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SONS AND LOVERS

D. H. LAWRENCE
CONTENTS

PART I

1. The Early Married Life of the Morels
2. The Birth of Pauland Another Battle
3. The Casting Off of Morel--The Taking on of William
4. The Young Life of Paul
5. Paul Launches into Life
6. Death in the Family
PART II

7. Lad-and-Girl Love
8. Strife in Love
9. Defeat of Miriam
10. Clara
11. The Test on Miriam
12. Passion
13. Baxter Dawes
14. The Release
15. Derelict
PART ONE


CHAPTER I


THE EARLY MARRIED LIFE OF THE MORELS


THE BOTTOMSsucceeded to "Hell Row". Hell Row was a block of thatched
bulging cottages that stood by the brookside on Greenhill Lane.
There lived the colliers who worked in the little gin-pits two
fields away. The brook ran under the alder treesscarcely soiled
by these small mineswhose coal was drawn to the surface by
donkeys that plodded wearily in a circle round a gin. And all
over the countryside were these same pitssome of which had been
worked in the time of Charles IIthe few colliers and the donkeys
burrowing down like ants into the earthmaking queer mounds
and little black places among the corn-fields and the meadows.
And the cottages of these coal-minersin blocks and pairs here
and theretogether with odd farms and homes of the stockingers
straying over the parishformed the village of Bestwood.


Thensome sixty years agoa sudden change took place.
The gin-pits were elbowed aside by the large mines of
the financiers. The coal and iron field of Nottinghamshire and
Derbyshire was discovered. CarstonWaite and Co. appeared.
Amid tremendous excitementLord Palmerston formally opened
the company's first mine at Spinney Parkon the edge of Sherwood Forest.


About this time the notorious Hell Rowwhich through growing
old had acquired an evil reputationwas burned downand much dirt
was cleansed away.



CarstonWaite & Co. found they had struck on a good thing
sodown the valleys of the brooks from Selby and Nuttallnew mines
were sunkuntil soon there were six pits working. From Nuttall
high up on the sandstone among the woodsthe railway ranpast the
ruined priory of the Carthusians and past Robin Hood's Welldown to
Spinney Parkthen on to Mintona large mine among corn-fields;
from Minton across the farmlands of the valleyside to
Bunker's Hillbranching off thereand running
north to Beggarlee and Selbythat looks over at Crich and the hills
of Derbyshire: six mines like black studs on the countryside
linked by a loop of fine chainthe railway.


To accommodate the regiments of minersCarstonWaite and Co.
built the Squaresgreat quadrangles of dwellings on the hillside
of Bestwoodand thenin the brook valleyon the site of Hell Row
they erected the Bottoms.


The Bottoms consisted of six blocks of miners' dwellings
two rows of threelike the dots on a blank-six dominoand twelve
houses in a block. This double row of dwellings sat at the foot
of the rather sharp slope from Bestwoodand looked outfrom the
attic windows at leaston the slow climb of the valley towards Selby.


The houses themselves were substantial and very decent.
One could walk all roundseeing little front gardens with auriculas
and saxifrage in the shadow of the bottom blocksweet-williams and pinks
in the sunny top block; seeing neat front windowslittle porches
little privet hedgesand dormer windows for the attics. But that
was outside; that was the view on to the uninhabited parlours of all
the colliers' wives. The dwelling-roomthe kitchenwas at the back
of the housefacing inward between the blockslooking at a scrubby
back gardenand then at the ash-pits. And between the rows
between the long lines of ash-pitswent the alleywhere the children
played and the women gossiped and the men smoked. Sothe actual
conditions of living in the Bottomsthat was so well built and
that looked so nicewere quite unsavoury because people must live
in the kitchenand the kitchens opened on to that nasty alley of ash-pits.


Mrs. Morel was not anxious to move into the Bottoms
which was already twelve years old and on the downward path
when she descended to it from Bestwood. But it was the best she
could do. Moreovershe had an end house in one of the top blocks
and thus had only one neighbour; on the other side an extra strip
of garden. Andhaving an end houseshe enjoyed a kind of aristocracy
among the other women of the "between" housesbecause her rent
was five shillings and sixpence instead of five shillings a week.
But this superiority in station was not much consolation to Mrs. Morel.


She was thirty-one years oldand had been married eight years.
A rather small womanof delicate mould but resolute bearing
she shrank a little from the first contact with the Bottoms women.
She came down in the Julyand in the September expected her
third baby.


Her husband was a miner. They had only been in their new home
three weeks when the wakesor fairbegan. Morelshe knewwas sure
to make a holiday of it. He went off early on the Monday morning
the day of the fair. The two children were highly excited.
Williama boy of sevenfled off immediately after breakfast
to prowl round the wakes groundleaving Anniewho was only five
to whine all morning to go also. Mrs. Morel did her work.
She scarcely knew her neighbours yetand knew no one with whom
to trust the little girl. So she promised to take her to the wakes



after dinner.


William appeared at half-past twelve. He was a very active lad
fair-hairedfreckledwith a touch of the Dane or Norwegian
about him.


Can I have my dinner, mother?he criedrushing in with his
cap on. "'Cause it begins at half-past onethe man says so."


You can have your dinner as soon as it's done,replied the mother.


Isn't it done?he criedhis blue eyes staring at her
in indignation. "Then I'm goin' be-out it."


You'll do nothing of the sort. It will be done in five minutes.
It is only half-past twelve.


They'll be beginnin',the boy half criedhalf shouted.


You won't die if they do,said the mother. "Besidesit's
only half-past twelveso you've a full hour."


The lad began hastily to lay the tableand directly the three
sat down. They were eating batter-pudding and jamwhen the boy
jumped off his chair and stood perfectly stiff. Some distance
away could be heard the first small braying of a merry-go-round
and the tooting of a horn. His face quivered as he looked at his mother.


I told you!he saidrunning to the dresser for his cap.


Take your pudding in your hand--and it's only five past one,
so you were wrong--you haven't got your twopence,cried the mother
in a breath.


The boy came backbitterly disappointedfor his twopence
then went off without a word.


I want to go, I want to go,said Anniebeginning to cry.


Well, and you shall go, whining, wizzening little stick!
said the mother. And later in the afternoon she trudged up the
hill under the tall hedge with her child. The hay was gathered
from the fieldsand cattle were turned on to the eddish.
It was warmpeaceful.


Mrs. Morel did not like the wakes. There were two sets of horses
one going by steamone pulled round by a pony; three organs
were grindingand there came odd cracks of pistol-shotsfearful
screeching of the cocoanut man's rattleshouts of the Aunt Sally man
screeches from the peep-show lady. The mother perceived her son gazing
enraptured outside the Lion Wallace boothat the pictures of this
famous lion that had killed a negro and maimed for life two white men.
She left him aloneand went to get Annie a spin of toffee.
Presently the lad stood in front of herwildly excited.


You never said you was coming--isn't the' a lot of things?-
that lion's killed three men-l've spent my tuppence-an' look here.


He pulled from his pocket two egg-cupswith pink moss-roses
on them.


I got these from that stall where y'ave ter get them marbles
in them holes. An' I got these two in two goes-'aepenny a go-they've
got moss-roses on, look here. I wanted these.



She knew he wanted them for her.

H'm!she saidpleased. "They ARE pretty!"

Shall you carry 'em, 'cause I'm frightened o' breakin' 'em?

He was tipful of excitement now she had comeled her about
the groundshowed her everything. Thenat the peep-showshe
explained the picturesin a sort of storyto which he listened
as if spellbound. He would not leave her. All the time he
stuck close to herbristling with a small boy's pride of her.
For no other woman looked such a lady as she didin her little black
bonnet and her cloak. She smiled when she saw women she knew.
When she was tired she said to her son:


Well, are you coming now, or later?


Are you goin' a'ready?he criedhis face full of reproach.


Already? It is past four, I know.


What are you goin' a'ready for?he lamented.


You needn't come if you don't want,she said.


And she went slowly away with her little girlwhilst her son
stood watching hercut to the heart to let her goand yet unable
to leave the wakes. As she crossed the open ground in front of
the Moon and Stars she heard men shoutingand smelled the beer
and hurried a littlethinking her husband was probably in the bar.


At about half-past six her son came hometired nowrather pale
and somewhat wretched. He was miserablethough he did not know it
because he had let her go alone. Since she had gonehe had not
enjoyed his wakes.


Has my dad been?he asked.


No,said the mother.


He's helping to wait at the Moon and Stars. I seed him through
that black tin stuff wi' holes in, on the window, wi' his sleeves
rolled up.


Ha!exclaimed the mother shortly. "He's got no money.
An' he'll be satisfied if he gets his 'lowancewhether they
give him more or not."


When the light was fadingand Mrs. Morel could see no more to sew
she rose and went to the door. Everywhere was the sound of excitement
the restlessness of the holidaythat at last infected her. She went
out into the side garden. Women were coming home from the wakes
the children hugging a white lamb with green legsor a wooden horse.
Occasionally a man lurched pastalmost as full as he could carry.
Sometimes a good husband came along with his familypeacefully.
But usually the women and children were alone. The stay-at-home mothers
stood gossiping at the corners of the alleyas the twilight sank
folding their arms under their white aprons.


Mrs. Morel was alonebut she was used to it. Her son and her
little girl slept upstairs; soit seemedher home was there behind her
fixed and stable. But she felt wretched with the coming child.
The world seemed a dreary placewhere nothing else would happen



for her--at least until William grew up. But for herself
nothing but this dreary endurance--till the children grew up.
And the children! She could not afford to have this third.
She did not want it. The father was serving beer in a public house
swilling himself drunk. She despised himand was tied to him.
This coming child was too much for her. If it were not for William
and Annieshe was sick of itthe struggle with
poverty and ugliness and meanness.


She went into the front gardenfeeling too heavy to take
herself outyet unable to stay indoors. The heat suffocated her.
And looking aheadthe prospect of her life made her feel as if she
were buried alive.


The front garden was a small square with a privet hedge.
There she stoodtrying to soothe herself with the scent of flowers
and the fadingbeautiful evening. Opposite her small gate was the
stile that led uphillunder the tall hedge between the burning glow
of the cut pastures. The sky overhead throbbed and pulsed with light.
The glow sank quickly off the field; the earth and the hedges
smoked dusk. As it grew darka ruddy glare came out on the hilltop
and out of the glare the diminished commotion of the fair.


Sometimesdown the trough of darkness formed by the path
under the hedgesmen came lurching home. One young man lapsed
into a run down the steep bit that ended the hilland went with a
crash into the stile. Mrs. Morel shuddered. He picked himself up
swearing viciouslyrather patheticallyas if he thought the stile
had wanted to hurt him.


She went indoorswondering if things were never going to alter.
She was beginning by now to realise that they would not. She seemed
so far away from her girlhoodshe wondered if it were the same
person walking heavily up the back garden at the Bottoms as had run
so lightly up the breakwater at Sheerness ten years before.


What have I to do with it?she said to herself. "What have
I to do with all this? Even the child I am going to have!
It doesn't seem as if I were taken into account."


Sometimes life takes hold of onecarries the body along
accomplishes one's historyand yet is not realbut leaves oneself
as it were slurred over.


I wait,Mrs. Morel said to herself--"I waitand what I wait
for can never come."


Then she straightened the kitchenlit the lampmended the fire
looked out the washing for the next dayand put it to soak.
After which she sat down to her sewing. Through the long hours her
needle flashed regularly through the stuff. Occasionally she sighed
moving to relieve herself. And all the time she was thinking
how to make the most of what she hadfor the children's sakes.


At half-past eleven her husband came. His cheeks were very
red and very shiny above his black moustache. His head nodded slightly.
He was pleased with himself.


Oh! Oh! waitin' for me, lass? I've bin 'elpin' Anthony, an'
what's think he's gen me? Nowt b'r a lousy hae'f-crown, an'
that's ivry penny---


He thinks you've made the rest up in beer,she said shortly.



An' I 'aven't--that I 'aven't. You b'lieve me, I've 'ad
very little this day, I have an' all.His voice went tender.
Here, an' I browt thee a bit o' brandysnap, an' a cocoanut for th'
children.He laid the gingerbread and the cocoanuta hairy object
on the table. "Naytha niver said thankyer for nowt i' thy life
did ter?"


As a compromiseshe picked up the cocoanut and shook it
to see if it had any milk.


It's a good 'un, you may back yer life o' that. I got it fra'
Bill Hodgkisson. 'Bill,' I says, 'tha non wants them three nuts,
does ter? Arena ter for gi'ein' me one for my bit of a lad an'
wench?' 'I ham, Walter, my lad,' 'e says; 'ta'e which on 'em
ter's a mind.' An' so I took one, an' thanked 'im. I didn't
like ter shake it afore 'is eyes, but 'e says, 'Tha'd better ma'e
sure it's a good un, Walt.' An' so, yer see, I knowed it was.
He's a nice chap, is Bill Hodgkisson, e's a nice chap!


A man will part with anything so long as he's drunk,
and you're drunk along with him,said Mrs. Morel.


Eh, tha mucky little 'ussy, who's drunk, I sh'd like ter know?
said Morel. He was extraordinarily pleased with himself
because of his day's helping to wait in the Moon and Stars.
He chattered on.


Mrs. Morelvery tiredand sick of his babblewent to bed
as quickly as possiblewhile he raked the fire.


Mrs. Morel came of a good old burgher familyfamous independents
who had fought with Colonel Hutchinsonand who remained stout
Congregationalists. Her grandfather had gone bankrupt in the lace-market
at a time when so many lace-manufacturers were ruined in Nottingham.
Her fatherGeorge Coppardwas an engineer--a largehandsome
haughty manproud of his fair skin and blue eyesbut more proud
still of his integrity. Gertrude resembled her mother in her small
build. But her temperproud and unyieldingshe had from the Coppards.


George Coppard was bitterly galled by his own poverty.
He became foreman of the engineers in the dockyard at Sheerness.
Mrs. Morel--Gertrude--was the second daughter. She favoured her mother
loved her mother best of all; but she had the Coppards' clear
defiant blue eyes and their broad brow. She remembered to have
hated her father's overbearing manner towards her gentlehumorous
kindly-souled mother. She remembered running over the breakwater
at Sheerness and finding the boat. She remembered to have been
petted and flattered by all the men when she had gone to the dockyard
for she was a delicaterather proud child. She remembered the funny
old mistresswhose assistant she had becomewhom she had loved to help
in the private school. And she still had the Bible that John Field
had given her. She used to walk home from chapel with John Field
when she was nineteen. He was the son of a well-to-do tradesman
had been to college in Londonand was to devote himself to business.


She could always recall in detail a September Sunday afternoon
when they had sat under the vine at the back of her father's house.
The sun came through the chinks of the vine-leaves and made
beautiful patternslike a lace scarffalling on her and on him.
Some of the leaves were clean yellowlike yellow flat flowers.


Now sit still,he had cried. "Now your hairI don't know
what it IS like! It's as bright as copper and goldas red as
burnt copperand it has gold threads where the sun shines on it.



Fancy their saying it's brown. Your mother calls it mouse-colour."


She had met his brilliant eyesbut her clear face scarcely
showed the elation which rose within her.


But you say you don't like business,she pursued.


I don't. I hate it!he cried hotly.


And you would like to go into the ministry,she half implored.


I should. I should love it, if I thought I could make
a first-rate preacher.


Then why don't you--why DON'T you?Her voice rang with defiance.
If I were a man, nothing would stop me.


She held her head erect. He was rather timid before her.


But my father's so stiff-necked. He means to put me into
the business, and I know he'll do it.


But if you're a MAN?she had cried.


Being a man isn't everything,he repliedfrowning with
puzzled helplessness.


Nowas she moved about her work at the Bottomswith some
experience of what being a man meantshe knew that it was NOT everything.


At twentyowing to her healthshe had left Sheerness.
Her father had retired home to Nottingham. John Field's father
had been ruined; the son had gone as a teacher in Norwood. She did
not hear of him untiltwo years latershe made determined inquiry.
He had married his landladya woman of fortya widow with property.


And still Mrs. Morel preserved John Field's Bible. She did
not now believe him to be--- Wellshe understood pretty well what he
might or might not have been. So she preserved his Bibleand kept
his memory intact in her heartfor her own sake. To her dying day
for thirty-five yearsshe did not speak of him.


When she was twenty-three years oldshe metat a Christmas
partya young man from the Erewash Valley. Morel was then
twenty-seven years old. He was well set-uperectand very smart.
He had wavy black hair that shone againand a vigorous black
beard that had never been shaved. His cheeks were ruddy
and his redmoist mouth was noticeable because he laughed so often
and so heartily. He had that rare thinga richringing laugh.
Gertrude Coppard had watched himfascinated. He was so full of
colour and animationhis voice ran so easily into comic grotesque
he was so ready and so pleasant with everybody. Her own father
had a rich fund of humourbut it was satiric. This man's
was different: softnon-intellectualwarma kind of gambolling.


She herself was opposite. She had a curiousreceptive mind
which found much pleasure and amusement in listening to other folk.
She was clever in leading folk to talk. She loved ideasand was
considered very intellectual. What she liked most of all was an
argument on religion or philosophy or politics with some educated man.
This she did not often enjoy. So she always had people tell her
about themselvesfinding her pleasure so.


In her person she was rather small and delicatewith a



large browand dropping bunches of brown silk curls. Her blue eyes
were very straighthonestand searching. She had the beautiful
hands of the Coppards. Her dress was always subdued. She wore
dark blue silkwith a peculiar silver chain of silver scallops.
Thisand a heavy brooch of twisted goldwas her only ornament.
She was still perfectly intactdeeply religiousand full
of beautiful candour.


Walter Morel seemed melted away before her. She was
to the miner that thing of mystery and fascinationa lady.
When she spoke to himit was with a southern pronunciation and a
purity of English which thrilled him to hear. She watched him.
He danced wellas if it were natural and joyous in him to dance.
His grandfather was a French refugee who had married an English
barmaid--if it had been a marriage. Gertrude Coppard watched the
young miner as he danceda certain subtle exultation like glamour in
his movementand his face the flower of his bodyruddywith tumbled
black hairand laughing alike whatever partner he bowed above.
She thought him rather wonderfulnever having met anyone like him.
Her father was to her the type of all men. And George Coppard
proud in his bearinghandsomeand rather bitter; who preferred
theology in readingand who drew near in sympathy only to one man
the Apostle Paul; who was harsh in governmentand in familiarity ironic;
who ignored all sensuous pleasure:--he was very different from
the miner. Gertrude herself was rather contemptuous of dancing;
she had not the slightest inclination towards that accomplishment
and had never learned even a Roger de Coverley. She was puritan
like her fatherhigh-mindedand really stern. Therefore the dusky
golden softness of this man's sensuous flame of lifethat flowed off
his flesh like the flame from a candlenot baffled and gripped into
incandescence by thought and spirit as her life wasseemed to her
something wonderfulbeyond her.


He came and bowed above her. A warmth radiated through her
as if she had drunk wine.


Now do come and have this one wi' me,he said caressively.
It's easy, you know. I'm pining to see you dance.


She had told him before she could not dance. She glanced
at his humility and smiled. Her smile was very beautiful.
It moved the man so that he forgot everything.


No, I won't dance,she said softly. Her words came clean
and ringing.


Not knowing what he was doing--he often did the right thing
by instinct--he sat beside herinclining reverentially.


But you mustn't miss your dance,she reproved.


Nay, I don't want to dance that--it's not one as I care about.


Yet you invited me to it.


He laughed very heartily at this.


I never thought o' that. Tha'rt not long in taking the curl
out of me.


It was her turn to laugh quickly.


You don't look as if you'd come much uncurled,she said.



I'm like a pig's tail, I curl because I canna help it,
he laughedrather boisterously.


And you are a miner!she exclaimed in surprise.


Yes. I went down when I was ten.


She looked at him in wondering dismay.


When you were ten! And wasn't it very hard?she asked.


You soon get used to it. You live like th' mice, an' you pop
out at night to see what's going on.


It makes me feel blind,she frowned.


Like a moudiwarp!he laughed. "Yian' there's some chaps
as does go round like moudiwarps." He thrust his face forward
in the blindsnout-like way of a moleseeming to sniff and
peer for direction. "They dun though!" he protested naively.
Tha niver seed such a way they get in. But tha mun let me ta'e
thee down some time, an' tha can see for thysen.


She looked at himstartled. This was a new tract of life
suddenly opened before her. She realised the life of the miners
hundreds of them toiling below earth and coming up at evening.
He seemed to her noble. He risked his life dailyand with gaiety.
She looked at himwith a touch of appeal in her pure humility.


Shouldn't ter like it?he asked tenderly. "'Appen not
it 'ud dirty thee."


She had never been "thee'd" and "thou'd" before.


The next Christmas they were marriedand for three months
she was perfectly happy: for six months she was very happy.


He had signed the pledgeand wore the blue ribbon of a
tee-totaller: he was nothing if not showy. They livedshe thought
in his own house. It was smallbut convenient enoughand quite
nicely furnishedwith solidworthy stuff that suited her honest soul.
The womenher neighbourswere rather foreign to herand Morel's
mother and sisters were apt to sneer at her ladylike ways.
But she could perfectly well live by herselfso long as she
had her husband close.


Sometimeswhen she herself wearied of love-talkshe tried
to open her heart seriously to him. She saw him listen deferentially
but without understanding. This killed her efforts at a finer intimacy
and she had flashes of fear. Sometimes he was restless of an evening:
it was not enough for him just to be near hershe realised.
She was glad when he set himself to little jobs.


He was a remarkably handy man--could make or mend anything.
So she would say:


I do like that coal-rake of your mother's--it is small and natty.


Does ter, my wench? Well, I made that, so I can make thee
one!


What! why, it's a steel one!



An' what if it is! Tha s'lt ha'e one very similar, if not
exactly same.


She did not mind the messnor the hammering and noise.
He was busy and happy.


But in the seventh monthwhen she was brushing his Sunday coat
she felt papers in the breast pocketandseized with a sudden curiosity
took them out to read. He very rarely wore the frock-coat he was
married in: and it had not occurred to her before to feel curious
concerning the papers. They were the bills of the household furniture
still unpaid.


Look here,she said at nightafter he was washed and had
had his dinner. "I found these in the pocket of your wedding-coat.
Haven't you settled the bills yet?"


No. I haven't had a chance.


But you told me all was paid. I had better go into Nottingham
on Saturday and settle them. I don't like sitting on another man's
chairs and eating from an unpaid table.


He did not answer.


I can have your bank-book, can't I?


Tha can ha'e it, for what good it'll be to thee.


I thought---she began. He had told her he had a good bit of
money left over. But she realised it was no use asking questions.
She sat rigid with bitterness and indignation.


The next day she went down to see his mother.


Didn't you buy the furniture for Walter?she asked.


Yes, I did,tartly retorted the elder woman.


And how much did he give you to pay for it?


The elder woman was stung with fine indignation.


Eighty pound, if you're so keen on knowin',she replied.


Eighty pounds! But there are forty-two pounds still owing!


I can't help that.


But where has it all gone?


You'll find all the papers, I think, if you look--beside ten
pound as he owed me, an' six pound as the wedding cost down here.


Six pounds!echoed Gertrude Morel. It seemed to her
monstrous thatafter her own father had paid so heavily
for her weddingsix pounds more should have been squandered
in eating and drinking at Walter's parents' houseat his expense.


And how much has he sunk in his houses?she asked.


His houses--which houses?


Gertrude Morel went white to the lips. He had told her



the house he lived inand the next onewas his own.

I thought the house we live in---she began.

They're my houses, those two,said the mother-in-law. "And
not clear either. It's as much as I can do to keep the mortgage
interest paid."


Gertrude sat white and silent. She was her father now.


Then we ought to be paying you rent,she said coldly.


Walter is paying me rent,replied the mother.


And what rent?asked Gertrude.


Six and six a week,retorted the mother.


It was more than the house was worth. Gertrude held her
head erectlooked straight before her.


It is lucky to be you,said the elder womanbitingly
to have a husband as takes all the worry of the money, and leaves
you a free hand.


The young wife was silent.


She said very little to her husbandbut her manner had
changed towards him. Something in her proudhonourable soul
had crystallised out hard as rock.


When October came inshe thought only of Christmas. Two years ago
at Christmasshe had met him. Last Christmas she had married him.
This Christmas she would bear him a child.


You don't dance yourself, do you, missis?asked her
nearest neighbourin Octoberwhen there was great talk
of opening a dancing-class over the Brick and Tile Inn at Bestwood.


No--I never had the least inclination to,Mrs. Morel replied.


Fancy! An' how funny as you should ha' married your Mester.
You know he's quite a famous one for dancing.


I didn't know he was famous,laughed Mrs. Morel.


Yea, he is though! Why, he ran that dancing-class in the Miners'
Arms club-room for over five year.


Did he?


Yes, he did.The other woman was defiant. "An' it was
thronged every Tuesdayand Thursdayan' Sat'day--an' there WAS
carryin's-onaccordin' to all accounts."


This kind of thing was gall and bitterness to Mrs. Morel
and she had a fair share of it. The women did not spare herat first;
for she was superiorthough she could not help it.


He began to be rather late in coming home.


They're working very late now, aren't they?she said to her
washer-woman.



No later than they allers do, I don't think. But they stop to
have their pint at Ellen's, an' they get talkin', an' there you are!
Dinner stone cold--an' it serves 'em right.


But Mr. Morel does not take any drink.


The woman dropped the clotheslooked at Mrs. Morelthen went
on with her worksaying nothing.


Gertrude Morel was very ill when the boy was born.
Morel was good to heras good as gold. But she felt very lonely
miles away from her own people. She felt lonely with him now
and his presence only made it more intense.


The boy was small and frail at firstbut he came on quickly.
He was a beautiful childwith dark gold ringletsand dark-blue
eyes which changed gradually to a clear grey. His mother loved
him passionately. He came just when her own bitterness of
disillusion was hardest to bear; when her faith in life was shaken
and her soul felt dreary and lonely. She made much of the child
and the father was jealous.


At last Mrs. Morel despised her husband. She turned to
the child; she turned from the father. He had begun to neglect her;
the novelty of his own home was gone. He had no gritshe said
bitterly to herself. What he felt just at the minutethat was all to him.
He could not abide by anything. There was nothing at the back
of all his show.


There began a battle between the husband and wife--a fearful
bloody battle that ended only with the death of one. She fought
to make him undertake his own responsibilitiesto make him fulfill
his obligations. But he was too different from her. His nature
was purely sensuousand she strove to make him moralreligious.
She tried to force him to face things. He could not endure it--it
drove him out of his mind.


While the baby was still tinythe father's temper had become
so irritable that it was not to be trusted. The child had only to
give a little trouble when the man began to bully. A little more
and the hard hands of the collier hit the baby. Then Mrs. Morel
loathed her husbandloathed him for days; and he went out and drank;
and she cared very little what he did. Onlyon his return
she scathed him with her satire.


The estrangement between them caused himknowingly or unknowingly
grossly to offend her where he would not have done.


William was only one year oldand his mother was proud of him
he was so pretty. She was not well off nowbut her sisters kept
the boy in clothes. Thenwith his little white hat curled with an
ostrich featherand his white coathe was a joy to herthe twining
wisps of hair clustering round his head. Mrs. Morel lay listening
one Sunday morningto the chatter of the father and child downstairs.
Then she dozed off. When she came downstairsa great fire glowed
in the gratethe room was hotthe breakfast was roughly laid
and seated in his armchairagainst the chimney-piecesat Morel
rather timid; and standing between his legsthe child--cropped
like a sheepwith such an odd round poll--looking wondering at her;
and on a newspaper spread out upon the hearthruga myriad of
crescent-shaped curlslike the petals of a marigold scattered in the
reddening firelight.


Mrs. Morel stood still. It was her first baby. She went



very whiteand was unable to speak.

What dost think o' 'im?Morel laughed uneasily.

She gripped her two fistslifted themand came forward.
Morel shrank back.


I could kill you, I could!she said. She choked with rage
her two fists uplifted.


Yer non want ter make a wench on 'im,Morel saidin a
frightened tonebending his head to shield his eyes from hers.
His attempt at laughter had vanished.


The mother looked down at the jaggedclose-clipped head of
her child. She put her hands on his hairand stroked and fondled
his head.


Oh--my boy!she faltered. Her lip trembledher face broke
andsnatching up the childshe buried her face in his shoulder
and cried painfully. She was one of those women who cannot cry;
whom it hurts as it hurts a man. It was like ripping something
out of herher sobbing.


Morel sat with his elbows on his kneeshis hands gripped
together till the knuckles were white. He gazed in the fire
feeling almost stunnedas if he could not breathe.


Presently she came to an endsoothed the child and cleared away
the breakfast-table. She left the newspaperlittered with curls
spread upon the hearthrug. At last her husband gathered it up and put
it at the back of the fire. She went about her work with closed
mouth and very quiet. Morel was subdued. He crept about wretchedly
and his meals were a misery that day. She spoke to him civilly
and never alluded to what he had done. But he felt something final
had happened.


Afterwards she said she had been sillythat the boy's hair
would have had to be cutsooner or later. In the endshe even
brought herself to say to her husband it was just as well he had
played barber when he did. But she knewand Morel knewthat that
act had caused something momentous to take place in her soul.
She remembered the scene all her lifeas one in which she had
suffered the most intensely.


This act of masculine clumsiness was the spear through the side of
her love for Morel. Beforewhile she had striven against him bitterly
she had fretted after himas if he had gone astray from her.
Now she ceased to fret for his love: he was an outsider to her.
This made life much more bearable.


Neverthelessshe still continued to strive with him. She still
had her high moral senseinherited from generations of Puritans.
It was now a religious instinctand she was almost a fanatic
with himbecause she loved himor had loved him. If he sinned
she tortured him. If he drankand liedwas often a poltroon
sometimes a knaveshe wielded the lash unmercifully.


The pity wasshe was too much his opposite. She could not be
content with the little he might be; she would have him the much that
he ought to be. Soin seeking to make him nobler than he could be
she destroyed him. She injured and hurt and scarred herself
but she lost none of her worth. She also had the children.



He drank rather heavilythough not more than many miners
and always beerso that whilst his health was affectedit was
never injured. The week-end was his chief carouse. He sat in
the Miners' Arms until turning-out time every Fridayevery Saturday
and every Sunday evening. On Monday and Tuesday he had to get up
and reluctantly leave towards ten o'clock. Sometimes he stayed at home
on Wednesday and Thursday eveningsor was only out for an hour.
He practically never had to miss work owing to his drinking.


But although he was very steady at workhis wages fell off.
He was blab-moutheda tongue-wagger. Authority was hateful to him
therefore he could only abuse the pit-managers. He would say
in the Palmerston:


Th' gaffer come down to our stall this morning, an' 'e says,
'You know, Walter, this 'ere'll not do. What about these props?'
An' I says to him, 'Why, what art talkin' about? What d'st
mean about th' props?' 'It'll never do, this 'ere,' 'e says.
'You'll be havin' th' roof in, one o' these days.' An' I says,
'Tha'd better stan' on a bit o' clunch, then, an' hold it up wi'
thy 'ead.' So 'e wor that mad, 'e cossed an' 'e swore, an'
t'other chaps they did laugh.Morel was a good mimic. He imitated
the manager's fatsqueaky voicewith its attempt at good English.


'I shan't have it, Walter. Who knows more about it, me or you?'
So I says, 'I've niver fun out how much tha' knows, Alfred.
It'll 'appen carry thee ter bed an' back.'


So Morel would go on to the amusement of his boon companions.
And some of this would be true. The pit-manager was not an
educated man. He had been a boy along with Morelso that
while the two disliked each otherthey more or less took each
other for granted. But Alfred Charlesworth did not forgive
the butty these public-house sayings. Consequentlyalthough Morel
was a good minersometimes earning as much as five pounds a week
when he marriedhe came gradually to have worse and worse stalls
where the coal was thinand hard to getand unprofitable.


Alsoin summerthe pits are slack. Oftenon bright sunny
morningsthe men are seen trooping home again at tenelevenor twelve
o'clock. No empty trucks stand at the pit-mouth. The women on the
hillside look across as they shake the hearthrug against the fence
and count the wagons the engine is taking along the line up the valley.
And the childrenas they come from school at dinner-timelooking
down the fields and seeing the wheels on the headstocks standingsay:


Minton's knocked off. My dad'll be at home.


And there is a sort of shadow over allwomen and children
and menbecause money will be short at the end of the week.


Morel was supposed to give his wife thirty shillings a week
to provide everything--rentfoodclothesclubsinsurancedoctors.
Occasionallyif he were flushhe gave her thirty-five. But
these occasions by no means balanced those when he gave her
twenty-five. In winterwith a decent stallthe miner might
earn fifty or fifty-five shillings a week. Then he was happy.
On Friday nightSaturdayand Sundayhe spent royallygetting rid
of his sovereign or thereabouts. And out of so muchhe scarcely
spared the children an extra penny or bought them a pound of apples.
It all went in drink. In the bad timesmatters were more worrying
but he was not so often drunkso that Mrs. Morel used to say:


I'm not sure I wouldn't rather be short, for when he's flush,



there isn't a minute of peace.


If he earned forty shillings he kept ten; from thirty-five he
kept five; from thirty-two he kept four; from twenty-eight he kept three;
from twenty-four he kept two; from twenty he kept one-and-six;
from eighteen he kept a shilling; from sixteen he kept sixpence.
He never saved a pennyand he gave his wife no opportunity
of saving; insteadshe had occasionally to pay his debts;
not public-house debtsfor those never were passed on to the women
but debts when he had bought a canaryor a fancy walking-stick.


At the wakes time Morel was working badlyand
Mrs. Morel was trying to save against her confinement.
So it galled her bitterly to think he should be out
taking his pleasure and spending moneywhilst she remained
at homeharassed. There were two days' holiday. On the Tuesday
morning Morel rose early. He was in good spirits. Quite early
before six o'clockshe heard him whistling away to himself downstairs.
He had a pleasant way of whistlinglively and musical.
He nearly always whistled hymns. He had been a choir-boy with
a beautiful voiceand had taken solos in Southwell cathedral.
His morning whistling alone betrayed it.


His wife lay listening to him tinkering away in the garden
his whistling ringing out as he sawed and hammered away. It always
gave her a sense of warmth and peace to hear him thus as she lay
in bedthe children not yet awakein the bright early morning
happy in his man's fashion.


At nine o'clockwhile the children with bare legs and feet
were sitting playing on the sofaand the mother was washing up
he came in from his carpentryhis sleeves rolled uphis waistcoat
hanging open. He was still a good-looking manwith black
wavy hairand a large black moustache. His face was perhaps too
much inflamedand there was about him a look almost of peevishness.
But now he was jolly. He went straight to the sink where his wife
was washing up.


What, are thee there!he said boisterously. "Sluthe off an'
let me wesh mysen."


You may wait till I've finished,said his wife.


Oh, mun I? An' what if I shonna?


This good-humoured threat amused Mrs. Morel.


Then you can go and wash yourself in the soft-water tub.


Ha! I can' an' a', tha mucky little 'ussy.


With which he stood watching her a momentthen went away
to wait for her.


When he chose he could still make himself again a real gallant.
Usually he preferred to go out with a scarf round his neck.
Nowhoweverhe made a toilet. There seemed so much gusto in the way
he puffed and swilled as he washed himselfso much alacrity with
which he hurried to the mirror in the kitchenandbending because
it was too low for himscrupulously parted his wet black hair
that it irritated Mrs. Morel. He put on a turn-down collar
a black bowand wore his Sunday tail-coat. As suchhe looked
spruceand what his clothes would not dohis instinct for making
the most of his good looks would.



At half-past nine Jerry Purdy came to call for his pal.
Jerry was Morel's bosom friendand Mrs. Morel disliked him.
He was a tallthin manwith a rather foxy facethe kind
of face that seems to lack eyelashes. He walked with a stiff
brittle dignityas if his head were on a wooden spring. His nature
was cold and shrewd. Generous where he intended to be generous
he seemed to be very fond of Moreland more or less to take charge
of him.


Mrs. Morel hated him. She had known his wifewho had died
of consumptionand who hadat the endconceived such a violent
dislike of her husbandthat if he came into her room it caused
her haemorrhage. None of which Jerry had seemed to mind. And now
his eldest daughtera girl of fifteenkept a poor house for him
and looked after the two younger children.


A mean, wizzen-hearted stick!Mrs. Morel said of him.


I've never known Jerry mean in MY life,protested Morel.
A opener-handed and more freer chap you couldn't find anywhere,
accordin' to my knowledge.


Open-handed to you,retorted Mrs. Morel. "But his fist
is shut tight enough to his childrenpoor things."


Poor things! And what for are they poor things, I should
like to know.


But Mrs. Morel would not be appeased on Jerry's score.


The subject of argument was seencraning his thin neck
over the scullery curtain. He caught Mrs. Morel's eye.


Mornin', missis! Mester in?


Yes--he is.


Jerry entered unaskedand stood by the kitchen doorway.
He was not invited to sit downbut stood therecoolly asserting
the rights of men and husbands.


A nice day,he said to Mrs. Morel.


Yes.


Grand out this morning--grand for a walk."


Do you mean YOU'RE going for a walk?she asked.


Yes. We mean walkin' to Nottingham,he replied.


H'm!


The two men greeted each otherboth glad: Jerryhowever
full of assuranceMorel rather subduedafraid to seem too jubilant in
presence of his wife. But he laced his boots quicklywith spirit.
They were going for a ten-mile walk across the fields to Nottingham.
Climbing the hillside from the Bottomsthey mounted gaily into
the morning. At the Moon and Stars they had their first drink
then on to the Old Spot. Then a long five miles of drought to carry
them into Bulwell to a glorious pint of bitter. But they stayed
in a field with some haymakers whose gallon bottle was fullso that
when they came in sight of the cityMorel was sleepy. The town



spread upwards before themsmoking vaguely in the midday glare
fridging the crest away to the south with spires and factory bulks
and chimneys. In the last field Morel lay down under an oak tree
and slept soundly for over an hour. When he rose to go forward he
felt queer.


The two had dinner in the Meadowswith Jerry's sister
then repaired to the Punch Bowlwhere they mixed in the excitement
of pigeon-racing. Morel never in his life played cardsconsidering them
as having some occultmalevolent power--"the devil's pictures
he called them! But he was a master of skittles and of dominoes.
He took a challenge from a Newark man, on skittles. All the men in
the old, long bar took sides, betting either one way or the other.
Morel took off his coat. Jerry held the hat containing the money.
The men at the tables watched. Some stood with their mugs in
their hands. Morel felt his big wooden ball carefully, then launched it.
He played havoc among the nine-pins, and won half a crown,
which restored him to solvency.


By seven o'clock the two were in good condition. They caught
the 7.30 train home.


In the afternoon the Bottoms was intolerable. Every inhabitant
remaining was out of doors. The women, in twos and threes,
bareheaded and in white aprons, gossiped in the alley between the blocks.
Men, having a rest between drinks, sat on their heels and talked.
The place smelled stale; the slate roofs glistered in the arid heat.


Mrs. Morel took the little girl down to the brook in the meadows,
which were not more than two hundred yards away. The water ran
quickly over stones and broken pots. Mother and child leaned on
the rail of the old sheep-bridge, watching. Up at the dipping-hole,
at the other end of the meadow, Mrs. Morel could see the naked
forms of boys flashing round the deep yellow water,
or an occasional bright figure dart glittering over the blackish
stagnant meadow. She knew William was at the dipping-hole,
and it was the dread of her life lest he should get drowned.
Annie played under the tall old hedge, picking up alder cones,
that she called currants. The child required much attention,
and the flies were teasing.


The children were put to bed at seven o'clock. Then she
worked awhile.


When Walter Morel and Jerry arrived at Bestwood they felt
a load off their minds; a railway journey no longer impended,
so they could put the finishing touches to a glorious day.
They entered the Nelson with the satisfaction of returned travellers.


The next day was a work-day, and the thought of it put a damper
on the men's spirits. Most of them, moreover, had spent their money.
Some were already rolling dismally home, to sleep in preparation
for the morrow. Mrs. Morel, listening to their mournful singing,
went indoors. Nine o'clock passed, and ten, and still the pair"
had not returned. On a doorstep somewhere a man was singing loudly
in a drawl: "Leadkindly Light." Mrs. Morel was always indignant
with the drunken men that they must sing that hymn when they
got maudlin.


As if 'Genevieve' weren't good enough,she said.


The kitchen was full of the scent of boiled herbs and hops.
On the hob a large black saucepan steamed slowly. Mrs. Morel took
a panchiona great bowl of thick red earthstreamed a heap of white



sugar into the bottomand thenstraining herself to the weight
was pouring in the liquor.


Just then Morel came in. He had been very jolly in the Nelson
but coming home had grown irritable. He had not quite got over the
feeling of irritability and painafter having slept on the ground
when he was so hot; and a bad conscience afflicted him as he neared
the house. He did not know he was angry. But when the garden gate
resisted his attempts to open ithe kicked it and broke the latch.
He entered just as Mrs. Morel was pouring the infusion of herbs out
of the saucepan. Swaying slightlyhe lurched against the table.
The boiling liquor pitched. Mrs. Morel started back.


Good gracious,she criedcoming home in his drunkenness!


Comin' home in his what?he snarledhis hat over his eye.


Suddenly her blood rose in a jet.


Say you're NOT drunk!she flashed.


She had put down her saucepanand was stirring the sugar
into the beer. He dropped his two hands heavily on the table
and thrust his face forwards at her.


'Say you're not drunk,'he repeated. "Whynobody
but a nasty little bitch like you 'ud 'ave such a thought."


He thrust his face forward at her.


There's money to bezzle with, if there's money for nothing else.


I've not spent a two-shillin' bit this day,he said.


You don't get as drunk as a lord on nothing,she replied.
And,she criedflashing into sudden furyif you've been sponging
on your beloved Jerry, why, let him look after his children,
for they need it.


It's a lie, it's a lie. Shut your face, woman.


They were now at battle-pitch. Each forgot everything save
the hatred of the other and the battle between them. She was fiery
and furious as he. They went on till he called her a liar.


No,she criedstarting upscarce able to breathe.
Don't call me that--you, the most despicable liar that ever walked
in shoe-leather.She forced the last words out of suffocated lungs.


You're a liar!he yelledbanging the table with his fist.
You're a liar, you're a liar.


She stiffened herselfwith clenched fists.


The house is filthy with you,she cried.


Then get out on it--it's mine. Get out on it!he shouted.
It's me as brings th' money whoam, not thee. It's my house, not thine.
Then ger out on't--ger out on't!


And I would,she criedsuddenly shaken into tears
of impotence. "Ahwouldn't Iwouldn't I have gone long ago
but for those children. Ayhaven't I repented not going years ago
when I'd only the one"--suddenly drying into rage. "Do you think



it's for YOU I stop--do you think I'd stop one minute for YOU?"

Go, then,he shoutedbeside himself. "Go!"

No!She faced round. "No she cried loudly, you shan't
have it ALL your own way; you shan't do ALL you like. I've got
those children to see to. My word she laughed, I should look
well to leave them to you."


Go,he cried thicklylifting his fist. He was afraid
of her. "Go!"


I should be only too glad. I should laugh, laugh, my lord,
if I could get away from you,she replied.


He came up to herhis red facewith its bloodshot eyes
thrust forwardand gripped her arms. She cried in fear of him
struggled to be free. Coming slightly to himselfpantinghe pushed
her roughly to the outer doorand thrust her forthslotting the
bolt behind her with a bang. Then he went back into the kitchen
dropped into his armchairhis headbursting full of blood
sinking between his knees. Thus he dipped gradually into a stupor
from exhaustion and intoxication.


The moon was high and magnificent in the August night.
Mrs. Morelseared with passionshivered to find herself out there
in a great white lightthat fell cold on herand gave a shock
to her inflamed soul. She stood for a few moments helplessly
staring at the glistening great rhubarb leaves near the door.
Then she got the air into her breast. She walked down the garden path
trembling in every limbwhile the child boiled within her.
For a while she could not control her consciousness; mechanically she
went over the last scenethen over it againcertain phrases
certain moments coming each time like a brand red-hot down on
her soul; and each time she enacted again the past houreach time
the brand came down at the same pointstill the mark was burnt in
and the pain burnt outand at last she came to herself.
She must have been half an hour in this delirious condition.
Then the presence of the night came again to her. She glanced round
in fear. She had wandered to the side gardenwhere she was walking
up and down the path beside the currant bushes under the long wall.
The garden was a narrow stripbounded from the roadthat cut
transversely between the blocksby a thick thorn hedge.


She hurried out of the side garden to the frontwhere she
could stand as if in an immense gulf of white lightthe moon
streaming high in face of herthe moonlight standing up from the
hills in frontand filling the valley where the Bottoms crouched
almost blindingly. Therepanting and half weeping in reaction
from the stressshe murmured to herself over and over again:
The nuisance! the nuisance!


She became aware of something about her. With an effort she
roused herself to see what it was that penetrated her consciousness.
The tall white lilies were reeling in the moonlightand the air was
charged with their perfumeas with a presence. Mrs. Morel gasped
slightly in fear. She touched the bigpallid flowers on their petals
then shivered. They seemed to be stretching in the moonlight.
She put her hand into one white bin: the gold scarcely showed
on her fingers by moonlight. She bent down to look at the binful
of yellow pollen; but it only appeared dusky. Then she drank a deep
draught of the scent. It almost made her dizzy.


Mrs. Morel leaned on the garden gatelooking outand she



lost herself awhile. She did not know what she thought.
Except for a slight feeling of sicknessand her consciousness in
the childherself melted out like scent into the shinypale air.
After a time the childtoomelted with her in the mixing-pot
of moonlightand she rested with the hills and lilies and houses
all swum together in a kind of swoon.


When she came to herself she was tired for sleep. Languidly she
looked about her; the clumps of white phlox seemed like bushes spread
with linen; a moth ricochetted over themand right across the garden.
Following it with her eye roused her. A few whiffs of the raw
strong scent of phlox invigorated her. She passed along the path
hesitating at the white rose-bush. It smelled sweet and simple.
She touched the white ruffles of the roses. Their fresh scent
and coolsoft leaves reminded her of the morning-time and sunshine.
She was very fond of them. But she was tiredand wanted to sleep.
In the mysterious out-of-doors she felt forlorn.


There was no noise anywhere. Evidently the children had not
been wakenedor had gone to sleep again. A trainthree miles away
roared across the valley. The night was very largeand very strange
stretching its hoary distances infinitely. And out of the silver-grey
fog of darkness came sounds vague and hoarse: a corncrake not
far offsound of a train like a sighand distant shouts of men.


Her quietened heart beginning to beat quickly againshe hurried
down the side garden to the back of the house. Softly she lifted
the latch; the door was still boltedand hard against her.
She rapped gentlywaitedthen rapped again. She must not rouse
the childrennor the neighbours. He must be asleepand he would
not wake easily. Her heart began to burn to be indoors. She clung
to the door-handle. Now it was cold; she would take a chill
and in her present condition!


Putting her apron over her head and her armsshe hurried again
to the side gardento the window of the kitchen. Leaning on the sill
she could just seeunder the blindher husband's arms spread
out on the tableand his black head on the board. He was sleeping
with his face lying on the table. Something in his attitude made
her feel tired of things. The lamp was burning smokily; she could
tell by the copper colour of the light. She tapped at the window
more and more noisily. Almost it seemed as if the glass would break.
Still he did not wake up.


After vain effortsshe began to shiverpartly from contact with
the stoneand from exhaustion. Fearful always for the unborn child
she wondered what she could do for warmth. She went down to the
coal-housewhere there was an old hearthrug she had carried out for
the rag-man the day before. This she wrapped over her shoulders.
It was warmif grimy. Then she walked up and down the garden path
peeping every now and then under the blindknockingand telling
herself that in the end the very strain of his position must wake him.


At lastafter about an hourshe rapped long and low at
the window. Gradually the sound penetrated to him. Whenin despair
she had ceased to tapshe saw him stirthen lift his face blindly.
The labouring of his heart hurt him into consciousness. She rapped
imperatively at the window. He started awake. Instantly she saw his
fists set and his eyes glare. He had not a grain of physical fear.
If it had been twenty burglarshe would have gone blindly for them.
He glared roundbewilderedbut prepared to fight.


Open the door, Walter,she said coldly.



His hands relaxed. It dawned on him what he had done.
His head droppedsullen and dogged. She saw him hurry to the door
heard the bolt chock. He tried the latch. It opened--and there
stood the silver-grey nightfearful to himafter the tawny light
of the lamp. He hurried back.


When Mrs. Morel enteredshe saw him almost
running through the door to the stairs. He had ripped
his collar off his neck in his haste to be gone ere she
came inand there it lay with bursten button-holes. It made her angry.


She warmed and soothed herself. In her weariness forgetting
everythingshe moved about at the little tasks that remained to be done
set his breakfastrinsed his pit-bottleput his pit-clothes on the
hearth to warmset his pit-boots beside themput him out a clean
scarf and snap-bag and two applesraked the fireand went to bed.
He was already dead asleep. His narrow black eyebrows were drawn
up in a sort of peevish misery into his forehead while his cheeks'
down-strokesand his sulky mouthseemed to be saying: "I don't
care who you are nor what you areI SHALL have my own way."


Mrs. Morel knew him too well to look at him. As she unfastened
her brooch at the mirrorshe smiled faintly to see her face
all smeared with the yellow dust of lilies. She brushed it off
and at last lay down. For some time her mind continued snapping
and jetting sparksbut she was asleep before her husband awoke
from the first sleep of his drunkenness.


CHAPTER II


THE BIRTH OF PAULAND ANOTHER BATTLE


AFTER such a scene as the lastWalter Morel was for some days abashed
and ashamedbut he soon regained his old bullying indifference.
Yet there was a slight shrinkinga diminishing in his assurance.
Physically evenhe shrankand his fine full presence waned.
He never grew in the least stoutso thatas he sank from his erect
assertive bearinghis physique seemed to contract along with his pride
and moral strength.


But now he realised how hard it was for his wife to drag
about at her workandhis sympathy quickened by penitence
hastened forward with his help. He came straight home from the pit
and stayed in at evening till Fridayand then he could not remain
at home. But he was back again by ten o'clockalmost quite sober.


He always made his own breakfast. Being a man who rose early
and had plenty of time he did notas some miners dodrag his wife
out of bed at six o'clock. At fivesometimes earlierhe woke
got straight out of bedand went downstairs. When she could not sleep
his wife lay waiting for this timeas for a period of peace.
The only real rest seemed to be when he was out of the house.


He went downstairs in his shirt and then struggled into his
pit-trouserswhich were left on the hearth to warm all night.
There was always a firebecause Mrs. Morel raked. And the first
sound in the house was the bangbang of the poker against the raker
as Morel smashed the remainder of the coal to make the kettle
which was filled and left on the hobfinally boil. His cup and knife
and forkall he wanted except just the foodwas laid ready on
the table on a newspaper. Then he got his breakfastmade the tea
packed the bottom of the doors with rugs to shut out the draught



piled a big fireand sat down to an hour of joy. He toasted
his bacon on a fork and caught the drops of fat on his bread;
then he put the rasher on his thick slice of breadand cut off chunks
with a clasp-knifepoured his tea into his saucerand was happy.
With his family aboutmeals were never so pleasant. He loathed
a fork: it is a modern introduction which has still scarcely reached
common people. What Morel preferred was a clasp-knife. Then
in solitudehe ate and drankoften sittingin cold weather
on a little stool with his back to the warm chimney-piecehis food
on the fenderhis cup on the hearth. And then he read the last
night's newspaper--what of it he could--spelling it over laboriously.
He preferred to keep the blinds down and the candle lit even when it
was daylight; it was the habit of the mine.

At a quarter to six he rosecut two thick slices of bread
and butterand put them in the white calico snap-bag. He filled his
tin bottle with tea. Cold tea without milk or sugar was the drink
he preferred for the pit. Then he pulled off his shirtand put
on his pit-singleta vest of thick flannel cut low round the neck
and with short sleeves like a chemise.

Then he went upstairs to his wife with a cup of tea because she
was illand because it occurred to him.

I've brought thee a cup o' tea, lass,he said.

Well, you needn't, for you know I don't like it,she replied.

Drink it up; it'll pop thee off to sleep again.

She accepted the tea. It pleased him to see her take it
and sip it.

I'll back my life there's no sugar in,she said.

Yi--there's one big 'un,he repliedinjured.

It's a wonder,she saidsipping again.

She had a winsome face when her hair was loose. He loved her
to grumble at him in this manner. He looked at her againand went
without any sort of leave-taking. He never took more than two slices
of bread and butter to eat in the pitso an apple or an orange was
a treat to him. He always liked it when she put one out for him.
He tied a scarf round his neckput on his greatheavy bootshis coat
with the big pocketthat carried his snap-bag and his bottle of tea
and went forth into the fresh morning airclosingwithout locking
the door behind him. He loved the early morningand the walk across
the fields. So he appeared at the pit-topoften with a stalk
from the hedge between his teethwhich he chewed all day to keep
his mouth moistdown the minefeeling quite as happy as when he
was in the field.

Laterwhen the time for the baby grew nearerhe would
bustle round in his slovenly fashionpoking out the ashes
rubbing the fireplacesweeping the house before he went to work.
Thenfeeling very self-righteoushe went upstairs.

Now I'm cleaned up for thee: tha's no 'casions ter stir
a peg all day, but sit and read thy books.

Which made her laughin spite of her indignation.

And the dinner cooks itself?she answered.


Eh, I know nowt about th' dinner.

You'd know if there weren't any.

Ay, 'appen so,he answereddeparting.

When she got downstairsshe would find the house tidy
but dirty. She could not rest until she had thoroughly cleaned;
so she went down to the ash-pit with her dustpan. Mrs. Kirk
spying herwould contrive to have to go to her own coal-place at
that minute. Thenacross the wooden fenceshe would call:

So you keep wagging on, then?

Ay,answered Mrs. Morel deprecatingly. "There's nothing
else for it."

Have you seen Hose?called a very small woman from across
the road. It was Mrs. Anthonya black-hairedstrange little body
who always wore a brown velvet dresstight fitting.

I haven't,said Mrs. Morel.

Eh, I wish he'd come. I've got a copperful of clothes, an'
I'm sure I heered his bell.

Hark! He's at the end.

The two women looked down the alley. At the end of the Bottoms
a man stood in a sort of old-fashioned trapbending over bundles
of cream-coloured stuff; while a cluster of women held up their
arms to himsome with bundles. Mrs. Anthony herself had a heap
of creamyundyed stockings hanging over her arm.

I've done ten dozen this week,she said proudly to Mrs. Morel.

T-t-t!went the other. "I don't know how you can find time."

Eh!said Mrs. Anthony. "You can find time if you make time."

I don't know how you do it,said Mrs. Morel. "And how much
shall you get for those many?"

Tuppence-ha'penny a dozen,replied the other.

Well,said Mrs. Morel. "I'd starve before I'd sit down
and seam twenty-four stockings for twopence ha'penny."

Oh, I don't know,said Mrs. Anthony. "You can rip along
with 'em."

Hose was coming alongringing his bell. Women were waiting at
the yard-ends with their seamed stockings hanging over their arms.
The mana common fellowmade jokes with themtried to swindle them
and bullied them. Mrs. Morel went up her yard disdainfully.

It was an understood thing that if one woman wanted
her neighbourshe should put the poker in the fire and bang at
the back of the fireplacewhichas the fires were back to back
would make a great noise in the adjoining house. One morning
Mrs. Kirkmixing a puddingnearly started out of her skin as she
heard the thudthudin her grate. With her hands all floury
she rushed to the fence.


Did you knock, Mrs. Morel?

If you wouldn't mind, Mrs. Kirk.

Mrs. Kirk climbed on to her coppergot over the wall
on to Mrs. Morel's copperand ran in to her neighbour.

Eh, dear, how are you feeling?she cried in concern.

You might fetch Mrs. Bower,said Mrs. Morel.

Mrs. Kirk went into the yardlifted up her strongshrill voice
and called:

Ag-gie--Ag-gie!

The sound was heard from one end of the Bottoms to the other.
At last Aggie came running upand was sent for Mrs. Bower
whilst Mrs. Kirk left her pudding and stayed with her neighbour.

Mrs. Morel went to bed. Mrs. Kirk had Annie and William
for dinner. Mrs. Bowerfat and waddlingbossed the house.

Hash some cold meat up for the master's dinner, and make him
an apple-charlotte pudding,said Mrs. Morel.

He may go without pudding this day,said Mrs. Bower.

Morel was not as a rule one of the first to appear at the bottom
of the pitready to come up. Some men were there before four o'clock
when the whistle blew loose-all; but Morelwhose stalla poor one
was at this time about a mile and a half away from the bottom
worked usually till the first mate stoppedthen he finished also.
This dayhoweverthe miner was sick of the work. At two o'clock
he looked at his watchby the light of the green candle--he
was in a safe working--and again at half-past two. He was hewing
at a piece of rock that was in the way for the next day's work.
As he sat on his heelsor kneeledgiving hard blows with his pick
Uszza--uszza!he went.

Shall ter finish, Sorry?cried Barkerhis fellow butty.

Finish? Niver while the world stands!growled Morel.

And he went on striking. He was tired.

It's a heart-breaking job,said Barker.

But Morel was too exasperatedat the end of his tether
to answer. Still he struck and hacked with all his might.

Tha might as well leave it, Walter,said Barker.
It'll do to-morrow, without thee hackin' thy guts out.

I'll lay no b--- finger on this to-morrow, Isr'el!cried Morel.

Oh, well, if tha wunna, somebody else'll ha'e to,said Israel.

Then Morel continued to strike.

Hey-up there--LOOSE-A'!cried the menleaving the next stall.

Morel continued to strike.


Tha'll happen catch me up,said Barkerdeparting.


When he had goneMorelleft alonefelt savage. He had
not finished his job. He had overworked himself into a frenzy.
Risingwet with sweathe threw his tool downpulled on his coat
blew out his candletook his lampand went. Down the main road
the lights of the other men went swinging. There was a hollow
sound of many voices. It was a longheavy tramp underground.


He sat at the bottom of the pitwhere the great drops of water
fell plash. Many colliers were waiting their turns to go up
talking noisily. Morel gave his answers short and disagreeable.


It's rainin', Sorry,said old Gileswho had had the news
from the top.


Morel found one comfort. He had his old umbrellawhich he loved
in the lamp cabin. At last he took his stand on the chair
and was at the top in a moment. Then he handed in his lamp and got
his umbrellawhich he had bought at an auction for one-and-six. He
stood on the edge of the pit-bank for a momentlooking out over
the fields; grey rain was falling. The trucks stood full of wet
bright coal. Water ran down the sides of the waggonsover the
white "C.W. and Co.". Collierswalking indifferent to the rain
were streaming down the line and up the fielda greydismal host.
Morel put up his umbrellaand took pleasure from the peppering of
the drops thereon.


All along the road to Bestwood the miners trampedwet and
grey and dirtybut their red mouths talking with animation.
Morel also walked with a gangbut he said nothing. He frowned
peevishly as he went. Many men passed into the Prince of Wales or into
Ellen's. Morelfeeling sufficiently disagreeable to resist temptation
trudged along under the dripping trees that overhung the park wall
and down the mud of Greenhill Lane.


Mrs. Morel lay in bedlistening to the rainand the feet
of the colliers from Mintontheir voicesand the bangbang of
the gates as they went through the stile up the field.


There's some herb beer behind the pantry door,she said.
Th' master'll want a drink, if he doesn't stop.


But he was lateso she concluded he had called for a drink
since it was raining. What did he care about the child or her?


She was very ill when her children were born.


What is it?she askedfeeling sick to death.


A boy.


And she took consolation in that. The thought of being the
mother of men was warming to her heart. She looked at the child.
It had blue eyesand a lot of fair hairand was bonny.
Her love came up hotin spite of everything. She had it in bed
with her.


Morelthinking nothingdragged his way up the garden path
wearily and angrily. He closed his umbrellaand stood it in the
sink; then he sluthered his heavy boots into the kitchen.
Mrs. Bower appeared in the inner doorway.



Well,she saidshe's about as bad as she can be.
It's a boy childt.


The miner gruntedput his empty snap-bag and his tin bottle
on the dresserwent back into the scullery and hung up his coat
then came and dropped into his chair.


Han yer got a drink?he asked.


The woman went into the pantry. There was heard the pop
of a cork. She set the mugwith a littledisgusted rapon the
table before Morel. He drankgaspedwiped his big moustache on
the end of his scarfdrankgaspedand lay back in his chair.
The woman would not speak to him again. She set his dinner before him
and went upstairs.


Was that the master?asked Mrs. Morel.


I've gave him his dinner,replied Mrs. Bower.


After he had sat with his arms on the table--he resented
the fact that Mrs. Bower put no cloth on for himand gave him
a little plateinstead of a full-sized dinner-plate--he began
to eat. The fact that his wife was illthat he had another boy
was nothing to him at that moment. He was too tired; he wanted
his dinner; he wanted to sit with his arms lying on the board;
he did not like having Mrs. Bower about. The fire was too small
to please him.


After he had finished his mealhe sat for twenty minutes;
then he stoked up a big fire. Thenin his stockinged feet
he went reluctantly upstairs. It was a struggle to face his wife
at this momentand he was tired. His face was blackand smeared
with sweat. His singlet had dried againsoaking the dirt in.
He had a dirty woollen scarf round his throat. So he stood at the foot
of the bed.


Well, how are ter, then?he asked.


I s'll be all right,she answered.


H'm!


He stood at a loss what to say next. He was tiredand this
bother was rather a nuisance to himand he didn't quite know
where he was.


A lad, tha says,he stammered.


She turned down the sheet and showed the child.


Bless him!he murmured. Which made her laughbecause he
blessed by rote--pretending paternal emotionwhich he did not feel
just then.


Go now,she said.


I will, my lass,he answeredturning away.


Dismissedhe wanted to kiss herbut he dared not. She half
wanted him to kiss herbut could not bring herself to give any sign.
She only breathed freely when he was gone out of the room again
leaving behind him a faint smell of pit-dirt.



Mrs. Morel had a visit every day from the Congregational clergyman.
Mr. Heaton was youngand very poor. His wife had died at the
birth of his first babyso he remained alone in the manse.
He was a Bachelor of Arts of Cambridgevery shyand no preacher.
Mrs. Morel was fond of himand he depended on her. For hours
he talked to herwhen she was well. He became the god-parent
of the child.


Occasionally the minister stayed to tea with Mrs. Morel. Then she
laid the cloth earlygot out her best cupswith a little green rim
and hoped Morel would not come too soon; indeedif he stayed for a pint
she would not mind this day. She had always two dinners to cook
because she believed children should have their chief meal at midday
whereas Morel needed his at five o'clock. So Mr. Heaton would hold
the babywhilst Mrs. Morel beat up a batter-pudding or peeled
the potatoesand hewatching her all the timewould discuss
his next sermon. His ideas were quaint and fantastic. She brought
him judiciously to earth. It was a discussion of the wedding at Cana.


When He changed the water into wine at Cana,he said
that is a symbol that the ordinary life, even the blood,
of the married husband and wife, which had before been uninspired,
like water, became filled with the Spirit, and was as wine, because,
when love enters, the whole spiritual constitution of a man changes,
is filled with the Holy Ghost, and almost his form is altered.


Mrs. Morel thought to herself:


Yes, poor fellow, his young wife is dead; that is why he
makes his love into the Holy Ghost.


They were halfway down their first cup of tea when they heard
the sluther of pit-boots.


Good gracious!exclaimed Mrs. Morelin spite of herself.


The minister looked rather scared. Morel entered. He was
feeling rather savage. He nodded a "How d'yer do" to the clergyman
who rose to shake hands with him.


Nay,said Morelshowing his handlook thee at it!
Tha niver wants ter shake hands wi' a hand like that, does ter?
There's too much pick-haft and shovel-dirt on it.


The minister flushed with confusionand sat down again.
Mrs. Morel rosecarried out the steaming saucepan. Morel took off
his coatdragged his armchair to tableand sat down heavily.


Are you tired?asked the clergyman.


Tired? I ham that,replied Morel. "YOU don't know what it
is to be tiredas I'M tired."


No,replied the clergyman.


Why, look yer 'ere,said the minershowing the shoulders
of his singlet. "It's a bit dry nowbut it's wet as a clout
with sweat even yet. Feel it."


Goodness!cried Mrs. Morel. "Mr. Heaton doesn't want to feel
your nasty singlet."


The clergyman put out his hand gingerly.



No, perhaps he doesn't,said Morel; "but it's
all come out of mewhether or not. An' iv'ry day
alike my singlet's wringin' wet. 'Aven't you got
a drinkMissisfor a man when he comes home barkled up from the pit?"


You know you drank all the beer,said Mrs. Morelpouring out
his tea.


An' was there no more to be got?Turning to the clergyman--"A
man gets that caked up wi' th' dustyou know--that clogged up
down a coal-minehe NEEDS a drink when he comes home."


I am sure he does,said the clergyman.


But it's ten to one if there's owt for him.


There's water--and there's tea,said Mrs. Morel.


Water! It's not water as'll clear his throat.


He poured out a saucerful of teablew itand sucked it up
through his great black moustachesighing afterwards. Then he
poured out another saucerfuland stood his cup on the table.


My cloth!said Mrs. Morelputting it on a plate.


A man as comes home as I do 's too tired to care about cloths,
said Morel.


Pity!exclaimed his wifesarcastically.


The room was full of the smell of meat and vegetables
and pit-clothes.


He leaned over to the ministerhis great moustache thrust forward
his mouth very red in his black face.


Mr. Heaton,he saida man as has been down the black
hole all day, dingin' away at a coal-face, yi, a sight harder
than that wall---


Needn't make a moan of it,put in Mrs. Morel.


She hated her husband becausewhenever he had an audience
he whined and played for sympathy. Williamsitting nursing
the babyhated himwith a boy's hatred for false sentiment
and for the stupid treatment of his mother. Annie had never liked him;
she merely avoided him.


When the minister had goneMrs. Morel looked at her cloth.


A fine mess!she said.


Dos't think I'm goin' to sit wi' my arms danglin', cos tha's
got a parson for tea wi' thee?he bawled.


They were both angrybut she said nothing. The baby began
to cryand Mrs. Morelpicking up a saucepan from the hearth
accidentally knocked Annie on the headwhereupon the girl began
to whineand Morel to shout at her. In the midst of this pandemonium
William looked up at the big glazed text over the mantelpiece
and read distinctly:


God Bless Our Home!



Whereupon Mrs. Moreltrying to soothe the babyjumped up
rushed at himboxed his earssaying:


What are YOU putting in for?


And then she sat down and laughedtill tears ran over
her cheekswhile William kicked the stool he had been sitting on
and Morel growled:


I canna see what there is so much to laugh at.


One eveningdirectly after the parson's visitfeeling unable
to bear herself after another display from her husbandshe took
Annie and the baby and went out. Morel had kicked William
and the mother would never forgive him.


She went over the sheep-bridge and across a corner of the
meadow to the cricket-ground. The meadows seemed one space of ripe
evening lightwhispering with the distant mill-race. She sat
on a seat under the alders in the cricket-groundand fronted
the evening. Before herlevel and solid
spread the big green cricket-fieldlike the bed of a sea of light.
Children played in the bluish shadow of the pavilion. Many rooks
high upcame cawing home across the softly-woven sky. They stooped
in a long curve down into the golden glowconcentratingcawing
wheelinglike black flakes on a slow vortexover a tree clump
that made a dark boss among the pasture.


A few gentlemen were practisingand Mrs. Morel could hear
the chock of the balland the voices of men suddenly roused;
could see the white forms of men shifting silently over the green
upon which already the under shadows were smouldering. Away at
the grangeone side of the haystacks was lit upthe other sides
blue-grey. A waggon of sheaves rocked small across the melting
yellow light.


The sun was going down. Every open eveningthe hills of
Derbyshire were blazed over with red sunset. Mrs. Morel watched the sun
sink from the glistening skyleaving a soft flower-blue overhead
while the western space went redas if all the fire had swum down there
leaving the bell cast flawless blue. The mountain-ash berries across
the field stood fierily out from the dark leavesfor a moment.
A few shocks of corn in a corner of the fallow stood up as if alive;
she imagined them bowing; perhaps her son would be a Joseph.
In the easta mirrored sunset floated pink opposite the west's scarlet.
The big haystacks on the hillsidethat butted into the glare
went cold.


With Mrs. Morel it was one of those still moments when the
small frets vanishand the beauty of things stands outand she
had the peace and the strength to see herself. Now and again
a swallow cut close to her. Now and againAnnie came up with a
handful of alder-currants. The baby was restless on his mother's knee
clambering with his hands at the light.


Mrs. Morel looked down at him. She had dreaded this baby
like a catastrophebecause of her feeling for her husband.
And now she felt strangely towards the infant. Her heart was heavy
because of the childalmost as if it were unhealthyor malformed.
Yet it seemed quite well. But she noticed the peculiar knitting
of the baby's browsand the peculiar heaviness of its eyes
as if it were trying to understand something that was pain. She felt
when she looked at her child's darkbrooding pupilsas if a burden were



on her heart.


He looks as if he was thinking about something--quite sorrowful,
said Mrs. Kirk.


Suddenlylooking at himthe heavy feeling at the mother's heart
melted into passionate grief. She bowed over himand a few tears
shook swiftly out of her very heart. The baby lifted his fingers.


My lamb!she cried softly.


And at that moment she feltin some far inner place of her soul
that she and her husband were guilty.


The baby was looking up at her. It had blue eyes like her own
but its look was heavysteadyas if it had realised something
that had stunned some point of its soul.


In her arms lay the delicate baby. Its deep blue eyes
always looking up at her unblinkingseemed to draw her innermost
thoughts out of her. She no longer loved her husband; she had not
wanted this child to comeand there it lay in her arms and pulled
at her heart. She felt as if the navel string that had connected
its frail little body with hers had not been broken. A wave of hot
love went over her to the infant. She held it close to her face
and breast. With all her forcewith all her soul she would make up
to it for having brought it into the world unloved. She would love
it all the more now it was here; carry it in her love. Its clear
knowing eyes gave her pain and fear. Did it know all about her?
When it lay under her hearthad it been listening then? Was there
a reproach in the look? She felt the marrow melt in her bones
with fear and pain.


Once more she was aware of the sun lying red on the rim
of the hill opposite. She suddenly held up the child in her hands.


Look!she said. "Lookmy pretty!"


She thrust the infant forward to the crimsonthrobbing sun
almost with relief. She saw him lift his little fist. Then she put
him to her bosom againashamed almost of her impulse to give him
back again whence he came.


If he lives,she thought to herselfwhat will become
of him--what will he be?


Her heart was anxious.


I will call him Paul,she said suddenly; she knew not why.


After a while she went home. A fine shadow was flung over
the deep green meadowdarkening all.


As she expectedshe found the house empty. But Morel was
home by ten o'clockand that dayat leastended peacefully.


Walter Morel wasat this timeexceedingly irritable.
His work seemed to exhaust him. When he came home he did not speak
civilly to anybody. If the fire were rather low he bullied about that;
he grumbled about his dinner; if the children made a chatter he
shouted at them in a way that made their mother's blood boil
and made them hate him.


On the Fridayhe was not home by eleven o'clock. The baby



was unwelland was restlesscrying if he were put down. Mrs. Morel
tired to deathand still weakwas scarcely under control.


