawtheir dangeras I saw mine.
GOOD-WILL. Did any of them know of yourcoming?
CHR. Yes; my wife and children saw me atthe firstand called after meto turn again; alsosome of my neighboursstood cryingand calling after me to return; but I put myfingers in my earsand so came on my way.
GOOD-WILL. But did none of them followyouto persuade you to go back?
CHR. Yesboth Obstinate and Pliable; butwhen they sawthat they could not prevailObstinate wentrailing backbut Pliable came with me a little way.
GOOD-WILL. But why did he not comethrough?
64- A man may have company when he sets out forheavenand yet go thither alone
CHR. Weindeedcame both togetheruntil we cameat the Slough of Despondinto the which wealso suddenly fell.And then was my neighbourPliablediscouragedand would notventure further. Whereforegetting outagain on that sidenext to his own househe told me I shouldpossess the brave countryalone for him; so he went his wayand I camemine--he after Obstinateand I to this gate.
GOOD-WILL. Then said Good-willAlaspoor man! is the celestial gloryof so small esteem with himthat he countethit not worthrunning the hazards of a few difficulties toobtain it?
65- Christian accuses himself before the man atthe gate
CHR. Trulysaid ChristianI have saidthe truth of Pliableand if I should also say all the truth ofmyselfit will appearthere is no betterment betwixt him and myself. It is truehe went back to his own housebut I alsoturned aside to goin the way of deathbeing persuaded thereto bythe carnal argumentsof one Mr. Worldly Wiseman.
GOOD-WILL. Ohdid he light upon you? What! he would have had youa sought for ease at the hands of Mr.Legality. They areboth of thema very cheat. But did you take hiscounsel?
CHR. Yesas far as I durst; I went tofind out Mr. Legalityuntil I thought that the mountain that standsby his housewould have fallen upon my head; wherefore thereI was forced to stop.
GOOD-WILL. That mountain has been thedeath of manyand will be the death of many more; it is wellyou escaped beingby it dashed in pieces.
CHR. WhytrulyI do not know what hadbecome of me therehad not Evangelist happily met me againas Iwas musing in the midstof my dumps; but it was God's mercy that hecame to me againfor elseI had never come hither. But now I amcomesuch a one as I ammore fitindeedfor deathby that mountainthan thus to standtalking with my lord; butohwhat a favour isthis to methat yet I am admitted entrance here!
66 - Christian comforted again
GOOD-WILL. We make no objections againstanynotwithstanding allthat they have done before they came hither. They are in no wisecast out [John vi.37]; and thereforegoodChristiancome a little waywith meand I will teach thee about the waythou must go.
Christian directed yet on his way
Look before thee;dost thou see this narrow way? THAT isthe way thou must go;it was cast up by the patriarchsprophetsChristand his apostles;and it is as straight as a rule can make it. This is the waythou must go.
67- Christian afraid of losing his way
CHR. Butsaid Christianare there noturnings or windings by whicha stranger may lose his way?
GOOD-WILL. Yesthere are many ways buttdown upon thisand they are crooked and wide. But thusthou mayest distinguishthe right from the wrongthe right only beingstraight and narrow.[Matt 7:14]
68- Christian weary of his burden
Then I saw in my dream that Christian asked himfurtherif he could not help him off with his burdenthat was upon his back;for as yet he had not got rid thereofnorcould he by any meansget it off without help.
There is no deliverance from guilt andburden of sinbut by the death and blood of Christ
He told himAs to thy burdenbe content tobear ituntil thou comestto the place of deliverance; for there it willfall from thy backof itself.
69- Then Christian began to gird up his loinsandto address himselfto his journey. So the other told himThat by that he was gonesome distance from the gatehe would come atthe houseof the Interpreterat whose door he shouldknockand he would show himexcellent things. Then Christian took hisleave of his friendand he again bid him God-speed.
70- Christian comes to the house of theinterpreter
Then he went on till he came to the house ofthe Interpreterwhere he knocked over and over; at last onecame to the doorand asked who was there.
71- CHR. Sirhere is a travellerwho wasbid by an acquaintanceof the good-man of this house to call here formy profit;I would therefore speak with the master of thehouse.So he called for the master of the housewhoafter a little timecame to Christianand asked him what he wouldhave.
He is entertained
CHR. Sirsaid ChristianI am a man thatam come fromthe City of Destructionand am going to theMount Zion;and I was told by the man that stands at thegateat the headof this waythat if I called hereyou wouldshow me excellent thingssuch as would be a help to me in my journey.
INTER. Then said the InterpreterComein; I will show thatwhich will be profitable to thee. So hecommanded his manto light the candleand bid Christian followhim: so he had himinto a private room
Christian sees a gravepicture
and bid his manopen a door; the which when he had doneChristian saw the pictureof a very grave person hang up against thewall; and this wasthe fashion of it.
The fashion of thepicture
It had eyeslifted up to heaventhe best of books in hishandthe law of truthwas written upon his lipsthe world was behindhis back.It stood as if it pleaded with menand a crownof gold did hangover his head.
CHR. Then said ChristianWhat meaneththis?
73- The meaning of the picture
INTER. The man whose picture this isisone of a thousand;he can beget children [1 Cor. 4:15]travail inbirth with children[Gal. 4:19]and nurse them himself when theyare born.And whereas thou seest him with his eyes liftup to heaventhe best of books in his handand the law oftruth writ on his lipsit is to show thee that his work is to know andunfold dark thingsto sinners; even as also thou seest him standas if he pleaded with men:and whereas thou seest the world as cast behindhimand that a crownhangs over his headthat is to show thee thatslighting and despisingthe things that are presentfor the love thathe hathto his Master's servicehe is sure in theworld that comes nextto have glory for his reward.
Why heshowed him the picture first
Nowsaid the InterpreterI have showed theethis picture firstbecause the man whose picture this isis theonly man whomthe Lord of the place whither thou art goinghath authorised to bethy guide in all difficult places thou mayestmeet with in the way;whereforetake good heed to what I have shewedtheeand bear wellin thy mind what thou hast seenlest in thyjourney thou meet withsome that pretend to lead thee rightbut theirway goes down to death.
74- Then he took him by the handand led him intoa very large parlourthat was full of dustbecause never swept; thewhich after he hadreviewed a little whilethe Interpreter calledfor a man to sweep.Nowwhen he began to sweepthe dust began soabundantly to fly aboutthat Christian had almost therewith beenchoked. Then saidthe Interpreter to a damsel that stood byBring hither the waterand sprinkle the room; the whichwhen she haddoneit was swept and cleansed with pleasure.
75- CHR. Then said ChristianWhat meansthis?
INTER. The Interpreter answeredThisparlour is the heart of a manthat was never sanctified by the sweet grace ofthe gospel;the dust is his original sin and inwardcorruptionsthat have defiledthe whole man. He that began to sweep atfirstis the Law;but she that brought waterand did sprinkleitis the Gospel.Nowwhereas thou sawestthat so soon as thefirst began to sweepthe dust did so fly about that the room by himcould not be cleansedbut that thou wast almost choked therewith;this is to shew theethat the lawinstead of cleansing the heart(by its working) from sindoth reviveput strength intoand increase itin the souleven as it doth discover and forbid itfor itdoth not give powerto subdue. [Rom. 7:6; 1 Cor. 15:56; Rom.5:20]
76- Againas thou sawest the damsel sprinkle theroom with waterupon which it was cleansed with pleasure; thisis to show theethat when the gospel comes in the sweet andprecious influences thereofto the heartthenI sayeven as thou sawestthe damsel lay the dustby sprinkling the floor with waterso is sinvanquished and subduedand the soul made clean through the faith ofitand consequently fitfor the King of glory to inhabit. [John15:3; Eph. 5:26; Acts 15:9;Rom. 16:2526; John 15:13]
77- I sawmoreoverin my dreamthat theInterpreter took him by the handand had him into a little roomwhere sat twolittle childreneach one in his chair.
He showed himpassion and patience
The name of the eldest was Passionand thename of the other Patience.Passion seemed to be much discontented; butPatience was very quiet.Then Christian askedWhat is the reason of thediscontent of Passion?
Passion will have all now. Patienceis for waiting
The Interpreter answeredThe Governor of themwould have him stayfor his best things till the beginning of thenext year;but he will have all now: but Patience iswilling to wait.
Passion has his desire
Then I saw that one came to Passionandbrought him a bag of treasureand poured it down at his feetthe which hetook upand rejoiced thereinand withal laughedPatience to scorn.
And quickly lavishes all away
ButI beheld but a whileand he had lavished all awayand had nothingleft him but rags.
78- CHR. Then said Christian to theInterpreterExpound this mattermore fully to me.
The matter expounded
INTER. So he saidThese two lads arefigures: Passionof the menof this world; and Patienceof the men of thatwhich is to come;for as here thou seestPassion will have allnow this yearthat is to sayin this world; so are the menof this worldthey must have all their good things nowtheycannot staytill next yearthat is until the next worldfor their portion of good.
The worldly man for a bird in the hand
That proverb`A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush'is of more authoritywith them than are all the Divine testimoniesof the good of the worldto come. But as thou sawest that he hadquickly lavished all awayand had presently left him nothing but rags; sowill it be with allsuch men at the end of this world.
Patience has the best wisdom
CHR. Then said ChristianNow I see thatPatience has the best wisdomand that upon many accounts. Firstbecause he staysfor the best things. Secondand alsobecause he will havethe glory of hiswhen the other has nothingbut rags.
79- Things that are first must give place; butthings that are lastare lasting
INTER. Nayyou may add anotherto witthe glory of the next worldwill never wear out; but these are suddenlygone. Therefore Passionhad not so much reason to laugh at Patiencebecause he hadhis good things firstas Patience will have tolaugh at Passionbecause he had his best things last; for firstmust give place to lastbecause last must have his time to come; butlast gives placeto nothing; for there is not another tosucceed. Hethereforethat hath his portion firstmust needs have atime to spend it;but he that hath his portion lastmust have itlastingly;
Dives had his good things first
therefore it is said of Dives"Thou in thy life-time receivedst thy goodthingsand likewiseLazarus evil things; but now he is comfortedand thou art tormented."[Luke 16:25]
CHR. Then I perceive it is not best tocovet things that are nowbut to wait for things to come.
The first things are but temporal
INTER. You say the truth: "Forthe things which are seen are temporal;but the things which are not seen areeternal." [2 Cor. 4:18]But though this be soyet since things presentand our fleshly appetiteare such near neighbours one to another; andagainbecause things to comeand carnal sensearesuch strangersone to another; therefore it isthat the firstof these so suddenlyfall into amityand that distance is socontinued between the second.
80- Then I saw in my dream that the Interpretertook Christian by the handand led him into a place where was a fireburning against a walland one standing by italways casting muchwater upon itto quench it;yet did the fire burn higher and hotter.
Then said ChristianWhat means this?
81- The Interpreter answeredThis fire is the workof grace that iswrought in the heart; he that casts water uponitto extinguishand put it outis the Devil; but in that thouseest the firenotwithstanding burn higher and hotterthoushalt also seethe reason of that. So he had him aboutto the backside of the wallwhere he saw a man with a vessel of oil in hishandof the whichhe did also continually castbut secretlyinto the fire.
Then said ChristianWhat means this?
82- The Interpreter answeredThis is Christwhocontinuallywith the oil of his gracemaintains the workalready begunin the heart: by the means of whichnotwithstanding what the devilcan dothe souls of his people prove graciousstill. [2 Cor. 12:9]And in that thou sawest that the man stoodbehind the wall to maintainthe firethat is to teach thee that it is hardfor the temptedto see how this work of grace is maintained inthe soul.
I saw alsothat the Interpreter took him againby the handand led him into a pleasant placewhere wasbuilded a stately palacebeautiful to behold; at the sight of whichChristianwas greatly delighted. He saw alsouponthe top thereofcertain persons walkingwho were clothed allin gold.
Then said ChristianMay we go in thither?
83- The valiant man
Then the Interpreter took himand led him uptowards the doorof the palace; and beholdat the door stood agreat company of menas desirous to go in; but durst not. There also sat a manat a little distance from the doorat atable-sidewith a bookand his inkhorn before himto take the name ofhim that shouldenter therein; he saw alsothat in the doorwaystood many men in armourto keep itbeing resolved to do the men thatwould enterwhat hurt and mischief they could. Nowwas Christian somewhat in amaze.At lastwhen every man started back for fearof the armed menChristian saw a man of a very stout countenancecome up to the manthat sat there to writesayingSet down mynameSir: the whichwhen he had donehe saw the man draw hisswordand put a helmetupon his headand rush toward the door uponthe armed menwho laidupon him with deadly force; but the mannot atall discouragedfell to cutting and hacking most fiercely. So after he had receivedand given many wounds to those that attemptedto keep him outhe cut his way through them all [Acts 14:.22]and pressed forwardinto the palaceat which there was a pleasantvoice heard from thosethat were withineven of those that walkedupon the top of the palacesaying--
Eternal glory thoushalt win."
So he went inand was clothed with suchgarments as they.Then Christian smiled and said; I think verilyI know the meaningof this.
84- Despair like an iron cage
Nowsaid Christianlet me go hence. Naystaysaid the Interpretertill I have shewed thee a little moreandafter that thou shalt goon thy way. So he took him by the handagainand led him intoa very dark roomwhere there sat a man in aniron cage.
Now the manto look onseemed very sad; hesat with his eyeslooking down to the groundhis hands foldedtogetherand he sighed as if he would break his heart. Then said ChristianWhat means this? At which the Interpreterbid him talk with the man.
Then said Christian to the manWhat art thou? The man answeredI am what I was not once.
85- CHR. What wast thou once?
MAN. The man saidI was once a fair andflourishing professorboth in mine own eyesand also in the eyes ofothers; I once wasas I thoughtfair for the Celestial Cityandhad then even joyat the thoughts that I should get thither. [Luke 8:13]
CHR. Wellbut what art thou now?
MAN. I am now a man of despairand amshut up in itas in this iron cage. I cannot get out. Ohnow I cannot!
CHR. But how camest thou in thiscondition?
MAN. I left off to watch and be sober. I laid the reinsupon the neck of my lusts; I sinned against thelight of the Wordand the goodness of God; I have grieved theSpiritand he is gone;I tempted the deviland he is come to me; Ihave provoked God to angerand he has left me: I have so hardened myheartthat I cannot repent.
86- Then said Christian to the InterpreterBut isthere no hope for sucha man as this? Ask himsaid theInterpreter. Naysaid ChristianpraySirdo you.
INTER. Then said the InterpreterIsthere no hopebut you must bekept in the iron cage of despair?
MAN. Nonone at all.
INTER. Whythe Son of the Blessed isvery pitiful.
MAN. I have crucified him to myselfafresh [Heb. 6:6];I have despised his person [Luke 19:14]; I havedespisedhis righteousness; I have "counted hisblood an unholy thing";I have "done despite to the Spirit ofgrace". [Heb. 10:28-29]Therefore I have shut myself out of all thepromisesand there now remains to me nothing butthreateningsdreadful threateningsfearful threateningsofcertain judgementand fiery indignationwhich shall devour me asan adversary.
87- INTER. For what did you bring yourselfinto this condition?
MAN. For the lustspleasuresandprofits of this world;in the enjoyment of which I did then promisemyself much delight;but now every one of those things also bite meand gnaw melike a burning worm.
INTER. But canst thou not now repent andturn?
88- MAN. God hath denied me repentance. His Word gives me no encouragementto believe; yeahimself hath shut me up inthis iron cage;nor can all the men in the world let me out. O eternityeternity!how shall I grapple with the misery that I mustmeet with in eternity!
INTER. Then said the Interpreter toChristianLet this man's miserybe remembered by theeand be an everlastingcaution to thee.
CHR. Wellsaid Christianthis isfearful! God help me to watch andbe soberand to pray that I may shun the causeof this man's misery!Siris it not time for me to go on my way now?
INTER. Tarry till I shall show thee onething moreand then thou shaltgo on thy way.
89- So he took Christian by the hand againand ledhim into a chamberwhere there was one rising out of bed; and ashe put on his raimenthe shook and trembled. Then saidChristianWhy doth this manthus tremble? The Interpreter then bidhim tell to Christianthe reason of his so doing. So he beganand saidThis nightas I was in my sleepI dreamedand behold theheavens grewexceeding black; also it thundered andlightened in most fearful wisethat it put me into an agony; so I looked up inmy dreamand saw the clouds rack at an unusual rateupon which I hearda great sound of a trumpetand saw also a mansit upon a cloudattended with the thousands of heaven; theywere all in flaming fire:also the heavens were in a burning flame. I heard then a voice saying"Ariseye deadand come to judgement";and with that the rocks rentthe graves openedand the dead that weretherein came forth.Some of them were exceeding gladand lookedupward; and some soughtto hide themselves under the mountains. [1 Cor. 15:52; 1 Thes. 4:16;Jude 14; John 5:2829; 2 Thes. 1:78; Rev.20:11-14; Isa. 26:21;Micah 7:1617; Ps. 95:1-3; Dan. 7:10] Then I saw the manthat sat upon the cloud open the bookand bidthe world draw near.Yet there wasby reason of a fierce flamewhich issued outand came from before hima convenient distancebetwixt him and themas betwixt the judge and the prisoners at thebar. [Mal. 3:23;Dan. 7:910] I heard it also proclaimedto them that attended onthe man that sat on the cloudGather togetherthe taresthe chaffand stubbleand cast them into the burninglake. [Matt. 3:12; 13:30;Mal. 4:1] And with thatthe bottomlesspit openedjust whereaboutI stood; out of the mouth of which there camein an abundant mannersmoke and coals of firewith hideous noises. It was also saidto the same persons"Gather my wheat intothe garner." [Luke 3:17]And with that I saw many catched up and carriedaway into the cloudsbut I was left behind. [1 Thes. 4:1617] I also sought to hide myselfbut I could notfor the man that sat upon thecloud still kept his eyeupon me; my sins also came into my mind; and myconscience did accuse meon every side. [Rom. 3:1415] Uponthis I awaked from my sleep.
90- CHR. But what is it that made you soafraid of this sight?
MAN. WhyI thought that the day ofjudgement was comeand that I was not ready for it: but thisfrighted me mostthat the angels gathered up severaland leftme behind;also the pit of hell opened her mouth justwhere I stood.My consciencetooafflicted me; andas Ithoughtthe Judgehad always his eye upon meshewing indignationin his countenance.
91- Then said the Interpreter to ChristianHastthou consideredall these things?
CHR. Yesand they put me in hope andfear.
INTER. Wellkeep all things so in thymind that they may be as a goadin thy sidesto prick thee forward in the waythou must go.Then Christian began to gird up his loinsandto address himselfto his journey. Then said theInterpreterThe Comforter be alwayswith theegood Christianto guide thee in theway that leadsto the City. So Christian went on hiswaysaying--
"Here I have seenthings rare and profitable;
Things pleasantdreadfulthings to make me stable
In what I have begunto take in hand;
Then let me think onthemand understand
Wherefore they showedme wereand let me be
ThankfulO goodInterpreterto thee."
92- Now I saw in my dreamthat the highway upwhich Christian was to gowas fenced on either side with a walland thatwallwas called Salvation. [Isa. 26:1] Up this waythereforedid burdened Christian runbut not withoutgreat difficultybecause of the load on his back.
93- He ran thus till he came at a place somewhatascendingand upon that place stood a crossand a littlebelowin the bottoma sepulchre. So I saw in my dreamthatjust as Christian came upwith the crosshis burden loosed from off hisshouldersand fell from off his backand began totumbleand so continued to dotill it came to the mouth of the sepulchrewhere it fell inand I saw it no more.
94- When God Releases us of our guilt andburden we are as thosethat leap for joy
Then was Christian glad and lightsomeandsaidwith a merry heart"He hath given me rest by his sorrowandlife by his death."Then he stood still awhile to look and wonder;for it wasvery surprising to himthat the sight of thecross should thusease him of his burden. He lookedthereforeand looked againeven till the springs that were in his headsent the waters downhis cheeks. [Zech. 12:10] Nowashe stood looking and weepingbehold three Shining Ones came to him andsaluted him with"Peace be unto thee". So thefirst said to him"Thy sins beforgiven thee" [Mark 2:5]; the secondstripped him of his ragsand clothed him with change of raiment [Zech.3:4]; the third alsoset a mark on his foreheadand gave him a rollwith a seal upon itwhich he bade him look on as he ranand thathe should give it inat the Celestial Gate. [Eph. 1:13] So they went their way.
"Who's this? thePilgrim. How! 'tis very true
Old things are pastawayall's become new.
Strange! he's anothermanupon my word
They be fine feathersthat make a fine bird.
A Christian can sing though alonewhen Goddoth give himthe joy of his heart
Then Christian gave three leaps for joyandwent on singing--
"Thus far I didcome laden with my sin;
Nor could aught easethe grief that I was in
Till I came hither: What a place is this!
Must here be thebeginning of my bliss?
Must here the burdenfall from off my back?
Must here the stringsthat bound it to me crack?
Blest cross! blestsepulchre! blest rather be
The Man that there wasput to shame for me!"
95- SimpleSlothand Presumption
I saw then in my dreamthat he went on thuseven untilhe came at a bottomwhere he sawa little outof the waythree men fast asleepwith fetters upon theirheels. The name ofthe one was Simpleanother Slothand thethird Presumption.
96- Christian then seeing them lie in this casewent to themif peradventure he might awake themand criedYou are like themthat sleep on the top of a mastfor the DeadSea is under you--a gulf that hath no bottom. [Prov.23:34] Awakethereforeand come away; be willing alsoand I will helpyou off with your irons.He also told themIf he that "goeth aboutlike a roaring lion"comes byyou will certainly become a prey tohis teeth. [1 Pet. 5:8]
There is no persuasion will doif Godopeneth not the eyes
With that they looked upon himand began toreply in this sort:Simple said"I see no danger"; Slothsaid"Yet a little more sleep";and Presumption said"Every fat muststand upon its own bottom;what is the answer else that I should givethee?" And so they lay downto sleep againand Christian went on his way.
97- Yet was he troubled to think that men in thatdanger should solittle esteem the kindness of him that sofreely offered to help themboth by awakening of themcounselling of themand profferingto help them off with their irons. And ashe was troubled thereabouthe espied two men come tumbling over the wallon the left handof the narrow way; and they made up apace tohim. The name of the onewas Formalistand the name of the otherHypocrisy. Soas I saidthey drew up unto himwho thus entered withthem into discourse.
98- Christian talked with them
CHR. Gentlemenwhence came youandwhither go you?
FORM. and HYP. We were born in the landof Vain-gloryand are going for praise to Mount Zion.
CHR. Why came you not in at the gatewhich standeth atthe beginning of the way? Know you notthat it is writtenthat he that cometh not in by the door"butclimbeth up some other waythe same is a thief and a robber?" [John 10:1]
FORM. and HYP. They saidThat to go tothe gate for entrance wasby all their countrymencounted too far about;and thatthereforetheir usual way was to make a short cut of itand to climb overthe wallas they had done.
CHR. But will it not be counted atrespass against the Lord of the citywhither we are boundthus to violate hisrevealed will?
99- They that come into the waybut not by thedoorthink that they can say something invindication of their own practice
FORM. and HYP. They told himthatasfor thathe needed notto trouble his head thereabout; for what theydid they had custom for;and could produceif need weretestimony thatwould witness itfor more than a thousand years.
CHR. Butsaid Christianwill yourpractice stand a trial at law?
FORM. and HYP. They told himThatcustomit being ofso long a standing as above a thousand yearswoulddoubtlessnow be admitted as a thing legal by anyimpartial judge; and besidessaid theyif we get into the waywhat'smatter which way we get in?if we are inwe are in; thou art but in thewaywhoas we perceivecame in at the gate; and we are also in thewaythat came tumblingover the wall; whereinnowis thy conditionbetter than ours?
CHR. I walk by the rule of my Master; youwalk by the rude workingof your fancies. You are counted thievesalreadyby the Lordof the way; thereforeI doubt you will not befound true men atthe end of the way. You come in byyourselveswithout his direction;and shall go out by yourselveswithout hismercy.
100- To this they made him but little answer; onlythey bid himlook to himself. Then I saw that theywent on every man in his waywithout much conference one with anothersavethat these two mentold Christianthat as to laws and ordinancesthey doubted notbut they should as conscientiously do them ashe; thereforesaid theywe see not wherein thou differest from us butby the coat that is onthy backwhich wasas we trowgiven thee bysome of thy neighboursto hide the shame of thy nakedness.
101- Christian has got his Lord's coat on hisbackand iscomforted therewith; he is comfortedalsowith his mark and his roll
CHR. By laws and ordinances you will notbe savedsince youcame not in by the door. [Gal. 2:16] And as for this coat that is onmy backit was given me by the Lord of theplace whither I go;and thatas you sayto cover my nakednesswith. And I take it asa token of his kindness to me; for I hadnothing but rags before.And besidesthus I comfort myself as I go: Surelythink Iwhen I come to the gate of the citythe Lordthereof will know mefor good since I have this coat on my back--acoat that he gave mefreely in the day that he stripped me of myrags. I havemoreovera mark in my foreheadof whichperhapsyouhave taken no noticewhich one of my Lord's most intimate associatesfixed there in the daythat my burden fell off my shoulders. Iwill tell youmoreoverthat I had then given me a rollsealedtocomfort me by readingas I go on the way; I was also bid to give itin at the Celestial Gatein token of my certain going in after it; allwhich thingsI doubtyou wantand want them because you came not inat the gate.
102- Christian has talk with himself
To these things they gave him no answer; onlythey looked uponeach otherand laughed. ThenI saw thatthey went on allsave that Christian kept beforewho had nomore talk but with himselfand that sometimes sighinglyand sometimescomfortably;also he would be often reading in the roll thatone of the Shining Onesgave himby which he was refreshed.
103- He comes to the Hill Difficulty
I beheldthenthat they all went on till theycame to the footof the Hill Difficulty; at the bottom of whichwas a spring.There were also in the same place two otherways besides thatwhich came straight from the gate; one turnedto the left handand the other to the rightat the bottom ofthe hill;but the narrow way lay right up the hillandthe name of the going upthe side of the hill is called Difficulty. Christian now wentto the springand drank thereofto refreshhimself [Isa. 49:10]and then began to go up the hillsaying--
"The hillthoughhighI covet to ascend
The difficulty willnot me offend;
For I perceive the wayto life lies here.
Comepluck up heartlet's neither faint nor fear;
Betterthoughdifficultthe right way to go
Than wrongthougheasywhere the end is woe."
104- The danger of turning out of the way
The other two also came to the foot of thehill; but when they sawthat the hill was steep and highand thatthere were two other waysto goand supposing also that these two waysmight meet againwith that up which Christian wenton the otherside of the hilltherefore they were resolved to go in thoseways. Now the name of oneof these ways was Dangerand the name of theother Destruction.So the one took the way which is called Dangerwhich led him intoa great woodand the other took directly upthe way to Destructionwhich led him into a wide fieldfull of darkmountainswhere he stumbled and felland rose no more.
"Shall they whowrong begin yet rightly end?
Shall they at all havesafety for their friend?
Nono; in headstrongmanner they set out
And headlong will theyfall at last no doubt."
105- A ward of grace
I lookedthenafter Christianto see him goup the hillwhere I perceived he fell from running togoingand from goingto clambering upon his hands and his kneesbecause of the steepnessof the place. Nowabout the midway tothe top of the hillwas a pleasant arbourmade by the Lord of thehill for the refreshingof weary travellers; thitherthereforeChristian gotwhere alsohe sat down to rest him. Then he pulledhis roll out of his bosomand read therein to his comfort; he also nowbegan afresh to takea review of the coat or garment that was givenhim as he stoodby the cross. Thus pleasing himselfawhilehe at last fellinto a slumberand thence into a fast sleepwhich detained himin that place until it was almost night; and inhis sleephis roll fell out of his hand.
Hethat sleeps is a loser
Nowas he was sleepingthere came one to himand awaked himsayingGo to the antthou sluggard; consider her waysand be wise.[Prov. 6:6] And with that Christianstarted upand sped him onhis wayand went apacetill he came to thetop of the hill.
106- Christian meets with Mistrust and Timorous
Nowwhen he was got up to the top of the hillthere came two menrunning to meet him amain; the name of the onewas Timorousand of the otherMistrust; to whom ChristiansaidSirswhat's the matter? You run the wrongway. Timorous answeredthat they were going to the City of Zionandhad got upthat difficult place; butsaid hethe furtherwe gothe more dangerwe meet with; wherefore we turnedand aregoing back again.
Yessaid Mistrustfor just before us lie acouple of lions in the waywhether sleeping or waking we know notand wecould not thinkif we came within reachbut they wouldpresently pull us in pieces.