I wish the nuisance would come,she said wearily to herself.


The child at last sank down to sleep in her arms. She was
too tired to carry him to the cradle.


But I'll say nothing, whatever time he comes,she said.
It only works me up; I won't say anything. But I know if he does
anything it'll make my blood boil,she added to herself.


She sighedhearing him comingas if it were something she
could not bear. Hetaking his revengewas nearly drunk. She kept
her head bent over the child as he enterednot wishing to see him.
But it went through her like a flash of hot fire whenin passing
he lurched against the dressersetting the tins rattlingand clutched
at the white pot knobs for support. He hung up his hat and coat
then returnedstood glowering from a distance at heras she sat
bowed over the child.


Is there nothing to eat in the house?he askedinsolently
as if to a servant. In certain stages of his intoxication he
affected the clippedmincing speech of the towns. Mrs. Morel
hated him most in this condition.


You know what there is in the house,she saidso coldly
it sounded impersonal.


He stood and glared at her without moving a muscle.


I asked a civil question, and I expect a civil answer,
he said affectedly.


And you got it,she saidstill ignoring him.


He glowered again. Then he came unsteadily forward.
He leaned on the table with one handand with the other jerked
at the table drawer to get a knife to cut bread. The drawer stuck because he
pulled sideways. In a temper he dragged itso that it flew
out bodilyand spoonsforksknivesa hundred metallic things
splashed with a clatter and a clang upon the brick floor.
The baby gave a little convulsed start.


What are you doing, clumsy, drunken fool?the mother cried.


Then tha should get the flamin' thing thysen. Tha should get up,
like other women have to, an' wait on a man.


Wait on you--wait on you?she cried. "YesI see myself."


Yis, an' I'll learn thee tha's got to. Wait on ME, yes tha
sh'lt wait on me---


Never, milord. I'd wait on a dog at the door first.


What--what?


He was trying to fit in the drawer. At her last speech
be turned round. His face was crimsonhis eyes bloodshot.
He stared at her one silent second in threat.


P-h!she went quicklyin contempt.



He jerked at the drawer in his excitement. It fellcut sharply
on his shinand on the reflex he flung it at her.

One of the corners caught her brow as the shallow drawer
crashed into the fireplace. She swayedalmost fell stunned from
her chair. To her very soul she was sick; she clasped the child
tightly to her bosom. A few moments elapsed; thenwith an effort
she brought herself to. The baby was crying plaintively. Her left
brow was bleeding rather profusely. As she glanced down at the child
her brain reelingsome drops of blood soaked into its white shawl;
but the baby was at least not hurt. She balanced her head to
keep equilibriumso that the blood ran into her eye.

Walter Morel remained as he had stoodleaning on the table with
one handlooking blank. When he was sufficiently sure of his balance
he went across to herswayedcaught hold of the back of her
rocking-chairalmost tipping her out; then leaning forward over her
and swaying as he spokehe saidin a tone of wondering concern:

Did it catch thee?

He swayed againas if he would pitch on to the child.
With the catastrophe he had lost all balance.

Go away,she saidstruggling to keep her presence of mind.

He hiccoughed. "Let's--let's look at it he said, hiccoughing again.

Go away!" she cried.

Lemme--lemme look at it, lass.

She smelled him of drinkfelt the unequal pull of his swaying
grasp on the back of her rocking-chair.

Go away,she saidand weakly she pushed him off.

He stooduncertain in balancegazing upon her. Summoning all
her strength she rosethe baby on one arm. By a cruel effort of will
moving as if in sleepshe went across to the scullerywhere she
bathed her eye for a minute in cold water; but she was too dizzy.
Afraid lest she should swoonshe returned to her rocking-chair
trembling in every fibre. By instinctshe kept the baby clasped.

Morelbotheredhad succeeded in pushing the drawer back
into its cavityand was on his kneesgropingwith numb paws
for the scattered spoons.

Her brow was still bleeding. Presently Morel got up and came
craning his neck towards her.

What has it done to thee, lass?he askedin a very wretched
humble tone.

You can see what it's done,she answered.

He stoodbending forwardsupported on his handswhich grasped
his legs just above the knee. He peered to look at the wound.
She drew away from the thrust of his face with its great moustache
averting her own face as much as possible. As he looked at her
who was cold and impassive as stonewith mouth shut tight
he sickened with feebleness and hopelessness of spirit.
He was turning drearily awaywhen he saw a drop of blood fall
from the averted wound into the baby's fragileglistening hair.


Fascinatedhe watched the heavy dark drop hang in the glistening cloud
and pull down the gossamer. Another drop fell. It would soak
through to the baby's scalp. He watchedfascinatedfeeling it
soak in; thenfinallyhis manhood broke.


What of this child?was all his wife said to him.
But her lowintense tones brought his head lower. She softened:
Get me some wadding out of the middle drawer,she said.


He stumbled away very obedientlypresently returning with a
padwhich she singed before the firethen put on her forehead
as she sat with the baby on her lap.


Now that clean pit-scarf.


Again he rummaged and fumbled in the drawerreturning presently
with a rednarrow scarf. She took itand with trembling fingers
proceeded to bind it round her head.


Let me tie it for thee,he said humbly.


I can do it myself,she replied. When it was done she
went upstairstelling him to rake the fire and lock the door.


In the morning Mrs. Morel said:


I knocked against the latch of the coal-place, when I
was getting a raker in the dark, because the candle blew out.
Her two small children looked up at her with widedismayed eyes.
They said nothingbut their parted lips seemed to express the
unconscious tragedy they felt.


Walter Morel lay in bed next day until nearly dinner-time. He
did not think of the previous evening's work. He scarcely thought
of anythingbut he would not think of that. He lay and suffered like
a sulking dog. He had hurt himself most; and he was the more damaged
because he would never say a word to heror express his sorrow.
He tried to wriggle out of it. "It was her own fault he said
to himself. Nothing, however, could prevent his inner consciousness
inflicting on him the punishment which ate into his spirit like rust,
and which he could only alleviate by drinking.


He felt as if he had not the initiative to get up, or to say a word,
or to move, but could only lie like a log. Moreover, he had himself
violent pains in the head. It was Saturday. Towards noon he rose,
cut himself food in the pantry, ate it with his head dropped,
then pulled on his boots, and went out, to return at three o'clock
slightly tipsy and relieved; then once more straight to bed.
He rose again at six in the evening, had tea and went straight out.


Sunday was the same: bed till noon, the Palmerston Arms till
2.30, dinner, and bed; scarcely a word spoken. When Mrs. Morel
went upstairs, towards four o'clock, to put on her Sunday dress,
he was fast asleep. She would have felt sorry for him, if he
had once said, WifeI'm sorry." But no; he insisted to himself
it was her fault. And so he broke himself. So she merely left
him alone. There was this deadlock of passion between them
and she was stronger.


The family began tea. Sunday was the only day when all sat
down to meals together.


Isn't my father going to get up?asked William.



Let him lie,the mother replied.


There was a feeling of misery over all the house. The children
breathed the air that was poisonedand they felt dreary. They were
rather disconsolatedid not know what to dowhat to play at.


Immediately Morel woke he got straight out of bed. That was
characteristic of him all his life. He was all for activity.
The prostrated inactivity of two mornings was stifling him.


It was near six o'clock when he got down. This time he entered
without hesitationhis wincing sensitiveness having hardened again.
He did not care any longer what the family thought or felt.


The tea-things were on the table. William was reading aloud
from "The Child's Own"Annie listening and asking eternally "why?"
Both children hushed into silence as they heard the approaching
thud of their father's stockinged feetand shrank as he entered.
Yet he was usually indulgent to them.


Morel made the meal alonebrutally. He ate and drank
more noisily than he had need. No one spoke to him. The family
life withdrewshrank awayand became hushed as he entered.
But he cared no longer about his alienation.


Immediately he had finished tea he rose with alacrity to go out.
It was this alacritythis haste to be gonewhich so sickened
Mrs. Morel. As she heard him sousing heartily in cold water
heard the eager scratch of the steel comb on the side of the bowl
as he wetted his hairshe closed her eyes in disgust. As he bent over
lacing his bootsthere was a certain vulgar gusto in his movement
that divided him from the reservedwatchful rest of the family.
He always ran away from the battle with himself. Even in his own
heart's privacyhe excused himselfsayingIf she hadn't said
so-and-so, it would never have happened. She asked for what she's got.
The children waited in restraint during his preparations. When he
had gonethey sighed with relief.


He closed the door behind himand was glad. It was a
rainy evening. The Palmerston would be the cosier. He hastened
forward in anticipation. All the slate roofs of the Bottoms shone
black with wet. The roadsalways dark with coal-dustwere full
of blackish mud. He hastened along. The Palmerston windows were steamed
over. The passage was paddled with wet feet. But the air was warm
if fouland full of the sound of voices and the smell of beer
and smoke.


What shollt ha'e, Walter?cried a voiceas soon as Morel
appeared in the doorway.


Oh, Jim, my lad, wheriver has thee sprung frae?


The men made a seat for himand took him in warmly. He was glad.
In a minute or two they had thawed all responsibility out of him
all shameall troubleand he was clear as a bell for a jolly night.


On the Wednesday followingMorel was penniless. He dreaded
his wife. Having hurt herhe hated her. He did not know what to
do with himself that eveninghaving not even twopence with which
to go to the Palmerstonand being already rather deeply in debt.
Sowhile his wife was down the garden with the childhe hunted
in the top drawer of the dresser where she kept her pursefound it
and looked inside. It contained a half-crowntwo halfpennies
and a sixpence. So he took the sixpenceput the purse carefully back



and went out.


The next daywhen she wanted to pay the greengrocershe looked
in the purse for her sixpenceand her heart sank to her shoes.
Then she sat down and thought: "WAS there a sixpence? I hadn't
spent ithad I? And I hadn't left it anywhere else?"


She was much put about. She hunted round everywhere for it.
Andas she soughtthe conviction came into her heart that her
husband had taken it. What she had in her purse was all the money
she possessed. But that he should sneak it from her thus was unbearable.
He had done so twice before. The first time she had not accused him
and at the week-end he had put the shilling again into her purse.
So that was how she had known he had taken it. The second time he
had not paid back.


This time she felt it was too much. When he had had his dinner--
he came home early that day--she said to him coldly:


Did you take sixpence out of my purse last night?


Me!he saidlooking up in an offended way. "NoI didna!
I niver clapped eyes on your purse."


But she could detect the lie.


Why, you know you did,she said quietly.


I tell you I didna,he shouted. "Yer at me againare yer?
I've had about enough on't."


So you filch sixpence out of my purse while I'm taking
the clothes in.


I'll may yer pay for this,he saidpushing back his
chair in desperation. He bustled and got washedthen went
determinedly upstairs. Presently he came down dressed
and with a big bundle in a blue-checkedenormous handkerchief.


And now,he saidyou'll see me again when you do.


It'll be before I want to,she replied; and at that he marched
out of the house with his bundle. She sat trembling slightly
but her heart brimming with contempt. What would she do if he went
to some other pitobtained workand got in with another woman?
But she knew him too well--he couldn't. She was dead sure of him.
Nevertheless her heart was gnawed inside her.


Where's my dad?said Williamcoming in from school.


He says he's run away,replied the mother.


Where to?


Eh, I don't know. He's taken a bundle in the blue handkerchief,
and says he's not coming back.


What shall we do?cried the boy.


Eh, never trouble, he won't go far.


But if he doesn't come back,wailed Annie.


And she and William retired to the sofa and wept. Mrs. Morel



sat and laughed.


You pair of gabeys!she exclaimed. "You'll see him before
the night's out."


But the children were not to be consoled. Twilight came on.
Mrs. Morel grew anxious from very weariness. One part of her said
it would be a relief to see the last of him; another part fretted
because of keeping the children; and inside heras yetshe could
not quite let him go. At the bottomshe knew very well he could
NOT go.


When she went down to the coal-place at the end of the garden
howevershe felt something behind the door. So she looked.
And there in the dark lay the big blue bundle. She sat on a piece
of coal and laughed. Every time she saw itso fat and yet
so ignominiousslunk into its corner in the darkwith its ends
flopping like dejected ears from the knotsshe laughed again.
She was relieved.


Mrs. Morel sat waiting. He had not any moneyshe knew
so if he stopped he was running up a bill. She was very tired of him--
tired to death. He had not even the courage to carry his bundle
beyond the yard-end.


As she meditatedat about nine o'clockhe opened the door
and came inslinkingand yet sulky. She said not a word.
He took off his coatand slunk to his armchairwhere he began
to take off his boots.


You'd better fetch your bundle before you take your boots off,
she said quietly.


You may thank your stars I've come back to-night,he said
looking up from under his dropped headsulkilytrying to be impressive.


Why, where should you have gone? You daren't even get your
parcel through the yard-end,she said.


He looked such a fool she was not even angry with him.
He continued to take his boots off and prepare for bed.


I don't know what's in your blue handkerchief,she said.
But if you leave it the children shall fetch it in the morning.


Whereupon he got up and went out of the housereturning presently
and crossing the kitchen with averted facehurrying upstairs.
As Mrs. Morel saw him slink quickly through the inner doorway
holding his bundleshe laughed to herself: but her heart was bitter
because she had loved him.


CHAPTER III


THE CASTING OFF OF MOREL--THE TAKING ON OF WILLIAM


DURING the next week Morel's temper was almost unbearable.
Like all minershe was a great lover of medicineswhich
strangely enoughhe would often pay for himself.


You mun get me a drop o' laxy vitral,he said. "It's a
winder as we canna ha'e a sup i' th' 'ouse."



So Mrs. Morel bought him elixir of vitriolhis favourite
first medicine. And he made himself a jug of wormwood tea. He had
hanging in the attic great bunches of dried herbs:
wormwoodruehorehoundelder flowersparsley-purt
marshmallowhyssopdandelionand centaury. Usually there was a jug of
one or other decoction standing on the hobfrom which he drank largely.


Grand!he saidsmacking his lips after wormwood. "Grand!"
And he exhorted the children to try.


It's better than any of your tea or your cocoa stews,he vowed.
But they were not to be tempted.


This timehoweverneither pills nor vitriol nor all his herbs
would shift the "nasty peens in his head". He was sickening for an
attack of an inflammation of the brain. He had never been well since
his sleeping on the ground when he went with Jerry to Nottingham.
Since then he had drunk and stormed. Now he fell seriously ill
and Mrs. Morel had him to nurse. He was one of the worst
patients imaginable. Butin spite of alland putting aside the
fact that he was breadwinnershe never quite wanted him to die.
Still there was one part of her wanted him for herself.


The neighbours were very good to her: occasionally some
had the children in to mealsoccasionally some would do the
downstairs work for herone would mind the baby for a day.
But it was a great dragnevertheless. It was not every day
the neighbours helped. Then she had nursing of baby and husband
cleaning and cookingeverything to do. She was quite worn out
but she did what was wanted of her.


And the money was just sufficient. She had seventeen
shillings a week from clubsand every Friday Barker and the other
butty put by a portion of the stall's profits for Morel's wife.
And the neighbours made brothsand gave eggsand such invalids'
trifles. If they had not helped her so generously in those times
Mrs. Morel would never have pulled throughwithout incurring
debts that would have dragged her down.


The weeks passed. Morelalmost against hopegrew better.
He had a fine constitutionso thatonce on the mendhe went straight
forward to recovery. Soon he was pottering about downstairs.
During his illness his wife had spoilt him a little. Now he wanted
her to continue. He often put his band to his headpulled down
the comers of his mouthand shammed pains he did not feel.
But there was no deceiving her. At first she merely smiled to herself.
Then she scolded him sharply.


Goodness, man, don't be so lachrymose.


That wounded him slightlybut still he continued to feign sickness.


I wouldn't be such a mardy baby,said the wife shortly.


Then he was indignantand cursed under his breathlike a boy.
He was forced to resume a normal toneand to cease to whine.


Neverthelessthere was a state of peace in the house for some time.
Mrs. Morel was more tolerant of himand hedepending on her almost
like a childwas rather happy. Neither knew that she was more tolerant
because she loved him less. Up till this timein spite of all
he had been her husband and her man. She had felt thatmore or less
what he did to himself he did to her. Her living depended on him.
There were manymany stages in the ebbing of her love for him



but it was always ebbing.


Nowwith the birth of this third babyher self no longer set
towards himhelplesslybut was like a tide that scarcely rose
standing off from him. After this she scarcely desired him.
Andstanding more aloof from himnot feeling him so much part
of herselfbut merely part of her circumstancesshe did not mind
so much what he didcould leave him alone.


There was the haltthe wistfulness about the ensuing year
which is like autumn in a man's life. His wife was casting him off
half regretfullybut relentlessly; casting him off and turning
now for love and life to the children. Henceforward he was more
or less a husk. And he himself acquiescedas so many men do
yielding their place to their children.


During his recuperationwhen it was really over between them
both made an effort to come back somewhat to the old relationship
of the first months of their marriage. He sat at home and
when the children were in bedand she was sewing--she did all her
sewing by handmade all shirts and children's clothing--he would
read to her from the newspaperslowly pronouncing and delivering
the words like a man pitching quoits. Often she hurried him on
giving him a phrase in anticipation. And then he took her words humbly.


The silences between them were peculiar. There would be
the swiftslight "cluck" of her needlethe sharp "pop" of his
lips as he let out the smokethe warmththe sizzle on the bars
as he spat in the fire. Then her thoughts turned to William.
Already he was getting a big boy. Already he was top of the class
and the master said he was the smartest lad in the school.
She saw him a manyoungfull of vigourmaking the world glow
again for her.


And Morel sitting therequite aloneand having nothing
to think aboutwould be feeling vaguely uncomfortable. His soul
would reach out in its blind way to her and find her gone.
He felt a sort of emptinessalmost like a vacuum in his soul.
He was unsettled and restless. Soon he could not live in
that atmosphereand he affected his wife. Both felt an oppression
on their breathing when they were left together for some time.
Then he went to bed and she settled down to enjoy herself alone
workingthinkingliving.


Meanwhile another infant was comingfruit of this little peace
and tenderness between the separating parents. Paul was seventeen
months old when the new baby was born. He was then a plump
pale childquietwith heavy blue eyesand still the peculiar
slight knitting of the brows. The last child was also a boy
fair and bonny. Mrs. Morel was sorry when she knew she was with child
both for economic reasons and because she did not love her husband;
but not for the sake of the infant.


They called the baby Arthur. He was very prettywith a
mop of gold curlsand he loved his father from the first.
Mrs. Morel was glad this child loved the father. Hearing the
miner's footstepsthe baby would put up his arms and crow.
And if Morel were in a good temperhe called back immediately
in his heartymellow voice:


What then, my beauty? I sh'll come to thee in a minute.


And as soon as he had taken off his pit-coatMrs. Morel would
put an apron round the childand give him to his father.



What a sight the lad looks!she would exclaim sometimes
taking back the babythat was smutted on the face from his father's
kisses and play. Then Morel laughed joyfully.


He's a little collier, bless his bit o' mutton!he exclaimed.


And these were the happy moments of her life nowwhen the
children included the father in her heart.


Meanwhile William grew bigger and stronger and more active
while Paulalways rather delicate and quietgot slimmer
and trotted after his mother like her shadow. He was usually active
and interestedbut sometimes he would have fits of depression.
Then the mother would find the boy of three or four crying on
the sofa.


What's the matter?she askedand got no answer.


What's the matter?she insistedgetting cross.


I don't know,sobbed the child.


So she tried to reason him out of itor to amuse him
but without effect. It made her feel beside herself. Then the father
always impatientwould jump from his chair and shout:


If he doesn't stop, I'll smack him till he does.


You'll do nothing of the sort,said the mother coldly.
And then she carried the child into the yardplumped him into his
little chairand said: "Now cry thereMisery!"


And then a butterfly on the rhubarb-leaves perhaps caught his eye
or at last he cried himself to sleep. These fits were not often
but they caused a shadow in Mrs. Morel's heartand her treatment
of Paul was different from that of the other children.


Suddenly one morning as she was looking down the alley
of the Bottoms for the barm-manshe heard a voice calling her.
It was the thin little Mrs. Anthony in brown velvet.


Here, Mrs. Morel, I want to tell you about your Willie.


Oh, do you?replied Mrs. Morel. "Whywhat's the matter?"


A lad as gets 'old of another an' rips his clothes off'n
'is back,Mrs. Anthony saidwants showing something.


Your Alfred's as old as my William,said Mrs. Morel.


'Appen 'e is, but that doesn't give him a right to get hold
of the boy's collar, an' fair rip it clean off his back.


Well,said Mrs. MorelI don't thrash my children,
and even if I did, I should want to hear their side of the tale.


They'd happen be a bit better if they did get a good hiding,
retorted Mrs. Anthony. "When it comes ter rippin' a lad's clean
collar off'n 'is back a-purpose---"


I'm sure he didn't do it on purpose,said Mrs. Morel.


Make me a liar!shouted Mrs. Anthony.



Mrs. Morel moved away and closed her gate. Her hand trembled
as she held her mug of barm.

But I s'll let your mester know,Mrs. Anthony cried after her.

At dinner-timewhen William had finished his meal and wanted
to be off again--he was then eleven years old--his mother said to him:

What did you tear Alfred Anthony's collar for?

When did I tear his collar?

I don't know when, but his mother says you did.

Why--it was yesterday--an' it was torn a'ready.

But you tore it more.

Well, I'd got a cobbler as 'ad licked seventeen--an'
Alfy Ant'ny 'e says:

'Adam an' Eve an' pinch-me,
Went down to a river to bade.
Adam an' Eve got drownded,
Who do yer think got saved?'


An' so I says: 'Oh, Pinch-YOU,' an' so I pinched 'im, an'
'e was mad, an' so he snatched my cobbler an' run off with it.
An' so I run after 'im, an' when I was gettin' hold of 'im,
'e dodged, an' it ripped 'is collar. But I got my cobbler---


He pulled from his pocket a black old horse-chestnut hanging on
a string. This old cobbler had "cobbled"--hit and smashed--seventeen
other cobblers on similar strings. So the boy was proud of his veteran.


Well,said Mrs. Morelyou know you've got no right to rip
his collar.


Well, our mother!he answered. "I never meant tr'a done it--an'
it was on'y an old indirrubber collar as was torn a'ready."


Next time,said his motherYOU be more careful.
I shouldn't like it if you came home with your collar torn off.


I don't care, our mother; I never did it a-purpose.


The boy was rather miserable at being reprimanded.


No--well, you be more careful.


William fled awayglad to be exonerated. And Mrs. Morel
who hated any bother with the neighboursthought she would explain
to Mrs. Anthonyand the business would be over.


But that evening Morel came in from the pit looking very sour.
He stood in the kitchen and glared roundbut did not speak for
some minutes. Then:


Wheer's that Willy?he asked.


What do you want HIM for?asked Mrs. Morelwho had guessed.


I'll let 'im know when I get him,said Morelbanging his



pit-bottle on to the dresser.


I suppose Mrs. Anthony's got hold of you and been yarning
to you about Alfy's collar,said Mrs. Morelrather sneering.


Niver mind who's got hold of me,said Morel. "When I get
hold of 'IM I'll make his bones rattle."


It's a poor tale,said Mrs. Morelthat you're so ready
to side with any snipey vixen who likes to come telling tales
against your own children.


I'll learn 'im!said Morel. "It none matters to me whose
lad 'e is; 'e's none goin' rippin' an' tearin' about just as he's
a mind."


'Ripping and tearing about!'repeated Mrs. Morel.
He was running after that Alfy, who'd taken his cobbler, and he
accidentally got hold of his collar, because the other dodged--as
an Anthony would.


I know!shouted Morel threateningly.


You would, before you're told,replied his wife bitingly.


Niver you mind,stormed Morel. "I know my business."


That's more than doubtful,said Mrs. Morelsupposing some
loud-mouthed creature had been getting you to thrash your own children.


I know,repeated Morel.


And he said no morebut sat and nursed his bad temper.
Suddenly William ran insaying:


Can I have my tea, mother?


Tha can ha'e more than that!shouted Morel.


Hold your noise, man,said Mrs. Morel; "and don't look
so ridiculous."


He'll look ridiculous before I've done wi' him!shouted Morel
rising from his chair and glaring at his son.


Williamwho was a tall lad for his yearsbut very sensitive
had gone paleand was looking in a sort of horror at his father.


Go out!Mrs. Morel commanded her son.


William had not the wit to move. Suddenly Morel clenched
his fistand crouched.


I'll GI'E him 'go out'!he shouted like an insane thing.


What!cried Mrs. Morelpanting with rage. "You shall
not touch him for HER tellingyou shall not!"


Shonna I?shouted Morel. "Shonna I?"


Andglaring at the boyhe ran forward. Mrs. Morel sprang
in between themwith her fist lifted.


Don't you DARE!she cried.



What!he shoutedbaffled for the moment. "What!"

She spun round to her son.

GO out of the house!she commanded him in fury.

The boyas if hypnotised by herturned suddenly and was gone.
Morel rushed to the doorbut was too late. He returnedpale under
his pit-dirt with fury. But now his wife was fully roused.

Only dare!she said in a loudringing voice. "Only dare
milordto lay a finger on that child! You'll regret it for ever."

He was afraid of her. In a towering ragehe sat down.

When the children were old enough to be leftMrs. Morel
joined the Women's Guild. It was a little club of women attached
to the Co-operative Wholesale Societywhich met on Monday night
in the long room over the grocery shop of the Bestwood "Co-op". The
women were supposed to discuss the benefits to be derived from
co-operationand other social questions. Sometimes Mrs. Morel
read a paper. It seemed queer to the children to see their mother
who was always busy about the housesitting writing in her
rapid fashionthinkingreferring to booksand writing again.
They felt for her on such occasions the deepest respect.

But they loved the Guild. It was the only thing to which they
did not grudge their mother--and that partly because she enjoyed it
partly because of the treats they derived from it. The Guild
was called by some hostile husbandswho found their wives getting
too independentthe "clat-fart" shop--that isthe gossip-shop. It
is truefrom off the basis of the Guildthe women could look at
their homesat the conditions of their own livesand find fault.
So the colliers found their women had a new standard of their own
rather disconcerting. And alsoMrs. Morel always had a lot of news
on Monday nightsso that the children liked William to be in when
their mother came homebecause she told him things.

Thenwhen the lad was thirteenshe got him a job in
the "Co-op." office. He was a very clever boyfrankwith rather
rough features and real viking blue eyes.

What dost want ter ma'e a stool-harsed Jack on 'im for?
said Morel. "All he'll do is to wear his britches behind out an'
earn nowt. What's 'e startin' wi'?"

It doesn't matter what he's starting with,said Mrs. Morel.

It wouldna! Put 'im i' th' pit we me, an' 'ell earn a easy
ten shillin' a wik from th' start. But six shillin' wearin' his truck-end
out on a stool's better than ten shillin' i' th' pit wi'me, I know.

He is NOT going in the pit,said Mrs. Moreland there's
an end of it.

It wor good enough for me, but it's non good enough for 'im.

If your mother put you in the pit at twelve, it's no reason
why I should do the same with my lad.

Twelve! It wor a sight afore that!

Whenever it was,said Mrs. Morel.


She was very proud of her son. He went to the night school
and learned shorthandso that by the time he was sixteen he was
the best shorthand clerk and book-keeper on the placeexcept one.
Then he taught in the night schools. But he was so fiery that only
his good-nature and his size protected him.


All the things that men do--the decent things--William did.
He could run like the wind. When he was twelve he won a first
prize in a race; an inkstand of glassshaped like an anvil.
It stood proudly on the dresserand gave Mrs. Morel a keen pleasure.
The boy only ran for her. He flew home with his anvilbreathless
with a "Lookmother!" That was the first real tribute to herself.
She took it like a queen.


How pretty!she exclaimed.


Then he began to get ambitious. He gave all his money to
his mother. When he earned fourteen shillings a weekshe gave him
back two for himselfandas he never drankhe felt himself rich.
He went about with the bourgeois of Bestwood. The townlet contained
nothing higher than the clergyman. Then came the bank manager
then the doctorsthen the tradespeopleand after that the hosts
of colliers. Willam began to consort with the sons of the chemist
the schoolmasterand the tradesmen. He played billiards in
the Mechanics' Hall. Also he danced--this in spite of his mother.
All the life that Bestwood offered he enjoyedfrom the sixpenny-hops
down Church Streetto sports and billiards.


Paul was treated to dazzling descriptions of all kinds of
flower-like ladiesmost of whom lived like cut blooms in William's
heart for a brief fortnight.


Occasionally some flame would come in pursuit of her errant
swain. Mrs. Morel would find a strange girl at the door
and immediately she sniffed the air.


Is Mr. Morel in?the damsel would ask appealingly.


My husband is at home,Mrs. Morel replied.


I--I mean YOUNG Mr. Morel,repeated the maiden painfully.


Which one? There are several.


Whereupon much blushing and stammering from the fair one.


I--I met Mr. Morel--at Ripley,she explained.


Oh--at a dance!


Yes.


I don't approve of the girls my son meets at dances.
And he is NOT at home.


Then he came home angry with his mother for having turned the
girl away so rudely. He was a carelessyet eager-looking fellow
who walked with long stridessometimes frowningoften with his cap
pushed jollily to the back of his head. Now he came in frowning.
He threw his cap on to the sofaand took his strong jaw in his hand
and glared down at his mother. She was smallwith her hair
taken straight back from her forehead. She had a quiet air
of authorityand yet of rare warmth. Knowing her son was angry



she trembled inwardly.

Did a lady call for me yesterday, mother?he asked.

I don't know about a lady. There was a girl came.

And why didn't you tell me?

Because I forgot, simply.

He fumed a little.

A good-looking girl--seemed a lady?

I didn't look at her.

Big brown eyes?

I did NOT look. And tell your girls, my son, that when they're
running after you, they're not to come and ask your mother for you.
Tell them that--brazen baggages you meet at dancing-classes.


I'm sure she was a nice girl.


And I'm sure she wasn't.


There ended the altercation. Over the dancing there was a great
strife between the mother and the son. The grievance reached its
height when William said he was going to Hucknall Torkard--considered
a low town--to a fancy-dress ball. He was to be a Highlander.
There was a dress he could hirewhich one of his friends
had hadand which fitted him perfectly. The Highland suit came home.
Mrs. Morel received it coldly and would not unpack it.


My suit come?cried William.


There's a parcel in the front room.


He rushed in and cut the string.


How do you fancy your son in this!he saidenraptured
showing her the suit.


You know I don't want to fancy you in it.


On the evening of the dancewhen he had come home to dress
Mrs. Morel put on her coat and bonnet.


Aren't you going to stop and see me, mother?he asked.


No; I don't want to see you,she replied.


She was rather paleand her face was closed and hard.
She was afraid of her son's going the same way as his father.
He hesitated a momentand his heart stood still with anxiety.
Then he caught sight of the Highland bonnet with its ribbons.
He picked it up gleefullyforgetting her. She went out.


When he was nineteen he suddenly left the Co-op. office and got
a situation in Nottingham. In his new place he had thirty shillings
a week instead of eighteen. This was indeed a rise. His mother and
his father were brimmed up with pride. Everybody praised William.
It seemed he was going to get on rapidly. Mrs. Morel hoped
with his aidto help her younger sons. Annie was now studying



to be a teacher. Paulalso very cleverwas getting on well
having lessons in French and German from his godfatherthe clergyman
who was still a friend to Mrs. Morel. Arthura spoilt and very
good-looking boywas at the Board schoolbut there was talk
of his trying to get a scholarship for the High School in Nottingham.


William remained a year at his new post in Nottingham.
He was studying hardand growing serious. Something seemed to be
fretting him. Still he went out to the dances and the river parties.
He did not drink. The children were all rabid teetotallers.
He came home very late at nightand sat yet longer studying.
His mother implored him to take more careto do one thing
or another.


Dance, if you want to dance, my son; but don't think you can
work in the office, and then amuse yourself, and THEN
study on top of all. You can't; the human frame won't
stand it. Do one thing or the other--amuse yourself or learn Latin;
but don't try to do both.


Then he got a place in Londonat a hundred and twenty a year.
This seemed a fabulous sum. His mother doubted almost whether to
rejoice or to grieve.


They want me in Lime Street on Monday week, mother,he cried
his eyes blazing as he read the letter. Mrs. Morel felt everything
go silent inside her. He read the letter: "'And will you reply
by Thursday whether you accept. Yours faithfully---' They want me
motherat a hundred and twenty a yearand don't even ask to see me.
Didn't I tell you I could do it! Think of me in London! And I
can give you twenty pounds a yearmater. We s'll all be rolling
in money."


We shall, my son,she answered sadly.


It never occurred to him that she might be more hurt at his going
away than glad of his success. Indeedas the days drew near for
his departureher heart began to close and grow dreary with despair.
She loved him so much! More than thatshe hoped in him so much.
Almost she lived by him. She liked to do things for him: she liked
to put a cup for his tea and to iron his collarsof which he was
so proud. It was a joy to her to have him proud of his collars.
There was no laundry. So she used to rub away at them with her little
convex ironto polish themtill they shone from the sheer pressure
of her arm. Now she would not do it for him. Now he was going away.
She felt almost as if he were going as well out of her heart.
He did not seem to leave her inhabited with himself. That was the grief
and the pain to her. He took nearly all himself away.


A few days before his departure--he was just twenty--he burned his
love-letters. They had hung on a file at the top of the kitchen cupboard.
From some of them he had read extracts to his mother. Some of them
she had taken the trouble to read herself. But most were too trivial.


Nowon the Saturday morning he said:


Come on, Postle, let's go through my letters, and you can
have the birds and flowers.


Mrs. Morel had done her Saturday's work on the Friday
because he was having a last day's holiday. She was making him
a rice cakewhich he lovedto take with him. He was scarcely
conscious that she was so miserable.



He took the first letter off the file. It was mauve-tinted
and had purple and green thistles. William sniffed the page.


Nice scent! Smell.


And he thrust the sheet under Paul's nose.


Um!said Paulbreathing in. "What d'you call it? Smellmother."


His mother ducked her smallfine nose down to the paper.


I don't want to smell their rubbish,she saidsniffing.


This girl's father,said Williamis as rich as Croesus.
He owns property without end. She calls me Lafayette, because I
know French. 'You will see, I've forgiven you'--I like HER forgiving me.
'I told mother about you this morning, and she will have much
pleasure if you come to tea on Sunday, but she will have to get
father's consent also. I sincerely hope he will agree. I will let
you know how it transpires. If, however, you---'


'Let you know how it' what?interrupted Mrs. Morel.


'Transpires'--oh yes!


'Transpires!'repeated Mrs. Morel mockingly. "I thought
she was so well educated!"


William felt slightly uncomfortableand abandoned this maiden
giving Paul the corner with the thistles. He continued to read
extracts from his letterssome of which amused his mother
some of which saddened her and made her anxious for him.


My lad,she saidthey're very wise. They know they've
only got to flatter your vanity, and you press up to them like
a dog that has its head scratched.


Well, they can't go on scratching for ever,he replied.
And when they've done, I trot away.


But one day you'll find a string round your neck that you
can't pull off,she answered.


Not me! I'm equal to any of 'em, mater, they needn't
flatter themselves.


You flatter YOURSELF,she said quietly.


Soon there was a heap of twisted black pagesall that remained
of the file of scented lettersexcept that Paul had thirty or
forty pretty tickets from the corners of the notepaper--swallows
and forget-me-nots and ivy sprays. And William went to London
to start a new life.


CHAPTER IV


THE YOUNG LIFE OF PAUL


PAUL would be built like his motherslightly and rather small.
His fair hair went reddishand then dark brown; his eyes were grey.
He was a palequiet childwith eyes that seemed to listenand with
a fulldropping underlip.



As a rule he seemed old for his years. He was so conscious
of what other people feltparticularly his mother. When she
fretted he understoodand could have no peace. His soul seemed
always attentive to her.


As he grew older he became stronger. William was too far
removed from him to accept him as a companion. So the smaller boy
belonged at first almost entirely to Annie. She was a tomboy and a
flybie-skybieas her mother called her. But she was intensely
fond of her second brother. So Paul was towed round at the heels
of Anniesharing her game. She raced wildly at lerky with the other
young wild-cats of the Bottoms. And always Paul flew beside her
living her share of the gamehaving as yet no part of his own.
He was quiet and not noticeable. But his sister adored him.
He always seemed to care for things if she wanted him to.


She had a big doll of which she was fearfully proudthough not
so fond. So she laid the doll on the sofaand covered it with
an antimacassarto sleep. Then she forgot it. Meantime Paul
must practise jumping off the sofa arm. So he jumped crash into
the face of the hidden doll. Annie rushed uputtered a loud wail
and sat down to weep a dirge. Paul remained quite still.


You couldn't tell it was there, mother; you couldn't tell it
was there,he repeated over and over. So long as Annie wept for
the doll he sat helpless with misery. Her grief wore itself out.
She forgave her brother--he was so much upset. But a day or two
afterwards she was shocked.


Let's make a sacrifice of Arabella,he said. "Let's burn her."


She was horrifiedyet rather fascinated. She wanted to see
what the boy would do. He made an altar of brickspulled some of
the shavings out of Arabella's bodyput the waxen fragments into
the hollow facepoured on a little paraffinand set the whole thing
alight. He watched with wicked satisfaction the drops of wax melt off
the broken forehead of Arabellaand drop like sweat into the flame.
So long as the stupid big doll burned he rejoiced in silence.
At the end be poked among the embers with a stickfished out the arms
and legsall blackenedand smashed them under stones.


That's the sacrifice of Missis Arabella,he said. "An' I'm
glad there's nothing left of her."


Which disturbed Annie inwardlyalthough she could say nothing.
He seemed to hate the doll so intenselybecause he had broken it.


All the childrenbut particularly Paulwere peculiarly
against their fatheralong with their mother. Morel continued
to bully and to drink. He had periodsmonths at a timewhen he
made the whole life of the family a misery. Paul never forgot
coming home from the Band of Hope one Monday evening and finding
his mother with her eye swollen and discolouredhis father standing
on the hearthrugfeet astridehis head downand William
just home from workglaring at his father. There was a silence
as the young children enteredbut none of the elders looked round.


William was white to the lipsand his fists were clenched.
He waited until the children were silentwatching with children's
rage and hate; then he said:


You coward, you daren't do it when I was in.



But Morel's blood was up. He swung round on his son.
William was biggerbut Morel was hard-muscledand mad with fury.


Dossn't I?he shouted. "Dossn't I? Ha'e much more o'
thy chelpmy young jockeyan' I'll rattle my fist about thee.
Ayan' I sholl thatdost see?"


Morel crouched at the knees and showed his fist in an ugly
almost beast-like fashion. William was white with rage.


Will yer?he saidquiet and intense. "It 'ud be the
last timethough."


Morel danced a little nearercrouchingdrawing back his fist
to strike. William put his fists ready. A light came into his
blue eyesalmost like a laugh. He watched his father. Another word
and the men would have begun to fight. Paul hoped they would.
The three children sat pale on the sofa.


Stop it, both of you,cried Mrs. Morel in a hard voice.
We've had enough for ONE night. And YOU,
she saidturning on to her husbandlook at your children!


Morel glanced at the sofa.


Look at the children, you nasty little bitch!he sneered.
Why, what have I done to the children, I should like to know?
But they're like yourself; you've put 'em up to your own tricks and
nasty ways--you've learned 'em in it, you 'ave.


She refused to answer him. No one spoke. After a while he
threw his boots under the table and went to bed.


Why didn't you let me have a go at him?said William
when his father was upstairs. "I could easily have beaten him."


A nice thing--your own father,she replied.


'FATHER!'repeated William. "Call HIM MY father!"


Well, he is--and so---


But why don't you let me settle him? I could do, easily.


The idea!she cried. "It hasn't come to THAT yet."


No,he saidit's come to worse. Look at yourself.
WHY didn't you let me give it him?


Because I couldn't bear it, so never think of it,
she cried quickly.


And the children went to bedmiserably.


When William was growing upthe family moved from the Bottoms
to a house on the brow of the hillcommanding a view of the valley
which spread out like a convex cockle-shellor a clamp-shellbefore it.
In front of the house was a huge old ash-tree. The west wind
sweeping from Derbyshirecaught the houses with full force
and the tree shrieked again. Morel liked it.


It's music,he said. "It sends me to sleep."


But Paul and Arthur and Annie hated it. To Paul it became



almost a demoniacal noise. The winter of their first year
in the new house their father was very bad. The children played
in the streeton the brim of the widedark valleyuntil eight
o'clock. Then they went to bed. Their mother sat sewing below.
Having such a great space in front of the house gave the children
a feeling of nightof vastnessand of terror. This terror came
in from the shrieking of the tree and the anguish of the home discord.
Often Paul would wake upafter he had been asleep a long time
aware of thuds downstairs. Instantly he was wide awake. Then he
heard the booming shouts of his fathercome home nearly drunkthen the
sharp replies of his motherthen the bangbang of his father's fist on
the tableand the nasty snarling shout as the man's voice got higher.
And then the whole was drowned in a piercing medley of shrieks
and cries from the greatwind-swept ash-tree. The children
lay silent in suspensewaiting for a lull in the wind to hear
what their father was doing. He might hit their mother again.
There was a feeling of horrora kind of bristling in the darkness
and a sense of blood. They lay with their hearts in the grip of an
intense anguish. The wind came through the tree fiercer and fiercer.
All the chords of the great harp hummedwhistledand shrieked.
And then came the horror of the sudden silencesilence everywhere
outside and downstairs. What was it? Was it a silence of blood?
What had he done?


The children lay and breathed the darkness. And thenat last
they heard their father throw down his boots and tramp upstairs
in his stockinged feet. Still they listened. Then at last
if the wind allowedthey heard the water of the tap drumming into
the kettlewhich their mother was filling for morningand they
could go to sleep in peace.


So they were happy in the morning--happyvery happy playing
dancing at night round the lonely lamp-post in the midst of
the darkness. But they had one tight place of anxiety in their hearts
one darkness in their eyeswhich showed all their lives.


Paul hated his father. As a boy he had a fervent private religion.


Make him stop drinking,he prayed every night. "Lordlet my
father die he prayed very often. Let him not be killed at pit
he prayed when, after tea, the father did not come home from work.


That was another time when the family suffered intensely.
The children came from school and had their teas. On the hob
the big black saucepan was simmering, the stew-jar was in the oven,
ready for Morel's dinner. He was expected at five o'clock. But for
months he would stop and drink every night on his way from work.


In the winter nights, when it was cold, and grew dark early,
Mrs. Morel would put a brass candlestick on the table, light a
tallow candle to save the gas. The children finished their
bread-and-butter, or dripping, and were ready to go out to play.
But if Morel had not come they faltered. The sense of his sitting
in all his pit-dirt, drinking, after a long day's work, not coming
home and eating and washing, but sitting, getting drunk, on an empty stomach,
made Mrs. Morel unable to bear herself. From her the feeling was
transmitted to the other children. She never suffered alone any more:
the children suffered with her.


Paul went out to play with the rest. Down in the great trough
of twilight, tiny clusters of lights burned where the pits were.
A few last colliers straggled up the dim field path. The lamplighter
came along. No more colliers came. Darkness shut down over the valley;
work was done. It was night.



Then Paul ran anxiously into the kitchen. The one candle still
burned on the table, the big fire glowed red. Mrs. Morel sat alone.
On the hob the saucepan steamed; the dinner-plate lay waiting
on the table. All the room was full of the sense of waiting,
waiting for the man who was sitting in his pit-dirt, dinnerless,
some mile away from home, across the darkness, drinking himself drunk.
Paul stood in the doorway.


Has my dad come?" he asked.


You can see he hasn't,said Mrs. Morelcross with the
futility of the question.


Then the boy dawdled about near his mother. They shared
the same anxiety. Presently Mrs. Morel went out and strained
the potatoes.


They're ruined and black,she said; "but what do I care?"


Not many words were spoken. Paul almost hated his mother
for suffering because his father did not come home from work.


What do you bother yourself for?he said. "If he wants
to stop and get drunkwhy don't you let him?"


Let him!flashed Mrs. Morel. "You may well say 'let him'."


She knew that the man who stops on the way home from work is on a
quick way to ruining himself and his home. The children were yet young
and depended on the breadwinner. William gave her the sense of relief
providing her at last with someone to turn to if Morel failed. But
the tense atmosphere of the room on these waiting evenings was the same.


The minutes ticked away. At six o'clock still the cloth lay
on the tablestill the dinner stood waitingstill the same sense
of anxiety and expectation in the room. The boy could not stand it
any longer. He could not go out and play. So he ran in to Mrs. Inger
next door but onefor her to talk to him. She had no children.
Her husband was good to her but was in a shopand came home late.
Sowhen she saw the lad at the doorshe called:


Come in, Paul.


The two sat talking for some timewhen suddenly
the boy rosesaying:


Well, I'll be going and seeing if my mother wants an errand doing.


He pretended to be perfectly cheerfuland did not tell his
friend what ailed him. Then he ran indoors.


Morel at these times came in churlish and hateful.


This is a nice time to come home,said Mrs. Morel.


Wha's it matter to yo' what time I come whoam?he shouted.


And everybody in the house was stillbecause he was dangerous.
He ate his food in the most brutal manner possibleandwhen he
had donepushed all the pots in a heap away from himto lay his
arms on the table. Then he went to sleep.


Paul hated his father so. The collier's smallmean head



with its black hair slightly soiled with greylay on the bare arms
and the facedirty and inflamedwith a fleshy nose and thin
paltry browswas turned sidewaysasleep with beer and weariness
and nasty temper. If anyone entered suddenlyor a noise were made
the man looked up and shouted:


I'll lay my fist about thy y'ead, I'm tellin' thee, if tha
doesna stop that clatter! Dost hear?


And the two last wordsshouted in a bullying fashion
usually at Anniemade the family writhe with hate of the man.


He was shut out from all family affairs. No one told him anything.
The childrenalone with their mothertold her all about the
day's happeningseverything. Nothing had really taken place in
them until it was told to their mother. But as soon as the father
came ineverything stopped. He was like the scotch in the smooth
happy machinery of the home. And he was always aware of this fall
of silence on his entrythe shutting off of lifethe unwelcome.
But now it was gone too far to alter.


He would dearly have liked the children to talk to him
but they could not. Sometimes Mrs. Morel would say:


You ought to tell your father.


Paul won a prize in a competition in a child's paper.
Everybody was highly jubilant.


Now you'd better tell your father when be comes in,
said Mrs. Morel. "You know how be carries on and says he's never
told anything."


All right,said Paul. But he would almost rather have
forfeited the prize than have to tell his father.


I've won a prize in a competition, dad,he said.
Morel turned round to him.


Have you, my boy? What sort of a competition?


Oh, nothing--about famous women.


And how much is the prize, then, as you've got?


It's a book.


Oh, indeed!


About birds.


Hm--hm!


And that was all. Conversation was impossible between the
father and any other member of the family. He was an outsider.
He had denied the God in him.


The only times when he entered again into the life of his own people
was when he workedand was happy at work. Sometimesin the evening
he cobbled the boots or mended the kettle or his pit-bottle. Then
he always wanted several attendantsand the children enjoyed it.
They united with him in the workin the actual doing of something
when he was his real self again.



He was a good workmandexterousand one whowhen he was in a
good humouralways sang. He had whole periodsmonthsalmost years
of friction and nasty temper. Then sometimes he was jolly again.
It was nice to see him run with a piece of red-hot iron into
the scullerycrying:


Out of my road--out of my road!


Then he hammered the softred-glowing stuff on his iron goose
and made the shape he wanted. Or he sat absorbed for a moment
soldering. Then the children watched with joy as the metal sank
suddenly moltenand was shoved about against the nose of the
soldering-ironwhile the room was full of a scent of burnt resin
and hot tinand Morel was silent and intent for a minute. He always
sang when he mended boots because of the jolly sound of hammering.
And he was rather happy when he sat putting great patches on his
moleskin pit trouserswhich he would often doconsidering them
too dirtyand the stuff too hardfor his wife to mend.


But the best time for the young children was when he made fuses.
Morel fetched a sheaf of long sound wheat-straws from the attic.
These he cleaned with his handtill each one gleamed like a
stalk of goldafter which he cut the straws into lengths of
about six inchesleavingif he coulda notch at the bottom
of each piece. He always had a beautifully sharp knife that could
cut a straw clean without hurting it. Then he set in the middle
of the table a heap of gunpowdera little pile of black grains
upon the white-scrubbed board. He made and trimmed the straws
while Paul and Annie rifled and plugged them. Paul loved to see
the black grains trickle down a crack in his palm into the mouth
of the strawpeppering jollily downwards till the straw was full.
Then he bunged up the mouth with a bit of soap--which he got on
his thumb-nail from a pat in a saucer--and the straw was finished.


Look, dad!he said.


That's right, my beauty,replied Morelwho was peculiarly
lavish of endearments to his second son. Paul popped the fuse into
the powder-tinready for the morningwhen Morel would take it
to the pitand use it to fire a shot that would blast the coal down.


Meantime Arthurstill fond of his fatherwould lean
on the arm of Morel's chair and say:


Tell us about down pit, daddy.


This Morel loved to do.


Well, there's one little 'oss--we call 'im Taffy,he would begin.
An' he's a fawce 'un!


Morel had a warm way of telling a story. He made one feel
Taffy's cunning.


He's a brown 'un,he would answeran' not very high.
Well, he comes i' th' stall wi' a rattle, an' then yo' 'ear 'im sneeze.


'ElloTaff' you say'what art sneezin' for? Bin ta'ein'
some snuff?'


An' 'e sneezes again. Then he slives up an' shoves 'is 'ead
on yer, that cadin'.


'What's wantTaff?' yo' say."



And what does he?Arthur always asked.

He wants a bit o' bacca, my duckie.

This story of Taffy would go on interminablyand everybody
loved it.

Or sometimes it was a new tale.

An' what dost think, my darlin'? When I went to put my coat
on at snap-time, what should go runnin' up my arm but a mouse.

'Hey uptheer!' I shouts.

An' I wor just in time ter get 'im by th' tail.

And did you kill it?

I did, for they're a nuisance. The place is fair snied wi' 'em.

An' what do they live on?

The corn as the 'osses drops--an' they'll get in your pocket an'
eat your snap, if you'll let 'em--no matter where yo' hing your coat-the
slivin', nibblin' little nuisances, for they are.

These happy evenings could not take place unless Morel
had some job to do. And then he always went to bed very early
often before the children. There was nothing remaining for him
to stay up forwhen he had finished tinkeringand had skimmed
the headlines of the newspaper.

And the children felt secure when their father was in bed.
They lay and talked softly a while. Then they started as the lights
went suddenly sprawling over the ceiling from the lamps that swung
in the hands of the colliers tramping by outsidegoing to take
the nine o'clock shift. They listened to the voices of the men
imagined them dipping down into the dark valley. Sometimes they
went to the window and watched the three or four lamps growing
tinier and tinierswaying down the fields in the darkness.
Then it was a joy to rush back to bed and cuddle closely in
the warmth.

Paul was rather a delicate boysubject to bronchitis.
The others were all quite strong; so this was another reason
for his mother's difference in feeling for him. One day he came
home at dinner-time feeling ill. But it was not a family to make
any fuss.

What's the matter with YOU?his mother asked sharply.

Nothing,he replied.

But he ate no dinner.

If you eat no dinner, you're not going to school,she said.

Why?he asked.

That's why.

So after dinner he lay down on the sofaon the warm chintz
cushions the children loved. Then he fell into a kind of doze.


That afternoon Mrs. Morel was ironing. She listened to the small
restless noise the boy made in his throat as she worked. Again rose
in her heart the oldalmost weary feeling towards him. She had
never expected him to live. And yet he had a great vitality in his young body.
Perhaps it would have been a little relief to her if he had died.
She always felt a mixture of anguish in her love for him.


Hein his semi-conscious sleepwas vaguely aware of
the clatter of the iron on the iron-standof the faint thud
thud on the ironing-board. Once rousedhe opened his eyes to see
his mother standing on the hearthrug with the hot iron near
her cheeklisteningas it wereto the heat. Her still face
with the mouth closed tight from suffering and disillusion and
self-denialand her nose the smallest bit on one sideand her blue
eyes so youngquickand warmmade his heart contract with love.
When she was quietsoshe looked brave and rich with lifebut as
if she had been done out of her rights. It hurt the boy keenly
this feeling about her that she had never had her life's fulfilment:
and his own incapability to make up to her hurt him with a sense of
impotenceyet made him patiently dogged inside. It was his childish aim.


She spat on the ironand a little ball of spit bounded
raced off the darkglossy surface. Thenkneelingshe rubbed
the iron on the sack lining of the hearthrug vigorously. She was
warm in the ruddy firelight. Paul loved the way she crouched
and put her head on one side. Her movements were light and quick.
It was always a pleasure to watch her. Nothing she ever did
no movement she ever madecould have been found fault with by
her children. The room was warm and full of the scent of hot linen.
Later on the clergyman came and talked softly with her.


Paul was laid up with an attack of bronchitis. He did not
mind much. What happened happenedand it was no good kicking
against the pricks. He loved the eveningsafter eight o'clock
when the light was put outand he could watch the fire-flames spring
over the darkness of the walls and ceiling; could watch huge shadows
waving and tossingtill the room seemed full of men who battled silently.


On retiring to bedthe father would come into the sickroom.
He was always very gentle if anyone were ill. But he disturbed the
atmosphere for the boy.


Are ter asleep, my darlin'?Morel asked softly.


No; is my mother comin'?


She's just finishin' foldin' the clothes. Do you want anything?
Morel rarely "thee'd" his son.


I don't want nothing. But how long will she be?


Not long, my duckie.


The father waited undecidedly on the hearthrug for a moment
or two. He felt his son did not want him. Then he went to the top
of the stairs and said to his wife:


This childt's axin' for thee; how long art goin' to be?


Until I've finished, good gracious! Tell him to go to sleep.


She says you're to go to sleep,the father repeated gently
to Paul.



Well, I want HER to come,insisted the boy.

He says he can't go off till you come,Morel called downstairs.

Eh, dear! I shan't be long. And do stop shouting downstairs.
There's the other children---


Then Morel came again and crouched before the bedroom fire.
He loved a fire dearly.


She says she won't be long,he said.


He loitered about indefinitely. The boy began to get feverish
with irritation. His father's presence seemed to aggravate all
his sick impatience. At last Morelafter having stood looking
at his son awhilesaid softly:


Good-night, my darling.


Good-night,Paul repliedturning round in relief to be alone.


Paul loved to sleep with his mother. Sleep is still most perfect
in spite of hygienistswhen it is shared with a beloved.
The warmththe security and peace of soulthe utter comfort from
the touch of the otherknits the sleepso that it takes the body
and soul completely in its healing. Paul lay against her and slept
and got better; whilst shealways a bad sleeperfell later on
into a profound sleep that seemed to give her faith.


In convalescence he would sit up in bedsee the fluffy
horses feeding at the troughs in the fieldscattering their hay
on the trodden yellow snow; watch the miners troop home--small
black figures trailing slowly in gangs across the white field.
Then the night came up in dark blue vapour from the snow.


In convalescence everything was wonderful. The snowflakes
suddenly arriving on the window-paneclung there a moment like swallows
then were goneand a drop of water was crawling down the glass.
The snowflakes whirled round the corner of the house
like pigeons dashing by. Away across the valley the little black
train crawled doubtfully over the great whiteness.


While they were so poorthe children were delighted if they
could do anything to help economically. Annie and Paul and Arthur
went out early in the morningin summerlooking for mushrooms
hunting through the wet grassfrom which the larks were rising
for the white-skinnedwonderful naked bodies crouched secretly in
the green. And if they got half a pound they felt exceedingly happy:
there was the joy of finding somethingthe joy of accepting something
straight from the hand of Natureand the joy of contributing to
the family exchequer.


But the most important harvestafter gleaning for frumenty
was the blackberries. Mrs. Morel must buy fruit for puddings on
the Saturdays; also she liked blackberries. So Paul and Arthur scoured
the coppices and woods and old quarriesso long as a blackberry
was to be foundevery week-end going on their search. In that
region of mining villages blackberries became a comparative rarity.
But Paul hunted far and wide. He loved being out in the country
among the bushes. But he also could not bear to go home to his
mother empty. Thathe feltwould disappoint herand he would
have died rather.


Good gracious!she would exclaim as the lads came in



lateand tired to deathand hungrywherever have you been?


Well,replied Paulthere wasn't any, so we went over
Misk Hills. And look here, our mother!


She peeped into the basket.


Now, those are fine ones!she exclaimed.


And there's over two pounds-isn't there over two pounds?


She tried the basket.


Yes,she answered doubtfully.


Then Paul fished out a little spray. He always brought her
one spraythe best he could find.


Pretty!she saidin a curious toneof a woman accepting
a love-token.


The boy walked all daywent miles and milesrather than
own himself beaten and come home to her empty-handed. She never
realised thiswhilst he was young. She was a woman who waited
for her children to grow up. And William occupied her chiefly.


But when William went to Nottinghamand was not so much at
homethe mother made a companion of Paul. The latter was
unconsciously jealous of his brotherand William was jealous of him.
At the same timethey were good friends.


Mrs. Morel's intimacy with her second son was more subtle and fine
perhaps not so passionate as with her eldest. It was the rule
that Paul should fetch the money on Friday afternoons. The colliers
of the five pits were paid on Fridaysbut not individually.
All the earnings of each stall were put down to the chief butty
as contractorand he divided the wages againeither in the
public-house or in his own home. So that the children could
fetch the moneyschool closed early on Friday afternoons.
Each of the Morel children--Williamthen Anniethen Paul--had fetched
the money on Friday afternoonsuntil they went themselves to work.
Paul used to set off at half-past threewith a little calico bag
in his pocket. Down all the pathswomengirlschildrenand men
were seen trooping to the offices.


These offices were quite handsome: a newred-brick building
almost like a mansionstanding in its own grounds at the end of
Greenhill Lane. The waiting-room was the halla longbare room
paved with blue brickand having a seat all roundagainst the wall.
Here sat the colliers in their pit-dirt. They had come up early.
The women and children usually loitered about on the red gravel paths.
Paul always examined the grass borderand the big grass bank
because in it grew tiny pansies and tiny forget-me-nots. There
was a sound of many voices. The women had on their Sunday hats.
The girls chattered loudly. Little dogs ran here and there.
The green shrubs were silent all around.


Then from inside came the cry "Spinney Park--Spinney Park."
All the folk for Spinney Park trooped inside. When it was time
for Bretty to be paidPaul went in among the crowd. The pay-room
was quite small. A counter went acrossdividing it into half.
Behind the counter stood two men--Mr. Braithwaite and his clerk
Mr. Winterbottom. Mr. Braithwaite was largesomewhat of the stern
patriarch in appearancehaving a rather thin white beard.



He was usually muffled in an enormous silk neckerchiefand right
up to the hot summer a huge fire burned in the open grate.
No window was open. Sometimes in winter the air scorched the throats
of the peoplecoming in from the freshness. Mr. Winterbottom
was rather small and fatand very bald. He made remarks that were
not wittywhilst his chief launched forth patriarchal admonitions
against the colliers.


The room was crowded with miners in their pit-dirtmen who had
been home and changedand womenand one or two childrenand usually
a dog. Paul was quite smallso it was often his fate to be jammed
behind the legs of the mennear the fire which scorched him.
He knew the order of the names--they went according to stall number.


Holliday,came the ringing voice of Mr. Braithwaite.
Then Mrs. Holliday stepped silently forwardwas paiddrew aside.


Bower--John Bower.


A boy stepped to the counter. Mr. Braithwaitelarge and irascible
glowered at him over his spectacles.


John Bower!he repeated.


It's me,said the boy.


Why, you used to 'ave a different nose than that,said glossy
Mr. Winterbottompeering over the counter. The people tittered
thinking of John Bower senior.


How is it your father's not come!said Mr. Braithwaite
in a large and magisterial voice.


He's badly,piped the boy.


You should tell him to keep off the drink,pronounced the
great cashier.


An' niver mind if he puts his foot through yer,said a mocking
voice from behind.


All the men laughed. The large and important cashier looked
down at his next sheet.


Fred Pilkington!he calledquite indifferent.


Mr. Braithwaite was an important shareholder in the firm.


Paul knew his turn was next but oneand his heart began to beat.
He was pushed against the chimney-piece. His calves were burning.
But he did not hope to get through the wall of men.


Walter Morel!came the ringing voice.


Here!piped Paulsmall and inadequate.


Morel--Walter Morel!the cashier repeatedhis finger
and thumb on the invoiceready to pass on.


Paul was suffering convulsions of self-consciousnessand could
not or would not shout. The backs of the men obliterated him.
Then Mr. Winterbottom came to the rescue.


He's here. Where is he? Morel's lad?



The fatredbald little man peered round with keen eyes.
He pointed at the fireplace. The colliers looked roundmoved aside
and disclosed the boy.


Here he is!said Mr. Winterbottom.


Paul went to the counter.


Seventeen pounds eleven and fivepence. Why don't you
shout up when you're called?said Mr. Braithwaite. He banged
on to the invoice a five-pound bag of silverthen in a delicate
and pretty movementpicked up a little ten-pound column of gold
and plumped it beside the silver. The gold slid in a bright stream
over the paper. The cashier finished counting off the money;
the boy dragged the whole down the counter to Mr. Winterbottom
to whom the stoppages for rent and tools must be paid. Here he
suffered again.


Sixteen an' six,said Mr. Winterbottom.


The lad was too much upset to count. He pushed forward some
loose silver and half a sovereign.


How much do you think you've given me?asked Mr. Winterbottom.


The boy looked at himbut said nothing. He had not the
faintest notion.


Haven't you got a tongue in your head?


Paul bit his lipand pushed forward some more silver.


Don't they teach you to count at the Board-school?he asked.


Nowt but algibbra an' French,said a collier.


An' cheek an' impidence,said another.


Paul was keeping someone waiting. With trembling fingers he
got his money into the bag and slid out. He suffered the tortures
of the damned on these occasions.


His reliefwhen he got outsideand was walking along the
Mansfield Roadwas infinite. On the park wall the mosses were green.
There were some gold and some white fowls pecking under the apple
trees of an orchard. The colliers were walking home in a stream.
The boy went near the wallself-consciously. He knew many of the men
but could not recognise them in their dirt. And this was a new
torture to him.


When he got down to the New Innat Brettyhis father was not
yet come. Mrs. Wharmbythe landladyknew him. His grandmother
Morel's motherhad been Mrs. Wharmby's friend.


Your father's not come yet,said the landladyin the peculiar
half-scornfulhalf-patronising voice of a woman who talks chiefly
to grown men. "Sit you down."


Paul sat down on the edge of the bench in the bar.
Some colliers were "reckoning"--sharing out their money--in a corner;
others came in. They all glanced at the boy without speaking.
At last Morel came; briskand with something of an aireven in
his blackness.



Hello!he said rather tenderly to his son. "Have you bested me?
Shall you have a drink of something?"


Paul and all the children were bred up fierce anti-alcoholists
and he would have suffered more in drinking a lemonade before all
the men than in having a tooth drawn.


The landlady looked at him de haut en basrather pitying
and at the same timeresenting his clearfierce morality.
Paul went homeglowering. He entered the house silently.
Friday was baking dayand there was usually a hot bun. His mother
put it before him.


Suddenly he turned on her in a furyhis eyes flashing:


I'm NOT going to the office any more,he said.


Why, what's the matter?his mother asked in surprise.
His sudden rages rather amused her.


I'm NOT going any more,he declared.


Oh, very well, tell your father so.


He chewed his bun as if he hated it.


I'm not--I'm not going to fetch the money.


Then one of Carlin's children can go; they'd be glad enough
of the sixpence,said Mrs. Morel.


This sixpence was Paul's only income. It mostly went in buying
birthday presents; but it WAS an incomeand he treasured it.
But---


They can have it, then!he said. "I don't want it."


Oh, very well,said his mother. "But you needn't bully ME
about it."


They're hateful, and common, and hateful, they are,
and I'm not going any more. Mr. Braithwaite drops his 'h's', an'
Mr. Winterbottom says 'You was'.


And is that why you won't go any more?smiled Mrs. Morel.


The boy was silent for some time. His face was palehis eyes
dark and furious. His mother moved
about at her worktaking no notice of him.


They always stan' in front of me, so's I can't get out,
he said.


Well, my lad, you've only to ASK them,she replied.


An' then Alfred Winterbottom says, 'What do they teach you
at the Board-school?'


They never taught HIM much,said Mrs. Morelthat is a fact--
neither manners nor wit--and his cunning he was born with.


Soin her own wayshe soothed him.
His ridiculous hypersensitiveness made her



heart ache. And sometimes the fury in his eyes
roused hermade her sleeping soul lift up its head a momentsurprised.


What was the cheque?she asked.


Seventeen pounds eleven and fivepence, and sixteen
and six stoppages,replied the boy. "It's a good week;
and only five shillings stoppages for my father."


So she was able to calculate how much her husband had earned
and could call him to account if he gave her short money.
Morel always kept to himself the secret of the week's amount.


Friday was the baking night and market night. It was the
rule that Paul should stay at home and bake. He loved to stop
in and draw or read; he was very fond of drawing. Annie always
gallivantedon Friday nights; Arthur was enjoying himself as usual.
So the boy remained alone.


Mrs. Morel loved her marketing. In the tiny market-place on
the top of the hillwhere four roadsfrom Nottingham and Derby
Ilkeston and Mansfieldmeetmany stalls were erected. Brakes ran
in from surrounding villages. The market-place was full of women
the streets packed with men. It was amazing to see so many men
everywhere in the streets. Mrs. Morel usually quarrelled with
her lace womansympathised with her fruit man--who was a gabey
but his wife was a bad 'un--laughed with the fish man--who was
a scamp but so droll--put the linoleum man in his placewas cold
with the odd-wares manand only went to the crockery man when she
was driven--or drawn by the cornflowers on a little dish; then she
was coldly polite.


I wondered how much that little dish was,she said.


Sevenpence to you.


Thank you.


She put the dish down and walked away; but she could not leave
the market-place without it. Again she went by where the pots
lay coldly on the floorand she glanced at the dish furtively
pretending not to.


She was a little womanin a bonnet and a black costume.
Her bonnet was in its third year; it was a great grievance to Annie.


Mother!the girl imploreddon't wear that nubbly little bonnet.


Then what else shall I wear,replied the mother tartly.
And I'm sure it's right enough.


It had started with a tip; then had had flowers; now was
reduced to black lace and a bit of jet.


It looks rather come down,said Paul. "Couldn't you give
it a pick-me-up?"


I'll jowl your head for impudence,said Mrs. Moreland she
tied the strings of the black bonnet valiantly under her chin.


She glanced at the dish again. Both she and her enemy
the pot manhad an uncomfortable feelingas if there were something
between them. Suddenly he shouted:



Do you want it for fivepence?


She started. Her heart hardened; but then she stooped and took
up her dish.


I'll have it,she said.


Yer'll do me the favour, like?he said. "Yer'd better spit
in itlike yer do when y'ave something give yer."


Mrs. Morel paid him the fivepence in a cold manner.


I don't see you give it me,she said. "You wouldn't let me
have it for fivepence if you didn't want to."


In this flamin', scrattlin' place you may count yerself lucky
if you can give your things away,he growled.


Yes; there are bad times, and good,said Mrs. Morel.


But she had forgiven the pot man. They were friends.
She dare now finger his pots. So she was happy.


Paul was waiting for her. He loved her home-coming. She
was always her best so--triumphanttiredladen with parcels
feeling rich in spirit. He heard her quicklight step in the entry
and looked up from his drawing.


Oh!she sighedsmiling at him from the doorway.


My word, you ARE loaded!he exclaimedputting down his brush.


I am!she gasped. "That brazen Annie said she'd meet me.
SUCH a weight!"


She dropped her string bag and her packages on the table.


Is the bread done?she askedgoing to the oven.


The last one is soaking,he replied. "You needn't look
I've not forgotten it."


Oh, that pot man!she saidclosing the oven door.
You know what a wretch I've said he was? Well, I don't think he's
quite so bad.


Don't you?


The boy was attentive to her. She took off her little
black bonnet.


No. I think he can't make any money--well, it's everybody's
cry alike nowadays--and it makes him disagreeable.


It would ME,said Paul.


Well, one can't wonder at it. And he let me have--how much
do you think he let me have THIS for?


She took the dish out of its rag of newspaperand stood
looking on it with joy.


Show me!said Paul.



The two stood together gloating over the dish.
I LOVE cornflowers on things,said Paul.
Yes, and I thought of the teapot you bought me---
One and three,said Paul.
Fivepence!
It's not enough, mother.
No. Do you know, I fairly sneaked off with it. But I'd


been extravagant, I couldn't afford any more. And he needn't


have let me have it if he hadn't wanted to.
No, he needn't, need he,said Pauland the two comforted
each other from the fear of having robbed the pot man.


We c'n have stewed fruit in it,said Paul.


Or custard, or a jelly,said his mother.


Or radishes and lettuce,said he.


Don't forget that bread,she saidher voice bright with glee.


Paul looked in the oven; tapped the loaf on the base.


It's done,he saidgiving it to her.


She tapped it also.


Yes,she repliedgoing to unpack her bag. "Ohand I'm


a wickedextravagant woman. I know I s'll come to want."
He hopped to her side eagerlyto see her latest extravagance.


She unfolded another lump of newspaper and disclosed some roots of
pansies and of crimson daisies.
Four penn'orth!she moaned.
How CHEAP!he cried.
Yes, but I couldn't afford it THIS week of all weeks.
But lovely!he cried.
Aren't they!she exclaimedgiving way to pure joy.


Paul, look at this yellow one, isn't it--and a face just like an


old man!
Just!cried Paulstooping to sniff. "And smells that nice!
But he's a bit splashed."


He ran in the scullerycame back with the flanneland carefully
washed the pansy.
NOW look at him now he's wet!he said.


Yes!she exclaimedbrimful of satisfaction.
The children of Scargill Street felt quite select. At the
end where the Morels lived there were not many young things.



So the few were more united. Boys and girls played together
the girls joining in the fights and the rough gamesthe boys taking
part in the dancing games and rings and make-belief of the girls.


Annie and Paul and Arthur loved the winter evenings
when it was not wet. They stayed indoors till the colliers
were all gone hometill it was thick darkand the street would
be deserted. Then they tied their scarves round their necks
for they scorned overcoatsas all the colliers' children did
and went out. The entry was very darkand at the end the whole
great night opened outin a hollowwith a little tangle of lights
below where Minton pit layand another far away opposite for Selby.
The farthest tiny lights seemed to stretch out the darkness for ever.
The children looked anxiously down the road at the one lamp-post
which stood at the end of the field path. If the little
luminous space were desertedthe two boys felt genuine desolation.
They stood with their hands in their pockets under the lamp
turning their backs on the nightquite miserablewatching the
dark houses. Suddenly a pinafore under a short coat was seen
and a long-legged girl came flying up.


Where's Billy Pillins an' your Annie an' Eddie Dakin?


I don't know.


But it did not matter so much--there were three now. They set
up a game round the lamp-posttill the others rushed upyelling.
Then the play went fast and furious.


There was only this one lamp-post. Behind was the great scoop
of darknessas if all the night were there. In frontanother wide
dark way opened over the hill brow. Occasionally somebody came
out of this way and went into the field down the path. In a dozen
yards the night had swallowed them. The children played on.


They were brought exceedingly close together owing to
their isolation. If a quarrel took placethe whole play was spoilt.
Arthur was very touchyand Billy Pillins--really Philips--was worse.
Then Paul had to side with Arthurand on Paul's side went Alice
while Billy Pillins always had Emmie Limb and Eddie Dakin to back
him up. Then the six would fighthate with a fury of hatred
and flee home in terror. Paul never forgotafter one of these fierce
internecine fightsseeing a big red moon lift itself upslowly
between the waste road over the hilltopsteadilylike a great bird.
And he thought of the Biblethat the moon should be turned to blood.
And the next day he made haste to be friends with Billy Pillins.
And then the wildintense games went on again under the lamp-post
surrounded by so much darkness. Mrs. Morelgoing into her parlour
would hear the children singing away:


My shoes are made of Spanish leather,
My socks are made of silk;
I wear a ring on every finger,
I wash myself in milk.


They sounded so perfectly absorbed in the game as their voices came
out of the nightthat they had the feel of wild creatures singing.
It stirred the mother; and she understood when they came in at eight
o'clockruddywith brilliant eyesand quickpassionate speech.

They all loved the Scargill Street house for its openness
for the great scallop of the world it had in view. On summer evenings
the women would stand against the field fencegossipingfacing
the westwatching the sunsets flare quickly outtill the Derbyshire


hills ridged across the crimson far awaylike the black crest
of a newt.

In this summer season the pits never turned full time
particularly the soft coal. Mrs. Dakinwho lived next door
to Mrs. Morelgoing to the field fence to shake her hearthrug
would spy men coming slowly up the hill. She saw at once they
were colliers. Then she waiteda tallthinshrew-faced woman
standing on the hill browalmost like a menace to the poor colliers
who were toiling up. It was only eleven o'clock. From the far-off
wooded hills the haze that hangs like fine black crape at the back
of a summer morning had not yet dissipated. The first man came
to the stile. "Chock-chock!" went the gate under his thrust.

What, han' yer knocked off?cried Mrs. Dakin.

We han, missis.

It's a pity as they letn yer goo,she said sarcastically.

It is that,replied the man.

Nay, you know you're flig to come up again,she said.

And the man went on. Mrs. Dakingoing up her yard
spied Mrs. Morel taking the ashes to the ash-pit.

I reckon Minton's knocked off, missis,she cried.

Isn't it sickenin!exclaimed Mrs. Morel in wrath.

Ha! But I'n just seed Jont Hutchby.

They might as well have saved their shoe-leather,
said Mrs. Morel. And both women went indoors disgusted.

The collierstheir faces scarcely blackenedwere trooping
home again. Morel hated to go back. He loved the sunny morning.
But he had gone to pit to workand to be sent home again spoilt
his temper.

Good gracious, at this time!exclaimed his wifeas he entered.

Can I help it, woman?he shouted.

And I've not done half enough dinner.

Then I'll eat my bit o' snap as I took with me,
he bawled pathetically. He felt ignominious and sore.

And the childrencoming home from schoolwould wonder to see
their father eating with his dinner the two thick slices of rather
dry and dirty bread-and-butter that had been to pit and back.

What's my dad eating his snap for now?asked Arthur.

I should ha'e it holled at me if I didna,snorted Morel.

What a story!exclaimed his wife.

An' is it goin' to be wasted?said Morel. "I'm not such
a extravagant mortal as you lotwith your waste. If I drop
a bit of bread at pitin all the dust an' dirtI pick it up an'
eat it."


The mice would eat it,said Paul. "It wouldn't be wasted."


Good bread-an'-butter's not for mice, either,said Morel.
Dirty or not dirty, I'd eat it rather than it should be wasted.


You might leave it for the mice and pay for it out of your
next pint,said Mrs. Morel.


Oh, might I?he exclaimed.


They were very poor that autumn. William had just gone away
to Londonand his mother missed his money. He sent ten shillings once
or twicebut he had many things to pay for at first. His letters
came regularly once a week. He wrote a good deal to his mother
telling her all his lifehow he made friendsand was exchanging
lessons with a Frenchmanhow he enjoyed London. His mother felt
again he was remaining to her just as when he was at home. She wrote
to him every week her directrather witty letters. All day long
as she cleaned the houseshe thought of him. He was in London:
he would do well. Almosthe was like her knight who wore HER
favour in the battle.


He was coming at Christmas for five days. There had never
been such preparations. Paul and Arthur scoured the land
for holly and evergreens. Annie made the pretty paper hoops
in the old-fashioned way. And there was unheard-of extravagance
in the larder. Mrs. Morel made a big and magnificent cake.
Thenfeeling queenlyshe showed Paul how to blanch almonds.
He skinned the long nuts reverentlycounting them allto see not
one was lost. It was said that eggs whisked better in a cold place.
So the boy stood in the scullerywhere the temperature was nearly
at freezing-pointand whisked and whiskedand flew in excitement
to his mother as the white of egg grew stiffer and more snowy.


Just look, mother! Isn't it lovely?


And he balanced a bit on his nosethen blew it in the air.


Now, don't waste it,said the mother.


Everybody was mad with excitement. William was coming on
Christmas Eve. Mrs. Morel surveyed her pantry. There was a big
plum cakeand a rice cakejam tartslemon tartsand mince-pies--
two enormous dishes. She was finishing cooking--Spanish tarts
and cheese-cakes. Everywhere was decorated. The kissing bunch
of berried holly hung with bright and glittering thingsspun slowly
over Mrs. Morel's head as she trimmed her little tarts in the kitchen.
A great fire roared. There was a scent of cooked pastry. He was due
at seven o'clockbut he would be late. The three children had gone
to meet him. She was alone. But at a quarter to seven Morel came
in again. Neither wife nor husband spoke. He sat in his armchair
quite awkward with excitementand she quietly went on with her baking.
Only by the careful way in which she did things could it be told
how much moved she was. The clock ticked on.


What time dost say he's coming?Morel asked for the fifth time.


The train gets in at half-past six,she replied emphatically.


Then he'll be here at ten past seven.


Eh, bless you, it'll be hours late on the Midland,
she said indifferently. But she hopedby expecting him late



to bring him early. Morel went down the entry to look for him.
Then he came back.

Goodness, man!she said. "You're like an ill-sitting hen."

Hadna you better be gettin' him summat t' eat ready?
asked the father.

There's plenty of time,she answered.

There's not so much as I can see on,he answered
turning crossly in his chair. She began to clear her table.
The kettle was singing. They waited and waited.

Meantime the three children were on the platform at Sethley Bridge
on the Midland main linetwo miles from home. They waited one hour.
A train came--he was not there. Down the line the red and green
lights shone. It was very dark and very cold.

Ask him if the London train's come,said Paul to Annie
when they saw a man in a tip cap.

I'm not,said Annie. "You be quiet--he might send us off."

But Paul was dying for the man to know they were expecting
someone by the London train: it sounded so grand. Yet he was much
too much scared of broaching any manlet alone one in a peaked cap
to dare to ask. The three children could scarcely go into the
waiting-room for fear of being sent awayand for fear
something should happen whilst they were off the platform.
Still they waited in the dark and cold.

It's an hour an' a half late,said Arthur pathetically.

Well,said Annieit's Christmas Eve.

They all grew silent. He wasn't coming. They looked
down the darkness of the railway. There was London! It seemed
the utter-most of distance. They thought anything might happen
if one came from London. They were all too troubled to talk.
Coldand unhappyand silentthey huddled together on the platform.

At lastafter more than two hoursthey saw the lights of an
engine peering roundaway down the darkness. A porter ran out.
The children drew back with beating hearts. A great train
bound for Manchesterdrew up. Two doors openedand from one
of themWilliam. They flew to him. He handed parcels to them
cheerilyand immediately began to explain that this great train had
stopped for HIS sake at such a small station as Sethley Bridge:
it was not booked to stop.

Meanwhile the parents were getting anxious. The table was set
the chop was cookedeverything was ready. Mrs. Morel put on
her black apron. She was wearing her best dress. Then she sat
pretending to read. The minutes were a torture to her.

H'm!said Morel. "It's an hour an' a ha'ef."

And those children waiting!she said.

Th' train canna ha' come in yet,he said.

I tell you, on Christmas Eve they're HOURS wrong.


They were both a bit cross with each otherso gnawed
with anxiety. The ash tree moaned outside in a coldraw wind.
And all that space of night from London home! Mrs. Morel suffered.
The slight click of the works inside the clock irritated her.
It was getting so late; it was getting unbearable.


At last there was a sound of voicesand a footstep in the entry.


Ha's here!cried Moreljumping up.


Then he stood back. The mother ran a few steps towards
the door and waited. There was a rush and a patter of feet
the door burst open. William was there. He dropped his Gladstone
bag and took his mother in his arms.


Mater!he said.


My boy!she cried.


And for two secondsno longershe clasped him and kissed him.
Then she withdrew and saidtrying to be quite normal:


But how late you are!


Aren't I!he criedturning to his father. "Welldad!"


The two men shook hands.


Well, my lad!


Morel's eyes were wet.


We thought tha'd niver be commin',he said.


Oh, I'd come!exclaimed William.


Then the son turned round to his mother.


But you look well,she said proudlylaughing.


Well!he exclaimed. "I should think so--coming home!"


He was a fine fellowbigstraightand fearless-looking. He
looked round at the evergreens and the kissing bunchand the little
tarts that lay in their tins on the hearth.


By jove! mother, it's not different!he saidas if in relief.


Everybody was still for a second. Then he suddenly sprang forward
picked a tart from the hearthand pushed it whole into his mouth.


Well, did iver you see such a parish oven!the father exclaimed.


He had brought them endless presents. Every penny he had he had
spent on them. There was a sense of luxury overflowing in the house.
For his mother there was an umbrella with gold on the pale handle.
She kept it to her dying dayand would have lost anything rather
than that. Everybody had something gorgeousand besidesthere were
pounds of unknown sweets: Turkish delightcrystallised pineapple
and such-like things whichthe children thoughtonly the splendour
of London could provide. And Paul boasted of these sweets among
his friends.


Real pineapple, cut off in slices, and then turned into



crystal--fair grand!

Everybody was mad with happiness in the family. Home was home
and they loved it with a passion of lovewhatever the suffering
had been. There were partiesthere were rejoicings. People came
in to see Williamto see what difference London had made to him.
And they all found him "such a gentlemanand SUCH a fine fellow
my word"!

When he went away again the children retired to various places
to weep alone. Morel went to bed in miseryand Mrs. Morel felt as
if she were numbed by some drugas if her feelings were paralysed.
She loved him passionately.

He was in the office of a lawyer connected with a large
shipping firmand at the midsummer his chief offered him a trip
in the Mediterranean on one of the boatsfor quite a small cost.
Mrs. Morel wrote: "Gogomy boy. You may never have a chance again
and I should love to think of you cruising there in the Mediterranean
almost better than to have you at home." But William came home for
his fortnight's holiday. Not even the Mediterraneanwhich pulled
at all his young man's desire to traveland at his poor man's wonder
at the glamorous southcould take him away when he might come home.
That compensated his mother for much.

CHAPTER V

PAUL LAUNCHES INTO LIFE

MOREL was rather a heedless mancareless of danger. So he had
endless accidents. Nowwhen Mrs. Morel heard the rattle of an empty
coal-cart cease at her entry-endshe ran into the parlour to look
expecting almost to see her husband seated in the waggonhis face
grey under his dirthis body limp and sick with some hurt or other.
If it were heshe would run out to help.

About a year after William went to Londonand just after Paul
had left schoolbefore he got workMrs. Morel was upstairs and her
son was painting in the kitchen--he was very clever with his brush--when
there came a knock at the door. Crossly he put down his brush to go.
At the same moment his mother opened a window upstairs and looked down.

A pit-lad in his dirt stood on the threshold.

Is this Walter Morel's?he asked.

Yes,said Mrs. Morel. "What is it?"

But she had guessed already.

Your mester's got hurt,he said.

Eh, dear me!she exclaimed. "It's a wonder if he hadn'tlad.
And what's he done this time?"

I don't know for sure, but it's 'is leg somewhere. They ta'ein'
'im ter th' 'ospital.

Good gracious me!she exclaimed. "Ehdearwhat a one he is!
There's not five minutes of peaceI'll be hanged if there is!
His thumb's nearly betterand now--- Did you see him?"


I seed him at th' bottom. An' I seed 'em bring 'im up in
a tub, an' 'e wor in a dead faint. But he shouted like anythink
when Doctor Fraser examined him i' th' lamp cabin--an' cossed an'
swore, an' said as 'e wor goin' to be ta'en whoam--'e worn't goin'
ter th' 'ospital.


The boy faltered to an end.


He WOULD want to come home, so that I can have all the bother.
Thank you, my lad. Eh, dear, if I'm not sick--sick and surfeited,
I am!


She came downstairs. Paul had mechanically resumed his painting.


And it must be pretty bad if they've taken him to the hospital,
she went on. "But what a CARELESS creature he is! OTHER men don't
have all these accidents. Yeshe WOULD want to put all the burden
on me. Ehdearjust as we WERE getting easy a bit at last.
Put those things awaythere's no time to be painting now. What time
is there a train? I know I s'll have to go trailing to Keston.
I s'll have to leave that bedroom."


I can finish it,said Paul.


You needn't. I shall catch the seven o'clock back,
I should think. Oh, my blessed heart, the fuss and commotion
he'll make! And those granite setts at Tinder Hill--he might
well call them kidney pebbles--they'll jolt him almost to bits.
I wonder why they can't mend them, the state they're in, an'
all the men as go across in that ambulance. You'd think they'd
have a hospital here. The men bought the ground, and, my sirs,
there'd be accidents enough to keep it going. But no, they must
trail them ten miles in a slow ambulance to Nottingham. It's a
crying shame! Oh, and the fuss he'll make! I know he will!
I wonder who's with him. Barker, I s'd think. Poor beggar,
he'll wish himself anywhere rather. But he'll look after him, I know.
Now there's no telling how long he'll be stuck in that hospital--and
WON'T he hate it! But if it's only his leg it's not so bad.


All the time she was getting ready. Hurriedly taking off her
bodiceshe crouched at the boiler
while the water ran slowly into her lading-can.


I wish this boiler was at the bottom of the sea!she exclaimed
wriggling the handle impatiently. She had very handsomestrong arms
rather surprising on a smallish woman.


Paul cleared awayput on the kettleand set the table.


There isn't a train till four-twenty,he said.
You've time enough.


Oh no, I haven't!she criedblinking at him over the towel
as she wiped her face.


Yes, you have. You must drink a cup of tea at any rate.
Should I come with you to Keston?


Come with me? What for, I should like to know? Now, what have
I to take him? Eh, dear! His clean shirt--and it's a blessing it
IS clean. But it had better be aired. And stockings--he won't want
them--and a towel, I suppose; and handkerchiefs. Now what else?


A comb, a knife and fork and spoon,said Paul. His father



had been in the hospital before.


Goodness knows what sort of state his feet were in,
continued Mrs. Morelas she combed her long brown hairthat was
fine as silkand was touched now with grey. "He's very particular
to wash himself to the waistbut below he thinks doesn't matter.
But thereI suppose they see plenty like it."


Paul had laid the table. He cut his mother one or two pieces
of very thin bread and butter.


Here you are,he saidputting her cup of tea in her place.


I can't be bothered!she exclaimed crossly.


Well, you've got to, so there, now it's put out ready,
he insisted.


So she sat down and sipped her teaand ate a littlein silence.
She was thinking.


In a few minutes she was goneto walk the two and a half miles
to Keston Station. All the things she was taking him she had in her
bulging string bag. Paul watched her go up the road between the
hedges--a littlequick-stepping figureand his heart ached for her
that she was thrust forward again into pain and trouble. And she
tripping so quickly in her anxietyfelt at the back of her her
son's heart waiting on herfelt him bearing what part of the burden
he couldeven supporting her. And when she was at the hospital
she thought: "It WILL upset that lad when I tell him how bad it is.
I'd better be careful." And when she was trudging home again
she felt he was coming to share her burden.


Is it bad?asked Paulas soon as she entered the house.


It's bad enough,she replied.


What?


She sighed and sat downundoing her bonnet-strings. Her son
watched her face as it was liftedand her smallwork-hardened hands
fingering at the bow under her chin.


Well,she answeredit's not really dangerous, but the nurse
says it's a dreadful smash. You see, a great piece of rock fell
on his leg--here--and it's a compound fracture. There are pieces
of bone sticking through---


Ugh--how horrid!exclaimed the children.


And,she continuedof course he says he's going to die--it
wouldn't be him if he didn't. 'I'm done for, my lass!' he said,
looking at me. 'Don't be so silly,' I said to him. 'You're not going
to die of a broken leg, however badly it's smashed.' 'I s'll niver
come out of 'ere but in a wooden box,' he groaned. 'Well,' I said,
'if you want them to carry you into the garden in a wooden box,
when you're better, I've no doubt they will.' 'If we think it's
good for him,' said the Sister. She's an awfully nice Sister,
but rather strict.


Mrs. Morel took off her bonnet. The children waited in silence.


Of course, he IS bad,she continuedand he will be.
It's a great shock, and he's lost a lot of blood; and, of course,



it IS a very dangerous smash. It's not at all sure that it will mend
so easily. And then there's the fever and the mortification--if it took
bad ways he'd quickly be gone. But there, he's a clean-blooded man,
with wonderful healing flesh, and so I see no reason why it SHOULD
take bad ways. Of course there's a wound---


She was pale now with emotion and anxiety. The three children
realised that it was very bad for their fatherand the house
was silentanxious.


But he always gets better,said Paul after a while.


That's what I tell him,said the mother.


Everybody moved about in silence.


And he really looked nearly done for,she said. "But the
Sister says that is the pain."


Annie took away her mother's coat and bonnet.


And he looked at me when I came away! I said: 'I s'll
have to go now, Walter, because of the train--and the children.'
And he looked at me. It seems hard.


Paul took up his brush again and went on painting. Arthur went
outside for some coal. Annie sat looking dismal. And Mrs. Morel
in her little rocking-chair that her husband had made for her
when the first baby was comingremained motionlessbrooding.
She was grievedand bitterly sorry for the man who was hurt so much.
But stillin her heart of heartswhere the love should have burned
there was a blank. Nowwhen all her woman's pity was roused to its
full extentwhen she would have slaved herself to death to nurse
him and to save himwhen she would have taken the pain herself
if she couldsomewhere far away inside hershe felt indifferent
to him and to his suffering. It hurt her most of allthis failure
to love himeven when he roused her strong emotions. She brooded
a while.


And there,she said suddenlywhen I'd got halfway to Keston,
I found I'd come out in my working boots--and LOOK at them.
They were an old pair of Paul'sbrown and rubbed through at
the toes. "I didn't know what to do with myselffor shame
she added.


In the morning, when Annie and Arthur were at school, Mrs. Morel
talked again to her son, who was helping her with her housework.


I found Barker at the hospital. He did look bad
poor little fellow! 'Well' I said to him'what sort of a
journey did you have with him?' 'Dunna ax memissis!' he said.
'Ay' I said'I know what he'd be.' 'But it WOR bad for him
Mrs. Morelit WOR that!' he said. 'I know' I said. 'At ivry jolt
I thought my 'eart would ha' flown clean out o' my mouth' he said.
'An' the scream 'e gives sometimes! Missisnot for a fortune would
I go through wi' it again.' 'I can quite understand it' I said.
'It's a nasty jobthough' he said'an' one as'll be a long
while afore it's right again.' 'I'm afraid it will' I said.
I like Mr. Barker--I DO like him. There's something so manly
about him."


Paul resumed his task silently.


And of course,Mrs. Morel continuedfor a man like your father,



the hospital IS hard. He CAN'T understand rules and regulations.
And he won't let anybody else touch him, not if he can help it.
When he smashed the muscles of his thigh, and it had to be dressed
four times a day, WOULD he let anybody but me or his mother do it?
He wouldn't. So, of course, he'll suffer in there with the nurses.
And I didn't like leaving him. I'm sure, when I kissed him an' came away,
it seemed a shame.


So she talked to her sonalmost as if she were thinking
aloud to himand he took it in as best he couldby sharing her
trouble to lighten it. And in the end she shared almost everything
with him without knowing.


Morel had a very bad time. For a week he was in a
critical condition. Then he began to mend. And thenknowing he
was going to get betterthe whole family sighed with relief
and proceeded to live happily.


They were not badly off whilst Morel was in the hospital.
There were fourteen shillings a week from the pitten shillings
from the sick cluband five shillings from the Disability Fund;
and then every week the butties had something for Mrs. Morel--five
or seven shillings--so that she was quite well to do. And whilst
Morel was progressing favourably in the hospitalthe family was
extraordinarily happy and peaceful. On Saturdays and Wednesdays
Mrs. Morel went to Nottingham to see her husband. Then she always
brought back some little thing: a small tube of paints for Paul
or some thick paper; a couple of postcards for Anniethat the whole
family rejoiced over for days before the girl was allowed to send
them away; or a fret-saw for Arthuror a bit of pretty wood.
She described her adventures into the big shops with joy.
Soon the folk in the picture-shop knew herand knew about Paul.
The girl in the book-shop took a keen interest in her. Mrs. Morel
was full of information when she got home from Nottingham. The three
sat round till bed-timelisteningputting inarguing. Then Paul
often raked the fire.


I'm the man in the house now,he used to say to his mother
with joy. They learned how perfectly peaceful the home could be.
And they almost regretted--though none of them would have owned to
such callousness--that their father was soon coming back.


Paul was now fourteenand was looking for work. He was a
rather small and rather finely-made boywith dark brown hair and
light blue eyes. His face had already lost its youthful chubbiness
and was becoming somewhat like William's--rough-featuredalmost
rugged--and it was extraordinarily mobile. Usually he looked
as if he saw thingswas full of lifeand warm; then his smile
like his mother'scame suddenly and was very lovable; and then
when there was any clog in his soul's quick runninghis face went
stupid and ugly. He was the sort of boy that becomes a clown
and a lout as soon as he is not understoodor feels himself
held cheap; andagainis adorable at the first touch of warmth.


He suffered very much from the first contact with anything.
When he was seventhe starting school had been a nightmare and a
torture to him. But afterwards he liked it. And now that he felt
he had to go out into lifehe went through agonies of shrinking
self-consciousness. He was quite a clever painter for a boy of his years
and he knew some French and German and mathematics that Mr. Heaton
had taught him. But nothing he had was of any commercial value.
He was not strong enough for heavy manual workhis mother said.
He did not care for making things with his handspreferred racing about
or making excursions into the countryor readingor painting.



What do you want to be?his mother asked.

Anything.

That is no answer,said Mrs. Morel.

But it was quite truthfully the only answer he could give.
His ambitionas far as this world's gear wentwas quietly to earn
his thirty or thirty-five shillings a week somewhere near home
and thenwhen his father diedhave a cottage with his mother
paint and go out as he likedand live happy ever after. That was his
programme as far as doing things went. But he was proud within himself
measuring people against himselfand placing theminexorably. And he
thought that PERHAPS he might also make a painterthe real thing.
But that he left alone.


Then,said his motheryou must look in the paper
for the advertisements.


He looked at her. It seemed to him a bitter humiliation
and an anguish to go through. But he said nothing. When he got up
in the morninghis whole being was knotted up over this one thought:


I've got to go and look for advertisements for a job.


It stood in front of the morningthat thoughtkilling all
joy and even lifefor him. His heart felt like a tight knot.


And thenat ten o'clockhe set off. He was supposed to be
a queerquiet child. Going up the sunny street of the little town
he felt as if all the folk he met said to themselves: "He's going
to the Co-op. reading-room to look in the papers for a place.
He can't get a job. I suppose he's living on his mother." Then he
crept up the stone stairs behind the drapery shop at the Co-op.
and peeped in the reading-room. Usually one or two men were there
either olduseless fellowsor colliers "on the club". So he entered
full of shrinking and suffering when they looked upseated himself at
the tableand pretended to scan the news. He knew they would think:
What does a lad of thirteen want in a reading-room with a newspaper?
and he suffered.


Then he looked wistfully out of the window. Already he was
a prisoner of industrialism. Large sunflowers stared over the
old red wall of the garden oppositelooking in their jolly way
down on the women who were hurrying with something for dinner.
The valley was full of cornbrightening in the sun. Two collieries
among the fieldswaved their small white plumes of steam. Far off
on the hills were the woods of Annesleydark and fascinating.
Already his heart went down. He was being taken into bondage.
His freedom in the beloved home valley was going now.


The brewers' waggons came rolling up from Keston with enormous
barrelsfour a sidelike beans in a burst bean-pod. The waggoner
throned aloftrolling massively in his seatwas not so much
below Paul's eye. The man's hairon his smallbullet head
was bleached almost white by the sunand on his thick red arms
rocking idly on his sack apronthe white hairs glistened.
His red face shone and was almost asleep with sunshine. The horses
handsome and brownwent on by themselveslooking by far the masters
of the show.


Paul wished he were stupid. "I wish he thought to himself,
I was fat like himand like a dog in the sun. I wish I was a pig



and a brewer's waggoner."

Thenthe room being at last emptyhe would hastily copy
an advertisement on a scrap of paperthen anotherand slip
out in immense relief. His mother would scan over his copies.

Yes,she saidyou may try.

William had written out a letter of applicationcouched in
admirable business languagewhich Paul copiedwith variations.
The boy's handwriting was execrableso that Williamwho did all
things wellgot into a fever of impatience.

The elder brother was becoming quite swanky. In London he found
that he could associate with men far above his Bestwood friends
in station. Some of the clerks in the office had studied for the law
and were more or less going through a kind of apprenticeship.
William always made friends among men wherever he wenthe was so jolly.
Therefore he was soon visiting and staying in houses of men who
in Bestwoodwould have looked down on the unapproachable bank manager
and would merely have called indifferently on the Rector. So he began
to fancy himself as a great gun. He wasindeedrather surprised
at the ease with which he became a gentleman.

His mother was gladhe seemed so pleased. And his lodging
in Walthamstow was so dreary. But now there seemed to come a kind
of fever into the young man's letters. He was unsettled by all
the changehe did not stand firm on his own feetbut seemed to spin
rather giddily on the quick current of the new life. His mother was
anxious for him. She could feel him losing himself. He had danced
and gone to the theatreboated on the riverbeen out with friends;
and she knew he sat up afterwards in his cold bedroom grinding away
at Latinbecause he intended to get on in his officeand in the
law as much as he could. He never sent his mother any money now.
It was all takenthe little he hadfor his own life. And she
did not want anyexcept sometimeswhen she was in a tight corner
and when ten shillings would have saved her much worry. She still
dreamed of Williamand of what he would dowith herself behind him.
Never for a minute would she admit to herself how heavy and anxious
her heart was because of him.

Also he talked a good deal now of a girl he had met at a dance
a handsome brunettequite youngand a ladyafter whom the men
were running thick and fast.

I wonder if you would run, my boy,his mother wrote
to himunless you saw all the other men chasing her too.
You feel safe enough and vain enough in a crowd. But take care,
and see how you feel when you find yourself alone, and in triumph.
William resented these thingsand continued the chase. He had
taken the girl on the river. "If you saw hermotheryou would
know how I feel. Tall and elegantwith the clearest of clear
transparent olive complexionshair as black as jetand such
grey eyes--brightmockinglike lights on water at night.
It is all very well to be a bit satirical till you see her.
And she dresses as well as any woman in London. I tell you
your son doesn't half put his head up when she goes walking down
Piccadilly with him."

Mrs. Morel wonderedin her heartif her son did not go
walking down Piccadilly with an elegant figure and fine clothes
rather than with a woman who was near to him. But she congratulated
him in her doubtful fashion. Andas she stood over the washing-tub
the mother brooded over her son. She saw him saddled with an


elegant and expensive wifeearning little moneydragging along
and getting draggled in some smallugly house in a suburb.
But there,she told herselfI am very likely a silly--meeting
trouble halfway.Neverthelessthe load of anxiety scarcely ever
left her heartlest William should do the wrong thing by himself.


PresentlyPaul was bidden call upon Thomas Jordan
Manufacturer of Surgical Appliancesat 21Spaniel RowNottingham.
Mrs. Morel was all joy.


There, you see!she criedher eyes shining. "You've only
written four lettersand the third is answered. You're lucky
my boyas I always said you were."


Paul looked at the picture of a wooden legadorned with elastic
stockings and other appliancesthat figured on Mr. Jordan's notepaper
and he felt alarmed. He had not known that elastic stockings existed.
And he seemed to feel the business worldwith its regulated system
of valuesand its impersonalityand he dreaded it. It seemed
monstrous also that a business could be run on wooden legs.


Mother and son set off together one Tuesday morning.
It was August and blazing hot. Paul walked with something screwed up
tight inside him. He would have suffered much physical pain rather
than this unreasonable suffering at being exposed to strangers
to be accepted or rejected. Yet he chattered away with his mother.
He would never have confessed to her how he suffered over these things
and she only partly guessed. She was gaylike a sweetheart.
She stood in front of the ticket-office at Bestwoodand Paul watched
her take from her purse the money for the tickets.
As he saw her hands in their old black kid gloves getting
the silver out of the worn pursehis heart contracted with pain
of love of her.


She was quite excitedand quite gay. He suffered because she
WOULD talk aloud in presence of the other travellers.


Now look at that silly cow!she saidcareering round
as if it thought it was a circus.


It's most likely a bottfly,he said very low.


A what?she asked brightly and unashamed.


They thought a while. He was sensible all the time of having
her opposite him. Suddenly their eyes metand she smiled to
him--a rareintimate smilebeautiful with brightness and love.
Then each looked out of the window.


The sixteen slow miles of railway journey passed. The mother
and son walked down Station Streetfeeling the excitement of lovers
having an adventure together. In Carrington Street they stopped
to hang over the parapet and look at the barges on the canal below.


It's just like Venice,he saidseeing the sunshine
on the water that lay between high factory walls.


Perhaps,she answeredsmiling.


They enjoyed the shops immensely.


Now you see that blouse,she would saywouldn't that just
suit our Annie? And for one-and-eleven-three. Isn't that cheap?



And made of needlework as well,he said.

Yes.

They had plenty of timeso they did not hurry. The town
was strange and delightful to them. But the boy was tied up inside
in a knot of apprehension. He dreaded the interview with Thomas Jordan.

It was nearly eleven o'clock by St. Peter's Church.
They turned up a narrow street that led to the Castle. It was
gloomy and old-fashionedhaving low dark shops and dark green house
doors with brass knockersand yellow-ochred doorsteps projecting
on to the pavement; then another old shop whose small window looked
like a cunninghalf-shut eye. Mother and son went cautiously
looking everywhere for "Thomas Jordan and Son". It was like hunting
in some wild place. They were on tiptoe of excitement.

Suddenly they spied a bigdark archwayin which were names
of various firmsThomas Jordan among them.

Here it is!said Mrs. Morel. "But now WHERE is it?"

They looked round. On one side was a queerdarkcardboard factory
on the other a Commercial Hotel.

It's up the entry,said Paul.

And they ventured under the archwayas into the jaws
of the dragon. They emerged into a wide yardlike a well
with buildings all round. It was littered with straw and boxes
and cardboard. The sunshine actually caught one crate whose straw
was streaming on to the yard like gold. But elsewhere the place
was like a pit. There were several doorsand two flights of steps.
Straight in fronton a dirty glass door at the top of a staircase
loomed the ominous words "Thomas Jordan and Son--Surgical Appliances."
Mrs. Morel went firsther son followed her. Charles I mounted his
scaffold with a lighter heart than had Paul Morel as he followed his
mother up the dirty steps to the dirty door.

She pushed open the doorand stood in pleased surprise. In front
of her was a big warehousewith creamy paper parcels everywhere
and clerkswith their shirt-sleeves rolled backwere going about
in an at-home sort of way. The light was subduedthe glossy cream
parcels seemed luminousthe counters were of dark brown wood.
All was quiet and very homely. Mrs. Morel took two steps forward
then waited. Paul stood behind her. She had on her Sunday
bonnet and a black veil; he wore a boy's broad white collar and a
Norfolk suit.

One of the clerks looked up. He was thin and tallwith a
small face. His way of looking was alert. Then he glanced round
to the other end of the roomwhere was a glass office. And then
he came forward. He did not say anythingbut leaned in a gentle
inquiring fashion towards Mrs. Morel.

Can I see Mr. Jordan?she asked.

I'll fetch him,answered the young man.

He went down to the glass office. A red-facedwhite-whiskered
old man looked up. He reminded Paul of a pomeranian dog.
Then the same little man came up the room. He had short legs
was rather stoutand wore an alpaca jacket. Sowith one ear up
as it werehe came stoutly and inquiringly down the room.


Good-morning!he saidhesitating before Mrs. Morel
in doubt as to whether she were a customer or not.


Good-morning. I came with my son, Paul Morel. You asked him
to call this morning.


Come this way,said Mr. Jordanin a rather snappy little
manner intended to be businesslike.


They followed the manufacturer into a grubby little room
upholstered in black American leatherglossy with the rubbing of
many customers. On the table was a pile of trussesyellow wash-leather
hoops tangled together. They looked new and living. Paul sniffed the
odour of new wash-leather. He wondered what the things were. By this
time he was so much stunned that he only noticed the outside things.


Sit down!said Mr. Jordanirritably pointing Mrs. Morel
to a horse-hair chair. She sat on the edge in an uncertain fashion.
Then the little old man fidgeted and found a paper.


Did you write this letter?he snappedthrusting what Paul
recognised as his own notepaper in front of him.


Yes,he answered.


At that moment he was occupied in two ways: firstin feeling
guilty for telling a liesince William had composed the letter;
secondin wondering why his letter seemed so strange and different
in the fatred hand of the manfrom what it had been when it lay
on the kitchen table. It was like part of himselfgone astray.
He resented the way the man held it.


Where did you learn to write?said the old man crossly.


Paul merely looked at him shamedlyand did not answer.


He IS a bad writer,put in Mrs. Morel apologetically.
Then she pushed up her veil. Paul hated her for not being prouder
with this common little manand he loved her face clear of the veil.


And you say you know French?inquired the little man
still sharply.


Yes,said Paul.


What school did you go to?


The Board-school.


And did you learn it there?


No--I---The boy went crimson and got no farther.


His godfather gave him lessons,said Mrs. Morelhalf pleading
and rather distant.


Mr. Jordan hesitated. Thenin his irritable manner--he always
seemed to keep his hands ready for action--he pulled another sheet of
paper from his pocketunfolded it. The paper made a crackling noise.
He handed it to Paul.


Read that,he said.



It was a note in Frenchin thinflimsy foreign handwriting
that the boy could not decipher. He stared blankly at the paper.


'Monsieur,'he began; then he looked in great confusion
at Mr. Jordan. "It's the--it's the---"


He wanted to say "handwriting"but his wits would no longer work
even sufficiently to supply him with the word. Feeling an utter fool
and hating Mr. Jordanhe turned desperately to the paper again.


'Sir,--Please send me'--er--er--I can't tell the--er--'two
pairs--gris fil bas--grey thread stockings'--er--er--'sans--without'--
er--I can't tell the words--er--'doigts--fingers'--er--I can't tell the---


He wanted to say "handwriting"but the word still refused
to come. Seeing him stuckMr. Jordan snatched the paper from him.


'Please send by return two pairs grey thread stockings
without TOES.'


Well,flashed Paul'doigts' means 'fingers'--as well--as
a rule---


The little man looked at him. He did not know whether "doigts"
meant "fingers"; he knew that for all HIS purposes it meant "toes".


Fingers to stockings!he snapped.


Well, it DOES mean fingers,the boy persisted.


He hated the little manwho made such a clod of him.
Mr. Jordan looked at the palestupiddefiant boythen at the mother
who sat quiet and with that peculiar shut-off look of the poor
who have to depend on the favour of others.


And when could he come?he asked.


Well,said Mrs. Morelas soon as you wish. He has finished
school now.


He would live in Bestwood?


Yes; but he could be in--at the station--at quarter to eight.


H'm!


It ended by Paul's being engaged as junior spiral clerk at eight
shillings a week. The boy did not open his mouth to say another
wordafter having insisted that "doigts" meant "fingers". He
followed his mother down the stairs. She looked at him with her
bright blue eyes full of love and joy.


I think you'll like it,she said.


'Doigts' does mean 'fingers', mother, and it was the writing.
I couldn't read the writing.


Never mind, my boy. I'm sure he'll be all right, and you
won't see much of him. Wasn't that first young fellow nice?
I'm sure you'll like them.


But wasn't Mr. Jordan common, mother? Does he own it all?


I suppose he was a workman who has got on,she said.



You mustn't mind people so much. They're not being disagreeable
to YOU--it's their way. You always think people are meaning things
for you. But they don't.


It was very sunny. Over the big desolate space of the market-place
the blue sky shimmeredand the granite cobbles of the paving glistened.
Shops down the Long Row were deep in obscurityand the shadow was full
of colour. Just where the horse trams trundled across the market
was a row of fruit stallswith fruit blazing in the sun--apples
and piles of reddish orangessmall green-gage plums and bananas.
There was a warm scent of fruit as mother and son passed.
Gradually his feeling of ignominy and of rage sank.


Where should we go for dinner?asked the mother.


It was felt to be a reckless extravagance. Paul had only
been in an eating-house once or twice in his lifeand then only
to have a cup of tea and a bun. Most of the people of Bestwood
considered that tea and bread-and-butterand perhaps potted beef
was all they could afford to eat in Nottingham. Real cooked dinner
was considered great extravagance. Paul felt rather guilty.


They found a place that looked quite cheap. But when Mrs. Morel
scanned the bill of fareher heart was heavythings were so dear.
So she ordered kidney-pies and potatoes as the cheapest available dish.


We oughtn't to have come here, mother,said Paul.


Never mind,she said. "We won't come again."


She insisted on his having a small currant tartbecause he
liked sweets.


I don't want it, mother,he pleaded.


Yes,she insisted; "you'll have it."


And she looked round for the waitress. But the waitress
was busyand Mrs. Morel did not like to bother her then.
So the mother and son waited for the girl's pleasurewhilst she
flirted among the men.


Brazen hussy!said Mrs. Morel to Paul. "Look now
she's taking that man HIS puddingand he came long after us."


It doesn't matter, mother,said Paul.


Mrs. Morel was angry. But she was too poorand her orders
were too meagreso that she had not the courage to insist on her
rights just then. They waited and waited.


Should we go, mother?he said.


Then Mrs. Morel stood up. The girl was passing near.


Will you bring one currant tart?said Mrs. Morel clearly.


The girl looked round insolently.


Directly,she said.


We have waited quite long enough,said Mrs. Morel.


In a moment the girl came back with the tart. Mrs. Morel



asked coldly for the bill. Paul wanted to sink through the floor.
He marvelled at his mother's hardness. He knew that only years
of battling had taught her to insist even so little on her rights.
She shrank as much as he.

It's the last time I go THERE for anything!she declared
when they were outside the placethankful to be clear.

We'll go,she saidand look at Keep's and Boot's, and one
or two places, shall we?

They had discussions over the picturesand Mrs. Morel
wanted to buy him a little sable brush that be hankered after.
But this indulgence he refused. He stood in front of milliners'
shops and drapers' shops almost boredbut content for her to
be interested. They wandered on.

Now, just look at those black grapes!she said. "They make
your mouth water. I've wanted some of those for yearsbut I s'll
have to wait a bit before I get them."

Then she rejoiced in the floristsstanding in the doorway sniffing.

Oh! oh! Isn't it simply lovely!

Paul sawin the darkness of the shopan elegant young lady
in black peering over the counter curiously.

They're looking at you,he saidtrying to draw his mother away.

But what is it?she exclaimedrefusing to be moved.

Stocks!he answeredsniffing hastily. "Lookthere's
a tubful."

So there is--red and white. But really, I never knew
stocks to smell like it!Andto his great reliefshe moved
out of the doorwaybut only to stand in front of the window.

Paul!she cried to himwho was trying to get out of
sight of the elegant young lady in black--the shop-girl. "Paul!
Just look here!"

He came reluctantly back.

Now, just look at that fuchsia!she exclaimedpointing.

H'm!He made a curiousinterested sound. "You'd think
every second as the flowers was going to fall offthey hang
so big an' heavy."

And such an abundance!she cried.

And the way they drop downwards with their threads and knots!

Yes!she exclaimed. "Lovely!"

I wonder who'll buy it!he said.

I wonder!she answered. "Not us."

It would die in our parlour.

Yes, beastly cold, sunless hole; it kills every bit of a plant


you put in, and the kitchen chokes them to death.


They bought a few thingsand set off towards the station.
Looking up the canalthrough the dark pass of the buildings
they saw the Castle on its bluff of browngreen-bushed rock
in a positive miracle of delicate sunshine.


Won't it be nice for me to come out at dinner-times?said Paul.
I can go all round here and see everything. I s'll love it.


You will,assented his mother.


He had spent a perfect afternoon with his mother. They arrived
home in the mellow eveninghappyand glowingand tired.


In the morning he filled in the form for his season-ticket
and took it to the station. When he got backhis mother was just
beginning to wash the floor. He sat crouched up on the sofa.


He says it'll be here on Saturday,he said.


And how much will it be?


About one pound eleven,he said.


She went on washing her floor in silence.


Is it a lot?he asked.


It's no more than I thought,she answered.


An' I s'll earn eight shillings a week,he said.


She did not answerbut went on with her work. At last she said:


That William promised me, when he went to London, as he'd give
me a pound a month. He has given me ten shillings--twice; and now I
know he hasn't a farthing if I asked him. Not that I want it.
Only just now you'd think he might be able to help with this ticket,
which I'd never expected.


He earns a lot,said Paul.


He earns a hundred and thirty pounds. But they're all alike.
They're large in promises, but it's precious little fulfilment
you get.


He spends over fifty shillings a week on himself,said Paul.


And I keep this house on less than thirty,she replied;
and am supposed to find money for extras. But they don't care
about helping you, once they've gone. He'd rather spend it on
that dressed-up creature.


She should have her own money if she's so grand,said Paul.


She should, but she hasn't. I asked him. And I know he
doesn't buy her a gold bangle for nothing. I wonder whoever bought
ME a gold bangle.


William was succeeding with his "Gipsy"as he called her.
He asked the girl--her name was Louisa Lily Denys Western--for a
photograph to send to his mother. The photo came--a handsome brunette
taken in profilesmirking slightly--andit might bequite naked



for on the photograph not a scrap of clothing was to be seen
only a naked bust.


Yes,wrote Mrs. Morel to her sonthe photograph of
Louie is very striking, and I can see she must be attractive.
But do you think, my boy, it was very good taste of a girl to
give her young man that photo to send to his mother--the first?
Certainly the shoulders are beautiful, as you say. But I hardly
expected to see so much of them at the first view.


Morel found the photograph standing on the chiffonier in
the parlour. He came out with it between his thick thumb and finger.


Who dost reckon this is?he asked of his wife.


It's the girl our William is going with,replied Mrs. Morel.


H'm! 'Er's a bright spark, from th' look on 'er, an'
one as wunna do him owermuch good neither. Who is she?


Her name is Louisa Lily Denys Western.


An' come again to-morrer!exclaimed the miner. "An' is 'er
an actress?"


She is not. She's supposed to be a lady.


I'll bet!he exclaimedstill staring at the photo. "A lady
is she? An' how much does she reckon ter keep up this sort o'
game on?"


On nothing. She lives with an old aunt, whom she hates,
and takes what bit of money's given her.


H'm!said Morellaying down the photograph. "Then he's
a fool to ha' ta'en up wi' such a one as that."


Dear Mater,William replied. "I'm sorry you didn't like
the photograph. It never occurred to me when I sent itthat you
mightn't think it decent. HoweverI told Gyp that it didn't quite
suit your prim and proper notionsso she's going to send you another
that I hope will please you better. She's always being photographed;
in factthe photographers ask her if they may take her for nothing."


Presently the new photograph camewith a little silly note
from the girl. This time the young lady was seen in a black satin
evening bodicecut squarewith little puff sleevesand black
lace hanging down her beautiful arms.


I wonder if she ever wears anything except evening clothes,
said Mrs. Morel sarcastically. "I'm sure I ought to be impressed."


You are disagreeable, mother,said Paul. "I think the first
one with bare shoulders is lovely."


Do you?answered his mother. "WellI don't."


On the Monday morning the boy got up at six to start work.
He had the season-ticketwhich had cost such bitternessin his
waistcoat pocket. He loved it with its bars of yellow across.
His mother packed his dinner in a smallshut-up basketand he set
off at a quarter to seven to catch the 7.15 train. Mrs. Morel came
to the entry-end to see him off.



It was a perfect morning. From the ash tree the slender
green fruits that the children call "pigeons" were twinkling gaily
down on a little breezeinto the front gardens of the houses.
The valley was full of a lustrous dark hazethrough which the ripe
corn shimmeredand in which the steam from Minton pit melted swiftly.
Puffs of wind came. Paul looked over the high woods of Aldersley
where the country gleamedand home had never pulled at him
so powerfully.


Good-morning, mother,he saidsmilingbut feeling very unhappy.


Good-morning,she replied cheerfully and tenderly.


She stood in her white apron on the open roadwatching him
as he crossed the field. He had a smallcompact body that looked
full of life. She feltas she saw him trudging over the field
that where he determined to go he would get. She thought of William.
He would have leaped the fence instead of going round the stile.
He was away in Londondoing well. Paul would be working in Nottingham.
Now she had two sons in the world. She could think of two places
great centres of industryand feel that she had put a man into each
of themthat these men would work out what SHE wanted; they were
derived from herthey were of herand their works also would be hers.
All the morning long she thought of Paul.


At eight o'clock he climbed the dismal stairs of Jordan's
Surgical Appliance Factoryand stood helplessly against the first
great parcel-rackwaiting for somebody to pick him up. The place
was still not awake. Over the counters were great dust sheets.
Two men only had arrivedand were heard talking in a corner
as they took off their coats and rolled up their shirt-sleeves. It
was ten past eight. Evidently there was no rush of punctuality.
Paul listened to the voices of the two clerks. Then he heard
someone coughand saw in the office at the end of the room an old
decaying clerkin a round smoking-cap of black velvet embroidered
with red and greenopening letters. He waited and waited.
One of the junior clerks went to the old mangreeted him
cheerily and loudly. Evidently the old "chief" was deaf.
Then the young fellow came striding importantly down to his counter.
He spied Paul.


Hello!he said. "You the new lad?"


Yes,said Paul.


H'm! What's your name?


Paul Morel.


Paul Morel? All right, you come on round here.


Paul followed him round the rectangle of counters. The room
was second storey. It had a great hole in the middle of the floor
fenced as with a wall of countersand down this wide shaft
the lifts wentand the light for the bottom storey. Also there
was a corresponding bigoblong hole in the ceilingand one
could see aboveover the fence of the top floorsome machinery;
and right away overhead was the glass roofand all light for the
three storeys came downwardsgetting dimmerso that it was always
night on the ground floor and rather gloomy on the second floor.
The factory was the top floorthe warehouse the secondthe storehouse
the ground floor. It was an insanitaryancient place.


Paul was led round to a very dark corner.



This is the 'Spiral' corner,said the clerk. "You're Spiral
with Pappleworth. He's your bossbut he's not come yet. He doesn't
get here till half-past eight. So you can fetch the letters
if you likefrom Mr. Melling down there."


The young man pointed to the old clerk in the office.


All right,said Paul.


Here's a peg to hang your cap on. Here are your entry ledgers.
Mr. Pappleworth won't be long.


And the thin young man stalked away with longbusy strides
over the hollow wooden floor.


After a minute or two Paul went down and stood in the door
of the glass office. The old clerk in the smoking-cap looked
down over the rim of his spectacles.


Good-morning,he saidkindly and impressively. "You want
the letters for the Spiral departmentThomas?"


Paul resented being called "Thomas". But he took the letters
and returned to his dark placewhere the counter made an angle
where the great parcel-rack came to an endand where there
were three doors in the corner. He sat on a high stool and read
the letters--those whose handwriting was not too difficult.
They ran as follows:


Will you please send me at once a pair of lady's silk spiral
thigh-hose, without feet, such as I had from you last year;
length, thigh to knee, etc.OrMajor Chamberlain wishes
to repeat his previous order for a silk non-elastic suspensory bandage.


Many of these letterssome of them in French or Norwegian
were a great puzzle to the boy. He sat on his stool nervously awaiting
the arrival of his "boss". He suffered tortures of shyness when
at half-past eightthe factory girls for upstairs trooped past him.


Mr. Pappleworth arrivedchewing a chlorodyne gumat about
twenty to ninewhen all the other men were at work. He was a thin
sallow man with a red nosequickstaccatoand smartly but
stiffly dressed. He was about thirty-six years old. There was
something rather "doggy"rather smartrather 'cute and shrewd
and something warmand something slightly contemptible about him.


You my new lad?he said.


Paul stood up and said he was.


Fetched the letters?


Mr. Pappleworth gave a chew to his gum.


Yes.


Copied 'em?


No.


Well, come on then, let's look slippy. Changed your coat?


No.



You want to bring an old coat and leave it here.He pronounced
the last words with the chlorodyne gum between his side teeth.
He vanished into the darkness behind the great parcel-rack
reappeared coatlessturning up a smart striped shirt-cuff over
a thin and hairy arm. Then he slipped into his coat. Paul noticed
how thin he wasand that his trousers were in folds behind.
He seized a stooldragged it beside the boy'sand sat down.


Sit down,he said.


Paul took a seat.


Mr. Pappleworth was very close to him. The man seized
the letterssnatched a long entry-book out of a rack in front
of himflung it openseized a penand said:


Now look here. You want to copy these letters in here.
He sniffed twicegave a quick chew at his gumstared fixedly at
a letterthen went very still and absorbedand wrote the entry rapidly
in a beautiful flourishing hand. He glanced quickly at Paul.


See that?


Yes.


Think you can do it all right?


Yes.


All right then, let's see you.


He sprang off his stool. Paul took a pen. Mr. Pappleworth
disappeared. Paul rather liked copying the lettersbut he wrote slowly
laboriouslyand exceedingly badly. He was doing the fourth letter
and feeling quite busy and happywhen Mr. Pappleworth reappeared.


Now then, how'r' yer getting on? Done 'em?


He leaned over the boy's shoulderchewingand smelling
of chlorodyne.


Strike my bob, lad, but you're a beautiful writer!
he exclaimed satirically. "Ne'er mindhow many h'yer done?
Only three! I'd 'a eaten 'em. Get onmy ladan' put numbers
on 'em. Herelook! Get on!"


Paul ground away at the letterswhilst Mr. Pappleworth fussed
over various jobs. Suddenly the boy started as a shrill whistle
sounded near his ear. Mr. Pappleworth cametook a plug out of a pipe
and saidin an amazingly cross and bossy voice:


Yes?


Paul heard a faint voicelike a woman'sout of the mouth of
the tube. He gazed in wondernever having seen a speaking-tube before.


Well,said Mr. Pappleworth disagreeably into the tube
you'd better get some of your back work done, then.


Again the woman's tiny voice was heardsounding pretty and cross.


I've not time to stand here while you talk,said Mr. Pappleworth
and he pushed the plug into the tube.



Come, my lad,he said imploringly to Paulthere's Polly
crying out for them orders. Can't you buck up a bit? Here, come out!


He took the bookto Paul's immense chagrinand began
the copying himself. He worked quickly and well. This done
he seized some strips of long yellow paperabout three inches wide
and made out the day's orders for the work-girls.


You'd better watch me,he said to Paulworking all the
while rapidly. Paul watched the weird little drawings of legs
and thighsand ankleswith the strokes across and the numbers
and the few brief directions which his chief made upon the yellow paper.
Then Mr. Pappleworth finished and jumped up.


Come on with me,he saidand the yellow papers flying
in his handshe dashed through a door and down some stairs
into the basement where the gas was burning. They crossed the cold
damp storeroomthen a longdreary room with a long table on trestles
into a smallercosy apartmentnot very highwhich had been
built on to the main building. In this room a small woman with
a red serge blouseand her black hair done on top of her head
was waiting like a proud little bantam.


Here y'are!said Pappleworth.


I think it is 'here you are'!exclaimed Polly. "The girls
have been here nearly half an hour waiting. Just think of the
time wasted!"


YOU think of getting your work done and not talking so much,
said Mr. Pappleworth. "You could ha' been finishing off."


You know quite well we finished everything off on Saturday!
cried Ponyflying at himher dark eyes flashing.


Tu-tu-tu-tu-terterter!he mocked. "Here's your new lad.
Don't ruin him as you did the last."


As we did the last!repeated Polly. "YesWE do a lot
of ruiningwe do. My worda lad would TAKE some ruining after
he'd been with you."


It's time for work now, not for talk,said Mr. Pappleworth
severely and coldly.


It was time for work some time back,said Pollymarching away
with her head in the air. She was an erect little body of forty.


In that room were two round spiral machines on the bench under
the window. Through the inner doorway was another longer room
with six more machines. A little group of girlsnicely dressed
in white apronsstood talking together.


Have you nothing else to do but talk?said Mr. Pappleworth.


Only wait for you,said one handsome girllaughing.


Well, get on, get on,he said. "Come onmy lad.
You'll know your road down here again."


And Paul ran upstairs after his chief. He was given some
checking and invoicing to do. He stood at the desklabouring in his
execrable handwriting. Presently Mr. Jordan came strutting down from



the glass office and stood behind himto the boy's great discomfort.
Suddenly a red and fat finger was thrust on the form he was filling in.


MR. J. A. Bates, Esquire!exclaimed the cross voice just
behind his ear.


Paul looked at "Mr. J. A. BatesEsquire" in his own vile writing
and wondered what was the matter now.


Didn't they teach you any better THAN that while they were at it?
If you put 'Mr.' you don't put Esquire'-a man can't be both at once.


The boy regretted his too-much generosity in disposing
of honourshesitatedand with trembling fingersscratched out
the "Mr." Then all at once Mr. Jordan snatched away the invoice.


Make another! Are you going to send that to a gentleman?
And he tore up the blue form irritably.


Paulhis ears red with shamebegan again.
Still Mr. Jordan watched.


I don't know what they DO teach in schools. You'll have
to write better than that. Lads learn nothing nowadays, but how
to recite poetry and play the fiddle. Have you seen his writing?
he asked of Mr. Pappleworth.


Yes; prime, isn't it?replied Mr. Pappleworth indifferently.


Mr. Jordan gave a little gruntnot unamiable. Paul divined
that his master's bark was worse than his bite. Indeedthe little
manufactureralthough he spoke bad Englishwas quite gentleman
enough to leave his men alone and to take no notice of trifles.
But he knew he did not look like the boss and owner of the show
so he had to play his role of proprietor at firstto put things
on a right footing.


Let's see, WHAT'S your name?asked Mr. Pappleworth of the boy.


Paul Morel.


It is curious that children suffer so much at having
to pronounce their own names.


Paul Morel, is it? All right, you Paul-Morel through them
things there, and then---


Mr. Pappleworth subsided on to a stooland began writing.
A girl came up from out of a door just behindput some
newly-pressed elastic web appliances on the counterand returned.
Mr. Pappleworth picked up the whitey-blue knee-bandexamined it
and its yellow order-paper quicklyand put it on one side.
Next was a flesh-pink "leg". He went through the few things
wrote out a couple of ordersand called to Paul to accompany him.
This time they went through the door whence the girl had emerged.
There Paul found himself at the top of a little wooden flight of steps
and below him saw a room with windows round two sidesand at the
farther end half a dozen girls sitting bending over the benches in
the light from the windowsewing. They were singing together "Two
Little Girls in Blue". Hearing the door openedthey all turned round
to see Mr. Pappleworth and Paul looking down on them from the far
end of the room. They stopped singing.


Can't you make a bit less row?said Mr. Pappleworth.



Folk'll think we keep cats.


A hunchback woman on a high stool turned her longrather heavy
face towards Mr. Pappleworthand saidin a contralto voice:


They're all tom-cats then.


In vain Mr. Pappleworth tried to be impressive for Paul's benefit.
He descended the steps into the finishing-off room
and went to the hunchback Fanny. She had such
a short body on her high stool that her headwith its
great bands of bright brown hairseemed over largeas did her pale
heavy face. She wore a dress of green-black cashmereand her wrists
coming out of the narrow cuffswere thin and flatas she put
down her work nervously. He showed her something that was wrong
with a knee-cap.


Well,she saidyou needn't come blaming it on to me.
It's not my fault.Her colour mounted to her cheek.


I never said it WAS your fault. Will you do as I tell you?
replied Mr. Pappleworth shortly.


You don't say it's my fault, but you'd like to make out as it was,
the hunchback woman criedalmost in tears. Then she snatched
the knee-cap from her "boss"saying: "YesI'll do it for you
but you needn't be snappy."


Here's your new lad,said Mr. Pappleworth.


Fanny turnedsmiling very gently on Paul.


Oh!she said.


Yes; don't make a softy of him between you.


It's not us as 'ud make a softy of him,she said indignantly.


Come on then, Paul,said Mr. Pappleworth.


Au revoy, Paul,said one of the girls.


There was a titter of laughter. Paul went outblushing deeply
not having spoken a word.


The day was very long. All morning the work-people were coming
to speak to Mr. Pappleworth. Paul was writing or learning to make
up parcelsready for the midday post. At one o'clockorrather
at a quarter to oneMr. Pappleworth disappeared to catch his train:
he lived in the suburbs. At one o'clockPaulfeeling very lost
took his dinner-basket down into the stockroom in the basement
that had the long table on trestlesand ate his meal hurriedly
alone in that cellar of gloom and desolation. Then he went out of doors.
The brightness and the freedom of the streets made him feel adventurous
and happy. But at two o'clock he was back in the corner of the
big room. Soon the work-girls went trooping pastmaking remarks.
It was the commoner girls who worked upstairs at the heavy tasks
of truss-making and the finishing of artificial limbs. He waited
for Mr. Pappleworthnot knowing what to dositting scribbling
on the yellow order-paper. Mr. Pappleworth came at twenty minutes
to three. Then he sat and gossiped with Paultreating the boy
entirely as an equaleven in age.


In the afternoon there was never very much to dounless it



were near the week-endand the accounts had to be made up.
At five o'clock all the men went down into the dungeon with the
table on trestlesand there they had teaeating bread-and-butter
on the baredirty boardstalking with the same kind of ugly
haste and slovenliness with which they ate their meal. And yet
upstairs the atmosphere among them was always jolly and clear.
The cellar and the trestles affected them.


After teawhen all the gases were lightedWORK went more briskly.
There was the big evening post to get off. The hose came up warm
and newly pressed from the workrooms. Paul had made out the invoices.
Now he had the packing up and addressing to dothen he had
to weigh his stock of parcels on the scales. Everywhere voices
were calling weightsthere was the chink of metalthe rapid
snapping of stringthe hurrying to old Mr. Melling for stamps.
And at last the postman came with his sacklaughing and jolly.
Then everything slacked offand Paul took his dinner-basket
and ran to the station to catch the eight-twenty train. The day
in the factory was just twelve hours long.


His mother sat waiting for him rather anxiously. He had to
walk from Kestonso was not home until about twenty past nine.
And he left the house before seven in the morning. Mrs. Morel
was rather anxious about his health. But she herself had had to put up
with so much that she expected her children to take the same odds.
They must go through with what came. And Paul stayed at Jordan's
although all the time he was there his health suffered from the
darkness and lack of air and the long hours.


He came in pale and tired. His mother looked at him.
She saw he was rather pleasedand her anxiety all went.


Well, and how was it?she asked.


Ever so funny, mother,he replied. "You don't have to work
a bit hardand they're nice with you."


And did you get on all right?


Yes: they only say my writing's bad. But Mr. Pappleworth--
he's my man--said to Mr. Jordan I should be all right.
I'm Spiral, mother; you must come and see. It's ever so nice.


Soon he liked Jordan's. Mr. Pappleworthwho had a certain
saloon barflavour about himwas always naturaland treated
him as if he had been a comrade. Sometimes the "Spiral boss"
was irritableand chewed more lozenges than ever. Even then
howeverhe was not offensivebut one of those people who hurt
themselves by their own irritability more than they hurt other people.


Haven't you done that YET?he would cry. "Go onbe a month
of Sundays."


Againand Paul could understand him least thenhe was jocular
and in high spirits.


I'm going to bring my little Yorkshire terrier bitch tomorrow,
he said jubilantly to Paul.


What's a Yorkshire terrier?


DON'T know what a Yorkshire terrier is? DON'T KNOW A YORKSHIRE---
Mr. Pappleworth was aghast.



Is it a little silky one--colours of iron and rusty silver?


THAT'S it, my lad. She's a gem. She's had five pounds'
worth of pups already, and she's worth over seven pounds herself;
and she doesn't weigh twenty ounces.


The next day the bitch came. She was a shiveringmiserable morsel.
Paul did not care for her; she seemed so like a wet rag that would
never dry. Then a man called for herand began to make coarse jokes.
But Mr. Pappleworth nodded his head in the direction of the boy
and the talk went on sotto voce.


Mr. Jordan only made one more excursion to watch Paul
and then the only fault he found was seeing the boy lay his pen
on the counter.


Put your pen in your ear, if you're going to be a clerk.
Pen in your ear!And one day he said to the lad: "Why don't you
hold your shoulders straighter? Come down here when he took him
into the glass office and fitted him with special braces for keeping
the shoulders square.


But Paul liked the girls best. The men seemed common and
rather dull. He liked them all, but they were uninteresting. Polly,
the little brisk overseer downstairs, finding Paul eating in the cellar,
asked him if she could cook him anything on her little stove.
Next day his mother gave him a dish that could be heated up.
He took it into the pleasant, clean room to Polly. And very soon it
grew to be an established custom that he should have dinner with her.
When he came in at eight in the morning he took his basket to her,
and when he came down at one o'clock she had his dinner ready.


He was not very tall, and pale, with thick chestnut hair,
irregular features, and a wide, full mouth. She was like a small bird.
He often called her a robinet". Though naturally rather quiet
he would sit and chatter with her for hours telling her about his home.
The girls all liked to hear him talk. They often gathered in a little
circle while he sat on a benchand held forth to themlaughing.
Some of them regarded him as a curious little creatureso serious
yet so bright and jollyand always so delicate in his way with them.
They all liked himand he adored them. Polly he felt he belonged to.
Then Conniewith her mane of red hairher face of apple-blossom
her murmuring voicesuch a lady in her shabby black frock
appealed to his romantic side.


When you sit winding,he saidit looks as if you were
spinning at a spinning-wheel--it looks ever so nice. You remind
me of Elaine in the 'Idylls of the King'. I'd draw you if I could.


And she glanced at him blushing shyly. And later on he had
a sketch he prized very much: Connie sitting on the stool before
the wheelher flowing mane of red hair on her rusty black frock
her red mouth shut and seriousrunning the scarlet thread off
the hank on to the reel.


With Louiehandsome and brazenwho always seemed to thrust
her hip at himhe usually joked.


Emma was rather plainrather oldand condescending.
But to condescend to him made her happyand he did not mind.


How do you put needles in?he asked.


Go away and don't bother.



But I ought to know how to put needles in.

She ground at her machine all the while steadily.

There are many things you ought to know,she replied.

Tell me, then, how to stick needles in the machine.

Oh, the boy, what a nuisance he is! Why, THIS is how you
do it.


He watched her attentively. Suddenly a whistle piped.
Then Polly appearedand said in a clear voice:


Mr. Pappleworth wants to know how much longer you're going
to be down here playing with the girls, Paul.


Paul flew upstairscalling "Good-bye!" and Emma drew herself up.


It wasn't ME who wanted him to play with the machine,
she said.


As a rulewhen all the girls came back at two o'clockhe
ran upstairs to Fannythe hunchbackin the finishing-off room.
Mr. Pappleworth did not appear till twenty to threeand he often
found his boy sitting beside Fannytalkingor drawingor singing
with the girls.


Oftenafter a minute's hesitationFanny would begin to sing.
She had a fine contralto voice. Everybody joined in the chorus
and it went well. Paul was not at all embarrassedafter a while
sitting in the room with the half a dozen work-girls.


At the end of the song Fanny would say:


I know you've been laughing at me.


Don't be so soft, Fanny!cried one of the girls.


Once there was mention of Connie's red hair.


Fanny's is better, to my fancy,said Emma.


You needn't try to make a fool of me,said Fannyflushing deeply.


No, but she has, Paul; she's got beautiful hair.


It's a treat of a colour,said he. "That coldish colour
like earthand yet shiny. It's like bog-water."


Goodness me!exclaimed one girllaughing.


How I do but get criticised,said Fanny.


But you should see it down, Paul,cried Emma earnestly.
It's simply beautiful. Put it down for him, Fanny, if he wants
something to paint.


Fanny would notand yet she wanted to.


Then I'll take it down myself,said the lad.


Well, you can if you like,said Fanny.



And he carefully took the pins out of the knotand the rush
of hairof uniform dark brownslid over the humped back.


What a lovely lot!he exclaimed.


The girls watched. There was silence. The youth shook
the hair loose from the coil.


It's splendid!he saidsmelling its perfume. "I'll bet
it's worth pounds."


I'll leave it you when I die, Paul,said Fannyhalf joking.


You look just like anybody else, sitting drying their hair,
said one of the girls to the long-legged hunchback.


Poor Fanny was morbidly sensitivealways imagining insults.
Polly was curt and businesslike. The two departments were for ever
at warand Paul was always finding Fanny in tears. Then he was
made the recipient of all her woesand he had to plead her case
with Polly.


So the time went along happily enough. The factory had a
homely feel. No one was rushed or driven. Paul always enjoyed
it when the work got fastertowards post-timeand all the men
united in labour. He liked to watch his fellow-clerks at work.
The man was the work and the work was the manone thingfor the
time being. It was different with the girls. The real woman
never seemed to be there at the taskbut as if left outwaiting.


From the train going home at night he used to watch the lights
of the townsprinkled thick on the hillsfusing together in a blaze
in the valleys. He felt rich in life and happy. Drawing farther off
there was a patch of lights at Bulwell like myriad petals shaken
to the ground from the shed stars; and beyond was the red glare
of the furnacesplaying like hot breath on the clouds.


He had to walk two and more miles from Keston home
up two long hillsdown two short hills. He was often tired
and he counted the lamps climbing the hill above himhow many more
to pass. And from the hilltopon pitch-dark nightshe looked
round on the villages five or six miles awaythat shone like swarms
of glittering living thingsalmost a heaven against his feet.
Marlpool and Heanor scattered the far-off darkness with brilliance.
And occasionally the black valley space between was traced
violated by a great train rushing south to London or north to Scotland.
The trains roared by like projectiles level on the darkness
fuming and burningmaking the valley clang with their passage.
They were goneand the lights of the towns and villages glittered
in silence.


And then he came to the corner at homewhich faced the
other side of the night. The ash-tree seemed a friend now.
His mother rose with gladness as he entered. He put his eight
shillings proudly on the table.


It'll help, mother?he asked wistfully.


There's precious little left,she answeredafter your
ticket and dinners and such are taken off.


Then he told her the budget of the day. His life-story
like an Arabian Nightswas told night after night to his mother.



It was almost as if it were her own life.

CHAPTER VI

DEATH IN THE FAMILY

ARTHUR MOREL was growing up. He was a quickcarelessimpulsive boy
a good deal like his father. He hated studymade a great moan if he
had to workand escaped as soon as possible to his sport again.


In appearance he remained the flower of the family
being well madegracefuland full of life. His dark brown hair
and fresh colouringand his exquisite dark blue eyes shaded with
long lashestogether with his generous manner and fiery temper
made him a favourite. But as he grew older his temper became uncertain.
He flew into rages over nothingseemed unbearably raw and irritable.


His motherwhom he lovedwearied of him sometimes.
He thought only of himself. When he wanted amusementall that
stood in his way he hatedeven if it were she.
When he was in trouble he moaned to her ceaselessly.


Goodness, boy!she saidwhen he groaned about a master who
he saidhated himif you don't like it, alter it, and if you
can't alter it, put up with it.


And his fatherwhom he had loved and who had worshipped him
he came to detest. As he grew older Morel fell into a slow ruin.
His bodywhich had been beautiful in movement and in being
shrankdid not seem to ripen with the yearsbut to get mean
and rather despicable. There came over him a look of meanness
and of paltriness. And when the mean-looking elderly man bullied or
ordered the boy aboutArthur was furious. MoreoverMorel's manners
got worse and worsehis habits somewhat disgusting. When the
children were growing up and in the crucial stage of adolescence
the father was like some ugly irritant to their souls. His manners
in the house were the same as he used among the colliers down pit.


Dirty nuisance!Arthur would cryjumping up and going
straight out of the house when his father disgusted him.
And Morel persisted the more because his children hated it.
He seemed to take a kind of satisfaction in disgusting them
and driving them nearly madwhile they were so irritably sensitive
at the age of fourteen or fifteen. So that Arthurwho was growing
up when his father was degenerate and elderlyhated him worst
of all.


Thensometimesthe father would seem to feel the contemptuous
hatred of his children.


There's not a man tries harder for his family!he would shout.
He does his best for them, and then gets treated like a dog.
But I'm not going to stand it, I tell you!


But for the threat and the fact that he did not try so hard
as be imaginedthey would have felt sorry. As it wasthe battle
now went on nearly all between father and childrenhe persisting
in his dirty and disgusting waysjust to assert his independence.
They loathed him.


Arthur was so inflamed and irritable at lastthat when he
won a scholarship for the Grammar School in Nottinghamhis mother



decided to let him live in townwith one of her sistersand only
come home at week-ends.


Annie was still a junior teacher in the Board-schoolearning
about four shillings a week. But soon she would have fifteen shillings
since she had passed her examinationand there would be financial
peace in the house.


Mrs. Morel clung now to Paul. He was quiet and not brilliant.
But still he stuck to his paintingand still he stuck to his mother.
Everything he did was for her. She waited for his coming home
in the eveningand then she unburdened herself of all she
had ponderedor of all that had occurred to her during the day.
He sat and listened with his earnestness. The two shared lives.


William was engaged now to his brunetteand had bought her
an engagement ring that cost eight guineas. The children gasped
at such a fabulous price.


Eight guineas!said Morel. "More fool him! If he'd gen me
some on'tit 'ud ha' looked better on 'im."


Given YOU some of it!cried Mrs. Morel. "Why give YOU
some of it!"


She remembered HE had bought no engagement ring at all
and she preferred Williamwho was not meanif he were foolish.
But now the young man talked only of the dances to which he went
with his betrothedand the different resplendent clothes she wore;
or he told his mother with glee how they went to the theatre like
great swells.


He wanted to bring the girl home. Mrs. Morel said she
should come at the Christmas. This time William arrived with
a ladybut with no presents. Mrs. Morel had prepared supper.
Hearing footstepsshe rose and went to the door. William entered.


Hello, mother!He kissed her hastilythen stood aside
to present a tallhandsome girlwho was wearing a costume of fine
black-and-white checkand furs.


Here's Gyp!


Miss Western held out her hand and showed her teeth in a small smile.


Oh, how do you do, Mrs. Morel!she exclaimed.