107- Christian shakes off fear
CHR. Then said ChristianYou make meafraidbut whither shall I flyto be safe? If I go back to mine owncountrythat is preparedfor fire and brimstoneand I shall certainlyperish there.If I can get to the Celestial CityI am sureto be in safety there.I must venture. To go back is nothing butdeath; to go forwardis fear of deathand life-everlasting beyondit. I will yetgo forward. So Mistrust and Timorous randown the hilland Christian went on his way.
Christianmissed his rollwherein he used to take comfort
Butthinking again of whathe had heard from the menhe felt in his bosomfor his rollthat he might read thereinand be comforted;but he feltand found it not. Then was Christian ingreat distressand knew not what to do; for he wanted thatwhich used to relieve himand that which should have been his pass intothe Celestial City.
He is perplexed for his roll
Herethereforehe begun to bemuch perplexedand knew not what to do. At last he bethought himselfthat he had slept in the arbour that is on theside of the hill;andfalling down upon his kneeshe askedGod's forgiveness for thathis foolish actand then went back to look forhis roll.But all the way he went backwho cansufficiently set forth the sorrowof Christian's heart? Sometimes hesighedsometimes he weptand oftentimes he chid himself for being sofoolish to fall asleepin that placewhich was erected only for alittle refreshmentfor his weariness. Thusthereforehewent backcarefully lookingon this side and on thatall the way as hewentif happily he mightfind his rollthat had been his comfort somany times in his journey.He went thustill he came again within sightof the arbourwhere he sat and slept; but that sight renewedhis sorrow the moreby bringing againeven afreshhis evil ofsleeping into his mind.[Rev. 2:5; 1 Thes. 5:78]
Christianbewails his foolish sleeping
Thusthereforehe now went on bewailing hissinful sleepsayingO wretched man that I am that I should sleep inthe day-time!that I should sleep in the midst of difficulty!that I shouldso indulge the fleshas to use that rest forease to my fleshwhich the Lord of the hill hath erected onlyfor the reliefof the spirits of pilgrims!
108- How many steps have I took in vain! Thus ithappened to Israelfor their sin; they were sent back again by theway of the Red Sea;and I am made to tread those steps with sorrowwhich I might have trodwith delighthad it not been for this sinfulsleep. How far might Ihave been on my way by this time! I ammade to tread those stepsthrice overwhich I needed not to have trodbut once; yeanow also I am like to be benightedfor the dayis almost spent.Othat I had not slept!
109- Christian findeth his roll where he lostit
Nowby this time he was come to the arbouragainwhere for a whilehe sat down and wept; but at lastas Christianwould have itlooking sorrowfully down under the settlethere he espied his roll;the which hewith trembling and hastecatchedupand put it intohis bosom. But who can tell how joyfulthis man was when he had gottenhis roll again! for this roll was the assuranceof his lifeand acceptance at the desired haven. Therefore he laid it upin his bosomgave thanks to God for directinghis eye to the placewhere it layand with joy and tears betookhimself againto his journey. But ohhow nimbly nowdid he go up the restof the hill! Yetbefore he got upthesun went down upon Christian;and this made him again recall the vanity ofhis sleepingto his remembrance; and thus he again began tocondole with himself:O thou sinful sleep; howfor thy sakeam Ilike to be benightedin my journey! I must walk without thesun; darkness must coverthe path of my feet; and I must hear the noiseof the doleful creaturesbecause of my sinful sleep. [1 Thes.5:67] Now also he rememberedthe story that Mistrust and Timorous told himof; how they were frightedwith the sight of the lions. Then saidChristian to himself againThese beasts range in the night for their prey;and if they shouldmeet with me in the darkhow should I shiftthem? How should I escapebeing by them torn in pieces? Thus hewent on his way.But while he was thus bewailing his unhappymiscarriagehe lift up his eyesand behold there was avery stately palacebefore himthe name of which was Beautiful;and it stood just bythe highway side.
110- So I saw in my dream that he made haste andwent forwardthat if possible he might get lodging there. Nowbefore he hadgone farhe entered into a very narrowpassagewhich was abouta furlong off the porter's lodge; and lookingvery narrowly before himas he wenthe espied two lions in the way. Nowthought heI see the dangers that Mistrust and Timorouswere driven back by.(The lions were chainedbut he saw not thechains.)Then he was afraidand thought also himself togo back after themfor he thought nothing but death was beforehim. But the porterat the lodgewhose name is Watchfulperceiving that Christianmade a halt as if he would go backcried untohimsayingIs thy strength so small? [Mark 8:34-37] Fear not the lionsfor they are chainedand are placed there fortrial of faithwhere it isand for discovery of those thathad none.Keep in the midst of the pathno hurt shallcome unto thee.
"Difficulty isbehindFear is before
Though he's got on thehillthe lions roar;
A Christian man isnever long at ease
When one fright'sgoneanother doth him seize."
111- Then I saw that he went ontrembling for fearof the lionsbut taking good heed to the directions of theporter;he heard them roarbut they did him no harm. Then he clappedhis handsand went on till he came and stoodbefore the gatewhere the porter was. Then said Christianto the porterSirwhat house is this? And may I lodgehere to-night?The porter answeredThis house was built bythe Lord of the hilland he built it for the relief and security ofpilgrims.The porter also asked whence he wasandwhither he was going.
112- CHR. I am come from the City ofDestructionand am goingto Mount Zion; but because the sun is now setI desireif I mayto lodge here to-night.
POR. What is your name?
CHR. My name is now Christianbut myname at the first was Graceless;I came of the race of Japhethwhom God willpersuade to dwellin the tents of Shem. [Gen. 9:27]
POR. But how doth it happen that you comeso late? The sun is set.
113- CHR. I had been here soonerbut that"wretched man that I am!"I slept in the arbour that stands on thehillside; nayI hadnotwithstanding thatbeen here much soonerbut thatin my sleep.I lost my evidenceand came without it to thebrow of the hilland then feeling for itand finding it notIwas forcedwith sorrow of heartto go back to the placewhere I slept my sleepwhere I found itand now I am come.
POR. WellI will call out one of thevirgins of this placewho willif she likes your talkbring you into the restof the familyaccording to the rules of the house. SoWatchfulthe porterrang a bellat the sound of which came out atthe door of the housea grave and beautiful damselnamed Discretionand asked whyshe was called.
114- The porter answeredThis man is in a journeyfromthe City of Destruction to Mount Zionbutbeing weary and benightedhe asked me if he might lodge here to-night; soI told him I would callfor theewhoafter discourse had with himmayest do as seemeththee goodeven according to the law of thehouse.
115- Then she asked him whence he wasand whitherhe was goingand he told her. She asked him also howhe got into the way;and he told her. Then she asked him whathe had seen and met within the way; and he toldher. And lastshe asked his name; so he saidIt is Christianand I have so much the more adesire to lodgehere to-nightbecauseby what I perceivethis place was builtby the Lord of the hill for the relief andsecurity of pilgrims.So she smiledbut the water stood in her eyes;and aftera little pauseshe saidI will call forth twoor three moreof the family. So she ran to the doorand called out PrudencePietyand Charitywhoafter a little morediscourse with himhad him into the family; and many of themmeeting him at the thresholdof the housesaidCome inthou blessed ofthe Lord;this house was built by the Lord of the hillon purpose to entertainsuch pilgrims in. Then he bowed his headand followed theminto the house. So when he was come inand sat downthey gave himsomething to drinkand consented togetherthat until supper was readysome of them should have some particulardiscourse with Christianfor the best improvement of time; and theyappointed Pietyand Prudenceand Charity to discourse withhim; and thus they began:
116- Piety discourses him
PIETY. Comegood Christiansince wehave been so loving to youto receive you in our house this nightlet usif perhaps we maybetter ourselves therebytalk with you of allthingsthat have happened to you in your pilgrimage.
CHR. With a very good willand I am gladthat you areso well disposed.
117- PIETY. What moved you at first to betakeyourself to a pilgrim's life?
How Christian was driven out of his owncountry
CHR. I was driven out of my nativecountry by a dreadful soundthat was in mine ears: to witthatunavoidable destructiondid attend meif I abode in that place where Iwas.
PIETY. But how did it happen that youcame out of your countrythis way?
How he got into the way to Zion
CHR. It was as God would have it; forwhen I was under the fearsof destructionI did not know whither to go;but by chancethere came a maneven to meas I wastrembling and weepingwhose name is Evangelistand he directed me tothe wicket-gatewhich else I should never have foundand soset me into the waythat hath led me directly to this house.
118- PIETY. But did you not come by the houseof the Interpreter?
A rehearsal of what he saw in the way
CHR. Yesand did see such things therethe remembrance of whichwill stick by me as long as I live; especiallythree things: to withow Christin despite of Satanmaintains hiswork of gracein the heart; how the man had sinned himselfquite out of hopesof God's mercy; and also the dream of him thatthought in his sleepthe day of judgement was come.
PIETY. Whydid you hear him tell hisdream?
CHR. Yesand a dreadful one it was. I thought it made my heart acheas he was telling of it; but yet I am glad Iheard it.
119- PIETY. Was that all that you saw at thehouse of the Interpreter?
CHR. No; he took me and had me where heshewed me a stately palaceand how the people were clad in gold that werein it; and howthere came a venturous man and cut his waythrough the armed menthat stood in the door to keep him outand howhe was bid to come inand win eternal glory. Methought thosethings did ravish my heart!I would have stayed at that good man's house atwelvemonthbut that I knew I had further to go.
120- PIETY. And what saw you else in the way?
CHR. Saw! whyI went but a littlefurtherand I saw oneas I thought in my mindhang bleeding upon thetree;and the very sight of him made my burden falloff my back(for I groaned under a very heavy burden) butthen it fell downfrom off me. It was a strange thing tomefor I never sawsuch a thing before; yeaand while I stoodlooking upfor then I could not forbear lookingthreeShining Ones came to me.One of them testified that my sins wereforgiven me; another stripped meof my ragsand gave me this broidered coatwhich you see;and the third set the mark which you see in myforeheadand gave methis sealed roll. (And with that heplucked it out of his bosom.)
121- PIETY. But you saw more than thisdidyou not?
CHR. The things that I have told you werethe best;yet some other matters I sawasnamely--I sawthree menSimpleSlothand Presumptionlie asleep alittle out of the wayas I camewith irons upon their heels; but doyou thinkI could awake them? I also saw Formalityand Hypocrisy cometumbling over the wallto goas theypretendedto Zionbut they were quickly losteven as I myselfdid tell them;but they would not believe. But aboveallI found it hard workto get up this hilland as hard to come by thelions' mouthsand truly if it had not been for the good manthe porter that standsat the gateI do not know but that after all Imight havegone back again; but now I thank God I am hereand I thank youfor receiving of me.
122- Then Prudence thought good to ask him a fewquestionsand desired his answer to them.
Prudence discourses him
PRUD. Do you not think sometimes of thecountry from whence you came?
Christian's thoughts of his native country
CHR. Yesbut with much shame anddetestation: "Trulyif I had been mindful of that country fromwhence I came outI might have had opportunity to have returned;but now I desirea better countrythat isan heavenly." [Heb. 11:1516]
PRUD. Do you not yet bear away with yousome of the thingsthat then you were conversant withal?
Christian distasted with carnalcogitations
CHR. Yesbut greatly against my will;especially my inwardand carnal cogitationswith which all mycountrymenas well as myselfwere delighted; but now all those things are mygrief;and might I but choose mine own things
I would choose never to think of those thingsmore; but when I wouldbe doing of that which is bestthat which isworst is with me.[Rom 7:16-19]
123- PRUD. Do you not find sometimesas ifthose things were vanquishedwhich at other times are your perplexity?
Christian's golden hours
CHR. Yesbut that is seldom; but theyare to me golden hoursin which such things happen to me.
PRUD. Can you remember by what means youfind your annoyancesat timesas if they were vanquished?
How Christian gets power against hiscorruptions
CHR. Yeswhen I think what I saw at thecrossthat will do it;and when I look upon my broidered coatthatwill do it;also when I look into the roll that I carry inmy bosomthat will do it; and when my thoughts wax warmabout whither I am goingthat will do it.
124- PRUD. And what is it that makes you sodesirous to go to Mount Zion?
Why Christian would be at Mount Zion
CHR. Whythere I hope to see him alivethat did hang dead on the cross;and there I hope to be rid of all those thingsthat to this day are in mean annoyance to me; therethey saythere isno death; and there I shalldwell with such company as I like best. [Isa. 25:8; Rev. 21:4]Forto tell you truthI love himbecause Iwas by him eased ofmy burden; and I am weary of my inwardsickness. I would fain be whereI shall die no moreand with the company thatshall continually cry"HolyHolyHoly!"
125- Charity discourses him
Then said Charity to ChristianHave you afamily? Are youa married man?
CHR. I have a wife and four smallchildren.
CHAR. And why did you not bring themalong with you?
Christian's love to his wife and children
CHR. Then Christian weptand saidOhhow willinglywould I have done it! but they were all of themutterly averseto my going on pilgrimage.
CHAR. But you should have talked to themand have endeavouredto have shown them the danger of being behind.
CHR. So I did; and told them also of whatGod had shown to meof the destruction of our city; "but Iseemed to them as onethat mocked"and they believed me not. [Gen. 19:14]
CHAR. And did you pray to God that hewould bless your counsel to them?
CHR. Yesand that with much affection: for you must thinkthat my wife and poor children were very dearunto me.
CHAR. But did you tell them of your ownsorrowand fearof destruction? for I suppose that destructionwas visible enoughto you.
Christian's fears of perishing might beread in his very countenance
CHR. Yesoverand overand over. They might also see my fearsin my countenancein my tearsand also in mytrembling underthe apprehension of the judgement that did hangover our heads;but all was not sufficient to prevail with themto come with me.
CHAR. But what could they say forthemselveswhy they came not?
126- The cause why his wife and children did notgo with him
CHR. Whymy wife was afraid of losingthis worldand my childrenwere given to the foolish delights of youth: so what by one thingand what by anotherthey left me to wander inthis manner alone.
CHAR. But did you notwith your vainlifedamp all that youby words used by way of persuasion to bringthem away with you?
127- Christian's good conversation before hiswife and children
CHR. IndeedI cannot commend my life;for I am conscious to myselfof many failings therein; I know also that aman by his conversationmay soon overthrow what by argument orpersuasion he doth labourto fasten upon others for their good. Yetthis I can sayI was very wary of giving them occasionby anyunseemly actionto make them averse to going on pilgrimage. Yeafor this very thingthey would tell me I was too preciseand thatI denied myselfof thingsfor their sakesin which they sawno evil. NayI think I may saythat if what they saw in medid hinder themit was my great tenderness in sinning againstGodor of doingany wrong to my neighbour.
Christian clear of their blood if theyperish
CHAR. Indeed Cain hated his brother"because his own works were eviland his brother's righteous" [1 John3:12]; and if thy wife and childrenhave been offended with thee for thistheythereby show themselvesto be implacable to goodand "thou hastdelivered thy soulfrom their blood". [Ezek. 3:19]
128- What Christian had to his supper
Now I saw in my dreamthat thus they sattalking togetheruntil supper was ready. So when they hadmade readythey sat down to meat.
Their talk atsupper time
Now the tablewas furnished "with fat thingsand withwine that was well refined":and all their talk at the table was about theLord of the hill;asnamelyabout what he had doneandwherefore he did what he didand why he had builded that house. And bywhat they saidI perceived that he had been a great warriorand had fought withand slain "him that had the Power ofdeath"but not withoutgreat danger to himselfwhich made me love himthe more.[Heb. 2:1415]
129- Foras they saidand as I believe (saidChristian)he did it withthe loss of much blood; but that which putglory of graceinto all he didwasthat he did it out ofpure love to his country.And besidesthere were some of them of thehousehold that saidthey had been and spoke with him since he diddie on the cross;and they have attested that they had it fromhis own lipsthat he is such a lover of poor pilgrimsthatthe like is notto be found from the east to the west.
130- Christ makes princes of beggars
Theymoreovergave an instance of what theyaffirmedand that washe had stripped himself of his glorythat hemight do thisfor the poor; and that they heard him say andaffirm"that he would not dwell in the mountainof Zion alone."They saidmoreoverthat he had made manypilgrims princesthough by nature they were beggars bornandtheir originalhad been the dunghill. [1 Sam 2:8; Ps.113:7]
131- Christian's bedchamber
Thus they discoursed together till late atnight; and afterthey had committed themselves to their Lord forprotectionthey betook themselves to rest: thePilgrim they laidin a large upper chamberwhose window openedtowards the sun-rising:the name of the chamber was Peace; where heslept till break of dayand then he awoke and sang--
"Where am I now? Is this the love and care
Of Jesus for the menthat pilgrims are?
Thus to provide! thatI should be forgiven!
And dwell already thenext door to heaven!"
132- Christian had into the studyand what hesaw there
So in the morning they all got up; andaftersome more discoursethey told him that he should not depart tillthey had shown himthe rarities of that place. And firstthey had him into the studywhere they showed him records of the greatestantiquity; in whichas I remember my dreamthey showed him firstthe pedigree of the Lordof the hillthat he was the son of the Ancientof Daysand came bythat eternal generation. Here also wasmore fully recorded the actsthat he had doneand the names of manyhundreds that he had takeninto his service; and how he had placed them insuch habitations thatcould neither by length of daysnor decays ofnaturebe dissolved.
133- Then they read to him some of the worthy actsthat some of his servantshad done: ashow they had "subduedkingdomswrought righteousnessobtained promisesstopped the mouths of lionsquenched the violenceof fireescaped the edge of the swordout ofweaknesswere made strongwaxed valiant in fightandturned to flightthe armies of the aliens." [Heb11:3334]
134- They then read againin another part of therecords of the housewhere it was shewed how willing their Lord wasto receiveinto his favour anyeven anythough they intime past had offeredgreat affronts to his person and proceedings. Here also wereseveral other histories of many other famousthingsof all whichChristian had a view; as of things both ancientand modern;together with prophecies and predictions ofthings that havetheir certain accomplishmentboth to the dreadand amazementof enemiesand the comfort and solace ofpilgrims.
135- Christian had into the armoury
The next day they took him and had him into thearmourywhere they showed him all manner of furniturewhich their Lordhad provided for pilgrimsas swordshieldhelmetbreastplateALL-PRAYERand shoes that would not wear out. And there was hereenough of this to harness out as many men forthe service of their Lordas there be stars in the heaven for multitude.
136- Christian is made to see ancient things
They also showed him some of the engines withwhich some of his servantshad done wonderful things. They shewedhim Moses' rod;the hammer and nail with which Jael slewSisera; the pitcherstrumpetsand lamps toowith which Gideon put to flightthe armies of Midian.Then they showed him the ox's goad wherewithShamgar slewsix hundred men. They showed him also thejaw-bone with which Samsondid such mighty feats. They showed himmoreoverthe sling and stonewith which David slew Goliath of Gath; and theswordalsowith which their Lord will kill the Man of Sinin the daythat he shall rise up to the prey. Theyshowed himbesidesmany excellent thingswith which Christian wasmuch delighted.This donethey went to their rest again.
137- Christian showed the Delectable Mountains
Then I saw in my dreamthat on the morrow hegot up to go forward;but they desired him to stay till the next dayalso;and thensaid theywe willif the day beclearshow youthe Delectable Mountainswhichthey saidwould yet further addto his comfortbecause they were nearer thedesired haventhan the place where at present he was; so heconsented and stayed.When the morning was upthey had him to thetop of the houseand bid him look south; so he did: andbeholdat a great distancehe saw a most pleasant mountainous countrybeautified with woodsvineyardsfruits of all sortsflowers alsowith springsand fountainsvery delectable to behold. [Isa. 33:1617]Then he asked the name of the country. They said it wasImmanuel's Land; and it is as commonsaidtheyas this hill isto and for all the pilgrims. And whenthou comest there from thencesaid theythou mayest see to the gate of theCelestial Cityas the shepherds that live there will makeappear.
138- Christian sets forward
Now he bethought himself of setting forwardand they were willinghe should. But firstsaid theylet usgo again into the armoury.
Christian sent away armed
So theydid; and when they came therethey harnessed him from head to foot with whatwas of prooflestperhapshe should meet with assaults inthe way. He beingthereforethus accoutredwalketh out with hisfriends to the gateand there he asked the porter if he saw anypilgrims pass by.Then the porter answeredYes.
139- CHR. Praydid you know him? said he.
POR. I asked him his nameand he told meit was Faithful.
CHR. Ohsaid ChristianI know him; heis my townsmanmy near neighbour; he comes from the placewhere I was born.How far do you think he may be before?
POR. He is got by this time below thehill.
How Christian and the Porter greet atparting
CHR. Wellsaid Christiangood Porterthe Lord be with theeand add to all thy blessings much increaseforthe kindness that thouhast showed to me.
140- The Valley of Humiliation
Then he began to go forward; but DiscretionPietyCharityand Prudence would accompany him down to thefoot of the hill.So they went on togetherreiterating theirformer discoursestill they came to go down the hill. Thensaid ChristianAs it was difficult coming upsoso far as Ican seeit is dangerousgoing down. Yessaid Prudenceso it isfor it is a hard matterfor a man to go down into the Valley ofHumiliationas thou art nowand to catch no slip by the way; thereforesaid theyare we come outto accompany thee down the hill. So hebegan to go downbut very warily; yet he caught a slip or two.
141- Then I saw in my dream that these goodcompanionswhen Christianwas gone to the bottom of the hillgave him aloaf of breada bottle of wineand a cluster of raisins; andthen he went on his way.
Christian has no armour for his back
But nowin this Valley of HumiliationpoorChristian was hard putto it; for he had gone but a little waybeforehe espied a foul fiendcoming over the field to meet him; his name isApollyon.Then did Christian begin to be afraidand tocast in his mindwhether to go back or to stand his ground. But he considered againthat he had no armour for his back; andtherefore thoughtthat to turn the back to him might give him thegreater advantagewith ease to pierce him with his darts.
Christian's resolutionat the approach of Apollyon
Thereforehe resolved to ventureand stand his ground; forthought hehad I nomore in mine eyethan the saving of my lifeit would be thebest way to stand.
142- So he went onand Apollyon met him. Nowthe monster washideous to behold; he was clothed with scaleslike a fish(and they are his pride) he had wings like adragonfeet like a bearand out of his belly came fire and smokeandhis mouth was asthe mouth of a lion. When he was come upto Christianhe beheld himwith a disdainful countenanceand thus beganto question with him.
143- APOL. Whence come you? and whither areyou bound?
CHR. I am come from the City ofDestructionwhich is the placeof all eviland am going to the City of Zion.
Discourse betwixt Christian and Apollyon
APOL. By this I perceive thou art one ofmy subjectsfor all that country is mineand I am theprince and god of it.How is itthenthat thou hast run away fromthy king?Were it not that I hope thou mayest do me moreserviceI would strike thee nowat one blowto theground.
144- CHR. I was bornindeedin yourdominionsbut your service was hardand your wages such as a man could not live on"for the wages of sinis death" [Rom 6:23]; thereforewhen Iwas come to yearsI didas other considerate persons dolook outifperhapsI might mend myself.
APOL. There is no prince that will thuslightly lose his subjectsneither will I as yet lose thee; but since thoucomplainestof thy service and wagesbe content to goback: what our countrywill affordI do here promise to give thee.
CHR. But I have let myself to anothereven to the King of princes;and how can Iwith fairnessgo back withthee?
145- Apollyon undervalues Christ's service
APOL. Thou hast done in thisaccordingto the proverb"Changed a bad for a worse"; but itis ordinary for those that haveprofessed themselves his servantsafter awhile to give him the slipand return again to me. Do thou so tooand all shall be well.
CHR. I have given him my faithand swornmy allegiance to him;howthencan I go back from thisand not behanged as a traitor?
Apollyon pretends to be merciful
APOL. Thou didst the same to meand yetI am willing to pass by allif now thou wilt yet turn again and go back.
146- CHR. What I promised thee was in mynonage; andbesidesI count the Prince under whose banner now Istand is able to absolve me;yeaand to pardon also what I did as to mycompliance with thee;and besidesO thou destroying Apollyon! tospeak truthI like his servicehis wageshis servantshis governmenthis companyand countrybetter than thine;andthereforeleave off to persuade me further; I am hisservantand I will follow him.
147- Apollyon pleads the grievous ends ofChristiansto dissuade Christianfrom persisting in his way
APOL. Consideragainwhen thou art incool bloodwhat thou art like to meet with in the way thatthou goest.Thou knowest thatfor the most parthisservants come to an ill endbecause they are transgressors against me andmy ways.How many of them have been put to shamefuldeaths! andbesidesthou countest his service better than minewhereas he never came yetfrom the place where he is to deliver any thatserved himout of their hands; but as for mehow manytimesas all the worldvery well knowshave I deliveredeither bypoweror fraudthose that have faithfully served mefrom himand histhough taken by them; and so I will deliverthee.
CHR. His forbearing at present to deliverthem is on purposeto try their lovewhether they will cleave tohim to the end;and as for the ill end thou sayest they cometothat is most gloriousin their account; forfor present deliverancethey do not muchexpect itfor they stay for their gloryandthen they shall have itwhen their Prince comes in his and the glory ofthe angels.
APOL. Thou hast already been unfaithfulin thy service to him;and how dost thou think to receive wages ofhim?
CHR. WhereinO Apollyon! have I beenunfaithful to him?
148- Apollyon pleads Christian's infirmitiesagainst him
APOL. Thou didst faint at first settingoutwhen thou wastalmost choked in the Gulf of Despond; thoudidst attempt wrong waysto be rid of thy burdenwhereas thou shouldsthave stayedtill thy Prince had taken it off; thou didstsinfully sleepand lose thy choice thing; thou wastalsoalmost persuaded to go backat the sight of the lions; and when thoutalkest of thy journeyand of what thou hast heard and seenthou artinwardly desirousof vain-glory in all that thou sayest or doest.
CHR. All this is trueand much morewhich thou hast left out;but the Prince whom I serve and honour ismercifuland ready to forgive; butbesidestheseinfirmities possessed mein thy countryfor there I sucked them in; andI have groanedunder thembeen sorry for themand haveobtained pardon of my Prince.
149- Apollyon in a rage falls upon Christian
APOL. Then Apollyon broke out into agrievous ragesayingI am an enemy to this Prince; I hate hispersonhis lawsand people;I am come out on purpose to withstand thee.
CHR. Apollyonbeware what you do; for Iam in the King's highwaythe way of holiness; therefore take heed toyourself.
APOL. Then Apollyon straddled quite overthe whole breadth of the wayand saidI am void of fear in this matter: prepare thyself to die;for I swear by my infernal denthat thou shaltgo no further;here will I spill thy soul.
150- And with that he threw a flaming dart at hisbreast; but Christian hada shield in his handwith which he caught itand so preventedthe danger of that.
Christian wounded in his understandingfaithand conversation
Then did Christian drawfor he saw it was timeto bestir him;and Apollyon as fast made at himthrowingdarts as thick as hail;by the whichnotwithstanding all thatChristian could do to avoid itApollyon wounded him in his headhis handandfoot.This made Christian give a little back;Apollyonthereforefollowed his work amainand Christian againtook courageand resisted as manfully as he could. This sore combat lastedfor above half a dayeven till Christian wasalmost quite spent;for you must know that Christianby reason ofhis woundsmust needs grow weaker and weaker.
151- Apollyon casteth to the ground theChristian
Then Apollyonespying his opportunitybeganto gather up closeto Christianand wrestling with himgave hima dreadful fall;and with that Christian's sword flew out of hishand.Then said ApollyonI am sure of thee now. And with thathe had almost pressed him to deathso thatChristian beganto despair of life; but as God would have itwhile Apollyonwas fetching of his last blowthereby to makea full endof this good manChristian nimbly stretchedout his hand for his swordand caught itsaying"Rejoice notagainst meO mine enemy;when I fall I shall arise" [Micah 7:8];
Christian's victoryover Apollyon
and with that gave him adeadly thrustwhich made him give backas one that hadreceived his mortal wound.Christian perceiving thatmade at him againsaying"Nayin all these things we are more than conquerorsthrough himthat loved us". [Rom. 8:37] And with that Apollyon spread forthhis dragon's wingsand sped him awaythatChristian for a seasonsaw him no more. [James 4:7]
152- A brief relation of the combat by thespectator
In this combat no man can imagineunless hehad seen and heardas I didwhat yelling and hideous roaringApollyon made all the timeof the fight--he spake like a dragon; andonthe other sidewhat sighs and groans burst from Christian'sheart. I never saw himall the while give so much as one pleasantlooktill he perceivedhe had wounded Apollyon with his two-edgedsword; thenindeedhe did smileand look upward; but it was thedreadfullest sightthat ever I saw.
A more unequal matchcan hardly be--
CHRISTIAN must fightan Angel; but you see
The valiant man byhandling Sword and Shield
Doth make himtho' aDragonquit the field.