I am afraid you will be hungry,said Mrs. Morel.


Oh no, we had dinner in the train. Have you got my gloves, Chubby?


William Morelbig and raw-bonedlooked at her quickly.


How should I?he said.


Then I've lost them. Don't be cross with me.


A frown went over his facebut he said nothing. She glanced
round the kitchen. It was small and curious to herwith its
glittering kissing-bunchits evergreens behind the pictures
its wooden chairs and little deal table. At that moment Morel
came in.


Hello, dad!



Hello, my son! Tha's let on me!


The two shook handsand William presented the lady.
She gave the same smile that showed her teeth.
How do you do, Mr. Morel?


Morel bowed obsequiously.


I'm very well, and I hope so are you. You must make yourself
very welcome.

Oh, thank you,she repliedrather amused.
You will like to go upstairs,said Mrs. Morel.

If you don't mind; but not if it is any trouble to you.

It is no trouble. Annie will take you. Walter, carry up
this box.


And don't be an hour dressing yourself up,said William
to his betrothed.


Annie took a brass candlestickandtoo shy almost to speak
preceded the young lady to the front bedroomwhich Mr. and Mrs. Morel
had vacated for her. Ittoowas small and cold by candlelight.
The colliers' wives only lit fires in bedrooms in case of extreme illness.


Shall I unstrap the box?asked Annie.


Oh, thank you very much!
Annie played the part of maidthen went downstairs for hot water.


I think she's rather tired, mother,said William.
It's a beastly journey, and we had such a rush.

Is there anything I can give her?asked Mrs. Morel.

Oh no, she'll be all right.

But there was a chill in the atmosphere. After half an hour
Miss Western came downhaving put on a purplish-coloured dress
very fine for the collier's kitchen.

I told you you'd no need to change,said William to her.

Oh, Chubby!Then she turned with that sweetish smile
to Mrs. Morel. "Don't you think he's always grumblingMrs. Morel?"

Is he?said Mrs. Morel. "That's not very nice of him."
It isn't, really!


You are cold,said the mother. "Won't you come near the fire?"
Morel jumped out of his armchair.


Come and sit you here!he cried. "Come and sit you here!"
No, dad, keep your own chair. Sit on the sofa, Gyp,said William.



No, no!cried Morel. "This cheer's warmest. Come and sit here
Miss Wesson."


Thank you so much,said the girlseating herself
in the collier's armchairthe place of honour. She shivered
feeling the warmth of the kitchen penetrate her.


Fetch me a hanky, Chubby dear!she saidputting up her mouth
to himand using the same intimate tone as if they were alone;
which made the rest of the family feel as if they ought not to
be present. The young lady evidently did not realise them as people:
they were creatures to her for the present. William winced.


In such a householdin StreathamMiss Western would have been
a lady condescending to her inferiors. These people were to her
certainly clownish--in shortthe working classes. How was she
to adjust herself?


I'll go,said Annie.


Miss Western took no noticeas if a servant had spoken.
But when the girl came downstairs again with the handkerchief
she said: "Ohthank you!" in a gracious way.


She sat and talked about the dinner on the trainwhich had been
so poor; about Londonabout dances. She was really very nervous
and chattered from fear. Morel sat all the time smoking his thick
twist tobaccowatching herand listening to her glib London speech
as he puffed. Mrs. Moreldressed up in her best black silk blouse
answered quietly and rather briefly. The three children sat
round in silence and admiration. Miss Western was the princess.
Everything of the best was got out for her: the best cups
the best spoonsthe best table cloththe best coffee-jug. The
children thought she must find it quite grand. She felt strange
not able to realise the peoplenot knowing how to treat them.
William jokedand was slightly uncomfortable.


At about ten o'clock he said to her:


Aren't you tired, Gyp?


Rather, Chubby,she answeredat once in the intimate tones
and putting her head slightly on one side.


I'll light her the candle, mother,he said.


Very well,replied the mother.


Miss Western stood upheld out her hand to Mrs. Morel.


Good-night, Mrs. Morel,she said.


Paul sat at the boilerletting the water run from the tap
into a stone beer-bottle. Annie swathed the bottle in an old flannel
pit-singletand kissed her mother good-night. She was to share
the room with the ladybecause the house was full.


You wait a minute,said Mrs. Morel to Annie. And Annie sat
nursing the hot-water bottle. Miss Western shook hands all round
to everybody's discomfortand took her departurepreceded by William.
In five minutes he was downstairs again. His heart was rather sore;
he did not know why. He talked very little till everybody had gone
to bedbut himself and his mother. Then he stood with his legs apart
in his old attitude on the hearthrugand said hesitatingly:



Well, mother?
Well, my son?
She sat in the rocking-chairfeeling somehow hurt and humiliated


for his sake.
Do you like her?
Yes,came the slow answer.
She's shy yet, mother. She's not used to it. It's different


from her aunt's house, you know.
Of course it is, my boy; and she must find it difficult.
She does.Then he frowned swiftly. "If only she wouldn't


put on her BLESSED airs!"
It's only her first awkwardness, my boy. She'll be all right.
That's it, mother,he replied gratefully. But his brow


was gloomy. "You knowshe's not like youmother. She's not serious
and she can't think."


She's young, my boy.
Yes; and she's had no sort of show. Her mother died when she was
a child. Since then she's lived with her aunt, whom she can't bear.
And her father was a rake. She's had no love.


No! Well, you must make up to her.
And so--you have to forgive her a lot of things.
WHAT do you have to forgive her, my boy?
I dunno. When she seems shallow, you have to remember she's


never had anybody to bring her deeper side out. And she's FEARFULLY
fond of me.


Anybody can see that.
But you know, mother--she's--she's different from us.
Those sort of people, like those she lives amongst, they don't seem
to have the same principles.


You mustn't judge too hastily,said Mrs. Morel.
But he seemed uneasy within himself.
In the morninghoweverhe was up singing and larking round


the house.
Hello!he calledsitting on the stairs. "Are you getting up?"
Yes,her voice called faintly.
Merry Christmas!he shouted to her.
Her laughpretty and tinklingwas heard in the bedroom.


She did not come down in half an hour.



Was she REALLY getting up when she said she was?he asked
of Annie.

Yes, she was,replied Annie.

He waited a whilethen went to the stairs again.

Happy New Year,he called.

Thank you, Chubby dear!came the laughing voicefar away.

Buck up!he implored.

It was nearly an hourand still he was waiting for her.
Morelwho always rose before sixlooked at the clock.

Well, it's a winder!he exclaimed.

The family had breakfastedall but William. He went
to the foot of the stairs.

Shall I have to send you an Easter egg up there?he called
rather crossly. She only laughed. The family expectedafter that
time of preparationsomething like magic. At last she came
looking very nice in a blouse and skirt.

Have you REALLY been all this time getting ready?he asked.

Chubby dear! That question is not permitted, is it,
Mrs. Morel?

She played the grand lady at first. When she went with William
to chapelhe in his frock-coat and silk hatshe in her furs
and London-made costumePaul and Arthur and Annie expected
everybody to bow to the ground in admiration.
And Morelstanding in his Sunday suit at the end of the road
watching the gallant pair gofelt he was the father of princes
and princesses.

And yet she was not so grand. For a year now she had been
a sort of secretary or clerk in a London office. But while she
was with the Morels she queened it. She sat and let Annie or Paul
wait on her as if they were her servants. She treated Mrs. Morel
with a certain glibness and Morel with patronage. But after a day
or so she began to change her tune.

William always wanted Paul or Annie to go along with them
on their walks. It was so much more interesting. And Paul really
DID admire "Gipsy" wholeheartedly; in facthis mother scarcely
forgave the boy for the adulation with which he treated the girl.

On the second daywhen Lily said: "OhAnniedo you know
where I left my muff?" William replied:

You know it is in your bedroom. Why do you ask Annie?

And Lily went upstairs with a crossshut mouth. But it
angered the young man that she made a servant of his sister.

On the third evening William and Lily were sitting together
in the parlour by the fire in the dark. At a quarter to eleven
Mrs. Morel was heard raking the fire. William came out to the kitchen
followed by his beloved.


Is it as late as that, mother?he said. She had been
sitting alone.


It is not LATE, my boy, but it is as late as I usually sit up.


Won't you go to bed, then?he asked.


And leave you two? No, my boy, I don't believe in it.


Can't you trust us, mother?


Whether I can or not, I won't do it. You can stay till eleven
if you like, and I can read.


Go to bed, Gyp,he said to his girl. "We won't keep
mater waiting."


Annie has left the candle burning, Lily,said Mrs. Morel;
I think you will see.


Yes, thank you. Good-night, Mrs. Morel.


William kissed his sweetheart at the foot of the stairs
and she went. He returned to the kitchen.


Can't you trust us, mother?he repeatedrather offended.


My boy, I tell you I don't BELIEVE in leaving two young
things like you alone downstairs when everyone else is in bed.


And he was forced to take this answer. He kissed his mother
good-night.


At Easter he came over alone. And then he discussed his
sweetheart endlessly with his mother.


You know, mother, when I'm away from her I don't care for her
a bit. I shouldn't care if I never saw her again. But, then,
when I'm with her in the evenings I am awfully fond of her.


It's a queer sort of love to marry on,said Mrs. Morel
if she holds you no more than that!


It IS funny!he exclaimed. It worried and perplexed him.
But yet--there's so much between us now I couldn't give her up.


You know best,said Mrs. Morel. "But if it is as you sayI
wouldn't call it LOVE--at any rateit doesn't look much like it."


Oh, I don't know, mother. She's an orphan, and---


They never came to any sort of conclusion. He seemed puzzled
and rather fretted. She was rather reserved. All his strength
and money went in keeping this girl. He could scarcely afford
to take his mother to Nottingham when he came over.


Paul's wages had been raised at Christmas to ten shillings
to his great joy. He was quite happy at Jordan'sbut his health
suffered from the long hours and the confinement. His mother
to whom he became more and more significantthought how to help.


His half-day holiday was on Monday afternoon. On a Monday
morning in Mayas the two sat alone at breakfastshe said:



I think it will be a fine day.

He looked up in surprise. This meant something.

You know Mr. Leivers has gone to live on a new farm.
Well, he asked me last week if I wouldn't go and see Mrs. Leivers,
and I promised to bring you on Monday if it's fine. Shall we go?


I say, little woman, how lovely!he cried. "And we'll go
this afternoon?"


Paul hurried off to the station jubilant. Down Derby Road
was a cherry-tree that glistened. The old brick wall by the
Statutes ground burned scarletspring was a very flame of green.
And the steep swoop of highroad layin its cool morning dust
splendid with patterns of sunshine and shadowperfectly still.
The trees sloped their great green shoulders proudly; and inside
the warehouse all the morningthe boy had
a vision of spring outside.


When he came home at dinner-time his mother was rather excited.


Are we going?he asked.


When I'm ready,she replied.


Presently he got up.


Go and get dressed while I wash up,he said.


She did so. He washed the potsstraightenedand then took
her boots. They were quite clean. Mrs. Morel was one of those naturally
exquisite people who can walk in mud without dirtying their shoes.
But Paul had to clean them for her. They were kid boots at eight
shillings a pair. Hehoweverthought them the most dainty boots
in the worldand he cleaned them with as much reverence as if they
had been flowers.


Suddenly she appeared in the inner doorway rather shyly.
She had got a new cotton blouse on. Paul jumped up and went forward.


Oh, my stars!he exclaimed. "What a bobby-dazzler!"


She sniffed in a little haughty wayand put her head up.


It's not a bobby-dazzler at all!she replied. "It's very quiet."


She walked forwardwhilst he hovered round her.


Well,she askedquite shybut pretending to be high
and mightydo you like it?


Awfully! You ARE a fine little woman to go jaunting out with!


He went and surveyed her from the back.


Well,he saidif I was walking down the street behind you,
I should say: 'Doesn't THAT little person fancy herself!'


Well, she doesn't,replied Mrs. Morel. "She's not sure it
suits her."


Oh no! she wants to be in dirty black, looking as if she was
wrapped in burnt paper. It DOES suit you, and I say you look nice.



She sniffed in her little waypleasedbut pretending
to know better.


Well,she saidit's cost me just three shillings.
You couldn't have got it ready-made for that price, could you?


I should think you couldn't,he replied.


And, you know, it's good stuff.


Awfully pretty,he said.


The blouse was whitewith a little sprig of heliotrope and black.


Too young for me, though, I'm afraid,she said.


Too young for you!he exclaimed in disgust. "Why don't you
buy some false white hair and stick it on your head."


I s'll soon have no need,she replied. "I'm going white
fast enough."


Well, you've no business to,he said. "What do I want
with a white-haired mother?"


I'm afraid you'll have to put up with one, my lad,she said
rather strangely.


They set off in great styleshe carrying the umbrella William
had given herbecause of the sun. Paul was considerably taller
than shethough he was not big. He fancied himself.


On the fallow land the young wheat shone silkily. Minton pit
waved its plumes of white steamcoughedand rattled hoarsely.


Now look at that!said Mrs. Morel. Mother and son stood on
the road to watch. Along the ridge of the great pit-hill crawled
a little group in silhouette against the skya horsea small truck
and a man. They climbed the incline against the heavens.
At the end the man tipped the wagon. There was an undue rattle
as the waste fell down the sheer slope of the enormous bank.


You sit a minute, mother,he saidand she took a seat on
a bankwhilst he sketched rapidly. She was silent whilst he worked
looking round at the afternoonthe red cottages shining among
their greenness.


The world is a wonderful place,she saidand wonderfully
beautiful.


And so's the pit,he said. "Look how it heaps together
like something alive almost--a big creature that you don't know."


Yes,she said. "Perhaps!"


And all the trucks standing waiting, like a string of beasts
to be fed,he said.


And very thankful I am they ARE standing,she said
for that means they'll turn middling time this week.


But I like the feel of MEN on things, while they're alive.
There's a feel of men about trucks, because they've been handled



with men's hands, all of them.

Yes,said Mrs. Morel.

They went along under the trees of the highroad. He was
constantly informing herbut she was interested. They passed
the end of Nethermerethat was tossing its sunshine like petals lightly
in its lap. Then they turned on a private roadand in some
trepidation approached a big farm. A dog barked furiously.
A woman came out to see.


Is this the way to Willey Farm?Mrs. Morel asked.


Paul hung behind in terror of being sent back. But the woman
was amiableand directed them. The mother and son went through
the wheat and oatsover a little bridge into a wild meadow.
Peewitswith their white breasts glisteningwheeled and screamed
about them. The lake was still and blue. High overhead
a heron floated. Oppositethe wood heaped on the hillgreen and still.


It's a wild road, mother,said Paul. "Just like Canada."


Isn't it beautiful!said Mrs. Morellooking round.


See that heron--see--see her legs?


He directed his motherwhat she must see and what not.
And she was quite content.


But now,she saidwhich way? He told me through the wood.


The woodfenced and darklay on their left.


I can feel a bit of a path this road,said Paul. "You've got
town feetsomehow or otheryou have."


They found a little gateand soon were in a broad green
alley of the woodwith a new thicket of fir and pine on one hand
an old oak glade dipping down on the other. And among the oaks
the bluebells stood in pools of azureunder the new green hazels
upon a pale fawn floor of oak-leaves. He found flowers for her.


Here's a bit of new-mown hay,he said; thenagainhe brought
her forget-me-nots. Andagainhis heart hurt with loveseeing her hand
used with workholding the little bunch of flowers he gave her.
She was perfectly happy.


But at the end of the riding was a fence to climb. Paul was
over in a second.


Come,he saidlet me help you.


No, go away. I will do it in my own way.


He stood below with his hands up ready to help her.
She climbed cautiously.


What a way to climb!he exclaimed scornfullywhen she
was safely to earth again.


Hateful stiles!she cried.


Duffer of a little woman,he repliedwho can't get over 'em.



In frontalong the edge of the woodwas a cluster of low red
farm buildings. The two hastened forward. Flush with the wood
was the apple orchardwhere blossom was falling on the grindstone.
The pond was deep under a hedge and overhanging oak trees.
Some cows stood in the shade. The farm and buildingsthree sides
of a quadrangleembraced the sunshine towards the wood. It was
very still.

Mother and son went into the small railed gardenwhere was
a scent of red gillivers. By the open door were some floury loaves
put out to cool. A hen was just coming to peck them. Thenin the
doorway suddenly appeared a girl in a dirty apron. She was about
fourteen years oldhad a rosy dark facea bunch of short black curls
very fine and freeand dark eyes; shyquestioninga little
resentful of the strangersshe disappeared. In a minute another
figure appeareda smallfrail womanrosywith great dark brown eyes.

Oh!she exclaimedsmiling with a little glowyou've come,
then. I AM glad to see you.Her voice was intimate and rather sad.

The two women shook hands.

Now are you sure we're not a bother to you?said Mrs. Morel.
I know what a farming life is.

Oh no! We're only too thankful to see a new face, it's so
lost up here.

I suppose so,said Mrs. Morel.

They were taken through into the parlour--a longlow room
with a great bunch of guelder-roses in the fireplace. There the
women talkedwhilst Paul went out to survey the land. He was
in the garden smelling the gillivers and looking at the plants
when the girl came out quickly to the heap of coal which stood
by the fence.

I suppose these are cabbage-roses?he said to her
pointing to the bushes along the fence.

She looked at him with startledbig brown eyes.

I suppose they are cabbage-roses when they come out?
he said.

I don't know,she faltered. "They're white with pink middles."

Then they're maiden-blush.

Miriam flushed. She had a beautiful warm colouring.

I don't know,she said.

You don't have MUCH in your garden,he said.

This is our first year here,she answeredin a distant
rather superior waydrawing back and going indoors. He did not notice
but went his round of exploration. Presently his mother came out
and they went through the buildings. Paul was hugely delighted.

And I suppose you have the fowls and calves and pigs
to look after?said Mrs. Morel to Mrs. Leivers.

No,replied the little woman. "I can't find time to look


after cattleand I'm not used to it. It's as much as I can
do to keep going in the house."


Well, I suppose it is,said Mrs. Morel.


Presently the girl came out.


Tea is ready, mother,she said in a musicalquiet voice.


Oh, thank you, Miriam, then we'll come,replied her mother
almost ingratiatingly. "Would you CARE to have tea nowMrs. Morel?"


Of course,said Mrs. Morel. "Whenever it's ready."


Paul and his mother and Mrs. Leivers had tea together.
Then they went out into the wood that was flooded with bluebells
while fumy forget-me-nots were in the paths. The mother and son were
in ecstasy together.


When they got back to the houseMr. Leivers and Edgar
the eldest sonwere in the kitchen. Edgar was about eighteen.
Then Geoffrey and Mauricebig lads of twelve and thirteenwere in
from school. Mr. Leivers was a good-looking man in the prime of life
with a golden-brown moustacheand blue eyes screwed up against
the weather.


The boys were condescendingbut Paul scarcely observed it.
They went round for eggsscrambling into all sorts of places.
As they were feeding the fowls Miriam came out. The boys took no
notice of her. One henwith her yellow chickenswas in a coop.
Maurice took his hand full of corn and let the hen peck from it.


Durst you do it?he asked of Paul.


Let's see,said Paul.


He had a small handwarmand rather capable-looking.
Miriam watched. He held the corn to the hen. The bird eyed it with her
hardbright eyeand suddenly made a peck into his hand. He started
and laughed. "Rapraprap!" went the bird's beak in his palm.
He laughed againand the other boys joined.


She knocks you, and nips you, but she never hurts,said Paul
when the last corn had gone. " NowMiriam said Maurice, you come
an 'ave a go."


No,she criedshrinking back.


Ha! baby. The mardy-kid!said her brothers.


It doesn't hurt a bit,said Paul. "It only just nips
rather nicely."


No,she still criedshaking her black curls and shrinking.


She dursn't,said Geoffrey. "She niver durst do anything
except recite poitry."


Dursn't jump off a gate, dursn't tweedle, dursn't go on a slide,
dursn't stop a girl hittin' her. She can do nowt but go about thinkin'
herself somebody. 'The Lady of the Lake.' Yah!cried Maurice.


Miriam was crimson with shame and misery.



I dare do more than you,she cried. "You're never anything
but cowards and bullies."

Oh, cowards and bullies!they repeated mincingly
mocking her speech.

Not such a clown shall anger me,
A boor is answered silently,


he quoted against hershouting with laughter.


She went indoors. Paul went with the boys into the orchard
where they had rigged up a parallel bar. They did feats of strength.
He was more agile than strongbut it served. He fingered a piece
of apple-blossom that hung low on a swinging bough.


I wouldn't get the apple-blossom,said Edgarthe eldest brother.
There'll be no apples next year.


I wasn't going to get it,replied Paulgoing away.


The boys felt hostile to him; they were more interested in their
own pursuits. He wandered back to the house to look for his mother.
As he went round the backhe saw Miriam kneeling in front of the
hen-coopsome maize in her handbiting her lipand crouching
in an intense attitude. The hen was eyeing her wickedly.
Very gingerly she put forward her hand. The hen bobbed for her.
She drew back quickly with a cryhalf of fearhalf of chagrin.


It won't hurt you,said Paul.


She flushed crimson and started up.


I only wanted to try,she said in a low voice.


See, it doesn't hurt,he saidandputting only two corns
in his palmhe let the hen peckpeckpeck at his bare hand.
It only makes you laugh,he said.


She put her hand forward and dragged it awaytried again
and started back with a cry. He frowned.


Why, I'd let her take corn from my face,said Paul
only she bumps a bit. She's ever so neat. If she wasn't, look
how much ground she'd peck up every day.


He waited grimlyand watched. At last Miriam let the bird
peck from her hand. She gave a little cry--fearand pain because
of fear--rather pathetic. But she had done itand she did it again.


There, you see,said the boy. "It doesn't hurtdoes it?"


She looked at him with dilated dark eyes.


No,she laughedtrembling.


Then she rose and went indoors. She seemed to be in some way
resentful of the boy.


He thinks I'm only a common girl,she thoughtand she wanted
to prove she was a grand person like the "Lady of the Lake".


Paul found his mother ready to go home. She smiled on her son.
He took the great bunch of flowers. Mr. and Mrs. Leivers walked



down the fields with them. The hills were golden with evening;
deep in the woods showed the darkening purple of bluebells.
It was everywhere perfectly stiffsave for the rustling of leaves
and birds.


But it is a beautiful place,said Mrs. Morel.


Yes,answered Mr. Leivers; "it's a nice little placeif only
it weren't for the rabbits. The pasture's bitten down to nothing.
I dunno if ever I s'll get the rent off it."


He clapped his handsand the field broke into motion near
the woodsbrown rabbits hopping everywhere.


Would you believe it!exclaimed Mrs. Morel.


She and Paul went on alone together.


Wasn't it lovely, mother?he said quietly.


A thin moon was coming out. His heart was full of happiness
till it hurt. His mother had to chatterbecause shetoo
wanted to cry with happiness.


Now WOULDN'T I help that man!she said. "WOULDN'T I see
to the fowls and the young stock! And I'D learn to milkand I'D
talk with himand I'D plan with him. My wordif I were his wife
the farm would be runI know! But thereshe hasn't the strength--she
simply hasn't the strength. She ought never to have been burdened
like ityou know. I'm sorry for herand I'm sorry for him too.
My wordif I'D had himI shouldn't have thought him a bad husband!
Not that she does either; and she's very lovable."


William came home again with his sweetheart at the Whitsuntide.
He had one week of his holidays then. It was beautiful weather.
As a ruleWilliam and Lily and Paul went out in the morning together
for a walk. William did not talk to his beloved muchexcept to tell
her things from his boyhood. Paul talked endlessly to both of them.
They lay downall threein a meadow by Minton Church. On one side
by the Castle Farmwas a beautiful quivering screen of poplars.
Hawthorn was dropping from the hedges; penny daisies and ragged
robin were in the fieldlike laughter. Williama big fellow
of twenty-threethinner now and even a bit gauntlay back
in the sunshine and dreamedwhile she fingered with his hair.
Paul went gathering the big daisies. She had taken off her hat;
her hair was black as a horse's mane. Paul came back and threaded
daisies in her jet-black hair--big spangles of white and yellowand just
a pink touch of ragged robin.


Now you look like a young witch-woman,the boy said to her.
Doesn't she, William?


Lily laughed. William opened his eyes and looked at her.
In his gaze was a certain baffled look of misery and fierce appreciation.


Has he made a sight of me?she askedlaughing down on
her lover.


That he has!said Williamsmiling.


He looked at her. Her beauty seemed to hurt him. He glanced
at her flower-decked head and frowned.


You look nice enough, if that's what you want to know,



he said.

And she walked without her hat. In a little while William
recoveredand was rather tender to her. Coming to a bridge
he carved her initials and his in a heart.

L. L. W.
W. M.
She watched his strongnervous handwith its glistening
hairs and frecklesas he carvedand she seemed fascinated by it.

All the time there was a feeling of sadness and warmth
and a certain tenderness in the housewhilst William and Lily
were at home. But often he got irritable. She had brought
for an eight-days' stayfive dresses and six blouses.

Oh, would you mind,she said to Anniewashing me these
two blouses, and these things?

And Annie stood washing when William and Lily went out the
next morning. Mrs. Morel was furious. And sometimes the young man
catching a glimpse of his sweetheart's attitude towards his sister
hated her.

On Sunday morning she looked very beautiful in a dress
of foulardsilky and sweepingand blue as a jay-bird's feather
and in a large cream hat covered with many rosesmostly crimson.
Nobody could admire her enough. But in the eveningwhen she was
going outshe asked again:

Chubby, have you got my gloves?

Which?asked William.

My new black SUEDE.

No.

There was a hunt. She had lost them.

Look here, mother,said Williamthat's the fourth pair
she's lost since Christmas--at five shillings a pair!

You only gave me TWO of them,she remonstrated.

And in the eveningafter supperhe stood on the hearthrug
whilst she sat on the sofaand he seemed to hate her. In the
afternoon he had left her whilst he went to see some old friend.
She had sat looking at a book. After supper William wanted to write
a letter.

Here is your book, Lily,said Mrs. Morel. "Would you care
to go on with it for a few minutes?"

No, thank you,said the girl. "I will sit still."

But it is so dull.

William scribbled irritably at a great rate. As he sealed
the envelope he said:

Read a book! Why, she's never read a book in her life.


Oh, go along!said Mrs. Morelcross with the exaggeration


It's true, mother--she hasn't,he criedjumping up and taking
his old position on the hearthrug. "She's never read a book in her life."


'Er's like me,chimed in Morel. "'Er canna see what there
is i' bookster sit borin' your nose in 'em fornor more can I."


But you shouldn't say these things,said Mrs. Morel to her son.


But it's true, mother--she CAN'T read. What did you give her?


Well, I gave her a little thing of Annie Swan's. Nobody wants
to read dry stuff on Sunday afternoon.


Well, I'll bet she didn't read ten lines of it.


You are mistaken,said his mother.


All the time Lily sat miserably on the sofa. He turned
to her swiftly.


DID you ready any?he asked.


Yes, I did,she replied.


How much?


l don't know how many pages.


Tell me ONE THING you read.


She could not.


She never got beyond the second page. He read a great deal
and had a quickactive intelligence. She could understand nothing but
love-making and chatter. He was accustomed to having all his thoughts
sifted through his mother's mind; sowhen he wanted companionship
and was asked in reply to be the billing and twittering lover
he hated his betrothed.


You know, mother,he saidwhen he was alone with her at night
she's no idea of money, she's so wessel-brained. When she's paid,
she'll suddenly buy such rot as marrons glaces, and then I have
to buy her season ticket, and her extras, even her underclothing.
And she wants to get married, and I think myself we might as well get
married next year. But at this rate---


A fine mess of a marriage it would be,replied his mother.
I should consider it again, my boy.


Oh, well, I've gone too far to break off now,he said
and so I shall get married as soon as I can.


Very well, my boy. If you will, you will, and there's no
stopping you; but I tell you, I can't sleep when I think about it.


Oh, she'll be all right, mother. We shall manage.


And she lets you buy her underclothing?asked the mother.


Well,he began apologeticallyshe didn't ask me; but one
morning--and it WAS cold--I found her on the station shivering, not able
to keep still; so I asked her if she was well wrapped up. She said:



'I think so.' So I said: 'Have you got warm underthings on?'
And she said: 'No, they were cotton.' I asked her why on earth she
hadn't got something thicker on in weather like that, and she said
because she HAD nothing. And there she is--a bronchial subject!
I HAD to take her and get some warm things. Well, mother, I shouldn't
mind the money if we had any. And, you know, she OUGHT to keep enough
to pay for her season-ticket; but no, she comes to me about that,
and I have to find the money.


It's a poor lookout,said Mrs. Morel bitterly.


He was paleand his rugged facethat used to be so perfectly
careless and laughingwas stamped with conflict and despair.


But I can't give her up now; it's gone too far,he said.
And, besides, for SOME things I couldn't do without her.


My boy, remember you're taking your life in your hands,
said Mrs. Morel. "NOTHING is as bad as a marriage that's
a hopeless failure. Mine was bad enoughGod knowsand ought
to teach you something; but it might have been worse by a long chalk."


He leaned with his back against the side of the chimney-piece
his hands in his pockets. He was a bigraw-boned manwho looked
as if he would go to the world's end if he wanted to. But she saw
the despair on his face.


I couldn't give her up now,he said.


Well,she saidremember there are worse wrongs than breaking
off an engagement.


I can't give her up NOW,he said.


The clock ticked on; mother and son remained in silence
a conflict between them; but he would say no more. At last she said:


Well, go to bed, my son. You'll feel better in the morning,
and perhaps you'll know better.


He kissed herand went. She raked the fire. Her heart
was heavy now as it had never been. Beforewith her husband
things had seemed to be breaking down in herbut they did not
destroy her power to live. Now her soul felt lamed in itself.
It was her hope that was struck.


And so often William manifested the same hatred towards
his betrothed. On the last evening at home he was railing against her.


Well,he saidif you don't believe me, what she's like,
would you believe she has been confirmed three times?


Nonsense!laughed Mrs. Morel.


Nonsense or not, she HAS! That's what confirmation means
for her--a bit of a theatrical show where she can cut a figure.


I haven't, Mrs. Morel!cried the girl--"I haven't! it
is not true!"


What!he criedflashing round on her. "Once in Bromley
once in Beckenhamand once somewhere else."


Nowhere else!she saidin tears--"nowhere else!"



It WAS! And if it wasn't why were you confirmed TWICE?


Once I was only fourteen, Mrs. Morel,she pleaded
tears in her eyes.


Yes,said Mrs. Morel; "I can quite understand itchild. Take no
notice of him. You ought to be ashamedWilliamsaying such things."


But it's true. She's religious--she had blue velvet
Prayer-Books--and she's not as much religion, or anything else,
in her than that table-leg. Gets confirmed three times for show,
to show herself off, and that's how she is in EVERYTHING--
EVERYTHING!


The girl sat on the sofacrying. She was not strong.


As for LOVE!he criedyou might as well ask a fly to love you!
It'll love settling on you---


Now, say no more,commanded Mrs. Morel. "If you want
to say these thingsyou must find another place than this.
I am ashamed of youWilliam! Why don't you be more manly.
To do nothing but find fault with a girland then pretend you're
engaged to her! "


Mrs. Morel subsided in wrath and indignation.


William was silentand later he repentedkissed and comforted
the girl. Yet it was truewhat he had said. He hated her.


When they were going awayMrs. Morel accompanied them as far
as Nottingham. It was a long way to Keston station.


You know, mother,he said to herGyp's shallow.
Nothing goes deep with her.


William, I WISH you wouldn't say these things,said Mrs. Morel
very uncomfortable for the girl who walked beside her.


But it doesn't, mother. She's very much in love with me now,
but if I died she'd have forgotten me in three months.


Mrs. Morel was afraid. Her heart beat furiouslyhearing the
quiet bitterness of her son's last speech.


How do you know?she replied. "You DON'T knowand therefore
you've no right to say such a thing."


He's always saying these things!cried the girl.


In three months after I was buried you'd have somebody else,
and I should be forgotten,he said. "And that's your love!"


Mrs. Morel saw them into the train in Nottinghamthen she
returned home.


There's one comfort,she said to Paul--"he'll never have any
money to marry onthat I AM sure of. And so she'll save him that way."


So she took cheer. Matters were not yet very desperate.
She firmly believed William would never marry his Gipsy. She waited
and she kept Paul near to her.



All summer long William's letters had a feverish tone; he seemed
unnatural and intense. Sometimes he was exaggeratedly jolly
usually he was flat and bitter in his letter.


Ah,his mother saidI'm afraid he's ruining himself
against that creature, who isn't worthy of his love--no, no more
than a rag doll.


He wanted to come home. The midsummer holiday was gone;
it was a long while to Christmas. He wrote in wild excitement
saying he could come for Saturday and Sunday at Goose Fairthe first
week in October.


You are not well, my boy,said his motherwhen she saw him.
She was almost in tears at having him to herself again.


No, I've not been well,he said. "I've seemed to have
a dragging cold all the last monthbut it's goingI think."


It was sunny October weather. He seemed wild with joy
like a schoolboy escaped; then again he was silent and reserved.
He was more gaunt than everand there was a haggard look in his eyes.


You are doing too much,said his mother to him.


He was doing extra worktrying to make some money to marry on
he said. He only talked to his mother once on the Saturday night;
then he was sad and tender about his beloved.


And yet, you know, mother, for all that, if I died she'd be
broken-hearted for two months, and then she'd start to forget me.
You'd see, she'd never come home here to look at my grave,
not even once.


Why, William,said his motheryou're not going to die,
so why talk about it?


But whether or not---he replied.


And she can't help it. She is like that, and if you choose
her--well, you can't grumble,said his mother.


On the Sunday morningas he was putting his collar on:


Look,he said to his motherholding up his chinwhat a
rash my collar's made under my chin!


Just at the junction of chin and throat was a big red inflammation.


It ought not to do that,said his mother. "Hereput a bit
of this soothing ointment on. You should wear different collars."


He went away on Sunday midnightseeming better and more solid
for his two days at home.


On Tuesday morning came a telegram from London that he was ill.
Mrs. Morel got off her knees from washing the floorread the telegram
called a neighbourwent to her landlady and borrowed a sovereign
put on her thingsand set off. She hurried to Kestoncaught an
express for London in Nottingham. She had to wait in Nottingham
nearly an hour. A small figure in her black bonnetshe was
anxiously asking the porters if they knew how to get to Elmers End.
The journey was three hours. She sat in her corner in a kind of stupor
never moving. At King's Cross still no one could tell her how



to get to Elmers End. Carrying her string bagthat contained
her nightdressa comb and brushshe went from person to person.
At last they sent her underground to Cannon Street.


It was six o'clock when she arrived at William's lodging.
The blinds were not down.


How is he?she asked.


No better,said the landlady.


She followed the woman upstairs. William lay on the bed
with bloodshot eyeshis face rather discoloured. The clothes were
tossed aboutthere was no fire in the rooma glass of milk stood
on the stand at his bedside. No one had been with him.


Why, my son!said the mother bravely.


He did not answer. He looked at herbut did not see her.
Then he began to sayin a dull voiceas if repeating a letter
from dictation: "Owing to a leakage in the hold of this vessel
the sugar had setand become converted into rock. It needed hacking---"


He was quite unconscious. It had been his business to examine
some such cargo of sugar in the Port of London.


How long has he been like this?the mother asked the landlady.


He got home at six o'clock on Monday morning, and he seemed
to sleep all day; then in the night we heard him talking, and this
morning he asked for you. So I wired, and we fetched the doctor.


Will you have a fire made?


Mrs. Morel tried to soothe her sonto keep him still.


The doctor came. It was pneumoniaandhe saida peculiar
erysipelaswhich had started under the chin where the collar chafed
and was spreading over the face. He hoped it would not get to the brain.


Mrs. Morel settled down to nurse. She prayed for William
prayed that he would recognise her. But the young man's face grew
more discoloured. In the night she struggled with him. He raved
and ravedand would not come to consciousness. At two o'clock
in a dreadful paroxysmhe died.


Mrs. Morel sat perfectly still for an hour in the lodging bedroom;
then she roused the household.


At six o'clockwith the aid of the charwomanshe laid him out;
then she went round the dreary London village to the registrar
and the doctor.


At nine o'clock to the cottage on Scargill Street came
another wire:


William died last night. Let father come, bring money.


AnniePauland Arthur were at home; Mr. Morel was gone
to work. The three children said not a word. Annie began to whimper
with fear; Paul set off for his father.


It was a beautiful day. At Brinsley pit the white steam melted
slowly in the sunshine of a soft blue sky; the wheels of the headstocks



twinkled high up; the screenshuffling its coal into the trucks
made a busy noise.


I want my father; he's got to go to London,said the boy
to the first man he met on the bank.


Tha wants Walter Morel? Go in theer an' tell Joe Ward.


Paul went into the little top office.


I want my father; he's got to go to London.


Thy feyther? Is he down? What's his name?


Mr. Morel.


What, Walter? Is owt amiss?


He's got to go to London.


The man went to the telephone and rang up the bottom office.


Walter Morel's wanted, number 42, Hard. Summat's amiss;
there's his lad here.


Then he turned round to Paul.


He'll be up in a few minutes,he said.


Paul wandered out to the pit-top. He watched the chair come up
with its wagon of coal. The great iron cage sank back on its rest
a full carfle was hauled offan empty tram run on to the chair
a bell ting'ed somewherethe chair heavedthen dropped like
a stone.


Paul did not realise William was dead; it was impossible
with such a bustle going on. The puller-off swung the small truck
on to the turn-tableanother man ran with it along the bank down
the curving lines.


And William is dead, and my mother's in London, and what will
she be doing?the boy asked himselfas if it were a conundrum.


He watched chair after chair come upand still no father.
At laststanding beside a wagona man's form! the chair sank on
its restsMorel stepped off. He was slightly lame from an accident.


Is it thee, Paul? Is 'e worse?


You've got to go to London.


The two walked off the pit-bankwhere men were watching curiously.
As they came out and went along the railwaywith the
sunny autumn field on one side and a wall of trucks
on the otherMorel said in a frightened voice:


'E's niver gone, child?


Yes.


When wor't?


Last night. We had a telegram from my mother.



Morel walked on a few stridesthen leaned up against
a truck-sidehis hand over his eyes. He was not crying.
Paul stood looking roundwaiting. On the weighing
machine a truck trundled slowly. Paul saw everything
except his father leaning against the truck as if he were tired.


Morel had only once before been to London. He set off
scared and peakedto help his wife. That was on Tuesday.
The children were left alone in the house. Paul went to work
Arthur went to schooland Annie had in a friend to be with her.


On Saturday nightas Paul was turning the cornercoming home
from Kestonhe saw his mother and fatherwho had come to Sethley
Bridge Station. They were walking in silence in the darktired
straggling apart. The boy waited.


Mother!he saidin the darkness.


Mrs. Morel's small figure seemed not to observe. He spoke again.


Paul!she saiduninterestedly.


She let him kiss herbut she seemed unaware of him.


In the house she was the same--smallwhiteand mute.
She noticed nothingshe said nothingonly:


The coffin will be here to-night, Walter. You'd better see
about some help.Thenturning to the children: "We're bringing
him home."


Then she relapsed into the same mute looking into space
her hands folded on her lap. Paullooking at herfelt he could
not breathe. The house was dead silent.


I went to work, mother,he said plaintively.


Did you?she answereddully.


After half an hour Moreltroubled and bewilderedcame in again.


Wheer s'll we ha'e him when he DOEScome?he asked his wife.


In the front-room.


Then I'd better shift th' table?


Yes.


An' ha'e him across th' chairs?


You know there---Yes, I suppose so.


Morel and Paul wentwith a candleinto the parlour.
There was no gas there. The father unscrewed the top of the big
mahogany oval tableand cleared the middle of the room; then he
arranged six chairs opposite each otherso that the coffin could
stand on their beds.


You niver seed such a length as he is!said the miner
and watching anxiously as he worked.


Paul went to the bay window and looked out. The ash-tree
stood monstrous and black in front of the wide darkness.



It was a faintly luminous night. Paul went back to his mother.

At ten o'clock Morel called:

He's here!

Everyone started. There was a noise of unbarring and unlocking
the front doorwhich opened straight from the night into the room.


Bring another candle,called Morel.


Annie and Arthur went. Paul followed with his mother.
He stood with his arm round her waist in the inner doorway.
Down the middle of the cleared room waited six chairsface to face.
In the windowagainst the lace curtainsArthur held up one candle
and by the open dooragainst the nightAnnie stood leaning forward
her brass candlestick glittering.


There was the noise of wheels. Outside in the darkness of the
street below Paul could see horses and a black vehicleone lamp
and a few pale faces; then some menminersall in their shirt-sleeves
seemed to struggle in the obscurity. Presently two men appeared
bowed beneath a great weight. It was Morel and his neighbour.


Steady!called Morelout of breath.


He and his fellow mounted the steep garden stepheaved into
the candlelight with their gleaming coffin-end. Limbs of other men
were seen struggling behind. Morel and Burnsin frontstaggered;
the great dark weight swayed.


Steady, steady!cried Morelas if in pain.


All the six bearers were up in the small gardenholding the
great coffin aloft. There were three more steps to the door.
The yellow lamp of the carriage shone alone
down the black road.


Now then!said Morel.


The coffin swayedthe men began to mount the three steps
with their load. Annie's candle flickeredand she whimpered
as the first men appearedand the limbs and bowed heads of six
men struggled to climb into the roombearing the coffin that rode
like sorrow on their living flesh.


Oh, my son--my son!Mrs. Morel sang softlyand each time
the coffin swung to the unequal climbing of the men: "Ohmy son--my
son--my son!"


Mother!Paul whimperedhis hand round her waist.


She did not hear.


Oh, my son--my son!she repeated.


Paul saw drops of sweat fall from his father's brow.
Six men were in the room--six coatless menwith yielding
struggling limbsfilling the room and knocking against the furniture.
The coffin veeredand was gently lowered on to the chairs.
The sweat fell from Morel's face on its boards.


My word, he's a weight!said a manand the five miners sighed
bowedandtrembling with the struggledescended the steps again



closing the door behind them.


The family was alone in the parlour with the great polished box.
Williamwhen laid outwas six feet four inches long. Like a monument
lay the bright brownponderous coffin. Paul thought it would never
be got out of the room again. His mother was stroking the polished wood.


They buried him on the Monday in the little cemetery on the
hillside that looks over the fields at the big church and the houses.
It was sunnyand the white chrysanthemums frilled themselves
in the warmth.


Mrs. Morel could not be persuadedafter thisto talk and
take her old bright interest in life. She remained shut off.
All the way home in the train she had said to herself : "If only it
could have been me! "


When Paul came home at night he found his mother sitting
her day's work donewith hands folded in her lap upon her
coarse apron. She always used to have changed her dress and put
on a black apronbefore. Now Annie set his supperand his mother
sat looking blankly in front of herher mouth shut tight.
Then he beat his brains for news to tell her.


Mother, Miss Jordan was down to-day, and she said my sketch
of a colliery at work was beautiful.


But Mrs. Morel took no notice. Night after night he forced
himself to tell her thingsalthough she did not listen. It drove
him almost insane to have her thus. At last:


What's a-matter, mother?he asked.


She did not hear.


What's a-matter?he persisted. "Motherwhat's a-matter?"


You know what's the matter,she said irritablyturning away.


The lad--he was sixteen years old--went to bed drearily.
He was cut off and wretched through OctoberNovember and December.
His mother triedbut she could not rouse herself. She could only
brood on her dead son; he had been let to die so cruelly.


At laston December 23with his five shillings Christmas-box
in his pocketPaul wandered blindly home. His mother looked at him
and her heart stood still.


What's the matter?she asked.


I'm badly, mother!he replied. "Mr. Jordan gave me five
shillings for a Christmas-box!"


He handed it to her with trembling hands. She put it on the table.


You aren't glad!he reproached her; but he trembled violently.


Where hurts you?she saidunbuttoning his overcoat.


It was the old question.


I feel badly, mother.


She undressed him and put him to bed. He had pneumonia dangerously



the doctor said.


Might he never have had it if I'd kept him at home, not let
him go to Nottingham?was one of the first things she asked.


He might not have been so bad,said the doctor.


Mrs. Morel stood condemned on her own ground.


I should have watched the living, not the dead,she told herself.


Paul was very ill. His mother lay in bed at nights with him;
they could not afford a nurse. He grew worseand the crisis approached.
One night he tossed into consciousness in the ghastlysickly feeling
of dissolutionwhen all the cells in the body seem in intense
irritability to be breaking downand consciousness makes a last
flare of strugglelike madness.


I s'll die, mother!be criedheaving for breath on the pillow.


She lifted him upcrying in a small voice:


Oh, my son--my son!


That brought him to. He realised her. His whole will rose
up and arrested him. He put his head on her breastand took ease
of her for love.


For some things,said his auntit was a good thing Paul
was ill that Christmas. I believe it saved his mother.


Paul was in bed for seven weeks. He got up white and fragile.
His father had bought him a pot of scarlet and gold tulips.
They used to flame in the window in the March sunshine as he sat
on the sofa chattering to his mother. The two knitted together in
perfect intimacy. Mrs. Morel's life now rooted itself in Paul.


William had been a prophet. Mrs. Morel had a little present
and a letter from Lily at Christmas. Mrs. Morel's sister had
a letter at the New Year.


I was at a ball last night. Some delightful people were there,
and I enjoyed myself thoroughly,said the letter. "I had every
dance--did not sit out one."


Mrs. Morel never heard any more of her.


Morel and his wife were gentle with each other for some time
after the death of their son. He would go into a kind of daze
staring wide-eyed and blank across the room. Then he got up suddenly
and hurried out to the Three Spotsreturning in his normal state.
But never in his life would he go for a walk up Shepstone
past the office where his son had workedand he always avoided
the cemetery.


PART TWO


CHAPTER VII


LAD-AND-GIRL LOVE


PAUL had been many times up to Willey Farm during the autumn.



He was friends with the two youngest boys. Edgar the eldestwould not
condescend at first. And Miriam also refused to be approached.
She was afraid of being set at noughtas by her own brothers.
The girl was romantic in her soul. Everywhere was a Walter Scott
heroine being loved by men with helmets or with plumes in their caps.
She herself was something of a princess turned into a swine-girl
in her own imagination. And she was afraid lest this boy
whoneverthelesslooked something like a Walter Scott hero
who could paint and speak Frenchand knew what algebra meant
and who went by train to Nottingham every daymight consider her
simply as the swine-girlunable to perceive the princess beneath;
so she held aloof.


Her great companion was her mother. They were both brown-eyed
and inclined to be mysticalsuch women as treasure religion
inside thembreathe it in their nostrilsand see the whole of life
in a mist thereof. So to MiriamChrist and God made one great figure
which she loved tremblingly and passionately when a tremendous sunset
burned out the western skyand Edithsand Lucysand RowenasBrian de
Bois GuilbertsRob Roysand Guy Manneringsrustled the sunny leaves
in the morningor sat in her bedroom aloftalonewhen it snowed.
That was life to her. For the restshe drudged in the house
which work she would not have minded had not her clean red floor been
mucked up immediately by the trampling farm-boots of her brothers.
She madly wanted her little brother of four to let her swathe
him and stifle him in her love; she went to church reverently
with bowed headand quivered in anguish from the vulgarity of the
other choir-girls and from the common-sounding voice of the curate;
she fought with her brotherswhom she considered brutal louts;
and she held not her father in too high esteem because he did not
carry any mystical ideals cherished in his heartbut only wanted
to have as easy a time as he couldand his meals when he was ready
for them.


She hated her position as swine-girl. She wanted to be considered.
She wanted to learnthinking that if she could readas Paul said
he could readColombaor the "Voyage autour de ma Chambre"the
world would have a different face for her and a deepened respect.
She could not be princess by wealth or standing. So she was mad
to have learning whereon to pride herself. For she was different
from other folkand must not be scooped up among the common fry.
Learning was the only distinction to which she thought to aspire.


Her beauty--that of a shywildquiveringly sensitive
thing--seemed nothing to her. Even her soulso strong for rhapsody
was not enough. She must have something to reinforce her pride
because she felt different from other people. Paul she eyed
rather wistfully. On the wholeshe scorned the male sex.
But here was a new specimenquicklightgracefulwho could
be gentle and who could be sadand who was cleverand who knew
a lotand who had a death in the family. The boy's poor
morsel of learning exalted him almost sky-high in her esteem.
Yet she tried hard to scorn himbecause he would not see in her
the princess but only the swine-girl. And he scarcely observed her.


Then he was so illand she felt he would be weak. Then she
would be stronger than he. Then she could love him. If she could
be mistress of him in his weaknesstake care of himif he could
depend on herif she couldas it werehave him in her arms
how she would love him!


As soon as the skies brightened and plum-blossom was out
Paul drove off in the milkman's heavy float up to Willey Farm.
Mr. Leivers shouted in a kindly fashion at the boythen clicked



to the horse as they climbed the hill slowlyin the freshness
of the morning. White clouds went on their waycrowding to the
back of the hills that were rousing in the springtime. The water
of Nethermere lay belowvery blue against the seared meadows and
the thorn-trees.


It was four and a half miles' drive. Tiny buds on the hedges
vivid as copper-greenwere opening into rosettes; and thrushes called
and blackbirds shrieked and scolded. It was a newglamorous world.


Miriampeeping through the kitchen windowsaw the horse walk
through the big white gate into the farmyard that was backed by the
oak-woodstill bare. Then a youth in a heavy overcoat climbed down.
He put up his hands for the whip and the rug that the good-looking
ruddy farmer handed down to him.


Miriam appeared in the doorway. She was nearly sixteen
very beautifulwith her warm colouringher gravityher eyes
dilating suddenly like an ecstasy.


I say,said Paulturning shyly asideyour daffodils
are nearly out. Isn't it early? But don't they look cold?


Cold!said Miriamin her musicalcaressing voice.


The green on their buds---and he faltered into silence timidly.


Let me take the rug,said Miriam over-gently.


I can carry it,he answeredrather injured. But he yielded
it to her.


Then Mrs. Leivers appeared.


I'm sure you're tired and cold,she said. "Let me take
your coat. It IS heavy. You mustn't walk far in it."


She helped him off with his coat. He was quite unused
to such attention. She was almost smothered under its weight.


Why, mother,laughed the farmer as he passed through the kitchen
swinging the great milk-churnsyou've got almost more than you
can manage there.


She beat up the sofa cushions for the youth.


The kitchen was very small and irregular. The farm had been
originally a labourer's cottage. And the furniture was old and battered.
But Paul loved it--loved the sack-bag that formed the hearthrug
and the funny little corner under the stairsand the small window
deep in the cornerthrough whichbending a littlebe could see
the plum trees in the back garden and the lovely round hills beyond.


Won't you lie down?said Mrs. Leivers.


Oh no; I'm not tired,he said. "Isn't it lovely coming out
don't you think? I saw a sloe-bush in blossom and a lot of celandines.
I'm glad it's sunny."


Can I give you anything to eat or to drink?


No, thank you.


How's your mother?



I think she's tired now. I think she's had too much to do.
Perhaps in a little while she'll go to Skegness with me. Then she'll
be able to rest. I s'll be glad if she can.


Yes,replied Mrs. Leivers. "It's a wonder she isn't
ill herself."


Miriam was moving about preparing dinner. Paul watched
everything that happened. His face was pale and thinbut his eyes
were quick and bright with life as ever. He watched the strange
almost rhapsodic way in which the girl moved aboutcarrying a great
stew-jar to the ovenor looking in the saucepan. The atmosphere
was different from that of his own homewhere everything seemed
so ordinary. When Mr. Leivers called loudly outside to the horse
that was reaching over to feed on the rose-bushes in the garden
the girl startedlooked round with dark eyesas if something had
come breaking in on her world. There was a sense of silence inside
the house and out. Miriam seemed as in some dreamy talea maiden
in bondageher spirit dreaming in a land far away and magical.
And her discolouredold blue frock and her broken boots seemed
only like the romantic rags of King Cophetua's beggar-maid.


She suddenly became aware of his keen blue eyes upon her
taking her all in. Instantly her broken boots and her frayed old
frock hurt her. She resented his seeing everything. Even he knew
that her stocking was not pulled up. She went into the scullery
blushing deeply. And afterwards her hands trembled slightly at
her work. She nearly dropped all she handled. When her inside
dream was shakenher body quivered with trepidation. She resented
that he saw so much.


Mrs. Leivers sat for some time talking to the boyalthough she
was needed at her work. She was too polite to leave him.
Presently she excused herself and rose. After a while she looked
into the tin saucepan.


Oh DEAR, Miriam,she criedthese potatoes have boiled dry!


Miriam started as if she had been stung.


HAVE they, mother?she cried.


I shouldn't care, Miriam,said the motherif I hadn't
trusted them to you.She peered into the pan.


The girl stiffened as if from a blow. Her dark eyes dilated;
she remained standing in the same spot.


Well,she answeredgripped tight in self-conscious shame
I'm sure I looked at them five minutes since.


Yes,said the motherI know it's easily done.


They're not much burned,said Paul. "It doesn't matter
does it?"


Mrs. Leivers looked at the youth with her brownhurt eyes.


It wouldn't matter but for the boys,she said to him.
Only Miriam knows what a trouble they make if the potatoes are
'caught'.


Then,thought Paul to himselfyou shouldn't let them make



a trouble.


After a while Edgar came in. He wore leggingsand his boots
were covered with earth. He was rather smallrather formal
for a farmer. He glanced at Paulnodded to him distantly
and said:


Dinner ready?


Nearly, Edgar,replied the mother apologetically.


I'm ready for mine,said the young mantaking up the newspaper
and reading. Presently the rest of the family trooped in.
Dinner was served. The meal went rather brutally. The over-gentleness
and apologetic tone of the mother brought out all the brutality
of manners in the sons. Edgar tasted the potatoesmoved his mouth
quickly like a rabbitlooked indignantly at his motherand said:


These potatoes are burnt, mother.


Yes, Edgar. I forgot them for a minute. Perhaps you'll
have bread if you can't eat them.


Edgar looked in anger across at Miriam.


What was Miriam doing that she couldn't attend to them?
he said.


Miriam looked up. Her mouth openedher dark eyes blazed
and wincedbut she said nothing. She swallowed her anger
and her shamebowing her dark head.


I'm sure she was trying hard,said the mother.


She hasn't got sense even to boil the potatoes,said Edgar.
What is she kept at home for?


On'y for eating everything that's left in th' pantry,said Maurice.


They don't forget that potato-pie against our Miriam,
laughed the father.


She was utterly humiliated. The mother sat in silence
sufferinglike some saint out of place at the brutal board.


It puzzled Paul. He wondered vaguely why all this intense feeling
went running because of a few burnt potatoes. The mother exalted
everything--even a bit of housework--to the plane of a religious trust.
The sons resented this; they felt themselves cut away underneathand
they answered with brutality and also with a sneering superciliousness.


Paul was just opening out from childhood into manhood.
This atmospherewhere everything took a religious valuecame with
a subtle fascination to him. There was something in the air.
His own mother was logical. Here there was something different
something he lovedsomething that at times he hated.


Miriam quarrelled with her brothers fiercely. Later in
the afternoonwhen they had gone away againher mother said:


You disappointed me at dinner-time, Miriam.


The girl dropped her head.



They are such BRUTES!she suddenly criedlooking up
with flashing eyes.


But hadn't you promised not to answer them?said the mother.
And I believed in you. I CAN'T stand it when you wrangle.


But they're so hateful!cried Miriamand--and LOW.


Yes, dear. But how often have I asked you not to answer
Edgar back? Can't you let him say what he likes?


But why should he say what he likes?


Aren't you strong enough to bear it, Miriam, if even for my sake?
Are you so weak that you must wrangle with them?


Mrs. Leivers stuck unflinchingly to this doctrine of "the other
cheek". She could not instil it at all into the boys. With the
girls she succeeded betterand Miriam was the child of her heart.
The boys loathed the other cheek when it was presented to them.
Miriam was often sufficiently lofty to turn it. Then they spat
on her and hated her. But she walked in her proud humility
living within herself.


There was always this feeling of jangle and discord in the
Leivers family. Although the boys resented so bitterly this eternal
appeal to their deeper feelings of resignation and proud humility
yet it had its effect on them. They could not establish between themselves
and an outsider just the ordinary human feeling and unexaggerated
friendship; they were always restless for the something deeper.
Ordinary folk seemed shallow to themtrivial and inconsiderable.
And so they were unaccustomedpainfully uncouth in the simplest
social intercoursesufferingand yet insolent in their superiority.
Then beneath was the yearning for the soul-intimacy to which they could
not attain because they were too dumband every approach to close
connection was blocked by their clumsy contempt of other people.
They wanted genuine intimacybut they could not get even normally
near to anyonebecause they scorned to take the first steps
they scorned the triviality which forms common human intercourse.


Paul fell under Mrs. Leivers's spell. Everything had
a religious and intensified meaning when he was with her.
His soulhurthighly developedsought her as if for nourishment.
Together they seemed to sift the vital fact from an experience.


Miriam was her mother's daughter. In the sunshine of the
afternoon mother and daughter went down the fields with him.
They looked for nests. There was a jenny wren's in the hedge
by the orchard.


I DO want you to see this,said Mrs. Leivers.


He crouched down and carefully put his finger through the
thorns into the round door of the nest.


It's almost as if you were feeling inside the live body
of the bird,he saidit's so warm. They say a bird makes
its nest round like a cup with pressing its breast on it.
Then how did it make the ceiling round, I wonder?


The nest seemed to start into life for the two women.
After thatMiriam came to see it every day. It seemed so close
to her. Againgoing down the hedgeside with the girlhe noticed
the celandinesscalloped splashes of goldon the side of the ditch.



I like them,he saidwhen their petals go flat back with
the sunshine. They seemed to be pressing themselves at the sun.


And then the celandines ever after drew her with a little spell.
Anthropomorphic as she wasshe stimulated him into appreciating
things thusand then they lived for her. She seemed to need things
kindling in her imagination or in her soul before she felt she
had them. And she was cut off from ordinary life by her religious
intensity which made the world for her either a nunnery garden
or a paradisewhere sin and knowledge were notor else an ugly
cruel thing.


So it was in this atmosphere of subtle intimacythis meeting
in their common feeling for something in Naturethat their love started.


Personallyhe was a long time before he realized her.
For ten months he had to stay at home after his illness. For a
while he went to Skegness with his motherand was perfectly happy.
But even from the seaside he wrote long letters to Mrs. Leivers
about the shore and the sea. And he brought back his beloved
sketches of the flat Lincoln coastanxious for them to see.
Almost they would interest the Leivers more than they interested
his mother. It was not his art Mrs. Morel cared about; it was himself
and his achievement. But Mrs. Leivers and her children were almost
his disciples. They kindled him and made him glow to his work
whereas his mother's influence was to make him quietly determined
patientdoggedunwearied.


He soon was friends with the boyswhose rudeness was
only superficial. They had allwhen they could trust themselves
a strange gentleness and lovableness.


Will you come with me on to the fallow?asked Edgar
rather hesitatingly.


Paul went joyfullyand spent the afternoon helping to hoe or to
single turnips with his friend. He used to lie with the three brothers
in the hay piled up in the barn and tell them about Nottingham and
about Jordan's. In returnthey taught him to milkand let him do
little jobs--chopping hay or pulping turnips--just as much as he liked.
At midsummer he worked all through hay-harvest with themand then
he loved them. The family was so cut off from the world actually.
They seemedsomehowlike "les derniers fils d'une race epuisee".
Though the lads were strong and healthyyet they had all that
over-sensitiveness and hanging-back which made them so lonely
yet also such closedelicate friends once their intimacy was won.
Paul loved them dearlyand they him.


Miriam came later. But he had come into her life before she
made any mark on his. One dull afternoonwhen the men were on
the land and the rest at schoolonly Miriam and her mother
at homethe girl said to himafter having hesitated for some time:


Have you seen the swing?


No,he answered. "Where?"


In the cowshed,she replied.


She always hesitated to offer or to show him anything.
Men have such different standards of worth from womenand her dear
things--the valuable things to her--her brothers had so often mocked
or flouted.



Come on, then,he repliedjumping up.


There were two cowshedsone on either side of the barn.
In the lowerdarker shed there was standing for four cows.
Hens flew scolding over the manger-wall as the youth and girl went
forward for the great thick rope which hung from the beam in the
darkness overheadand was pushed back over a peg in the wall.


It's something like a rope!he exclaimed appreciatively;
and he sat down on itanxious to try it. Then immediately he rose.


Come on, then, and have first go,he said to the girl.


See,she answeredgoing into the barnwe put some bags
on the seat; and she made the swing comfortable for him.
That gave her pleasure. He held the rope.


Come on, then,he said to her.


No, I won't go first,she answered.


She stood aside in her stillaloof fashion.


Why?


You go,she pleaded.


Almost for the first time in her life she had the pleasure
of giving up to a manof spoiling him. Paul looked at her.


All right,he saidsitting down. "Mind out!"


He set off with a springand in a moment was flying through
the airalmost out of the door of the shedthe upper half of which
was openshowing outside the drizzling rainthe filthy yard
the cattle standing disconsolate against the black cartshedand at
the back of all the grey-green wall of the wood. She stood below
in her crimson tam-o'-shanter and watched. He looked down at her
and she saw his blue eyes sparkling.


It's a treat of a swing,he said.


Yes.


He was swinging through the airevery bit of him swinging
like a bird that swoops for joy of movement. And he looked down
at her. Her crimson cap hung over her dark curlsher beautiful
warm faceso still in a kind of broodingwas lifted towards him.
It was dark and rather cold in the shed. Suddenly a swallow came
down from the high roof and darted out of the door.


I didn't know a bird was watching,he called.


He swung negligently. She could feel him falling and lifting
through the airas if he were lying on some force.


Now I'll die,he saidin a detacheddreamy voiceas though
he were the dying motion of the swing. She watched himfascinated.
Suddenly he put on the brake and jumped out.


I've had a long turn,he said. "But it's a treat
of a swing--it's a real treat of a swing!"



Miriam was amused that he took a swing so seriously and felt
so warmly over it.

No; you go on,she said.

Why, don't you want one?he askedastonished.

Well, not much. I'll have just a little.

She sat downwhilst he kept the bags in place for her.

It's so ripping!he saidsetting her in motion. "Keep your
heels upor they'll bang the manger wall."

She felt the accuracy with which he caught herexactly at the
right momentand the exactly proportionate strength of his thrust
and she was afraid. Down to her bowels went the hot wave of fear.
She was in his hands. Againfirm and inevitable came the thrust at
the right moment. She gripped the ropealmost swooning.

Ha!she laughed in fear. "No higher!"

But you're not a BIT high,he remonstrated.

But no higher.

He heard the fear in her voiceand desisted. Her heart melted
in hot pain when the moment came for him to thrust her forward again.
But he left her alone. She began to breathe.

Won't you really go any farther?he asked. "Should I keep
you there?"

No; let me go by myself,she answered.

He moved aside and watched her.

Why, you're scarcely moving,he said.

She laughed slightly with shameand in a moment got down.

They say if you can swing you won't be sea-sick,he said
as he mounted again. "I don't believe I should ever be sea-sick."

Away he went. There was something fascinating to her in him.
For the moment he was nothing but a piece of swinging stuff;
not a particle of him that did not swing. She could never lose
herself sonor could her brothers. It roused a warmth in her.
It was almost as if he were a flame that had lit a warmth in her
whilst he swung in the middle air.

And gradually the intimacy with the family concentrated
for Paul on three persons--the motherEdgarand Miriam.
To the mother he went for that sympathy and that appeal which seemed
to draw him out. Edgar was his very close friend. And to Miriam
he more or less condescendedbecause she seemed so humble.

But the girl gradually sought him out. If he brought up his
sketch-bookit was she who pondered longest over the last picture.
Then she would look up at him. Suddenlyher dark eyes alight like
water that shakes with a stream of gold in the darkshe would ask:

Why do I like this so?


Always something in his breast shrank from these close
intimatedazzled looks of hers.


Why DO you?he asked.


I don't know. It seems so true.


It's because--it's because there is scarcely any shadow in it;
it's more shimmery, as if I'd painted the shimmering protoplasm
in the leaves and everywhere, and not the stiffness of the shape.
That seems dead to me. Only this shimmeriness is the real living.
The shape is a dead crust. The shimmer is inside really.


And shewith her little finger in her mouthwould ponder
these sayings. They gave her a feeling of life againand vivified
things which had meant nothing to her. She managed to find some
meaning in his strugglingabstract speeches. And they were
the medium through which she came distinctly at her beloved objects.


Another day she sat at sunset whilst he was painting some
pine-trees which caught the red glare from the west. He had been quiet.


There you are!he said suddenly. "I wanted that. Nowlook at
them and tell meare they pine trunks or are they red coals
standing-up pieces of fire in that darkness? There's God's burning
bush for youthat burned not away."


Miriam lookedand was frightened. But the pine trunks were
wonderful to herand distinct. He packed his box and rose.
Suddenly he looked at her.


Why are you always sad?he asked her.


Sad!she exclaimedlooking up at him with startled
wonderful brown eyes.


Yes,he replied. "You are always sad."


I am not--oh, not a bit!she cried.


But even your joy is like a flame coming off of sadness,
he persisted. "You're never jollyor even just all right."


No,she pondered. "I wonder--why?"


Because you're not; because you're different inside,
like a pine-tree, and then you flare up; but you're not just
like an ordinary tree, with fidgety leaves and jolly---


He got tangled up in his own speech; but she brooded on it
and he had a strangeroused sensationas if his feelings were new.
She got so near him. It was a strange stimulant.


Then sometimes he hated her. Her youngest brother was only five.
He was a frail ladwith immense brown eyes in his quaint fragile
face--one of Reynolds's "Choir of Angels"with a touch of elf.
Often Miriam kneeled to the child and drew him to her.


Eh, my Hubert!she sangin a voice heavy and surcharged
with love. "Ehmy Hubert!"


Andfolding him in her armsshe swayed slightly from side
to side with loveher face half liftedher eyes half closed
her voice drenched with love.



Don't!said the childuneasy--"don'tMiriam!"


Yes; you love me, don't you?she murmured deep in her throat
almost as if she were in a tranceand swaying also as if she were
swooned in an ecstasy of love.


Don't!repeated the childa frown on his clear brow.


You love me, don't you?she murmured.


What do you make such a FUSS for?cried Paulall in suffering
because of her extreme emotion. "Why can't you be ordinary with him?"


She let the child goand roseand said nothing. Her intensity
which would leave no emotion on a normal planeirritated the youth
into a frenzy. And this fearfulnaked contact of her on small
occasions shocked him. He was used to his mother's reserve.
And on such occasions he was thankful in his heart and soul that he
had his motherso sane and wholesome.


All the life of Miriam's body was in her eyeswhich were usually
dark as a dark churchbut could flame with light like a conflagration.
Her face scarcely ever altered from its look of brooding.
She might have been one of the women who went with Mary when Jesus
was dead. Her body was not flexible and living. She walked
with a swingrather heavilyher head bowed forwardpondering.
She was not clumsyand yet none of her movements seemed quite
THE movement. Oftenwhen wiping the dishesshe would stand
in bewilderment and chagrin because she had pulled in two halves
a cup or a tumbler. It was as ifin her fear and self-mistrust
she put too much strength into the effort. There was no looseness
or abandon about her. Everything was gripped stiff with intensity
and her effortoverchargedclosed in on itself.


She rarely varied from her swingingforwardintense walk.
Occasionally she ran with Paul down the fields. Then her eyes
blazed naked in a kind of ecstasy that frightened him. But she was
physically afraid. If she were getting over a stileshe gripped his
hands in a little hard anguishand began to lose her presence of mind.
And he could not persuade her to jump from even a small height.
Her eyes dilatedbecame exposed and palpitating.


No!she criedhalf laughing in terror--"no!"


You shall!he cried onceandjerking her forwardhe brought
her falling from the fence. But her wild "Ah!" of painas if she
were losing consciousnesscut him. She landed on her feet safely
and afterwards had courage in this respect.


She was very much dissatisfied with her lot.


Don't you like being at home?Paul asked hersurprised.


Who would?she answeredlow and intense. "What is it?
I'm all day cleaning what the boys make just as bad in five minutes.
I don't WANT to be at home."


What do you want, then?


I want to do something. I want a chance like anybody else.
Why should 1, because I'm a girl, be kept at home and not allowed
to be anything? What chance HAVE I?



Chance of what?

Of knowing anything--of learning, of doing anything.
It's not fair, because I'm a woman.

She seemed very bitter. Paul wondered. In his own home Annie
was almost glad to be a girl. She had not so much responsibility;
things were lighter for her. She never wanted to be other than a girl.
But Miriam almost fiercely wished she were a man. And yet she hated
men at the same time.

But it's as well to be a woman as a man,he saidfrowning.

Ha! Is it? Men have everything.

I should think women ought to be as glad to be women as men
are to be men,he answered.
No!--she shook her head--"no! Everything the men have."


But what do you want?he asked.
I want to learn. Why SHOULD it be that I know nothing?


What! such as mathematics and French?


Why SHOULDN'T I know mathematics? Yes!she criedher eye
expanding in a kind of defiance.

Well, you can learn as much as I know,he said. "I'll teach you
if you like."

Her eyes dilated. She mistrusted him as teacher.
Would you?he asked.

Her head had droppedand she was sucking her finger broodingly.
Yes,she said hesitatingly.

He used to tell his mother all these things.
I'm going to teach Miriam algebra,he said.

Well,replied Mrs. MorelI hope she'll get fat on it.

When he went up to the farm on the Monday eveningit was
drawing twilight. Miriam was just sweeping up the kitchenand was
kneeling at the hearth when he entered. Everyone was out but her.
She looked round at himflushedher dark eyes shiningher fine
hair falling about her face.

Hello!she saidsoft and musical. "I knew it was you."
How?

I knew your step. Nobody treads so quick and firm.
He sat downsighing.

Ready to do some algebra?he askeddrawing a little book
from his pocket.

But---


He could feel her backing away.

You said you wanted,he insisted.

To-night, though?she faltered.

But I came on purpose. And if you want to learn it,
you must begin.


She took up her ashes in the dustpan and looked at him
half tremulouslylaughing.


Yes, but to-night! You see, I haven't thought of it.


Well, my goodness! Take the ashes and come.


He went and sat on the stone bench in the back-yardwhere
the big milk-cans were standingtipped upto air. The men were
in the cowsheds. He could hear the little sing-song of the milk
spurting into the pails. Presently she camebringing some big
greenish apples.


You know you like them,she said.


He took a bite.


Sit down,he saidwith his mouth full.


She was short-sightedand peered over his shoulder.
It irritated him. He gave her the book quickly.


Here,he said. "It's only letters for figures. You put
down 'a' instead of '2' or '6'."


They workedhe talkingshe with her head down on the book.
He was quick and hasty. She never answered. Occasionallywhen he
demanded of herDo you see?she looked up at himher eyes wide
with the half-laugh that comes of fear. "Don't you?" he cried.


He had been too fast. But she said nothing. He questioned
her morethen got hot. It made his blood rouse to see her there
as it wereat his mercyher mouth openher eyes dilated with
laughter that was afraidapologeticashamed. Then Edgar came
along with two buckets of milk.


Hello!he said. "What are you doing?"


Algebra,replied Paul.


Algebra!repeated Edgar curiously. Then he passed on with
a laugh. Paul took a bite at his forgotten applelooked at the
miserable cabbages in the gardenpecked into lace by the fowls
and he wanted to pull them up. Then he glanced at Miriam.
She was poring over the bookseemed absorbed in ityet trembling
lest she could not get at it. It made him cross. She was ruddy
and beautiful. Yet her soul seemed to be intensely supplicating.
The algebra-book she closedshrinkingknowing he was angered;
and at the same instant he grew gentleseeing her hurt because she did
not understand.


But things came slowly to her. And when she held herself
in a gripseemed so utterly humble before the lessonit made his
blood rouse. He stormed at hergot ashamedcontinued the lesson



and grew furious againabusing her. She listened in silence.
Occasionallyvery rarelyshe defended herself. Her liquid dark
eyes blazed at him.


You don't give me time to learn it,she said.


All right,he answeredthrowing the book on the table and lighting
a cigarette. Thenafter a whilehe went back to her repentant.
So the lessons went. He was always either in a rage or very gentle.


What do you tremble your SOUL before it for?he cried.
You don't learn algebra with your blessed soul. Can't you look
at it with your clear simple wits?


Oftenwhen he went again into the kitchenMrs. Leivers would
look at him reproachfullysaying:


Paul, don't be so hard on Miriam. She may not be quick,
but I'm sure she tries.


I can't help it,he said rather pitiably. "I go off like it."


You don't mind me, Miriam, do you?he asked of the girl later.


No,she reassured him in her beautiful deep tones--"noI
don't mind."


Don't mind me; it's my fault.


Butin spite of himselfhis blood began to boil with her.
It was strange that no one else made him in such fury.
He flared against her. Once he threw the pencil in her face.
There was a silence. She turned her face slightly aside.


I didn't---he beganbut got no fartherfeeling weak in
all his bones. She never reproached him or was angry with him.
He was often cruelly ashamed. But still again his anger burst
like a bubble surcharged; and stillwhen he saw her eagersilent
as it wereblind facehe felt he wanted to throw the pencil
in it; and stillwhen he saw her hand trembling and her mouth
parted with sufferinghis heart was scalded with pain for her.
And because of the intensity to which she roused himhe sought her.


Then he often avoided her and went with Edgar. Miriam and
her brother were naturally antagonistic. Edgar was a rationalist
who was curiousand had a sort of scientific interest in life.
It was a great bitterness to Miriam to see herself deserted by Paul
for Edgarwho seemed so much lower. But the youth was very happy
with her elder brother. The two men spent afternoons together
on the land or in the loft doing carpentrywhen it rained.
And they talked togetheror Paul taught Edgar the songs he himself
had learned from Annie at the piano. And often all the men
Mr. Leivers as wellhad bitter debates on the nationalizing of the land
and similar problems. Paul had already heard his mother's views
and as these were as yet his ownhe argued for her. Miriam attended
and took partbut was all the time waiting until it should be over
and a personal communication might begin.


After all,she said within herselfif the land
were nationalized, Edgar and Paul and I would be just the same.
So she waited for the youth to come back to her.


He was studying for his painting. He loved to sit at home
alone with his motherat nightworking and working. She sewed



or read. Thenlooking up from his taskhe would rest his eyes
for a moment on her facethat was bright with living warmth
and he returned gladly to his work.


I can do my best things when you sit there in your
rocking-chair, mother,he said.


I'm sure!she exclaimedsniffing with mock scepticism.
But she felt it was soand her heart quivered with brightness.
For many hours she sat stillslightly conscious of him labouring away
whilst she worked or read her book. And hewith all his soul's
intensity directing his pencilcould feel her warmth inside him
like strength. They were both very happy soand both unconscious
of it. These timesthat meant so muchand which were real living
they almost ignored.


He was conscious only when stimulated. A sketch finished
he always wanted to take it to Miriam. Then he was stimulated
into knowledge of the work he had produced unconsciously.
In contact with Miriam he gained insight; his vision went deeper.
From his mother he drew the life-warmththe strength to produce;
Miriam urged this warmth into intensity like a white light.


When he returned to the factory the conditions of work were better.
He had Wednesday afternoon off to go to the Art School--
Miss Jordan's provision--returning in the evening. Then the factory
closed at six instead of eight on Thursday and Friday evenings.


One evening in the summer Miriam and he went over the fields
by Herod's Farm on their way from the library home. So it was
only three miles to Willey Farm. There was a yellow glow over the
mowing-grassand the sorrel-heads burned crimson. Graduallyas they
walked along the high landthe gold in the west sank down to red
the red to crimsonand then the chill blue crept up against the glow.


They came out upon the high road to Alfretonwhich ran
white between the darkening fields. There Paul hesitated.
It was two miles home for himone mile forward for Miriam.
They both looked up the road that ran in shadow right under the
glow of the north-west sky. On the crest of the hillSelby
with its stark houses and the up-pricked headstocks of the pit
stood in black silhouette small against the sky.


He looked at his watch.


Nine o'clock!he said.


The pair stoodloth to parthugging their books.


The wood is so lovely now,she said. "I wanted you to see it."


He followed her slowly across the road to the white gate.


They grumble so if I'm late,he said.


But you're not doing anything wrong,she answered impatiently.


He followed her across the nibbled pasture in the dusk.
There was a coolness in the wooda scent of leavesof honeysuckle
and a twilight. The two walked in silence. Night came wonderfully there
among the throng of dark tree-trunks. He looked roundexpectant.


She wanted to show him a certain wild-rose bush she
had discovered. She knew it was wonderful. And yet



till he had seen itshe felt it had not come into her soul.
Only he could make it her ownimmortal. She was dissatisfied.


Dew was already on the paths. In the old oak-wood a mist
was risingand he hesitatedwondering whether one whiteness
were a strand of fog or only campion-flowers pallid in a cloud.


By the time they came to the pine-trees Miriam was getting very
eager and very tense. Her bush might be gone. She might not be
able to find it; and she wanted it so much. Almost passionately
she wanted to be with him when be stood before the flowers.
They were going to have a communion together--something that
thrilled hersomething holy. He was walking beside her in silence.
They were very near to each other. She trembledand he listened
vaguely anxious.


Coming to the edge of the woodthey saw the sky in front
like mother-of-pearland the earth growing dark. Somewhere on the
outermost branches of the pine-wood the honeysuckle was streaming scent.


Where?he asked.


Down the middle path,she murmuredquivering.


When they turned the corner of the path she stood still.
In the wide walk between the pinesgazing rather frightened
she could distinguish nothing for some moments; the greying light
robbed things of their colour. Then she saw her bush.


Ah!she criedhastening forward.


It was very still. The tree was tall and straggling.
It had thrown its briers over a hawthorn-bushand its long
streamers trailed thickright down to the grasssplashing the
darkness everywhere with great spilt starspure white. In bosses
of ivory and in large splashed stars the roses gleamed on the
darkness of foliage and stems and grass. Paul and Miriam stood
close togethersilentand watched. Point after point the steady
roses shone out to themseeming to kindle something in their souls.
The dusk came like smoke aroundand still did not put out the roses.


Paul looked into Miriam's eyes. She was pale and expectant
with wonderher lips were partedand her dark eyes lay open to him.
His look seemed to travel down into her. Her soul quivered.
It was the communion she wanted. He turned asideas if pained.
He turned to the bush.


They seem as if they walk like butterflies, and shake themselves,
he said.


She looked at her roses. They were whitesome incurved and holy
others expanded in an ecstasy. The tree was dark as a shadow.
She lifted her hand impulsively to the flowers; she went forward
and touched them in worship.


Let us go,he said.


There was a cool scent of ivory roses--a whitevirgin scent.
Something made him feel anxious and imprisoned. The two walked
in silence.


Till Sunday,he said quietlyand left her; and she walked
home slowlyfeeling her soul satisfied with the holiness of the night.
He stumbled down the path. And as soon as he was out of the wood



in the free open meadowwhere he could breathehe started to run
as fast as he could. It was like a delicious delirium in his veins.


Always when he went with Miriamand it grew rather latehe knew
his mother was fretting and getting angry about him--whyhe could
not understand. As he went into the houseflinging down his cap
his mother looked up at the clock. She had been sitting thinking
because a chill to her eyes prevented her reading. She could feel
Paul being drawn away by this girl. And she did not care for Miriam.
She is one of those who will want to suck a man's soul out till
he has none of his own left,she said to herself; "and he is just
such a gaby as to let himself be absorbed. She will never let him
become a man; she never will." Sowhile he was away with Miriam
Mrs. Morel grew more and more worked up.


She glanced at the clock and saidcoldly and rather tired:


You have been far enough to-night.


His soulwarm and exposed from contact with the girlshrank.


You must have been right home with her,his mother continued.


He would not answer. Mrs. Morellooking at him quickly
saw his hair was damp on his forehead with hastesaw him frowning
in his heavy fashionresentfully.


She must be wonderfully fascinating, that you can't get away
from her, but must go trailing eight miles at this time of night.


He was hurt between the past glamour with Miriam and the
knowledge that his mother fretted. He had meant not to say anything
to refuse to answer. But he could not harden his heart to ignore
his mother.


I DO like to talk to her,he answered irritably.


Is there nobody else to talk to?


You wouldn't say anything if I went with Edgar.


You know I should. You know, whoever you went with,
I should say it was too far for you to go trailing, late at night,
when you've been to Nottingham. Besides--her voice suddenly flashed
into anger and contempt--"it is disgusting--bits
of lads and girls courting."


It is NOT courting,he cried.


I don't know what else you call it.


It's not! Do you think we SPOON and do? We only talk.


Till goodness knows what time and distance,was the
sarcastic rejoinder.


Paul snapped at the laces of his boots angrily.


What are you so mad about?he asked. "Because you don't
like her."


I don't say I don't like her. But I don't hold with children
keeping company, and never did.



But you don't mind our Annie going out with Jim Inger.

They've more sense than you two.

Why?

Our Annie's not one of the deep sort.

He failed to see the meaning of this remark. But his mother
looked tired. She was never so strong after William's death;
and her eyes hurt her.

Well,he saidit's so pretty in the country. Mr. Sleath
asked about you. He said he'd missed you. Are you a bit better?

I ought to have been in bed a long time ago,she replied.

Why, mother, you know you wouldn't have gone before
quarter-past ten.

Oh, yes, I should!

Oh, little woman, you'd say anything now you're disagreeable
with me, wouldn't you?

He kissed her forehead that he knew so well: the deep marks
between the browsthe rising of the fine hairgreying nowand the
proud setting of the temples. His hand lingered on her shoulder
after his kiss. Then he went slowly to bed. He had forgotten Miriam;
he only saw how his mother's hair was lifted back from her warm
broad brow. And somehowshe was hurt.

Then the next time he saw Miriam he said to her:

Don't let me be late to-night--not later than ten o'clock. My
mother gets so upset.

Miriam dropped her beadbrooding.

Why does she get upset?she asked.

Because she says I oughtn't to be out late when I have to get
up early.

Very well!said Miriamrather quietlywith just a touch
of a sneer.

He resented that. And he was usually late again.

That there was any love growing between him and Miriam neither
of them would have acknowledged. He thought he was too sane for
such sentimentalityand she thought herself too lofty. They both were
late in coming to maturityand psychical ripeness was much behind
even the physical. Miriam was exceedingly sensitiveas her mother
had always been. The slightest grossness made her recoil almost
in anguish. Her brothers were brutalbut never coarse in speech.
The men did all the discussing of farm matters outside. Butperhaps
because of the continual business of birth and of begetting which goes
on upon every farmMiriam was the more hypersensitive to the matter
and her blood was chastened almost to disgust of the faintest
suggestion of such intercourse. Paul took his pitch from her
and their intimacy went on in an utterly blanched and chaste fashion.
It could never be mentioned that the mare was in foal.


When he was nineteenhe was earning only twenty shillings a week
but he was happy. His painting went welland life went well enough.
On the Good Friday he organised a walk to the Hemlock Stone.
There were three lads of his own agethen Annie and Arthur
Miriam and Geoffrey. Arthurapprenticed as an electrician
in Nottinghamwas home for the holiday. Morelas usualwas up early
whistling and sawing in the yard. At seven o'clock the family heard
him buy threepennyworth of hot-cross buns; he talked with gusto
to the little girl who brought themcalling her "my darling". He
turned away several boys who came with more bunstelling them
they had been "kested" by a little lass. Then Mrs. Morel got up
and the family straggled down. It was an immense luxury to everybody
this lying in bed just beyond the ordinary time on a weekday.
And Paul and Arthur read before breakfastand had the meal unwashed
sitting in their shirt-sleeves. This was another holiday luxury.
The room was warm. Everything felt free of care and anxiety.
There was a sense of plenty in the house.


While the boys were readingMrs. Morel went into the garden.
They were now in another housean old onenear the Scargill
Street homewhich had been left soon after William had died.
Directly came an excited cry from the garden:


Paul! Paul! come and look!


It was his mother's voice. He threw down his book and went out.
There was a long garden that ran to a field. It was a greycold day
with a sharp wind blowing out of Derbyshire. Two fields away
Bestwood beganwith a jumble of roofs and red house-endsout of which
rose the church tower and the spire of the Congregational Chapel.
And beyond went woods and hillsright away to the pale grey heights
of the Pennine Chain.


Paul looked down the garden for his mother. Her head appeared
among the young currant-bushes.


Come here!she cried.


What for?he answered.


Come and see.


She had been looking at the buds on the currant trees.
Paul went up.


To think,she saidthat here I might never have seen them!


Her son went to her side. Under the fencein a little bed
was a ravel of poor grassy leavessuch as come from very immature bulbs
and three scyllas in bloom. Mrs. Morel pointed to the deep blue flowers.


Now, just see those!she exclaimed. "I was looking at
the currant busheswhenthinks I to myself'There's something
very blue; is it a bit of sugar-bag?' and therebehold you!
Sugar-bag! Three glories of the snowand such beauties!
But where on earth did they come from?"


I don't know,said Paul.


Well, that's a marvel, now! I THOUGHT I knew every weed
and blade in this garden. But HAVEN'T they done well? You see,
that gooseberry-bush just shelters them. Not nipped, not touched!



He crouched down and turned up the bells of the little
blue flowers.


They're a glorious colour!he said.


Aren't they!she cried. "I guess they come from Switzerland
where they say they have such lovely things. Fancy them against
the snow! But where have they come from? They can't have BLOWN here
can they?"


Then he remembered having set here a lot of little trash
of bulbs to mature.


And you never told me,she said.


No! I thought I'd leave it till they might flower.


And now, you see! I might have missed them. And I've never
had a glory of the snow in my garden in my life.


She was full of excitement and elation. The garden was
an endless joy to her. Paul was thankful for her sake at last
to be in a house with a long garden that went down to a field.
Every morning after breakfast she went out and was happy pottering
about in it. And it was trueshe knew every weed and blade.


Everybody turned up for the walk. Food was packedand they
set offa merrydelighted party. They hung over the wall of the
mill-racedropped paper in the water on one side of the tunnel
and watched it shoot out on the other. They stood on the foot-bridge
over Boathouse Station and looked at the metals gleaming coldly.


You should see the Flying Scotsman come through at half-past six!
said Leonardwhose father was a signalman. "Ladbut she doesn't
half buzz!" and the little party looked up the lines one way
to Londonand the other wayto Scotlandand they felt the touch
of these two magical places.


In Ilkeston the colliers were waiting in gangs for the
public-houses to open. It was a town of idleness and lounging.
At Stanton Gate the iron foundry blazed. Over everything there were
great discussions. At Trowell they crossed again from Derbyshire
into Nottinghamshire. They came to the Hemlock Stone at dinner-time.
Its field was crowded with folk from Nottingham and Ilkeston.


They had expected a venerable and dignified monument.
They found a littlegnarledtwisted stump of rocksomething like a
decayed mushroomstanding out pathetically on the side of a field.
Leonard and Dick immediately proceeded to carve their initials
L. W.and "R. P."in the old red sandstone; but Paul desisted
because he had read in the newspaper satirical remarks about
initial-carverswho could find no other road to immortality.
Then all the lads climbed to the top of the rock to look round.


Everywhere in the field belowfactory girls and lads were eating
lunch or sporting about. Beyond was the garden of an old manor.
It had yew-hedges and thick clumps and borders
of yellow crocuses round the lawn.


See,said Paul to Miriamwhat a quiet garden!


She saw the dark yews and the golden crocusesthen she
looked gratefully. He had not seemed to belong to her among all
these others; he was different then--not her Paulwho understood



the slightest quiver of her innermost soulbut something else
speaking another language than hers. How it hurt herand deadened
her very perceptions. Only when he came right back to her
leaving his otherhis lesser selfas she thoughtwould she
feel alive again. And now he asked her to look at this garden
wanting the contact with her again. Impatient of the set in the field
she turned to the quiet lawnsurrounded by sheaves of shut-up crocuses.
A feeling of stillnessalmost of ecstasycame over her.
It felt almost as if she were alone with him in this garden.


Then he left her again and joined the others. Soon they
started home. Miriam loitered behindalone. She did not
fit in with the others; she could very rarely get into human
relations with anyone: so her friendher companionher lover
was Nature. She saw the sun declining wanly. In the dusky
cold hedgerows were some red leaves. She lingered to gather them
tenderlypassionately. The love in her finger-tips caressed
the leaves; the passion in her heart came to a glow upon the leaves.


Suddenly she realised she was alone in a strange road
and she hurried forward. Turning a corner in the laneshe came
upon Paulwho stood bent over somethinghis mind fixed on it
working away steadilypatientlya little hopelessly. She hesitated
in her approachto watch.


He remained concentrated in the middle of the road. Beyond
one rift of rich gold in that colourless grey evening seemed to make
him stand out in dark relief. She saw himslender and firm
as if the setting sun had given him to her. A deep pain took hold
of herand she knew she must love him. And she had discovered him
discovered in him a rare potentialitydiscovered his loneliness.
Quivering as at some "annunciation"she went slowly forward.


At last he looked up.


Why,he exclaimed gratefullyhave you waited for me!


She saw a deep shadow in his eyes.


What is it?she asked.


The spring broken here;and he showed her where his umbrella
was injured.


Instantlywith some shameshe knew he had not done
the damage himselfbut that Geoffrey was responsible.


It is only an old umbrella, isn't it?she asked.


She wondered why hewho did not usually trouble over trifles
made such a mountain of this molehill.


But it was William's an' my mother can't help but know,
he said quietlystill patiently working at the umbrella.


The words went through Miriam like a blade. Thisthenwas the
confirmation of her vision of him! She looked at him. But there
was about him a certain reserveand she dared not comfort him
not even speak softly to him.


Come on,he said. "I can't do it;" and they went in silence
along the road.


That same evening they were walking along under the trees



by Nether Green. He was talking to her fretfullyseemed to be
struggling to convince himself.


You know,he saidwith an effortif one person loves,
the other does.


Ah!she answered. "Like mother said to me when I was little
'Love begets love.'"


Yes, something like that, I think it MUST be.


I hope so, because, if it were not, love might be a very
terrible thing,she said.


Yes, but it IS--at least with most people,he answered.


And Miriamthinking he had assured himselffelt strong
in herself. She always regarded that sudden coming upon him
in the lane as a revelation. And this conversation remained
graven in her mind as one of the letters of the law.


Now she stood with him and for him. Whenabout this time
he outraged the family feeling at Willey Farm by some overbearing insult
she stuck to himand believed he was right. And at this time she
dreamed dreams of himvividunforgettable. These dreams came
again later ondeveloped to a more subtle psychological stage.


On the Easter Monday the same party took an excursion
to Wingfield Manor. It was great excitement to Miriam to catch a
train at Sethley Bridgeamid all the bustle of the Bank Holiday crowd.
They left the train at Alfreton. Paul was interested in the
street and in the colliers with their dogs. Here was a new race
of miners. Miriam did not live till they came to the church.
They were all rather timid of enteringwith their bags of food
for fear of being turned out. Leonarda comicthin fellow
went first; Paulwho would have died rather than be sent back
went last. The place was decorated for Easter. In the font hundreds
of white narcissi seemed to be growing. The air was dim and coloured
from the windows and thrilled with a subtle scent of lilies
and narcissi. In that atmosphere Miriam's soul came into a glow.
Paul was afraid of the things he mustn't do; and he was sensitive
to the feel of the place. Miriam turned to him. He answered.
They were together. He would not go beyond the Communion-rail. She
loved him for that. Her soul expanded into prayer beside him.
He felt the strange fascination of shadowy religious places.
All his latent mysticism quivered into life. She was drawn to him.
He was a prayer along with her.


Miriam very rarely talked to the other lads. They at once
became awkward in conversation with her. So usually she was silent.


It was past midday when they climbed the steep path to the manor.
All things shone softly in the sunwhich was wonderfully warm
and enlivening. Celandines and violets were out. Everybody was
tip-top full with happiness. The glitter of the ivythe soft
atmospheric grey of the castle wallsthe gentleness of everything
near the ruinwas perfect.


The manor is of hardpale grey stoneand the other walls
are blank and calm. The young folk were in raptures. They went
in trepidationalmost afraid that the delight of exploring this
ruin might be denied them. In the first courtyardwithin the high
broken wallswere farm-cartswith their shafts lying idle on
the groundthe tyres of the wheels brilliant with gold-red rust.



It was very still.


All eagerly paid their sixpencesand went timidly through
the fine clean arch of the inner courtyard. They were shy.
Here on the pavementwhere the hall had beenan old thorn tree
was budding. All kinds of strange openings and broken rooms were
in the shadow around them.


After lunch they set off once more to explore the ruin.
This time the girls went with the boyswho could act as guides
and expositors. There was one tall tower in a cornerrather tottering
where they say Mary Queen of Scots was imprisoned.


Think of the Queen going up here!said Miriam in a low voice
as she climbed the hollow stairs.


If she could get up,said Paulfor she had rheumatism
like anything. I reckon they treated her rottenly.


You don't think she deserved it?asked Miriam.


No, I don't. She was only lively.


They continued to mount the winding staircase. A high wind
blowing through the loopholeswent rushing up the shaft
and filled the girl's skirts like a balloonso that she was ashamed
until he took the hem of her dress and held it down for her.
He did it perfectly simplyas he would have picked up her glove.
She remembered this always.


Round the broken top of the tower the ivy bushed out
old and handsome. Alsothere were a few chill gillivers
in pale cold bud. Miriam wanted to lean over for some ivy
but he would not let her. Insteadshe had to wait behind him
and take from him each spray as he gathered it and held it to her
each one separatelyin the purest manner of chivalry. The tower
seemed to rock in the wind. They looked over miles and miles
of wooded countryand country with gleams of pasture.


The crypt underneath the manor was beautifuland in
perfect preservation. Paul made a drawing: Miriam stayed with him.
She was thinking of Mary Queen of Scots looking with her strained
hopeless eyesthat could not understand miseryover the hills
whence no help cameor sitting in this cryptbeing told of a God
as cold as the place she sat in.


They set off again gailylooking round on their beloved manor
that stood so clean and big on its hill.


Supposing you could have THAT farm,said Paul to Miriam.


Yes!


Wouldn't it be lovely to come and see you!


They were now in the bare country of stone wallswhich he loved
and whichthough only ten miles from homeseemed so foreign
to Miriam. The party was straggling. As they were crossing a
large meadow that sloped away from the sunalong a path embedded
with innumerable tiny glittering pointsPaulwalking
alongsidelaced his fingers in the strings of the bag Miriam
was carryingand instantly she felt Annie behindwatchful and jealous.
But the meadow was bathed in a glory of sunshineand the path
was jewelledand it was seldom that he gave her any sign.



She held her fingers very still among the strings of the bag
his fingers touching; and the place was golden as a vision.


At last they came into the straggling grey village of Crich
that lies high. Beyond the village was the famous Crich Stand
that Paul could see from the garden at home. The party pushed on.
Great expanse of country spread around and below. The lads were
eager to get to the top of the hill. It was capped by a round knoll
half of which was by now cut awayand on the top of which stood
an ancient monumentsturdy and squatfor signalling in old days far
down into the level lands of Nottinghamshire and Leicestershire.


It was blowing so hardhigh up there in the exposed place
that the only way to be safe was to stand nailed by the wind
to the wan of the tower. At their feet fell the precipice
where the limestone was quarried away. Below was a jumble of
hills and tiny villages--MattockAmbergateStoney Middleton.
The lads were eager to spy out the church of Bestwoodfar away
among the rather crowded country on the left. They were disgusted
that it seemed to stand on a plain. They saw the hills of Derbyshire
fall into the monotony of the Midlands that swept away South.


Miriam was somewhat scared by the windbut the lads enjoyed it.
They went onmiles and milesto Whatstandwell. All the food
was eateneverybody was hungryand there was very little money to get
home with. But they managed to procure a loaf and a currant-loaf
which they hacked to pieces with shut-knivesand ate sitting on
the wall near the bridgewatching the bright Derwent rushing by
and the brakes from Matlock pulling up at the inn.


Paul was now pale with weariness. He had been responsible
for the party all dayand now he was done. Miriam understood
and kept close to himand he left himself in her hands.


They had an hour to wait at Ambergate Station. Trains came
crowded with excursionists returning to ManchesterBirmingham
and London.


We might be going there--folk easily might think we're going
that far,said Paul.


They got back rather late. Miriamwalking home with Geoffrey
watched the moon rise big and red and misty. She felt something
was fulfilled in her.


She had an elder sisterAgathawho was a school-teacher.
Between the two girls was a feud. Miriam considered Agatha worldly.
And she wanted herself to be a school-teacher.


One Saturday afternoon Agatha and Miriam were upstairs dressing.
Their bedroom was over the stable. It was a low roomnot very large
and bare. Miriam had nailed on the wall a reproduction of Veronese's
St. Catherine. She loved the woman who sat in the windowdreaming.
Her own windows were too small to sit in. But the front one was
dripped over with honeysuckle and virginia creeperand looked
upon the tree-tops of the oak-wood across the yardwhile the
little back windowno bigger than a handkerchiefwas a loophole
to the eastto the dawn beating up against the beloved round hills.


The two sisters did not talk much to each other. Agatha
who was fair and small and determinedhad rebelled against
the home atmosphereagainst the doctrine of "the other cheek".
She was out in the world nowin a fair way to be independent.
And she insisted on worldly valueson appearanceon manners



on positionwhich Miriam would fain have ignored.

Both girls liked to be upstairsout of the waywhen Paul came.
They preferred to come running downopen the stair-foot door
and see him watchingexpectant of them. Miriam stood painfully
pulling over her head a rosary he had given her. It caught
in the fine mesh of her hair. But at last she had it onand the
red-brown wooden beads looked well against her cool brown neck.
She was a well-developed girland very handsome. But in the little
looking-glass nailed against the whitewashed wall she could only see
a fragment of herself at a time. Agatha had bought a little mirror
of her ownwhich she propped up to suit herself. Miriam was near
the window. Suddenly she heard the well-known click of the chain
and she saw Paul fling open the gatepush his bicycle into the yard.
She saw him look at the houseand she shrank away. He walked
in a nonchalant fashionand his bicycle went with him as if it
were a live thing.

Paul's come!she exclaimed.

Aren't you glad?said Agatha cuttingly.

Miriam stood still in amazement and bewilderment.

Well, aren't you?she asked.

Yes, but I'm not going to let him see it, and think I wanted him.

Miriam was startled. She heard him putting his bicycle in the
stable underneathand talking to Jimmywho had been a pit-horse
and who was seedy.

Well, Jimmy my lad, how are ter? Nobbut sick an'
sadly, like? Why, then, it's a shame, my owd lad.

She heard the rope run through the hole as the horse lifted its
head from the lad's caress. How she loved to listen when he thought
only the horse could hear. But there was a serpent in her Eden.
She searched earnestly in herself to see if she wanted Paul Morel.
She felt there would be some disgrace in it. Full of twisted feeling
she was afraid she did want him. She stood self-convicted. Then
came an agony of new shame. She shrank within herself in a coil
of torture. Did she want Paul Moreland did he know she wanted him?
What a subtle infamy upon her. She felt as if her whole soul coiled
into knots of shame.

Agatha was dressed firstand ran downstairs. Miriam heard
her greet the lad gailyknew exactly how brilliant her grey
eyes became with that tone. She herself would have felt it bold
to have greeted him in such wise. Yet there she stood under the
self-accusation of wanting himtied to that stake of torture.
In bitter perplexity she kneeled down and prayed:

O Lord, let me not love Paul Morel. Keep me from loving him,
if I ought not to love him.

Something anomalous in the prayer arrested her. She lifted
her head and pondered. How could it be wrong to love him? Love was
God's gift. And yet it caused her shame. That was because of him
Paul Morel. Butthenit was not his affairit was her own
between herself and God. She was to be a sacrifice. But it was
God's sacrificenot Paul Morel's or her own. After a few minutes
she hid her face in the pillow againand said:


But, Lord, if it is Thy will that I should love him,
make me love him--as Christ would, who died for the souls of men.
Make me love him splendidly, because he is Thy son.


She remained kneeling for some timequite stilland deeply moved
her black hair against the red squares and the lavender-sprigged
squares of the patchwork quilt. Prayer was almost essential to her.
Then she fell into that rapture of self-sacrifice
identifying herself with a God who was sacrificedwhich gives
to so many human souls their deepest bliss.


When she went downstairs Paul was lying back in an armchair
holding forth with much vehemence to Agathawho was scorning a little
painting he had brought to show her. Miriam glanced at the two
and avoided their levity. She went into the parlour to be alone.


It was tea-time before she was able to speak to Pauland then
her manner was so distant he thought he had offended her.


Miriam discontinued her practice of going each Thursday evening
to the library in Bestwood. After calling for Paul regularly
during the whole springa number of trifling incidents and tiny
insults from his family awakened her to their attitude towards her
and she decided to go no more. So she announced to Paul one evening
she would not call at his house again for him on Thursday nights.


Why?he askedvery short.


Nothing. Only I'd rather not.


Very well.


But,she falteredif you'd care to meet me, we could still
go together.


Meet you where?


Somewhere--where you like.


I shan't meet you anywhere. I don't see why you shouldn't
keep calling for me. But if you won't, I don't want to meet you.


So the Thursday evenings which had been so precious to her
and to himwere dropped. He worked instead. Mrs. Morel sniffed
with satisfaction at this arrangement.


He would not have it that they were lovers. The intimacy
between them had been kept so abstractsuch a matter of the soul
all thought and weary struggle into consciousnessthat he saw it only
as a platonic friendship. He stoutly denied there was anything else
between them. Miriam was silentor else she very quietly agreed.
He was a fool who did not know what was happening to himself.
By tacit agreement they ignored the remarks and insinuations of
their acquaintances.


We aren't lovers, we are friends,he said to her. "WE know it.
Let them talk. What does it matter what they say."


Sometimesas they were walking togethershe slipped her arm
timidly into his. But he always resented itand she knew it.
It caused a violent conflict in him. With Miriam he was always
on the high plane of abstractionwhen his natural fire of love was
transmitted into the fine stream of thought. She would have it so.
If he were jolly andas she put itflippantshe waited till he came



back to hertill the change had taken place in him againand he
was wrestling with his own soulfrowningpassionate in his desire
for understanding. And in this passion for understanding her soul
lay close to his; she had him all to herself. But he must be made
abstract first.


Thenif she put her arm in hisit caused him almost torture.
His consciousness seemed to split. The place where she was touching
him ran hot with friction. He was one internecine battleand he
became cruel to her because of it.


One evening in midsummer Miriam called at the house
warm from climbing. Paul was alone in the kitchen; his mother
could be heard moving about upstairs.


Come and look at the sweet-peas,he said to the girl.


They went into the garden. The sky behind the townlet and the
church was orange-red; the flower-garden was flooded with a strange
warm light that lifted every leaf into significance. Paul passed
along a fine row of sweet-peasgathering a blossom here and there
all cream and pale blue. Miriam followedbreathing the fragrance.
To herflowers appealed with such strength she felt she must
make them part of herself. When she bent and breathed a flower
it was as if she and the flower were loving each other. Paul hated
her for it. There seemed a sort of exposure about the action
something too intimate.


When he had got a fair bunchthey returned to the house.
He listened for a moment to his mother's quiet movement upstairs
then he said:


Come here, and let me pin them in for you.He arranged them
two or three at a time in the bosom of her dressstepping back
now and then to see the effect. "You know he said, taking the pin
out of his mouth, a woman ought always to arrange her flowers
before her glass."


Miriam laughed. She thought flowers ought to be pinned
in one's dress without any care. That Paul should take pains
to fix her flowers for her was his whim.


He was rather offended at her laughter.


Some women do--those who look decent,he said.


Miriam laughed againbut mirthlesslyto hear him thus mix
her up with women in a general way. From most men she would have
ignored it. But from him it hurt her.


He had nearly finished arranging the flowers when he heard
his mother's footstep on the stairs. Hurriedly he pushed
in the last pin and turned away.


Don't let mater know,he said.


Miriam picked up her books and stood in the doorway looking
with chagrin at the beautiful sunset. She would call for Paul
no moreshe said.


Good-evening, Mrs. Morel,she saidin a deferential way.
She sounded as if she felt she had no right to be there.



Oh, is it you, Miriam?replied Mrs. Morel coolly.


But Paul insisted on everybody's accepting his friendship
with the girland Mrs. Morel was too wise to have any open rupture.


It was not till he was twenty years old that the family could
ever afford to go away for a holiday. Mrs. Morel had never been away
for a holidayexcept to see her sistersince she had been married.
Now at last Paul had saved enough moneyand they were all going.
There was to be a party: some of Annie's friendsone friend of Paul's
a young man in the same office where William had previously been
and Miriam.


It was great excitement writing for rooms. Paul and his
mother debated it endlessly between them. They wanted a furnished
cottage for two weeks. She thought one week would be enough
but he insisted on two.


At last they got an answer from Mablethorpea cottage such as they
wished for thirty shillings a week. There was immense jubilation.
Paul was wild with joy for his mother's sake. She would have
a real holiday now. He and she sat at evening picturing what it
would be like. Annie came inand Leonardand Aliceand Kitty.
There was wild rejoicing and anticipation. Paul told Miriam.
She seemed to brood with joy over it. But the Morel's house rang
with excitement.


They were to go on Saturday morning by the seven train.
Paul suggested that Miriam should sleep at his housebecause it
was so far for her to walk. She came down for supper.
Everybody was so excited that even Miriam was accepted with warmth.
But almost as soon as she entered the feeling in the family became close and tight.
He had discovered a poem by Jean Ingelow which mentioned Mablethorpe
and so he must read it to Miriam. He would never have got so far in
the direction of sentimentality as to read poetry to his own family.
But now they condescended to listen. Miriam sat on the sofa
absorbed in him. She always seemed absorbed in himand by him
when he was present. Mrs. Morel sat jealously in her own chair.
She was going to hear also. And even Annie and the father attended
Morel with his head cocked on one sidelike somebody listening
to a sermon and feeling conscious of the fact. Paul ducked his head
over the book. He had got now all the audience he cared for.
And Mrs. Morel and Annie almost contested with Miriam who should listen
best and win his favour. He was in very high feather.


But,interrupted Mrs. Morelwhat IS the 'Bride of Enderby'
that the bells are supposed to ring?


It's an old tune they used to play on the bells for a warning
against water. I suppose the Bride of Enderby was drowned in a flood,
he replied. He had not the faintest knowledge what it really was
but he would never have sunk so low as to confess that to his womenfolk.
They listened and believed him. He believed himself.


And the people knew what that tune meant?said his mother.


Yes--just like the Scotch when they heard 'The Flowers o'
the Forest'--and when they used to ring the bells backward for alarm.


How?said Annie. "A bell sounds the same whether it's rung
backwards or forwards."


But,he saidif you start with the deep bell and ring up
to the high one--der--der--der--der--der--der--der--der!



He ran up the scale. Everybody thought it clever. He thought
so too. Thenwaiting a minutehe continued the poem.

Hm!said Mrs. Morel curiouslywhen he finished. "But I
wish everything that's written weren't so sad."

I canna see what they want drownin' theirselves for,
said Morel.

There was a pause. Annie got up to clear the table.

Miriam rose to help with the pots.

Let ME help to wash up,she said.

Certainly not,cried Annie. "You sit down again.
There aren't many."

And Miriamwho could not be familiar and insistsat down
again to look at the book with Paul.

He was master of the party; his father was no good. And great
tortures he suffered lest the tin box should be put out at Firsby
instead of at Mablethorpe. And he wasn't equal to getting a carriage.
His bold little mother did that.

Here!she cried to a man. "Here!"

Paul and Annie got behind the restconvulsed with shamed laughter.

How much will it be to drive to Brook Cottage?said Mrs. Morel.

Two shillings.

Why, how far is it?

A good way.

I don't believe it,she said.

But she scrambled in. There were eight crowded in one old
seaside carriage.

You see,said Mrs. Morelit's only threepence each,
and if it were a tramcar---

They drove along. Each cottage they came toMrs. Morel cried:

Is it this? Now, this is it!

Everybody sat breathless. They drove past. There was
a universal sigh.

I'm thankful it wasn't that brute,said Mrs. Morel.
I WAS frightened.They drove on and on.

At last they descended at a house that stood alone over
the dyke by the highroad. There was wild excitement because they
had to cross a little bridge to get into the front garden.
But they loved the house that lay so solitarywith a sea-meadow
on one sideand immense expanse of land patched in white barley
yellow oatsred wheatand green root-cropsflat and stretching
level to the sky.


Paul kept accounts. He and his mother ran the show.
The total expenses--lodgingfoodeverything--was sixteen shillings
a week per person. He and Leonard went bathing in the mornings.
Morel was wandering abroad quite early.


You, Paul,his mother called from the bedroomeat a piece
of bread-and-butter.


All right,he answered.


And when he got back he saw his mother presiding in state at
the breakfast-table. The woman of the house was young. Her husband
was blindand she did laundry work. So Mrs. Morel always washed
the pots in the kitchen and made the beds.


But you said you'd have a real holiday,said Pauland now
you work.


Work!she exclaimed. "What are you talking about!"


He loved to go with her across the fields to the village
and the sea. She was afraid of the plank bridgeand he abused her
for being a baby. On the whole he stuck to her as if he were HER man.


Miriam did not get much of himexceptperhapswhen all the
others went to the "Coons". Coons were insufferably stupid to Miriam
so he thought they were to himself alsoand he preached priggishly
to Annie about the fatuity of listening to them. Yet hetoo
knew all their songsand sang them along the roads roisterously.
And if he found himself listeningthe stupidity pleased him very much.
Yet to Annie he said:


Such rot! there isn't a grain of intelligence in it. Nobody with
more gumption than a grasshopper could go and sit and listen.
And to Miriam he saidwith much scorn of Annie and the others:
I suppose they're at the 'Coons'.


It was queer to see Miriam singing coon songs. She had a straight
chin that went in a perpendicular line from the lower lip to the turn.
She always reminded Paul of some sad Botticelli angel when she sang
even when it was:


Come down lover's lane
For a walk with me, talk with me.


Only when he sketchedor at evening when the others were at
the "Coons"she had him to herself. He talked to her endlessly
about his love of horizontals: how theythe great levels of sky
and land in Lincolnshiremeant to him the eternality of the will
just as the bowed Norman arches of the churchrepeating themselves
meant the dogged leaping forward of the persistent human soul
on and onnobody knows where; in contradiction to the perpendicular
lines and to the Gothic archwhichhe saidleapt up at heaven and
touched the ecstasy and lost itself in the divine. Himselfhe said
was NormanMiriam was Gothic. She bowed in consent even to that.

One evening he and she went up the great sweeping shore
of sand towards Theddlethorpe. The long breakers plunged and ran
in a hiss of foam along the coast. It was a warm evening.
There was not a figure but themselves on the far reaches of sand
no noise but the sound of the sea. Paul loved to see it clanging
at the land. He loved to feel himself between the noise of it
and the silence of the sandy shore. Miriam was with him.


Everything grew very intense. It was quite dark when they
turned again. The way home was through a gap in the sandhills
and then along a raised grass road between two dykes. The country
was black and still. From behind the sandhills came the whisper
of the sea. Paul and Miriam walked in silence. Suddenly he started.
The whole of his blood seemed to burst into flameand he could
scarcely breathe. An enormous orange moon was staring at them
from the rim of the sandhills. He stood stilllooking at it.

Ah!cried Miriamwhen she saw it.

He remained perfectly stillstaring at the immense and ruddy
moonthe only thing in the far-reaching darkness of the level.
His heart beat heavilythe muscles of his arms contracted.

What is it?murmured Miriamwaiting for him.

He turned and looked at her. She stood beside himfor ever
in shadow. Her facecovered with the darkness of her hatwas watching
him unseen. But she was brooding. She was slightly afraid--deeply
moved and religious. That was her best state. He was impotent
against it. His blood was concentrated like a flame in his chest.
But he could not get across to her. There were flashes in his blood.
But somehow she ignored them. She was expecting some religious
state in him. Still yearningshe was half aware of his passion
and gazed at himtroubled.

What is it?she murmured again.

It's the moon,he answeredfrowning.

Yes,she assented. "Isn't it wonderful?" She was curious
about him. The crisis was past.

He did not know himself what was the matter. He was naturally
so youngand their intimacy was so abstracthe did not know he
wanted to crush her on to his breast to ease the ache there.
He was afraid of her. The fact that he might want her as a man wants
a woman had in him been suppressed into a shame. When she shrank
in her convulsedcoiled torture from the thought of such
a thinghe had winced to the depths of his soul. And now this
purityprevented even their first love-kiss. It was as if she could
scarcely stand the shock of physical loveeven a passionate kiss
and then he was too shrinking and sensitive to give it.

As they walked along the dark fen-meadow he watched the moon
and did not speak. She plodded beside him. He hated herfor she
seemed in some way to make him despise himself. Looking ahead--he saw
the one light in the darknessthe window of their lamp-lit cottage.

He loved to think of his motherand the other jolly people.

Well, everybody else has been in long ago!said his mother
as they entered.

What does that matter!he cried irritably. "I can go a walk
if I likecan't I?"

And I should have thought you could get in to supper with
the rest,said Mrs. Morel.

I shall please myself,he retorted. "It's not LATE.
I shall do as I like."


Very well,said his mother cuttinglythen DO as you like.
And she took no further notice of him that evening. Which he
pretended neither to notice nor to care aboutbut sat reading.
Miriam read alsoobliterating herself. Mrs. Morel hated her
for making her son like this. She watched Paul growing irritable
priggishand melancholic. For this she put the blame on Miriam.
Annie and all her friends joined against the girl. Miriam had no
friend of her ownonly Paul. But she did not suffer so much
because she despised the triviality of these other people.

And Paul hated her becausesomehowshe spoilt his ease
and naturalness. And he writhed himself with a feeling of humiliation.

CHAPTER VIII

STRIFE IN LOVE

ARTHUR finished his apprenticeshipand got a job on the electrical
plant at Minton Pit. He earned very littlebut had a good chance
of getting on. But he was wild and restless. He did not drink
nor gamble. Yet he somehow contrived to get into endless scrapes
always through some hot-headed thoughtlessness. Either he went
rabbiting in the woodslike a poacheror he stayed in Nottingham
all night instead of coming homeor he miscalculated his dive
into the canal at Bestwoodand scored his chest into one mass
of wounds on the raw stones and tins at the bottom.

He had not been at his work many months when again he did
not come home one night.

Do you know where Arthur is?asked Paul at breakfast.

I do not,replied his mother.

He is a fool,said Paul. "And if he DID anything I
shouldn't mind. But nohe simply can't come away from a game
of whistor else he must see a girl home from the skating-rink--quite
proprietously--and so can't get home. He's a fool."

I don't know that it would make it any better if he did
something to make us all ashamed,said Mrs. Morel.

Well, I should respect him more,said Paul.

I very much doubt it,said his mother coldly.

They went on with breakfast.

Are you fearfully fond of him?Paul asked his mother.

What do you ask that for?

Because they say a woman always like the youngest best.

She may do--but I don't. No, he wearies me.

And you'd actually rather he was good?

I'd rather he showed some of a man's common sense.

Paul was raw and irritable. He also wearied his mother very often.
She saw the sunshine going out of himand she resented it.


As they were finishing breakfast came the postman with a letter
from Derby. Mrs. Morel screwed up her eyes to look at the address.


Give it here, blind eye!exclaimed her sonsnatching it
away from her.


She startedand almost boxed his ears.


It's from your son, Arthur,he said.


What now---!cried Mrs. Morel.


'My dearest Mother,'Paul read'I don't know what made
me such a fool. I want you to come and fetch me back from here.
I came with Jack Bredon yesterday, instead of going to work,
and enlisted. He said he was sick of wearing the seat of a stool out,
and, like the idiot you know I am, I came away with him.


'I have taken the King's shillingbut perhaps if you
came for me they would let me go back with you. I was a fool
when I did it. I don't want to be in the army. My dear mother
I am nothing but a trouble to you. But if you get me out of this
I promise I will have more sense and consideration. . . .'"


Mrs. Morel sat down in her rocking-chair.


Well, NOW,she criedlet him stop!


Yes,said Paullet him stop.


There was silence. The mother sat with her hands folded
in her apronher face setthinking.


If I'm not SICK!she cried suddenly. "Sick!"


Now,said Paulbeginning to frownyou're not going
to worry your soul out about this, do you hear.


I suppose I'm to take it as a blessing,she flashed
turning on her son.


You're not going to mount it up to a tragedy, so there,
he retorted.


The FOOL!--the young fool!she cried.


He'll look well in uniform,said Paul irritatingly.


His mother turned on him like a fury.


Oh, will he!she cried. "Not in my eyes!"


He should get in a cavalry regiment; he'll have the time
of his life, and will look an awful swell.


Swell!--SWELL!--a mighty swell idea indeed!--a common soldier!


Well,said Paulwhat am I but a common clerk?


A good deal, my boy!cried his motherstung.


What?



At any rate, a MAN, and not a thing in a red coat.


I shouldn't mind being in a red coat--or dark blue, that would
suit me better--if they didn't boss me about too much.


But his mother had ceased to listen.


Just as he was getting on, or might have been getting on,
at his job--a young nuisance--here he goes and ruins himself for life.
What good will he be, do you think, after THIS?


It may lick him into shape beautifully,said Paul.


Lick him into shape!--lick what marrow there WAS out of his bones.
A SOLDIER!--a common SOLDIER!--nothing but a body that makes movements
when it hears a shout! It's a fine thing!


I can't understand why it upsets you,said Paul.


No, perhaps you can't. But I understand; and she sat back
in her chairher chin in one handholding her elbow with the other
brimmed up with wrath and chagrin.


And shall you go to Derby?asked Paul.


Yes.
It's no good.


I'll see for myself.


And why on earth don't you let him stop. It's just what
he wants.
Of course,cried the motherYOU know what he wants!


She got ready and went by the first train to Derbywhere she
saw her son and the sergeant. It washoweverno good.

When Morel was having his dinner in the eveningshe said suddenly:

I've had to go to Derby to-day.
The miner turned up his eyesshowing the whites in his black face.


Has ter, lass. What took thee there?
That Arthur!


Oh--an' what's agate now?
He's only enlisted.


Morel put down his knife and leaned back in his chair.
Nay,he saidthat he niver 'as!


And is going down to Aldershot tomorrow.


Well!exclaimed the miner. "That's a winder." He considered
it a momentsaid "H'm!" and proceeded with his dinner. Suddenly his
face contracted with wrath. "I hope he may never set foot i'
my house again he said.


The idea!" cried Mrs. Morel. "Saying such a thing!"


I do,repeated Morel. "A fool as runs away for a soldier
let 'im look after 'issen; I s'll do no more for 'im."
A fat sight you have done as it is,she said.
And Morel was almost ashamed to go to his public-house


that evening.
Well, did you go?said Paul to his mother when he came home.
I did.
And could you see him?
Yes.
And what did he say?
He blubbered when I came away.
H'm!
And so did I, so you needn't 'h'm'!
Mrs. Morel fretted after her son. She knew he would not


like the army. He did not. The discipline was intolerable to him.
But the doctor,she said with some pride to Paulsaid he


was perfectly proportioned--almost exactly; all his measurements
were correct. He IS good-looking, you know.
He's awfully nice-looking. But he doesn't fetch the girls


like William, does he?


No; it's a different character. He's a good deal like
his father, irresponsible.
To console his motherPaul did not go much to Willey


Farm at this time. And in the autumn exhibition of students'


work in the Castle he had two studiesa landscape in water-colour


and a still life in oilboth of which had first-prize awards.


He was highly excited.

What do you think I've got for my pictures, mother?he asked
coming home one evening. She saw by his eyes he was glad.
Her face flushed.

Now, how should I know, my boy!

A first prize for those glass jars---

H'm!

And a first prize for that sketch up at Willey Farm.

Both first?

Yes.

H'm!

There was a rosybright look about herthough she said nothing.


It's nice,he saidisn't it?

It is.

Why don't you praise me up to the skies?

She laughed.

I should have the trouble of dragging you down again,
she said.


But she was full of joynevertheless. William had brought
her his sporting trophies. She kept them stilland she did not
forgive his death. Arthur was handsome--at leasta good specimen--and warm
and generousand probably would do well in the end. But Paul
was going to distinguish himself. She had a great belief in him
the more because he was unaware of his own powers. There was
so much to come out of him. Life for her was rich with promise.
She was to see herself fulfilled. Not for nothing had been
her struggle.


Several times during the exhibition Mrs. Morel went to the
Castle unknown to Paul. She wandered down the long room looking
at the other exhibits. Yesthey were good. But they had not in
them a certain something which she demanded for her satisfaction.
Some made her jealousthey were so good. She looked at them
a long time trying to find fault with them. Then suddenly she
had a shock that made her heart beat. There hung Paul's picture!
She knew it as if it were printed on her heart.


Name--Paul Morel--First Prize.


It looked so strangethere in publicon the walls of the
Castle gallerywhere in her lifetime she had seen so many pictures.
And she glanced round to see if anyone had noticed her again in front
of the same sketch.


But she felt a proud woman. When she met well-dressed ladies
going home to the Parkshe thought to herself:


Yes, you look very well--but I wonder if YOUR son has two
first prizes in the Castle.


And she walked onas proud a little woman as any in Nottingham.
And Paul felt he had done something for herif only a trifle.
All his work was hers.


One dayas he was going up Castle Gatehe met Miriam. He had
seen her on the Sundayand had not expected to meet her in town.
She was walking with a rather striking womanblondewith a sullen
expressionand a defiant carriage. It was strange how Miriam
in her bowedmeditative bearinglooked dwarfed beside this woman
with the handsome shoulders. Miriam watched Paul searchingly.
His gaze was on the strangerwho ignored him. The girl saw his
masculine spirit rear its head.


Hello!he saidyou didn't tell me you were coming to town.


No,replied Miriamhalf apologetically. "I drove
in to Cattle Market with father."


He looked at her companion.



I've told you about Mrs. Dawes,said Miriam huskily;
she was nervous. "Clarado you know Paul?"

I think I've seen him before,replied Mrs. Dawes indifferently
as she shook hands with him. She had scornful grey eyesa skin
like white honeyand a full mouthwith a slightly lifted upper
lip that did not know whether it was raised in scorn of all men
or out of eagerness to be kissedbut which believed the former.
She carried her head backas if she had drawn away in contempt
perhaps from men also. She wore a largedowdy hat of black beaver
and a sort of slightly affected simple dress that made her look
rather sack-like. She was evidently poorand had not much taste.
Miriam usually looked nice.

Where have you seen me?Paul asked of the woman.

She looked at him as if she would not trouble to answer. Then:

Walking with Louie Travers,she said.

Louie was one of the "Spiral" girls.

Why, do you know her?he asked.

She did not answer. He turned to Miriam.

Where are you going?he asked.

To the Castle.

What train are you going home by?

I am driving with father. I wish you could come too.
What time are you free?

You know not till eight to-night, damn it!

And directly the two women moved on.

Paul remembered that Clara Dawes was the daughter of an old
friend of Mrs. Leivers. Miriam had sought her out because she
had once been Spiral overseer at Jordan'sand because her husband
Baxter Daweswas smith for the factorymaking the irons for
cripple instrumentsand so on. Through her Miriam felt she got
into direct contact with Jordan'sand could estimate better
Paul's position. But Mrs. Dawes was separated from her husband
and had taken up Women's Rights. She was supposed to be clever.
It interested Paul.

Baxter Dawes he knew and disliked. The smith was a man
of thirty-one or thirty-two. He came occasionally through Paul's
corner--a bigwell-set manalso striking to look atand handsome.
There was a peculiar similarity between himself and his wife.
He had the same white skinwith a cleargolden tinge. His hair
was of soft brownhis moustache was golden. And he had a similar
defiance in his bearing and manner. But then came the difference.
His eyesdark brown and quick-shiftingwere dissolute.
They protruded very slightlyand his eyelids hung over them in a
way that was half hate. His mouthtoowas sensual. His whole
manner was of cowed defianceas if he were ready to knock anybody
down who disapproved of him--perhaps because he really disapproved
of himself.

From the first day he had hated Paul. Finding the lad's impersonal


deliberate gaze of an artist on his facehe got into a fury.

What are yer lookin' at?he sneeredbullying.

The boy glanced away. But the smith used to stand behind
the counter and talk to Mr. Pappleworth. His speech was dirty
with a kind of rottenness. Again he found the youth with his cool
critical gaze fixed on his face. The smith started round as if he
had been stung.


What'r yer lookin' at, three hap'orth o' pap?he snarled.


The boy shrugged his shoulders slightly.


Why yer---!shouted Dawes.


Leave him alone,said Mr. Pappleworthin that insinuating
voice which meansHe's only one of your good little sops who can't
help it.


Since that time the boy used to look at the man every time
he came through with the same curious criticismglancing away
before he met the smith's eye. It made Dawes furious. They hated
each other in silence.


Clara Dawes had no children. When she had left her husband the
home had been broken upand she had gone to live with her mother.
Dawes lodged with his sister. In the same house was a sister-in-lawand
somehow Paul knew that this girlLouie Traverswas now Dawes's woman.
She was a handsomeinsolent hussywho mocked at the youthand yet
flushed if he walked along to the station with her as she went home.


The next time he went to see Miriam it was Saturday evening.
She had a fire in the parlourand was waiting for him. The others
except her father and mother and the young childrenhad gone out
so the two had the parlour together. It was a longlowwarm room.
There were three of Paul's small sketches on the walland his photo was
on the mantelpiece. On the table and on the high old
rosewood piano were bowls of coloured leaves. He sat in the armchair
she crouched on the hearthrug near his feet. The glow was warm
on her handsomepensive face as she kneeled there like a devotee.


What did you think of Mrs. Dawes?she asked quietly.


She doesn't look very amiable,he replied.


No, but don't you think she's a fine woman?she said
in a deep tone


Yes--in stature. But without a grain of taste. I like her
for some things. IS she disagreeable?


I don't think so. I think she's dissatisfied.


What with?


Well--how would you like to be tied for life to a man like that?


Why did she marry him, then, if she was to have revulsions
so soon?


Ay, why did she!repeated Miriam bitterly.


And I should have thought she had enough fight in her



to match him,he said.

Miriam bowed her head.

Ay?she queried satirically. "What makes you think so?"

Look at her mouth--made for passion--and the very setback
of her throat---He threw his head back in Clara's defiant manner.


Miriam bowed a little lower.


Yes,she said.


There was a silence for some momentswhile he thought of Clara.


And what were the things you liked about her?she asked.


I don't know--her skin and the texture of her--and her--I don't
know--there's a sort of fierceness somewhere in her. I appreciate
her as an artist, that's all.


Yes.


He wondered why Miriam crouched there brooding in that strange way.
It irritated him.


You don't really like her, do you?he asked the girl.


She looked at him with her greatdazzled dark eyes.


I do,she said.


You don't--you can't--not really.


Then what?she asked slowly.


Eh, I don't know--perhaps you like her because she's got a grudge
against men.


That was more probably one of his own reasons for liking
Mrs. Dawesbut this did not occur to him. They were silent.
There had come into his forehead a knitting of the brows which was
becoming habitual with himparticularly when he was with Miriam.
She longed to smooth it awayand she was afraid of it. It seemed
the stamp of a man who was not her man in Paul Morel.


There were some crimson berries among the leaves in the bowl.
He reached over and pulled out a bunch.


If you put red berries in your hair,he saidwhy would
you look like some witch or priestess, and never like a reveller?


She laughed with a nakedpainful sound.


I don't know,she said.


His vigorous warm hands were playing excitedly with the berries.


Why can't you laugh?he said. "You never laugh laughter.
You only laugh when something is odd or incongruousand then it
almost seems to hurt you."


She bowed her head as if he were scolding her.



I wish you could laugh at me just for one minute--just
for one minute. I feel as if it would set something free.


But--and she looked up at him with eyes frightened
and struggling--"I do laugh at you--I DO."


Never! There's always a kind of intensity. When you laugh
I could always cry; it seems as if it shows up your suffering.
Oh, you make me knit the brows of my very soul and cogitate.


Slowly she shook her head despairingly.


I'm sure I don't want to,she said.


I'm so damned spiritual with YOU always!he cried.


She remained silentthinkingThen why don't you be otherwise.
But he saw her crouchingbrooding figureand it seemed to tear
him in two.


But, there, it's autumn,he saidand everybody feels
like a disembodied spirit then.


There was still another silence. This peculiar sadness
between them thrilled her soul. He seemed so beautiful with his
eyes gone darkand looking as if they were deep as the deepest well.


You make me so spiritual!he lamented. "And I don't want
to be spiritual."


She took her finger from her mouth with a little popand looked
up at him almost challenging. But still her soul was naked in her
great dark eyesand there was the same yearning appeal upon her.
If he could have kissed her in abstract purity he would have done so.
But he could not kiss her thus--and she seemed to leave no other way.
And she yearned to him.


He gave a brief laugh.


Well,he saidget that French and we'll do some--some Verlaine.


Yes,she said in a deep tonealmost of resignation.
And she rose and got the books. And her rather rednervous hands
looked so pitifulhe was mad to comfort her and kiss her. But then
be dared not--or could not. There was something prevented him.
His kisses were wrong for her. They continued the reading till ten
o'clockwhen they went into the kitchenand Paul was natural and jolly
again with the father and mother. His eyes were dark and shining;
there was a kind of fascination about him.


When he went into the barn for his bicycle he found the front
wheel punctured.


Fetch me a drop of water in a bowl,he said to her.
I shall be late, and then I s'll catch it.


He lighted the hurricane lamptook off his coatturned up
the bicycleand set speedily to work. Miriam came with the bowl
of water and stood close to himwatching. She loved to see
his hands doing things. He was slim and vigorouswith a kind
of easiness even in his most hasty movements. And busy at his work
he seemed to forget her. She loved him absorbedly. She wanted
to run her hands down his sides. She always wanted to embrace him
so long as he did not want her.



There!he saidrising suddenly. "Nowcould you have done
it quicker?"

No!she laughed.

He straightened himself. His back was towards her. She put
her two hands on his sidesand ran them quickly down.

You are so FINE!she said.

He laughedhating her voicebut his blood roused to a wave
of flame by her hands. She did not seem to realise HIM in all this.
He might have been an object. She never realised the male he was.

He lighted his bicycle-lampbounced the machine on the barn
floor to see that the tyres were soundand buttoned his coat.

That's all right!he said.

She was trying the brakesthat she knew were broken.

Did you have them mended?she asked.

No!

But why didn't you?

The back one goes on a bit.

But it's not safe.

I can use my toe.

I wish you'd had them mended,she murmured.

Don't worry--come to tea tomorrow, with Edgar.

Shall we?

Do--about four. I'll come to meet you.

Very well.

She was pleased. They went across the dark yard to the gate.
Looking acrosshe saw through the uncurtained window of the
kitchen the heads of Mr. and Mrs. Leivers in the warm glow.
It looked very cosy. The roadwith pine treeswas quite black
in front.

Till tomorrow,he saidjumping on his bicycle.

You'll take care, won't you?she pleaded.

Yes.

His voice already came out of the darkness. She stood a moment
watching the light from his lamp race into obscurity along the ground.
She turned very slowly indoors. Orion was wheeling up over the wood
his dog twinkling after himhalf smothered. For the rest the world
was full of darknessand silentsave for the breathing of cattle
in their stalls. She prayed earnestly for his safety that night.
When he left hershe often lay in anxietywondering if he had got
home safely.


He dropped down the hills on his bicycle. The roads were greasy
so he had to let it go. He felt a pleasure as the machine plunged
over the secondsteeper drop in the hill. "Here goes!" he said.
It was riskybecause of the curve in the darkness at the bottom
and because of the brewers' waggons with drunken waggoners asleep.
His bicycle seemed to fall beneath himand he loved it.
Recklessness is almost a man's revenge on his woman.
He feels he is not valuedso he will risk destroying himself to
deprive her altogether.


The stars on the lake seemed to leap like grasshoppers
silver upon the blacknessas he spun past. Then there was the long
climb home.


See, mother!he saidas he threw her the berries and leaves
on to the table.


H'm!she saidglancing at themthen away again.
She sat readingaloneas she always did.


Aren't they pretty?


Yes.


He knew she was cross with him. After a few minutes he said:


Edgar and Miriam are coming to tea tomorrow.


She did not answer.


You don't mind?


Still she did not answer.


Do you?he asked.


You know whether I mind or not.


I don't see why you should. I have plenty of meals there.


You do.


Then why do you begrudge them tea?


I begrudge whom tea?


What are you so horrid for?


Oh, say no more! You've asked her to tea, it's quite sufficient.
She'll come.


He was very angry with his mother. He knew it was merely
Miriam she objected to. He flung off his boots and went to bed.


Paul went to meet his friends the next afternoon. He was glad
to see them coming. They arrived home at about four o'clock.
Everywhere was clean and still for Sunday afternoon. Mrs. Morel sat
in her black dress and black apron. She rose to meet the visitors.
With Edgar she was cordialbut with Miriam cold and rather grudging.
Yet Paul thought the girl looked so nice in her brown cashmere frock.


He helped his mother to get the tea ready. Miriam would have
gladly profferedbut was afraid. He was rather proud of his home.



There was about it nowhe thoughta certain distinction.
The chairs were only woodenand the sofa was old. But the hearthrug
and cushions were cosy; the pictures were prints in good taste;
there was a simplicity in everythingand plenty of books.
He was never ashamed in the least of his homenor was Miriam
of hersbecause both were what they should beand warm.
And then he was proud of the table; the china was pretty
the cloth was fine. It did not matter that the spoons were not
silver nor the knives ivory-handled; everything looked nice.
Mrs. Morel had managed wonderfully while her children were growing up
so that nothing was out of place.


Miriam talked books a little. That was her unfailing topic.
But Mrs. Morel was not cordialand turned soon to Edgar.


At first Edgar and Miriam used to go into Mrs. Morel's pew.
Morel never went to chapelpreferring the public-house. Mrs. Morel
like a little championsat at the head of her pewPaul at the other end;
and at first Miriam sat next to him. Then the chapel was like home.
It was a pretty placewith dark pews and slimelegant pillars
and flowers. And the same people had sat in the same places ever
since he was a boy. It was wonderfully sweet and soothing to sit
there for an hour and a halfnext to Miriamand near to his mother
uniting his two loves under the spell of the place of worship.
Then he felt warm and happy and religious at once. And after
chapel he walked home with Miriamwhilst Mrs. Morel spent the rest
of the evening with her old friendMrs. Burns. He was keenly
alive on his walks on Sunday nights with Edgar and Miriam.
He never went past the pits at nightby the lighted lamp-house
the tall black headstocks and lines of truckspast the fans spinning
slowly like shadowswithout the feeling of Miriam returning to him
keen and almost unbearable.


She did not very long occupy the Morels' pew. Her father took
one for themselves once more. It was under the little gallery
opposite the Morels'. When Paul and his mother came in the chapel
the Leivers's pew was always empty. He was anxious for fear she would
not come: it was so farand there were so many rainy Sundays.
Thenoften very late indeedshe came inwith her long stride
her head bowedher face hidden under her bat of dark green velvet.
Her faceas she sat oppositewas always in shadow. But it gave
him a very keen feelingas if all his soul stirred within him
to see her there. It was not the same glowhappinessand pride
that he felt in having his mother in charge: something more
wonderfulless humanand tinged to intensity by a pain
as if there were something he could not get to.


At this time he was beginning to question the orthodox creed.
He was twenty-oneand she was twenty. She was beginning
to dread the spring: he became so wildand hurt her so much.
All the way he went cruelly smashing her beliefs. Edgar enjoyed it.
He was by nature critical and rather dispassionate. But Miriam
suffered exquisite painaswith an intellect like a knifethe man
she loved examined her religion in which she lived and moved and had
her being. But he did not spare her. He was cruel. And when they
went alone he was even more fierceas if he would kill her soul.
He bled her beliefs till she almost lost consciousness.


She exults--she exults as she carries him off from me,
Mrs. Morel cried in her heart when Paul had gone. "She's not
like an ordinary womanwho can leave me my share in him.
She wants to absorb him. She wants to draw him out and absorb
him till there is nothing left of himeven for himself.
He will never be a man on his own feet--she will suck him up."



So the mother satand battled and brooded bitterly.

And hecoming home from his walks with Miriamwas wild
with torture. He walked biting his lips and with clenched fists
going at a great rate. Thenbrought up against a stilehe stood for
some minutesand did not move. There was a great hollow of darkness
fronting himand on the black upslopes patches of tiny lights
and in the lowest trough of the nighta flare of the pit.
It was all weird and dreadful. Why was he torn soalmost bewildered
and unable to move? Why did his mother sit at home and suffer?
He knew she suffered badly. But why should she? And why did
he hate Miriamand feel so cruel towards herat the thought
of his mother. If Miriam caused his mother sufferingthen he
hated her--and he easily hated her. Why did she make him feel
as if he were uncertain of himselfinsecurean indefinite thing
as if he had not sufficient sheathing to prevent the night and the
space breaking into him? How he hated her! And thenwhat a rush
of tenderness and humility!

Suddenly he plunged on againrunning home. His mother
saw on him the marks of some agonyand she said nothing.
But he had to make her talk to him. Then she was angry with him
for going so far with Miriam.

Why don't you like her, mother?he cried in despair.

I don't know, my boy,she replied piteously. "I'm sure I've
tried to like her. I've tried and triedbut I can't--I can't!"

And he felt dreary and hopeless between the two.

Spring was the worst time. He was changeableand intense
and cruel. So he decided to stay away from her. Then came the
hours when he knew Miriam was expecting him. His mother watched
him growing restless. He could not go on with his work. He could
do nothing. It was as if something were drawing his soul out towards
Willey Farm. Then he put on his hat and wentsaying nothing.
And his mother knew he was gone. And as soon as he was on the way
he sighed with relief. And when he was with her he was cruel again.

One day in March he lay on the bank of Nethermerewith Miriam
sitting beside him. It was a glisteningwhite-and-blue day.
Big cloudsso brilliantwent by overheadwhile shadows stole
along on the water. The clear spaces in the sky were of clean
cold blue. Paul lay on his back in the old grasslooking up.
He could not bear to look at Miriam. She seemed to want him
and he resisted. He resisted all the time. He wanted now to give
her passion and tendernessand he could not. He felt that she wanted
the soul out of his bodyand not him. All his strength and energy
she drew into herself through some channel which united them.
She did not want to meet himso that there were two of them
man and woman together. She wanted to draw all of him into her.
It urged him to an intensity like madnesswhich fascinated him
as drug-taking might.

He was discussing Michael Angelo. It felt to her as if she were
fingering the very quivering tissuethe very protoplasm of life
as she heard him. It gave her deepest satisfaction. And in the end
it frightened her. There he lay in the white intensity of his search
and his voice gradually filled her with fearso level it was
almost inhumanas if in a trance.

Don't talk any more,she pleaded softlylaying her hand
on his forehead.


He lay quite stillalmost unable to move. His body was
somewhere discarded.


Why not? Are you tired?


Yes, and it wears you out.


He laughed shortlyrealising.


Yet you always make me like it,he said.


I don't wish to,she saidvery low.


Not when you've gone too far, and you feel you can't bear it.
But your unconscious self always asks it of me. And I suppose I
want it.


He went onin his dead fashion:


If only you could want ME, and not want what I can reel off
for you!


I!she cried bitterly--"I! Whywhen would you let me take you?"


Then it's my fault,he saidandgathering himself together
he got up and began to talk trivialities. He felt insubstantial.
In a vague way he hated her for it. And he knew he was as much to
blame himself. Thishoweverdid not prevent his hating her.


One evening about this time he had walked along the home road
with her. They stood by the pasture leading down to the wood
unable to part. As the stars came out the clouds closed. They had
glimpses of their own constellationOriontowards the west.
His jewels glimmered for a momenthis dog ran lowstruggling with
difficulty through the spume of cloud.


Orion was for them chief in significance among the constellations.
They had gazed at him in their strangesurcharged hours of feeling
until they seemed themselves to live in every one of his stars.
This evening Paul had been moody and perverse. Orion had seemed just
an ordinary constellation to him. He had fought against his glamour
and fascination. Miriam was watching her lover's mood carefully.
But he said nothing that gave him awaytill the moment came to part
when he stood frowning gloomily at the gathered cloudsbehind which
the great constellation must be striding still.


There was to be a little party at his house the next day
at which she was to attend.


I shan't come and meet you,he said.


Oh, very well; it's not very nice out,she replied slowly.


It's not that--only they don't like me to. They say I care
more for you than for them. And you understand, don't you?
You know it's only friendship.


Miriam was astonished and hurt for him. It had cost him an
effort. She left himwanting to spare him any further humiliation.
A fine rain blew in her face as she walked along the road.
She was hurt deep down; and she despised him for being blown
about by any wind of authority. And in her heart of hearts



unconsciouslyshe felt that he was trying to get away from her.
This she would never have acknowledged. She pitied him.


At this time Paul became an important factor in Jordan's warehouse.
Mr. Pappleworth left to set up a business of his ownand Paul
remained with Mr. Jordan as Spiral overseer. His wages were
to be raised to thirty shillings at the year-endif things went well.


Still on Friday night Miriam often came down for her French lesson.
Paul did not go so frequently to Willey Farmand she grieved at
the thought of her education's coming to end; moreoverthey both
loved to be togetherin spite of discords. So they read Balzac
and did compositionsand felt highly cultured.


Friday night was reckoning night for the miners.
Morel "reckoned"--shared up the money of the stall--either in the New Inn
at Bretty or in his own houseaccording as his fellow-butties wished.
Barker had turned a non-drinkerso now the men reckoned at Morel's house.


Anniewho had been teaching awaywas at home again.
She was still a tomboy; and she was engaged to be married.
Paul was studying design.


Morel was always in good spirits on Friday eveningunless the
week's earnings were small. He bustled immediately after his dinner
prepared to get washed. It was decorum for the women to absent
themselves while the men reckoned. Women were not supposed to spy
into such a masculine privacy as the butties' reckoningnor were they
to know the exact amount of the week's earnings. Sowhilst her
father was spluttering in the sculleryAnnie went out to spend
an hour with a neighbour. Mrs. Morel attended to her baking.


Shut that doo-er!bawled Morel furiously.