153- Christian gives God thanks for deliverance
So when the battle was overChristian said"Iwill here give thanksto him that delivered me out of the mouth ofthe lionto him that did help me against Apollyon." And so he didsaying--
Great Beelzebubthecaptain of this fiend
Design'd my ruin;therefore to this end
He sent him harness'dout: and he with rage
That hellish wasdidfiercely me engage.
But blessed Michaelhelped meand I
By dint of sworddidquickly make him fly.
Therefore to him letme give lasting praise
And thank and blesshis holy name always.
154- Christian goes on his journey with hissword drawn in his hand
Then there came to him a handwith some of theleavesof the tree of lifethe which Christian tookand applied to the woundsthat he had received in the battleand washealed immediately.He also sat down in that place to eat breadand to drink of the bottlethat was given him a little before; sobeingrefreshedhe addressed himself to his journeywith hissword drawn in his hand;for he saidI know not but some other enemymay be at hand. But he metwith no other affront from Apollyon quitethrough this valley.
155- The Valley of the Shadow of Death
Nowat the end of this valley was anothercalled the Valley ofthe Shadow of Deathand Christian must needsgo through itbecause the way to the Celestial City laythrough the midst of it.Nowthis valley is a very solitary place. The prophet Jeremiahthus describes it: "A wildernessaland of deserts and of pitsa land of droughtand of the shadow of deatha land that no man"(but a Christian) "passed throughandwhere no man dwelt." [Jer. 2:6]
Now here Christian was worse put to it than inhis fight with Apollyonas by the sequel you shall see.
156- The children of the spies go back
I saw then in my dreamthat when Christian wasgot to the borders ofthe Shadow of Deaththere met him two menchildren of themthat brought up an evil report of the good land[Num. 13]making haste to go back; to whom Christianspake as follows:--
157- CHR. Whither are you going?
MEN. They saidBack! back! and we wouldhave you to do so tooif either life or peace is prized by you.
CHR. Whywhat's the matter? saidChristian.
MEN. Matter! said they; we were goingthat way as you are goingand went as far as we durst; and indeed we werealmost past coming back;for had we gone a little furtherwe had notbeen here to bring the newsto thee.
CHR. But what have you met with? saidChristian.
MEN. Whywe were almost in the Valley ofthe Shadow of Death;but thatby good hapwe looked before usandsaw the dangerbefore we came to it. [Ps. 44:19; 107:10]
CHR. But what have you seen? saidChristian.
158- MEN. Seen! Whythe Valley itselfwhich is as dark as pitch;we also saw there the hobgoblinssatyrsanddragons of the pit;we heard also in that Valley a continualhowling and yellingas of a people under unutterable miserywhothere sat boundin affliction and irons; and over that Valleyhangsthe discouraging clouds of confusion. Death also doth alwaysspread his wings over it. In a worditis every whit dreadfulbeing utterly without order. [Job 3:5;10:22]
CHR. Thensaid ChristianI perceive notyetby what you have saidbut that this is my way to the desired haven. [Jer. 2:6]
MEN. Be it thy way; we will not choose itfor ours. Sothey partedand Christian went on his waybut still withhis sworddrawn in his handfor fear lest he should beassaulted.
159- I saw then in my dreamso far as this valleyreachedthere was on the right hand a very deep ditch;that ditch is itinto which the blind have led the blind in allagesand have boththere miserably perished. [Ps. 69:1415] Againbeholdon the left handthere was a very dangerousquaginto whichif even a good man fallshe can find no bottomfor his footto stand on. Into that quag King Davidonce did falland had no doubttherein been smotheredhad not HE that is ableplucked him out.
160- The pathway was here also exceeding narrowandtherefore good Christianwas the more put to it; for when he soughtinthe darkto shun the ditch on the one handhe was readyto tip overinto the mire on the other; also when he soughtto escape the mirewithout great carefulness he would be ready tofall into the ditch.Thus he went onand I heard him here sighbitterly; forbesides the dangers mentioned abovethepathway was here so darkand ofttimeswhen he lift up his foot to setforwardhe knew not where or upon what he should set itnext.
Poor man! where artthou now? thy day is night.
Good manbe not castdownthou yet art right
Thy way to heaven liesby the gates of Hell;
Cheer uphold outwith thee it shall go well.
161- About the midst of this valleyI perceived themouth of hell to beand it stood also hard by the wayside. Nowthought Christianwhat shall I do? And ever and anon theflame and smokewould come out in such abundancewith sparksand hideous noises(things that cared not for Christian's swordas did Apollyon before)that he was forced to put up his swordandbetake himselfto another weapon called All-prayer. [Eph. 6:18] So he criedin my hearing"O LordI beseech theedeliver my soul!" [Ps. 116:4]Thus he went on a great whileyet still theflames would bereaching towards him. Also he hearddoleful voicesand rushingsto and froso that sometimes he thought heshould be torn in piecesor trodden down like mire in the streets.
Christian put to a standbut for a while
This frightful sightwas seenand thesedreadful noises were heard by him for severalmiles together;andcoming to a place where he thought heheard a company of fiendscoming forward to meet himhe stoppedandbegan to musewhat he had best to do. Sometimes he hadhalf a thought to go back;then again he thought he might be half waythrough the valley;he remembered also how he had alreadyvanquished many a dangerand that the danger of going back might be muchmore than forto go forward; so he resolved to go on. Yet the fiends seemed to comenearer and nearer; but when they were come evenalmost at himhe cried out with a most vehement voice"Iwill walk in the strengthof the Lord God!" so they gave backandcame no further.
162- Christian made believe that he spakeblasphemieswhen it was Satan that suggested them into hismind
One thing I would not let slip. I tooknotice that now poor Christianwas so confoundedthat he did not know his ownvoice;and thus I perceived it. Just when he wascome over againstthe mouth of the burning pitone of the wickedones got behind himand stepped up softly to himand whisperinglysuggestedmany grievous blasphemies to himwhich heverily thoughthad proceeded from his own mind. This putChristian more to itthan anything that he met with beforeeven tothink that he should nowblaspheme him that he loved so much before;yetif he couldhave helped ithe would not have done it; buthe had not the discretioneither to stop his earsor to know from whencethese blasphemies came.
163- When Christian had travelled in thisdisconsolate conditionsome considerable timehe thought he heard thevoice of a manas going before himsaying"Though Iwalk through the valleyof the shadow of deathI will fear no evilfor thou art with me."[Ps. 23:4]
164- Then he was gladand that for these reasons:
FirstBecause he gathered from thencethatsome who feared Godwere in this valley as well as himself.
SecondlyFor that he perceived God was withthemthough in thatdark and dismal state; and why notthought hewith me? thoughby reason of the impediment that attends thisplaceI cannot perceive it. [Job 9:11]
ThirdlyFor that he hopedcould he overtakethemto have companyby and by. So he went onand called tohim that was before;but he knew not what to answer; for that healso thought to be alone.And by and by the day broke; then saidChristianHe hath turned "the shadow of death intothe morning". [Amos 5:8]
165- Christian glad at break of day
Now morning being comehe looked backnot outof desire to returnbut to seeby the light of the daywhathazards he had gone throughin the dark. So he saw more perfectly theditch that was onthe one handand the mire that was on theother; also how narrowthe way was which led betwixt them both; alsonow he saw the hobgoblinsand satyrsand dragons of the pitbut allafar off(for after break of daythey came not nigh;)yet they were discoveredto himaccording to that which is written"Hediscovereth deep thingsout of darknessand bringeth out to light theshadow of death."[Job 12:22]
166- The second part of this valley verydangerous
Now was Christian much affected with hisdeliverance fromall the dangers of his solitary way; whichdangersthough he feared them more beforeyet he sawthem more clearly nowbecause the light of the day made themconspicuous to him.And about this time the sun was risingandthis was another mercyto Christian; for you must notethat thoughthe first partof the Valley of the Shadow of Death wasdangerousyet this second part which he was yet to gowasif possiblefar more dangerous; for from the place where henow stoodeven to the end of the valleythe way was allalong set so fullof snarestrapsginsand nets hereand sofull of pitspitfallsdeep holesand shelvings down therethathadit now been darkas it was when he came the first part of thewayhad he had a thousand soulsthey had in reasonbeen cast away;butas I said just nowthe sun was rising. Then said he"His candle shineth upon my headand byhis light I walkthrough darkness." [Job 29:3]
167- In this lightthereforehe came to the end ofthe valley.Now I saw in my dreamthat at the end of thisvalley lay bloodbonesashesand mangled bodies of menevenof pilgrimsthat had gone this way formerly; and while Iwas musingwhat should be the reasonI espied a littlebefore me a cavewhere two giantsPOPE and PAGANdwelt in oldtime;by whose power and tyranny the men whose bonesbloodand ashes&c.lay therewere cruelly put to death. Butby this placeChristian went without much dangerwhereat Isomewhat wondered;but I have learnt sincethat PAGAN has beendead many a day;and as for the otherthough he be yet alivehe isby reason of ageand also of the many shrewd brushes that he metwithin his younger daysgrown so crazy and stiffin his jointsthat he can now do little more than sit in hiscave's mouthgrinning at pilgrims as they go byand bitinghis nailsbecause he cannot come at them.
168- So I saw that Christian went on his way; yetat the sightof the Old Man that sat in the mouth of thecavehe could not tellwhat to thinkespecially because he spake tohimthough he could notgo after himsaying"You will never mendtill more of you be burned."But he held his peaceand set a good face onitand so went byand catched no hurt. Then sang Christian:
O world of wonders! (Ican say no less)
That I should bepreserved in that distress
That I have met withhere! O blessed be
That hand that from ithath deliver'd me!
Dangers in darknessdevilshelland sin
Did compass mewhileI this vale was in:
Yeasnaresand pitsand trapsand netsdid lie
My path aboutthatworthlesssilly I
Might have beencatch'dentangledand cast down;
But since I liveletJESUS wear the crown.
169- Nowas Christian went on his wayhe came to alittle ascentwhich was cast up on purpose that pilgrimsmight see before them.Up therethereforeChristian wentandlooking forwardhe sawFaithful before himupon his journey. Then said Christian aloud"Ho! ho! So-ho! stayand I will be yourcompanion!" At thatFaithful looked behind him; to whom Christiancried again"Staystaytill I come up to you!" But Faithfulanswered"NoI am upon my lifeand the avenger of blood is behind me."
170- Christian overtakes Faithful
At thisChristian was somewhat movedandputting to all his strengthhe quickly got up with Faithfuland did alsooverrun him;so the last was first. Then did Christianvain-gloriously smilebecause he had gotten the start of his brother;but not takinggood heed to his feethe suddenly stumbled andfelland could not rise again until Faithful came upto help him.
Christian's fall makes Faithful and he golovingly together
Then I saw in my dream they went very lovinglyon togetherand had sweet discourse of all things that hadhappened to themin their pilgrimage; and thus Christian began:
171- CHR. My honoured and well-belovedbrotherFaithfulI am gladthat I have overtaken you; and that God has sotempered our spiritsthat we can walk as companions in this sopleasant a path.
FAITH. I had thoughtdear friendtohave had your companyquite from our town; but you did get the startof mewherefore I was forced to come thus much of theway alone.
CHR. How long did you stay in the City ofDestruction beforeyou set out after me on your pilgrimage?
Their talk about the country from whencethey came
FAITH. Till I could stay no longer; forthere was great talkpresently after you were gone out that our citywouldin short timewith fire from heavenbe burned down to theground.
CHR. What! did your neighbours talk so?
FAITH. Yesit was for a while ineverybody's mouth.
CHR. What! and did no more of them butyou come outto escape the danger?
FAITH. Though there wasas I saidagreat talk thereaboutyet I do not think they did firmly believe it. For in the heatof the discourseI heard some of themderidingly speak of you and ofyour desperate journey(for so they calledthis your pilgrimage)but I did believeand do stillthat the endof our citywill be with fire and and brimstone from above;and thereforeI have made my escape.
172- CHR. Did you hear no talk of neighbourPliable?
FAITH. YesChristianI heard that hefollowed you till he cameat the Slough of Despondwhereas some saidhe fell in;but he would not be known to have so done; butI am surehe was soundly bedabbled with that kind ofdirt.
CHR. And what said the neighbours to him?
How Pliable was accounted ofwhen he gothome
FAITH. He hathsince his going backbeen had greatly in derisionand that among all sorts of people; some domock and despise him;and scarce will any set him on work. Heis now seven times worsethan if he had never gone out of the city.
CHR. But why should they be so setagainst himsince they also despisethe way that he forsook?
FAITH. Ohthey sayhang himhe is aturncoat! he was not trueto his profession. I think God hasstirred up even his enemies tohiss at himand make him a proverbbecause hehath forsaken the way.[Jer. 29:1819]
CHR. Had you no talk with him before youcame out?
FAITH. I met him once in the streetsbuthe leered away onthe other sideas one ashamed of what he haddone;so I spake not to him.
173- CHR. Wellat my first setting outI hadhopes of that man;but now I fear he will perish in the overthrowof the city;for it is happened to him according to the trueproverb"The dog is turned to his own vomit again;and the sow that was washedto her wallowing in the mire." [2Pet. 2:22]
FAITH. These are my fears of him too; butwho can hinderthat which will be?
CHR. Wellneighbour FaithfulsaidChristianlet us leave himand talk of things that more immediatelyconcern ourselves.Tell me nowwhat you have met with in the wayas you came;for I know you have met with some thingsorelse it may be writfor a wonder.
174- Faithful assaulted by Wanton
FAITH. I escaped the Slough that Iperceived you fell intoand got up to the gate without that danger;only I met with onewhose name was Wantonwho had like to havedone me a mischief.
CHR. It was well you escaped her net;Joseph was hard put to it by herand he escaped her as you did; but it had liketo have cost himhis life. [Gen. 39:11-13] But whatdid she do to you?
FAITH. You cannot thinkbut that youknow somethingwhat a flattering tongue she had; she lay at mehard to turn asidewith herpromising me all manner of content.
CHR. Nayshe did not promise you thecontent of a good conscience.
FAITH. You know what I mean; all carnaland fleshly content.
CHR. Thank God you have escaped her: "The abhorred of the Lordshall fall into her ditch." [Ps.22:14]
FAITH. NayI know not whether I didwholly escape her or no.
CHR. WhyI trowyou did not consent toher desires?
FAITH. Nonot to defile myself; for Iremembered an old writingthat I had seenwhich said"Her stepstake hold on hell." [Prov. 5:5]So I shut mine eyesbecause I would not bebewitched with her looks.[Job 31:1] Then she railed on meand Iwent my way.
CHR. Did you meet with no other assaultas you came?
175- He is assaulted by Adam the First
FAITH. When I came to the foot of thehill called DifficultyI met with a very aged manwho asked me what Iwasand whither bound.I told him that I am a pilgrimgoing to theCelestial City.Then said the old manThou lookest like anhonest fellow;wilt thou be content to dwell with me for thewages that I shallgive thee? Then I asked him his nameandwhere he dwelt.He said his name was Adam the Firstand thathe dwelt in the townof Deceit. [Eph. 4:22] I asked himthen what was his workand what the wages he would give. He toldme that his workwas many delights; and his wages that I shouldbe his heir at last.I further asked him what house he keptandwhat other servants he had.So he told me that his house was maintainedwith all the daintiesin the world; and that his servants were thoseof his own begetting.Then I asked if he had any children. Hesaid that he hadbut three daughters: The Lust of theFleshThe Lust of the Eyesand The Pride of Lifeand that I should marrythem all if I would.[1 John 2:16] Then I asked how long timehe would have melive with him? And he told meAs long ashe lived himself.
CHR. Welland what conclusion came theold man and you to at last?
FAITH. Whyat firstI found myselfsomewhat inclinableto go with the manfor I thought he spake veryfair;but looking in his foreheadas I talked withhimI saw there written"Put off the old man with his deeds."
CHR. And how then?
176- FAITH. Then it came burning hot into mymindwhatever he saidand however he flatteredwhen he got me hometo his househe would sell me for a slave. So I bidhim forbear to talkfor I would not come near the door of hishouse. Then he reviled meand told me that he would send such a one aftermethat should makemy way bitter to my soul. So I turned togo away from him;but just as I turned myself to go thenceIfelt him take holdof my fleshand give me such a deadly twitchbackthat I thoughthe had pulled part of me after himself. This made me cry"O wretched man!" [Rom. 7:24]So I went on my way up the hill.
Now when I had got about half-way upI lookedbehindand saw one coming after meswift as the wind;so he overtook mejust about the place where the settle stands.
CHR. Just theresaid Christiandid Isit down to rest me;but being overcome with sleepI there lostthis roll out of my bosom.
177- FAITH. Butgood brotherhear me out. So soon as the man overtook mehe was but a word and a blowfor down heknocked meand laid me for dead. But when I was alittle come to myself againI asked him wherefore he served me so. Hesaidbecause ofmy secret inclining to Adam the First; and withthat he struck meanother deadly blow on the breastand beat medown backward; so I layat his foot as dead as before. Sowhen Icame to myself againI cried him mercy; but he saidI know not howto show mercy;and with that he knocked me down again. He had doubtless madean end of mebut that one came byand bid himforbear.
CHR. Who was that that bid him forbear?
FAITH. I did not know him at firstbutas he went byI perceived the holes in his hands and in hisside;then I concluded that he was our Lord. SoI went up the hill.
178- The temper of Moses
CHR. That man that overtook you wasMoses. He spareth noneneither knoweth he how to show mercy to thosethat transgress his law.
FAITH. I know it very well; it was notthe first time that he has metwith me. It was he that came to me when Idwelt securely at homeand that told me he would burn my house over myhead if I stayed there.
CHR. But did you not see the house thatstood there on the topof the hillon the side of which Moses metyou?
FAITH. Yesand the lions toobefore Icame at it:but for the lionsI think they were asleepfor it was about noon;and because I had so much of the day before meI passed by the porterand came down the hill.
CHR. He told meindeedthat he saw yougo bybut I wishyou had called at the housefor they wouldhave showed youso many raritiesthat you would scarce haveforgot themto the day of your death. But pray tellmeDid you meet nobodyin the Valley of Humility?
179- Faithful assaulted by Discontent
FAITH. YesI met with one Discontentwho would willinglyhave persuaded me to go back again with him;his reason wasfor that the valley was altogether withouthonour. He told memoreoverthat there to go was the way todisobey all my friendsas PrideArrogancySelf-conceitWorldly-glorywith otherswho he knewas he saidwould be very muchoffendedif I made such a fool of myself as to wadethrough this valley.
CHR. Welland how did you answer him?
180- Faithful's answer to Discontent
FAITH. I told himthat although allthese that he named might claimkindred of meand that rightlyfor indeedthey were my relationsaccording to the flesh; yet since I became apilgrimthey have disowned meas I also have rejectedthem; and thereforethey were to me now no more than if they hadnever been of my lineage.
I told himmoreoverthat as to this valleyhe had quitemisrepresented the thing; for before honour ishumilityand a haughty spirit before a fall. Thereforesaid II had rather go through this valley to thehonour that was so accountedby the wisestthan choose that which heesteemed most worthyour affections.
CHR. Met you with nothing else in thatvalley?
181- He is assaulted with Shame
FAITH. YesI met with Shame; but of allthe men that I met within my pilgrimageheI thinkbears the wrongname.The others would be said nayafter a littleargumentationand somewhat else; but this bold-faced Shamewould never have done.
CHR. Whywhat did he say to you?
FAITH. What! whyhe objected againstreligion itself;he said it was a pitifullowsneakingbusiness for a manto mind religion; he said that a tenderconscience was an unmanly thing;and that for a man to watch over his words andwaysso as totie up himself from that hectoring liberty thatthe brave spiritsof the times accustom themselves untowouldmake him the ridiculeof the times. He objected alsothat butfew of the mightyrichor wisewere ever of my opinion [1 Cor. 1:26;3:18; Phil. 3:78];nor any of them neither [John 7:48]beforethey were persuadedto be foolsand to be of a voluntary fondnessto venturethe loss of allfor nobody knows what. Hemoreoverobjected the base and low estate and conditionof thosethat were chiefly the pilgrims of the times inwhich they lived:also their ignorance and want of understandingin all natural science.Yeahe did hold me to it at that rate alsoabout a great manymore things than here I relate; asthat it wasa shame to sitwhining and mourning under a sermonand ashame to comesighing and groaning home: that it was ashame to ask my neighbourforgiveness for petty faultsor to makerestitutionwhere I have taken from any. He saidalsothat religion made a mangrow strange to the greatbecause of a fewviceswhich he calledby finer names; and made him own and respectthe basebecause of the same religious fraternity. And is not thissaid hea shame?
182- CHR. And what did you say to him?
FAITH. Say! I could not tell what to sayat the first.Yeahe put me so to itthat my blood came upin my face;even this Shame fetched it upand had almostbeat me quite off.But at last I began to considerthat "thatwhich is highly esteemedamong menis had in abomination with God." [Luke 16:15]And I thought againthis Shame tells me whatmen are;but it tells me nothing what God or the Word ofGod is.And I thoughtmoreoverthat at the day ofdoomwe shall not be doomedto death or life according to the hectoringspirits of the worldbut according to the wisdom and law of theHighest. Thereforethought Iwhat God says is bestindeed isbestthough all the menin the world are against it. Seeingthenthat God prefershis religion; seeing God prefers a tenderconscience;seeing they that make themselves fools for thekingdom of heavenare wisest; and that the poor man that lovethChrist is richerthan the greatest man in the world that hateshim; Shamedepartthou art an enemy to my salvation! ShallI entertain theeagainst my sovereign Lord? How then shallI look him in the faceat his coming? Should I now be ashamed ofhis ways and servantshow can I expect the blessing? [Mark 8:38] Butindeedthis Shame was a bold villain; I could scarceshake himout of my company; yeahe would be haunting ofmeand continuallywhispering me in the earwith some one orother of the infirmitiesthat attend religion; but at last I told him itwas but in vainto attempt further in this business; for thosethings that he disdainedin those did I see most glory; and so at last Igot pastthis importunate one. And when I hadshaken him offthen I began to sing--
The trials that thosemen do meet withal
That are obedient tothe heavenly call
Are manifoldandsuited to the flesh
And comeand comeand come again afresh;
That nowor sometimeelsewe by them may
Be takenovercomeand cast away.
Ohlet the pilgrimslet the pilgrimsthen
Be vigilantand quitthemselves like men.
183- CHR. I am gladmy brotherthat thoudidst withstand this villainso bravely; for of allas thou sayestI thinkhe has the wrong name;for he is so bold as to follow us in thestreetsand to attemptto put us to shame before all men: thatisto make us ashamedof that which is good; but if he was nothimself audacioushe would never attempt to do as he does. But let us still resist him;for notwithstanding all his bravadoeshepromoteth the fooland none else. "The wise shallinherit glorysaid Solomonbut shame shall be the promotion of fools." [Prov. 3:35]
FAITH. I think we must cry to Him forhelp against Shamewho would have us to be valiant for the truthupon the earth.
CHR. You say true; but did you meetnobody else in that valley?
FAITH. Nonot I; for I had sunshine allthe rest of the waythrough thatand also through the Valley ofthe Shadow of Death.
184- CHR. It was well for you. I am sureit fared far otherwise with me;I had for a long seasonas soon almost as Ientered into that valleya dreadful combat with that foul fiendApollyon; yeaI thought verilyhe would have killed meespecially when he gotme downand crushed me under himas if he would havecrushed me to pieces;for as he threw memy sword flew out of myhand; nayhe told mehe was sure of me: but I cried to Godand he heard meand delivered me out of all my troubles. Then I entered intothe Valley of the Shadow of Deathand had nolight for almosthalf the way through it. I thought Ishould have been killed thereover and over; but at last day brokeand thesun roseand I went through that which was behind withfar more ease and quiet.
185- Talkative described
MoreoverI saw in my dreamthat as they wentonFaithfulas he chanced to look on one sidesaw a manwhose name is Talkativewalking at a distance beside them; for in thisplacethere was room enough for them all to walk. He was a tall manand something more comely at a distance than athand.To this man Faithful addressed himself in thismanner:
FAITH. Friendwhither away? Areyou going to the heavenly country?
TALK. I am going to the same place.
FAITH. That is well; then I hope we mayhave your good company.
TALK. With a very good will will I beyour companion.
186- Faithful and Talkative enter discourse
FAITH. Come onthenand let us gotogetherand let us spend our timein discoursing of things that are profitable.
Talkative's dislike of bad discourse
TALK. To talk of things that are goodtome is very acceptablewith you or with any other; and I am glad thatI have met withthose that incline to so good a work; fortospeak the truththere are but few that care thus to spend theirtime(as they are in their travels)but choose muchrather to bespeaking of things to no profit; and this hathbeen a trouble for me.
FAITH. That is indeed a thing to belamented; for what thingsso worthy of the use of the tongue and mouth ofmen on earthas are the things of the God of heaven?
TALK. I like you wonderful wellfor yoursayings are fullof conviction; and I will addwhat thing is sopleasantand what so profitableas to talk of thethings of God?What things so pleasant (that isif a man hathany delight in thingsthat are wonderful)? For instanceif aman doth delight to talkof the history or the mystery of things; or ifa man doth love to talkof miracleswondersor signswhere shall hefind things recordedso delightfuland so sweetly pennedas in theHoly Scripture?
187- FAITH. That is true; but to be profitedby such things in our talkshould be that which we design.
Talkative's fine discourse
TALK. That is it that I said; for to talkof such thingsis most profitable; for by so doinga man mayget knowledgeof many things; as of the vanity of earthlythingsand the benefitof things above. Thusin generalbutmore particularly by thisa man may learn the necessity of the new birththe insufficiencyof our worksthe need of Christ'srighteousness&c. Besidesby this a man may learnby talkwhat it is torepentto believeto prayto sufferor the like; by this also aman may learnwhat are the great promises and consolations ofthe gospelto his own comfort. Furtherby this aman may learnto refute false opinionsto vindicate thetruthand alsoto instruct the ignorant.
FAITH. All this is trueand glad am I tohear these things from you.
TALK. Alas! the want of this is the causewhy so few understandthe need of faithand the necessity of a workof grace in their soulin order to eternal life; but ignorantly livein the works of the lawby which a man can by no means obtain thekingdom of heaven.
188- FAITH. Butby your leaveheavenlyknowledge of theseis the gift of God; no man attaineth to them byhuman industryor only by the talk of them.
O brave Talkative
TALK. All this I know very well; for aman can receive nothingexcept it be given him from Heaven; all is ofgracenot of works.I could give you a hundred scriptures for theconfirmation of this.
FAITH. Wellthensaid Faithfulwhat isthat one thing thatwe shall at this time found our discourse upon?
O brave Talkative
TALK. What you will. I will talk ofthings heavenlyor things earthly; things moralor thingsevangelical; things sacredor things profane; things pastor things tocome; things foreignor things at home; things more essentialorthings circumstantial;provided that all be done to our profit.
189- Faithful beguiled by Talkative
FAITH. Now did Faithful begin to wonder;and stepping to Christian(for he walked all this while by himself)hesaid to him(but softly)What a brave companion have we got! Surely this man will makea very excellent pilgrim.
CHR. At this Christian modestly smiledand saidThis manwith whom you are so takenwill beguilewiththat tongue of histwenty of them that know him not.
FAITH. Do you know himthen?
190- Christian makes a discovery of Talkativetelling Faithful who he was
CHR. Know him! Yesbetter than heknows himself.
FAITH. Praywhat is he?
CHR. His name is Talkative; he dwellethin our town.I wonder that you should be a stranger to himonly I considerthat our town is large.
FAITH. Whose son is he? Andwhereabout does he dwell?
CHR. He is the son of one Say-well; hedwelt in Prating Row;and is known of all that are acquainted withhimby the name ofTalkative in Prating Row; and notwithstandinghis fine tonguehe is but a sorry fellow.
191- FAITH. Wellhe seems to be a very prettyman.
CHR. That isto them who have notthorough acquaintance with him;for he is best abroad; near homehe is uglyenough.Your saying that he is a pretty manbrings tomy mindwhat I have observed in the work of thepainterwhose picturesshow best at a distancebutvery nearmoreunpleasing.
192- FAITH. But I am ready to think you do butjestbecause you smiled.
CHR. God forbid that I should jest(although I smiled) in this matteror that I should accuse any falsely! Iwill give youa further discovery of him. This man isfor any companyand for any talk; as he talketh now with youso will he talkwhen he is on the ale-bench; and the more drinkhe hath in his crownthe more of these things he hath in his mouth;religion hath no placein his heartor houseor conversation; all hehathlieth in his tongueand his religion istomake a noise therewith.
193- FAITH. Say you so! then am I in this mangreatly deceived.