Annie banged it behind herand was gone.


If tha oppens it again while I'm weshin' me, I'll ma'e thy
jaw rattle,he threatened from the midst of his soap-suds. Paul
and the mother frowned to hear him.


Presently he came running out of the scullerywith the soapy
water dripping from himdithering with cold.


Oh, my sirs!he said. "Wheer's my towel?"


It was hung on a chair to warm before the fireotherwise he
would have bullied and blustered. He squatted on his heels before
the hot baking-fire to dry himself.


F-ff-f!he wentpretending to shudder with cold.


Goodness, man, don't be such a kid!said Mrs. Morel.
It's NOT cold.


Thee strip thysen stark nak'd to wesh thy flesh i' that scullery,
said the mineras he rubbed his hair; "nowt b'r a ice-'ouse!"


And I shouldn't make that fuss,replied his wife.


No, tha'd drop down stiff, as dead as a door-knob, wi'
thy nesh sides.


Why is a door-knob deader than anything else?asked Paulcurious.



Eh, I dunno; that's what they say,replied his father.
But there's that much draught i' yon scullery, as it blows through
your ribs like through a five-barred gate.


It would have some difficulty in blowing through yours,
said Mrs. Morel.


Morel looked down ruefully at his sides.


Me!he exclaimed. "I'm nowt b'r a skinned rabbit.
My bones fair juts out on me."


I should like to know where,retorted his wife.


Iv'ry-wheer! I'm nobbut a sack o' faggots.


Mrs. Morel laughed. He had still a wonderfully young body
muscularwithout any fat. His skin was smooth and clear.
It might have been the body of a man of twenty-eightexcept that
there wereperhapstoo many blue scarslike tattoo-markswhere the
coal-dust remained under the skinand that his chest was too hairy.
But he put his hand on his side ruefully. It was his fixed belief that
because be did not get fathe was as thin as a starved rat.
Paul looked at his father's thickbrownish hands all scarred
with broken nailsrubbing the fine smoothness of his sidesand the
incongruity struck him. It seemed strange they were the same flesh.


I suppose,he said to his fatheryou had a good figure once.


Eh!exclaimed the minerglancing roundstartled and timid
like a child.


He had,exclaimed Mrs. Morelif he didn't hurtle himself
up as if he was trying to get in the smallest space he could.


Me!exclaimed Morel--"me a good figure! I wor niver much
more n'r a skeleton."


Man!cried his wifedon't be such a pulamiter!


'Strewth!he said. "Tha's niver knowed me but what I looked
as if I wor goin' off in a rapid decline."


She sat and laughed.


You've had a constitution like iron,she said; "and never
a man had a better startif it was body that counted. You should
have seen him as a young man she cried suddenly to Paul,
drawing herself up to imitate her husband's once handsome bearing.


Morel watched her shyly. He saw again the passion she
had had for him. It blazed upon her for a moment. He was shy,
rather scared, and humble. Yet again he felt his old glow.
And then immediately he felt the ruin he had made during these years.
He wanted to bustle about, to run away from it.


Gi'e my back a bit of a wesh he asked her.


His wife brought a well-soaped flannel and clapped it
on his shoulders. He gave a jump.


Ehtha mucky little 'ussy!" he cried. "Cowd as death!"


You ought to have been a salamander,she laughed



washing his back. It was very rarely she would do anything
so personal for him. The children did those things.


The next world won't be half hot enough for you,she added.


No,he said; "tha'lt see as it's draughty for me."


But she had finished. She wiped him in a desultory fashion
and went upstairsreturning immediately with his shifting-trousers.
When he was dried he struggled into his shirt. Thenruddy and shiny
with hair on endand his flannelette shirt hanging over his
pit-trousershe stood warming the garments he was going to put on.
He turned themhe pulled them inside outhe scorched them.


Goodness, man!cried Mrs. Morelget dressed!


Should thee like to clap thysen into britches as cowd
as a tub o' water?he said.


At last he took off his pit-trousers and donned decent black.
He did all this on the hearthrugas he would have done if Annie
and her familiar friends had been present.


Mrs. Morel turned the bread in the oven. Then from the red
earthenware panchion of dough that stood in a corner she took
another handful of pasteworked it to the proper shapeand dropped
it into a tin. As she was doing so Barker knocked and entered.
He was a quietcompact little manwho looked as if he would go
through a stone wall. His black hair was cropped shorthis head
was bony. Like most minershe was palebut healthy and taut.


Evenin', missis,he nodded to Mrs. Moreland he seated
himself with a sigh.


Good-evening,she replied cordially.


Tha's made thy heels crack,said Morel.


I dunno as I have,said Barker.


He satas the men always did in Morel's kitchen
effacing himself rather.


How's missis?she asked of him.


He had told her some time back:


We're expectin' us third just now, you see.


Well,he answeredrubbing his headshe keeps pretty
middlin', I think.


Let's see--when?asked Mrs. Morel.


Well, I shouldn't be surprised any time now.


Ah! And she's kept fairly?


Yes, tidy.


That's a blessing, for she's none too strong.


No. An' I've done another silly trick.



What's that?
Mrs. Morel knew Barker wouldn't do anything very silly.
I'm come be-out th' market-bag.
You can have mine.
Nay, you'll be wantin' that yourself.
I shan't. I take a string bag always.
She saw the determined little collier buying in the week's


groceries and meat on the Friday nightsand she admired him.
Barker's little, but he's ten times the man you are,she said
to her husband.

Just then Wesson entered. He was thinrather frail-looking
with a boyish ingenuousness and a slightly foolish smile
despite his seven children. But his wife was a passionate woman.

I see you've kested me,he saidsmiling rather vapidly.
Yes,replied Barker.
The newcomer took off his cap and his big woollen muffler.


His nose was pointed and red.
I'm afraid you're cold, Mr. Wesson,said Mrs. Morel.
It's a bit nippy,he replied.
Then come to the fire.
Nay, I s'll do where I am.
Both colliers sat away back. They could not be induced to come


on to the hearth. The hearth is sacred to the family.
Go thy ways i' th' armchair,cried Morel cheerily.
Nay, thank yer; I'm very nicely here.
Yes, come, of course,insisted Mrs. Morel.
He rose and went awkwardly. He sat in Morel's armchair awkwardly.


It was too great a familiarity. But the fire made him blissfully happy.
And how's that chest of yours?demanded Mrs. Morel.
He smiled againwith his blue eyes rather sunny.
Oh, it's very middlin',he said.
Wi' a rattle in it like a kettle-drum,said Barker shortly.
T-t-t-t!went Mrs. Morel rapidly with her tongue. "Did you


have that flannel singlet made?"
Not yet,he smiled.
Then, why didn't you?she cried.
It'll come,he smiled.



Ah, an' Doomsday!exclaimed Barker.


Barker and Morel were both impatient of Wesson. Butthen
they were both as hard as nailsphysically.


When Morel was nearly ready he pushed the bag of money to Paul.


Count it, boy,he asked humbly.


Paul impatiently turned from his books and penciltipped the bag
upside down on the table. There was a five-pound bag of silver
sovereigns and loose money. He counted quicklyreferred to the
checks--the written papers giving amount of coal--put the money in order.
Then Barker glanced at the checks.


Mrs. Morel went upstairsand the three men came to table.
Morelas master of the housesat in his armchairwith his back
to the hot fire. The two butties had cooler seats. None of them
counted the money.


What did we say Simpson's was?asked Morel; and the butties
cavilled for a minute over the dayman's earnings. Then the amount
was put aside.


An' Bill Naylor's?


This money also was taken from the pack.


Thenbecause Wesson lived in one of the company's houses
and his rent had been deductedMorel and Barker took four-and-six each.
And because Morel's coals had comeand the leading was stopped
Barker and Wesson took four shillings each. Then it was plain sailing.
Morel gave each of them a sovereign till there were no more sovereigns;
each half a crown till there were no more half-crowns; each a shilling
till there were no more shillings. If there was anything at the end
that wouldn't splitMorel took it and stood drinks.


Then the three men rose and went. Morel scuttled out of the house
before his wife came down. She heard the door closeand descended.
She looked hastily at the bread in the oven. Thenglancing on
the tableshe saw her money lying. Paul had been working all
the time. But now he felt his mother counting the week's money
and her wrath rising


T-t-t-t-t!went her tongue.


He frowned. He could not work when she was cross.
She counted again.


A measly twenty-five shillings!she exclaimed. "How much
was the cheque?"


Ten pounds eleven,said Paul irritably. He dreaded what
was coming.


And he gives me a scrattlin' twenty-five, an'
his club this week! But I know him. He thinks because
YOU'RE earning he needn't keep the house any longer.
No, all he has to do with his money is to guttle it. But I'll show him!


Oh, mother, don't!cried Paul.


Don't what, I should like to know?she exclaimed.



Don't carry on again. I can't work.

She went very quiet.

Yes, it's all very well,she said; "but how do you think
I'm going to manage?"


Well, it won't make it any better to whittle about it.


I should like to know what you'd do if you had it to put
up with.


It won't be long. You can have my money. Let him go to hell.


He went back to his workand she tied her bonnet-strings grimly.
When she was fretted he could not bear it. But now he began
to insist on her recognizing him.


The two loaves at the top,she saidwill be done
in twenty minutes. Don't forget them.


All right,he answered; and she went to market.


He remained alone working. But his usual intense concentration
became unsettled. He listened for the yard-gate. At a quarter-past
seven came a low knockand Miriam entered.


All alone?she said.


Yes.


As if at homeshe took off her tam-o'-shanter and her long coat
hanging them up. It gave him a thrill. This might be their own house
his and hers. Then she came back and peered over his work.


What is it?she asked.


Still design, for decorating stuffs, and for embroidery.


She bent short-sightedly over the drawings.


It irritated him that she peered so into everything that
was hissearching him out. He went into the parlour and returned
with a bundle of brownish linen. Carefully unfolding it
he spread it on the floor. It proved to be a curtain or portiere
beautifully stencilled with a design on roses.


Ah, how beautiful!she cried.


The spread clothwith its wonderful reddish roses and dark
green stemsall so simpleand somehow so wicked-lookinglay at
her feet. She went on her knees before ither dark curls dropping.
He saw her crouched voluptuously before his workand his heart
beat quickly. Suddenly she looked up at him.


Why does it seem cruel?she asked.


What?


There seems a feeling of cruelty about it,she said.


It's jolly good, whether or not,he repliedfolding up
his work with a lover's hands.



She rose slowlypondering.

And what will you do with it?she asked.

Send it to Liberty's. I did it for my mother, but I think
she'd rather have the money.


Yes,said Miriam. He had spoken with a touch of bitterness
and Miriam sympathised. Money would have been nothing to HER.


He took the cloth back into the parlour. When he returned
he threw to Miriam a smaller piece. It was a cushion-cover
with the same design.


I did that for you,he said.


She fingered the work with trembling handsand did not speak.
He became embarrassed.


By Jove, the bread!he cried.


He took the top loaves outtapped them vigorously. They were done.
He put them on the hearth to cool. Then he went to the scullery
wetted his handsscooped the last white dough out of the punchion
and dropped it in a baking-tin. Miriam was still bent over her
painted cloth. He stood rubbing the bits of dough from his hands.


You do like it?he asked.


She looked up at himwith her dark eyes one flame of love.
He laughed uncomfortably. Then he began to talk about the design.
There was for him the most intense pleasure in talking about his
work to Miriam. All his passionall his wild bloodwent into
this intercourse with herwhen he talked and conceived his work.
She brought forth to him his imaginations. She did not understand
any more than a woman understands when she conceives a child in her womb.
But this was life for her and for him.


While they were talkinga young woman of about twenty-two
small and palehollow-eyedyet with a relentless look about her
entered the room. She was a friend at the Morel's.


Take your things off,said Paul.


No, I'm not stopping.


She sat down in the armchair opposite Paul and Miriam
who were on the sofa. Miriam moved a little farther from him.
The room was hotwith a scent of new bread. Browncrisp loaves
stood on the hearth.


I shouldn't have expected to see you here to-night,
Miriam Leivers,said Beatrice wickedly.


Why not?murmured Miriam huskily.


Why, let's look at your shoes.


Miriam remained uncomfortably still.


If tha doesna tha durs'na,laughed Beatrice.


Miriam put her feet from under her dress. Her boots



had that queerirresoluterather pathetic look about them
which showed how self-conscious and self-mistrustful she was.
And they were covered with mud.


Glory! You're a positive muck-heap,exclaimed Beatrice.
Who cleans your boots?


I clean them myself.


Then you wanted a job,said Beatrice. "It would ha'
taken a lot of men to ha' brought me down here to-night. But love
laughs at sludgedoesn't it'Postle my duck?"


Inter alia,he said.


Oh, Lord! are you going to spout foreign languages?
What does it mean, Miriam?


There was a fine sarcasm in the last questionbut Miriam did
not see it.


'Among other things,' I believe,she said humbly.


Beatrice put her tongue between her teeth and laughed wickedly.


'Among other things,' 'Postle?she repeated. "Do you mean
love laughs at mothersand fathersand sistersand brothers
and men friendsand lady friendsand even at the b'loved himself?"


She affected a great innocence.


In fact, it's one big smile,he replied.


Up its sleeve, 'Postle Morel--you believe me,she said;
and she went off into another burst of wickedsilent laughter.


Miriam sat silentwithdrawn into herself. Every one of Paul's
friends delighted in taking sides against herand he left her
in the lurch--seemed almost to have a sort of revenge upon her then.


Are you still at school?asked Miriam of Beatrice.


Yes.


You've not had your notice, then?


I expect it at Easter.


Isn't it an awful shame, to turn you off merely because you
didn't pass the exam.?


I don't know,said Beatrice coldly.


Agatha says you're as good as any teacher anywhere.
It seems to me ridiculous. I wonder why you didn't pass.


Short of brains, eh, 'Postle?said Beatrice briefly.


Only brains to bite with,replied Paullaughing.


Nuisance!she cried; andspringing from her seat
she rushed and boxed his ears. She had beautiful small hands.
He held her wrists while she wrestled with him. At last she
broke freeand seized two handfuls of his thickdark brown hair



which she shook.


Beat!he saidas he pulled his hair straight with his fingers.
I hate you!


She laughed with glee.


Mind!she said. "I want to sit next to you."


I'd as lief be neighbours with a vixen,he said
nevertheless making place for her between him and Miriam.


Did it ruffle his pretty hair, then!she cried; andwith her
hair-combshe combed him straight. "And his nice little moustache!"
she exclaimed. She tilted his head back and combed his young moustache.
It's a wicked moustache, 'Postle,she said. "It's a red for danger.
Have you got any of those cigarettes?"


He pulled his cigarette-case from his pocket. Beatrice looked
inside it.


And fancy me having Connie's last cig.,said Beatrice
putting the thing between her teeth. He held a lit match to her
and she puffed daintily.


Thanks so much, darling,she said mockingly.


It gave her a wicked delight.


Don't you think he does it nicely, Miriam?she asked.


Oh, very!said Miriam.


He took a cigarette for himself.


Light, old boy?said Beatricetilting her cigarette at him.


He bent forward to her to light his cigarette at hers.
She was winking at him as he did so. Miriam saw his eyes trembling
with mischiefand his fullalmost sensualmouth quivering.
He was not himselfand she could not bear it. As he was now
she had no connection with him; she might as well not have existed.
She saw the cigarette dancing on his full red lips. She hated his thick
hair for being tumbled loose on his forehead.


Sweet boy!said Beatricetipping up his chin and giving
him a little kiss on the cheek.


I s'll kiss thee back, Beat,he said.


Tha wunna!she giggledjumping up and going away.
Isn't he shameless, Miriam?


Quite,said Miriam. "By the wayaren't you forgetting
the bread?"


By Jove!he criedflinging open the oven door.


Out puffed the bluish smoke and a smell of burned bread.


Oh, golly!cried Beatricecoming to his side. He crouched
before the ovenshe peered over his shoulder. "This is what comes
of the oblivion of lovemy boy."



Paul was ruefully removing the loaves. One was burnt black
on the hot side; another was hard as a brick.


Poor mater!said Paul.


You want to grate it,said Beatrice. "Fetch me the nutmeg-grater."


She arranged the bread in the oven. He brought the grater
and she grated the bread on to a newspaper on the table.
He set the doors open to blow away the smell of burned bread.
Beatrice grated awaypuffing her cigaretteknocking the charcoal off
the poor loaf.


My word, Miriam! you're in for it this time,said Beatrice.


I!exclaimed Miriam in amazement.


You'd better be gone when his mother comes in. I know why
King Alfred burned the cakes. Now I see it! 'Postle would fix up
a tale about his work making him forget, if he thought it would wash.
If that old woman had come in a bit sooner, she'd have boxed the
brazen thing's ears who made the oblivion, instead of poor Alfred's.


She giggled as she scraped the loaf. Even Miriam laughed
in spite of herself. Paul mended the fire ruefully.


The garden gate was heard to bang.


Quick!cried Beatricegiving Paul the scraped loaf.
Wrap it up in a damp towel.


Paul disappeared into the scullery. Beatrice hastily
blew her scrapings into the fireand sat down innocently.
Annie came bursting in. She was an abruptquite smart young woman.
She blinked in the strong light.


Smell of burning!she exclaimed.


It's the cigarettes,replied Beatrice demurely.


Where's Paul?


Leonard had followed Annie. He had a long comic face
and blue eyesvery sad.


I suppose he's left you to settle it between you,he said.
He nodded sympathetically to Miriamand became gently sarcastic
to Beatrice.


No,said Beatricehe's gone off with number nine.


I just met number five inquiring for him,said Leonard.


Yes--we're going to share him up like Solomon's baby,
said Beatrice.


Annie laughed.


Oh, ay,said Leonard. "And which bit should you have?"


I don't know,said Beatrice. "I'll let all the others
pick first."


An' you'd have the leavings, like?said Leonardtwisting up



a comic face.

Annie was looking in the oven. Miriam sat ignored.
Paul entered.

This bread's a fine sight, our Paul,said Annie.

Then you should stop an' look after it,said Paul.

You mean YOU should do what you're reckoning to do,
replied Annie.

He should, shouldn't he!cried Beatrice.

I s'd think he'd got plenty on hand,said Leonard.

You had a nasty walk, didn't you, Miriam?said Annie.

Yes--but I'd been in all week---

And you wanted a bit of a change, like,insinuated Leonard kindly.

Well, you can't be stuck in the house for ever,Annie agreed.
She was quite amiable. Beatrice pulled on her coatand went out
with Leonard and Annie. She would meet her own boy.

Don't forget that bread, our Paul,cried Annie.
Good-night, Miriam. I don't think it will rain.

When they had all gonePaul fetched the swathed loaf
unwrapped itand surveyed it sadly.

It's a mess!he said.

But,answered Miriam impatientlywhat is it,
after all--twopence, ha'penny.

Yes, but--it's the mater's precious baking, and she'll take
it to heart. However, it's no good bothering.

He took the loaf back into the scullery. There was a little
distance between him and Miriam. He stood balanced opposite her for
some moments consideringthinking of his behaviour with Beatrice.
He felt guilty inside himselfand yet glad. For some inscrutable
reason it served Miriam right. He was not going to repent.
She wondered what he was thinking of as he stood suspended.
His thick hair was tumbled over his forehead. Why might she not
push it back for himand remove the marks of Beatrice's comb?
Why might she not press his body with her two hands. It looked
so firmand every whit living. And he would let other girls
why not her?

Suddenly he started into life. It made her quiver almost
with terror as he quickly pushed the hair off his forehead and came
towards her.

Half-past eight!he said. "We'd better buck up.
Where's your French?"

Miriam shyly and rather bitterly produced her exercise-book.
Every week she wrote for him a sort of diary of her inner life
in her own French. He had found this was the only way to get her
to do compositions. And her diary was mostly a love-letter. He
would read it now; she felt as if her soul's history were going


to be desecrated by him in his present mood. He sat beside her.
She watched his handfirm and warmrigorously scoring her work.
He was reading only the Frenchignoring her soul that was there.
But gradually his hand forgot its work. He read in silencemotionless.
She quivered.


'Ce matin les oiseaux m'ont eveille,'he read. "'Il faisait
encore un crepuscule. Mais la petite fenetre de ma chambre etait bleme
et puisjauneet tous les oiseaux du bois eclaterent dans un chanson
vif et resonnant. Toute l'aube tressaillit. J'avais reve de vous.
Est-ce que vous voyez aussi l'aube? Les oiseaux m'eveillent presque
tous les matinset toujours il y a quelque chose de terreur dans
le cri des grives. Il est si clair---'"


Miriam sat tremuloushalf ashamed. He remained quite still
trying to understand. He only knew she loved him. He was afraid
of her love for him. It was too good for himand he was inadequate.
His own love was at faultnot hers. Ashamedhe corrected her work
humbly writing above her words.


Look,he said quietlythe past participle conjugated
with avoir agrees with the direct object when it precedes.


She bent forwardtrying to see and to understand. Her free
fine curls tickled his face. He started as if they had been red hot
shuddering. He saw her peering forward at the pageher red lips parted
piteouslythe black hair springing in fine strands across her tawny
ruddy cheek. She was coloured like a pomegranate for richness.
His breath came short as he watched her. Suddenly she looked up at him.
Her dark eyes were naked with their loveafraidand yearning.
His eyestoowere darkand they hurt her. They seemed to master her.
She lost all her self-controlwas exposed in fear. And he knew
before he could kiss herhe must drive something out of himself.
And a touch of hate for her crept back again into his heart.
He returned to her exercise.


Suddenly he flung down the penciland was at the oven
in a leapturning the bread. For Miriam he was too quick.
She started violentlyand it hurt her with real pain. Even the way
he crouched before the oven hurt her. There seemed to be something
cruel in itsomething cruel in the swift way he pitched the bread
out of the tinscaught it up again. If only he had been gentle
in his movements she would have felt so rich and warm. As it was
she was hurt.


He returned and finished the exercise.


You've done well this week,he said.


She saw he was flattered by her diary. It did not repay
her entirely.


You really do blossom out sometimes,he said. "You ought
to write poetry."


She lifted her head with joythen she shook it mistrustfully.


I don't trust myself,she said.


You should try!


Again she shook her head.


Shall we read, or is it too late?he asked.



It is late--but we can read just a little,she pleaded.

She was really getting now the food for her life during
the next week. He made her copy Baudelaire's "Le Balcon". Then he
read it for her. His voice was soft and caressingbut growing
almost brutal. He had a way of lifting his lips and showing
his teethpassionately and bitterlywhen he was much moved.
This he did now. It made Miriam feel as if he were trampling on her.
She dared not look at himbut sat with her head bowed. She could
not understand why he got into such a tumult and fury. It made her wretched.
She did not like Baudelaireon the whole--nor Verlaine.

Behold her singing in the field
Yon solitary highland lass.


That nourished her heart. So did "Fair Ines". And-


It was a beauteous evening, calm and pure,
And breathing holy quiet like a nun.


These were like herself. And there was hesaying in his
throat bitterly:

Tu te rappelleras la beaute des caresses.

The poem was finished; he took the bread out of the oven
arranging the burnt loaves at the bottom of the panchion
the good ones at the top. The desiccated loaf remained swathed
up in the scullery.

Mater needn't know till morning,he said. "It won't upset
her so much then as at night."

Miriam looked in the bookcasesaw what postcards and letters
he had receivedsaw what books were there. She took one that had
interested him. Then he turned down the gas and they set off.
He did not trouble to lock the door.

He was not home again until a quarter to eleven. His mother
was seated in the rocking-chair. Anniewith a rope of hair hanging
down her backremained sitting on a low stool before the fire
her elbows on her kneesgloomily. On the table stood the offending
loaf unswathed. Paul entered rather breathless. No one spoke.
His mother was reading the little local newspaper. He took off
his coatand went to sit down on the sofa. His mother moved curtly
aside to let him pass. No one spoke. He was very uncomfortable.
For some minutes he sat pretending to read a piece of paper he found on
the table. Then--


I forgot that bread, mother,he said.

There was no answer from either woman.

Well,he saidit's only twopence ha'penny. I can pay you
for that.

Being angryhe put three pennies on the table and slid
them towards his mother. She turned away her head. Her mouth
was shut tightly.

Yes,said Annieyou don't know how badly my mother is!

The girl sat staring glumly into the fire.


Why is she badly?asked Paulin his overbearing way.
Well!said Annie. "She could scarcely get home."
He looked closely at his mother. She looked ill.
WHY could you scarcely get home?he asked herstill sharply.


She would not answer.


I found her as white as a sheet sitting here,said Annie
with a suggestion of tears in her voice.
Well, WHY?insisted Paul. His brows were knittinghis eyes


dilating passionately.


It was enough to upset anybody,said Mrs. Morelhugging
those parcels--meat, and green-groceries, and a pair of curtains---
Well, why DID you hug them; you needn't have done.
Then who would?
Let Annie fetch the meat.
Yes, and I WOULD fetch the meat, but how was I to know.


You were off with Miriam, instead of being in when my mother came.
And what was the matter with you?asked Paul of his mother.
I suppose it's my heart,she replied. Certainly she looked


bluish round the mouth.
And have you felt it before?
Yes--often enough.
Then why haven't you told me?--and why haven't you seen a doctor?
Mrs. Morel shifted in her chairangry with him for his hectoring.
You'd never notice anything,said Annie. "You're too eager


to be off with Miriam."
Oh, am I--and any worse than you with Leonard?
I was in at a quarter to ten.
There was silence in the room for a time.
I should have thought,said Mrs. Morel bitterlythat she


wouldn't have occupied you so entirely as to burn a whole ovenful
of bread.
Beatrice was here as well as she.
Very likely. But we know why the bread is spoilt.
Why?he flashed.
Because you were engrossed with Miriam,replied Mrs. Morel hotly.
Oh, very well--then it was NOT!he replied angrily.



He was distressed and wretched. Seizing a paperhe began
to read. Annieher blouse unfastenedher long ropes of hair twisted
into a plaitwent up to bedbidding him a very curt good-night.


Paul sat pretending to read. He knew his mother wanted
to upbraid him. He also wanted to know what had made her ill
for he was troubled. Soinstead of running away to bedas he would
have liked to dohe sat and waited. There was a tense silence.
The clock ticked loudly.


You'd better go to bed before your father comes in,said the
mother harshly. "And if you're going to have anything to eat
you'd better get it."


I don't want anything.


It was his mother's custom to bring him some trifle for
supper on Friday nightthe night of luxury for the colliers.
He was too angry to go and find it in the pantry this night.
This insulted her.


If I WANTED you to go to Selby on Friday night, I can imagine
the scene,said Mrs. Morel. "But you're never too tired to go
if SHE will come for you. Nayyou neither want to eat nor drink then."


I can't let her go alone.


Can't you? And why does she come?


Not because I ask her.


She doesn't come without you want her---


Well, what if I DO want her---he replied.


Why, nothing, if it was sensible or reasonable. But to go
trapseing up there miles and miles in the mud, coming home at midnight,
and got to go to Nottingham in the morning---


If I hadn't, you'd be just the same.


Yes, I should, because there's no sense in it.
Is she so fascinating that you must follow her all that way?
Mrs. Morel was bitterly sarcastic. She sat stillwith averted face
stroking with a rhythmicjerked movementthe black sateen
of her apron. It was a movement that hurt Paul to see.


I do like her,he saidbut---


LIKE her!said Mrs. Morelin the same biting tones. "It seems
to me you like nothing and nobody else. There's neither Annie
nor menor anyone now for you."


What nonsense, mother--you know I don't love her--I--I tell
you I DON'T love her--she doesn't even walk with my arm, because I
don't want her to.


Then why do you fly to her so often?


I DO like to talk to her--I never said I didn't. But I DON'T
love her.


Is there nobody else to talk to?



Not about the things we talk of. There's a lot of things
that you're not interested in, that---


What things?


Mrs. Morel was so intense that Paul began to pant.


Why--painting--and books. YOU don't care about Herbert Spencer.


No,was the sad reply. "And YOU won't at my age."


Well, but I do now--and Miriam does---


And how do you know,Mrs. Morel flashed defiantlythat I
shouldn't. Do you ever try me!


But you don't, mother, you know you don't care whether
a picture's decorative or not; you don't care what MANNER it is in.


How do you know I don't care? Do you ever try me? Do you
ever talk to me about these things, to try?


But it's not that that matters to you, mother, you know
t's not.


What is it, then--what is it, then, that matters to me?
she flashed. He knitted his brows with pain.


You're old, mother, and we're young.


He only meant that the interests of HER age were not the
interests of his. But he realised the moment he had spoken
that he had said the wrong thing.


Yes, I know it well--I am old. And therefore I may stand aside;
I have nothing more to do with you. You only want me to wait on
you--the rest is for Miriam.


He could not bear it. Instinctively he realised that he
was life to her. Andafter allshe was the chief thing to him
the only supreme thing.


You know it isn't, mother, you know it isn't!


She was moved to pity by his cry.


It looks a great deal like it,she saidhalf putting aside
her despair.


No, mother--I really DON'T love her. I talk to her, but I
want to come home to you.


He had taken off his collar and tieand rosebare-throated
to go to bed. As he stooped to kiss his mothershe threw her
arms round his neckhid her face on his shoulderand cried
in a whimpering voiceso unlike her own that he writhed in agony:


I can't bear it. I could let another woman--but not her.
She'd leave me no room, not a bit of room---


And immediately he hated Miriam bitterly.


And I've never--you know, Paul--I've never had a husband--not really---



He stroked his mother's hairand his mouth was on her throat.

And she exults so in taking you from me--she's not like
ordinary girls.

Well, I don't love her, mother,he murmuredbowing his head
and hiding his eyes on her shoulder in misery. His mother kissed
him a longfervent kiss.

My boy!she saidin a voice trembling with passionate love.

Without knowinghe gently stroked her face.

There,said his mothernow go to bed. You'll be so tired
in the morning.As she was speaking she heard her husband coming.
There's your father--now go.Suddenly she looked at him almost
as if in fear. "Perhaps I'm selfish. If you want hertake her
my boy."

His mother looked so strangePaul kissed hertrembling.

Ha--mother!he said softly.

Morel came inwalking unevenly. His hat was over one corner
of his eye. He balanced in the doorway.

At your mischief again?he said venomously.

Mrs. Morel's emotion turned into sudden hate of the drunkard
who had come in thus upon her.

At any rate, it is sober,she said.

H'm--h'm! h'm--h'm!he sneered. He went into the passage
hung up his hat and coat. Then they heard him go down three steps
to the pantry. He returned with a piece of pork-pie in his fist.
It was what Mrs. Morel had bought for her son.

Nor was that bought for you. If you can give me no more than
twenty-five shillings, I'm sure I'm not going to buy you pork-pie
to stuff, after you've swilled a bellyful of beer.

Wha-at--wha-at!snarled Moreltoppling in his balance.
Wha-at--not for me?He looked at the piece of meat and crust
and suddenlyin a vicious spurt of temperflung it into the fire.

Paul started to his feet.

Waste your own stuff!he cried.

What--what!suddenly shouted Moreljumping up and clenching
his fist. "I'll show yeryer young jockey!"

All right!said Paul viciouslyputting his head on one side.
Show me!

He would at that moment dearly have loved to have a smack
at something. Morel was half crouchingfists upready to spring.
The young man stoodsmiling with his lips.

Ussha!hissed the fatherswiping round with a great stroke
just past his son's face. He dared noteven though so close
really touch the young manbut swerved an inch away.


Right!said Paulhis eyes upon the side of his father's
mouthwhere in another instant his fist would have hit.
He ached for that stroke. But he heard a faint moan from behind.
His mother was deadly pale and dark at the mouth. Morel was
dancing up to deliver another blow.


Father!said Paulso that the word rang.


Morel startedand stood at attention.


Mother!moaned the boy. "Mother!"


She began to struggle with herself. Her open eyes watched him
although she could not move. Gradually she was coming to herself.
He laid her down on the sofaand ran upstairs for a little whisky
which at last she could sip. The tears were hopping down his face.
As he kneeled in front of her he did not crybut the tears ran
down his face quickly. Morelon the opposite side of the room
sat with his elbows on his knees glaring across.


What's a-matter with 'er?he asked.


Faint!replied Paul.


H'm!


The elderly man began to unlace his boots. He stumbled off
to bed. His last fight was fought in that home.


Paul kneeled therestroking his mother's hand.


Don't be poorly, mother--don't be poorly!he said time
after time.


It's nothing, my boy,she murmured.


At last he rosefetched in a large piece of coaland raked
the fire. Then he cleared the roomput everything straight
laid the things for breakfastand brought his mother's candle.


Can you go to bed, mother?


Yes, I'll come.


Sleep with Annie, mother, not with him.


No. I'll sleep in my own bed.


Don't sleep with him, mother.


I'll sleep in my own bed.


She roseand he turned out the gasthen followed her closely
upstairscarrying her candle. On the landing he kissed her close.


Good-night, mother.


Good-night!she said.


He pressed his face upon the pillow in a fury of misery.
And yetsomewhere in his soulhe was at peace because he still
loved his mother best. It was the bitter peace of resignation.


The efforts of his father to conciliate him next day were



a great humiliation to him.

Everybody tried to forget the scene.

CHAPTER IX

DEFEAT OF MIRIAM

PAUL was dissatisfied with himself and with everything.
The deepest of his love belonged to his mother. When he felt he
had hurt heror wounded his love for herhe could not bear it.
Now it was springand there was battle between him and Miriam.
This year he had a good deal against her. She was vaguely aware
of it. The old feeling that she was to be a sacrifice to this love
which she had had when she prayedwas mingled in all her emotions.
She did not at the bottom believe she ever would have him. She did
not believe in herself primarily: doubted whether she could ever
be what he would demand of her. Certainly she never saw herself
living happily through a lifetime with him. She saw tragedysorrow
and sacrifice ahead. And in sacrifice she
was proudin renunciation she was strongfor she did not trust
herself to support everyday life. She was prepared for the big
things and the deep thingslike tragedy. It was the sufficiency
of the small day-life she could not trust.


The Easter holidays began happily. Paul was his own frank self.
Yet she felt it would go wrong. On the Sunday afternoon she stood
at her bedroom windowlooking across at the oak-trees of the wood
in whose branches a twilight was tangledbelow the bright sky
of the afternoon. Grey-green rosettes of honeysuckle leaves
hung before the windowsome alreadyshe fanciedshowing bud.
It was springwhich she loved and dreaded.


Hearing the clack of the gate she stood in suspense.
It was a bright grey day. Paul came into the yard with his bicycle
which glittered as he walked. Usually he rang his bell and laughed
towards the house. To-day he walked with shut lips and cold
cruel bearingthat had something of a slouch and a sneer in it.
She knew him well by nowand could tell from that keen-looking
aloof young body of his what was happening inside him. There was
a cold correctness in the way he put his bicycle in its place
that made her heart sink.


She came downstairs nervously. She was wearing a new net blouse
that she thought became her. It had a high collar with a tiny ruff
reminding her of MaryQueen of Scotsand making hershe thought
look wonderfully a womanand dignified. At twenty she was
full-breasted and luxuriously formed. Her face was still like a soft
rich maskunchangeable. But her eyesonce liftedwere wonderful.
She was afraid of him. He would notice her new blouse.


Hebeing in a hardironical moodwas entertaining the family
to a description of a service given in the Primitive Methodist Chapel
conducted by one of the well-known preachers of the sect.
He sat at the head of the tablehis mobile facewith the eyes
that could be so beautifulshining with tenderness or dancing
with laughternow taking on one expression and then another
in imitation of various people he was mocking. His mockery
always hurt her; it was too near the reality. He was too clever
and cruel. She felt that when his eyes were like thishard with
mocking hatehe would spare neither himself nor anybody else.
But Mrs. Leivers was wiping her eyes with laughterand Mr. Leivers



just awake from his Sunday napwas rubbing his head in amusement.
The three brothers sat with ruffledsleepy appearance in their
shirt-sleevesgiving a guffaw from time to time. The whole
family loved a "take-off" more than anything.


He took no notice of Miriam. Latershe saw him remark
her new blousesaw that the artist approvedbut it won from
him not a spark of warmth. She was nervouscould hardly reach
the teacups from the shelves.


When the men went out to milkshe ventured to address
him personally.


You were late,she said.


Was I?he answered.


There was silence for a while.


Was it rough riding?she asked.


I didn't notice it.She continued quickly to lay the table.
When she had finished---


Tea won't be for a few minutes. Will you come and look
at the daffodils?she said.


He rose without answering. They went out into the back garden under
the budding damson-trees. The hills and the sky were clean and cold.
Everything looked washedrather hard. Miriam glanced at Paul.
He was pale and impassive. It seemed cruel to her that his eyes
and browswhich she lovedcould look so hurting.


Has the wind made you tired?she asked. She detected
an underneath feeling of weariness about him.


No, I think not,he answered.


It must be rough on the road--the wood moans so.


You can see by the clouds it's a south-west wind; that helps
me here.


You see, I don't cycle, so I don't understand,she murmured.


Is there need to cycle to know that!he said.


She thought his sarcasms were unnecessary. They went forward
in silence. Round the wildtussocky lawn at the back of the house
was a thorn hedgeunder which daffodils were craning forward from
among their sheaves of grey-green blades. The cheeks of the flowers
were greenish with cold. But still some had burstand their gold
ruffled and glowed. Miriam went on her knees before one cluster
took a wild-looking daffodil between her handsturned up its
face of gold to herand bowed downcaressing it with her mouth
and cheeks and brow. He stood asidewith his hands in his pockets
watching her. One after another she turned up to him the faces
of the yellowbursten flowers appealinglyfondling them lavishly
all the while.


Aren't they magnificent?she murmured.


Magnificent! It's a bit thick--they're pretty!



She bowed again to her flowers at his censure of her praise.
He watched her crouchingsipping the flowers with fervid kisses.


Why must you always be fondling things?he said irritably.


But I love to touch them,she repliedhurt.


Can you never like things without clutching them as if you
wanted to pull the heart out of them? Why don't you have a bit
more restraint, or reserve, or something?


She looked up at him full of painthen continued slowly
to stroke her lips against a ruffled flower. Their scentas she
smelled itwas so much kinder than he; it almost made her cry.


You wheedle the soul out of things,he said. "I would
never wheedle--at any rateI'd go straight."


He scarcely knew what he was saying. These things came from
him mechanically. She looked at him. His body seemed one weapon
firm and hard against her.


You're always begging things to love you,he saidas if you
were a beggar for love. Even the flowers, you have to fawn on them---


RhythmicallyMiriam was swaying and stroking the flower with
her mouthinhaling the scent which ever after made her shudder
as it came to her nostrils.


You don't want to love--your eternal and abnormal craving
is to be loved. You aren't positive, you're negative.
You absorb, absorb, as if you must fill yourself up with love,
because you've got a shortage somewhere.


She was stunned by his crueltyand did not hear. He had not
the faintest notion of what he was saying. It was as if his fretted
tortured soulrun hot by thwarted passionjetted off these sayings
like sparks from electricity. She did not grasp anything he said.
She only sat crouched beneath his cruelty and his hatred of her.
She never realised in a flash. Over everything she brooded
and brooded.


After tea he stayed with Edgar and the brotherstaking no
notice of Miriam. Sheextremely unhappy on this looked-for holiday
waited for him. And at last he yielded and came to her.
She was determined to track this mood of his to its origin.
She counted it not much more than a mood.


Shall we go through the wood a little way?she asked him
knowing he never refused a direct request.


They went down to the warren. On the middle path they
passed a trapa narrow horseshoe hedge of small fir-boughs
baited with the guts of a rabbit. Paul glanced at it frowning.
She caught his eye.


Isn't it dreadful?she asked.


I don't know! Is it worse than a weasel with its teeth in a
rabbit's throat? One weasel or many rabbits? One or the other must go!


He was taking the bitterness of life badly. She was rather
sorry for him.



We will go back to the house,he said. "I don't want
to walk out."


They went past the lilac-treewhose bronze leaf-buds were
coming unfastened. Just a fragment remained of the haystack
a monument squared and brownlike a pillar of stone. There was
a little bed of hay from the last cutting.


Let us sit here a minute,said Miriam.


He sat down against his willresting his back against the hard
wall of hay. They faced the amphitheatre of round hills that glowed
with sunsettiny white farms standing outthe meadows golden
the woods dark and yet luminoustree-tops folded over tree-tops
distinct in the distance. The evening had clearedand the east
was tender with a magenta flush under which the land lay still
and rich.


Isn't it beautiful?she pleaded.


But he only scowled. He would rather have had it ugly just then.


At that moment a big bull-terrier came rushing upopen-mouthed
pranced his two paws on the youth's shoulderslicking his face.
Paul drew backlaughing. Bill was a great relief to him.
He pushed the dog asidebut it came leaping back.


Get out,said the lador I'll dot thee one.


But the dog was not to be pushed away. So Paul had a little
battle with the creaturepitching poor Bill away from himwho
howeveronly floundered tumultuously back againwild with joy.
The two fought togetherthe man laughing grudginglythe dog
grinning all over. Miriam watched them. There was something pathetic
about the man. He wanted so badly to loveto be tender.
The rough way he bowled the dog over was really loving. Bill got up
panting with happinesshis brown eyes rolling in his white face
and lumbered back again. He adored Paul. The lad frowned.


Bill, I've had enough o' thee,he said.


But the dog only stood with two heavy pawsthat quivered
with loveupon his thighand flickered a red tongue at him.
He drew back.


No,he said--"no--I've had enough."


And in a minute the dog trotted off happilyto vary the fun.


He remained staring miserably across at the hillswhose still
beauty he begrudged. He wanted to go and cycle with Edgar.
Yet he had not the courage to leave Miriam.


Why are you sad?she asked humbly.


I'm not sad; why should I be,he answered. "I'm only normal."


She wondered why he always claimed to be normal when he
was disagreeable.


But what is the matter?she pleadedcoaxing him soothingly.


Nothing!



Nay!she murmured.

He picked up a stick and began to stab the earth with it.

You'd far better not talk,he said.

But I wish to know---she replied.

He laughed resentfully.

You always do,he said.

It's not fair to me,she murmured.

He thrustthrustthrust at the ground with the pointed stick
digging up little clods of earth as if he were in a fever of irritation.
She gently and firmly laid her band on his wrist.


Don't!she said. "Put it away."


He flung the stick into the currant-bushesand leaned back.
Now he was bottled up.


What is it?she pleaded softly.


He lay perfectly stillonly his eyes aliveand they full
of torment.


You know,he said at lengthrather wearily--"you know--we'd
better break off."


It was what she dreaded. Swiftly everything seemed to darken
before her eyes.


Why!she murmured. "What has happened?"


Nothing has happened. We only realise where we are.
It's no good---


She waited in silencesadlypatiently. It was no good being
impatient with him. At any ratehe would tell her now what ailed him.


We agreed on friendship,he went on in a dullmonotonous voice.
How often HAVE we agreed for friendship! And yet--it neither
stops there, nor gets anywhere else.


He was silent again. She brooded. What did he mean?
He was so wearying. There was something he would not yield.
Yet she must be patient with him.


I can only give friendship--it's all I'm capable of--it's
a flaw in my make-up. The thing overbalances to one side--I hate
a toppling balance. Let us have done.


There was warmth of fury in his last phrases. He meant she
loved him more than he her. Perhaps he could not love her.
Perhaps she had not in herself that which he wanted. It was the
deepest motive of her soulthis self-mistrust. It was so deep she
dared neither realise nor acknowledge. Perhaps she was deficient.
Like an infinitely subtle shameit kept her always back. If it were so
she would do without him. She would never let herself want him.
She would merely see.


But what has happened?she said.



Nothing--it's all in myself--it only comes out just now.
We're always like this towards Easter-time.


He grovelled so helplesslyshe pitied him. At least she
never floundered in such a pitiable way. After allit was he
who was chiefly humiliated.


What do you want?she asked him.


Why--I mustn't come often--that's all. Why should I monopolise
you when I'm not--- You see, I'm deficient in something with regard
to you---


He was telling her he did not love herand so ought to leave her
a chance with another man. How foolish and blind and shamefully clumsy
he was! What were other men to her! What were men to her at all!
But heah! she loved his soul. Was HE deficient in something?
Perhaps he was.


But I don't understand,she said huskily. "Yesterday---"


The night was turning jangled and hateful to him as the
twilight faded. And she bowed under her suffering.


I know,he criedyou never will! You'll never believe that
I can't--can't physically, any more than I can fly up like a skylark---


What?she murmured. Now she dreaded.


Love you.


He hated her bitterly at that moment because he made her suffer.
Love her! She knew he loved her. He really belonged to her.
This about not loving herphysicallybodilywas a mere perversity
on his partbecause he knew she loved him. He was stupid like
a child. He belonged to her. His soul wanted her. She guessed
somebody had been influencing him. She felt upon him the hardness
the foreignness of another influence.


What have they been saying at home?she asked.


It's not that,he answered.


And then she knew it was. She despised them for their commonness
his people. They did not know what things were really worth.


He and she talked very little more that night. After all he
left her to cycle with Edgar.


He had come back to his mother. Hers was the strongest
tie in his life. When he thought roundMiriam shrank away.
There was a vagueunreal feel about her. And nobody else mattered.
There was one place in the world that stood solid and did not melt
into unreality: the place where his mother was. Everybody else
could grow shadowyalmost non-existent to himbut she could not.
It was as if the pivot and pole of his lifefrom which he could
not escapewas his mother.


And in the same way she waited for him. In him was established
her life now. After allthe life beyond offered very little to
Mrs. Morel. She saw that our chance for DOING is hereand doing
counted with her. Paul was going to prove that she had been right;
he was going to make a man whom nothing should shift off his feet;



he was going to alter the face of the earth in some way which mattered.
Wherever he went she felt her soul went with him. Whatever he did she
felt her soul stood by himreadyas it wereto hand him his tools.
She could not bear it when he was with Miriam. William was dead.
She would fight to keep Paul.


And he came back to her. And in his soul was a feeling of the
satisfaction of self-sacrifice because he was faithful to her.
She loved him first; he loved her first. And yet it was not enough.
His new young lifeso strong and imperiouswas urged towards
something else. It made him mad with restlessness. She saw this
and wished bitterly that Miriam had been a woman who could take this
new life of hisand leave her the roots. He fought against his mother
almost as he fought against Miriam.


It was a week before he went again to Willey Farm.
Miriam had suffered a great dealand was afraid to see him again.
Was she now to endure the ignominy of his abandoning her?
That would only be superficial and temporary. He would come back.
She held the keys to his soul. But meanwhilehow he would torture
her with his battle against her. She shrank from it.


Howeverthe Sunday after Easter he came to tea. Mrs. Leivers
was glad to see him. She gathered something was fretting him
that he found things hard. He seemed to drift to her for comfort.
And she was good to him. She did him that great kindness of treating
him almost with reverence.


He met her with the young children in the front garden.


I'm glad you've come,said the motherlooking at him
with her great appealing brown eyes. "It is such a sunny day.
I was just going down the fields for the first time this year."


He felt she would like him to come. That soothed him. They went
talking simplyhe gentle and humble. He could have wept with gratitude
that she was deferential to him. He was feeling humiliated.


At the bottom of the Mow Close they found a thrush's nest.


Shall I show you the eggs?he said.


Do!replied Mrs. Leivers. "They seem SUCH a sign of spring
and so hopeful."


He put aside the thornsand took out the eggsholding them
in the palm of his hand.


They are quite hot--I think we frightened her off them,
he said.


Ay, poor thing!said Mrs. Leivers.


Miriam could not help touching the eggsand his hand which
it seemed to hercradled them so well.


Isn't it a strange warmth!she murmuredto get near him.


Blood heat,he answered.


She watched him putting them backhis body pressed against
the hedgehis arm reaching slowly through the thornshis hand
folded carefully over the eggs. He was concentrated on the act.
Seeing him soshe loved him; he seemed so simple and sufficient



to himself. And she could not get to him.


After tea she stood hesitating at the bookshelf. He took
Tartarin de Tarascon. Again they sat on the bank of hay at the foot
of the stack. He read a couple of pagesbut without any heart for it.
Again the dog came racing up to repeat the fun of the other day.
He shoved his muzzle in the man's chest. Paul fingered his ear
for a moment. Then he pushed him away.


Go away, Bill,he said. "I don't want you."


Bill slunk offand Miriam wondered and dreaded
what was coming. There was a silence about the
youth that made her still with apprehension.
It was not his furiesbut his quiet resolutions that she feared.


Turning his face a little to one sideso that she could
not see himhe beganspeaking slowly and painfully:


Do you think--if I didn't come up so much--you might get
to like somebody else--another man?


So this was what he was still harping on.


But I don't know any other men. Why do you ask?she replied
in a low tone that should have been a reproach to him.


Why,he blurtedbecause they say I've no right to come up
like this--without we mean to marry---


Miriam was indignant at anybody's forcing the issues between them.
She had been furious with her own father for suggesting to Paul
laughinglythat he knew why he came so much.


Who says?she askedwondering if her people had anything
to do with it. They had not.


Mother--and the others. They say at this rate everybody will
consider me engaged, and I ought to consider myself so, because it's
not fair to you. And I've tried to find out--and I don't think I
love you as a man ought to love his wife. What do you think about it?


Miriam bowed her head moodily. She was angry at having
this struggle. People should leave him and her alone.


I don't know,she murmured.


Do you think we love each other enough to marry?
he asked definitely. It made her tremble.


No,she answered truthfully. "I don't think so--we're
too young."


I thought perhaps,he went on miserablythat you, with your
intensity in things, might have given me more--than I could ever make
up to you. And even now--if you think it better--we'll be engaged.


Now Miriam wanted to cry. And she was angrytoo. He was
always such a child for people to do as they liked with.


No, I don't think so,she said firmly.


He pondered a minute.



You see,he saidwith me--I don't think one person would
ever monopolize me--be everything to me--I think never.


This she did not consider.


No,she murmured. Thenafter a pauseshe looked at him
and her dark eyes flashed.


This is your mother,she said. "I know she never liked me."


No, no, it isn't,he said hastily. "It was for your sake
she spoke this time. She only saidif I was going onI ought
to consider myself engaged." There was a silence. "And if I ask
you to come down any timeyou won't stop awaywill you?"


She did not answer. By this time she was very angry.


Well, what shall we do?she said shortly. "I suppose I'd
better drop French. I was just beginning to get on with it.
But I suppose I can go on alone."


I don't see that we need,he said. "I can give you
a French lessonsurely."


Well--and there are Sunday nights. I shan't stop coming
to chapel, because I enjoy it, and it's all the social life I get.
But you've no need to come home with me. I can go alone.


All right,he answeredrather taken aback. "But if I ask Edgar
he'll always come with usand then they can say nothing."


There was silence. After allthenshe would not lose much.
For all their talk down at his home there would not be much difference.
She wished they would mind their own business.


And you won't think about it, and let it trouble you, will you?
he asked.


Oh no,replied Miriamwithout looking at him.


He was silent. She thought him unstable. He had no fixity
of purposeno anchor of righteousness that held him.


Because,he continueda man gets across his bicycle--and
goes to work--and does all sorts of things. But a woman broods.


No, I shan't bother,said Miriam. And she meant it.


It had gone rather chilly. They went indoors.


How white Paul looks!Mrs. Leivers exclaimed. "Miriamyou
shouldn't have let him sit out of doors. Do you think you've
taken coldPaul?"


Oh, no!he laughed.


But he felt done up. It wore him outthe conflict in himself.
Miriam pitied him now. But quite earlybefore nine o'clockhe rose
to go.


You're not going home, are you?asked Mrs. Leivers anxiously.


Yes,he replied. "I said I'd be early." He was very awkward.



But this IS early,said Mrs. Leivers.


Miriam sat in the rocking-chairand did not speak.
He hesitatedexpecting her to rise and go with him to the barn
as usual for his bicycle. She remained as she was. He was at a loss.


Well--good-night, all!he faltered.


She spoke her good-night along with all the others.
But as he went past the window he looked in. She saw him pale
his brows knit slightly in a way that had become constant with him
his eyes dark with pain.


She rose and went to the doorway to wave good-bye to him as he
passed through the gate. He rode slowly under the pine-trees
feeling a cur and a miserable wretch. His bicycle went tilting down
the hills at random. He thought it would be a relief to break one's neck.


Two days later he sent her up a book and a little note
urging her to read and be busy.


At this time he gave all his friendship to Edgar.
He loved the family so muchhe loved the farm so much; it was
the dearest place on earth to him. His home was not so lovable.
It was his mother. But then he would have been just as happy with
his mother anywhere. Whereas Willey Farm he loved passionately.
He loved the little pokey kitchenwhere men's boots tramped
and the dog slept with one eye open for fear of being trodden on;
where the lamp hung over the table at nightand everything was so silent.
He loved Miriam's longlow parlourwith its atmosphere of romance
its flowersits booksits high rosewood piano. He loved the gardens
and the buildings that stood with their scarlet roofs on the naked
edges of the fieldscrept towards the wood as if for cosiness
the wild country scooping down a valley and up the uncultured hills of
the other side. Only to be there was an exhilaration and a joy to him.
He loved Mrs. Leiverswith her unworldliness and her quaint cynicism;
he loved Mr. Leiversso warm and young and lovable; he loved Edgar
who lit up when he cameand the boys and the children and
Bill--even the sow Circe and the Indian game-cock called Tippoo.
All this besides Miriam. He could not give it up.


So he went as oftenbut he was usually with Edgar. Only all
the familyincluding the fatherjoined in charades and games
at evening. And laterMiriam drew them togetherand they read
Macbeth out of penny bookstaking parts. It was great excitement.
Miriam was gladand Mrs. Leivers was gladand Mr. Leivers enjoyed it.
Then they all learned songs together from tonic sol-fasinging
in a circle round the fire. But now Paul was very rarely alone
with Miriam. She waited. When she and Edgar and he walked home
together from chapel or from the literary society in Bestwood
she knew his talkso passionate and so unorthodox nowadays
was for her. She did envy Edgarhoweverhis cycling with Paul
his Friday nightshis days working in the fields. For her Friday
nights and her French lessons were gone. She was nearly always alone
walkingpondering in the woodreadingstudyingdreamingwaiting.
And he wrote to her frequently.


One Sunday evening they attained to their old rare harmony.
Edgar had stayed to Communion--he wondered what it was like--with
Mrs. Morel. So Paul came on alone with Miriam to his home. He was
more or less under her spell again. As usualthey were discussing
the sermon. He was setting now full sail towards Agnosticism
but such a religious Agnosticism that Miriam did not suffer so badly.
They were at the Renan Vie de Jesus stage. Miriam was the



threshing-floor on which he threshed out all his beliefs. While he
trampled his ideas upon her soulthe truth came out for him. She alone
was his threshing-floor. She alone helped him towards realization.
Almost impassiveshe submitted to his argument and expounding.
And somehowbecause of herhe gradually realized where he was wrong.
And what he realizedshe realized. She felt he could not do without her.


They came to the silent house. He took the key out of
the scullery windowand they entered. All the time he went
on with his discussion. He lit the gasmended the fire
and brought her some cakes from the pantry. She sat on the sofa
quietlywith a plate on her knee. She wore a large white hat
with some pinkish flowers. It was a cheap hatbut he liked it.
Her face beneath was still and pensivegolden-brown and ruddy.
Always her ears were hid in her short curls. She watched him.


She liked him on Sundays. Then he wore a dark suit that showed the
lithe movement of his body. There was a cleanclear-cut look about him.
He went on with his thinking to her. Suddenly he reached for a Bible.
Miriam liked the way he reached up--so sharpstraight to the mark.
He turned the pages quicklyand read her a chapter of St. John.
As he sat in the armchair readingintenthis voice only thinking
she felt as if he were using her unconsciously as a man uses his
tools at some work he is bent on. She loved it. And the wistfulness
of his voice was like a reaching to somethingand it was as if she
were what he reached with. She sat back on the sofa away from him
and yet feeling herself the very instrument his hand grasped.
It gave her great pleasure.


Then he began to falter and to get self-conscious. And when he
came to the verseA woman, when she is in travail, hath sorrow
because her hour is comehe missed it out. Miriam had felt him
growing uncomfortable. She shrank when the well-known words did
not follow. He went on readingbut she did not hear. A grief
and shame made her bend her head. Six months ago he would have
read it simply. Now there was a scotch in his running with her.
Now she felt there was really something hostile between them
something of which they were ashamed.


She ate her cake mechanically. He tried to go on with his argument
but could not get back the right note. Soon Edgar came in.
Mrs. Morel had gone to her friends'. The three set off to Willey Farm.


Miriam brooded over his split with her. There was something else
he wanted. He could not be satisfied; he could give her no peace.
There was between them now always a ground for strife.
She wanted to prove him. She believed that his chief need in life
was herself. If she could prove itboth to herself and to him
the rest might go; she could simply trust to the future.


So in May she asked him to come to Willey Farm and meet
Mrs. Dawes. There was something he hankered after. She saw him
whenever they spoke of Clara Dawesrouse and get slightly angry.
He said he did not like her. Yet he was keen to know about her.
Wellhe should put himself to the test. She believed that there
were in him desires for higher thingsand desires for lowerand that
the desire for the higher would conquer. At any ratehe should try.
She forgot that her "higher" and "lower" were arbitrary.


He was rather excited at the idea of meeting Clara at Willey Farm.
Mrs. Dawes came for the day. Her heavydun-coloured hair was
coiled on top of her head. She wore a white blouse and navy skirt
and somehowwherever she wasseemed to make things look paltry
and insignificant. When she was in the roomthe kitchen seemed



too small and mean altogether. Miriam's beautiful twilighty
parlour looked stiff and stupid. All the Leivers were eclipsed
like candles. They found her rather hard to put up with.
Yet she was perfectly amiablebut indifferentand rather hard.


Paul did not come till afternoon. He was early. As he swung
off his bicycleMiriam saw him look round at the house eagerly.
He would be disappointed if the visitor had not come. Miriam went
out to meet himbowing her head because of the sunshine.
Nasturtiums were coming out crimson under the cool green shadow
of their leaves. The girl stooddark-hairedglad to see him.


Hasn't Clara come?he asked.


Yes,replied Miriam in her musical tone. "She's reading."


He wheeled his bicycle into the barn. He had put
on a handsome tieof which he was rather proudand socks to match.


She came this morning?he asked.


Yes,replied Miriamas she walked at his side. "You said you'd
bring me that letter from the man at Liberty's. Have you remembered?"


Oh, dash, no!he said. "But nag at me till you get it."


I don't like to nag at you.


Do it whether or not. And is she any more agreeable?
he continued.


You know I always think she is quite agreeable.


He was silent. Evidently his eagerness to be early to-day
had been the newcomer. Miriam already began to suffer. They went
together towards the house. He took the clips off his trousers
but was too lazy to brush the dust from his shoesin spite of the
socks and tie.


Clara sat in the cool parlour reading. He saw the nape of her
white neckand the fine hair lifted from it. She roselooking at
him indifferently. To shake hands she lifted her arm straight
in a manner that seemed at once to keep him at a distance
and yet to fling something to him. He noticed how her breasts
swelled inside her blouseand how her shoulder curved handsomely
under the thin muslin at the top of her arm.


You have chosen a fine day,he said.


It happens so,she said.


Yes,he said; "I am glad."


She sat downnot thanking him for his politeness.


What have you been doing all morning?asked Paul of Miriam.


Well, you see,said Miriamcoughing huskilyClara only
came with father--and so--she's not been here very long.


Clara sat leaning on the tableholding aloof. He noticed
her hands were largebut well kept. And the skin on them seemed
almost coarseopaqueand whitewith fine golden hairs. She did
not mind if he observed her hands. She intended to scorn him.



Her heavy arm lay negligently on the table. Her mouth was closed
as if she were offendedand she kept her face slightly averted.

You were at Margaret Bonford's meeting the other evening,
he said to her.

Miriam did not know this courteous Paul. Clara glanced at him.

Yes,she said.

Why,asked Miriamhow do you know?

I went in for a few minutes before the train came,he answered.

Clara turned away again rather disdainfully.

I think she's a lovable little woman,said Paul.

Margaret Bonford!exclaimed Clara. "She's a great deal
cleverer than most men."

Well, I didn't say she wasn't,he saiddeprecating.
She's lovable for all that.

And, of course, that is all that matters,said Clara witheringly.

He rubbed his headrather perplexedrather annoyed.

I suppose it matters more than her cleverness,he said;
which, after all, would never get her to heaven.

It's not heaven she wants to get--it's her fair share on earth,
retorted Clara. She spoke as if he were responsible for some
deprivation which Miss Bonford suffered.

Well,he saidI thought she was warm, and awfully nice--only
too frail. I wished she was sitting comfortably in peace---

'Darning her husband's stockings,'said Clara scathingly.

I'm sure she wouldn't mind darning even my stockings,he said.
And I'm sure she'd do them well. Just as I wouldn't mind blacking
her boots if she wanted me to.

But Clara refused to answer this sally of his. He talked
to Miriam for a little while. The other woman held aloof.

Well,he saidI think I'll go and see Edgar. Is he
on the land?

I believe,said Miriamhe's gone for a load of coal.
He should be back directly.

Then,he saidI'll go and meet him.

Miriam dared not propose anything for the three of them.
He rose and left them.

On the top roadwhere the gorse was outhe saw Edgar walking
lazily beside the marewho nodded her white-starred forehead
as she dragged the clanking load of coal. The young farmer's face
lighted up as he saw his friend. Edgar was good-lookingwith dark
warm eyes. His clothes were old and rather disreputableand he
walked with considerable pride.


Hello!he saidseeing Paul bareheaded. "Where are you going?"

Came to meet you. Can't stand 'Nevermore.'

Edgar's teeth flashed in a laugh of amusement.

Who is 'Nevermore'?he asked.

The lady--Mrs. Dawes--it ought to be Mrs. The Raven that quothed
'Nevermore.'


Edgar laughed with glee.


Don't you like her?he asked.


Not a fat lot,said Paul. "Whydo you?"


No!The answer came with a deep ring of conviction. "No!"
Edgar pursed up his lips. "I can't say she's much in my line."
He mused a little. Then: "But why do you call her 'Nevermore'?"
he asked.


Well,said Paulif she looks at a man she says haughtily
'Nevermore,' and if she looks at herself in the looking-glass she
says disdainfully 'Nevermore,' and if she thinks back she says it
in disgust, and if she looks forward she says it cynically.


Edgar considered this speechfailed to make much out of it
and saidlaughing:


You think she's a man-hater?


SHE thinks she is,replied Paul.


But you don't think so?


No,replied Paul.


Wasn't she nice with you, then?


Could you imagine her NICE with anybody?asked the young man.


Edgar laughed. Together they unloaded the coal in the yard.
Paul was rather self-consciousbecause he knew Clara could see if she
looked out of the window. She didn't look.


On Saturday afternoons the horses were brushed down and groomed.
Paul and Edgar worked togethersneezing with the dust that came
from the pelts of Jimmy and Flower.


Do you know a new song to teach me?said Edgar.


He continued to work all the time. The back of his neck
was sun-red when he bent downand his fingers that held the brush
were thick. Paul watched him sometimes.


'Mary Morrison'?suggested the younger.


Edgar agreed. He had a good tenor voiceand he loved to learn
all the songs his friend could teach himso that he could sing
whilst he was carting. Paul had a very indifferent baritone voice
but a good ear. Howeverhe sang softlyfor fear of Clara.
Edgar repeated the line in a clear tenor. At times they both broke



off to sneezeand first onethen the otherabused his horse.

Miriam was impatient of men. It took so little to amuse
them--even Paul. She thought it anomalous in him that he could
be so thoroughly absorbed in a triviality.

It was tea-time when they had finished.

What song was that?asked Miriam.

Edgar told her. The conversation turned to singing.

We have such jolly times,Miriam said to Clara.

Mrs. Dawes ate her meal in a slowdignified way.
Whenever the men were present she grew distant.

Do you like singing?Miriam asked her.

If it is good,she said.

Paulof coursecoloured.

You mean if it is high-class and trained?he said.

I think a voice needs training before the singing is anything,
she said.

You might as well insist on having people's voices trained
before you allowed them to talk,he replied. "Reallypeople sing
for their own pleasureas a rule."

And it may be for other people's discomfort.

Then the other people should have flaps to their ears,
he replied.

The boys laughed. There was a silence. He flushed deeply
and ate in silence.

After teawhen all the men had gone but PaulMrs. Leivers
said to Clara:

And you find life happier now?

Infinitely.

And you are satisfied?

So long as I can be free and independent.

And you don't MISS anything in your life?
asked Mrs. Leivers gently.

I've put all that behind me.

Paul had been feeling uncomfortable during this discourse.
He got up.

You'll find you're always tumbling over the things you've put
behind you,he said. Then he took his departure to the cowsheds.
He felt he had been wittyand his manly pride was high. He whistled
as he went down the brick track.


Miriam came for him a little later to know if he would go with
Clara and her for a walk. They set off down to Strelley Mill Farm.
As they were going beside the brookon the Willey Water side
looking through the brake at the edge of the woodwhere pink campions
glowed under a few sunbeamsthey sawbeyond the tree-trunks
and the thin hazel bushesa man leading a great bay horse through
the gullies. The big red beast seemed to dance romantically
through that dimness of green hazel driftaway there
where the air was shadowyas if it were in the past
among the fading bluebells that might have bloomed
for Deidre or Iseult.


The three stood charmed.


What a treat to be a knight,he saidand to have
a pavilion here.


And to have us shut up safely?replied Clara.


Yes,he answeredsinging with your maids at your broidery.
I would carry your banner of white and green and heliotrope. I would
have 'W.S.P.U.' emblazoned on my shield, beneath a woman rampant.


I have no doubt,said Clarathat you would much rather
fight for a woman than let her fight for herself.


I would. When she fights for herself she seems like a dog
before a looking-glass, gone into a mad fury with its own shadow.


And YOU are the looking-glass?she askedwith a curl
of the lip.


Or the shadow,he replied.


I am afraid,she saidthat you are too clever.


Well, I leave it to you to be GOOD,he retortedlaughing.
Be good, sweet maid, and just let ME be clever.


But Clara wearied of his flippancy. Suddenlylooking at her
he saw that the upward lifting of her face was misery and not scorn.
His heart grew tender for everybody. He turned and was gentle
with Miriamwhom he had neglected till then.


At the wood's edge they met Limba thinswarthy man of forty
tenant of Strelley Millwhich he ran as a cattle-raising farm.
He held the halter of the powerful stallion indifferentlyas if he
were tired. The three stood to let him pass over the stepping-stones
of the first brook. Paul admired that so large an animal should
walk on such springy toeswith an endless excess of vigour.
Limb pulled up before them.


Tell your father, Miss Leivers,he saidin a peculiar
piping voicethat his young beas'es 'as broke that bottom fence
three days an' runnin'.


Which?asked Miriamtremulous.


The great horse breathed heavilyshifting round its red flanks
and looking suspiciously with its wonderful big eyes upwards from
under its lowered head and falling mane.


Come along a bit,replied Limban' I'll show you.



The man and the stallion went forward. It danced sideways
shaking its white fetlocks and looking frightenedas it felt itself
in the brook.

No hanky-pankyin',said the man affectionately to the beast.

It went up the bank in little leapsthen splashed finely through
the second brook. Clarawalking with a kind of sulky abandon
watched it half-fascinatedhalf-contemptuous. Limb stopped
and pointed to the fence under some willows.

There, you see where they got through,he said. "My man's
druv 'em back three times."

Yes,answered Miriamcolouring as if she were at fault.

Are you comin' in?asked the man.

No, thanks; but we should like to go by the pond.

Well, just as you've a mind,he said.

The horse gave little whinneys of pleasure at being so near home.

He is glad to be back,said Clarawho was interested
in the creature.

Yes--'e's been a tidy step to-day.

They went through the gateand saw approaching them from
the big farmhouse a smallishdarkexcitable-looking woman
of about thirty-five. Her hair was touched with greyher dark
eyes looked wild. She walked with her hands behind her back.
Her brother went forward. As it saw herthe big bay stallion
whinneyed again. She came up excitedly.

Are you home again, my boy!she said tenderly to the horse
not to the man. The great beast shifted round to herducking his head.
She smuggled into his mouth the wrinkled yellow apple she had
been hiding behind her backthen she kissed him near the eyes.
He gave a big sigh of pleasure. She held his head in her arms
against her breast.

Isn't he splendid!said Miriam to her.

Miss Limb looked up. Her dark eyes glanced straight at Paul.

Oh, good-evening, Miss Leivers,she said. "It's ages
since you've been down."

Miriam introduced her friends.

Your horse IS a fine fellow!said Clara.

Isn't he!Again she kissed him. "As loving as any man!"

More loving than most men, I should think,replied Clara.

He's a nice boy!cried the womanagain embracing the horse.

Clarafascinated by the big beastwent up to stroke his neck.

He's quite gentle,said Miss Limb. "Don't you think big
fellows are?"


He's a beauty!replied Clara.
She wanted to look in his eyes. She wanted him to look at her.
It's a pity he can't talk,she said.
Oh, but he can--all but,replied the other woman.
Then her brother moved on with the horse.
Are you coming in? DO come in, Mr.--I didn't catch it.
Morel,said Miriam. "Nowe won't come inbut we should


like to go by the mill-pond."
Yes--yes, do. Do you fish, Mr. Morel?
No,said Paul.
Because if you do you might come and fish any time,


said Miss Limb. "We scarcely see a soul from week's end to week's end.
I should be thankful."


What fish are there in the pond?he asked.
They went through the front gardenover the sluice
and up the steep bank to the pondwhich lay in shadowwith its
two wooded islets. Paul walked with Miss Limb.


I shouldn't mind swimming here,he said.
Do,she replied. "Come when you like. My brother will be


awfully pleased to talk with you. He is so quietbecause there
is no one to talk to. Do come and swim."
Clara came up.
It's a fine depth,she saidand so clear.
Yes,said Miss Limb.
Do you swim?said Paul. "Miss Limb was just saying we could


come when we liked."
Of course there's the farm-hands,said Miss Limb.
They talked a few momentsthen went on up the wild hill


leaving the lonelyhaggard-eyed woman on the bank.


The hillside was all ripe with sunshine. It was wild and tussocky
given over to rabbits. The three walked in silence. Then:
She makes me feel uncomfortable,said Paul.
You mean Miss Limb?asked Miriam. "Yes."
What's a matter with her? Is she going dotty with being


too lonely?
Yes,said Miriam. "It's not the right sort of life for her.
I think it's cruel to bury her there. I really ought to go and see
her more. But--she upsets me."



She makes me feel sorry for her--yes, and she bothers me,
he said.


I suppose,blurted Clara suddenlyshe wants a man.


The other two were silent for a few moments.


But it's the loneliness sends her cracked,said Paul.


Clara did not answerbut strode on uphill. She was walking
with her hand hangingher legs swinging as she kicked through
the dead thistles and the tussocky grassher arms hanging loose.
Rather than walkingher handsome body seemed to be blundering up
the hill. A hot wave went over Paul. He was curious about her.
Perhaps life had been cruel to her. He forgot Miriamwho was walking
beside him talking to him. She glanced at himfinding he did not
answer her. His eyes were fixed ahead on Clara.


Do you still think she is disagreeable?she asked.


He did not notice that the question was sudden. It ran
with his thoughts.


Something's the matter with her,he said.


Yes,answered Miriam.