Talkative talksbut does not
CHR. Deceived! you may be sure of it;remember the proverb"They say and do not." [Matt.23:3] But the kingdom of Godis not in wordbut in Power. [1 Cor4:20] He talketh of prayerof repentanceof faithand of the new birth;but he knows but onlyto talk of them. I have been in hisfamilyand have observed himboth at home and abroad; and I know what I sayof him is the truth.
His house is empty of religion
His house is as empty of religionas the white of an egg is of savour. There is there neither prayernor sign of repentance for sin; yeathe brutein his kind serves Godfar better than he.
He is a stain toreligion
He is the very stainreproachand shame of religionto all thatknow him; it can hardlyhave a good word in all that end of the townwhere he dwellsthrough him. [Rom. 2:2425]
TheProverb that goes of him
Thus say the common people that know himAsaint abroadand a devil at home. His poor familyfinds it so; he is such a churlsuch a railer at and so unreasonable with hisservantsthat they neither know how to do for or speakto him.
Men shun to deal with him
Menthat have any dealings with him sayit is better to deal with a Turk than with him;for fairer dealingthey shall have at their hands. ThisTalkative (if it be possible)will go beyond themdefraudbeguileandoverreach them. Besideshe brings up his sons to follow his steps; andif he findethin any of them a foolish timorousness(for sohe callsthe first appearance of a tender conscience)he calls themfools and blockheadsand by no means willemploy them in muchor speak to their commendations before others. For my partI am of opinionthat he hasby his wickedlifecaused manyto stumble and fall; and will beif Godprevent notthe ruin of many more.
194- FAITH. Wellmy brotherI am bound tobelieve you; not only becauseyou say you know himbut also becauselike aChristianyou make your reports of men. For Icannot think that youspeak these things of ill-willbut because itis even so as you say.
CHR. Had I known him no more than youImight perhapshave thought of himasat the firstyou did;yeahad he receivedthis report at their hands only that areenemies to religionI should have thought it had been a slander--alot that often fallsfrom bad men's mouths upon good men's names andprofessions;but all these thingsyeaand a great manymore as badof my own knowledgeI can prove him guiltyof. Besidesgood men are ashamed of him; they can neithercall him brothernor friend; the very naming of him among themmakes them blushif they know him.
195- FAITH. WellI see that saying and doingare two thingsand hereafter I shall better observe thisdistinction.
The carcass of religion
CHR. They are two thingsindeedand areas diverse as arethe soul and the body; for as the body withoutthe soul is buta dead carcassso sayingif it be aloneisbut a dead carcass also.The soul of religion is the practical part: "Pure religionand undefiledbefore God and the FatheristhisTo visitthe fatherless and widows in their afflictionand to keep himselfunspotted from the world." [James1:27; see vv. 22-26]This Talkative is not aware of; he thinks thathearing and sayingwill make a good Christianand thus hedeceiveth his own soul.Hearing is but as the sowing of the seed;talking is not sufficientto prove that fruit is indeed in the heart andlife; and let usassure ourselvesthat at the day of doom menshall be judgedaccording to their fruits. [Matt. 1325] It will not be said thenDid you believe? butWere you doersortalkers only?and accordingly shall they be judged. Theend of the worldis compared to our harvest; and you know men atharvestregard nothing but fruit. Not thatanything can be acceptedthat is not of faithbut I speak this to showyou how insignificantthe profession of Talkative will be at thatday.
196- Faithful convinced of the badness ofTalkative
FAITH. This brings to my mind that ofMosesby which he describeththe beast that is clean. [Lev. 11:3-7;Deut. 14:6-8] He is such a onethat parteth the hoof and cheweth the cud; notthat parteththe hoof onlyor that cheweth the cud only. The hare cheweth the cudbut yet is uncleanbecause he parteth not thehoof.And this truly resembleth Talkative; he cheweththe cudhe seeketh knowledgehe cheweth upon the word;but he divideth notthe hoofhe parteth not with the way ofsinners; butas the harehe retaineth the foot of a dog or bearandtherefore he is unclean.
Talkative like to things that sound withoutlife
CHR. You have spokenfor aught I knowthe true gospel senseof those texts. And I will add anotherthing: Paul calleth some menyeaand those great talkerstoosoundingbrass and tinkling cymbals;that isas he expounds them in another placethings without lifegiving sound. [1 Cor. 13:1-3; 14:7] Things without lifethat iswithout the true faith and grace of the gospel;and consequentlythings that shall never be placed in thekingdom of heavenamong those that are the children of life;though their soundby their talkbe as if it were the tongue orvoice of an angel.
FAITH. WellI was not so fond of hiscompany at firstbut I am as sick of it now. What shall wedo to be rid of him?
CHR. Take my adviceand do as I bid youand you shall findthat he will soon be sick of your company tooexcept Godshall touch his heartand turn it.
FAITH. What would you have me to do?
CHR. Whygo to himand enter into someserious discourseabout the power of religion; and ask himplainly(when he has approved of itfor that he will)whether this thingbe set up in his hearthouseor conversation.
197- FAITH. Then Faithful stepped forwardagainand said to TalkativeComewhat cheer? How is it now?
TALK. Thank youwell. I thought weshould have hada great deal of talk by this time.
198- FAITH. Wellif you willwe will fall toit now; and sinceyou left it with me to state the questionletit be this:How doth the saving grace of God discoveritself when it is inthe heart of man?
Talkative's false discovery of a work ofgrace
TALK. I perceivethenthat our talkmust be about the powerof things. Wellit is a very goodquestionand I shall be willingto answer you. And take my answer inbriefthus: FirstWhere the grace of God is in the heartitcauseth therea great outcry against sin. Secondly ----
FAITH. Nayholdlet us consider of oneat once. I think you shouldrather sayIt shows itself by inclining thesoul to abhor its sin.
TALK. Whywhat difference is therebetween crying out againstand abhorring of sin?
199- To cry out against sinno sign of grace
FAITH. Oha great deal. A man maycry out against sin of policybut he cannot abhor itbut by virtue of agodly antipathy against it.I have heard many cry out against sin in thepulpitwho yet can abide it well enough in the hearthouseand conversation.Joseph's mistress cried out with a loud voiceas if she had beenvery holy; but she would willinglynotwithstanding thathave committed uncleanness with him. Somecry out against sineven as the mother cries out against her childin her lapwhen she calleth it slut and naughty girlandthen fallsto hugging and kissing it.
TALK. You lie at the catchI perceive.
200- FAITH. Nonot I; I am only for settingthings right.But what is the second thing whereby you wouldprove a discoveryof a work of grace in the heart?
TALK. Great knowledge of gospelmysteries.
Great knowledge no sign of grace
FAITH. This sign should have been first;but first or lastit is also false; for knowledgegreatknowledgemay be obtainedin the mysteries of the gospeland yet no workof grace in the soul.[1 Cor. 13] Yeaif a man have allknowledgehe may yet be nothingand so consequently be no child of God. When Christ said"Do you know all these things?" andthe disciples had answeredYes;he addeth"Blessed are ye if ye dothem." He doth not lay the blessingin the knowing of thembut in the doing ofthem. For there isa knowledge that is not attended with doing: He that knowethhis masters willand doeth it not. A manmay know like an angeland yet be no Christiantherefore your sign ofit is not true.Indeedto know is a thing that pleasethtalkers and boastersbut to do is that which pleaseth God. Notthat the heart can be goodwithout knowledge; for without thatthe heartis naught.
Knowledge and knowledge
There isthereforeknowledge and knowledge.Knowledge that resteth in the bare speculationof things;and knowledge that is accompanied with thegrace of faith and love;which puts a man upon doing even the will ofGod from the heart:the first of these will serve the talker; butwithout the otherthe true Christian is not content.
Trueknowledge attendedwith endeavors
"Give meunderstandingand I shall keep thy law;yeaI shall observe it with my whole heart." [Ps. 119:34]
TALK. You lie at the catch again; this isnot for edification.
FAITH. Wellif you pleasepropoundanother sign howthis work of grace discovereth itself where itis.
TALK. Not Ifor I see we shall notagree.
FAITH. Wellif you will notwill yougive me leave to do it?
TALK. You may use your liberty.
201- One good sign of grace
FAITH. A work of grace in the souldiscovereth itselfeither to him that hath itor to standers by.
To him that hath it thus: It gives himconviction of sinespecially of the defilement of his nature andthe sin of unbelief(for the sake of which he is sure to be damnedif he findeth not mercyat God's handby faith in Jesus Christ [John16:8Rom. 7:24John 16:9Mark 16:16]). This sight andsense of things worketh in himsorrow and shame for sin; he findethmoreoverrevealed in himthe Saviour of the worldand the absolutenecessity of closing with himfor lifeat the which he findeth hungeringsand thirstings after him;to which hungerings&c.the promise ismade. [Ps. 38:18Jer. 31:19Gal. 2:16Acts 4:12Matt. 5:6Rev. 21:6] Nowaccording tothe strength or weakness of his faith in hisSaviourso is his joy and peaceso is his love toholinessso are his desiresto know him moreand also to serve him in thisworld.But though I say it discovereth itself thusunto himyet it is but seldom that he is able toconclude that thisis a work of grace; because his corruptionsnowand his abused reasonmake his mind to misjudge in this matter;thereforein him that hath this workthere is required avery sound judgementbefore he canwith steadinessconclude thatthis is a work of grace.
202- To othersit is thus discovered:
1. By an experimental confession of hisfaith in Christ.[Rom. 10:10Phil. 1:27Matt. 5:19]
2. By a life answerable to thatconfession; to wita life of holinessheart-holinessfamily-holiness(if he hath afamily)and by conversation-holiness in the worldwhichin the generalteacheth himinwardlyto abhor his sinandhimself for thatin secret; to suppress it in his family and topromote holinessin the world; not by talk onlyas a hypocriteor talkative personmay dobut by a practical subjectionin faithand loveto the power of the Word. [John 14:15Ps. 50:23Job 42:5-6Eze. 20:43] And nowSiras to thisbrief descriptionof the work of graceand also the discovery ofitif you have aught to objectobject; if notthen give me leaveto propound to you a second question.
203- TALK. Naymy part is not now to objectbut to hear;let methereforehave your second question.
Another good sign of grace
FAITH. It is this: Do youexperience this first partof this description of it? and doth your lifeand conversationtestify the same? or standeth your religion inword or in tongueand not in deed and truth? Prayif youincline to answer me in thissay no more than you know the God above willsay Amen to;and also nothing but what your conscience canjustify you in;for not he that commendeth himself is approvedbut whomthe Lord commendeth. Besidesto say I amthus and thuswhen my conversationand all my neighbourstell me I lieis great wickedness.
Talkative not pleased with Faithful'squestion
204- TALK. Then Talkative at first began toblush; butrecovering himselfthus he replied: You come now toexperienceto conscienceand God;and to appeal to him for justification of whatis spoken.This kind of discourse I did not expect; nor amI disposedto give an answer to such questionsbecause Icount not myselfbound theretounless you take upon you to be acatechiserandthough you should so doyet I may refuse tomake you my judge.ButI praywill you tell me why you ask mesuch questions?
205- The reasons why Faithful put to him thatquestion
FAITH. Because I saw you forward to talkand because I knew notthat you had aught else but notion. Besidesto tell you all the truthI have heard of youthat you are a man whosereligion lies in talkand that your conversation gives this yourmouth-profession the lie.
Faithful's plain dealing with Talkative
They sayyou are a spotamong Christians; and that religion fareth theworsefor your ungodly conversation; that some havealready stumbled at yourwicked waysand that more are in danger ofbeing destroyed thereby;your religionand an ale-houseandcovetousnessand uncleannessand swearingand lyingand vain-companykeeping&c.will stand together. The proverb is trueof you which is saidof a whoreto witthat she is a shame to allwomen;so are you a shame to all professors.
Talkative flings away from Faithful
TALK. Since you are ready to take upreports and to judgeso rashly as you doI cannot but conclude youare somepeevish or melancholy mannot fit to bediscoursed with; and so adieu.
206- A good riddance
CHR. Then came up Christianand said tohis brotherI told you how it would happen: yourwords and his lustscould not agree; he had rather leave yourcompany than reform his life.But he is goneas I said; let him gothe lossis no man's but his own;he has saved us the trouble of going from him;for he continuing(as I suppose he will do) as he ishe wouldhave been but a blot inour company: besidesthe apostle says"From such withdraw thyself."
FAITH. But I am glad we had this littlediscourse with him;it may happen that he will think of it again:
howeverI have dealt plainly with himand so am clearof his bloodif he perisheth.
207- CHR. You did well to talk so plainly tohim as you did;there is but little of this faithful dealingwith men now-a-daysand that makes religion to stink so in thenostrils of manyas it doth;for they are these talkative fools whosereligion is only in wordand are debauched and vain in theirconversationthat(being so much admitted into the fellowship ofthe godly)do puzzle the worldblemish Christianityandgrieve the sincere.I wish that all men would deal with such as youhave done:then should they either be made moreconformable to religionor the company of saints would be too hot forthem. Then didFaithful say
How Talkative at firstlifts up his plumes!
How bravely doth hespeak! How he presumes
To drive down allbefore him! But so soon
As Faithful talks ofheart-worklike the moon
That's past the fullinto the wane he goes.
And so will allbuthe that HEART-WORK knows.
208- Thus they went on talking of what they had seenby the wayand so made that way easy which wouldotherwiseno doubthave been tedious to them; for now they wentthrough a wilderness.
209- Evangelist overtakes them again
Nowwhen they were got almost quite out ofthis wildernessFaithful chanced to cast his eye backandespied one coming after themand he knew him. Oh! said Faithful to hisbrotherwho comes yonder?Then Christian lookedand saidIt is my goodfriend Evangelist.Ayand my good friend toosaid Faithfulforit was he that set mein the way to the gate. Now wasEvangelist come up to themand thus saluted them:
210- EVAN. Peace be with youdearly beloved;and peace be to your helpers.
They are glad at the sight of him
CHR. Welcomewelcomemy goodEvangelistthe sight of thy countenancebrings to my remembrance thy ancient kindnessand unwearied labouringfor my eternal good.
FAITH. And a thousand times welcomesaidgood Faithful. Thy companyO sweet Evangelisthow desirable it is to uspoor pilgrims!
EVAN. Then said EvangelistHow hath itfared with youmy friendssince the time of our last parting? Whathave you met withand how have you behaved yourselves?
211- Then Christian and Faithful told him of allthings that had happenedto them in the way; and howand with whatdifficultythey had arrived at that place.
212- His exhortation to them
EVAN. Right glad am Isaid Evangelistnot that you have metwith trialsbut that you have been victors;and for that you havenotwithstanding many weaknessescontinued inthe way to this very day.
I sayright glad am I of this thingand thatfor mine own sakeand yours. I have sowedand you havereaped: and the day is comingwhen both he that sowed and they that reapedshall rejoice together;that isif you hold out: "for indue season ye shall reapif ye faint not." [John 4:36Gal.6:9] The crown is before youand it is an incorruptible one; so runthatyou may obtain it.[1 Cor. 9:24-27] Some there be that setout for this crownandafter they have gone far for itanothercomes inand takes it from them: hold fastthereforethat you have;let no man take your crown. [Rev. 3:11] You are not yet outof the gun-shot of the devil; you have notresisted unto bloodstriving against sin; let the kingdom be alwaysbefore youand believe steadfastly concerning things thatare invisible.Let nothing that is on this side the otherworld get within you;andabove alllook well to your own heartsand to the lusts thereof"for they are deceitful above all thingsand desperately wicked";set your faces like a flint; you have all powerin heaven and earthon your side.
213- They do thank him for his exhortation
CHR. Then Christian thanked him for hisexhortation; but told himwithalthat they would have him speak furtherto them for their helpthe rest of the wayand the ratherfor thatthey well knewthat he was a prophetand could tell them ofthings that mighthappen unto themand also how they mightresist and overcome them.To which request Faithful also consented. So Evangelist beganas followeth:--
He predicteth what troubles they shall meetwith in Vanity Fairand encourageth them to steadfastness
EVAN. My sonsyou have heardin thewords of the truth of the gospelthat you mustthrough many tribulationsenterintothe kingdom of heaven. Andagainthatin every citybonds and afflictions abide in you; andtherefore you cannot expectthat you should go long on your pilgrimagewithout themin some sort or other. You have foundsomething of the truthof these testimonies upon you alreadyand morewill immediately follow;for nowas you seeyou are almost out of thiswildernessand therefore you will soon come into a townthat you will by and bysee before you; and in that town you will behardly beset with enemieswho will strain hard but they will kill you;and be you surethat one or both of you must seal the testimonywhich you holdwith blood; but be you faithful unto deathandthe King will give youa crown of life.
214- He whose lot it will be there to sufferwill have the better of his brother
He that shall die therealthough his deathwill be unnaturaland his pain perhaps greathe will yet havethe better of his fellow;not only because he will be arrived at theCelestial City soonestbut because he will escape many miseries thatthe other will meet within the rest of his journey. But when youare come to the townand shall find fulfilled what I have hererelatedthen remember your friendand quit yourselveslike menand commit the keeping of your souls to yourGod in well-doingas unto a faithful Creator.
215- Then I saw in my dreamthat when they were gotout of the wildernessthey presently saw a town before themand thename of that townis Vanity; and at the town there is a fairkeptcalled Vanity Fair:it is kept all the year long. It beareththe name of Vanity Fairbecause the town where it is kept is lighterthan vanity;andalso because all that is there soldorthat cometh thitheris vanity. As is the saying of the wise"all that cometh is vanity."[Eccl. 1; 2:1117; 11:8; Isa. 11:17]
216- This fair is no new-erected businessbut athing of ancient standing;I will show you the original of it.
The antiquity of this fair
Almost five thousand years agonethere werepilgrims walkingto the Celestial Cityas these two honestpersons are:and BeelzebubApollyonand Legionwith theircompanionsperceiving by the path that the pilgrims madethat their wayto the city lay through this town of Vanitythey contrived hereto set up a fair; a fair whereinshould besold all sorts of vanityand that it should last all the year long: therefore at this fairare all such merchandise soldas houseslandstradesplaceshonoursprefermentstitlescountrieskingdomslustspleasuresand delights of all sortsas whoresbawdswiveshusbandschildrenmastersservantslivesbloodbodiessoulssilvergoldpearlsprecious stonesand what not.
Andmoreoverat this fair there is at alltimes to be seenjuggling cheatsgamesplaysfoolsapesknavesand roguesand that of every kind.
Here are to be seentooand that for nothingtheftsmurdersadulteriesfalse swearersand that of ablood-red colour.
217- The streets of this fair
And as in other fairs of less momentthere arethe severalrows and streetsunder their proper nameswhere such and such waresare vended; so here likewise you have theproper placesrowsstreets(viz. countries and kingdoms)wherethe wares of this fairare soonest to be found. Here is theBritain Rowthe French Rowthe Italian Rowthe Spanish Rowthe GermanRowwhere several sortsof vanities are to be sold. Butas inother fairssome one commodityis as the chief of all the fairso the ware ofRome and her merchandiseis greatly promoted in this fair; only ourEnglish nationwith some othershave taken a dislike thereat.
218- Christ went through this fair
Nowas I saidthe way to the Celestial Citylies just throughthis town where this lusty fair is kept; and hethat will goto the cityand yet not go through this townmust needs go outof the world. [1 Cor. 5:10]
Christbought nothing in this fair
The Prince of princes himselfwhen herewentthrough this townto his own countryand that upon a fair daytoo; yeaand as I thinkit was Beelzebubthe chief lord of this fairthat invited himto buy of his vanities; yeawould have madehim lord of the fairwould he but have done him reverence as he wentthrough the town.[Matt. 4:8Luke 4:5-7] Yeabecause hewas such a person of honourBeelzebub had him from street to streetandshowed himall the kingdoms of the world in a little timethat he mightif possibleallure the Blessed One to cheapenand buy someof his vanities; but he had no mind to themerchandiseand therefore left the townwithout laying outso muchas one farthing upon these vanities. Thisfairthereforeis an ancient thingof long standingand avery great fair.
219- The pilgrims enter the fair
Now these pilgrimsas I saidmust needs gothrough this fair.
The fair in a hubbub about them
Wellso they did: butbeholdeven as they entered into the fairall thepeople in the fairwere movedand the town itself as it were in ahubbub about them;and that for several reasons: for--
220- The first cause of the hubbub
FirstThe pilgrims were clothed with such kindof raimentas was diverse from the raiment of any thattraded in that fair.The peoplethereforeof the fairmade agreat gazing upon them:some said they were foolssome they werebedlamsand some they are outlandish men. [1 Cor.2:7-8]
221- Second cause of the hubbub
SecondlyAnd as they wondered at theirapparelso they did likewiseat their speech; for few could understand whatthey said;they naturally spoke the language of Canaanbut they that kept the fairwere the men of this world; so thatfrom oneend of the fairto the otherthey seemed barbarians each tothe other.
222- Third cause of the hubbub
ThirdlyBut that which did not a little amusethe merchandisers wasthat these pilgrims set very light by all theirwares; they cared notso much as to look upon them; and if theycalled upon them to buythey would put their fingers in their earsandcryTurn away mine eyes from beholding vanityandlook upwardssignifying that their trade and traffic was inheaven. [Ps. 119:37Phil. 3:19-20]
223- Fourth cause of the hubbub
One chanced mockinglybeholding the carriageof the mento say unto themWhat will ye buy? Buttheylooking gravely upon himanswered"We buy the truth." [Prov. 23:23]
They are mocked
At that there was an occasion taken to despisethe men the more;some mockingsome tauntingsome speakingreproachfullyand some calling upon others to smite them.
The fair in a hubbub
At last things came to a hubbub and great stirin the fairinsomuch that all order was confounded. Nowwas word presently broughtto the great one of the fairwho quickly camedownand deputed some of his most trusty friends totake these meninto examinationabout whom the fair wasalmost overturned.
They are examined
So the men werebrought to examination;and they that sat upon themasked them whencethey camewhither they wentand what they did thereinsuch an unusual garb?
They tell who they areand whence theycame
The men told themthat they were pilgrims and strangers in theworldand that theywere going to their own countrywhich was theheavenly Jerusalem[Heb. 11:13-16] and that they had given nooccasion to the menof the townnor yet to the merchandisersthusto abuse themand to let them in their journeyexcept it wasfor thatwhen one asked them what they would buytheysaid they would buythe truth.
They are not believed
But they that were appointed toexamine them did not believe them to be anyother than bedlams and mador else such as came to put all things into aconfusion in the fair.
They are put in the cage
Therefore they took them and beat themand besmeared them with dirtand then put theminto the cagethat they might be made a spectacle to all themen of the fair.
Behold Vanity Fair!the Pilgrims there
Arechain'd and stand beside:
Even so it was ourLord pass'd here
And onMount Calvary died.
224- Their behaviour in the cage
Therethereforethey lay for some timeandwere made the objectsof any man's sportor maliceor revengethegreat one of the fairlaughing still at all that befell them. But the men being patientand not rendering railing for railingbutcontrariwiseblessingand good words for badand kindness forinjuries donesome men in the fair that were more observingand less prejudicedthan the restbegan to check and blame thebaser sortfor their continual abuses done by them to themen; theythereforein angry mannerlet fly at them againcounting them as badas the men in the cageand telling them thatthey seemed confederatesand should be made partakers of theirmisfortunes.
The men of the fair do fall out amongthemselves about these two men
The other replied thatfor aught they couldseethe men were quietand soberand intended nobody any harm; andthat there were manythat traded in their fair that were more worthyto be put into the cageyeaand pillory toothan were the men theyhad abused. Thusafter divers words had passed on both sidesthe men behaving themselvesall the while very wisely and soberly beforethemthey fell to some blows among themselvesanddid harm one to another.
They are made the authors of thisdisturbance
Then were thesetwo poor men brought before their examinersagainand there chargedas being guilty of the late hubbub that hadbeen in the fair.
They are led up and down the fair inchainsfor a terror to others
So they beat them pitifullyand hanged ironsupon themand led them in chains up and down the fairfor an example and a terrorto otherslest any should speak in theirbehalfor join themselvesunto them.
Some of the men of thefair won to them
But Christian and Faithful behaved themselvesyet more wiselyand received the ignominy and shame that wascast upon themwith so much meekness and patiencethat it wonto their sidethough but few in comparison of the restseveral of the menin the fair. This put the other party yetinto greater rageinsomuch that they concluded the death of thesetwo men.
Their adversaries resolve to kill them
Wherefore they threatenedthat the cage nor irons should serve theirturnbut that theyshould diefor the abuse they had doneandfor deluding the menof the fair.
Then were they remanded to the cage againuntil further order shouldbe taken with them. So they put them inand made their feet fastin the stocks.
225- Herethereforethey called again to mind whatthey had heardfrom their faithful friend Evangelistand werethe more confirmedin their way and sufferings by what he toldthem would happen to them.They also now comforted each otherthat whoselot it was to suffereven he should have the best of it; thereforeeach man secretly wishedthat he might have that preferment: butcommitting themselves tothe all-wise disposal of Him that ruleth allthingswith much contentthey abode in the condition in which they wereuntil they should beotherwise disposed of.
226- They are again put into the cageand afterbrought to trial
Then a convenient time being appointedtheybrought them forthto their trialin order to theircondemnation. When the time was comethey were brought before their enemies andarraigned. The judge's namewas Lord Hate-good. Their indictment wasone and the same in substancethough somewhat varying in formthe contentswhereof were this:--
227- Their indictment
"That they were enemies to and disturbersof their trade;that they had made commotions and divisions inthe townand had won a party to their own most dangerousopinionsin contempt of the law of their prince."
NowFAITHFULplaythe manspeak for thy God:
Fear not the wicked'smalice; nor their rod:
Speak boldlymanthetruth is on thy side:
Die for itand tolife in triumph ride.
228- Faithful's answer for himself
Then Faithful began to answerthat he had onlyset himself againstthat which hath set itself against Him that ishigher than the highest.Andsaid heas for disturbanceI make nonebeing myselfa man of peace; the parties that were won touswere won by beholdingour truth and innocenceand they are onlyturned from the worseto the better. And as to the king you talk ofsince he is Beelzebubthe enemy of our LordI defy him and all hisangels.
229- Then proclamation was madethat they that hadaught to sayfor their lord the king against the prisoner atthe barshould forthwith appear and give in theirevidence. So there came inthree witnessesto witEnvySuperstitionand Pickthank.They were then asked if they knew the prisonerat the bar;and what they had to say for their lord theking against him.
230- Envy begins
Then stood forth Envyand said to thiseffect: My LordI have known this man a long timeand willattest upon my oathbefore this honourable benchthat he is--
JUDGE. Hold! Give him his oath. (So they sware him.) Then he said--
ENVY. My Lordthis mannotwithstandinghis plausible nameis one of the vilest men in our country. He neither regardethprince nor peoplelaw nor custom; but doth allthat he canto possess all men with certain of his disloyalnotionswhich he in the general calls principles offaith and holiness.Andin particularI heard him once myselfaffirm that Christianityand the customs of our town of Vanity werediametrically oppositeand could not be reconciled. By whichsayingmy Lordhe doth at once not only condemn all ourlaudable doingsbut us in the doing of them.
JUDGE. Then did the Judge say to himHast thou any more to say?
ENVY. My LordI could say much moreonly I would not be tediousto the court. Yetif need bewhen theother gentlemen have given intheir evidencerather than anything shall bewantingthat will despatch himI will enlarge mytestimony against him.So he was bid to stand by. Then theycalled Superstitionand bid him look upon the prisoner. Theyalso askedwhat he could sayfor their lord the king against him. Thenthey sware him; so he began.
231- Superstition follows
SUPER. My LordI have no greatacquaintance with this mannor do I desire to have further knowledge ofhim; howeverthis I knowthat he is a very pestilent fellowfrom somediscourse thatthe other dayI had with him in this town; forthentalking with himI heard him saythat our religion was naughtand such by whicha man could by no means please God. Whichsayings of hismy Lordyour Lordship very well knowswhat necessarilythence will followto witthat we do still worship in vainareyet in our sinsand finally shall be damned; and this is thatwhich I have to say.
232- Then was Pickthank swornand bid say what heknewin behalf of their lord the kingagainst theprisoner at the bar.
Pick. My Lordand you gentlemen allThisfellow I have knownof a long timeand have heard him speak thingsthat ought notto be spoke; for he hath railed on our nobleprince Beelzebuband hath spoken contemptibly of his honourablefriends
Sins are all lords and great ones
whosenames arethe Lord Old Manthe Lord Carnal DelighttheLord Luxuriousthe Lord Desire of Vain Glorymy old LordLecherySir Having Greedywith all the rest of our nobility; and he hathsaidmoreoverThat if all men were of his mindif possiblethere is notone of these noblemen should have any longer abeing in this town.Besideshe hath not been afraid to rail onyoumy Lordwho are now appointed to be his judgecallingyou an ungodly villainwith many other such like vilifying termswithwhichhe hath bespattered most of the gentry of ourtown.
233- When this Pickthank had told his taletheJudge directed his speechto the prisoner at the barsayingThourunagatehereticand traitorhast thou heard what these honest gentlemenhave witnessed against thee?
FAITH. May I speak a few words in my owndefence?
JUDGE. Sirrah! sirrah! thou deservest tolive no longerbut to be slain immediately upon the place;yetthat all men may seeour gentleness towards theelet us hear whatthouvile runagatehast to say.
234- Faithful's defence of himself
FAITH. 1. I saythenin answer towhat Mr. Envy hath spokenI never said aught but thisThat what ruleorlawsor customsor peoplewere flat against the Word of Godare diametrically oppositeto Christianity. If I have said amiss inthisconvince me of my errorand I am ready here before you to make myrecantation.
235- 2. As to the secondto witMr.Superstitionand his chargeagainst meI said only thisThat in theworship of Godthere is required a Divine faith; but there canbe no Divine faithwithout a Divine revelation of the will ofGod. Thereforewhatever is thrust into the worship of God thatis not agreeableto Divine revelationcannot be done but by ahuman faithwhich faith will not be profitable to eternallife.
236- 3. As to what Mr. Pickthank hath saidI say(avoiding termsas that I am said to railand the like) thatthe prince of this townwith all the rabblementhis attendantsbythis gentleman namedare more fit for a being in hellthan in thistown and country:and sothe Lord have mercy upon me!
237- The Judge's speech to the jury
Then the Judge called to the jury (who all thiswhile stood byto hear and observe): Gentlemen of thejuryyou see this manabout whom so great an uproar hath been made inthis town.You have also heard what these worthy gentlemenhave witnessedagainst him. Also you have heard hisreply and confession.It lieth now in your breasts to hang him orsave his life;but yet I think meet to instruct you into ourlaw.
238- There was an Act made in the days of Pharaohthe Greatservant to our princethat lest those of acontrary religionshould multiply and grow too strong for himtheir males should bethrown into the river. [Exo. 1:22] There was also an Act madein the days of Nebuchadnezzar the Greatanother of his servantsthat whosoever would not fall down and worshiphis golden imageshould be thrown into a fiery furnace. [Dan. 3:6] There was alsoan Act made in the days of Dariusthat whosofor some timecalled upon any god but himshould be castinto the lions' den.[Dan. 6] Now the substance of these lawsthis rebel has brokennot only in thought(which is not to beborne)but alsoin word and deed; which must therefore needs beintolerable.
239- For that of Pharaohhis law was made upon asuppositionto prevent mischiefno crime being yetapparent;but here is a crime apparent. For thesecond and thirdyou see he disputeth against our religion; andfor the treasonhe hath confessedhe deserveth to die thedeath.
240- The jury and their names
Then went the jury outwhose names wereMr.Blind-manMr. No-goodMr. MaliceMr. Love-lustMr. Live-looseMr.HeadyMr. High-mindMr. EnmityMr. LiarMr. CrueltyMr.Hate-lightand Mr. Implacable;who every one gave in his private verdictagainst him among themselvesand afterwards unanimously concluded to bringhim in guiltybefore the Judge.
And firstamong themselvesMr. Blind-manthe foremansaidI see clearly that this man is a heretic. Then said Mr. No-goodAway with such a fellow from the earth. Aysaid Mr. Malicefor I hate the very looks of him. Thensaid Mr. Love-lustI could never endure him. Nor Isaid Mr.Live-loosefor he would always be condemning my way. Hang himhang himsaid Mr. Heady. A sorry scrubsaid Mr.High-mind.My heart riseth against himsaid Mr. Enmity. He is a roguesaid Mr. Liar. Hanging is too good forhimsaid Mr. Cruelty.Let us despatch him out of the waysaid Mr.Hate-light.Then said Mr. ImplacableMight I have all theworld given meI could not be reconciled to him;
Theyconclude to bring him in guiltyof death
thereforelet us forthwith bringhim in guilty of death.And so they did; therefore he was presentlycondemned to be hadfrom the place where he wasto the place fromwhence he cameand there to be put to the most cruel deaththat could be invented.
241- The cruel death of Faithful
They therefore brought him outto do with himaccording to their law;andfirstthey scourged himthen theybuffeted himthen they lanced his flesh with knives; afterthatthey stoned himwith stonesthen pricked him with theirswords; andlast of allthey burned him to ashes at the stake. Thus came Faithful to his end.
242- A chariot and horses wait to take awayFaithful
Now I saw that there stood behind the multitudea chariotand a couple of horseswaiting for Faithfulwho (so soon ashis adversaries had despatched him) was takenup into itand straightway was carried up through thecloudswith sound of trumpetthe nearest way to theCelestial Gate.
Brave FAITHFULbravely done in word and deed;
Judgewitnessesand jury haveinstead
Of overcomingtheebut shown their rage:
When they aredeadthou'lt live from age to age*.
*In the New Heaven and New Earth. footnote from one edition-
243- Christian is still alive
But as for Christianhe had some respiteandwas remandedback to prison. So he there remained fora space;but He that overrules all thingshaving thepower of their ragein his own handso wrought it aboutthatChristian for that timeescaped themand went his way. And as hewenthe sangsaying--
The song that Christian made of Faithfulafter his death
WellFaithfulthouhast faithfully profest
Unto thy Lord; withwhom thou shalt be blest
When faithless oneswith all their vain delights
Are crying out undertheir hellish plights:
SingFaithfulsingand let thy name survive;
For though they kill'dtheethou art yet alive!
244- Christian has another companion
Now I saw in my dreamthat Christian went notforth alonefor there was one whose name was Hopeful (beingmade soby the beholding of Christian and Faithful intheir words and behaviourin their sufferings at the fair)who joinedhimself unto himandentering into a brotherly covenanttold himthat he would behis companion. Thusone died to beartestimony to the truthand another rises out of his ashesto be acompanion with Christianin his pilgrimage.
There are more ofthe men of the fair will follow
This Hopeful also told Christianthat therewere many moreof the men in the fairthat would take theirtime and follow after.
245- They overtake By-ends
So I saw that quickly after they were got outof the fairthey overtook one that was going before themwhose name was By-ends:so they said to himWhat countrymanSir? andhow far go you this way?He told them that he came from the town ofFair-speechand he was going to the Celestial City (buttold them not his name).
From Fair-speech! said Christian. Isthere any good that lives there?[Prov. 26:25]
BY-ENDS. Yessaid By-endsI hope.
CHR. PraySirwhat may I call you? saidChristian.
By-ends loath to tell his name
BY-ENDS. I am a stranger to youand youto me: if you be goingthis wayI shall be glad of your company; ifnotI must be content.
CHR. This town of Fair-speechsaidChristianI have heard of;andas I rememberthey say it is a wealthyplace.
BY-ENDS. YesI will assure you that itis; and I have very manyrich kindred there.
246- CHR. Praywho are your kindred there? ifa man may be so bold.
BY-ENDS. Almost the whole town; and inparticularmy Lord Turn-aboutmy Lord Time-servermy Lord Fair-speech(fromwhose ancestorsthat town first took its name)also Mr.Smooth-manMr. Facing-both-waysMr. Any-thing; and theparson of our parishMr. Two-tongueswas my mother's own brother byfather's side;and to tell you the truthI am become agentleman of good qualityyet my great-grandfather was but a watermanlooking one wayand rowing anotherand I got most of my estateby the same occupation.
CHR. Are you a married man?
The wife and kindred of By-ends
BY-ENDS. Yesand my wife is a veryvirtuous womanthe daughter of a virtuous woman; she was myLady Feigning's daughtertherefore she came of a very honourable familyand is arrivedto such a pitch of breedingthat she knows howto carry it to alleven to prince and peasant.
WhereBy-ends differs from othersin religion
It is true we somewhatdiffer in religionfrom those of the stricter sortyet but in twosmall points:firstwe never strive against wind and tide;secondlywe are always most zealous when religion goesin his silver slippers;we love much to walk with him in the streetifthe sun shinesand the people applaud him.
247- Then Christian stepped a little aside to hisfellowHopefulsayingIt runs in my mind that this is oneBy-ends of Fair-speech;and if it be hewe have as very a knave in ourcompany as dwellethin all these parts. Then said HopefulAsk him; methinks he should notbe ashamed of his name. So Christian cameup with him againand saidSiryou talk as if you knew something morethan all the world doth;and if I take not my mark amissI deem I havehalf a guess of you:Is not your name Mr. By-endsof Fair-speech?
BY-ENDS. This is not my namebut indeedit is a nick-namethat is given me by some that cannot abide me: and I must be contentto bear it as a reproachas other good menhave borne theirs before me.
247- CHR. But did you never give an occasionto men to call youby this name?
How By-ends got his name
BY-ENDS. Nevernever! The worst thatever I did to give theman occasion to give me this name wasthat Ihad always the luckto jump in my judgment with the present way ofthe timeswhatever it wasand my chance was to getthereby; but if thingsare thus cast upon melet me count themablessing;but let not the malicious load me thereforewith reproach.
248- CHR. I thoughtindeedthat you were theman that I heard of;and to tell you what I thinkI fear this namebelongs to youmore properly than you are willing we shouldthink it doth.
He desires to keep company with Christian
BY-ENDS. Wellif you will thus imagineI cannot help it;you shall find me a fair company-keeperif youwill still admit meyour associate.
CHR. If you will go with usyou must goagainst wind and tide;the whichI perceiveis against your opinion;you must also ownreligion in his ragsas well as when in hissilver slippers;and stand by himtoowhen bound in ironsaswell as whenhe walketh the streets with applause.
BY-ENDS. You must not imposenor lord itover my faith;leave me to my libertyand let me go with you.
CHR. Not a step furtherunless you willdo in what I propound as we.
Then said By-endsI shall never desert my oldprinciplessince they are harmless and profitable. If I may not go with youI must do as I did before you overtook meevengo by myselfuntil some overtake me that will be glad of mycompany.
249- By-ends and Christian part
Now I saw in my dream that Christian andHopeful forsook himand kept their distance before him; but one ofthem looking backsaw three men following Mr. By-endsandbeholdas theycame up with himhe made them a very low congeconge'- ;and they also gave him a compliment.
Hehas new companions
The men's names were Mr. Hold-the-worldMr.Money-loveand Mr. Save-all; men that Mr. By-ends hadformerly beenacquainted with; for in their minority theywere schoolfellowsand were taught by one Mr. Gripe-manaschoolmaster in Love-gainwhich is a market town in the county ofCovetingin the north.This schoolmaster taught them the art ofgettingeither by violencecozenageflatterylyingor by putting on theguise of religion;and these four gentlemen had attained much ofthe art of their masterso that they could each of them have kept sucha school themselves.
250- Wellwhen they hadas I saidthus salutedeach otherMr. Money-love said to Mr. By-endsWho arethey upon the roadbefore us? (for Christian and Hopeful were yetwithin view).
By-ends' character of the pilgrims
BY-ENDS. They are a couple of farcountrymenthatafter their modeare going on pilgrimage.
MONEY-LOVE. Alas! Why did they notstaythat we might have hadtheir good company? for theyand weand youSirI hopeare all going on pilgrimage.
BY-ENDS. We are soindeed; but the menbefore us are so rigidand love so much their own notionsand do alsoso lightly esteemthe opinions of othersthat let a man be neverso godlyyet if he jumps not with them in all thingsthey thrust himquite out of their company.
251- SAVE-ALL. That is badbut we read ofsome that are righteous overmuch;and such men's rigidness prevails with them tojudge and condemnall but themselves. ButI praywhatand how manywere the things wherein you differed?
BY-ENDS. Whytheyafter theirheadstrong mannerconclude that it is duty to rush on theirjourney all weathers;and I am for waiting for wind and tide. They are for hazarding allfor God at a clap; and I am for taking alladvantages to securemy life and estate. They are for holdingtheir notionsthough all other men are against them; but I amfor religion in whatand so far as the timesand my safetywillbear it. They are forreligion when in rags and contempt; but I amfor him when he walksin his golden slippersin the sunshineandwith applause.
252- HOLD-THE-WORLD. Ayand hold you therestillgood Mr. By-ends;forfor my partI can count him but a foolthathaving the libertyto keep what he hasshall be so unwise as tolose it.Let us be wise as serpents; it is best to makehay when the sun shines;you see how the bee lieth still all winterandbestirs her onlywhen she can have profit with pleasure. God sends sometimes rainand sometimes sunshine; if they be such foolsto go through the firstyet let us be content to take fair weatheralong with us. For my partI like that religion best that will stand withthe securityof God's good blessings unto us; for who canimaginethat is ruled by his reasonsince God hasbestowed upon usthe good things of this lifebut that he wouldhave us keep themfor his sake? Abraham and Solomon grewrich in religion.And Job saysthat a good man shall lay up goldas dust.But he must not be such as the men before usif they beas you have described them.
SAVE-ALL. I think that we are all agreedin this matterand therefore there needs no more words aboutit.
MONEY-LOVE. Nothere needs no more wordsabout this matterindeed; for he that believes neither Scripturenor reason(and you see we have both on our side) neitherknows his own libertynor seeks his own safety.
253- BY-ENDS. My brethrenwe areas you seegoing all on pilgrimage;andfor our better diversion from things thatare badgive me leave to propound unto you thisquestion:--
Suppose a mana ministeror a tradesman&c.should havean advantage lie before himto get the goodblessings of this lifeyet so as that he can by no means come by themexceptin appearance at leasthe becomesextraordinarily zealousin some points of religion that he meddled notwith beforemay he not use these means to attain his endand yet bea right honest man?
254- MONEY-LOVE. I see the bottom of yourquestion; andwith these gentlemen's good leaveI willendeavour to shape youan answer. And firstto speak to yourquestion as it concernsa minister himself: Suppose a ministeraworthy manpossessed but of a very small beneficeand hasin his eye a greatermore fatand plump by far; he has also now anopportunityof getting of ityet so as by being morestudiousby preachingmore frequently and zealouslyandbecause thetemper of the peoplerequires itby altering of some of hisprinciples; for my partI see no reason but a man may do this(provided he has a call)ayand more a great deal besidesand yet be anhonest man. For why--
255- 1. His desire of a greater benefice islawful(this cannotbe contradicted)since it is set before him byProvidence; so thenhe may get itif he canmaking no questionfor conscience' sake.
256- 2. Besideshis desire after thatbenefice makes him more studiousa more zealous preacher&c.and so makeshim a better man;yeamakes him better improve his partswhichis according tothe mind of God.
257- 3. Nowas for his complying with thetemper of his peopleby dissentingto serve themsome of hisprinciplesthis argueth(1) That he is of a self-denyingtemper;(2) Of a sweet and winning deportment; and so(3) more fitfor the ministerial function.
258- 4. I concludethenthat a minister thatchanges a small for a greatshould notfor so doingbe judged ascovetous; but rathersince he has improved in his parts and industrytherebybe counted as one that pursues his callandthe opportunityput into his hands to do good.
259- And now to the second part of the questionwhich concernsthe tradesman you mentioned. Suppose sucha one to havebut a poor employ in the worldbut by becomingreligioushe may mend his marketperhaps get a richwifeor more and far bettercustomers to his shop; for my partI see noreason but that thismay be lawfully done. For why--
1. To become religious is a virtuebywhat means soevera man becomes so.
2. Nor is it unlawful to get a rich wifeor more custom to my shop.
3. Besidesthe man that gets these bybecoming religiousgets thatwhich is goodof them that are goodbybecoming good himself;so then here is a good wifeand goodcustomersand good gainand all these by becoming religiouswhich isgood; thereforeto become religiousto get all theseis agood and profitable design.
260- This answerthus made by this Mr. Money-loveto Mr. By-ends's questionwas highly applauded by them all; whereforethey concludedupon the wholethat it was most wholesome andadvantageous.And becauseas they thoughtno man was ableto contradict itand because Christian and Hopeful were yetwithin callthey jointly agreed to assault them with thequestion as soonas they overtook them; and the rather becausethey had opposedMr. By-ends before. So they called afterthemand they stoppedand stood still till they came up to them; butthey concludedas they wentthat not Mr. By-endsbut old Mr.Hold-the-worldshould propound the question to thembecauseas they supposedtheir answer to him would be without theremainder of that heatthat was kindled betwixt Mr. By-ends and themat their partinga little before.
260- So they came up to each otherand after ashort salutationMr. Hold-the-world propounded the question toChristian and his fellowand bid them to answer it if they could.
CHR. Then said ChristianEven a babe inreligion may answerten thousand such questions. For if it beunlawful to follow Christfor loaves(as it is in the sixth of John)how much moreabominable is it to make of him and religion astalking-horseto get and enjoy the world! Nor do wefind any other than heathenshypocritesdevilsand witchesthat are ofthis opinion.
261- 1. Heathens; for when Hamor and Shechemhad a mind to the daughterand cattle of Jacoband saw that there was noway for themto come at thembut by becoming circumcisedthey sayto their companionsIf every male of us becircumcisedas they are circumcisedshall not theircattleand their substanceand every beast of theirsbe ours? Theirdaughter and their cattlewere that which they sought to obtainandtheir religionthe stalking-horse they made use of to come atthem.Read the whole story. [Gen. 34:20-23]
262- 2. The hypocritical Pharisees were alsoof this religion;long prayers were their pretencebut to getwidows' houseswas their intent; and greater damnation wasfrom God their judgment.[Luke 20:46-47]
263- 3. Judas the devil was also of thisreligion; he was religiousfor the bagthat he might be possessed of whatwas therein;but he was lostcast awayand the very son ofperdition.
264- 4. Simon the witch was of this religiontoo; for he would have hadthe Holy Ghostthat he might have got moneytherewith;and his sentence from Peter's mouth wasaccording. [Acts 8:19-22]
265- 5. Neither will it out of my mindbutthat that man thattakes up religion for the worldwill throwaway religion for the world;for so surely as Judas resigned the world inbecoming religiousso surely did he also sell religion and hisMaster for the same.To answer the questionthereforeaffirmativelyas I perceiveyou have doneand to accept ofas authenticsuch answeris both heathenishhypocriticaland devilish;and your reward will beaccording to your works. Then they stoodstaring one upon anotherbut had not wherewith to answer Christian. Hopeful also approved ofthe soundness of Christian's answer; so therewas a great silenceamong them. Mr. By-ends and his companyalso staggered and kept behindthat Christian and Hopeful might outgo them. Then said Christianto his fellowIf these men cannot stand beforethe sentence of menwhat will they do with the sentence of God? And if they are mutewhen dealt with by vessels of claywhat willthey do when they shall berebuked by the flames of a devouring fire?
266- The ease that pilgrims have is but littlein this life
Then Christian and Hopeful outwent them againand went till they cameto a delicate plain called Easewhere theywent with much content;but that plain was but narrowso they werequickly got over it.
Lucre Hill a dangerous hill
Nowat the further side of that plainwas a little hill called Lucreand in thathill a silver minewhich some of them that had formerly gone thatwaybecause of the rarity of ithad turned asideto see; but going too nearthe brink of the pitthe ground beingdeceitful under thembrokeand they were slain; some also had been maimedthereand could notto their dying daybe their own men again.
267- Demas at the Hill Lucre. He calls toChristian and Hopefulto come to him
Then I saw in my dreamthat a little off theroadover against the silver minestood Demas(gentlemanlike)to call to passengers to come and see; who saidto Christianand his fellowHo! turn aside hitherand Iwill show you a thing.
CHR. What thing so deserving as to turnus out of the way to see it?
DEMAS. Here is a silver mineand somedigging in it for treasure.If you will comewith a little pains you mayrichly providefor yourselves.
268- Hopeful tempted to gobut Christian holdshim back
Hope. Then said HopefulLet us go see.
CHR. Not Isaid ChristianI have heardof this place before now;and how many have there been slain; and besidesthattreasure is a snare to those that seek it; forit hindereth themin their pilgrimage. Then Christiancalled to DemassayingIs not the place dangerous? Hath it nothindered manyin their pilgrimage? [Hos. 14:8]
DEMAS. Not very dangerousexcept tothose that are careless(but withalhe blushed as he spake).
CHR. Then said Christian to HopefulLetus not stir a stepbut still keep on our way.
HOPE. I will warrant youwhen By-endscomes upif he haththe same invitation as wehe will turn inthither to see.
CHR. No doubt thereoffor his principleslead him that wayand a hundred to one but he dies there.
DEMAS. Then Demas called againsayingBut will you notcome over and see?
269- Christian roundeth up Demas
CHR. Then Christian roundly answeredsayingDemasthou art an enemy to the right ways of the Lordof this wayand hast been already condemned for thine ownturning asideby one of His Majesty's judges [2 Tim. 4:10];and why seekest thouto bring us into the like condemnation? Besidesif we at allturn asideour Lord and King will certainlyhear thereofand will there put us to shamewhere we wouldstand with boldnessbefore him.
Demas cried againthat he also was one oftheir fraternity;and that if they would tarry a littlehe alsohimselfwould walk with them.
270- CHR. Then said ChristianWhat is thyname? Is it not the sameby the which I have called thee?
DEMAS. Yesmy name is Demas; I am theson of Abraham.
CHR. I know you; Gehazi was yourgreat-grandfatherand Judas your father; and you have trod intheir steps.[2 Kings 5:20Matt. 26:141527:1-5] Itis but a devilish prankthat thou usest; thy father was hanged for atraitorand thou deservest no better reward. Assure thyselfthat when we come to the Kingwe will do himword of thisthy behaviour. Thus they went their way.
271- By-ends goes over to Demas
By this time By-ends and his companions werecome again within sightand theyat the first beckwent over toDemas. Nowwhether they fell into the pit by looking overthe brink thereofor whether they went down to digor whetherthey were smotheredin the bottom by the damps that commonly ariseof these thingsI am not certain; but this I observedthatthey never were seen againin the way. Then sang Christian--
By-ends and silverDemas both agree;
One callsthe otherrunsthat he may be
A sharer in his lucre;so these do
Take up in this worldand no further go.
272- They see a strange monument
Now I saw thatjust on the other side of thisplainthe pilgrims came to a place where stood an oldmonumenthard by the highway sideat the sight of whichthey wereboth concernedbecause of the strangeness ofthe form thereof;for it seemed to them as if it had been a womantransformedinto the shape of a pillar; herethereforethey stood lookingand looking upon itbut could not for a timetell whatthey should make thereof. At last Hopefulespied written abovethe head thereofa writing in an unusual hand;but he being no scholarcalled to Christian (for he was learned) to seeif he could pick outthe meaning; so he cameand after a littlelaying of letters togetherhe found the same to be this"RememberLot's Wife". So he read itto his fellow; after which they both concludedthat that wasthe pillar of salt into which Lot's wife wasturnedfor her looking back with a covetous heartwhen she was goingfrom Sodom for safety. [Gen. 19:26] Which sudden and amazing sightgave them occasion of this discourse.
273- CHR. Ahmy brother! this is a seasonablesight;it came opportunely to us after the invitationwhich Demas gave usto come over to view the Hill Lucre; and had wegone overas he desired usand as thou wast inclining todomy brotherwe hadfor aught I knowbeen made ourselveslike this womana spectacle for those that shall come after tobehold.
HOPE. I am sorry that I was so foolishand am made to wonderthat I am not now as Lot's wife; for whereinwas the difference betwixther sin and mine? She only looked back;and I had a desire to go see.Let grace be adoredand let me be ashamed thatever such a thingshould be in mine heart.
274- CHR. Let us take notice of what we seeherefor our helpfor time to come. This woman escaped onejudgmentfor she fell not by the destruction of Sodom;yet she was destroyedby anotheras we see she is turned into apillar of salt.
HOPE. True; and she may be to us bothcaution and example;cautionthat we should shun her sin; or a signof what judgmentwill overtake such as shall not be prevented bythis caution;so KorahDathanand Abiramwith the twohundred and fifty menthat perished in their sindid also become asign or example to othersto beware. [Num. 26:910] But aboveallI muse at one thingto withow Demas and his fellows can stand soconfidently yonder to look forthat treasurewhich this womanbut forlooking behind her after(for we read not that she stepped one foot outof the way) was turnedinto a pillar of salt; especially since thejudgment which overtook herdid make her an examplewithin sight of wherethey are;for they cannot choose but see herdid theybut lift up their eyes.
275- CHR. It is a thing to be wondered atandit argueth thattheir hearts are grown desperate in the case;and I cannot tell whoto compare them to so fitlyas to them thatpick pocketsin the presence of the judgeor that will cutpurses under the gallows.It is said of the men of Sodomthat they weresinners exceedinglybecause they were sinners before the Lordthatisin his eyesightand notwithstanding the kindnesses that he hadshowed them [Gen. 13:13];for the land of Sodom was now like the gardenof Eden heretofore.[Gen. 13:10] Thisthereforeprovokedhim the more to jealousyand made their plague as hot as the fire of theLord out of heavencould make it. And it is most rationallyto be concludedthat sucheven such as these arethat shall sin in thesightyeaand that too in despite of such examples thatare set continuallybefore themto caution them to the contrarymust be partakersof severest judgments.
HOPE. Doubtless thou hast said the truth;but what a mercy is itthat neither thoubut especially Iam notmade myself this example!This ministereth occasion to us to thank Godto fear before himand always to remember Lot's wife.
276- A river
I sawthenthat they went on their way to apleasant river;which David the king called "the river ofGod"but John"the river of the water of life". [Ps. 65:9Rev. 22Ezek. 47]Now their way lay just upon the bank of theriver; herethereforeChristian and his companion walked with greatdelight;they drank also of the water of the riverwhich was pleasantand enlivening to their weary spirits:
Trees by the river.The fruit and leaves of the tree
besideson the banks of this riveron either sidewere green treesthat bore allmanner of fruit;and the leaves of the trees were good formedicine;with the fruit of these trees they were alsomuch delighted;and the leaves they eat to prevent surfeitsand other diseasesthat are incident to those that heat theirblood by travels.
A meadow in which they lie down to sleep
On either side of the riverwas also a meadowcuriously beautified withliliesand it was greenall the year long. In this meadow theylay downand slept;for here they might lie down safely. Whenthey awokethey gathered again of the fruit of the treesand drank againof the water of the riverand then lay downagain to sleep.[Ps. 23:2Isa. 14:30] Thus they didseveral days and nights.Then they sang--
Behold ye howthese crystal streams do glide
To comfortpilgrims by the highway side;
The meadowsgreenbeside their fragrant smell
Yield daintiesfor them; and he that can tell
What pleasantfruityealeavesthese trees do yield
Will soon sellallthat he may buy this field.
So when they were disposed to go on(for theywere notas yetat their journey's end) they ate and drankand departed.
277- By-path Meadow
NowI beheld in my dreamthat they had notjourneyed farbut the river and the way for a time parted; atwhich they were nota little sorry; yet they durst not go out ofthe way.Now the way from the river was roughand theirfeet tenderby reason of their travels; so the souls of thepilgrimswere much discouraged because of the way. [Num. 21:4] Whereforestill as they went onthey wished for betterway. Nowa little before themthere was on the lefthand of the road a meadowand a stile to go over into it; and that meadowis calledBy-path Meadow.
One temptation doesmake way for another
Then saidChristian to his fellowIf this meadow liethalong by our waysidelet us go over into it. Then he went tothe stile to seeand beholda path lay along by the wayon the other sideof the fence.It is according to my wishsaid Christian. Here is the easiest going;comegood Hopefuland let us go over.
278- HOPE. But how if this path should lead usout of the way?
Strong Christians may lead weak ones out ofthe way
CHR. That is not likesaid the other. Lookdoth it not go alongby the wayside? So Hopefulbeingpersuaded by his fellowwent after him over the stile.
Seewhat it is too suddenlyto fall in with strangers
When theywere gone overand were got into the paththey found it veryeasy for their feet;and withaltheylooking before themespied aman walking as they did(and his name was Vain-confidence); so theycalled after himand asked him whither that way led. HesaidTo the Celestial Gate.Looksaid Christiandid not I tell you so? By this you may seewe are right. So they followedand hewent before them.Butbeholdthe night came onand it grewvery dark;so that they that were behind lost the sight ofhim that went before.
279- A pit to catch the vain-glorious in
Hethereforethat went before(Vain-confidence by name)not seeing the way before himfell into a deeppit [Isa. 9:16]which was on purpose there madeby the Princeof those groundsto catch vain-glorious fools withaland wasdashed in pieceswith his fall.
280- Reasoning between Christian and Hopeful
Now Christian and his fellow heard him fall. So they called to knowthe matterbut there was none to answeronlythey heard a groaning.Then said HopefulWhere are we now? Thenwas his fellow silentas mistrusting that he had led him out of theway; and now it beganto rainand thunderand lighten in a verydreadful manner;and the water rose amain.