They found at the top of the hill a hidden wild field
two sides of which were backed by the woodthe other sides by high
loose hedges of hawthorn and elder bushes. Between these overgrown
bushes were gaps that the cattle might have walked through had
there been any cattle now. There the turf was smooth as velveteen
padded and holed by the rabbits. The field itself was coarse
and crowded with tallbig cowslips that had never been cut.
Clusters of strong flowers rose everywhere above the coarse
tussocks of bent. It was like a roadstead crowded with tan
fairy shipping.


Ah!cried Miriamand she looked at Paulher dark eyes dilating.
He smiled. Together they enjoyed the field of flowers. Clara
a little way offwas looking at the cowslips disconsolately.
Paul and Miriam stayed close togethertalking in subdued tones.
He kneeled on one kneequickly gathering the best blossoms
moving from tuft to tuft restlesslytalking softly all the time.
Miriam plucked the flowers lovinglylingering over them.
He always seemed to her too quick and almost scientific.
Yet his bunches had a natural beauty more than hers.
He loved thembut as if they were his and he had a right
to them. She had more reverence for them:
they held something she had not.


The flowers were very fresh and sweet. He wanted to drink them.
As he gathered themhe ate the little yellow trumpets.
Clara was still wandering about disconsolately. Going towards her
he said:


Why don't you get some?


I don't believe in it. They look better growing.


But you'd like some?


They want to be left.



I don't believe they do.

I don't want the corpses of flowers about me,she said.

That's a stiff, artificial notion,he said. "They don't die
any quicker in water than on their roots. And besidesthey LOOK
nice in a bowl--they look jolly. And you only call a thing a corpse
because it looks corpse-like."


Whether it is one or not?she argued.


It isn't one to me. A dead flower isn't a corpse of a flower.


Clara now ignored him.


And even so--what right have you to pull them?she asked.


Because I like them, and want them--and there's plenty of them.


And that is sufficient?


Yes. Why not? I'm sure they'd smell nice in your room
in Nottingham.


And I should have the pleasure of watching them die.


But then--it does not matter if they do die.


Whereupon he left herand went stooping over the clumps
of tangled flowers which thickly sprinkled the field like pale
luminous foam-clots. Miriam had come close. Clara was kneeling
breathing some scent from the cowslips.


I think,said Miriamif you treat them with reverence you
don't do them any harm. It is the spirit you pluck them in that matters.


Yes,he said. "But noyou get 'em because you want 'em
and that's all." He held out his bunch.


Miriam was silent. He picked some more.


Look at these!he continued; "sturdy and lusty like little
trees and like boys with fat legs."


Clara's hat lay on the grass not far off. She was kneeling
bending forward still to smell the flowers. Her neck gave him
a sharp pangsuch a beautiful thingyet not proud of itself
just now. Her breasts swung slightly in her blouse. The arching
curve of her back was beautiful and strong; she wore no stays.
Suddenlywithout knowinghe was scattering a handful of cowslips
over her hair and necksaying:


Ashes to ashes, and dust to dust,
If the Lord won't have you the devil must.


The chill flowers fell on her neck. She looked up at him
with almost pitifulscared grey eyeswondering what he was doing.
Flowers fell on her faceand she shut her eyes.

Suddenlystanding there above herhe felt awkward.

I thought you wanted a funeral,he saidill at ease.

Clara laughed strangelyand rosepicking the cowslips from


her hair. She took up her hat and pinned it on. One flower had
remained tangled in her hair. He sawbut would not tell her.
He gathered up the flowers he had sprinkled over her.


At the edge of the wood the bluebells had flowed over into the
field and stood there like flood-water. But they were fading now.
Clara strayed up to them. He wandered after her. The bluebells
pleased him.


Look how they've come out of the wood!he said.


Then she turned with a flash of warmth and of gratitude.


Yes,she smiled.


His blood beat up.


It makes me think of the wild men of the woods, how terrified
they would be when they got breast to breast with the open space.


Do you think they were?she asked.


I wonder which was more frightened among old tribes--those
bursting out of their darkness of woods upon all the space of light,
or those from the open tiptoeing into the forests.


I should think the second,she answered.


Yes, you DO feel like one of the open space sort, trying to
force yourself into the dark, don't you?


How should I know?she answered queerly.


The conversation ended there.


The evening was deepening over the earth. Already the valley was
full of shadow. One tiny square of light stood opposite at Crossleigh
Bank Farm. Brightness was swimming on the tops of the hills.
Miriam came up slowlyher face in her bigloose bunch of flowers
walking ankle-deep through the scattered froth of the cowslips.
Beyond her the trees were coming into shapeall shadow.


Shall we go?she asked.


And the three turned away. They were all silent.
Going down the path they could see the light of home right across
and on the ridge of the hill a thin dark outline with little lights
where the colliery village touched the sky.


It has been nice, hasn't it?he asked.


Miriam murmured assent. Clara was silent.


Don't you think so?he persisted.


But she walked with her head upand still did not answer.
He could tell by the way she movedas if she didn't care
that she suffered.


At this time Paul took his mother to Lincoln. She was bright
and enthusiastic as everbut as he sat opposite her in the
railway carriageshe seemed to look frail. He had a momentary
sensation as if she were slipping away from him. Then he
wanted to get hold of herto fasten heralmost to chain her.



He felt he must keep hold of her with his hand.


They drew near to the city. Both were at the window looking
for the cathedral.


There she is, mother!he cried.


They saw the great cathedral lying couchant above the plain.


Ah!she exclaimed. "So she is!"


He looked at his mother. Her blue eyes were watching the
cathedral quietly. She seemed again to be beyond him. Something in
the eternal repose of the uplifted cathedralblue and noble
against the skywas reflected in hersomething of the fatality.
What wasWAS. With all his young will he could not alter it.
He saw her facethe skin still fresh and pink and downy
but crow's-feet near her eyesher eyelids steadysinking a little
her mouth always closed with disillusion; and there was on her the same
eternal lookas if she knew fate at last. He beat against it
with all the strength of his soul.


Look, mother, how big she is above the town! Think, there are streets
and streets below her! She looks bigger than the city altogether.


So she does!exclaimed his motherbreaking bright
into life again. But he had seen her sittinglooking steady
out of the window at the cathedralher face and eyes fixed
reflecting the relentlessness of life. And the crow's-feet near
her eyesand her mouth shut so hardmade him feel he would go mad.


They ate a meal that she considered wildly extravagant.


Don't imagine I like it,she saidas she ate her cutlet.
I DON'T like it, I really don't! Just THINK of your money wasted!


You never mind my money,he said. "You forget I'm a fellow
taking his girl for an outing."


And he bought her some blue violets.


Stop it at once, sir!she commanded. "How can I do it?"


You've got nothing to do. Stand still!


And in the middle of High Street he stuck the flowers in her coat.


An old thing like me!she saidsniffing.


You see,he saidI want people to think we're awful swells.
So look ikey.


I'll jowl your head,she laughed.


Strut!he commanded. "Be a fantail pigeon."


It took him an hour to get her through the street. She stood
above Glory Holeshe stood before Stone Bowshe stood everywhere
and exclaimed.


A man came uptook off his hatand bowed to her.


Can I show you the town, madam?



No, thank you,she answered. "I've got my son."

Then Paul was cross with her for not answering with more dignity.

You go away with you!she exclaimed. "Ha! that's
the Jew's House. Nowdo you remember that lecturePaul--?"


But she could scarcely climb the cathedral hill.
He did not notice. Then suddenly he found her unable to speak.
He took her into a little public-housewhere she rested.


It's nothing,she said. "My heart is only a bit old;
one must expect it."


He did not answerbut looked at her. Again his heart was
crushed in a hot grip. He wanted to cryhe wanted to smash things
in fury.


They set off againpace by paceso slowly. And every
step seemed like a weight on his chest. He felt as if his heart
would burst. At last they came to the top. She stood enchanted
looking at the castle gatelooking at the cathedral front.
She had quite forgotten herself.


Now THIS is better than I thought it could be!she cried.


But he hated it. Everywhere he followed herbrooding.
They sat together in the cathedral. They attended a little service
in the choir. She was timid.


I suppose it is open to anybody?she asked him.


Yes,he replied. "Do you think they'd have the damned cheek
to send us away."


Well, I'm sure,she exclaimedthey would if they heard
your language.


Her face seemed to shine again with joy and peace during
the service. And all the time he was wanting to rage and smash
things and cry.


Afterwardswhen they were leaning over the walllooking at
the town belowhe blurted suddenly:


Why can't a man have a YOUNG mother? What is she old for?


Well,his mother laughedshe can scarcely help it.


And why wasn't I the oldest son? Look--they say the young
ones have the advantage--but look, THEY had the young mother.
You should have had me for your eldest son.


I didn't arrange it,she remonstrated. "Come to consider
you're as much to blame as me."


He turned on herwhitehis eyes furious.


What are you old for!he saidmad with his impotence.
WHY can't you walk? WHY can't you come with me to places?


At one time,she repliedI could have run up that hill
a good deal better than you.



What's the good of that to ME?he criedhitting his fist
on the wall. Then he became plaintive. "It's too bad of you
to be ill. Littleit is--"

Ill!she cried. "I'm a bit oldand you'll have to put up
with itthat's all."

They were quiet. But it was as much as they could bear. They got
jolly again over tea. As they sat by Brayfordwatching the boats
he told her about Clara. His mother asked him innumerable questions.

Then who does she live with?

With her mother, on Bluebell Hill.

And have they enough to keep them?

I don't think so. I think they do lace work.

And wherein lies her charm, my boy?

I don't know that she's charming, mother. But she's nice.
And she seems straight, you know--not a bit deep, not a bit.

But she's a good deal older than you.

She's thirty, I'm going on twenty-three.

You haven't told me what you like her for.

Because I don't know--a sort of defiant way she's got--a sort
of angry way.

Mrs. Morel considered. She would have been glad now for her son
to fall in love with some woman who would--she did not know what.
But he fretted sogot so furious suddenlyand again was melancholic.
She wished he knew some nice woman-- She did not know what she wished
but left it vague. At any rateshe was not hostile to the idea
of Clara.

Annietoowas getting married. Leonard had gone away to work
in Birmingham. One week-end when he was home she had said to him:

You don't look very well, my lad.

I dunno,he said. "I feel anyhow or nohowma."

He called her "ma" already in his boyish fashion.

Are you sure they're good lodgings?she asked.

Yes--yes. Only--it's a winder when you have to pour your own
tea out--an' nobody to grouse if you team it in your saucer and sup
it up. It somehow takes a' the taste out of it.

Mrs. Morel laughed.

And so it knocks you up?she said.

I dunno. I want to get married,he blurtedtwisting his
fingers and looking down at his boots. There was a silence.

But,she exclaimedI thought you said you'd wait another year.


Yes, I did say so,he replied stubbornly.

Again she considered.

And you know,she saidAnnie's a bit of a spendthrift.
She's saved no more than eleven pounds. And I know, lad, you haven't
had much chance.


He coloured up to the ears.


I've got thirty-three quid,he said.


It doesn't go far,she answered.


He said nothingbut twisted his fingers.


And you know,she saidI've nothing---


I didn't want, ma!he criedvery redsuffering and remonstrating.


No, my lad, I know. I was only wishing I had. And take away
five pounds for the wedding and things--it leaves twenty-nine pounds.
You won't do much on that.


He twisted stillimpotentstubbornnot looking up.


But do you really want to get married?she asked. "Do you
feel as if you ought?"


He gave her one straight look from his blue eyes.


Yes,he said.


Then,she repliedwe must all do the best we can for it, lad.


The next time he looked up there were tears in his eyes.


I don't want Annie to feel handicapped,he saidstruggling.


My lad,she saidyou're steady--you've got a decent place.
If a man had NEEDED me I'd have married him on his last week's wages.
She may find it a bit hard to start humbly. Young girls ARE like that.
They look forward to the fine home they think they'll have.
But I had expensive furniture. It's not everything.


So the wedding took place almost immediately. Arthur came home
and was splendid in uniform. Annie looked nice in a dove-grey
dress that she could take for Sundays. Morel called her a fool
for getting marriedand was cool with his son-in-law. Mrs. Morel
had white tips in her bonnetand some white on her blouse
and was teased by both her sons for fancying herself so grand.
Leonard was jolly and cordialand felt a fearful fool. Paul could
not quite see what Annie wanted to get married for. He was fond of her
and she of him. Stillhe hoped rather lugubriously that it would
turn out all right. Arthur was astonishingly handsome in his scarlet
and yellowand he knew it wellbut was secretly ashamed of the uniform.
Annie cried her eyes up in the kitchenon leaving her mother.
Mrs. Morel cried a littlethen patted her on the back and said:


But don't cry, child, he'll be good to you.


Morel stamped and said she was a fool to go and tie herself up.
Leonard looked white and overwrought. Mrs. Morel said to him:



I s'll trust her to you, my lad, and hold you responsible
for her.


You can,he saidnearly dead with the ordeal. And it
was all over.


When Morel and Arthur were in bedPaul sat talkingas he
often didwith his mother.


You're not sorry she's married, mother, are you?he asked.


I'm not sorry she's married--but--it seems strange that she
should go from me. It even seems to me hard that she can prefer
to go with her Leonard. That's how mothers are--I know it's silly.


And shall you be miserable about her?


When I think of my own wedding day,his mother answered
I can only hope her life will be different.


But you can trust him to be good to her?


Yes, yes. They say he's not good enough for her. But I say
if a man is GENUINE, as he is, and a girl is fond of him--then--it
should be all right. He's as good as she.


So you don't mind?


I would NEVER have let a daughter of mine marry a man I didn't
FEEL to be genuine through and through. And yet, there's a gap
now she's gone.


They were both miserableand wanted her back again.
It seemed to Paul his mother looked lonelyin her new black silk
blouse with its bit of white trimming.


At any rate, mother, I s'll never marry,he said.


Ay, they all say that, my lad. You've not met the one yet.
Only wait a year or two.


But I shan't marry, mother. I shall live with you, and we'll
have a servant.


Ay, my lad, it's easy to talk. We'll see when the time comes.


What time? I'm nearly twenty-three.


Yes, you're not one that would marry young. But in
three years' time---


I shall be with you just the same.


We'll see, my boy, we'll see.


But you don't want me to marry?


I shouldn't like to think of you going through your life
without anybody to care for you and do--no.


And you think I ought to marry?


Sooner or later every man ought.



But you'd rather it were later.

It would be hard--and very hard. It's as they say:

'A son's my son till he takes him a wife
But my daughter's my daughter the whole of her life.'"


And you think I'd let a wife take me from you?


Well, you wouldn't ask her to marry your mother as well as you,
Mrs. Morel smiled.


She could do what she liked; she wouldn't have to interfere.


She wouldn't--till she'd got you--and then you'd see.


I never will see. I'll never marry while I've got you--I won't.


But I shouldn't like to leave you with nobody, my boy,
she cried.


You're not going to leave me. What are you? Fifty-three! I'll
give you till seventy-five. There you are, I'm fat and forty-four.
Then I'll marry a staid body. See!


His mother sat and laughed.


Go to bed,she said--"go to bed."


And we'll have a pretty house, you and me, and a servant,
and it'll be just all right. I s'll perhaps be rich with my painting.


Will you go to bed!


And then you s'll have a pony-carriage. See yourself--a little
Queen Victoria trotting round.


I tell you to go to bed,she laughed.


He kissed her and went. His plans for the future were always
the same.


Mrs. Morel sat brooding--about her daughterabout Paul
about Arthur. She fretted at losing Annie. The family was very
closely bound. And she felt she MUST live nowto be with her
children. Life was so rich for her. Paul wanted herand so did Arthur.
Arthur never knew how deeply he loved her. He was a creature
of the moment. Never yet had he been forced to realise himself.
The army had disciplined his bodybut not his soul. He was in
perfect health and very handsome. His darkvigorous hair sat close
to his smallish head. There was something childish about his nose
something almost girlish about his dark blue eyes. But he had the fun
red mouth of a man under his brown moustacheand his jaw was strong.
It was his father's mouth; it was the nose and eyes of her own mother's
people--good-lookingweak-principled folk. Mrs. Morel was anxious
about him. Once he had really run the rig he was safe. But how far
would he go?


The army had not really done him any good. He resented
bitterly the authority of the officers. He hated having to obey
as if he were an animal. But he had too much sense to kick.
So he turned his attention to getting the best out of it.
He could singhe was a boon-companion. Often he got into scrapes
but they were the manly scrapes that are easily condoned. So he made



a good time out of itwhilst his self-respect was in suppression.
He trusted to his good looks and handsome figurehis refinement
his decent education to get him most of what he wantedand he
was not disappointed. Yet he was restless. Something seemed
to gnaw him inside. He was never stillhe was never alone.
With his mother he was rather humble. Paul he admired and loved
and despised slightly. And Paul admired and loved and despised
him slightly.


Mrs. Morel had had a few pounds left to her by her father
and she decided to buy her son out of the army. He was wild with joy.
Now he was like a lad taking a holiday.


He had always been fond of Beatrice Wyldand during his furlough
he picked up with her again. She was stronger and better in health.
The two often went long walks togetherArthur taking her arm
in soldier's fashionrather stiffly. And she came to play the
piano whilst he sang. Then Arthur would unhook his tunic collar.
He grew flushedhis eyes were brighthe sang in a manly tenor.
Afterwards they sat together on the sofa. He seemed to flaunt
his body: she was aware of him so--the strong chestthe sides
the thighs in their close-fitting trousers.


He liked to lapse into the dialect when he talked to her.
She would sometimes smoke with him. Occasionally she
would only take a few whiffs at his cigarette.


Nay,he said to her one eveningwhen she reached
for his cigarette. "Naytha doesna. I'll gi'e thee a smoke
kiss if ter's a mind."


I wanted a whiff, no kiss at all,she answered.


Well, an' tha s'lt ha'e a whiff,he saidalong wi' t' kiss.


I want a draw at thy fag,she criedsnatching for the
cigarette between his lips.


He was sitting with his shoulder touching her. She was small
and quick as lightning. He just escaped.


I'll gi'e thee a smoke kiss,he said.


Tha'rt a knivey nuisance, Arty Morel,she saidsitting back.


Ha'e a smoke kiss?


The soldier leaned forward to hersmiling. His face was
near hers.


Shonna!she repliedturning away her head.


He took a draw at his cigaretteand pursed up his mouth
and put his lips close to her. His dark-brown cropped moustache
stood out like a brush. She looked at the puckered crimson lips
then suddenly snatched the cigarette from his fingers and darted away.
Heleaping after herseized the comb from her back hair. She turned
threw the cigarette at him. He picked it upput it in his mouth
and sat down.


Nuisance!she cried. "Give me my comb!"


She was afraid that her hairspecially done for him
would come down. She stood with her hands to her head. He hid



the comb between his knees.

I've non got it,he said.

The cigarette trembled between his lips with laughter as he spoke.

Liar!she said.

'S true as I'm here!he laughedshowing his hands.

You brazen imp!she exclaimedrushing and scuffling for
the combwhich he had under his knees. As she wrestled with him
pulling at his smoothtight-covered kneeshe laughed till he
lay back on the sofa shaking with laughter. The cigarette fell
from his mouth almost singeing his throat. Under his delicate tan
the blood flushed upand he laughed till his blue eyes were blinded
his throat swollen almost to choking. Then he sat up. Beatrice was
putting in her comb.


Tha tickled me, Beat,he said thickly.


Like a flash her small white hand went out and smacked his face.
He started upglaring at her. They stared at each other.
Slowly the flush mounted her cheekshe dropped her eyesthen her head.
He sat down sulkily. She went into the scullery to adjust her hair.
In private there she shed a few tearsshe did not know what for.


When she returned she was pursed up close. But it was only a film
over her fire. Hewith ruffled hairwas sulking upon the sofa.
She sat down oppositein the armchairand neither spoke.
The clock ticked in the silence like blows.


You are a little cat, Beat,he said at lengthhalf apologetically.


Well, you shouldn't be brazen,she replied.


There was again a long silence. He whistled to himself
like a man much agitated but defiant. Suddenly she went across
to him and kissed him.


Did it, pore fing!she mocked.


He lifted his facesmiling curiously.


Kiss?he invited her.


Daren't I?she asked.


Go on!he challengedhis mouth lifted to her.


Deliberatelyand with a peculiar quivering smile that
seemed to overspread her whole bodyshe put her mouth on his.
Immediately his arms folded round her. As soon as the long kiss was
finished she drew back her head from himput her delicate fingers
on his neckthrough the open collar. Then she closed her eyes
giving herself up again in a kiss.


She acted of her own free will. What she would do she did
and made nobody responsible.


Paul felt life changing around him. The conditions of youth
were gone. Now it was a home of grown-up people. Annie was
a married womanArthur was following his own pleasure in a way



unknown to his folk. For so long they had all lived at home
and gone out to pass their time. But nowfor Annie and Arthur
life lay outside their mother's house. They came home for holiday
and for rest. So there was that strangehalf-empty feeling about
the houseas if the birds had flown. Paul became more and more
unsettled. Annie and Arthur had gone. He was restless to follow.
Yet home was for him beside his mother. And still there was
something elsesomething outsidesomething he wanted.


He grew more and more restless. Miriam did not satisfy him.
His old mad desire to be with her grew weaker. Sometimes he met
Clara in Nottinghamsometimes he went to meetings with her
sometimes he saw her at Willey Farm. But on these last occasions
the situation became strained. There was a triangle of antagonism
between Paul and Clara and Miriam. With Clara he took on a smart
worldlymocking tone very antagonistic to Miriam. It did not
matter what went before. She might be intimate and sad with him.
Then as soon as Clara appearedit all vanishedand he played to
the newcomer.


Miriam had one beautiful evening with him in the hay.
He had been on the horse-rakeand having finishedcame to help
her to put the hay in cocks. Then he talked to her of his hopes
and despairsand his whole soul seemed to lie bare before her.
She felt as if she watched the very quivering stuff of life in him.
The moon came out: they walked home together: he seemed to have
come to her because he needed her so badlyand she listened to him
gave him all her love and her faith. It seemed to her he brought
her the best of himself to keepand that she would guard it all
her life. Naythe sky did not cherish the stars more surely and
eternally than she would guard the good in the soul of Paul Morel.
She went on home alonefeeling exaltedglad in her faith.


And thenthe next dayClara came. They were to have tea
in the hayfield. Miriam watched the evening drawing to gold
and shadow. And all the time Paul was sporting with Clara.
He made higher and higher heaps of hay that they were jumping over.
Miriam did not care for the gameand stood aside. Edgar and Geoffrey
and Maurice and Clara and Paul jumped. Paul wonbecause he
was light. Clara's blood was roused. She could run like an Amazon.
Paul loved the determined way she rushed at the hay-cock and leaped
landed on the other sideher breasts shakenher thick hair
come undone.


You touched!he cried. "You touched!"


No!she flashedturning to Edgar. "I didn't touchdid I?
Wasn't I clear?"


I couldn't say,laughed Edgar.


None of them could say.


But you touched,said Paul. "You're beaten."


I did NOT touch!she cried.


As plain as anything,said Paul.


Box his ears for me!she cried to Edgar.


Nay,Edgar laughed. "I daren't. You must do it yourself."


And nothing can alter the fact that you touched,laughed Paul.



She was furious with him. Her little triumph before these
lads and men was gone. She had forgotten herself in the game.
Now he was to humble her.


I think you are despicable!she said.


And again he laughedin a way that tortured Miriam.


And I KNEW you couldn't jump that heap,he teased.


She turned her back on him. Yet everybody could see that
the only person she listened toor was conscious ofwas he
and he of her. It pleased the men to see this battle between them.
But Miriam was tortured.


Paul could choose the lesser in place of the highershe saw.
He could be unfaithful to himselfunfaithful to the real
deep Paul Morel. There was a danger of his becoming frivolousof his
running after his satisfaction like any Arthuror like his father.
It made Miriam bitter to think that he should throw away his soul
for this flippant traffic of triviality with Clara. She walked
in bitterness and silencewhile the other two rallied each other
and Paul sported.


And afterwardshe would not own itbut he was rather
ashamed of himselfand prostrated himself before Miriam.
Then again he rebelled.


It's not religious to be religious,he said. "I reckon
a crow is religious when it sails across the sky. But it only
does it because it feels itself carried to where it's going
not because it thinks it is being eternal."


But Miriam knew that one should be religious in everything
have Godwhatever God might bepresent in everything.


I don't believe God knows such a lot about Himself,
he cried. "God doesn't KNOW thingsHe IS things.
And I'm sure He's not soulful."


And then it seemed to her that Paul was arguing God on to his
own sidebecause he wanted his own way and his own pleasure.
There was a long battle between him and her. He was utterly
unfaithful to her even in her own presence; then he was ashamed
then repentant; then he hated herand went off again. Those were
the ever-recurring conditions.


She fretted him to the bottom of his soul. There she
remained--sadpensivea worshipper. And he caused her sorrow.
Half the time he grieved for herhalf the time he hated her.
She was his conscience; and he feltsomehowhe had got a conscience
that was too much for him. He could not leave herbecause in one
way she did hold the best of him. He could not stay with her
because she did not take the rest of himwhich was three-quarters.
So he chafed himself into rawness over her.


When she was twenty-one he wrote her a letter which could
only have been written to her.


May I speak of our old, worn love, this last time. It, too,
is changing, is it not? Say, has not the body of that love died,
and left you its invulnerable soul? You see, I can give you



a spirit love, I have given it you this long, long time; but not
embodied passion. See, you are a nun. I have given you what I
would give a holy nun--as a mystic monk to a mystic nun. Surely you
esteem it best. Yet you regret--no, have regretted--the other.
In all our relations no body enters. I do not talk to you through
the senses--rather through the spirit. That is why we cannot love
in the common sense. Ours is not an everyday affection. As yet we
are mortal, and to live side by side with one another would be dreadful,
for somehow with you I cannot long be trivial, and, you know,
to be always beyond this mortal state would be to lose it.
If people marry, they must live together as affectionate humans,
who may be commonplace with each other without feeling awkward--not
as two souls. So I feel it.


Ought I to send this letter?--I doubt it. But there--it
is best to understand. Au revoir."


Miriam read this letter twiceafter which she sealed it up.
A year later she broke the seal to show her mother the letter.


You are a nun--you are a nun.The words went into her heart
again and again. Nothing he ever had said had gone into her
so deeplyfixedlylike a mortal wound.


She answered him two days after the party.


'Our intimacy would have been all-beautiful but for one
little mistake,'she quoted. "Was the mistake mine?"


Almost immediately he replied to her from Nottingham
sending her at the same time a little "Omar Khayyam."


I am glad you answered; you are so calm and natural you put
me to shame. What a ranter I am! We are often out of sympathy.
But in fundamentals we may always be together I think.


I must thank you for your sympathy with my painting and drawing.
Many a sketch is dedicated to you. I do look forward to your criticisms
whichto my shame and gloryare always grand appreciations.
It is a lovely jokethat. Au revoir."


This was the end of the first phase of Paul's love affair.
He was now about twenty-three years oldandthough still virgin
the sex instinct that Miriam had over-refined for so long now
grew particularly strong. Oftenas he talked to Clara Dawes
came that thickening and quickening of his bloodthat peculiar
concentration in the breastas if something were alive there
a new self or a new centre of consciousnesswarning him that
sooner or later he would have to ask one woman or another. But he
belonged to Miriam. Of that she was so fixedly sure that he allowed
her right.


CHAPTER X


CLARA


WHEN he was twenty-three years oldPaul sent in a landscape to
the winter exhibition at Nottingham Castle. Miss Jordan had taken
a good deal of interest in himand invited him to her house



where he met other artists. He was beginning to grow ambitious.


One morning the postman came just as he was washing in
the scullery. Suddenly he heard a wild noise from his mother.
Rushing into the kitchenhe found her standing on the hearthrug
wildly waving a letter and crying "Hurrah!" as if she had gone mad.
He was shocked and frightened.


Why, mother!he exclaimed.


She flew to himflung her arms round him for a moment
then waved the lettercrying:


Hurrah, my boy! I knew we should do it!


He was afraid of her--the smallsevere woman with graying hair
suddenly bursting out in such frenzy. The postman came running back
afraid something had happened. They saw his tipped cap over the
short curtains. Mrs. Morel rushed to the door.


His picture's got first prize, Fred,she criedand is sold
for twenty guineas.


My word, that's something like!said the young postman
whom they had known all his life.


And Major Moreton has bought it!she cried.


It looks like meanin' something, that does, Mrs. Morel,
said the postmanhis blue eyes bright. He was glad to have brought
such a lucky letter. Mrs. Morel went indoors and sat downtrembling.
Paul was afraid lest she might have misread the letterand might be
disappointed after all. He scrutinised it oncetwice. Yeshe became
convinced it was true. Then he sat downhis heart beating with joy.


Mother!he exclaimed.


Didn't I SAY we should do it!she saidpretending she
was not crying.


He took the kettle off the fire and mashed the tea.


You didn't think, mother--he began tentatively.


No, my son--not so much--but I expected a good deal.


But not so much,he said.


No--no--but I knew we should do it.


And then she recovered her composureapparently at least.
He sat with his shirt turned backshowing his young throat almost
like a girl'sand the towel in his handhis hair sticking up wet.


Twenty guineas, mother! That's just what you wanted to buy
Arthur out. Now you needn't borrow any. It'll just do.


Indeed, I shan't take it all,she said.


But why?


Because I shan't.


Well--you have twelve pounds, I'll have nine.



They cavilled about sharing the twenty guineas. She wanted
to take only the five pounds she needed. He would not hear of it.
So they got over the stress of emotion by quarrelling.

Morel came home at night from the pitsaying:

They tell me Paul's got first prize for his picture, and sold
it to Lord Henry Bentley for fifty pound.

Oh, what stories people do tell!she cried.

Ha!he answered. "I said I wor sure it wor a lie.
But they said tha'd told Fred Hodgkisson."

As if I would tell him such stuff!

Ha!assented the miner.

But he was disappointed nevertheless.

It's true he has got the first prize,said Mrs. Morel.

The miner sat heavily in his chair.

Has he, beguy!he exclaimed.

He stared across the room fixedly.

But as for fifty pounds--such nonsense!She was silent awhile.
Major Moreton bought it for twenty guineas, that's true.

Twenty guineas! Tha niver says!exclaimed Morel.

Yes, and it was worth it.

Ay!he said. "I don't misdoubt it. But twenty guineas
for a bit of a paintin' as he knocked off in an hour or two!"

He was silent with conceit of his son. Mrs. Morel sniffed
as if it were nothing.

And when does he handle th' money?asked the collier.

That I couldn't tell you. When the picture is sent home,
I suppose.

There was silence. Morel stared at the sugar-basin instead
of eating his dinner. His black armwith the hand all gnarled
with work lay on the table. His wife pretended not to see him rub
the back of his hand across his eyesnor the smear in the coal-dust
on his black face.

Yes, an' that other lad 'ud 'a done as much if they hadna
ha' killed 'im,he said quietly.

The thought of William went through Mrs. Morel like a cold blade.
It left her feeling she was tiredand wanted rest.

Paul was invited to dinner at Mr. Jordan's. Afterwards he said:

Mother, I want an evening suit.

Yes, I was afraid you would,she said. She was glad.


There was a moment or two of silence. "There's that one of William's
she continued, that I know cost four pounds ten
and which he'd only worn three times."


Should you like me to wear it, mother?he asked.


Yes. I think it would fit you--at least the coat. The trousers
would want shortening.


He went upstairs and put on the coat and vest. Coming down
he looked strange in a flannel collar and a flannel shirt-front
with an evening coat and vest. It was rather large.


The tailor can make it right,she saidsmoothing her hand
over his shoulder. "It's beautiful stuff. I never could find
in my heart to let your father wear the trousersand very glad
I am now."


And as she smoothed her hand over the silk collar she thought
of her eldest son. But this son was living enough inside the clothes.
She passed her hand down his back to feel him. He was alive and hers.
The other was dead.


He went out to dinner several times in his evening suit that had
been William's. Each time his mother's heart was firm with pride
and joy. He was started now. The studs she and the children had
bought for William were in his shirt-front; he wore one of William's
dress shirts. But he had an elegant figure. His face was rough
but warm-looking and rather pleasing. He did not look particularly
a gentlemanbut she thought he looked quite a man.


He told her everything that took placeeverything that was said.
It was as if she had been there. And he was dying to introduce her
to these new friends who had dinner at seven-thirty in the evening.


Go along with you!she said. "What do they want to know
me for?"


They do!he cried indignantly. "If they want to know me--and
they say they do--then they want to know youbecause you are quite
as clever as I am. "


Go along with you, child! she laughed.


But she began to spare her hands. Theytoowere work-gnarled now.
The skin was shiny with so much hot waterthe knuckles rather swollen.
But she began to be careful to keep them out of soda. She regretted
what they had been--so small and exquisite. And when Annie insisted
on her having more stylish blouses to suit her ageshe submitted.
She even went so far as to allow a black velvet bow to be placed
on her hair. Then she sniffed in her sarcastic mannerand was
sure she looked a sight. But she looked a ladyPaul declared
as much as Mrs. Major Moretonand farfar nicer. The family
was coming on. Only Morel remained unchangedor rather
lapsed slowly.


Paul and his mother now had long discussions about life.
Religion was fading into the background. He had shovelled away
an the beliefs that would hamper himhad cleared the ground
and come more or less to the bedrock of belief that one should feel
inside oneself for right and wrongand should have the patience to
gradually realise one's God. Now life interested him more.


You know,he said to his motherI don't want to belong



to the well-to-do middle class. I like my common people best.
I belong to the common people.


But if anyone else said so, my son, wouldn't you be in a tear.
YOU know you consider yourself equal to any gentleman.


In myself,he answerednot in my class or my education
or my manners. But in myself I am.


Very well, then. Then why talk about the common people?


Because--the difference between people isn't in their class,
but in themselves. Only from the middle classes one gets ideas,
and from the common people--life itself, warmth. You feel their hates
and loves.


It's all very well, my boy. But, then, why don't you go
and talk to your father's pals?


But they're rather different.


Not at all. They're the common people. After all, whom do you
mix with now--among the common people? Those that exchange ideas,
like the middle classes. The rest don't interest you.


But--there's the life---


I don't believe there's a jot more life from Miriam than you
could get from any educated girl--say Miss Moreton. It is YOU
who are snobbish about class.


She frankly WANTED him to climb into the middle classes
a thing not very difficultshe knew. And she wanted him in the end
to marry a lady.


Now she began to combat him in his restless fretting.
He still kept up his connection with Miriamcould neither break
free nor go the whole length of engagement. And this indecision
seemed to bleed him of his energy. Moreoverhis mother suspected
him of an unrecognised leaning towards Claraandsince the latter
was a married womanshe wished he would fall in love with one
of the girls in a better station of life. But he was stupid
and would refuse to love or even to admire a girl muchjust because
she was his social superior.


My boy,said his mother to himall your cleverness,
your breaking away from old things, and taking life in your own hands,
doesn't seem to bring you much happiness.


What is happiness!he cried. "It's nothing to me!
How AM I to be happy?"


The plump question disturbed her.


That's for you to judge, my lad. But if you could meet
some GOOD woman who would MAKE you happy--and you began to think
of settling your life--when you have the means--so that you could
work without all this fretting--it would be much better for you.


He frowned. His mother caught him on the raw of his wound
of Miriam. He pushed the tumbled hair off his foreheadhis eyes
full of pain and fire.


You mean easy, mother,he cried. "That's a woman's whole doctrine



for life--ease of soul and physical comfort. And I do despise it."


Oh, do you!replied his mother. "And do you call yours
a divine discontent?"


Yes. I don't care about its divinity. But damn your happiness!
So long as life's full, it doesn't matter whether it's happy or not.
I'm afraid your happiness would bore me.


You never give it a chance,she said. Then suddenly all
her passion of grief over him broke out. "But it does matter!"
she cried. "And you OUGHT to be happyyou ought to try to be happy
to live to be happy. How could I bear to think your life wouldn't
be a happy one!"


Your own's been bad enough, mater, but it hasn't left you
so much worse off than the folk who've been happier. I reckon
you've done well. And I am the same. Aren't I well enough off?


You're not, my son. Battle--battle--and suffer. It's about
all you do, as far as I can see.


But why not, my dear? I tell you it's the best---


It isn't. And one OUGHT to be happy, one OUGHT.


By this time Mrs. Morel was trembling violently. Struggles of
this kind often took place between her and her sonwhen she
seemed to fight for his very life against his own will to die.
He took her in his arms. She was ill and pitiful.


Never mind, Little,he murmured. "So long as you don't feel
life's paltry and a miserable businessthe rest doesn't matter
happiness or unhappiness."


She pressed him to her.


But I want you to be happy,she said pathetically.


Eh, my dear--say rather you want me to live.


Mrs. Morel felt as if her heart would break for him.
At this rate she knew he would not live. He had that poignant
carelessness about himselfhis own sufferinghis own life
which is a form of slow suicide. It almost broke her heart.
With all the passion of her strong nature she hated Miriam for having
in this subtle way undermined his joy. It did not matter to her
that Miriam could not help it. Miriam did itand she hated her.


She wished so much he would fall in love with a girl equal
to be his mate--educated and strong. But he would not look at
anybody above him in station. He seemed to like Mrs. Dawes.
At any rate that feeling was wholesome. His mother prayed and prayed
for himthat he might not be wasted. That was all her prayer--not
for his soul or his righteousnessbut that he might not be wasted.
And while he sleptfor hours and hours she thought and prayed
for him.


He drifted away from Miriam imperceptiblywithout knowing he
was going. Arthur only left the army to be married. The baby was
born six months after his wedding. Mrs. Morel got him a job under
the firm againat twenty-one shillings a week. She furnished for him
with the help of Beatrice's mothera little cottage of two rooms.
He was caught now. It did not matter how he kicked and struggled



he was fast. For a time he chafedwas irritable with his
young wifewho loved him; he went almost distracted when the baby
which was delicatecried or gave trouble. He grumbled for hours
to his mother. She only said: "Wellmy ladyou did it yourself
now you must make the best of it." And then the grit came out in him.
He buckled to workundertook his responsibilitiesacknowledged that
he belonged to his wife and childand did make a good best of it.
He had never been very closely inbound into the family. Now he was
gone altogether.


The months went slowly along. Paul had more or less got into
connection with the SocialistSuffragetteUnitarian people in
Nottinghamowing to his acquaintance with Clara. One day
a friend of his and of Clara'sin Bestwoodasked him to take
a message to Mrs. Dawes. He went in the evening across Sneinton
Market to Bluebell Hill. He found the house in a mean little street
paved with granite cobbles and having causeways of dark blue
grooved bricks. The front door went up a step from off this
rough pavementwhere the feet of the passersby rasped and clattered.
The brown paint on the door was so old that the naked wood showed
between the rents. He stood on the street below and knocked.
There came a heavy footstep; a largestout woman of about sixty
towered above him. He looked up at her from the pavement.
She had a rather severe face.


She admitted him into the parlourwhich opened on to the street.
It was a smallstuffydefunct roomof mahoganyand deathly
enlargements of photographs of departed people done in carbon.
Mrs. Radford left him. She was statelyalmost martial.
In a moment Clara appeared. She flushed deeplyand he was covered
with confusion. It seemed as if she did not like being discovered
in her home circumstances.


I thought it couldn't be your voice,she said.


But she might as well be hung for a sheep as for a lamb.
She invited him out of the mausoleum of a parlour into the kitchen.


That was a littledarkish room toobut it was smothered
in white lace. The mother had seated herself again by the cupboard
and was drawing thread from a vast web of lace. A clump of fluff and
ravelled cotton was at her right handa heap of three-quarter-inch lace
lay on her leftwhilst in front of her was the mountain of lace web
piling the hearthrug. Threads of curly cottonpulled out from between
the lengths of lacestrewed over the fender and the fireplace.
Paul dared not go forwardfor fear of treading on piles of white stuff.


On the table was a jenny for carding the lace. There was
a pack of brown cardboard squaresa pack of cards of lace
a little box of pinsand on the sofa lay a heap of drawn lace.


The room was all laceand it was so dark and warm that the white
snowy stuff seemed the more distinct.


If you're coming in you won't have to mind the work,
said Mrs. Radford. "I know we're about blocked up. But sit
you down."


Claramuch embarrassedgave him a chair against the wall
opposite the white heaps. Then she herself took her place
on the sofashamedly.


Will you drink a bottle of stout?Mrs. Radford asked.
Clara, get him a bottle of stout.



He protestedbut Mrs. Radford insisted.


You look as if you could do with it,she said. "Haven't you
never any more colour than that?"


It's only a thick skin I've got that doesn't show
the blood through,he answered.


Claraashamed and chagrinedbrought him a bottle of stout
and a glass. He poured out some of the black stuff.


Well,he saidlifting the glasshere's health!


And thank you,said Mrs. Radford.


He took a drink of stout.


And light yourself a cigarette, so long as you don't set
the house on fire,said Mrs. Radford.


Thank you,he replied.


Nay, you needn't thank me,she answered. "I s'll be
glad to smell a bit of smoke in th' 'ouse again. A house o'
women is as dead as a house wi' no fireto my thinkin'. I'm
not a spider as likes a corner to myself. I like a man about
if he's only something to snap at."


Clara began to work. Her jenny spun with a subdued buzz;
the white lace hopped from between her fingers on to the card.
It was filled; she snipped off the lengthand pinned the end
down to the banded lace. Then she put a new card in her jenny.
Paul watched her. She sat square and magnificent. Her throat and
arms were bare. The blood still mantled below her ears; she bent
her head in shame of her humility. Her face was set on her work.
Her arms were creamy and full of life beside the white lace;
her largewell-kept hands worked with a balanced movement
as if nothing would hurry them. Henot knowingwatched her all
the time. He saw the arch of her neck from the shoulderas she
bent her head; he saw the coil of dun hair; he watched her moving
gleaming arms.


I've heard a bit about you from Clara,continued the mother.
You're in Jordan's, aren't you?She drew her lace unceasing.


Yes.


Ay, well, and I can remember when Thomas Jordan used to ask
ME for one of my toffies.


Did he?laughed Paul. "And did he get it?"


Sometimes he did, sometimes he didn't--which was latterly.
For he's the sort that takes all and gives naught, he is--or used
to be.


I think he's very decent,said Paul.


Yes; well, I'm glad to hear it.


Mrs. Radford looked across at him steadily. There was something
determined about her that he liked. Her face was falling loose
but her eyes were calmand there was something strong in her that



made it seem she was not old; merely her wrinkles and loose cheeks
were an anachronism. She had the strength and sang-froid of a woman
in the prime of life. She continued drawing the lace with slow
dignified movements. The big web came up inevitably over her apron;
the length of lace fell away at her side. Her arms were finely shapen
but glossy and yellow as old ivory. They had not the peculiar dull
gleam that made Clara's so fascinating to him.


And you've been going with Miriam Leivers?the mother asked him.


Well--he answered.


Yes, she's a nice girl,she continued. "She's very nice
but she's a bit too much above this world to suit my fancy."


She is a bit like that,he agreed.


She'll never be satisfied till she's got wings and can fly
over everybody's head, she won't,she said.


Clara broke inand he told her his message. She spoke humbly
to him. He had surprised her in her drudgery. To have her humble
made him feel as if he were lifting his head in expectation.


Do you like jennying?he asked.


What can a woman do!she replied bitterly.


Is it sweated?


More or less. Isn't ALL woman's work? That's another trick
the men have played, since we force ourselves into the labour market.


Now then, you shut up about the men,said her mother. "If the
women wasn't foolsthe men wouldn't be bad unsthat's what I say.
No man was ever that bad wi' me but what he got it back again.
Not but what they're a lousy lotthere's no denying it."


But they're all right really, aren't they?he asked.


Well, they're a bit different from women,she answered.


Would you care to be back at Jordan's?he asked Clara.


I don't think so,she replied.


Yes, she would!cried her mother; "thank her stars if she
could get back. Don't you listen to her. She's for ever on that
'igh horse of hersan' it's back's that thin an' starved it'll
cut her in two one of these days."


Clara suffered badly from her mother. Paul felt as if his eyes
were coming very wide open. Wasn't he to take Clara's fulminations
so seriouslyafter all? She spun steadily at her work. He experienced
a thrill of joythinking she might need his help. She seemed
denied and deprived of so much. And her arm moved mechanically
that should never have been subdued to a mechanismand her head
was bowed to the lacethat never should have been bowed. She seemed
to be stranded there among the refuse that life has thrown away
doing her jennying. It was a bitter thing to her to be put aside
by lifeas if it had no use for her. No wonder she protested.


She came with him to the door. He stood below in the mean street
looking up at her. So fine she was in her stature and her bearing



she reminded him of Juno dethroned. As she stood in the doorway
she winced from the streetfrom her surroundings.


And you will go with Mrs. Hodgkisson to Hucknall?


He was talking quite meaninglesslyonly watching her.
Her grey eyes at last met his. They looked dumb with humiliation
pleading with a kind of captive misery. He was shaken and at a loss.
He had thought her high and mighty.


When he left herhe wanted to run. He went to the station
in a sort of dreamand was at home without realising he had moved
out of her street.


He had an idea that Susanthe overseer of the Spiral girls
was about to be married. He asked her the next day.


I say, Susan, I heard a whisper of your getting married.
What about it?


Susan flushed red.
Who's been talking to you?she replied.


Nobody. I merely heard a whisper that you WERE thinking---


Well, I am, though you needn't tell anybody. What's more,
I wish I wasn't!

Nay, Susan, you won't make me believe that.

Shan't I? You CAN believe it, though. I'd rather stop
here a thousand times.
Paul was perturbed.


Why, Susan?
The girl's colour was highand her eyes flashed.


That's why!
And must you?


For answershe looked at him. There was about him a candour
and gentleness which made the women trust him. He understood.

Ah, I'm sorry,he said.

Tears came to her eyes.

But you'll see it'll turn out all right. You'll make the best
of it,he continued rather wistfully.
There's nothing else for it.


Yea, there's making the worst of it. Try and make it all right.
He soon made occasion to call again on Clara.

Would you,he saidcare to come back to Jordan's?

She put down her worklaid her beautiful arms on the table
and looked at him for some moments without answering. Gradually the


flush mounted her cheek.

Why?she asked.

Paul felt rather awkward.

Well, because Susan is thinking of leaving,he said.

Clara went on with her jennying. The white lace leaped
in little jumps and bounds on to the card. He waited for her.
Without raising her headshe said at lastin a peculiar low voice:


Have you said anything about it?


Except to you, not a word.


There was again a long silence.


I will apply when the advertisement is out,she said.


You will apply before that. I will let you know exactly when.


She went on spinning her little machineand did not contradict him.


Clara came to Jordan's. Some of the older handsFanny among them
remembered her earlier ruleand cordially disliked the memory.
Clara had always been "ikey"reservedand superior. She had never
mixed with the girls as one of themselves. If she had occasion
to find faultshe did it coolly and with perfect politeness
which the defaulter felt to be a bigger insult than crassness.
Towards Fannythe pooroverstrung hunchbackClara was unfailingly
compassionate and gentleas a result of which Fanny shed
more bitter tears than ever the rough tongues of the other overseers
had caused her.


There was something in Clara that Paul dislikedand much
that piqued him. If she were abouthe always watched her strong
throat or her neckupon which the blonde hair grew low and fluffy.
There was a fine downalmost invisibleupon the skin of her face
and armsand when once he had perceived ithe saw it always.


When he was at his workpainting in the afternoon
she would come and stand near to himperfectly motionless.
Then he felt herthough she neither spoke nor touched him.
Although she stood a yard away he felt as if he were in contact
with her. Then he could paint no more. He flung down the brushes
and turned to talk to her.


Sometimes she praised his work; sometimes she was critical
and cold.


You are affected in that piece,she would say; andas there
was an element of truth in her condemnationhis blood boiled
with anger.


Again: "What of this?" he would ask enthusiastically.


H'm!She made a small doubtful sound. "It doesn't interest
me much."


Because you don't understand it,he retorted.


Then why ask me about it?



Because I thought you would understand.


She would shrug her shoulders in scorn of his work.
She maddened him. He was furious. Then he abused herand went into
passionate exposition of his stuff. This amused and stimulated her.
But she never owned that she had been wrong.


During the ten years that she had belonged to the women's movement
she had acquired a fair amount of educationandhaving had some
of Miriam's passion to be instructedhad taught herself French
and could read in that language with a struggle. She considered
herself as a woman apartand particularly apartfrom her class.
The girls in the Spiral department were all of good homes.
It was a smallspecial industryand had a certain distinction.
There was an air of refinement in both rooms. But Clara was aloof
also from her fellow-workers.


None of these thingshoweverdid she reveal to Paul.
She was not the one to give herself away. There was a sense of
mystery about her. She was so reservedhe felt she had much to reserve.
Her history was open on the surfacebut its inner meaning was hidden
from everybody. It was exciting. And then sometimes he caught
her looking at him from under her brows with an almost furtive
sullen scrutinywhich made him move quickly. Often she met his eyes.
But then her own wereas it werecovered overrevealing nothing.
She gave him a littlelenient smile. She was to him extraordinarily
provocativebecause of the knowledge she seemed to possess
and gathered fruit of experience he could not attain.


One day he picked up a copy of Lettres de mon Moulin from
her work-bench.


You read French, do you?he cried.


Clara glanced round negligently. She was making an elastic
stocking of heliotrope silkturning the Spiral machine with slow
balanced regularityoccasionally bending down to see her work or to
adjust the needles; then her magnificent neckwith its down and fine
pencils of hairshone white against the lavenderlustrous silk.
She turned a few more roundsand stopped.


What did you say?she askedsmiling sweetly.


Paul's eyes glittered at her insolent indifference to him.


I did not know you read French,he saidvery polite.


Did you not?she repliedwith a faintsarcastic smile.


Rotten swank!he saidbut scarcely loud enough to be heard.


He shut his mouth angrily as he watched her. She seemed
to scorn the work she mechanically produced; yet the hose she
made were as nearly perfect as possible.


You don't like Spiral work,he said.


Oh, well, all work is work,she answeredas if she knew
all about it.


He marvelled at her coldness. He had to do everything hotly.
She must be something special.


What would you prefer to do?he asked.



She laughed at him indulgentlyas she said:


There is so little likelihood of my ever being given a choice,
that I haven't wasted time considering.


Pah!he saidcontemptuous on his side now. "You only say
that because you're too proud to own up what you want and can't get."


You know me very well,she replied coldly.


I know you think you're terrific great shakes, and that you
live under the eternal insult of working in a factory.


He was very angry and very rude. She merely turned away from
him in disdain. He walked whistling down the roomflirted and
laughed with Hilda.


Later on he said to himself:


What was I so impudent to Clara for?He was rather annoyed
with himselfat the same time glad. "Serve her right; she stinks
with silent pride he said to himself angrily.


In the afternoon he came down. There was a certain weight
on his heart which he wanted to remove. He thought to do it
by offering her chocolates.


Have one?" he said. "I bought a handful to sweeten me up."


To his great reliefshe accepted. He sat on the work-bench
beside her machinetwisting a piece of silk round his finger.
She loved him for his quickunexpected movementslike a young animal.
His feet swung as he pondered. The sweets lay strewn on the bench.
She bent over her machinegrinding rhythmicallythen stooping
to see the stocking that hung beneathpulled down by the weight.
He watched the handsome crouching of her backand the apron-strings
curling on the floor.


There is always about you,he saida sort of waiting.
Whatever I see you doing, you're not really there: you are
waiting--like Penelope when she did her weaving.He could not help
a spurt of wickedness. "I'll call you Penelope he said.


Would it make any difference?" she saidcarefully removing
one of her needles.


That doesn't matter, so long as it pleases me. Here, I say,
you seem to forget I'm your boss. It just occurs to me.


And what does that mean?she asked coolly.


It means I've got a right to boss you.


Is there anything you want to complain about?


Oh, I say, you needn't be nasty,he said angrily.


I don't know what you want,she saidcontinuing her task.


I want you to treat me nicely and respectfully.


Call you 'sir', perhaps?she asked quietly.



Yes, call me 'sir'. I should love it.
Then I wish you would go upstairs, sir.

His mouth closedand a frown came on his face. He jumped
suddenly down.

You're too blessed superior for anything,he said.

And he went away to the other girls. He felt he was being
angrier than he had any need to be. In facthe doubted slightly
that he was showing off. But if he werethen he would. Clara heard
him laughingin a way she hatedwith the girls down the next room.

When at evening he went through the department after
the girls had gonehe saw his chocolates lying untouched
in front of Clara's machine. He left them. In the morning
they were still thereand Clara was at work. Later on Minnie
a little brunette they called Pussycalled to him:

Hey, haven't you got a chocolate for anybody?

Sorry, Pussy,he replied. "I meant to have offered them;
then I went and forgot 'em."

I think you did,she answered.

I'll bring you some this afternoon. You don't want them
after they've been lying about, do you?
Oh, I'm not particular,smiled Pussy.


Oh no,he said. "They'll be dusty."
He went up to Clara's bench.


Sorry I left these things littering about,he said.
She flushed scarlet. He gathered them together in his fist.


They'll be dirty now,he said. "You should have taken them.
I wonder why you didn't. I meant to have told you I wanted you to."


He flung them out of the window into the yard below.
He just glanced at her. She winced from his eyes.


In the afternoon he brought another packet.


Will you take some?he saidoffering them first to Clara.
These are fresh.


She accepted oneand put it on to the bench.


Oh, take several--for luck,he said.


She took a couple moreand put them on the bench also.
Then she turned in confusion to her work. He went on up the room.
Here you are, Pussy,he said. "Don't be greedy!"


Are they all for her?cried the othersrushing up.
Of course they're not,he said.


The girls clamoured round. Pussy drew back from her mates.

Come out!she cried. "I can have first pickcan't IPaul?"

Be nice with 'em,he saidand went away.

You ARE a dear,the girls cried.

Tenpence,he answered.

He went past Clara without speaking. She felt the three
chocolate creams would burn her if she touched them. It needed
all her courage to slip them into the pocket of her apron.


The girls loved him and were afraid of him. He was so nice
while he was nicebut if he were offendedso distanttreating them
as if they scarcely existedor not more than the bobbins of thread.
And thenif they were impudenthe said quietly: "Do you mind
going on with your work and stood and watched.


When he celebrated his twenty-third birthday, the house was
in trouble. Arthur was just going to be married. His mother was
not well. His father, getting an old man, and lame from his accidents,
was given a paltry, poor job. Miriam was an eternal reproach.
He felt he owed himself to her, yet could not give himself. The house,
moreover, needed his support. He was pulled in all directions.
He was not glad it was his birthday. It made him bitter.


He got to work at eight o'clock. Most of the clerks had not
turned up. The girls were not due till 8.30. As he was changing
his coat, he heard a voice behind him say:


PaulPaulI want you."


It was Fannythe hunchbackstanding at the top of her stairs
her face radiant with a secret. Paul looked at her in astonishment.


I want you,she said.


He stoodat a loss.


Come on,she coaxed. "Come before you begin on the letters."


He went down the half-dozen steps into her drynarrow
finishing-offroom. Fanny walked before him: her black bodice was
short--the waist was under her armpits--and her green-black cashmere skirt
seemed very longas she strode with big strides before the young man
himself so graceful. She went to her seat at the narrow end of the room
where the window opened on to chimney-pots. Paul watched her thin
hands and her flat red wrists as she excitedly twitched her white
apronwhich was spread on the bench in front of her. She hesitated.


You didn't think we'd forgot you?she askedreproachful.


Why?he asked. He had forgotten his birthday himself.


'Why,' he says! 'Why!' Why, look here!She pointed
to the calendarand he sawsurrounding the big black number
21hundreds of little crosses in black-lead.


Oh, kisses for my birthday,he laughed. "How did you know?"


Yes, you want to know, don't you?Fanny mockedhugely delighted.
There's one from everybody--except Lady Clara--and two from some.



But I shan't tell you how many I put.

Oh, I know, you're spooney,he said.

There you ARE mistaken!she criedindignant. "I could
never be so soft." Her voice was strong and contralto.


You always pretend to be such a hard-hearted hussy,he laughed.
And you know you're as sentimental---


I'd rather be called sentimental than frozen meat,
Fanny blurted. Paul knew she referred to Claraand he smiled.


Do you say such nasty things about me?he laughed.


No, my duck,the hunchback woman answeredlavishly tender.
She was thirty-nine. "Nomy duckbecause you don't think yourself
a fine figure in marble and us nothing but dirt. I'm as good as you
aren't IPaul?" and the question delighted her.


Why, we're not better than one another, are we?he replied.


But I'm as good as you, aren't I, Paul?she persisted daringly.


Of course you are. If it comes to goodness, you're better.


She was rather afraid of the situation. She might get hysterical.


I thought I'd get here before the others--won't they say I'm deep!
Now shut your eyes---she said.


And open your mouth, and see what God sends you,he continued
suiting action to wordsand expecting a piece of chocolate.
He heard the rustle of the apronand a faint clink of metal.
I'm going to look,he said.


He opened his eyes. Fannyher long cheeks flushed
her blue eyes shiningwas gazing at him. There was a little
bundle of paint-tubes on the bench before him. He turned pale.


No, Fanny,he said quickly.


From us all,she answered hastily.


No, but---


Are they the right sort?she askedrocking herself with delight.


Jove! they're the best in the catalogue.


But they're the right sorts?she cried.


They're off the little list I'd made to get when my ship
came in.He bit his lip.


Fanny was overcome with emotion. She must turn the conversation.


They was all on thorns to do it; they all paid their shares,
all except the Queen of Sheba.


The Queen of Sheba was Clara.


And wouldn't she join?Paul asked.



She didn't get the chance; we never told her; we wasn't going
to have HER bossing THIS show. We didn't WANT her to join.


Paul laughed at the woman. He was much moved. At last he
must go. She was very close to him. Suddenly she flung her arms
round his neck and kissed him vehemently.


I can give you a kiss to-day,she said apologetically.
You've looked so white, it's made my heart ache.


Paul kissed herand left her. Her arms were so pitifully
thin that his heart ached also.


That day he met Clara as he ran downstairs to wash his hands
at dinner-time.


You have stayed to dinner!he exclaimed. It was unusual
for her.


Yes; and I seem to have dined on old surgical-appliance stock.
I MUST go out now, or I shall feel stale india-rubber right through.


She lingered. He instantly caught at her wish.


You are going anywhere?he asked.


They went together up to the Castle. Outdoors she dressed
very plainlydown to ugliness; indoors she always looked nice.
She walked with hesitating steps alongside Paulbowing and turning
away from him. Dowdy in dressand droopingshe showed to
great disadvantage. He could scarcely recognise her strong form
that seemed to slumber with power. She appeared almost insignificant
drowning her stature in her stoopas she shrank from the public gaze.


The Castle grounds were very green and fresh. Climbing the
precipitous ascenthe laughed and chatteredbut she was silent
seeming to brood over something. There was scarcely time to go
inside the squatsquare building that crowns the bluff of rock.
They leaned upon the wall where the cliff runs sheer down to the Park.
Below themin their holes in the sandstonepigeons preened
themselves and cooed softly. Away down upon the boulevard at
the foot of the rocktiny trees stood in their own pools of shadow
and tiny people went scurrying about in almost ludicrous importance.


You feel as if you could scoop up the folk like tadpoles,
and have a handful of them,he said.


She laughedanswering:


Yes; it is not necessary to get far off in order to see
us proportionately. The trees are much more significant.


Bulk only,he said.


She laughed cynically.


Away beyond the boulevard the thin stripes of the metals
showed upon the railway-trackwhose margin was crowded with little
stacks of timberbeside which smoking toy engines fussed.
Then the silver string of the canal lay at random among the
black heaps. Beyondthe dwellingsvery dense on the river flat
looked like blackpoisonous herbagein thick rows and crowded beds
stretching right awaybroken now and then by taller plants
right to where the river glistened in a hieroglyph across the country.



The steep scarp cliffs across the river looked puny. Great stretches
of country darkened with trees and faintly brightened with corn-land
spread towards the hazewhere the hills rose blue beyond grey.


It is comforting,said Mrs. Dawesto think the town goes
no farther. It is only a LITTLE sore upon the country yet.


A little scab,Paul said.


She shivered. She loathed the town. Looking drearily across
at the country which was forbidden herher impassive facepale
and hostileshe reminded Paul of one of the bitterremorseful angels.


But the town's all right,he said; "it's only temporary.
This is the crudeclumsy make-shift we've practised ontill we find
out what the idea is. The town will come all right."


The pigeons in the pockets of rockamong the perched bushes
cooed comfortably. To the left the large church of St. Mary rose
into spaceto keep close company with the Castleabove the heaped
rubble of the town. Mrs. Dawes smiled brightly as she looked across
the country.


I feel better,she said.


Thank you,he replied. "Great compliment!"


Oh, my brother!she laughed.


H'm! that's snatching back with the left hand what you gave
with the right, and no mistake,he said.


She laughed in amusement at him.


But what was the matter with you?he asked. "I know you
were brooding something special. I can see the stamp of it
on your face yet."


I think I will not tell you,she said.


All right, hug it,he answered.


She flushed and bit her lip.


No,she saidit was the girls.


What about 'em?Paul asked.


They have been plotting something for a week now, and to-day
they seem particularly full of it. All alike; they insult me
with their secrecy.


Do they?he asked in concern.


I should not mind,she went onin the metallicangry tone
if they did not thrust it into my face--the fact that they have
a secret.


Just like women,said he.


It is hateful, their mean gloating,she said intensely.


Paul was silent. He knew what the girls gloated over.
He was sorry to be the cause of this new dissension.



They can have all the secrets in the world,she went on
brooding bitterly; "but they might refrain from glorying in them
and making me feel more out of it than ever. It is--it is
almost unbearable."


Paul thought for a few minutes. He was much perturbed.


I will tell you what it's all about,he saidpale and nervous.
It's my birthday, and they've bought me a fine lot of paints,
all the girls. They're jealous of you--he felt her stiffen coldly
at the word 'jealous'--"merely because I sometimes bring you a book
he added slowly. Butyou seeit's only a trifle. Don't bother
about itwill you--because"--he laughed quickly--"wellwhat would they
say if they saw us here nowin spite of their victory?"


She was angry with him for his clumsy reference to
their present intimacy. It was almost insolent of him.
Yet he was so quietshe forgave himalthough it cost her an effort.


Their two hands lay on the rough stone parapet of the Castle wall.
He had inherited from his mother a fineness of mouldso that
his hands were small and vigorous. Hers were largeto match her
large limbsbut white and powerful looking. As Paul looked at them
he knew her. "She is wanting somebody to take her hands--for all she
is so contemptuous of us he said to himself. And she saw nothing but
his two hands, so warm and alive, which seemed to live for her. He was
brooding now, staring out over the country from under sullen brows.
The little, interesting diversity of shapes had vanished from the scene;
all that remained was a vast, dark matrix of sorrow and tragedy,
the same in all the houses and the river-flats and the people and
the birds; they were only shapen differently. And now that the forms
seemed to have melted away, there remained the mass from which all
the landscape was composed, a dark mass of struggle and pain.
The factory, the girls, his mother, the large, uplifted church,
the thicket of the town, merged into one atmosphere--dark, brooding,
and sorrowful, every bit.


Is that two o'clock striking?" Mrs. Dawes said in surprise.


Paul startedand everything sprang into formregained
its individualityits forgetfulnessand its cheerfulness.


They hurried back to work.


When he was in the rush of preparing for the night's post
examining the work up from Fanny's roomwhich smelt of ironing
the evening postman came in.


'Mr. Paul Morel,'he saidsmilinghanding Paul a package.
A lady's handwriting! Don't let the girls see it.


The postmanhimself a favouritewas pleased to make fun
of the girls' affection for Paul.


It was a volume of verse with a brief note: "You will allow me
to send you thisand so spare me my isolation. I also sympathise
and wish you well.--C.D." Paul flushed hot.


Good Lord! Mrs. Dawes. She can't afford it. Good Lord,
who ever'd have thought it!


He was suddenly intensely moved. He was filled with the warmth
of her. In the glow he could almost feel her as if she were



present--her armsher shouldersher bosomsee themfeel them
almost contain them.


This move on the part of Clara brought them into closer intimacy.
The other girls noticed that when Paul met Mrs. Dawes his eyes lifted
and gave that peculiar bright greeting which they could interpret.
Knowing he was unawareClara made no signsave that
occasionally she turned aside her face from him when he came upon her.


They walked out together very often at dinner-time; it was
quite openquite frank. Everybody seemed to feel that he was quite
unaware of the state of his own feelingand that nothing was wrong.
He talked to her now with some of the old fervour with which he
had talked to Miriambut he cared less about the talk; he did
not bother about his conclusions.


One day in October they went out to Lambley for tea.
Suddenly they came to a halt on top of the hill. He climbed and sat
on a gateshe sat on the stile. The afternoon was perfectly still
with a dim hazeand yellow sheaves glowing through. They were quiet.


How old were you when you married?he asked quietly.


Twenty-two.


Her voice was subduedalmost submissive. She would tell
him now.


It is eight years ago?


Yes.


And when did you leave him?


Three years ago.


Five years! Did you love him when you married him?


She was silent for some time; then she said slowly:


I thought I did--more or less. I didn't think much about it.
And he wanted me. I was very prudish then.


And you sort of walked into it without thinking?


Yes. I seemed to have been asleep nearly all my life.


Somnambule? But--when did you wake up?


I don't know that I ever did, or ever have--since I was a child.


You went to sleep as you grew to be a woman? How queer!
And he didn't wake you?


No; he never got there,she repliedin a monotone.


The brown birds dashed over the hedges where the rose-hips
stood naked and scarlet.


Got where?he asked.


At me. He never really mattered to me.


The afternoon was so gently warm and dim. Red roofs



of the cottages burned among the blue haze. He loved the day.
He could feelbut he could not understandwhat Clara was saying.
But why did you leave him? Was he horrid to you?


She shuddered lightly.
He--he sort of degraded me. He wanted to bully me because he
hadn't got me. And then I felt as if I wanted to run, as if I
was fastened and bound up. And he seemed dirty.


I see.
He did not at all see.
And was he always dirty?he asked.
A bit,she replied slowly. "And then he seemed as if he


couldn't get AT mereally. And then he got brutal--he WAS brutal!"
And why did you leave him finally?
Because--because he was unfaithful to me---
They were both silent for some time. Her hand lay on the gate-post


as she balanced. He put his own over it. His heart beat quickly.
But did you--were you ever--did you ever give him a chance?
Chance? How?
To come near to you.
I married him--and I was willing---
They both strove to keep their voices steady.
I believe he loves you,he said.
It looks like it,she replied.
He wanted to take his hand awayand could not. She saved


him by removing her own. After a silencehe began again:
Did you leave him out of count all along?
He left me,she said.
And I suppose he couldn't MAKE himself mean everything to you?
He tried to bully me into it.
But the conversation had got them both out of their depth.


Suddenly Paul jumped down.
Come on,he said. "Let's go and get some tea."
They found a cottagewhere they sat in the cold parlour.


She poured out his tea. She was very quiet. He felt she had withdrawn
again from him. After teashe stared broodingly into her tea-cup
twisting her wedding ring all the time. In her abstraction she took
the ring off her fingerstood it upand spun it upon the table.
The gold became a diaphanousglittering globe. It felland the
ring was quivering upon the table. She spun it again and again.


Paul watchedfascinated.


But she was a married womanand he believed in simple friendship.
And he considered that he was perfectly honourable with regard to her.
It was only a friendship between man and womansuch as any civilised
persons might have.


He was like so many young men of his own age. Sex had become
so complicated in him that he would have denied that he ever
could want Clara or Miriam or any woman whom he knew. Sex desire
was a sort of detached thingthat did not belong to a woman.
He loved Miriam with his soul. He grew warm at the thought
of Clarahe battled with herhe knew the curves of her breast
and shoulders as if they had been moulded inside him; and yet he
did not positively desire her. He would have denied it for ever.
He believed himself really bound to Miriam. If ever he should marry
some time in the far futureit would be his duty to marry Miriam.
That he gave Clara to understandand she said nothingbut left him
to his courses. He came to herMrs. Daweswhenever he could.
Then he wrote frequently to Miriamand visited the girl occasionally.
So he went on through the winter; but he seemed not so fretted.
His mother was easier about him. She thought he was getting away
from Miriam.


Miriam knew now how strong was the attraction of Clara for him;
but still she was certain that the best in him would triumph.
His feeling for Mrs. Dawes--whomoreoverwas a married woman--
was shallow and temporalcompared with his love for herself.
He would come back to hershe was sure; with some of his young
freshness goneperhapsbut cured of his desire for the lesser things
which other women than herself could give him. She could bear all
if he were inwardly true to her and must come back.


He saw none of the anomaly of his position. Miriam was his
old friendloverand she belonged to Bestwood and home and his youth.
Clara was a newer friendand she belonged to Nottinghamto life
to the world. It seemed to him quite plain.


Mrs. Dawes and he had many periods of coolnesswhen they saw
little of each other; but they always came together again.


Were you horrid with Baxter Dawes?he asked her. It was
a thing that seemed to trouble him.


In what way?


Oh, I don't know. But weren't you horrid with him?
Didn't you do something that knocked him to pieces?


What, pray?


Making him feel as if he were nothing--I know,Paul declared.


You are so clever, my friend,she said coolly.


The conversation broke off there. But it made her cool
with him for some time.


She very rarely saw Miriam now. The friendship between
the two women was not broken offbut considerably weakened.


Will you come in to the concert on Sunday afternoon?
Clara asked him just after Christmas.



I promised to go up to Willey Farm,he replied.
Oh, very well.

You don't mind, do you?he asked.
Why should I?she answered.

Which almost annoyed him.

You know,he saidMiriam and I have been a lot to each
other ever since I was sixteen--that's seven years now.

It's a long time,Clara replied.
Yes; but somehow she--it doesn't go right---


How?asked Clara.


She seems to draw me and draw me, and she wouldn't leave
a single hair of me free to fall out and blow away--she'd keep it.
But you like to be kept.


No,he saidI don't. I wish it could be normal, give and take-like
me and you. I want a woman to keep me, but not in her pocket.

But if you love her, it couldn't be normal, like me and you.

Yes; I should love her better then. She sort of wants me
so much that I can't give myself.

Wants you how?

Wants the soul out of my body. I can't help shrinking back
from her.

And yet you love her!
No, I don't love her. I never even kiss her.


Why not?Clara asked.
I don't know.


I suppose you're afraid,she said.


I'm not. Something in me shrinks from her like hell--she's
so good, when I'm not good.
How do you know what she is?


I do! I know she wants a sort of soul union.
But how do you know what she wants?


I've been with her for seven years.
And you haven't found out the very first thing about her.


What's that?


That she doesn't want any of your soul communion.
That's your own imagination. She wants you.


He pondered over this. Perhaps he was wrong.

But she seems---he began.

You've never tried,she answered.