Then Hopeful groaned in himselfsayingOhthat I had kept on my way!
281- CHR. Who could have thought that thispath should have led usout of the way?
HOPE. I was afraid on it at the veryfirstand therefore gave youthat gentle caution. I would have spokenplainerbut that youare older than I.
Christian's repentance for leading of hisbrother out of the way
CHR. Good brotherbe not offended; I amsorry I have brought theeout of the wayand that I have put thee intosuch imminent danger;praymy brotherforgive me; I did not do itof an evil intent.
HOPE. Be comfortedmy brotherfor Iforgive thee; and believetoothat this shall be for our good.
CHR. I am glad I have with me a mercifulbrother; but we must notstand thus: let us try to go back again.
HOPE. Butgood brotherlet me gobefore.
CHR. Noif you pleaselet me go firstthat if there be any dangerI may be first thereinbecause by my means weare both gone outof the way.
282- They are in danger of drowning as they goback
HOPE. Nosaid Hopefulyou shall not gofirst; for your mindbeing troubled may lead you out of the wayagain. Thenfor their encouragementthey heard the voiceof one saying"Set thine heart toward the highwayeventhe way which thou wentest;turn again." [Jer. 31:21] Butby this time the waterswere greatly risenby reason of which the wayof going backwas very dangerous. (Then I thought thatit is easier going outof the waywhen we are inthan going in whenwe are out.)Yet they adventured to go backbut it was sodarkand the flood was so highthat in their goingback they had liketo have been drowned nine or ten times.
283- They sleep in the grounds of Giant Despair
Neither could theywith all the skill theyhadget again to the stilethat night. Whereforeat lastlightingunder a little shelterthey sat down there until the daybreak; butbeing wearythey fell asleep.
He finds them inhis groundsand carries themto Doubting Castle
Now there wasnotfar from the placewhere they laya castle called DoubtingCastlethe owner whereofwas Giant Despair; and it was in his groundsthey now were sleeping:wherefore hegetting up in the morning earlyand walking up and downin his fieldscaught Christian and Hopefulasleep in his grounds.Thenwith a grim and surly voicehe bid themawake; and asked themwhence they wereand what they did in hisgrounds. They told himthey were pilgrimsand that they had losttheir way.Then said the GiantYou have this nighttrespassed on meby trampling in and lying on my groundsandtherefore you must go alongwith me. So they were forced to gobecause he was stronger than they.They also had but little to sayfor they knewthemselves in a fault.
The grievousness of their imprisonment
The Giantthereforedrove them before himand put them into hiscastleinto a very dark dungeonnasty and stinking tothe spirits of thesetwo men. [Ps. 88:18] Herethenthey lay from Wednesday morningtill Saturday nightwithout one bit of breador drop of drinkor lightor any to ask how they did; theywerethereforehere in evil caseand were far from friendsand acquaintance.Now in this place Christian had double sorrowbecause it was throughhis unadvised counsel that they were broughtinto this distress.
The pilgrims nowtogratify the flesh
Will seek its ease;but oh! how they afresh
Do thereby plungethemselves new griefs into!
Who seek to please thefleshthemselves undo.
284- On ThursdayGiant Despair beats hisprisoners
NowGiant Despair had a wifeand her name wasDiffidence.So when he was gone to bedhe told his wifewhat he had done; to witthat he had taken a couple of prisoners andcast them into his dungeonfor trespassing on his grounds. Then heasked her also what hehad best to do further to them. So sheasked him what they werewhence they cameand whither they were bound;and he told her.Then she counselled him that when he arose inthe morninghe should beat them without any mercy. Sowhen he arosehe getteth him a grievous crab-tree cudgelandgoes down intothe dungeon to themand there first falls torating of themas if they were dogsalthough they never gavehim a word of distaste.Then he falls upon themand beats themfearfullyin such sort thatthey were not able to help themselvesor toturn them upon the floor.This donehe withdraws and leaves them thereto condole their miseryand to mourn under their distress. So allthat day they spent the timein nothing but sighs and bitter lamentations. The next nightshetalking with her husband about them furtherand understanding they wereyet alivedid advise him to counsel them tomake away themselves.
On FridayGiant Despair counsels them tokill themselves
So when morning was comehe goes to them in asurly manner as beforeand perceiving them to be very sore with thestripes that he hadgiven them the day beforehe told themthatsince they werenever like to come out of that placetheironly way would be forthwithto make an end of themselveseither withknifehalteror poisonfor whysaid heshould you choose lifeseeing it is attendedwith so much bitterness? But they desiredhim to let them go.
The giant sometimes has fits
Withthat he looked ugly upon themandrushing to themhad doubtless made an endof them himselfbut that he fell into one of his fits(for hesometimesin sunshiny weatherfell into fits)and lostfor a time the useof his hand; wherefore he withdrewand leftthem as beforeto considerwhat to do. Then did the prisonersconsult between themselveswhether it was best to take his counsel or no;and thus they beganto discourse:--
285- Christian crushed
CHR. Brothersaid Christianwhat shallwe do? The life thatwe now live is miserable. For my part Iknow not whether is bestto live thusor to die out of hand. "Mysoul chooseth stranglingrather than life"and the grave is moreeasy for me than this dungeon.[Job 7:15] Shall we be ruled by theGiant?
286- Hopeful comforts him
HOPE. Indeedour present condition isdreadfuland death would befar more welcome to me than thus for ever toabide; but yetlet us considerthe Lord of the country towhich we are goinghath saidThou shalt do no murder: nonot to another man's person;much morethenare we forbidden to take hiscounsel to kill ourselves.Besideshe that kills anothercan but commitmurder upon his body;but for one to kill himself is to kill body andsoul at once.Andmoreovermy brotherthou talkest of easein the grave;but hast thou forgotten the hellfor certainthe murderers go?"For no murderer hath eternal life"&c. And let us consideragainthat all the law is not in the hand of GiantDespair. Othersso far as I can understandhave been taken byhimas well as we;and yet have escaped out of his hand. Whoknowsbut the Godthat made the world may cause that GiantDespair may die? or thatat some time or otherhe may forget to lock usin? or that he mayin a short timehave another of his fitsbefore usand may losethe use of his limbs? and if ever that shouldcome to pass againfor my partI am resolved to pluck up theheart of a manand to try my utmost to get from under hishand. I was a foolthat I did not try to do it before; buthowevermy brotherlet us be patientand endure a while. The time may comethat may give us a happy release; but let usnot be our own murderers.With these words Hopeful at present didmoderate the mindof his brother; so they continued together (inthe dark) that dayin their sad and doleful condition.
287- Welltowards eveningthe Giant goes down intothe dungeon againto see if his prisoners had taken his counsel;but when he came therehe found them alive; and trulyalive was all;for nowwhat for want of bread and waterand by reasonof the woundsthey received when he beat themthey could dolittle but breathe.ButI sayhe found them alive; at which hefell into a grievous rageand told them thatseeing they had disobeyedhis counselit should be worse with them than if they hadnever been born.
288- Christian still dejected
At this they trembled greatlyand I think thatChristianfell into a swoon; butcoming a little tohimself againthey renewed their discourse about the Giant'scounsel; and whether yetthey had best to take it or no. NowChristian again seemed to befor doing itbut Hopeful made his second replyas followeth:--
289- Hopeful comforts him againby callingformer things to remembrance
HOPE. My brothersaid herememberestthou not how valiantthou hast been heretofore? Apollyon couldnot crush theenor could all that thou didst hearor seeorfeelin the Valley of the Shadow of Death. What hardshipterrorand amazement hast thou already gone through! And art thou nownothing but fear! Thou seest that I am inthe dungeon with theea far weaker man by nature than thou art; alsothis Giant has woundedme as well as theeand hath also cut off thebread and waterfrom my mouth; and with thee I mourn withoutthe light.But let us exercise a little more patience;remember how thouplayedst the man at Vanity Fairand wastneither afraid of the chainnor cagenor yet of bloody death. Wherefore let us (at leastto avoid the shamethat becomes not aChristian to be found in)bear up with patience as well as we can.
290- Nownight being come againand the Giant andhis wife being in bedshe asked him concerning the prisonersand ifthey had takenhis counsel. To which he repliedTheyare sturdy roguesthey choose rather to bear all hardshipthanto make away themselves.Then said sheTake them into the castle-yardto-morrowand show themthe bones and skulls of those that thou hastalready despatchedand make them believeere a week comes to anendthou also wilttear them in piecesas thou hast done theirfellows before them.
291- On Saturdaythe Giant threatened thatshortly he wouldpull them in pieces
So when the morning was comethe Giant goes tothem againand takes them into the castle-yardand showsthemas his wifehad bidden him. Thesesaid hewerepilgrims as you areonceand they trespassed in my groundsas you havedone;and when I thought fitI tore them in piecesand sowithin ten daysI will do you. Goget you down to your denagain; and with thathe beat them all the way thither. Theylaythereforeall day on Saturday in a lamentable caseasbefore. Nowwhen night was comeand when Mrs. Diffidenceand her husbandthe Giantwere got to bedthey began to renewtheir discourseof their prisoners; and withal the old Giantwonderedthat he could neither by his blows nor hiscounsel bring them to an end.And with that his wife repliedI fearsaidshethat they live in hopethat some will come to relieve themor thatthey have picklocksabout themby the means of which they hope toescape.And sayest thou somy dear? said the Giant; Iwillthereforesearch them in the morning.
292- Wellon Saturdayabout midnightthey beganto prayand continued in prayer till almost break ofday.
A key in Christian's bosomcalled Promiseopens any lockin Doubting Castle
Nowa little before it was daygoodChristianas one half amazedbrake out in this passionate speech:-- What a foolquoth heam Ithus to lie in a stinking dungeonwhen I mayas well walk at liberty!I have a key in my bosomcalled PromisethatwillI am persuadedopen any lock in Doubting Castle. Thensaid HopefulThat is good newsgood brother; pluck it outof thy bosomand try.
293- Then Christian pulled it out of his bosomandbegan to tryat the dungeon doorwhose bolt (as he turnedthe key) gave backand the door flew open with easeand Christianand Hopefulboth came out. Then he went to theoutward door that leads intothe castle-yardandwith his keyopened thatdoor also.Afterhe went to the iron gatefor that mustbe opened too;but that lock went damnable hardyet the keydid open it.Then they thrust open the gate to make theirescape with speedbut that gateas it openedmade such acreakingthat it wakedGiant Despairwhohastily rising to pursuehis prisonersfelt his limbs to failfor his fits took himagainso that he could by no means go after them. Then they went onand came to the King's highwayand so weresafebecause they wereout of his jurisdiction.
294- A pillar erected by Christian and hisfellow
Nowwhen they were over the stilethey beganto contrivewith themselves what they should do at thatstile to prevent thosethat should come after from falling into thehands of Giant Despair.So they consented to erect there a pillarandto engrave uponthe side thereof this sentence--"Over thisstile is the wayto Doubting Castlewhich is kept by GiantDespairwho despiseth the King of the CelestialCountryand seeks to destroyhis holy pilgrims." Manythereforethat followed afterread what was writtenand escaped the danger. This donethey sang as follows:--
Out of the way wewentand then we found
What 'twas to treadupon forbidden ground;
And let them that comeafter have a care
Lest heedlessnessmakes themas weto fare.
Lest they fortrespassing his prisoners are
Whose castle'sDoubtingand whose name's Despair.
295- The Delectable Mountains
They went then till they came to the DelectableMountainswhich mountains belong to the Lord of that hillof whichwe have spoken before; so they went up to themountainsto behold the gardens and orchardsthevineyards and fountainsof water; where also they drank and washedthemselvesand did freely eat of the vineyards.
They are refreshedin the mountains
Now there were onthe tops of these mountainsShepherds feeding their flocksand they stoodby the highway side.
Talk with the Shepherds
ThePilgrims therefore went to themand leaning upon their staves(as is commonwith weary pilgrimswhen they stand to talk with any by the way)they askedWhose Delectable Mountains are these? Andwhose be the sheepthat feed upon them?
Mountains delectablethey now ascend
Where Shepherds bewhich to them do commend
Alluring thingsandthings that cautious are
Pilgrims are steadykept by faith and fear.
296- SHEP. These mountains are Immanuel'sLandand they are within sightof his city; and the sheep also are hisand helaid down his lifefor them. [John 10:11]
CHR. Is this the way to the CelestialCity?
SHEP. You are just in your way.
CHR. How far is it thither?
SHEP. Too far for any but those thatshall get thither indeed.
CHR. Is the way safe or dangerous?
SHEP. Safe for those for whom it is to besafe; but the transgressorsshall fall therein. [Hos. 14:9]
CHR. Is therein this placeany relieffor pilgrimsthat are weary and faint in the way?
SHEP. The Lord of these mountains hathgiven us a charge not to beforgetful to entertain strangerstherefore thegood of the placeis before you. [Heb. 13:1-2]
297- The Shepherds welcome them
I saw also in my dreamthat when the Shepherdsperceivedthat they were wayfaring menthey also putquestions to themto which they made answer as in other places;asWhence came you?andHow got you into the way? andBy whatmeans have youso persevered therein? For but few ofthem that begin to come hitherdo show their face on these mountains. But when the Shepherds heardtheir answersbeing pleased therewiththeylooked very lovinglyupon themand saidWelcome to the DelectableMountains.
298- The names of the Shepherds
The ShepherdsI saywhose names wereKnowledgeExperienceWatchfuland Sinceretook them by the handand hadthem to their tentsand made them partake of that which was readyat present.They saidmoreoverWe would that ye shouldstay here awhileto be acquainted with us; and yet more tosolace yourselveswith the good of these Delectable Mountains. They then told themthat they were content to stay; so they went totheir rest that nightbecause it was very late.
299- They are shown wonders
Then I saw in my dreamthat in the morning theShepherds called upto Christian and Hopeful to walk with them uponthe mountains;so they went forth with themand walked awhilehaving a pleasant prospect on every side. Then said the Shepherdsone to anotherShall we show these pilgrimssome wonders?
The Mountain of Error
So whenthey had concluded to do itthey had them first to the top of a hill calledErrorwhich was very steep on the furthest sideandbid them look downto the bottom. So Christian and Hopefullooked downand saw at the bottom several men dashed all topieces by a fallthat they had from the top. Then saidChristianWhat meaneth this?The Shepherds answeredHave you not heard ofthem that were made to errby hearkening to Hymeneus and Philetus asconcerning the faithof the resurrection of the body? [2 Tim.2:1718] They answeredYes.Then said the ShepherdsThose that you see liedashed in piecesat the bottom of this mountain are they; andthey have continuedto this day unburiedas you seefor anexample to othersto take heed how they clamber too highor howthey come too nearthe brink of this mountain.
300- Mount Caution
Then I saw that they had them to the top ofanother mountainand the name of that is Cautionand bid themlook afar off;whichwhen they didthey perceivedas theythoughtseveral men walking up and down among the tombsthat were there;and they perceived that the men were blindbecause theystumbled sometimes upon the tombsand becausethey could not get outfrom among them. Then said ChristianWhat means this?
301- The Shepherds then answeredDid you not see alittle belowthese mountains a stilethat led into ameadowon the left handof this way? They answeredYes. Then said the ShepherdsFrom that stile there goes a path that leadsdirectlyto Doubting Castlewhich is kept by GiantDespairand thesepointing to them among the tombscame once onpilgrimageas you do noweven till they came to that samestile;and because the right way was rough in thatplacethey chose to goout of it into that meadowand there weretaken by Giant Despairand cast into Doubting Castle; whereafterthey had been a whilekept in the dungeonhe at last did put outtheir eyesand led them among those tombswhere he hasleft them to wanderto this very daythat the saying of the wiseman might be fulfilled"He that wandereth out of the way ofunderstandingshall remain inthe congregation of the dead." [Pro.21:16] Then Christian and Hopefullooked upon one anotherwith tears gushingoutbut yet said nothingto the Shepherds.
302- A by-way to hell
Then I saw in my dreamthat the Shepherds hadthem to another placein a bottomwhere was a door in the side of ahilland they opened the doorand bid them lookin. They looked inthereforeand saw that within it was very darkand smoky;they also thought that they heard there arumbling noise as of fireand a cry of some tormentedand that theysmelt the scent of brimstone.Then said ChristianWhat means this? TheShepherds told themThis is a by-way to hella way that hypocritesgo in at; namelysuch as sell their birthrightwith Esau; suchas sell their masterwith Judas; such as blaspheme the gospelwithAlexander;and that lie and dissemblewith Ananias andSapphira his wife.Then said Hopeful to the ShepherdsI perceivethat these had on themeven every onea show of pilgrimageas wehave now; had they not?
303- SHEP. Yesand held it a long time too.
HOPE. How far might they go on inpilgrimage in their daysince they notwithstanding were thus miserablycast away?
SHEP. Some furtherand some not so faras these mountains.
Then said the Pilgrims one to anotherWe haveneed to cry to the Strongfor strength.
SHEP. Ayand you will have need to useitwhen you have ittoo.
304- The Shepherds' perspective glass
By this time the Pilgrims had a desire to goforwardand the Shepherds a desire they should; so theywalked togethertowards the end of the mountains. Thensaid the Shepherdsone to anotherLet us here show to thePilgrims the gatesof the Celestial Cityif they have skill tolook throughour perspective glass.
The Pilgrims thenlovingly accepted the motion; so they had themto the topof a high hillcalled Clearand gave themtheir glass to look.
305- The fruits of servile fear
Then they essayed to lookbut the remembranceof that last thingthat the Shepherds had shown themmade theirhands shake;by means of which impedimentthey could notlook steadilythrough the glass; yet they thought they sawsomething like the gateand also some of the glory of the place. Then they went awayand sang this song--
Thusby theShepherdssecrets are reveal'd
Which from all othermen are kept conceal'd.
Come to the Shepherdsthenif you would see
Things deepthingshidand that mysterious be.
306- A twofold caution
When they were about to departone of theShepherds gave them a noteof the way. Another of them bid thembeware of the Flatterer.The third bid them take heed that they sleepnot uponthe Enchanted Ground. And the fourth bidthem God-speed.So I awoke from my dream.
307- The Country of Conceitout of which cameIgnorance
And I sleptand dreamed againand saw thesame two Pilgrimsgoing down the mountains along the highwaytowards the city.Nowa little below these mountainson theleft handlieth the country of Conceit; from whichcountry there comesinto the way in which the Pilgrims walkedalittle crooked lane.Herethereforethey met with a very briskladthat came outof that country; and his name was Ignorance. So Christian asked himfrom what parts he cameand whither he wasgoing.
308- Christian and Ignorance have some talk
IGNOR. SirI was born in the countrythat lieth off therea little on the left handand I am going tothe Celestial City.
CHR. But how do you think to get in atthe gate? for you may findsome difficulty there.
IGNOR. As other people dosaid he.
CHR. But what have you to show at thatgatethat may causethat the gate should be opened to you?
The ground of Ignorance's hope
IGNOR. I know my Lord's willand I havebeen a good liver;I pay every man his own; I prayfastpaytithesand give almsand have left my country for whither I amgoing.
309- CHR. But thou camest not in at thewicket-gate that is at the headof this way; thou camest in hither through thatsame crooked laneand thereforeI fearhowever thou mayestthink of thyselfwhen the reckoning day shall comethou wilthave laid to thy chargethat thou art a thief and a robberinstead ofgetting admittanceinto the city.
He saith to every one that he is a fool
IGNOR. Gentlemenye be utter strangersto meI know you not;be content and follow the religion of yourcountryand I will followthe religion of mine. I hope all will bewell. And as for the gatethat you talk ofall the world knows that thatis a great way offof our country. I cannot think that anyman in all our partsdoth so much as know the way to itnor needthey matterwhether they do or nosince we haveas youseea finepleasant green lanethat comes down from ourcountrythe next way into the way.
310- How to carry it to a fool
When Christian saw that the man was "wisein his own conceit"he said to Hopefulwhisperingly"Thereis more hope of a fool thanof him." [Prov. 26:12] Andsaidmoreover"When he that is a foolwalketh by the wayhis wisdom faileth himandhe saith to every onethat he is a fool." [Eccl. 10:3] Whatshall we talk further with himor out-go him at presentand so leave him tothink of whathe hath heard alreadyand then stop again forhim afterwardsand see if by degrees we can do any good tohim? Then said Hopeful--
Let Ignorance a littlewhile now muse
On what is saidandlet him not refuse
Good counsel toembracelest he remain
Still ignorant ofwhat's the chiefest gain.
God saiththose thatno understanding have
Although he made themthem he will not save.
HOPE. He further addedIt is not goodIthinkto say all to himat once; let us pass him byif you willandtalk to him anoneven as he is able to bear it.
311- The destruction of one Turn-away
So they both went onand Ignorance he cameafter. Now when they hadpassed him a little waythey entered into avery dark lanewhere they met a man whom seven devils hadbound withseven strong cordsand were carrying of himback to the doorthat they saw on the side of the hill. [Matt. 12:45Prov. 5:22]Now good Christian began to trembleand so didHopeful his companion;yet as the devils led away the manChristianlooked to seeif he knew him; and he thought it might be oneTurn-awaythat dwelt in the town of Apostasy. Buthe did not perfectly seehis facefor he did hang his head like a thiefthat is found.But being once pastHopeful looked after himand espied on his backa paper with this inscription"Wantonprofessor and damnable apostate".
Christian telleth his companion a story ofLittle-faith
Then said Christian to his fellowNow I callto remembrancethat which was told me of a thing that happenedto a good man hereabout.The name of the man was Little-faithbut agood manand he dweltin the town of Sincere. The thing wasthis:-- At the entering inat this passage
therecomes down from Broad-way Gate
Dead Man's Lane
a lane called DeadMan's Lane; so called because ofthe murders that are commonly done there; andthis Little-faithgoing on pilgrimageas we do nowchanced tosit down thereand slept.Now there happenedat that timeto come downthe lanefrom Broad-way Gatethree sturdy roguesandtheir nameswere Faint-heartMistrustand Guilt(threebrothers)and they espying Little-faithwhere he wascame galloping upwith speed. Now the good man was justawake from his sleepand was getting up to go on his journey. So they came up all to himand with threatening language bid him stand. At thisLittle-faith looked as white as a cloutandhad neither power to fightnor fly.
Little-faith robbed byFaint-heartMistrust and Guilt
Then said Faint-heartDeliver thy purse.
They got away his silverand knocked him down
But he making nohaste to do it(for he was loath to lose his money)Mistrustran up to himand thrusting his hand into his pocketpulledout thencea bag of silver. Then he cried outThieves! Thieves! With that Guiltwith a great club that was in his handstruckLittle-faith on the headand with that blow felled him flat to thegroundwhere he lay bleedingas one that would bleed to death. Allthis while the thieves stood by.Butat lastthey hearing that some were uponthe roadand fearing lest it should be one Great-gracethat dwells in the cityof Good-confidencethey betook themselves totheir heelsand left this good man to shift for himself. Nowafter a whileLittle-faith came to himselfand getting upmade shiftto scrabble on his way. This was thestory.
312- HOPE. But did they take from him all thatever he had?
Little-faith lost not his best things
Chr. No; the place where his jewels were theynever ransackedso those he kept still. Butas I wastoldthe good manwas much afflicted for his lossfor thethieves got most ofhis spending-money.
Little-faithforced to beg to his journey's end
That which they got not (as I said) werejewelsalso he hada little odd money leftbut scarce enough tobring him tohis journey's end [1 Peter 4:18]; nayif I wasnot misinformedhe was forced to beg as he wentto keephimself alive;for his jewels he might not sell. Butbegand do what he couldhe went (as we say) with many a hungry bellythe most partof the rest of the way.
313- HOPE. But is it not a wonder they got notfrom him his certificateby which he was to receive his admittance atthe Celestial Gate?
He kept not his best things by his owncunning. [2 Tim. 1:14]
CHR. It is a wonder; but they got notthatthough they missed itnot through any good cunning of his; for hebeing dismayed withtheir coming upon himhad neither power norskill to hide anything;so it was more by good Providence than by hisendeavourthat they missed of that good thing.
314- HOPE. But it must needs be a comfort tohimthat they got nothis jewels from him.
CHR. It might have been great comfort tohimhad he used itas he should; but they that told me the storysaidthat he madebut little use of it all the rest of the wayand that becauseof the dismay that he had in the taking awayhis money; indeedhe forgot it a great part of the rest of hisjourney; and besideswhen at any time it came into his mindand hebegan to becomforted therewiththen would fresh thoughtsof his loss come againupon himand those thoughts would swallow upall. [1 Peter 1:9]
315- He is pitied by both
HOPE. Alas! poor man! This could not butbe a great grief to him.
CHR. Grief! aya grief indeed. Would itnot have been so to any of ushad we been used as heto be robbedandwounded tooand that in a strange placeas he was? It is a wonder he did notdie with griefpoor heart! I was toldthat he scattered almostall the rest of the way with nothing butdoleful and bitter complaints;telling also to all that overtook himor thathe overtook in the wayas he wentwhere he was robbedand how; whothey were that did itand what he lost; how he was woundedand thathe hardly escapedwith his life.
316- HOPE. But it is a wonder that hisnecessity did not put him uponselling or pawning some of his jewelsthat hemight have wherewithto relieve himself in his journey.
Christian snubbeth his fellow for unadvisedspeaking
CHR. Thou talkest like one upon whosehead is the shellto this very day; for what should he pawn themor to whomshould he sell them? In all that countrywhere he was robbedhis jewels were not accounted of; nor did hewant that reliefwhich could from thence be administered tohim. Besideshad his jewels been missing at the gate of theCelestial Cityhe had (and that he knew well enough) beenexcluded froman inheritance there; and that would have beenworse to himthan the appearance and villainy of tenthousand thieves.
317- HOPE. Why art thou so tartmy brother? Esau sold his birthrightand that for a mess of pottageand thatbirthright washis greatest jewel; and if hewhy might notLittle-faith do so too?[Heb. 12:16]
A discourse about Esau and Little-faith
CHR. Esau did sell his birthright indeedand so do many besidesand by so doing exclude themselves from thechief blessingas also that caitiff did; but you must put adifference betwixtEsau and Little-faithand also betwixt theirestates.
Esau was ruled by his lusts
Esau's birthright was typicalbut Little-faith's jewels were not so; Esau'sbelly was his godbut Little-faith's belly was not so; Esau'swant layin his fleshly appetiteLittle-faith's did notso. BesidesEsau could see no further than to thefulfilling of his lusts;"BeholdI am at the point to die(saidhe)and what profitshall this birthright do me?" [Gen.25:32] But Little-faiththough it was his lot to have but a littlefaithwas by hislittle faith kept from such extravagancesandmade to see and prizehis jewels more than to sell themas Esau didhis birthright.
Esau never had faith
You read notanywhere that Esau had faithnonot so much as a little; thereforeno marvelifwhere the flesh onlybears sway(as it will in that man where nofaith is to resist)if he sells his birthrightand his soul andalland that tothe devil of hell; for it is with suchas itis with the asswho in her occasions cannot be turned away. [Jer. 2:24]When their minds are set upon their luststheywill have themwhatever they cost.
Little-faithcould not live upon Esau's pottage
But Little-faith was of another temperhismind was on things divine;his livelihood was upon things that werespiritualand from above;thereforeto what end should he that is ofsuch a tempersell his jewels (had there been any that wouldhave bought them)to fill his mind with empty things?
Acomparison betweenthe turtle-dove and the crow
Will aman give a penny to fill his bellywith hay; or can you persuade the turtle-doveto live upon carrionlike the crow? Though faithless ones canfor carnal lustspawnor mortgageor sell what they haveandthemselves outright to boot;yet they that have faithsaving faiththoughbut a little of itcannot do so. Herethereforemybrotheris thy mistake.
318- HOPE. I acknowledge it; but yet yoursevere reflectionhad almost made me angry.
CHR. WhyI did but compare thee to someof the birds that areof the brisker sortwho will run to and fro inuntrodden pathswith the shell upon their heads; but pass bythatand considerthe matter under debateand all shall be wellbetwixt thee and me.
HOPE. ButChristianthese threefellowsI am persuaded in my heartare but a company of cowards; would they haverun elsethink youas they didat the noise of one that wascoming on the road?Why did not Little-faith pluck up a greaterheart? He mightmethinkshave stood one brush with themand haveyielded whenthere had been no remedy.
No great heart for Godwhere there is butlittle faith
CHR. That they are cowardsmany havesaidbut few have found it soin the time of trial. As for a greatheartLittle-faith had none;and I perceive by theemy brotherhadst thoubeen the man concernedthou art but for a brushand then to yield.
We have more courage when outthan when inthe conflict
Andverilysince this is the height of thystomachnow they are at a distance from usshould theyappear to theeas they did to him they might put thee tosecond thoughts.
319- Christian tells his own experience in thiscase
Butconsider againthey are but journeymenthievesthey serve under the king of the bottomlesspitwhoif need bewill come into their aid himselfand his voiceis asthe roaring of a lion. [1 Pet. 5:8] I myself have been engagedas this Little-faith wasand I found it aterrible thing.These three villains set upon meand Ibeginninglike a Christianto resistthey gave but a calland in cametheir master. I wouldas the saying ishave given my life for apennybut thatas God would have itI was clothed with armourof proof.Ayand yetthough I was so harnessedI foundit hard workto quit myself like a man. No man cantell what in that combatattends usbut he that hath been in the battlehimself.
320- HOPE. Wellbut they ranyou seewhenthey did but supposethat one Great-grace was in the way.
The King's champion
CHR. Truethey have often fledboththey and their masterwhen Great-grace hath but appeared; and nomarvel; for he isthe King's champion. ButI trowyouwill put some difference betwixtLittle-faith and the King's champion. Allthe King's subjects are nothis championsnor can theywhen trieddosuch feats of war as he.Is it meet to think that a little child shouldhandle Goliathas David did? Or that there should be thestrength of an ox in a wren?Some are strongsome are weak; some have greatfaithsome have little.This man was one of the weakand therefore hewent to the wall.
321- HOPE. I would it had been Great-grace fortheir sakes.
CHR. If it had beenhe might have hadhis hands full;for I must tell youthat though Great-grace isexcellent goodat his weaponsand hasand canso long as hekeeps themat sword's pointdo well enough with them;yetif they get within himeven Faint-heartMistrustor the otheritshall go hardbut they will throw up his heels. Andwhen a man is downyou knowwhat can he do?
322- Whoso looks well upon Great-grace's faceshallsee those scarsand cuts therethat shall easily givedemonstration of what I say.Yeaonce I heard that he should say(and thatwhen hewas in the combat)"We despaired even oflife." How did thesesturdy rogues and their fellows make Davidgroanmournand roar?YeaHemanand Hezekiahtoothough championsin their daywere forced to bestir themwhen by theseassaulted; and yetnotwithstandingthey had their coats soundlybrushed by them. Peterupon a timewould go try what he could do; butthough some do sayof him that he is the prince of the apostlesthey handled him sothat they made him at last afraid of a sorrygirl.
323- Leviathan's sturdiness
Besidestheir king is at their whistle. He is never out of hearing;and if at any time they be put to the worstheif possiblecomes in to help them; and of him it is saidThe sword of himthat layeth at him cannot hold the spearthedartnor the habergeon;he esteemeth iron as strawand brass as rottenwood. The arrow cannotmake him flee; sling stones are turned with himinto stubble.Darts are counted as stubble: he laughethat the shaking of a spear.[Job 41:26-29] What can a man do in thiscase?
The excellent mettlethat is in Job's horse
It is trueifa man couldat every turnhave Job's horseand had skill and courage toride himhe might do notable things; for his neck isclothed with thunderhe will not be afraid of the grasshopper; theglory of his nostrilsis terrible: he paweth in the valleyandrejoiceth in his strengthhe goeth on to meet the armed men. Hemocketh at fearand is not affrightedneither turneth he backfrom the sword.The quiver rattleth against himthe glitteringspearand the shield.He swalloweth the ground with fierceness andrageneither believeth hethat it is the sound of the trumpet. Hesaith among the trumpetsHaha! and he smelleth the battle afar offthe thunder ofthe captainsand the shouting. [Job39:19-25]
324- But for such footmen as thee and I arelet usnever desire to meet withan enemynor vaunt as if we could do betterwhen we hear of othersthat they have been foiledNor be tickled atthe thoughtsof our own manhood; for such commonly come bythe worst when tried.Witness Peterof whom I made mention before. He would swaggerayhe would; he wouldas his vain mind promptedhim to saydo betterand stand more for his Master than all men; butwho so foiledand run down by these villainsas he?
Whenthereforewe hear that such robberiesare done onthe King's highwaytwo things become us to do:
325- 1. To go out harnessedand to be sure totake a shield with us;for it was for want of thatthat he that laidso lustily at Leviathancould not make him yield; forindeedif thatbe wantinghe fears us not at all. Thereforehethat had skill hath said"Above alltaking the shield of faithwherewith ye shall be ableto quench all the fiery darts of the wicked." [Eph. 6:16]
326- It is good to have a convoy
2. It is goodalsothat we desire ofthe King a convoyyeathat he will go with us himself. This made David rejoicewhen in the Valley of the Shadow of Death; andMoses was ratherfor dying where he stoodthan to go one stepwithout his God.[Exo. 33:15] Ohmy brotherif he willbut go along with uswhat need we be afraid of ten thousands thatshall set themselvesagainst us? [Ps. 3:5-827:1-3] Butwithout himthe proud helpers"fall under the slain". [Isa.10:4]
327- Ifor my parthave been in the fray beforenow; and thoughthrough the goodness of him that is bestI amas you seealiveyet I cannot boast of my manhood. Gladshall I beif I meet withno more such brunts; though I fear we are notgot beyond all danger.Howeversince the lion and the bear have notas yet devoured meI hope God will also deliver us from the nextuncircumcised Philistine.Then sang Christian--
Poor Little-faith! Hast been among the thieves?
Wast robb'd? Remember thiswhoso believes
And gets more faithshall then a victor be
Over ten thousandelse scarce over three.
328- A wayand a way
So they went on and Ignorance followed. They went then till they cameat a place where they saw a way put itself intotheir wayand seemed withal to lie as straight as the waywhich they should go:and here they knew not which of the two totakefor both seemedstraight before them; thereforehere theystood still to consider.
The Flatterer finds them
And asthey were thinking about the waybehold a manblack of fleshbut covered witha very light robecame to themand asked them why they stoodthere. They answeredthey were going to the Celestial Citybut knewnot which of these waysto take. Follow mesaid the manit isthither that I am going.
Christian and his fellow deluded
So they followed him in the waythat but now came into the roadwhich bydegrees turnedand turned them so from the city that theydesired to go tothatin little timetheir faces were turnedaway from it;yet they followed him. But by and bybefore they were awarehe led them both within the compass of a netin which they were bothso entangled that they knew not what to do; andwith thatthe white robe fell off the black man's back.
They are taken in a net
Then they saw where they were. Whereforethere they lay cryingsome timefor they could not get themselvesout.
329- They bewail their condition
CHR. Then said Christian to his fellowNow do I see myself in error.Did not the Shepherds bid us beware of theflatterers?As is the saying of the wise manso we havefound it this day.A man that flattereth his neighbourspreadetha net for his feet.[Prov. 29:5]
A Shining One comes to them with a whip inhis hand
HOPE. They also gave us a note ofdirections about the wayfor our more sure finding thereof; but thereinwe have also forgottento readand have not kept ourselves from thepaths of the destroyer.Here David was wiser than we; forsaith he"Concerning the worksof menby the word of thy lipsI have kept mefrom the pathsof the destroyer." [Ps. 17:4] Thus they lay bewailing themselvesin the net. At last they espied a ShiningOne coming towards themwith a whip of small cord in his hand. When he was cometo the place where they werehe asked themwhence they cameand what they did there. They told himthat they were poor pilgrimsgoing to Zionbut were led out of their way bya black manclothed in whitewho bid ussaid theyfollowhimfor he was going thither too. Then saidhe with the whipIt is Flatterera false apostlethat hathtransformed himselfinto an angel of light. [Prov. 29:5Dan.11:322 Cor. 11:1314]So he rent the netand let the men out. Then said he to themFollow methat I may set you in your wayagain. So he led them backto the way which they had left to follow theFlatterer.Then he asked themsayingWhere did you liethe last night?They saidWith the Shepherds upon theDelectable Mountains.
They are examinedand convicted offorgetfulness
He asked them thenif they had not of those Shepherds a note ofdirection for the way.They answeredYes. But did yousaid hewhen you were at a standpluck out and read your note? TheyansweredNo. He asked themWhy?They saidthey forgot. He askedmoreoverif the Shepherds did notbid them beware of the Flatterer?
Deceivers fine spoken
They answeredYesbut we did not imaginesaid theythat this fine-spoken man had been he. [Rom. 16:18]
330- They are whipped and sent on their way
Then I saw in my dream that he commanded themto lie down; whichwhen they didhe chastised them soreto teachthem the good waywherein they should walk [Deut. 25:2]; and ashe chastised them he said"As many as I loveI rebuke and chasten;be zealousthereforeand repent." [2 Chron. 6:2627Rev.3:19] This donehe bid themgo on their wayand take good heed to theother directionsof the shepherds. So they thanked him forall his kindnessand went softly along the right waysinging--
Come hitheryou thatwalk along the way;
See how the pilgrimsfare that go astray.
They catched are in anentangling net
'Cause they goodcounsel lightly did forget:
'Tis true they rescuedwerebut yet you see
They're scourged toboot. Let this your caution be.
331- Nowafter a whilethey perceivedafar offone coming softlyand aloneall along the highway to meet them. Then said Christianto his fellowYonder is a man with his backtowards Zionand he is coming to meet us.
The Atheist meets them
HOPE. I see him; let us take heed toourselves nowlest he should prove a flatterer also. Sohe drew nearer and nearerand at last came up unto them. His namewas Atheistand he asked them whither they were going.
CHR. We are going to Mount Zion.
He laughs at them
Then Atheist fell into a very great laughter.
CHR. What is the meaning of yourlaughter?
332- ATHEIST. I laugh to see what ignorantpersons you areto take upon you so tedious a journeyand youare like to havenothing but your travel for your pains.
They reason together
CHR. Whymando you think we shall notbe received?
ATHEIST. Received! There is no suchplace as you dream ofin all this world.
CHR. But there is in the world to come.
333- ATHEIST. When I was at home in mine owncountryI heard as younow affirmand from that hearing went out toseeand have beenseeking this city this twenty years; but findno more of itthan I did the first day I set out. [Jer.22:12Eccl. 10:15]
CHR. We have both heard and believe thatthere is such a placeto be found.
The Atheist takes up his content in thisworld
ATHEIST. Had not Iwhen at homebelievedI had not come thus farto seek; but finding none(and yet I shouldhad there been sucha place to be foundfor I have gone to seek itfurther than you)I am going back againand will seek to refreshmyself with the thingsthat I then cast awayfor hopes of that whichI now seeis not.
334- Christian proveth his brother
CHR. Then said Christian to Hopeful hisfellowIs it truewhich this man hath said?
Hopeful's gracious answer
Hope. Take heedhe is one of the flatterers;remember what it hathcost us once already for our hearkening to suchkind of fellows.What! no Mount Zion? Did we not seefromthe Delectable Mountainsthe gate of the city? Alsoare we notnow to walk by faith?Let us go onsaid Hopefullest the man withthe whipovertake us again. [2 Cor. 5:7]
Aremembrance of former chastisementsis a help against present temptations
You should have taught methat lessonwhich I will round you in the earswithal: "Ceasemy sonto hear the instruction that causeth toerr from the wordsof knowledge." [Prov. 19:27] Isaymy brothercease to hear himand let us "believe to the saving of thesoul". [Heb. 10:39]
335- A fruit of an honest heart
CHR. My brotherI did not put thequestion to thee for thatI doubted of the truth of our belief myselfbut to prove theeand to fetch from thee a fruit of the honestyof thy heart.As for this manI know that he is blinded bythe god of this world.Let thee and I go onknowing that we havebelief of the truth"and no lie is of the truth". [1 John 2:21]
HOPE. Now do I rejoice in hope of theglory of God. So they turnedaway from the man; and helaughing at themwent his way.
336- They are come to the Enchanted Ground
I saw then in my dreamthat they went tillthey came intoa certain countrywhose air naturally tendedto make one drowsyif he came a stranger into it.
Hopefulbegins to be drowsy
And here Hopeful began to be very dull andheavy of sleep;wherefore he said unto ChristianI do nowbegin to grow so drowsythat I can scarcely hold up mine eyeslet uslie down hereand take one nap.
Christian keeps him awake
CHR. By no meanssaid the otherlestsleepingwe never awake more.
HOPE. Whymy brother? Sleep issweet to the labouring man;we may be refreshed if we take a nap.
CHR. Do you not remember that one of theShepherds bid us bewareof the Enchanted Ground? He meant by thatthat we should bewareof sleeping; "Therefore let us not sleepas do othersbut let us watch and be sober." [1Thess. 5:6]
337- He is thankful
HOPE. I acknowledge myself in a faultand had I been here aloneI had by sleeping run the danger of death. I see it is truethat the wise man saithTwo are better thanone. Hitherto haththy company been my mercyand thou shalt havea good rewardfor thy labour. [Eccl. 9:9]
To prevent drowsinessthey fall to gooddiscourse
CHR. Now thensaid Christianto preventdrowsiness in this placelet us fall into good discourse.
HOPE. With all my heartsaid the other.
Good discourse prevents drowsiness
CHR. Where shall we begin?
HOPE. Where God began with us. Butdo you beginif you please.
CHR. I will sing you first this song:--
The Dreamers' Note
When saints dosleepy growlet them come hither
And hear howthese two pilgrims talk together:
Yealet themlearn of themin any wise
Thus to keep opetheir drowsy slumb'ring eyes.
Saints'fellowshipif it be managed well
Keeps themawakeand that in spite of hell.
338- They begin at the beginning of theirconversion
CHR. Then Christian began and saidIwill ask you a question.How came you to think at first of so doing asyou do now?
HOPE. Do you meanhow came I at first tolook afterthe good of my soul?
CHR. Yesthat is my meaning.
HOPE. I continued a great while in thedelight of those thingswhich were seen and sold at our fair; thingswhichI believe nowwould havehad I continued in themstilldrowned mein perdition and destruction.
CHR. What things are they?
Hopeful's life before conversion
HOPE. All the treasures and riches of theworld. AlsoI delighted much in riotingrevellingdrinkingswearinglyinguncleannessSabbath-breakingand what notthat tended todestroy the soul. But I found at lastbyhearing and consideringof things that are divinewhich indeed I heardof youas also of beloved Faithful that was put todeath for his faithand good living in Vanity Fairthat "theend of these things is death".[Rom.6:21-23] And that for these things'sake "cometh the wrath of Godupon the children of disobedience". [Eph.5:6]
CHR. And did you presently fall under thepower of this conviction?
339- Hopeful at first shuts his eyes against thelight
HOPE. NoI was not willing presently toknow the evil of sinnor the damnation that follows upon thecommission of it;but endeavouredwhen my mind at first began tobe shaken with the Wordto shut mine eyes against the light thereof.
CHR. But what was the cause of yourcarrying of it thusto the first workings of God's blessed Spiritupon you?
340- Reasons of his resisting the light
HOPE. The causes were1. I wasignorant that this wasthe work of God upon me. I never thoughtthatby awakenings for sinGod at first begins the conversion of asinner. 2. Sin was yetvery sweet to my fleshand I was loath toleave it. 3. I could nottell how to part with mine old companionstheir presence and actionswere so desirable unto me. 4. Thehours in which convictionswere upon me were such troublesome and suchheart-affrighting hoursthat I could not bearno not so much as theremembrance of themupon my heart.
CHR. Thenas it seemssometimes you gotrid of your trouble.
HOPE. Yesverilybut it would come intomy mind againand then I should be as badnayworsethan Iwas before.
CHR. Whywhat was it that brought yoursins to mind again?
341- When he had lost his sense of sinwhatbrought this again
HOPE. Many things; as
1. If I did but meet a good man in thestreets; or
2. If I have heard any read in the Bible;or
3. If mine head did begin to ache; or
4. If I were told that some of myneighbours were sick; or
5. If I heard the bell toll for some thatwere dead; or
6. If I thought of dying myself; or
7. If I heard that sudden death happenedto others;
8. But especiallywhen I thought ofmyselfthat I must quicklycome to judgment.
342- CHR. And could you at any timewitheaseget off the guilt of sinwhen by any of these ways it came upon you?
HOPE. Nonot Ifor then they got fasterhold of my conscience;and thenif I did but think of going back tosin(though my mindwas turned against it)it would be doubletorment to me.
CHR. And how did you do then?
When he could no longer shake off his guiltby sinful coursesthen he endeavors to mend
HOPE. I thought I must endeavour to mendmy life; for elsethought II am sure to be damned.
343- CHR. And did you endeavour to mend?
HOPE. Yes; and fled from not only mysinsbut sinful company too;and betook me to religious dutiesas prayerreadingweeping for sinspeaking truth to my neighbours&c. These things did Iwith many otherstoo much here to relate.
CHR. And did you think yourself wellthen?
Then he thought himself well
HOPE. Yesfor a while; but at the lastmy trouble came tumblingupon me againand that over the neck of all myreformations.
344- CHR. How came that aboutsince you werenow reformed?
Reformation at last could not helpandwhy
HOPE. There were several things broughtit upon meespecially such sayings as these: "Allour righteousnessesare as filthy rags." [Isa. 64:6] "By the works of the lawshall no flesh be justified." [Gal.2:16] "When ye shall have doneall those thingssayWe are unprofitable"[Luke 17:10] with many moresuch like. From whence I began to reasonwith myself thus:If ALL my righteousnesses are filthy rags; ifby the deeds of the lawNO man can be justified; and ifwhen we havedone ALLwe are yet unprofitablethen it is but a follyto think of heavenby the law.
His being a debtor by thelaw troubled him
I further thought thus: If a man runs ahundred poundsinto the shopkeeper's debtand after thatshall pay for all that heshall fetch; yetif this old debt stands stillin the book uncrossedfor that the shopkeeper may sue himand casthim into prisontill he shall pay the debt.
CHR. Welland how did you apply this toyourself?
HOPE. Why; I thought thus with myself. I haveby my sinsrun a great way into God's bookand that mynow reformingwill not pay off that score; therefore I shouldthink stillunder all my present amendmentsBut how shallI be freed fromthat damnation that I have brought myself indanger of bymy former transgressions?
345- CHR. A very good application: butpraygo on.
His espying bad things in his best dutiestroubled him
HOPE. Another thing that hath troubledmeeven sincemy late amendmentsisthat if I look narrowlyinto the bestof what I do nowI still see sinnew sinmixing itselfwith the best of that I do; so that now I amforced to concludethat notwithstanding my former fond conceits ofmyself and dutiesI have committed sin enough in one duty to sendme to hellthough my former life had been faultless.
CHR. And what did you do then?
346- This made him break his mind to Faithfulwho told him the wayto be saved
HOPE. Do! I could not tell what to dountil I brake my mindto Faithfulfor he and I were wellacquainted. And he told methat unless I could obtain the righteousness ofa man that neverhad sinnedneither mine ownnor all therighteousness of the worldcould save me.
CHR. And did you think he spake true?
HOPE. Had he told me so when I waspleased and satisfiedwith mine own amendmentI had called him foolfor his pains;but nowsince I see mine own infirmityandthe sin that cleavesto my best performanceI have been forced tobe of his opinion.
347- CHR. But did you thinkwhen at first hesuggested it to youthat there was such a man to be foundof whomit might justly be saidthat he never committed sin?
At which he started at present
HOPE. I must confess the words at firstsounded strangelybut after a little more talk and company withhimI had full conviction about it.
CHR. And did you ask him what man thiswasand how you mustbe justified by him?
A more particular discovery of the way tobe saved
HOPE. Yesand he told me it was the LordJesusthat dwelleth onthe right hand of the Most High. Andthussaid heyou mustbe justified by himeven by trusting to whathe hath done by himselfin the days of his fleshand suffered when hedid hang on the tree.I asked him furtherhow that man'srighteousness could beof that efficacy to justify another beforeGod? And he told mehe was the mighty Godand did what he didanddied the death alsonot for himselfbut for me; to whom hisdoingsand the worthinessof themshould be imputedif I believed onhim. [Heb. 10Rom. 6Col. 11 Pet. 1]
348- CHR. And what did you do then?
He doubts of acceptation
HOPE. I made my objections against mybelievingfor that I thoughthe was not willing to save me.
CHR. And what said Faithful to you then?
He is better instructed
HOPE. He bid me go to him and see. Then I said it was presumption;but he saidNofor I was invited to come. [Matt. 11:28]Then he gave me a book of Jesushis inditingto encourage methe more freely to come; and he saidconcerning that bookthat every jot and tittle thereof stood firmerthan heaven and earth.[Matt. 24:35] Then I asked himWhat Imust do when I came; and hetold meI must entreat upon my kneeswith allmy heart and soulthe Father to reveal him to me. [Ps.95:6Dan. 6:10Jer. 29:1213]Then I asked him furtherhow I must make mysupplication to him?And he saidGoand thou shalt find him upon amercy-seatwhere he sits all the year longto give pardonand forgivenessto them that come. I told him that I knewnot what to say when I came.
He is bid to pray
And he bid mesay to this effect:God be merciful to me a sinnerand make me toknow and believein Jesus Christ; for I seethat if hisrighteousness had not beenor I have not faith in that righteousnessI amutterly cast away.LordI have heard that thou art a mercifulGodand hast ordainedthat thy Son Jesus Christ should be the Saviourof the world;and moreoverthat thou art willing to bestowhim uponsuch a poor sinner as I am(and I am a sinnerindeed); Lordtake therefore this opportunity and magnify thygracein the salvation of my soulthrough thy SonJesus Christ. Amen.[Exo. 25:22Lev. 16:2Num. 7:89Heb. 4:16]
349- CHR. And did you do as you were bidden?
HOPE. Yes; overand overand over.
CHR. And did the Father reveal his Son toyou?
HOPE. Not at the firstnor secondnorthirdnor fourthnor fifth;nonor at the sixth time neither.
CHR. What did you do then?
HOPE. What! why I could not tell what todo.
CHR. Had you not thoughts of leaving offpraying?
He thought to leave off praying
HOPE. Yes; an hundred times twice told.
CHR. And what was the reason you did not?
He durst not leave off prayingand why
HOPE. I believed that that was true whichhad been told meto witthat without the righteousness of thisChristall the world could not save me; and thereforethought I with myselfif I leave off I dieand I can but die at thethrone of grace.And withalthis came into my mind"Thoughit tarrywait for it;because it will surely comeit will nottarry." [Heb. 2:3]So I continued praying until the Father showedme his Son.
350- CHR. And how was he revealed unto you?
Christ is revealed to himand how
HOPE. I did not see him with my bodilyeyesbut with the eyesof my understanding; [Eph. 1:1819] and thus itwas:One day I was very sadI think sadder than atany one time in my lifeand this sadness was through a fresh sight ofthe greatness and vilenessof my sins. And as I was then looking fornothing but helland the everlasting damnation of my soulsuddenlyas I thoughtI saw the Lord Jesus Christ look down fromheaven upon meand saying"Believe on the Lord Jesus Christandthou shalt be saved."[Acts 16:3031]
351- But I repliedLordI am a greata very greatsinner.And he answered"My grace is sufficientfor thee." [2 Cor.12:9]Then I saidButLordwhat is believing? And then I sawfrom that saying"He that cometh to meshall never hungerand he that believeth on me shall neverthirst"that believingand coming was all one; and that he that camethat isran out in his heart and affections aftersalvation by Christhe indeed believed in Christ. [John6:35] Then the waterstood in mine eyesand I asked further. ButLordmay such a great sinner as I am be indeedaccepted of theeand be saved by thee? And I heard himsay"And him that cometh to meI will in no wise cast out." [John6:37] Then I saidBut howLordmust I consider of thee in my coming to theethat my faith may beplaced aright upon thee? Then he said"Christ Jesus cameinto the world to save sinners." [1Tim. 1:15] "He is the endof the law for righteousness to every one thatbelieveth." [Rom. 10:4]"He died for our sinsand rose again forour justification."[Rom. 4:25] "He loved usand washedus from our sinsin his own blood." [Rev. 1:5] "He is mediator betwixt God and us."[1 Tim. 2:5] "He ever liveth to makeintercession for us."[Heb. 7:2425] From all which I gatheredthat I mustlook for righteousness in his personand forsatisfaction for my sinsby his blood; that what he did in obedience tohis Father's lawand in submitting to the penalty thereofwasnot for himselfbut for him that will accept it for hissalvationand be thankful.And now was my heart full of joymine eyesfull of tearsand mine affections running over with love tothe namepeopleand ways of Jesus Christ.
352- CHR. This was a revelation of Christ toyour soul indeed;but tell me particularly what effect this hadupon your spirit.
HOPE. It made me see that all the worldnotwithstanding allthe righteousness thereofis in a state ofcondemnation.It made me see that God the Fatherthough hebe justcan justly justify the coming sinner. Itmade me greatly ashamedof the vileness of my former lifeandconfounded me with the senseof mine own ignorance; for there never camethought into my heartbefore now that showed me so the beauty ofJesus Christ.It made me love a holy lifeand long to dosomething forthe honour and glory of the name of the LordJesus; yeaI thought that had I now a thousand gallons ofblood in my bodyI could spill it all for the sake of the LordJesus.
353- I saw then in my dream that Hopeful looked backand saw Ignorancewhom they had left behindcoming after. Looksaid he to Christianhow far yonder youngster loitereth behind.
CHR. AyayI see him; he careth not forour company.
HOPE. But I trow it would not have hurthim had hekept pace with us hitherto.
CHR. That is true; but I warrant you hethinketh otherwise.
HOPE. ThatI thinkhe doth; buthoweverlet us tarry for him.So they did.
354- Young Ignorance comes up again; their talk
Then Christian said to himCome awaymanwhydo you stay so behind?
IGNOR. I take my pleasure in walkingaloneeven more a great dealthan in companyunless I like it the better.
Then said Christian to Hopeful(but softly)Did I not tell youhe cared not for our company? Buthoweversaid hecome upand let us talk away the time in this solitaryplace.Then directing his speech to IgnorancehesaidComehow do you?How stands it between God and your soul now?
355- Ignorance's hopeand the ground of it
IGNOR. I hope well; for I am always fullof good motionsthat come into my mindto comfort me as Iwalk.
CHR. What good motions? praytell us.
IGNOR. WhyI think of God and heaven.
CHR. So do the devils and damned souls.
IGNOR. But I think of them and desirethem.
CHR. So do many that are never like tocome there."The soul of the sluggard desirethandhath nothing." [Prov. 13:4]
IGNOR. But I think of themand leave allfor them.
CHR. That I doubt; for leaving all is ahard matter: yeaa harder matter than many are aware of. But whyor by whatart thou persuaded that thou hast left all forGod and heaven.
356- IGNOR. My heart tells me so.
CHR. The wise man says"He thattrusts his own heart is a fool."[Prov. 28:26]
IGNOR. This is spoken of an evil heartbut mine is a good one.
CHR. But how dost thou prove that?
IGNOR. It comforts me in hopes of heaven.
CHR. That may be through itsdeceitfulness; for a man's heartmay minister comfort to him in the hopes ofthat thing for whichhe yet has no ground to hope.
IGNOR. But my heart and life agreetogetherand thereforemy hope is well grounded.
CHR. Who told thee that thy heart andlife agree together?
IGNOR. My heart tells me so.
CHR. Ask my fellow if I be a thief! Thyheart tells thee so!Except the Word of God beareth witness in thismatterother testimony is of no value.
357- IGNOR. But is it not a good heart thathath good thoughts?and is not that a good life that is accordingto God's commandments?
CHR. Yesthat is a good heart that hathgood thoughtsand that is a good life that is according toGod's commandments;but it is one thingindeedto have theseandanother thingonly to think so.
IGNOR. Praywhat count you goodthoughtsand a life accordingto God's commandments?
CHR. There are good thoughts of diverskinds; some respectingourselvessome Godsome Christand someother things.
What are good thoughts
IGNOR. What be good thoughts respectingourselves?
CHR. Such as agree with the Word of God.
358- IGNOR. When do our thoughts of ourselvesagree with the Word of God?
CHR. When we pass the same judgment uponourselveswhich the Word passes. To explainmyself--the Word of Godsaith of persons in a natural condition"Thereis none righteousthere is none that doeth good." [Rom. 3] It saith alsothat "every imagination of the heart ofman is only eviland that continually." [Gen. 6:5] And again"The imaginationof man's heart is evil from his youth." [Rom. 8:21] Now thenwhen we think thus of ourselveshaving sensethereofthen are our thoughts good onesbecauseaccording to the Word of God.
IGNOR. I will never believe that my heartis thus bad.
CHR. Therefore thou never hadst one goodthought concerning thyselfin thy life. But let me go on. Asthe Word passeth a judgmentupon our heartso it passeth a judgment uponour ways; and whenOUR thoughts of our hearts and ways agree withthe judgment whichthe Word giveth of boththen are both goodbecause agreeing thereto.
359- IGNOR. Make out your meaning.
CHR. Whythe Word of God saith thatman's ways are crooked ways;not goodbut perverse. [Ps. 125:5Prov.2:15] It saiththey are naturally out of the good waythatthey have not known it.[Rom. 3] Nowwhen a man thus thinketh ofhis ways--I saywhen he doth sensiblyand withheart-humiliationthus thinkthen hath he good thoughts of his own waysbecause his thoughtsnow agree with the judgment of the Word of God.
360- IGNOR. What are good thoughts concerningGod?
CHR. Even as I have said concerningourselveswhen our thoughts of Goddo agree with what the Word saith of him; andthat iswhen we think of his being and attributes asthe Word hath taughtof which I cannot now discourse at large; butto speak of himwith reference to us: Then we have rightthoughts of Godwhen we think that he knows us better than weknow ourselvesand can see sin in us when and where we can seenone in ourselves;when we think he knows our inmost thoughtsandthat our heartwith all its depthsis always open unto hiseyes; alsowhen we think that all our righteousness stinksin his nostrilsand thatthereforehe cannot abide to see usstand before himin any confidenceeven in all our bestperformances.
361- IGNOR. Do you think that I am such a foolas to think God can seeno further than I? orthat I would come to Godin the bestof my performances?
CHR. Whyhow dost thou think in thismatter?
IGNOR. Whyto be shortI think I mustbelieve in Christfor justification.
CHR. How! think thou must believe inChristwhen thou seest not thyneed of him! Thou neither seest thyoriginal nor actual infirmities;but hast such an opinion of thyselfand ofwhat thou dostas plainly renders thee to be one that didnever see a necessityof Christ's personal righteousness to justifythee before God.Howthendost thou sayI believe in Christ?
362- IGNOR. I believe well enough for allthat.
CHR. How dost thou believe?
The faith of Ignorance
IGNOR. I believe that Christ died forsinnersand that I shall bejustified before God from the cursethroughhis gracious acceptanceof my obedience to his law. Or thusChrist makes my dutiesthat are religiousacceptable to his Fatherby virtue of his merits;and so shall I be justified.
363- CHR. Let me give an answer to thisconfession of thy faith:--
1. Thou believest with a fantasticalfaith; for this faith is nowheredescribed in the Word.
2. Thou believest with a false faith;because it taketh justificationfrom the personal righteousness of Christandapplies it to thy own.
3. This faith maketh not Christ ajustifier of thy personbut of thy actions; and of thy person for thyactions' sakewhich is false.
4. Thereforethis faith is deceitfuleven such as will leave theeunder wrathin the day of God Almighty; fortrue justifying faithputs the soulas sensible of its condition bythe lawupon flyingfor refuge unto Christ's righteousnesswhichrighteousness of hisis not an act of graceby which he maketh forjustificationthy obedience accepted with God; but hispersonal obedience to the lawin doing and suffering for us what thatrequired at our hands;this righteousnessI saytrue faithaccepteth; under the skirtof whichthe soul being shroudedand by itpresentedas spotless before Godit is acceptedandacquit from condemnation.
364- IGNOR. What! would you have us trust towhat Christin his own personhas done without us? This conceit wouldloosen the reins of our lustand tolerate us to live as we list; for whatmatter how we liveif we may be justified by Christ's personalrighteousness from allwhen we believe it?
CHR. Ignorance is thy nameand as thyname isso art thou;even this thy answer demonstrateth what I say. Ignorant thou artof what justifying righteousness isand asignorant how to securethy soulthrough the faith of itfrom theheavy wrath of God.Yeathou also art ignorant of the true effectsof saving faithin this righteousness of Christwhich istobow and win overthe heart to God in Christto love his namehis wordwaysand peopleand not as thou ignorantlyimaginest.
HOPE. Ask him if ever he had Christrevealed to him from heaven.
365- Ignorance jangles with them
IGNOR. What! you are a man forrevelations! I believe that whatboth youand all the rest of yousay aboutthat matteris but the fruit of distracted brains.
HOPE. Whyman! Christ is so hid in Godfrom the natural apprehensionsof the fleshthat he cannot by any man besavingly knownunless God the Father reveals him to them.
366- He speaks reproachfully of what he knowsnot
IGNOR. That is your faithbut not mine;yet mineI doubt notis as good as yoursthough I have not in myhead so many whimsiesas you.
CHR. Give me leave to put in a word. You ought not so slightlyto speak of this matter; for this I will boldlyaffirmeven as my good companion hath donethat noman can know Jesus Christbut by the revelation of the Father; [Matt.11:27] yeaand faith tooby which the soul layeth hold upon Christifit be rightmust be wrought by the exceeding greatness ofhis mighty power;the working of which faithI perceivepoorIgnorancethou art ignorant of. [1 Cor. 12:3Eph.1:1819] Be awakenedthensee thine own wretchednessand fly to the LordJesus;and by his righteousnesswhich is therighteousness of Godfor he himself is Godthou shalt be deliveredfrom condemnation.
367- The talk broke up
IGNOR. You go so fastI cannot keep pacewith you.Do you go on before; I must stay a whilebehind.
Then they said--
WellIgnorancewiltthou yet foolish be
To slight goodcounselten times given thee?
And if thou yet refuseitthou shalt know
Ere longthe evil ofthy doing so.
Remembermanintimestoopdo not fear;
Good counsel takenwellsaves: therefore hear.
But if thou yet shaltslight itthou wilt be
The loser(Ignorance)I'll warrant thee.
Then Christian addressed thus himself to hisfellow:--
CHR. Wellcomemy good HopefulIperceive that thou and Imust walk by ourselves again.
368- So I saw in my dream that they went on apacebeforeand Ignorance he came hobbling after. Then said Christianto his companionIt pities me much for thispoor manit will certainly go ill with him at last.
HOPE. Alas! there are abundance in ourtown in his conditionwhole familiesyeawhole streetsand that ofpilgrims too;and if there be so many in our partshow manythink youmust there be in the place where he was born?
CHR. Indeed the Word saith"He hathblinded their eyeslest they should see"&c. Butnow we are by ourselveswhat do you think of such men? Have theyat no timethink youconvictions of sinand so consequently fearsthat their stateis dangerous?
HOPE. Naydo you answer that questionyourselffor you arethe elder man.
CHR. Then I saysometimes (as I think)they may; but they beingnaturally ignorantunderstand not that suchconvictions tendto their good; and therefore they dodesperately seek to stifle themand presumptuously continue to flatterthemselves in the way oftheir own hearts.
369- The good use of fear
HOPE. I do believeas you saythat feartends much to men's goodand to make them rightat their beginning togo on pilgrimage.
CHR. Without all doubt it dothif it beright; for so says the Word"The fear of the Lord is the beginning ofwisdom."[Prov. 1:79:10Job 28:28Ps. 111:10]
370- HOPE. How will you describe right fear?
CHR. True or right fear is discovered bythree things:--
1. By its rise; it is caused by savingconvictions for sin.
2. It driveth the soul to lay fast holdof Christ for salvation.
3. It begetteth and continueth in thesoul a great reverence of Godhis Wordand wayskeeping it tenderandmaking it afraidto turn from themto the right hand or to theleftto anything that may dishonour Godbreak itspeacegrieve the Spiritor cause the enemy to speak reproachfully.
HOPE. Well said; I believe you have saidthe truth.Are we now almost got past the EnchantedGround?
CHR. Whyart thou weary of thisdiscourse?
HOPE. Noverilybut that I would knowwhere we are.
371- Why ignorant persons stifle convictions
CHR. We have not now above two milesfurther to go thereon.But let us return to our matter.
Now the ignorantknow not that such convictions as tend to putthem in fearare for their goodand therefore they seek tostifle them.
HOPE. How do they seek to stifle them?
372- In particular
CHR. 1. They think that those fearsare wrought by the devil(though indeed they are wrought of God); andthinking sothey resist them as things that directly tendto their overthrow.
2. They also think that these fears tendto the spoilingof their faithwhenalasfor thempoor menthat they arethey have none at all! and therefore theyharden their heartsagainst them.
3. They presume they ought not to fear;andthereforein despite of themwax presumptuouslyconfident.
4. They see that those fears tend to takeaway from themtheir pitiful old self-holinessand thereforethey resist themwith all their might.
373- HOPE. I know something of this myself;forbefore I knew myselfit was so with me.
CHR. Wellwe will leaveat this timeour neighbour Ignoranceby himselfand fall upon another profitablequestion.
HOPE. With all my heartbut you shallstill begin.
Talk about one Temporary
CHR. Well thendid you not knowaboutten years agoone Temporary in your partswho was a forwardman in religion then?
Where he dwelt
HOPE. Know him! yeshe dwelt inGracelessa town about two milesoff of Honestyand he dwelt next door to oneTurnback.
374- He was towardly once
CHR. Righthe dwelt under the same roofwith him. Wellthat man was much awakened once; I believe thatthen he hadsome sight of his sinsand of the wages thatwere due thereto.
HOPE. I am of your mindformy housenot being above three milesfrom himhe would ofttimes come to meandthat with many tears.Truly I pitied the manand was not altogetherwithout hope of him;but one may seeit is not every one thatcriesLordLord.
CHR. He told me once that he was resolvedto go on pilgrimageas we do now; but all of a sudden he grewacquainted with one Save-selfand then he became a stranger to me.
375- HOPE. Nowsince we are talking abouthimlet us a little inquireinto the reason of the sudden backsliding ofhim and such others.
CHR. It may be very profitablebut doyou begin.
Reasons why towardly ones go back
HOPE. Wellthenthere are in myjudgment four reasons for it:--
376- 1. Though the consciences of such men areawakenedyet their mindsare not changed; thereforewhen the power ofguilt weareth awaythat which provoked them to be religiousceasethwherefore theynaturally turn to their own course againevenas we see the dogthat is sick of what he has eatenso long ashis sickness prevailshe vomits and casts up all; not that he doththis of a free mind(if we may say a dog has a mind)but becauseit troubleth his stomach;but nowwhen his sickness is overand so hisstomach easedhis desire being not at all alienate from hisvomithe turns him aboutand licks up alland so it is true which iswritten"The dog is turnedto his own vomit again." [2 Pet.2:22] Thus I saybeing hot for heavenby virtue only of thesense and fearof the torments of hellas their sense of helland the fearsof damnation chills and coolsso their desiresfor heaven and salvationcool also. So then it comes to passthatwhen their guilt and fearis gonetheir desires for heaven and happinessdieand they returnto their course again.
377- 2. Another reason isthey have slavishfears that do overmaster them;I speak now of the fears that they have of menfor "the fear of manbringeth a snare". [Prov. 29:25] So thenthough they seem to behot for heavenso long as the flames of hellare about their earsyet when that terror is a little overtheybetake themselvesto second thoughts; namelythat it is good tobe wiseand not to run(for they know not what) the hazard of losingallorat leastof bringing themselves into unavoidable andunnecessary troublesand so they fall in with the world again.
378- 3. The shame that attends religion lies also asa block in their way;they are proud and haughty; and religion intheir eyeis low and contemptiblethereforewhen theyhave lost their senseof hell and wrath to comethey return again totheir former course.
379- 4. Guiltand to meditate terrorare grievousto them.They like not to see their misery before theycome into it;though perhaps the sight of it firstif theyloved that sightmight make them fly whither the righteous flyand are safe.But because they doas I hinted beforeevenshun the thoughtsof guilt and terrorthereforewhen once theyare ridof their awakenings about the terrors and wrathof Godthey harden their hearts gladlyand choosesuch ways as willharden them more and more.
380- CHR. You are pretty near the businessfor the bottom of allis for want of a change in their mind andwill. And thereforethey are but like the felon that standethbefore the judgehe quakes and tremblesand seems to repentmost heartilybut the bottom of all is the fear of thehalter; not that he hathany detestation of the offenceas is evidentbecauselet but this man have his libertyand he willbe a thiefand so a rogue stillwhereasif his mind waschangedhe would be otherwise.
381- HOPE. Now I have showed you the reasonsof their going backdo you show me the manner thereof.
CHR. So I will willingly.
How the apostate goes back
1. They draw off their thoughtsall thatthey mayfrom the remembrance of Goddeathandjudgment to come.
2. Then they cast off by degrees privatedutiesas closet prayercurbing their lustswatchingsorrow for sinand the like.
3. Then they shun the company of livelyand warm Christians.
4. After that they grow cold to publicdutyas hearingreadinggodly conferenceand the like.
5. Then they begin to pick holesas wesayin the coatsof some of the godly; and that devilishlythatthey may havea seeming colour to throw religion (for thesake of some infirmitythey have espied in them) behind their backs.
6. Then they begin to adhere toandassociate themselves withcarnallooseand wanton men.
7. Then they give way to carnal andwanton discourses in secret;and glad are they if they can see such thingsin anythat are counted honestthat they may the moreboldly do itthrough their example.
8. After this they begin to play withlittle sins openly.
9. And thenbeing hardenedthey showthemselves as they are.Thusbeing launched again into the gulf ofmiseryunless a miracleof grace prevent itthey everlastingly perishin their own deceivings.
382- Now I saw in my dreamthat by this time thePilgrims were got overthe Enchanted Groundand entering into thecountry of Beulahwhose airwas very sweet and pleasantthe way lyingdirectly through itthey solaced themselves there for a season. Yeahere they heardcontinually the singing of birdsand saw everyday the flowers appearon the earthand heard the voice of the turtlein the land.[Isa. 62:4Song of Solomon 2:10-12] Inthis countrythe sun shineth night and day; wherefore thiswas beyondthe Valley of the Shadow of Deathand also outof the reachof Giant Despairneither could they from thisplace so much as seeDoubting Castle.
Here they were within sight of the citythey were going toalso here met them some ofthe inhabitants thereof;for in this land the Shining Ones commonlywalkedbecause it wasupon the borders of heaven. In this landalsothe contract betweenthe bride and the bridegroom was renewed; yeahere"As the bridegroomrejoiceth over the brideso did their Godrejoice over them."[Isa. 62:5] Here they had no want of cornand wine; for in this placethey met with abundance of what they had soughtfor in alltheir pilgrimage. [Isa. 62:8] Herethey heard voices fromout of the cityloud voicessaying"`Sayye to the daughter of ZionBeholdthy salvation cometh! Beholdhisreward is with him!'Here all the inhabitants of the country calledthem`The holy peopleThe redeemed of the LordSought out'"etc. [Isa. 62:1112]
383- Now as they walked in this landthey had morerejoicing than in partsmore remote from the kingdom to which they werebound; and drawing nearto the citythey had yet a more perfect viewthereof. It was buildedof pearls and precious stonesalso the streetthereof was pavedwith gold; so that by reason of the naturalglory of the cityand the reflection of the sunbeams upon itChristian with desirefell sick; Hopeful also had a fit or two of thesame disease.Whereforehere they lay by it a whilecryingoutbecause oftheir pangsIf ye find my belovedtell himthat I am sick of love.
384- Butbeing a little strengthenedand betterable to beartheir sicknessthey walked on their wayandcame yet nearerand nearerwhere were orchardsvineyardsandgardensand their gates opened into the highway. Nowas they came upto these placesbehold the gardener stood inthe wayto whom the Pilgrims saidWhose goodlyvineyards and gardens are these?He answeredThey are the King'sand areplanted herefor his own delightand also for the solace ofpilgrims.So the gardener had them into the vineyardsand bid themrefresh themselves with the dainties. [Deut. 23:24]He also showed them there the King's walksandthe arbours wherehe delighted to be; and here they tarried andslept.
385- Now I beheld in my dream that they talked morein their sleepat this time than ever they did in all theirjourney;and being in a muse thereaboutthe gardenersaid even to meWherefore musest thou at the matter? Itis the nature of the fruitof the grapes of these vineyards to go down sosweetlyas to cause the lips of them that are asleep tospeak.
386- So I saw that when they awokethey addressedthemselves to go upto the city; butas I saidthe reflection ofthe sun upon the city(for the city was pure gold) was so extremelygloriousthat they could notas yetwith open facebehold itbut throughan instrument made for that purpose. So Isawthat as I went onthere met them two menin raiment that shonelike gold;lso their faces shone as the light. [Rev.21:182 Cor. 3:18]
387- These men asked the Pilgrims whence they came;and they told them.They also asked them where they had lodgedwhat difficultiesand dangerswhat comforts and pleasures theyhad met in the way;and they told them. Then said the menthat met themYou havebut two difficulties more to meet withandthen you are in the city.
388- Christian thenand his companionasked themen to go along with them;so they told them they would. Butsaidtheyyou must obtain itby your own faith. So I saw in my dreamthat they went on togetheruntil they came in sight of the gate.
NowI further sawthat betwixt them and thegate was a riverbut there was no bridge to go over: the riverwas very deep.At the sightthereforeof this riverthePilgrims were much stunned;but the men that went in with them saidYoumust go throughor you cannot come at the gate.
390- Death is not welcome to naturethough byit we pass out of this worldinto glory*
The Pilgrims then began to inquire if there wasno other wayto the gate; to which they answeredYes; butthere hath not anysave twoto witEnoch and Elijahbeenpermitted to tread that pathsince the foundation of the worldnor shalluntil the last trumpetshall sound. [1 Cor. 15:5152] ThePilgrims thenespecially Christianbegan to despond in theirmindsand looked this way and thatbut no way couldbe found by themby which they might escape the river. Then they asked the menif the waters were all of a depth.
Angels help us not comfortablythrough death
They said: No; yet theycould not help themin that case; forsaid theyyou shall find itdeeper or shalloweras you believe in the King of the place.
*In the Resurrection of the Righteous. [Rev. 20:4-6]
391- They then addressed themselves to the waterandenteringChristian began to sinkand crying out to hisgood friend Hopefulhe saidI sink in deep waters; the billows goover my headall his waves go over me! Selah.
392- Christian's conflict at the hour of death
Then said the otherBe of good cheermybrotherI feel the bottomand it is good. Then said ChristianAh!my friendthe sorrows of death hath compassed me about; Ishall not see the landthat flows with milk and honey; and with that agreat darknessand horror fell upon Christianso that hecould not see before him.Also here he in great measure lost his sensesso that he could neitherremember nor orderly talk of any of those sweetrefreshmentsthat he had met with in the way of hispilgrimage. But all the wordsthat he spake still tended to discover that hehad horror of mindand heart fears that he should die in thatriverand never obtainentrance in at the gate. Here alsoasthey that stood by perceivedhe was much in the troublesome thoughts of thesins that hehad committedboth since and before he beganto be a pilgrim.It was also observed that he was troubled withapparitionsof hobgoblins and evil spiritsfor ever andanon he wouldintimate so much by words. Hopefulthereforehere had much adoto keep his brother's head above water; yeasometimes he would bequite gone downand thenere a whilehewould rise up againhalf dead. Hopeful also would endeavourto comfort himsayingBrotherI see the gateand men standing by toreceive us:but Christian would answerIt is youit isyou they wait for;you have been Hopeful ever since I knew you. And so have yousaid he to Christian. Ah! brother! saidhesurely if I was righthe would now arise to help me; but for my sinshe hath brought meinto the snareand hath left me. Thensaid HopefulMy brotheryou have quite forgot the textwhere it issaid of the wicked"There are no bands in their deathbuttheir strength is firm.They are not in trouble as other menneitherare they plaguedlike other men. [Ps. 73:45] Thesetroubles and distresses that yougo through in these waters are no sign that Godhath forsaken you;but are sent to try youwhether you will callto mind that whichheretofore you have received of his goodnessand live upon himin your distresses.
393- Christian delivered from his fears indeath
Then I saw in my dreamthat Christian was asin a muse a while.To whom also Hopeful added this wordBe ofgood cheerJesus Christ maketh thee whole; and with thatChristian brake outwith a loud voiceOhI see him again! and hetells me"When thou passest through the watersIwill be with theeand through the riversthey shall not overflowthee." [Isa. 43:2]Then they both took courageand the enemy wasafter that as stillas a stoneuntil they were gone over. Christian thereforepresently found ground to stand uponand so itfollowed thatthe rest of the river was but shallow. Thus they got over.
The angels do wait for themso soon asthey are passed outof this world
Nowupon the bank ofthe riveron the other sidethey saw the two shining men againwho therewaited for them;whereforebeing come out of the rivertheysaluted themsayingWe are ministering spiritssent forth tominister for those thatshall be heirs of salvation. Thus theywent along towards the gate.
394- They have put off mortality
Nowyou must note that the city stoodupon a mighty hillbut the Pilgrims went upthat hill with easebecause they had these two men to lead them upby the arms;alsothey had left their mortal garmentsbehind them in the riverfor though they went in with themthey cameout without them.Theythereforewent up here with much agilityand speedthough the foundation upon which the city wasframed was higher thanthe clouds. They therefore went upthrough the regions of the airsweetly talking as they wentbeing comfortedbecause they safelygot over the riverand had such gloriouscompanions to attend them.
Nownowlook how theholy pilgrims ride
Clouds are theirchariotsangels are their guide:
Who would not here forhim all hazards run
That thus provides forhis when this world's done?
395- The talk they had with the Shining Ones wasabout the gloryof the place; who told them that the beauty andglory of itwas inexpressible. Theresaid theyisthe Mount Zionthe heavenly Jerusalemthe innumerable companyof angelsand the spirits of just men made perfect. [Heb. 12:22-24]You are going nowsaid theyto the paradiseof Godwherein you shallsee the tree of lifeand eat of thenever-fading fruits thereof;and when you come thereyou shall have whiterobes given youand your walk and talk shall be every day withthe Kingeven all the days of eternity. [Rev. 2:73:421:45]There you shall not see again such things asyou saw when you were inthe lower region upon the earthto witsorrowsicknessafflictionand deathfor the former things are passedaway. You are now goingto Abrahamto Isaacand Jacoband to theprophets--men that Godhath taken away from the evil to comeand thatare now restingupon their bedseach one walking in hisrighteousness. [Isa. 57:1265:17] The men then askedWhat must wedo in the holy place?To whom it was answeredYou must there receivethe comfortsof all your toiland have joy for all yoursorrow; you must reapwhat you have sowneven the fruit of all yourprayersand tearsand sufferings for the King by the way. [Gal. 6:7] In that placeyou must wear crowns of goldand enjoy theperpetual sight and visionof the Holy Onefor there you shall see him ashe is. [1 John 3:2]There also you shall serve him continually withpraisewith shoutingand thanksgivingwhom you desired to serve inthe worldthough with much difficultybecause of theinfirmity of your flesh.There your eyes shall be delighted with seeingand your ears withhearing the pleasant voice of the Mighty One. There you shallenjoy your friends again that are gone thitherbefore you;and there you shall with joy receiveevenevery one that followsinto the holy place after you. There alsoshall you be clothedwith glory and majestyand put into anequipage fit to ride outwith the King of Glory. When he shallcome with sound of trumpetin the cloudsas upon the wings of the windyou shall come with him;and when he shall sit upon the throne ofjudgment; you shall sit by him;yeaand when he shall pass sentence upon allthe workers of iniquitylet them be angels or menyou also shall havea voice in that judgmentbecause they were his and your enemies. [1 Thes. 4:13-16Jude 1:14Dan. 7:9101 Cor. 6:23] Alsowhen heshall again return tothe cityyou shall go toowith sound oftrumpetand be ever with him.
396- Now while they were thus drawing towards thegatebehold a companyof the heavenly host came out to meet them; towhom it was saidby the other two Shining OnesThese are themen that haveloved our Lord when they were in the worldandthat have left allfor his holy name; and he hath sent us to fetchthemand we havebrought them thus far on their desired journeythat they may go inand look their Redeemer in the face with joy. Then the heavenly hostgave a great shoutsaying"Blessed arethey which are called untothe marriage supper of the Lamb." [Rev. 19:9] There came out alsoat this time to meet themseveral of theKing's trumpetersclothed in white and shining raimentwhowithmelodious noisesand loudmade even the heavens to echo withtheir sound.These trumpeters saluted Christian and hisfellow with ten thousandwelcomes from the world; and this they did withshoutingand sound of trumpet.
397- This donethey compassed them round on everyside; some went beforesome behindand some on the right handsomeon the left(as it were to guard them through the upperregions)continually sounding as they wentwithmelodious noisein notes on high: so that the very sightwasto them that couldbehold itas if heaven itself was come down tomeet them. Thusthereforethey walked on together; and as theywalkedever and anon these trumpeterseven withjoyful soundwouldby mixing their music with looks andgesturesstill signify to Christian and his brotherhowwelcome they wereinto their companyand with what gladness theycame to meet them;and now were these two menas it wereinheavenbefore they cameat itbeing swallowed up with the sight ofangelsand with hearingof their melodious notes. Here also theyhad the city itself in viewand they thought they heard all the bellstherein to ringto welcome them thereto. But above allthe warm and joyful thoughtsthat they had about their own dwelling therewith such companyand that for ever and ever. Ohby whattongue or pen cantheir glorious joy be expressed! And thusthey came up to the gate.
398- Nowwhen they were come up to the gatetherewas written overit in letters of gold"Blessed are theythat do his commandmentsthat they may have right to the tree of lifeand may enter inthrough the gates into the city." [Rev. 22:14]
399- Then I saw in my dream that the Shining Men bidthem call at the gate;the whichwhen they didsome looked fromabove over the gateto witEnochMosesand Elijah&c.to whom itwas saidThese pilgrimsare come from the City of Destructionfor thelove that they bearto the King of this place; and then thePilgrims gave in unto themeach man his certificatewhich they hadreceived in the beginning;thosethereforewere carried in to the Kingwhowhen he hadread themsaidWhere are the men? Towhom it was answeredThey are standing without the gate. TheKing then commandedto open the gate"That the righteousnation" said he"which keepeth the truthmay enter in." [Isa. 26:2]
400- Now I saw in my dream that these two men wentin at the gate: and loas they enteredthey were transfiguredandthey had raiment put onthat shone like gold. There was also thatmet them withharps and crownsand gave them to them--theharps to praise withaland the crowns in token of honour. Then Iheard in my dreamthat all the bells in the city rang again forjoyand thatit was said unto them"ENTER YE INTO THEJOY OF YOUR LORD."I also heard the men themselvesthat they sangwith a loud voicesaying"BLESSING AND HONOURAND GLORYAND POWERBE UNTO HIMTHAT SITTETH UPON THE THRONEAND UNTO THELAMBFOR EVER AND EVER."[Rev. 5:13]
401- Nowjust as the gates were opened to let inthe menI looked in after themandbeholdthe Cityshone like the sun;the streets also were paved with goldand inthem walked many menwith crowns on their headspalms in theirhandsand golden harpsto sing praises withal.
402- There were also of them that had wingsandthey answered one anotherwithout intermissionsaying"Holyholyholy is the Lord."[Rev. 4:8] And after that they shut upthe gates; whichwhen I had seenI wished myself among them.
403- Ignorance comes up to the river
Now while I was gazing upon all these thingsIturned my headto look backand saw Ignorance come up to theriver side;but he soon got overand that without halfthat difficulty whichthe other two men met with.
Vain-hopedoes ferry him over
For it happened that there was then in thatplaceone Vain-hopea ferrymanthat with his boat helped him over;so heas the other I sawdid ascend the hilltocome up to the gateonly he came alone; neither did any man meethim withthe least encouragement. When he was comeup to the gatehe looked up to the writing that was aboveandthen began to knocksupposing that entrance should have beenquickly administered to him;but he was asked by the men that looked overthe top of the gateWhence came youand what would you have? He answeredI have eat and drank in the presence of theKingand he has taughtin our streets. Then they asked him forhis certificatethat they might go in and show it to the King;so he fumbledin his bosom for oneand found none. Then said theyHave you none?But the man answered never a word. Sothey told the Kingbut he would not come down to see himbutcommandedthe two Shining Ones that conducted Christianand Hopeful to the Cityto go out and take Ignoranceand bind him handand footand have him away. Then they took him upand carried himthrough the air to the door that I saw in theside of the hilland put him in there. Then I saw thatthere was a way to helleven from the gates of heavenas well as fromthe City of Destruction.So I awokeand behold it was a dream.
404- The Conclusion.
NowReaderI have told my dream to thee;See if thou canst interpret it to meOr to thyselfor neighbour; but take heedOf misinterpreting; for thatinsteadOf doing goodwill but thyself abuse:By misinterpretingevil ensues.
Take heedalsothat thou be not extremeIn playing with the outside of my dream:Nor let my figure or similitudePut thee into a laughter or a feud.Leave this for boys and fools; but as for theeDo thou the substance of my matter see.
Put by the curtainslook within my veilTurn up my metaphorsand do not failThereif thou seekest themsuch things tofindAs will be helpful to an honest mind.
What of my dross thou findest therebe boldTo throw awaybut yet preserve the gold;What if my gold be wrapped up in ore?--None throws away the apple for the core.But if thou shalt cast all away as vainI know not but 'twill make me dream again.
2. Sections are numbered for futurereference.
The sectionshave been chosen arbitrarilyi.e.1- 2-
3. This is `Part 1'but is a completework in itself.
Bunyan wrote a sequel (`Part 2') some yearsafter the first parthence the `Parts'.