CHAPTER XI

THE TEST ON MIRIAM

WITH the spring came again the old madness and battle. Now he
knew he would have to go to Miriam. But what was his reluctance?
He told himself it was only a sort of overstrong virginity in her
and him which neither could break through. He might have married her;
but his circumstances at home made it difficultandmoreoverhe did
not want to marry. Marriage was for lifeand because they had become
close companionshe and shehe did not see that it should inevitably
follow they should be man and wife. He did not feel that he wanted
marriage with Miriam. He wished he did. He would have given his
head to have felt a joyous desire to marry her and to have her.
Then why couldn't he bring it off? There was some obstacle;
and what was the obstacle? It lay in the physical bondage.
He shrank from the physical contact. But why? With her he felt bound
up inside himself. He could not go out to her. Something struggled
in himbut he could not get to her. Why? She loved him.
Clara said she even wanted him; then why couldn't he go to her
make love to herkiss her? Whywhen she put her arm in his
timidlyas they walkeddid he feel he would burst forth in brutality
and recoil? He owed himself to her; he wanted to belong to her.
Perhaps the recoil and the shrinking from her was love in its first
fierce modesty. He had no aversion for her. Noit was the opposite;
it was a strong desire battling with a still stronger shyness
and virginity. It seemed as if virginity were a positive force
which fought and won in both of them. And with her he felt it
so hard to overcome; yet he was nearest to herand with her alone
could he deliberately break through. And he owed himself to her.
Thenif they could get things rightthey could marry; but he
would not marry unless he could feel strong in the joy of it--never.
He could not have faced his mother. It seemed to him that
to sacrifice himself in a marriage he did not want would be
degradingand would undo all his lifemake it a nullity.
He would try what he COULD do.

And he had a great tenderness for Miriam. Alwaysshe was sad
dreaming her religion; and he was nearly a religion to her. He could
not bear to fail her. It would all come right if they tried.

He looked round. A good many of the nicest men he knew were
like himselfbound in by their own virginitywhich they could not
break out of. They were so sensitive to their women that they would
go without them for ever rather than do them a hurtan injustice.
Being the sons of mothers whose husbands had blundered rather
brutally through their feminine sanctitiesthey were themselves
too diffident and shy. They could easier deny themselves than incur
any reproach from a woman; for a woman was like their motherand they
were full of the sense of their mother. They preferred themselves
to suffer the misery of celibacyrather than risk the other person.

He went back to her. Something in herwhen he looked at her
brought the tears almost to his eyes. One day he stood behind her
as she sang. Annie was playing a song on the piano. As Miriam sang


her mouth seemed hopeless. She sang like a nun singing to heaven.
It reminded him so much of the mouth and eyes of one who sings
beside a Botticelli Madonnaso spiritual. Againhot as steel
came up the pain in him. Why must he ask her for the other thing?
Why was there his blood battling with her? If only he could have been
always gentletender with herbreathing with her the atmosphere
of reverie and religious dreamshe would give his right hand.
It was not fair to hurt her. There seemed an eternal maidenhood
about her; and when he thought of her motherhe saw the great
brown eyes of a maiden who was nearly scared and shocked out of her
virgin maidenhoodbut not quitein spite of her seven children.
They had been born almost leaving her out of countnot of her
but upon her. So she could never let them gobecause she never had
possessed them.


Mrs. Morel saw him going again frequently to Miriam
and was astonished. He said nothing to his mother. He did not explain
nor excuse himself. If he came home lateand she reproached him
he frowned and turned on her in an overbearing way:


I shall come home when I like,he said; "I am old enough."


Must she keep you till this time?


It is I who stay,he answered.


And she lets you? But very well,she said.


And she went to bedleaving the door unlocked for him;
but she lay listening until he cameoften long after.
It was a great bitterness to her that he had gone back to Miriam.
She recognisedhoweverthe uselessness of any further interference.
He went to Willey Farm as a man nownot as a youth. She had
no right over him. There was a coldness between him and her.
He hardly told her anything. Discardedshe waited on himcooked for
him stilland loved to slave for him; but her face closed again
like a mask. There was nothing for her to do now but the housework;
for all the rest he had gone to Miriam. She could not forgive him.
Miriam killed the joy and the warmth in him. He had been such a
jolly ladand full of the warmest affection; now he grew colder
more and more irritable and gloomy. It reminded her of William;
but Paul was worse. He did things with more intensityand more
realisation of what he was about. His mother knew how he was
suffering for want of a womanand she saw him going to Miriam.
If he had made up his mindnothing on earth would alter him.
Mrs. Morel was tired. She began to give up at last; she had finished.
She was in the way.


He went on determinedly. He realised more or less what his
mother felt. It only hardened his soul. He made himself callous
towards her; but it was like being callous to his own health.
It undermined him quickly; yet he persisted.


He lay back in the rocking-chair at Willey Farm one evening.
He had been talking to Miriam for some weeksbut had not come to
the point. Now he said suddenly:


I am twenty-four, almost.


She had been brooding. She looked up at him suddenly in surprise.


Yes. What makes you say it?


There was something in the charged atmosphere that she dreaded.



Sir Thomas More says one can marry at twenty-four.
She laughed quaintlysaying:

Does it need Sir Thomas More's sanction?
No; but one ought to marry about then.

Ay,she answered broodingly; and she waited.

I can't marry you,he continued slowlynot now, because we've
no money, and they depend on me at home.
She sat half-guessing what was coming.


But I want to marry now---
You want to marry?she repeated.


A woman--you know what I mean.
She was silent.


Now, at last, I must,he said.
Ay,she answered.


And you love me?
She laughed bitterly.


Why are you ashamed of it,he answered. "You wouldn't
be ashamed before your Godwhy are you before people?"

Nay,she answered deeplyI am not ashamed.

You are,he replied bitterly; "and it's my fault. But you
know I can't help being--as I am--don't you?"

I know you can't help it,she replied.
I love you an awful lot--then there is something short.


Where?she answeredlooking at him.


Oh, in me! It is I who ought to be ashamed--like
a spiritual cripple. And I am ashamed. It is misery. Why is it?


I don't know,replied Miriam.


And I don't know,he repeated. "Don't you think we have
been too fierce in our what they call purity? Don't you think
that to be so much afraid and averse is a sort of dirtiness?"


She looked at him with startled dark eyes.


You recoiled away from anything of the sort, and I took
the motion from you, and recoiled also, perhaps worse.


There was silence in the room for some time.
Yes,she saidit is so.


There is between us,he saidall these years of intimacy.
I feel naked enough before you. Do you understand?


I think so,she answered.


And you love me?


She laughed.


Don't be bitter,he pleaded.


She looked at him and was sorry for him; his eyes were dark
with torture. She was sorry for him; it was worse for him to have this
deflated love than for herselfwho could never be properly mated.
He was restlessfor ever urging forward and trying to find a way out.
He might do as he likedand have what he liked of her.


Nay,she said softlyI am not bitter.


She felt she could bear anything for him; she would suffer for him.
She put her hand on his knee as he leaned forward in his chair.
He took it and kissed it; but it hurt to do so. He felt he was
putting himself aside. He sat there sacrificed to her purity
which felt more like nullity. How could he kiss her hand passionately
when it would drive her awayand leave nothing but pain? Yet slowly
he drew her to him and kissed her.


They knew each other too well to pretend anything.
As she kissed himshe watched his eyes; they were staring across
the roomwith a peculiar dark blaze in them that fascinated her.
He was perfectly still. She could feel his heart throbbing heavily
in his breast.


What are you thinking about?she asked.


The blaze in his eyes shudderedbecame uncertain.


I was thinking, all the while, I love you. I have been obstinate.


She sank her head on his breast.


Yes,she answered.


That's all,he saidand his voice seemed sureand his mouth
was kissing her throat.


Then she raised her head and looked into his eyes with her
full gaze of love. The blaze struggledseemed to try to get away
from herand then was quenched. He turned his head quickly aside.
It was a moment of anguish.


Kiss me,she whispered.


He shut his eyesand kissed herand his arms folded her
closer and closer.


When she walked home with him over the fieldshe said:


I am glad I came back to you. I feel so simple with you--as
if there was nothing to hide. We will be happy?


Yes,she murmuredand the tears came to her eyes.


Some sort of perversity in our souls,he saidmakes us



not want, get away from, the very thing we want. We have to fight
against that.

Yes,she saidand she felt stunned.

As she stood under the drooping-thorn treein the darkness by
the roadsidehe kissed herand his fingers wandered over her face.
In the darknesswhere he could not see her but only feel her
his passion flooded him. He clasped her very close.

Sometime you will have me?he murmuredhiding his face
on her shoulder. It was so difficult.

Not now,she said.
His hopes and his heart sunk. A dreariness came over him.


No,he said.
His clasp of her slackened.


I love to feel your arm THERE!she saidpressing his arm
against her backwhere it went round her waist. "It rests me so."

He tightened the pressure of his arm upon the small of her
back to rest her.

We belong to each other,he said.

Yes.
Then why shouldn't we belong to each other altogether?


But---she faltered.


I know it's a lot to ask,he said; "but there's not much risk
for you really--not in the Gretchen way. You can trust me there?"

Oh, I can trust you.The answer came quick and strong.
It's not that--it's not that at all--but---

What?
She hid her face in his neck with a little cry of misery.


I don't know!she cried.


She seemed slightly hystericalbut with a sort of horror.
His heart died in him.
You don't think it ugly?he asked.


No, not now. You have TAUGHT me it isn't.
You are afraid?


She calmed herself hastily.
Yes, I am only afraid,she said.


He kissed her tenderly.
Never mind,he said. "You should please yourself."



Suddenly she gripped his arms round herand clenched her
body stiff.


You SHALL have me,she saidthrough her shut teeth.


His heart beat up again like fire. He folded her closeand his
mouth was on her throat. She could not bear it. She drew away.
He disengaged her.


Won't you be late?she asked gently.


He sighedscarcely hearing what she said. She waited
wishing he would go. At last he kissed her quickly and climbed
the fence. Looking round he saw the pale blotch of her face down
in the darkness under the hanging tree. There was no more of her
but this pale blotch.


Good-bye!she called softly. She had no bodyonly a
voice and a dim face. He turned away and ran down the road
his fists clenched; and when he came to the wall over the lake
he leaned therealmost stunnedlooking up the black water.


Miriam plunged home over the meadows. She was not afraid
of peoplewhat they might say; but she dreaded the issue
with him. Yesshe would let him have her if he insisted;
and thenwhen she thought of it afterwardsher heart went down.
He would be disappointedhe would find no satisfactionand then he
would go away. Yet he was so insistent; and over thiswhich did
not seem so all-important to herwas their love to break down.
After allhe was only like other menseeking his satisfaction.
Ohbut there was something more in himsomething deeper! She could
trust to itin spite of all desires. He said that possession was
a great moment in life. All strong emotions concentrated there.
Perhaps it was so. There was something divine in it; then she
would submitreligiouslyto the sacrifice. He should have her.
And at the thought her whole body clenched itself involuntarily
hardas if against something; but Life forced her through this
gate of sufferingtooand she would submit. At any rate
it would give him what he wantedwhich was her deepest wish.
She brooded and brooded and brooded herself towards accepting him.


He courted her now like a lover. Oftenwhen he grew hot
she put his face from herheld it between her handsand looked in
his eyes. He could not meet her gaze. Her dark eyesfull of love
earnest and searchingmade him turn away. Not for an instant
would she let him forget. Back again he had to torture himself
into a sense of his responsibility and hers. Never any relaxing
never any leaving himself to the great hunger and impersonality
of passion; he must be brought back to a deliberatereflective creature.
As if from a swoon of passion she caged him back to the littleness
the personal relationship. He could not bear it. "Leave me
alone--leave me alone!" he wanted to cry; but she wanted him to
look at her with eyes full of love. His eyesfull of the dark
impersonal fire of desiredid not belong to her.


There was a great crop of cherries at the farm. The trees at
the back of the housevery large and tallhung thick with scarlet
and crimson dropsunder the dark leaves. Paul and Edgar were gathering
the fruit one evening. It had been a hot dayand now the clouds
were rolling in the skydark and warm. Paul combed high in the tree
above the scarlet roofs of the buildings. The windmoaning steadily
made the whole tree rock with a subtlethrilling motion that stirred
the blood. The young manperched insecurely in the slender branches
rocked till he felt slightly drunkreached down the boughs



where the scarlet beady cherries hung thick underneathand tore
off handful after handful of the sleekcool-fleshed fruit.
Cherries touched his ears and his neck as he stretched forward
their chill finger-tips sending a flash down his blood. All shades
of redfrom a golden vermilion to a rich crimsonglowed and met
his eyes under a darkness of leaves.


The sungoing downsuddenly caught the broken clouds.
Immense piles of gold flared out in the south-eastheaped in soft
glowing yellow right up the sky. The worldtill now dusk and grey
reflected the gold glowastonished. Everywhere the trees
and the grassand the far-off waterseemed roused from the twilight
and shining.


Miriam came out wondering.


Oh!Paul heard her mellow voice callisn't it wonderful?


He looked down. There was a faint gold glimmer on her face
that looked very softturned up to him.


How high you are!she said.


Beside heron the rhubarb leaveswere four dead birds
thieves that had been shot. Paul saw some cherry stones hanging
quite bleachedlike skeletonspicked clear of flesh. He looked
down again to Miriam.


Clouds are on fire,he said.


Beautiful!she cried.


She seemed so smallso softso tenderdown there. He threw
a handful of cherries at her. She was startled and frightened.
He laughed with a lowchuckling soundand pelted her. She ran
for shelterpicking up some cherries. Two fine red pairs she hung
over her ears; then she looked up again.


Haven't you got enough?she asked.


Nearly. It is like being on a ship up here.


And how long will you stay?


While the sunset lasts.


She went to the fence and sat therewatching the gold clouds fall
to piecesand go in immenserose-coloured ruin towards the darkness.
Gold flamed to scarletlike pain in its intense brightness.
Then the scarlet sank to roseand rose to crimsonand quickly
the passion went out of the sky. All the world was dark grey.
Paul scrambled quickly down with his baskettearing his shirt-sleeve
as he did so.


They are lovely,said Miriamfingering the cherries.


I've torn my sleeve,he answered.


She took the three-cornered ripsaying:


I shall have to mend it.It was near the shoulder.
She put her fingers through the tear. "How warm!" she said.


He laughed. There was a newstrange note in his voice



one that made her pant.

Shall we stay out?he said.

Won't it rain?she asked.

No, let us walk a little way.

They went down the fields and into the thick plantation
of trees and pines.


Shall we go in among the trees?he asked.


Do you want to?


Yes.


It was very dark among the firsand the sharp spines pricked
her face. She was afraid. Paul was silent and strange.


I like the darkness,he said. "I wish it were thicker--good
thick darkness."


He seemed to be almost unaware of her as a person: she was
only to him then a woman. She was afraid.


He stood against a pine-tree trunk and took her in his arms.
She relinquished herself to himbut it was a sacrifice in which she
felt something of horror. This thick-voicedoblivious man was
a stranger to her.


Later it began to rain. The pine-trees smelled very strong.
Paul lay with his head on the groundon the dead pine needles
listening to the sharp hiss of the rain--a steadykeen noise.
His heart was downvery heavy. Now he realised that she had
not been with him all the timethat her soul had stood apart
in a sort of horror. He was physically at restbut no more.
Very dreary at heartvery sadand very tenderhis fingers wandered
over her face pitifully. Now again she loved him deeply. He was tender
and beautiful.


The rain!he said.


Yes--is it coming on you?


She put her hands over himon his hairon his shouldersto feel
if the raindrops fell on him. She loved him dearly. Heas he lay
with his face on the dead pine-leavesfelt extraordinarily quiet.
He did not mind if the raindrops came on him: he would have lain
and got wet through: he felt as if nothing matteredas if his
living were smeared away into the beyondnear and quite lovable.
This strangegentle reaching-out to death was new to him.


We must go,said Miriam.


Yes,he answeredbut did not move.


To him nowlife seemed a shadowday a white shadow; night
and deathand stillnessand inactionthis seemed like BEING.
To be aliveto be urgent and insistent--that was NOT-TO-BE. The
highest of all was to melt out into the darkness and sway there
identified with the great Being.


The rain is coming in on us,said Miriam.



He roseand assisted her.

It is a pity,he said.

What?

To have to go. I feel so still.

Still!she repeated.

Stiller than I have ever been in my life.

He was walking with his hand in hers. She pressed his fingers
feeling a slight fear. Now he seemed beyond her; she had a fear
lest she should lose him.


The fir-trees are like presences on the darkness: each one
only a presence.


She was afraidand said nothing.


A sort of hush: the whole night wondering and asleep:
I suppose that's what we do in death--sleep in wonder.


She had been afraid before of the brute in him: now of the mystic.
She trod beside him in silence. The rain fell with a heavy "Hush!"
on the trees. At last they gained the cartshed.


Let us stay here awhile,he said.


There was a sound of rain everywheresmothering everything.


I feel so strange and still,he said; "along with everything."


Ay,she answered patiently.


He seemed again unaware of herthough he held her hand close.


To be rid of our individuality, which is our will, which is
our effort--to live effortless, a kind of curious sleep--that is
very beautiful, I think; that is our after-life--our immortality.


Yes?


Yes--and very beautiful to have.


You don't usually say that.


No.


In a while they went indoors. Everybody looked at them curiously.
He still kept the quietheavy look in his eyesthe stillness
in his voice. Instinctivelythey all left him alone.


About this time Miriam's grandmotherwho lived in a tiny cottage
in Woodlintonfell illand the girl was sent to keep house.
It was a beautiful little place. The cottage had a big garden in front
with red brick wallsagainst which the plum trees were nailed.
At the back another garden was separated from the fields by a tall
old hedge. It was very pretty. Miriam had not much to do
so she found time for her beloved readingand for writing little
introspective pieces which interested her.



At the holiday-time her grandmotherbeing betterwas driven
to Derby to stay with her daughter for a day or two. She was a
crotchety old ladyand might return the second day or the third;
so Miriam stayed alone in the cottagewhich also pleased her.

Paul used often to cycle overand they had as a rule
peaceful and happy times. He did not embarrass her much; but then
on the Monday of the holiday he was to spend a whole day with her.

It was perfect weather. He left his mothertelling her where he
was going. She would be alone all the day. It cast a shadow over him;
but he had three days that were all his ownwhen he was
going to do as he liked. It was sweet to rush
through the morning lanes on his bicycle.

He got to the cottage at about eleven o'clock. Miriam was busy
preparing dinner. She looked so perfectly in keeping with the
little kitchenruddy and busy. He kissed her and sat down to watch.
The room was small and cosy. The sofa was covered all over with a
sort of linen in squares of red and pale blueoldmuch washed
but pretty. There was a stuffed owl in a case over a corner cupboard.
The sunlight came through the leaves of the scented geraniums
in the window. She was cooking a chicken in his honour.
It was their cottage for the dayand they were man and wife.
He beat the eggs for her and peeled the potatoes. He thought she
gave a feeling of home almost like his mother; and no one could
look more beautifulwith her tumbled curlswhen she was flushed
from the fire.

The dinner was a great success. Like a young husbandhe carved.
They talked all the time with unflagging zest. Then he wiped
the dishes she had washedand they went out down the fields.
There was a bright little brook that ran into a bog at the foot
of a very steep bank. Here they wanderedpicking still a few
marsh-marigolds and many big blue forget-me-nots. Then she sat on
the bank with her hands full of flowersmostly golden water-blobs.
As she put her face down into the marigoldsit was all overcast
with a yellow shine.

Your face is bright,he saidlike a transfiguration.

She looked at himquestioning. He laughed pleadingly to her
laying his hands on hers. Then he kissed her fingersthen her face.

The world was all steeped in sunshineand quite still
yet not asleepbut quivering with a kind of expectancy.

I have never seen anything more beautiful than this,he said.
He held her hand fast all the time.

And the water singing to itself as it runs--do you love it?
She looked at him full of love. His eyes were very dark
very bright.

Don't you think it's a great day?he asked.

She murmured her assent. She WAS happyand he saw it.

And our day--just between us,he said.

They lingered a little while. Then they stood up upon
the sweet thymeand he looked down at her simply.

Will you come?he asked.


They went back to the househand in handin silence.
The chickens came scampering down the path to her.
He locked the doorand they had the little house to themselves.


He never forgot seeing her as she lay on the bedwhen he was
unfastening his collar. First he saw only her beautyand was blind
with it. She had the most beautiful body he had ever imagined.
He stood unable to move or speaklooking at herhis face half-smiling
with wonder. And then he wanted herbut as he went forward to her
her hands lifted in a little pleading movementand he looked
at her faceand stopped. Her big brown eyes were watching him
still and resigned and loving; she lay as if she had given herself up
to sacrifice: there was her body for him; but the look at the back
of her eyeslike a creature awaiting immolationarrested him
and all his blood fell back.


You are sure you want me?he askedas if a cold shadow
had come over him.


Yes, quite sure.


She was very quietvery calm. She only realised that she
was doing something for him. He could hardly bear it. She lay
to be sacrificed for him because she loved him so much. And he had
to sacrifice her. For a secondhe wished he were sexless or dead.
Then he shut his eyes again to herand his blood beat back again.


And afterwards he loved her--loved her to the last fibre
of his being. He loved her. But he wantedsomehowto cry.
There was something he could not bear for her sake. He stayed
with her till quite late at night. As he rode home he felt that
he was finally initiated. He was a youth no longer. But why
had he the dull pain in his soul? Why did the thought of death
the after-lifeseem so sweet and consoling?


He spent the week with Miriamand wore her out with his passion
before it was gone. He had alwaysalmost wilfullyto put her out
of countand act from the brute strength of his own feelings.
And he could not do it oftenand there remained afterwards always
the sense of failure and of death. If he were really with her
he had to put aside himself and his desire. If he would have her
he had to put her aside.


When I come to you,he asked herhis eyes dark with pain
and shameyou don't really want me, do you?


Ah, yes!she replied quickly.


He looked at her.


Nay,he said.


She began to tremble.


You see,she saidtaking his face and shutting it out
against her shoulder--"you see--as we are--how can I get used to you?
It would come all right if we were married."


He lifted her headand looked at her.


You mean, now, it is always too much shock?


Yes--and---



You are always clenched against me.

She was trembling with agitation.

You see,she saidI'm not used to the thought---

You are lately,he said.

But all my life. Mother said to me: 'There is one thing
in marriage that is always dreadful, but you have to bear it.'
And I believed it.


And still believe it,he said.


No!she cried hastily. "I believeas you dothat loving
even in THAT wayis the high-water mark of living."


That doesn't alter the fact that you never want it.


No,she saidtaking his head in her arms and rocking in despair.
Don't say so! You don't understand.She rocked with pain.
Don't I want your children?


But not me.


How can you say so? But we must be married to have children---


Shall we be married, then? I want you to have my children.


He kissed her hand reverently. She pondered sadlywatching him.


We are too young,she said at length.


Twenty-four and twenty-three---


Not yet,she pleadedas she rocked herself in distress.


When you will,he said.


She bowed her head gravely. The tone of hopelessness in
which he said these things grieved her deeply. It had always been
a failure between them. Tacitlyshe acquiesced in what he felt.


And after a week of love he said to his mother suddenly one
Sunday nightjust as they were going to bed:


I shan't go so much to Miriam's, mother.


She was surprisedbut she would not ask him anything.


You please yourself,she said.


So he went to bed. But there was a new quietness about
him which she had wondered at. She almost guessed. She would
leave him alonehowever. Precipitation might spoil things.
She watched him in his lonelinesswondering where he would end.
He was sickand much too quiet for him. There was a perpetual little
knitting of his browssuch as she had seen when he was a small baby
and which had been gone for many years. Now it was the same again.
And she could do nothing for him. He had to go on alonemake his
own way.


He continued faithful to Miriam. For one day he had loved her



utterly. But it never came again. The sense of failure grew stronger.
At first it was only a sadness. Then he began to feel he could not
go on. He wanted to runto go abroadanything. Gradually he ceased
to ask her to have him. Instead of drawing them togetherit put
them apart. And then he realisedconsciouslythat it was no good.
It was useless trying: it would never be a success between them.


For some months he had seen very little of Clara. They had
occasionally walked out for half an hour at dinner-time. But he always
reserved himself for Miriam. With Clarahoweverhis brow cleared
and he was gay again. She treated him indulgentlyas if he were
a child. He thought he did not mind. But deep below the surface
it piqued him.


Sometimes Miriam said:


What about Clara? I hear nothing of her lately.


I walked with her about twenty minutes yesterday,he replied.


And what did she talk about?


I don't know. I suppose I did all the jawing--I usually do.
I think I was telling her about the strike, and how the women
took it.


Yes.


So he gave the account of himself.


But insidiouslywithout his knowing itthe warmth he felt
for Clara drew him away from Miriamfor whom he felt responsible
and to whom he felt he belonged. He thought he was being quite
faithful to her. It was not easy to estimate exactly the strength
and warmth of one's feelings for a woman till they have run away
with one.


He began to give more time to his men friends. There was Jessop
at the art school; Swainwho was chemistry demonstrator
at the university; Newtonwho was a teacher; besides Edgar and
Miriam's younger brothers. Pleading workhe sketched and studied
with Jessop. He called in the university for Swainand the two went
down towntogether. Having come home in the train with Newton
he called and had a game of billiards with him in the Moon
and Stars. If he gave to Miriam the excuse of his men friends
he felt quite justified. His mother began to be relieved.
He always told her where he had been.


During the summer Clara wore sometimes a dress of soft cotton
stuff with loose sleeves. When she lifted her handsher sleeves
fell backand her beautiful strong arms shone out.


Half a minute,he cried. "Hold your arm still."


He made sketches of her hand and armand the drawings
contained some of the fascination the real thing had for him.
Miriamwho always went scrupulously through his books and papers
saw the drawings.


I think Clara has such beautiful arms,he said.


Yes! When did you draw them?


On Tuesday, in the work-room. You know, I've got a corner



where I can work. Often I can do every single thing they need
in the department, before dinner. Then I work for myself
in the afternoon, and just see to things at night.


Yes,she saidturning the leaves of his sketch-book.


Frequently he hated Miriam. He hated her as she bent forward
and pored over his things. He hated her way of patiently casting
him upas if he were an endless psychological account. When he
was with herhe hated her for having got himand yet not got him
and he tortured her. She took all and gave nothinghe said. At least
she gave no living warmth. She was never aliveand giving off life.
Looking for her was like looking for something which did not exist.
She was only his consciencenot his mate. He hated her violently
and was more cruel to her. They dragged on till the next summer.
He saw more and more of Clara.


At last he spoke. He had been sitting working at home
one evening. There was between him and his mother a peculiar condition
of people frankly finding fault with each other. Mrs. Morel was
strong on her feet again. He was not going to stick to Miriam.
Very well; then she would stand aloof till he said something.
It had been coming a long timethis bursting of the storm in him
when he would come back to her. This evening there was between them
a peculiar condition of suspense. He worked feverishly and mechanically
so that he could escape from himself. It grew late. Through the
open doorstealthilycame the scent of madonna liliesalmost as
if it were prowling abroad. Suddenly he got up and went out of doors.


The beauty of the night made him want to shout. A half-moon
dusky goldwas sinking behind the black sycamore at the end of
the gardenmaking the sky dull purple with its glow. Nearera dim
white fence of lilies went across the gardenand the air all round
seemed to stir with scentas if it were alive. He went across
the bed of pinkswhose keen perfume came sharply across the rocking
heavy scent of the liliesand stood alongside the white barrier
of flowers. They flagged all looseas if they were panting.
The scent made him drunk. He went down to the field to watch
the moon sink under.


A corncrake in the hay-close called insistently. The moon
slid quite quickly downwardsgrowing more flushed. Behind him
the great flowers leaned as if they were calling. And then
like a shockhe caught another perfumesomething raw and coarse.
Hunting roundhe found the purple iristouched their fleshy throats
and their darkgrasping hands. At any ratehe had found something.
They stood stiff in the darkness. Their scent was brutal.
The moon was melting down upon the crest of the hill. It was gone;
all was dark. The corncrake called still.


Breaking off a pinkhe suddenly went indoors.


Come, my boy,said his mother. "I'm sure it's time you went
to bed."


He stood with the pink against his lips.


I shall break off with Miriam, mother,he answered calmly.


She looked up at him over her spectacles. He was staring back
at herunswerving. She met his eyes for a momentthen took off
her glasses. He was white. The male was up in himdominant.
She did not want to see him too clearly.



But I thought---she began.


Well,he answeredI don't love her. I don't want to marry
her--so I shall have done.


But,exclaimed his motheramazedI thought lately you
had made up your mind to have her, and so I said nothing.


I had--I wanted to--but now I don't want. It's no good.
I shall break off on Sunday. I ought to, oughtn't I?


You know best. You know I said so long ago.


I can't help that now. I shall break off on Sunday.


Well,said his motherI think it will be best. But lately
I decided you had made up your mind to have her, so I said nothing,
and should have said nothing. But I say as I have always said,
I DON'T think she is suited to you.


On Sunday I break off,he saidsmelling the pink.
He put the flower in his mouth. Unthinkinghe bared his teeth
closed them on the blossom slowlyand had a mouthful of petals.
These he spat into the firekissed his motherand went to bed.


On Sunday he went up to the farm in the early afternoon.
He had written Miriam that they would walk over the fields to Hucknall.
His mother was very tender with him. He said nothing. But she
saw the effort it was costing. The peculiar set look on his face
stilled her.


Never mind, my son,she said. "You will be so much better
when it is all over. "


Paul glanced swiftly at his mother in surprise and resentment.
He did not want sympathy.


Miriam met him at the lane-end. She was wearing a new dress
of figured muslin that had short sleeves. Those short sleeves
and Miriam's brown-skinned arms beneath them--such pitifulresigned
arms--gave him so much pain that they helped to make him cruel.
She had made herself look so beautiful and fresh for him. She seemed
to blossom for him alone. Every time he looked at her--a mature young
woman nowand beautiful in her new dress--it hurt so much that his
heart seemed almost to be bursting with the restraint he put on it.
But he had decidedand it was irrevocable.


On the hills they sat downand he lay with his head in her lap
whilst she fingered his hair. She knew that "he was not there
as she put it. Often, when she had him with her, she looked for him,
and could not find him. But this afternoon she was not prepared.


It was nearly five o'clock when he told her. They were sitting
on the bank of a stream, where the lip of turf hung over a hollow
bank of yellow earth, and he was hacking away with a stick, as he
did when he was perturbed and cruel.


I have been thinking he said, we ought to break off."


Why?she cried in surprise.


Because it's no good going on.


Why is it no good?



It isn't. I don't want to marry. I don't want ever to marry.
And if we're not going to marry, it's no good going on.

But why do you say this now?
Because I've made up my mind.

And what about these last months, and the things you told
me then?

I can't help it! I don't want to go on.

You don't want any more of me?
I want us to break off--you be free of me, I free of you.


And what about these last months?


I don't know. I've not told you anything but what I thought
was true.
Then why are you different now?


I'm not--I'm the same--only I know it's no good going on.
You haven't told me why it's no good.

Because I don't want to go on--and I don't want to marry.
How many times have you offered to marry me, and I wouldn't?

I know; but I want us to break off.

There was silence for a moment or twowhile he dug viciously at
the earth. She bent her headpondering. He was an unreasonable child.
He was like an infant whichwhen it has drunk its fillthrows away
and smashes the cup. She looked at himfeeling she could get hold
of him and WRING some consistency out of him. But she was helpless.
Then she cried:

I have said you were only fourteen--you are only FOUR!
He still dug at the earth viciously. He heard.

You are a child of four,she repeated in her anger.

He did not answerbut said in his heart: "All right;
if I'm a child of fourwhat do you want me for? I don't want
another mother." But he said nothing to herand there was silence.


And have you told your people?she asked.


I have told my mother.
There was another long interval of silence.


Then what do you WANT?she asked.


Why, I want us to separate. We have lived on each other all
these years; now let us stop. I will go my own way without you,
and you will go your way without me. You will have an independent
life of your own then.


There was in it some truth thatin spite of her bitterness
she could not help registering. She knew she felt in a sort of
bondage to himwhich she hated because she could not control it.
She hated her love for him from the moment it grew too strong
for her. Anddeep downshe had hated him because she loved
him and he dominated her. She had resisted his domination.
She had fought to keep herself free of him in the last issue.
And she was free of himeven more than he of her.

And,he continuedwe shall always be more or less
each other's work. You have done a lot for me, I for you.
Now let us start and live by ourselves.

What do you want to do?she asked.

Nothing--only to be free,he answered.

Shehoweverknew in her heart that Clara's influence was
over him to liberate him. But she said nothing.

And what have I to tell my mother?she asked.

I told my mother,he answeredthat I was breaking off--clean
and altogether.

I shall not tell them at home,she said.

FrowningYou please yourself,he said.

He knew he had landed her in a nasty holeand was leaving
her in the lurch. It angered him.

Tell them you wouldn't and won't marry me, and have broken off,
he said. "It's true enough."

She bit her finger moodily. She thought over their whole affair.
She had known it would come to this; she had seen it all along.
It chimed with her bitter expectation.

Always--it has always been so!she cried. "It has been
one long battle between us--you fighting away from me."

It came from her unawareslike a flash of lightning.
The man's heart stood still. Was this how she saw it?

But we've had SOME perfect hours, SOME perfect times,
when we were together!he pleaded.

Never!she cried; "never! It has always been you fighting
me off."

Not always--not at first!he pleaded.

Always, from the very beginning--always the same!

She had finishedbut she had done enough. He sat aghast.
He had wanted to say: "It has been goodbut it is at an end."
And she--she whose love he had believed in when he had despised
himself--denied that their love had ever been love. "He had
always fought away from her?" Then it had been monstrous.
There had never been anything really between them; all the time
he had been imagining something where there was nothing. And she
had known. She had known so muchand had told him so little.
She had known all the time. All the time this was at the bottom


of her!


He sat silent in bitterness. At last the whole affair appeared
in a cynical aspect to him. She had really played with him
not he with her. She had hidden all her condemnation from him
had flattered himand despised him. She despised him now.
He grew intellectual and cruel.


You ought to marry a man who worships you,he said; "then you
could do as you liked with him. Plenty of men will worship you
if you get on the private side of their natures. You ought to marry
one such. They would never fight you off."


Thank you!she said. "But don't advise me to marry someone
else any more. You've done it before."


Very well,he said; "I will say no more."


He sat stillfeeling as if he had had a blowinstead of
giving one. Their eight years of friendship and loveTHE eight
years of his lifewere nullified.


When did you think of this?she asked.


I thought definitely on Thursday night.


I knew it was coming,she said.


That pleased him bitterly. "Ohvery well! If she knew then
it doesn't come as a surprise to her he thought.


And have you said anything to Clara?" she asked.


No; but I shall tell her now.


There was a silence.


Do you remember the things you said this time last year,
in my grandmother's house--nay last month even?


Yes,he said; "I do! And I meant them! I can't help
that it's failed."


It has failed because you want something else.


It would have failed whether or not. YOU never believed
in me.


She laughed strangely.


He sat in silence. He was full of a feeling that she had
deceived him. She had despised him when he thought she worshipped him.
She had let him say wrong thingsand had not contradicted him.
She had let him fight alone. But it stuck in his throat that she had
despised him whilst he thought she worshipped him. She should have
told him when she found fault with him. She had not played fair.
He hated her. All these years she had treated him as if he were
a heroand thought of him secretly as an infanta foolish child.
Then why had she left the foolish child to his folly? His heart was
hard against her.


She sat full of bitterness. She had known--ohwell she
had known! All the time he was away from her she had summed
him upseen his littlenesshis meannessand his folly.



Even she had guarded her soul against him. She was not overthrown
not prostratednot even much hurt. She had known. Only why
as he sat therehad he still this strange dominance over her?
His very movements fascinated her as if she were hypnotised by him.
Yet he was despicablefalseinconsistentand mean. Why this bondage
for her? Why was it the movement of his arm stirred her as nothing
else in the world could? Why was she fastened to him? Whyeven now
if he looked at her and commanded herwould she have to obey?
She would obey him in his trifling commands. But once he was obeyed
then she had him in her powershe knewto lead him where she would.
She was sure of herself. Onlythis new influence! Ahhe was
not a man! He was a baby that cries for the newest toy.
And all the attachment of his soul would not keep him. Very well
he would have to go. But he would come back when he had tired of his
new sensation.


He hacked at the earth till she was fretted to death. She rose.
He sat flinging lumps of earth in the stream.


We will go and have tea here?he asked.


Yes,she answered.


They chattered over irrelevant subjects during tea.
He held forth on the love of ornament--the cottage parlour moved him
thereto--and its connection with aesthetics. She was cold and quiet.
As they walked homeshe asked:


And we shall not see each other?


No--or rarely,he answered.


Nor write?she askedalmost sarcastically.


As you will,he answered. "We're not strangers--never
should bewhatever happened. I will write to you now and again.
You please yourself."


I see!she answered cuttingly.


But he was at that stage at which nothing else hurts.
He had made a great cleavage in his life. He had had a great shock
when she had told him their love had been always a conflict.
Nothing more mattered. If it never had been muchthere was no need
to make a fuss that it was ended.


He left her at the lane-end. As she went homesolitary
in her new frockhaving her people to face at the other end
he stood still with shame and pain in the highroadthinking of
the suffering he caused her.


In the reaction towards restoring his self-esteemhe went
into the Willow Tree for a drink. There were four girls who had
been out for the daydrinking a modest glass of port. They had
some chocolates on the table. Paul sat near with his whisky.
He noticed the girls whispering and nudging. Presently one
a bonny dark hussyleaned to him and said:


Have a chocolate?


The others laughed loudly at her impudence.


All right,said Paul. "Give me a hard one--nut. I don't
like creams."



Here you are, then,said the girl; "here's an almond for you."


She held the sweet between her fingers. He opened his mouth.
She popped it inand blushed.
You ARE nice!he said.


Well,she answeredwe thought you looked overcast,
and they dared me offer you a chocolate.

I don't mind if I have another--another sort,he said.

And presently they were all laughing together.

It was nine o'clock when he got homefalling dark. He entered
the house in silence. His motherwho had been waiting
rose anxiously.

I told her,he said.

I'm glad,replied the motherwith great relief.
He hung up his cap wearily.

I said we'd have done altogether,he said.

That's right, my son,said the mother. "It's hard for her now
but best in the long run. I know. You weren't suited for her."
He laughed shakily as he sat down.

I've had such a lark with some girls in a pub,he said.

His mother looked at him. He had forgotten Miriam now. He told
her about the girls in the Willow Tree. Mrs. Morel looked at him.
It seemed unrealhis gaiety. At the back of it was too much horror
and misery.

Now have some supper,she said very gently.

Afterwards he said wistfully:

She never thought she'd have me, mother, not from the first,
and so she's not disappointed.

I'm afraid,said his mothershe doesn't give up hopes
of you yet.

No,he saidperhaps not.
You'll find it's better to have done,she said.


I don't know,he said desperately.


Well, leave her alone,replied his mother. So he left her
and she was alone. Very few people cared for herand she for very
few people. She remained alone with herselfwaiting.

CHAPTER XII
PASSION


HE was gradually making it possible to earn a livelihood by
his art. Liberty's had taken several of his painted designs
on various stuffsand he could sell designs for embroideries
for altar-clothsand similar thingsin one or two places.
It was not very much he made at presentbut he might extend it.
He had also made friends with the designer for a pottery firm
and was gaining some knowledge of his new acquaintance's art.
The applied arts interested him very much. At the same time
he laboured slowly at his pictures. He loved to paint large figures
full of lightbut not merely made up of lights and cast shadows
like the impressionists; rather definite figures that had a certain
luminous qualitylike some of Michael Angelo's people. And these
he fitted into a landscapein what he thought true proportion.
He worked a great deal from memoryusing everybody he knew.
He believed firmly in his workthat it was good and valuable.
In spite of fits of depressionshrinkingeverythinghe believed
in his work.


He was twenty-four when he said his first confident thing
to his mother.


Mother,he saidI s'll make a painter that they'll attend to.


She sniffed in her quaint fashion. It was like a half-pleased
shrug of the shoulders.


Very well, my boy, we'll see,she said.


You shall see, my pigeon! You see if you're not swanky
one of these days!


I'm quite content, my boy,she smiled.


But you'll have to alter. Look at you with Minnie!


Minnie was the small servanta girl of fourteen.


And what about Minnie?asked Mrs. Morelwith dignity.


I heard her this morning: 'Eh, Mrs. Morel! I was going
to do that,' when you went out in the rain for some coal,he said.
That looks a lot like your being able to manage servants!


Well, it was only the child's niceness,said Mrs. Morel.


And you apologising to her: 'You can't do two things at once,
can you?'


She WAS busy washing up,replied Mrs. Morel.


And what did she say? 'It could easy have waited a bit.
Now look how your feet paddle!'


Yes--brazen young baggage!said Mrs. Morelsmiling.


He looked at his motherlaughing. She was quite warm and
rosy again with love of him. It seemed as if all the sunshine
were on her for a moment. He continued his work gladly.
She seemed so well when she was happy that he forgot her grey hair.


And that year she went with him to the Isle of Wight for
a holiday. It was too exciting for them bothand too beautiful.
Mrs. Morel was full of joy and wonder. But he would have her



walk with him more than she was able. She had a bad fainting bout.
So grey her face wasso blue her mouth! It was agony to him.
He felt as if someone were pushing a knife in his chest. Then she
was better againand he forgot. But the anxiety remained inside him
like a wound that did not close.


After leaving Miriam he went almost straight to Clara.
On the Monday following the day of the rupture he went down to
the work-room. She looked up at him and smiled. They had grown
very intimate unawares. She saw a new brightness about him.


Well, Queen of Sheba!he saidlaughing.


But why?she asked.


I think it suits you. You've got a new frock on.


She flushedasking:


And what of it?


Suits you--awfully! I could design you a dress.


How would it be?


He stood in front of herhis eyes glittering as he expounded.
He kept her eyes fixed with his. Then suddenly he took hold of her.
She half-started back. He drew the stuff of her blouse tighter
smoothed it over her breast.


More SO!he explained.


But they were both of them flaming with blushesand immediately
he ran away. He had touched her. His whole body was quivering
with the sensation.


There was already a sort of secret understanding between them.
The next evening he went to the cinematograph with her for a few
minutes before train-time. As they sathe saw her hand lying
near him. For some moments he dared not touch it. The pictures
danced and dithered. Then he took her hand in his. It was large
and firm; it filled his grasp. He held it fast. She neither
moved nor made any sign. When they came out his train was due.
He hesitated.


Good-night,she said. He darted away across the road.


The next day he came againtalking to her. She was rather
superior with him.


Shall we go a walk on Monday?he asked.


She turned her face aside.


Shall you tell Miriam?she replied sarcastically.


I have broken off with her,he said.


When?


Last Sunday.


You quarrelled?



No! I had made up my mind. I told her quite definitely I
should consider myself free.


Clara did not answerand he returned to his work. She was
so quiet and so superb!


On the Saturday evening he asked her to come and drink coffee
with him in a restaurantmeeting him after work was over. She came
looking very reserved and very distant. He had three-quarters
of an hour to train-time.


We will walk a little while,he said.


She agreedand they went past the Castle into the Park.
He was afraid of her. She walked moodily at his sidewith a kind
of resentfulreluctantangry walk. He was afraid to take her hand.


Which way shall we go?he asked as they walked in darkness.


I don't mind.


Then we'll go up the steps.


He suddenly turned round. They had passed the Park steps.
She stood still in resentment at his suddenly abandoning her.
He looked for her. She stood aloof. He caught her suddenly in
his armsheld her strained for a momentkissed her. Then he let
her go.


Come along,he saidpenitent.


She followed him. He took her hand and kissed her
finger-tips. They went in silence. When they came to the light
he let go her hand. Neither spoke till they reached the station.
Then they looked each other in the eyes.


Good-night,she said.


And he went for his train. His body acted mechanically.
People talked to him. He heard faint echoes answering them.
He was in a delirium. He felt that he would go mad if Monday did
not come at once. On Monday he would see her again. All himself
was pitched thereahead. Sunday intervened. He could not bear it.
He could not see her till Monday. And Sunday intervened--hour
after hour of tension. He wanted to beat his head against the
door of the carriage. But he sat still. He drank some whisky
on the way homebut it only made it worse. His mother must not
be upsetthat was all. He dissembledand got quickly to bed.
There he satdressedwith his chin on his kneesstaring out of
the window at the far hillwith its few lights. He neither thought nor slept
but sat perfectly stillstaring. And when at last he was so cold that
he came to himselfhe found his watch had stopped at half-past two.
It was after three o'clock. He was exhaustedbut still there was
the torment of knowing it was only Sunday morning. He went to bed
and slept. Then he cycled all day longtill he was fagged out.
And he scarcely knew where he had been. But the day after was Monday.
He slept till four o'clock. Then he lay and thought. He was coming
nearer to himself--he could see himselfrealsomewhere in front.
She would go a walk with him in the afternoon. Afternoon! It seemed
years ahead.


Slowly the hours crawled. His father got up; he heard him
pottering about. Then the miner set off to the pithis heavy
boots scraping the yard. Cocks were still crowing. A cart



went down the road. His mother got up. She knocked the fire.
Presently she called him softly. He answered as if he were asleep.
This shell of himself did well.


He was walking to the station--another mile! The train
was near Nottingham. Would it stop before the tunnels?
But it did not matter; it would get there before dinner-time. He
was at Jordan's. She would come in half an hour. At any rate
she would be near. He had done the letters. She would be there.
Perhaps she had not come. He ran downstairs. Ah! he saw her
through the glass door. Her shoulders stooping a little to her
work made him feel he could not go forward; he could not stand.
He went in. He was palenervousawkwardand quite cold.
Would she misunderstand him? He could not write his real self
with this shell.


And this afternoon,he struggled to say. "You will come?"


I think so,she repliedmurmuring.


He stood before herunable to say a word. She hid her
face from him. Again came over him the feeling that he would
lose consciousness. He set his teeth and went upstairs. He had
done everything correctly yetand he would do so. All the morning
things seemed a long way offas they do to a man under chloroform.
He himself seemed under a tight band of constraint. Then there was his
other selfin the distancedoing thingsentering stuff in a ledger
and he watched that far-off him carefully to see he made no mistake.


But the ache and strain of it could not go on much longer.
He worked incessantly. Still it was only twelve o'clock. As if he
had nailed his clothing against the deskhe stood there and worked
forcing every stroke out of himself. It was a quarter to one;
he could clear away. Then he ran downstairs.


You will meet me at the Fountain at two o'clock,he said.


I can't be there till half-past.


Yes!he said.


She saw his darkmad eyes.


I will try at a quarter past.


And he had to be content. He went and got some dinner.
All the time he was still under chloroformand every minute
was stretched out indefinitely. He walked miles of streets.
Then he thought he would be late at the meeting-place. He was at
the Fountain at five past two. The torture of the next quarter
of an hour was refined beyond expression. It was the anguish
of combining the living self with the shell. Then he saw her.
She came! And he was there.


You are late,he said.


Only five minutes,she answered.


I'd never have done it to you,he laughed.


She was in a dark blue costume. He looked at her beautiful figure.


You want some flowers,he saidgoing to the nearest florist's.



She followed him in silence. He bought her a bunch of scarlet
brick-red carnations. She put them in her coatflushing.


That's a fine colour!he said.


I'd rather have had something softer,she said.


He laughed.


Do you feel like a blot of vermilion walking down the street?
he said.


She hung her headafraid of the people they met.
He looked sideways at her as they walked. There was a wonderful
close down on her face near the ear that he wanted to touch.
And a certain heavinessthe heaviness of a very full ear of
corn that dips slightly in the windthat there was about her
made his brain spin. He seemed to be spinning down the street
everything going round.


As they sat in the tramcarshe leaned her heavy shoulder
against himand he took her hand. He felt himself coming round
from the anaestheticbeginning to breathe. Her earhalf-hidden among
her blonde hairwas near to him. The temptation to kiss it was
almost too great. But there were other people on top of the car.
It still remained to him to kiss it. After allhe was not himself
he was some attribute of herslike the sunshine that fell on her.


He looked quickly away. It had been raining. The big bluff
of the Castle rock was streaked with rainas it reared above
the flat of the town. They crossed the wideblack space of the
Midland Railwayand passed the cattle enclosure that stood out white.
Then they ran down sordid Wilford Road.


She rocked slightly to the tram's motionand as she leaned
against himrocked upon him. He was a vigorousslender man
with exhaustless energy. His face was roughwith rough-hewn features
like the common people's; but his eyes under the deep brows were
so full of life that they fascinated her. They seemed to dance
and yet they were still trembling on the finest balance of laughter.
His mouth the same was just going to spring into a laugh of triumph
yet did not. There was a sharp suspense about him. She bit her
lip moodily. His hand was hard clenched over hers.


They paid their two halfpennies at the turnstile and crossed
the bridge. The Trent was very full. It swept silent and insidious
under the bridgetravelling in a soft body. There had been a great
deal of rain. On the river levels were flat gleams of flood water.
The sky was greywith glisten of silver here and there. In Wilford
churchyard the dahlias were sodden with rain--wet black-crimson balls.
No one was on the path that went along the green river meadow
along the elm-tree colonnade.


There was the faintest haze over the silvery-dark water
and the green meadow-bankand the elm-trees that were spangled
with gold. The river slid by in a bodyutterly silent and swift
intertwining among itself like some subtlecomplex creature.
Clara walked moodily beside him.


Why,she asked at lengthin rather a jarring tonedid you
leave Miriam?


He frowned.



Because I WANTED to leave her,he said.

Why?

Because I didn't want to go on with her. And I didn't want
to marry.

She was silent for a moment. They picked their way down the muddy path.
Drops of water fell from the elm-trees.

You didn't want to marry Miriam, or you didn't want to marry
at all?she asked.

Both,he answered--"both!"

They had to manoeuvre to get to the stilebecause of the pools
of water.

And what did she say?Clara asked.

Miriam? She said I was a baby of four, and that I always
HAD battled her off.

Clara pondered over this for a time.

But you have really been going with her for some time?
she asked.

Yes.

And now you don't want any more of her?

No. I know it's no good.

She pondered again.

Don't you think you've treated her rather badly?she asked.

Yes; I ought to have dropped it years back. But it would
have been no good going on. Two wrongs don't make a right.

How old ARE you?Clara asked.

Twenty-five.

And I am thirty,she said.

I know you are.

I shall be thirty-one--or AM I thirty-one?

I neither know nor care. What does it matter!

They were at the entrance to the Grove. The wetred track
already sticky with fallen leaveswent up the steep bank between
the grass. On either side stood the elm-trees like pillars along
a great aislearching over and making high up a roof from which the
dead leaves fell. All was empty and silent and wet. She stood on
top of the stileand he held both her hands. Laughingshe looked
down into his eyes. Then she leaped. Her breast came against his;
he held herand covered her face with kisses.

They went on up the slipperysteep red path. Presently she
released his hand and put it round her waist.


You press the vein in my arm, holding it so tightly,
she said.

They walked along. His finger-tips felt the rocking of her breast.
All was silent and deserted. On the left the red wet plough-land
showed through the doorways between the elm-boles and
their branches. On the rightlooking downthey could see the tree-tops
of elms growing far beneath themhear occasionally the gurgle of
the river. Sometimes there below they caught glimpses of the full
soft-sliding Trentand of water-meadows dotted with small cattle.

It has scarcely altered since little Kirke White used to come,
he said.

But he was watching her throat below the earwhere the flush was
fusing into the honey-whiteand her mouth that pouted disconsolate.
She stirred against him as she walkedand his body was like
a taut string.

Halfway up the big colonnade of elmswhere the Grove rose
highest above the rivertheir forward movement faltered to an end.
He led her across to the grassunder the trees at the edge of the path.
The cliff of red earth sloped swiftly downthrough trees and bushes
to the river that glimmered and was dark between the foliage.
The far-below water-meadows were very green. He and she stood leaning
against one anothersilentafraidtheir bodies touching all along.
There came a quick gurgle from the river below.

Why,he asked at lengthdid you hate Baxter Dawes?

She turned to him with a splendid movement. Her mouth was
offered himand her throat; her eyes were half-shut; her breast
was tilted as if it asked for him. He flashed with a small laugh
shut his eyesand met her in a longwhole kiss. Her mouth fused
with his; their bodies were sealed and annealed. It was some minutes
before they withdrew. They were standing beside the public path.

Will you go down to the river?he asked.

She looked at himleaving herself in his hands. He went
over the brim of the declivity and began to climb down.

It is slippery,he said.

Never mind,she replied.

The red clay went down almost sheer. He slidwent from one
tuft of grass to the nexthanging on to the bushesmaking for a
little platform at the foot of a tree. There he waited for her
laughing with excitement. Her shoes were clogged with red earth.
It was hard for her. He frowned. At last he caught her hand
and she stood beside him. The cliff rose above them and fell away
below. Her colour was upher eyes flashed. He looked at the big
drop below them.

It's risky,he said; "or messyat any rate. Shall we
go back?"

Not for my sake,she said quickly.

All right. You see, I can't help you; I should only hinder.
Give me that little parcel and your gloves. Your poor shoes!


They stood perched on the face of the declivityunder the trees.

Well, I'll go again,he said.

Away he wentslippingstaggeringsliding to the next tree
into which he fell with a slam that nearly shook the breath out of him.
She came after cautiouslyhanging on to the twigs and grasses.
So they descendedstage by stageto the river's brink. There
to his disgustthe flood had eaten away the pathand the red
decline ran straight into the water. He dug in his heels and brought
himself up violently. The string of the parcel broke with a snap;
the brown parcel bounded downleaped into the waterand sailed
smoothly away. He hung on to his tree.


Well, I'll be damned!he cried crossly. Then he laughed.
She was coming perilously down.


Mind!he warned her. He stood with his back to the tree
waiting. "Come now he called, opening his arms.


She let herself run. He caught her, and together they stood
watching the dark water scoop at the raw edge of the bank.
The parcel had sailed out of sight.


It doesn't matter she said.


He held her close and kissed her. There was only room
for their four feet.


It's a swindle!" he said. "But there's a rut where a man
has beenso if we go on I guess we shall find the path again."


The river slid and twined its great volume. On the other bank
cattle were feeding on the desolate flats. The cliff rose high
above Paul and Clara on their right hand. They stood against
the tree in the watery silence.


Let us try going forward,he said; and they struggled
in the red clay along the groove a man's nailed boots had made.
They were hot and flushed. Their barkled shoes hung heavy on
their steps. At last they found the broken path. It was littered
with rubble from the waterbut at any rate it was easier.
They cleaned their boots with twigs. His heart was beating thick
and fast.


Suddenlycoming on to the little levelhe saw two figures
of men standing silent at the water's edge. His heart leaped.
They were fishing. He turned and put his hand up warningly to Clara.
She hesitatedbuttoned her coat. The two went on together.


The fishermen turned curiously to watch the two intruders
on their privacy and solitude. They had had a firebut it was
nearly out. All kept perfectly still. The men turned again to
their fishingstood over the grey glinting river like statues.
Clara went with bowed headflushing; he was laughing to himself.
Directly they passed out of sight behind the willows.


Now they ought to be drowned,said Paul softly.


Clara did not answer. They toiled forward along a tiny path
on the river's lip. Suddenly it vanished. The bank was sheer red
solid clay in front of themsloping straight into the river.
He stood and cursed beneath his breathsetting his teeth.



It's impossible!said Clara.


He stood erectlooking round. Just ahead were two islets
in the streamcovered with osiers. But they were unattainable.
The cliff came down like a sloping wall from far above their heads.
Behindnot far backwere the fishermen. Across the river the
distant cattle fed silently in the desolate afternoon. He cursed
again deeply under his breath. He gazed up the great steep bank.
Was there no hope but to scale back to the public path?


Stop a minute,he saidanddigging his heels sideways
into the steep bank of red clayhe began nimbly to mount.
He looked across at every tree-foot. At last he found what he wanted.
Two beech-trees side by side on the hill held a little level on the
upper face between their roots. It was littered with damp leaves
but it would do. The fishermen were perhaps sufficiently out of sight.
He threw down his rainproof and waved to her to come.


She toiled to his side. Arriving thereshe looked at him
heavilydumblyand laid her head on his shoulder. He held her fast
as he looked round. They were safe enough from all but the small
lonely cows over the river. He sunk his mouth on her throat
where he felt her heavy pulse beat under his lips. Everything was
perfectly still. There was nothing in the afternoon but themselves.


When she arosehelooking on the ground all the time
saw suddenly sprinkled on the black wet beech-roots many scarlet
carnation petalslike splashed drops of blood; and redsmall
splashes fell from her bosomstreaming down her dress to her feet.


Your flowers are smashed,he said.


She looked at him heavily as she put back her hair.
Suddenly he put his finger-tips on her cheek.


Why dost look so heavy?he reproached her.


She smiled sadlyas if she felt alone in herself. He caressed
her cheek with his fingersand kissed her.


Nay!he said. "Never thee bother!"


She gripped his fingers tightand laughed shakily.
Then she dropped her hand. He put the hair back from her brows
stroking her templeskissing them lightly.


But tha shouldna worrit!he said softlypleading.


No, I don't worry!she laughed tenderly and resigned.


Yea, tha does! Dunna thee worrit,he imploredcaressing.


No!she consoled himkissing him.


They had a stiff climb to get to the top again. It took them
a quarter of an hour. When he got on to the level grasshe threw
off his capwiped the sweat from his foreheadand sighed.


Now we're back at the ordinary level,he said.


She sat downpantingon the tussocky grass. Her cheeks
were flushed pink. He kissed herand she gave way to joy.


And now I'll clean thy boots and make thee fit



for respectable folk,he said.


He kneeled at her feetworked away with a stick and tufts
of grass. She put her fingers in his hairdrew his head to her
and kissed it.


What am I supposed to be doing,he saidlooking at her laughing;
cleaning shoes or dibbling with love? Answer me that!


Just whichever I please,she replied.


I'm your boot-boy for the time being, and nothing else!
But they remained looking into each other's eyes and laughing.
Then they kissed with little nibbling kisses.


T-t-t-t!he went with his tonguelike his mother.
I tell you, nothing gets done when there's a woman about.


And he returned to his boot-cleaningsinging softly.
She touched his thick hairand he kissed her fingers. He worked
away at her shoes. At last they were quite presentable.


There you are, you see!he said. "Aren't I a great hand at
restoring you to respectability? Stand up!
Thereyou look as irreproachable as Britannia herself!"


He cleaned his own boots a littlewashed his hands in a puddle
and sang. They went on into Clifton village. He was madly in love
with her; every movement she madeevery crease in her garments
sent a hot flash through him and seemed adorable.


The old lady at whose house they had tea was roused into gaiety
by them.


I could wish you'd had something of a better day,she said
hovering round.


Nay!he laughed. "We've been saying how nice it is."


The old lady looked at him curiously. There was a peculiar
glow and charm about him. His eyes were dark and laughing.
He rubbed his moustache with a glad movement.


Have you been saying SO!she exclaimeda light rousing
in her old eyes.


Truly!he laughed.


Then I'm sure the day's good enough,said the old lady.


She fussed aboutand did not want to leave them.


I don't know whether you'd like some radishes as well,
she said to Clara; "but I've got some in the garden--AND a cucumber."


Clara flushed. She looked very handsome.


I should like some radishes,she answered.


And the old lady pottered off gleefully.


If she knew!said Clara quietly to him.


Well, she doesn't know; and it shows we're nice in ourselves,



at any rate. You look quite enough to satisfy an archangel, and I'm
sure I feel harmless--so--if it makes you look nice, and makes folk
happy when they have us, and makes us happy--why, we're not cheating
them out of much!


They went on with the meal. When they were going away
the old lady came timidly with three tiny dahlias in full blow
neat as beesand speckled scarlet and white. She stood before Clara
pleased with herselfsaying:


I don't know whether---and holding the flowers forward
in her old hand.


Oh, how pretty!cried Claraaccepting the flowers.


Shall she have them all?asked Paul reproachfully of the
old woman.


Yes, she shall have them all,she repliedbeaming with joy.
You have got enough for your share.


Ah, but I shall ask her to give me one!he teased.


Then she does as she pleases,said the old ladysmiling.
And she bobbed a little curtsey of delight.


Clara was rather quiet and uncomfortable. As they walked along
he said:


You don't feel criminal, do you?


She looked at him with startled grey eyes.


Criminal!she said. "No."


But you seem to feel you have done a wrong?


No,she said. "I only think'If they knew!'"


If they knew, they'd cease to understand. As it is, they do
understand, and they like it. What do they matter? Here, with only
the trees and me, you don't feel not the least bit wrong, do you?


He took her by the armheld her facing himholding her eyes
with his. Something fretted him.


Not sinners, are we?he saidwith an uneasy little frown.


No,she replied.


He kissed herlaughing.


You like your little bit of guiltiness, I believe,he said.
I believe Eve enjoyed it, when she went cowering out of Paradise.


But there was a certain glow and quietness about her that made
him glad. When he was alone in the railway-carriagehe found
himself tumultuously happyand the people exceedingly nice
and the night lovelyand everything good.


Mrs. Morel was sitting reading when he got home. Her health
was not good nowand there had come that ivory pallor into her face
which he never noticedand which afterwards he never forgot.
She did not mention her own ill-health to him. After allshe thought



it was not much.

You are late!she saidlooking at him.

His eyes were shining; his face seemed to glow. He smiled
to her.

Yes; I've been down Clifton Grove with Clara.

His mother looked at him again.

But won't people talk?she said.

Why? They know she's a suffragette, and so on. And what
if they do talk!

Of course, there may be nothing wrong in it,said his mother.
But you know what folks are, and if once she gets talked about---

Well, I can't help it. Their jaw isn't so almighty important,
after all.

I think you ought to consider HER.

So I DO! What can people say?--that we take a walk together.
I believe you're jealous.

You know I should be GLAD if she weren't a married woman.

Well, my dear, she lives separate from her husband, and talks
on platforms; so she's already singled out from the sheep, and, as far
as I can see, hasn't much to lose. No; her life's nothing to her,
so what's the worth of nothing? She goes with me--it becomes something.
Then she must pay--we both must pay! Folk are so frightened of paying;
they'd rather starve and die.

Very well, my son. We'll see how it will end.

Very well, my mother. I'll abide by the end.

We'll see!

And she's--she's AWFULLY nice, mother; she is really!
You don't know!

That's not the same as marrying her.

It's perhaps better.

There was silence for a while. He wanted
to ask his mother somethingbut was afraid.

Should you like to know her?He hesitated.

Yes,said Mrs. Morel coolly. "I should like to know
what she's like."

But she's nice, mother, she is! And not a bit common!

I never suggested she was.

But you seem to think she's--not as good as---She's better than
ninety-nine folk out of a hundred, I tell you! She's BETTER, she is!
She's fair, she's honest, she's straight! There isn't anything


underhand or superior about her. Don't be mean about her!

Mrs. Morel flushed.

I am sure I am not mean about her. She may be quite
as you say, but---

You don't approve,he finished.

And do you expect me to?she answered coldly.

Yes!--yes!--if you'd anything about you, you'd be glad!
Do you WANT to see her?

I said I did.

Then I'll bring her--shall I bring her here?

You please yourself.

Then I WILL bring her here--one Sunday--to tea. If you think
a horrid thing about her, I shan't forgive you.

His mother laughed.

As if it would make any difference!she said. He knew he
had won.

Oh, but it feels so fine, when she's there! She's such
a queen in her way.

Occasionally he still walked a little way from chapel with Miriam
and Edgar. He did not go up to the farm. Shehoweverwas very much
the same with himand he did not feel embarrassed in her presence.
One evening she was alone when he accompanied her. They began
by talking books: it was their unfailing topic. Mrs. Morel had
said that his and Miriam's affair was like a fire fed on books--if
there were no more volumes it would die out. Miriamfor her part
boasted that she could read him like a bookcould place her finger
any minute on the chapter and the line. Heeasily taken in
believed that Miriam knew more about him than anyone else. So it
pleased him to talk to her about himselflike the simplest egoist.
Very soon the conversation drifted to his own doings. It flattered
him immensely that he was of such supreme interest.

And what have you been doing lately?

I--oh, not much! I made a sketch of Bestwood from the garden,
that is nearly right at last. It's the hundredth try.

So they went on. Then she said:

You've not been out, then, lately?

Yes; I went up Clifton Grove on Monday afternoon with Clara.

It was not very nice weather,said Miriamwas it?

But I wanted to go out, and it was all right. The Trent
IS full.

And did you go to Barton?she asked.

No; we had tea in Clifton.


DID you! That would be nice.

It was! The jolliest old woman! She gave us several
pompom dahlias, as pretty as you like.

Miriam bowed her head and brooded. He was quite unconscious
of concealing anything from her.

What made her give them you?she asked.
He laughed.

Because she liked us--because we were jolly, I should think.
Miriam put her finger in her mouth.

Were you late home?she asked.
At last he resented her tone.

I caught the seven-thirty.
Ha!

They walked on in silenceand he was angry.
And how IS Clara?asked Miriam.

Quite all right, I think.

That's good!she saidwith a tinge of irony. "By the way
what of her husband? One never hears anything of him."

He's got some other woman, and is also quite all right,
he replied. "At leastso I think."

I see--you don't know for certain. Don't you think a position
like that is hard on a woman?

Rottenly hard!
It's so unjust!said Miriam. "The man does as he likes---"


Then let the woman also,he said.
How can she? And if she does, look at her position!


What of it?
Why, it's impossible! You don't understand what a woman forfeits---


No, I don't. But if a woman's got nothing but her fair fame
to feed on, why, it's thin tack, and a donkey would die of it!

So she understood his moral attitudeat leastand she knew
he would act accordingly.

She never asked him anything directbut she got to know enough.

Another daywhen he saw Miriamthe conversation turned
to marriagethen to Clara's marriage with Dawes.

You see,he saidshe never knew the fearful importance


of marriage. She thought it was all in the day's march--it would
have to come--and Dawes--well, a good many women would have given
their souls to get him; so why not him? Then she developed into
the femme incomprise, and treated him badly, I'll bet my boots.


And she left him because he didn't understand her?


I suppose so. I suppose she had to. It isn't altogether
a question of understanding; it's a question of living. With him,
she was only half-alive; the rest was dormant, deadened. And the
dormant woman was the femme incomprise, and she HAD to be awakened.


And what about him.


I don't know. I rather think he loves her as much as he can,
but he's a fool.


It was something like your mother and father,said Miriam.


Yes; but my mother, I believe, got real joy and satisfaction
out of my father at first. I believe she had a passion for him;
that's why she stayed with him. After all, they were bound to
each other.


Yes,said Miriam.


That's what one MUST HAVE, I think,he continued--"the real
real flame of feeling through another person--onceonly once
if it only lasts three months. Seemy mother looks as if she'd
HAD everything that was necessary for her living and developing.
There's not a tiny bit of feeling of sterility about her."


No,said Miriam.


And with my father, at first, I'm sure she had the real thing.
She knows; she has been there. You can feet it about her, and about him,
and about hundreds of people you meet every day; and, once it has
happened to you, you can go on with anything and ripen.


What happened, exactly?asked Miriam.


It's so hard to say, but the something big and intense that
changes you when you really come together with somebody else.
It almost seems to fertilise your soul and make it that you can go
on and mature.


And you think your mother had it with your father?


Yes; and at the bottom she feels grateful to him for giving
it her, even now, though they are miles apart.


And you think Clara never had it?


I'm sure.


Miriam pondered this. She saw what he was seeking--a sort
of baptism of fire in passionit seemed to her. She realised
that he would never be satisfied till he had it. Perhaps it was
essential to himas to some mento sow wild oats; and afterwards
when he was satisfiedhe would not rage with restlessness any more
but could settle down and give her his life into her hands. Wellthen
if he must golet him go and have his fill--something big and intense
he called it. At any ratewhen he had got ithe would not want
it--that he said himself; he would want the other thing that she



could give him. He would want to be ownedso that he could work.
It seemed to her a bitter thing that he must gobut she could let
him go into an inn for a glass of whiskyso she could let him go
to Claraso long as it was something that would satisfy a need in him
and leave him free for herself to possess.


Have you told your mother about Clara?she asked.


She knew this would be a test of the seriousness of his
feeling for the other woman: she knew he was going to Clara for
something vitalnot as a man goes for pleasure to a prostitute
if he told his mother.


Yes,he saidand she is coming to tea on Sunday.


To your house?


Yes; I want mater to see her.


Ah!


There was a silence. Things had gone quicker than she thought.
She felt a sudden bitterness that he could leave her so soon
and so entirely. And was Clara to be accepted by his people
who had been so hostile to herself?


I may call in as I go to chapel,she said. "It is a long
time since I saw Clara."


Very well,he saidastonishedand unconsciously angry.


On the Sunday afternoon he went to Keston to meet Clara at
the station. As he stood on the platform he was trying to examine
in himself if he had a premonition.


Do I FEEL as if she'd come?he said to himselfand he tried
to find out. His heart felt queer and contracted. That seemed
like foreboding. Then he HAD a foreboding she would not come!
Then she would not comeand instead of taking her over the
fields homeas he had imaginedhe would have to go alone.
The train was late; the afternoon would be wastedand the evening.
He hated her for not coming. Why had she promisedthenif she
could not keep her promise? Perhaps she had missed her train--he
himself was always missing trains--but that was no reason why
she should miss this particular one. He was angry with her;
he was furious.


Suddenly he saw the train crawlingsneaking round the corner.
Herethenwas the trainbut of course she had not come. The green
engine hissed along the platformthe row of brown carriages drew up
several doors opened. No; she had not come! No! Yes; ahthere
she was! She had a big black hat on! He was at her side in a moment.


I thought you weren't coming,he said.


She was laughing rather breathlessly as she put out her hand
to him; their eyes met. He took her quickly along the platform
talking at a great rate to hide his feeling. She looked beautiful.
In her hat were large silk rosescoloured like tarnished gold.
Her costume of dark cloth fitted so beautifully over her breast
and shoulders. His pride went up as he walked with her.
He felt the station peoplewho knew himeyed her with awe
and admiration.



I was sure you weren't coming,he laughed shakily.

She laughed in answeralmost with a little cry.

And I wondered, when I was in the train, WHATEVER I should
do if you weren't there!she said.

He caught her hand impulsivelyand they went along
the narrow twitchel. They took the road into Nuttall and
over the Reckoning House Farm. It was a bluemild day.
Everywhere the brown leaves lay scattered; many scarlet hips
stood upon the hedge beside the wood. He gathered a few for her to wear.

Though, really,he saidas he fitted them into the breast
of her coatyou ought to object to my getting them, because of
the birds. But they don't care much for rose-hips in this part,
where they can get plenty of stuff. You often find the berries
going rotten in the springtime.

So he chatteredscarcely aware of what he saidonly knowing
he was putting berries in the bosom of her coatwhile she stood
patiently for him. And she watched his quick handsso full of life
and it seemed to her she had never SEEN anything before. Till now
everything had been indistinct.

They came near to the colliery. It stood quite still and black
among the corn-fieldsits immense heap of slag seen rising almost
from the oats.

What a pity there is a coal-pit here where it is so pretty!
said Clara.

Do you think so?he answered. "You seeI am so used to it
I should miss it. No; and I like the pits here and there. I like the
rows of trucksand the headstocksand the steam in the daytime
and the lights at night. When I was a boyI always thought
a pillar of cloud by day and a pillar of fire by night was a pit
with its steamand its lightsand the burning bank--and I thought
the Lord was always at the pit-top."

As they drew near home she walked in silenceand seemed
to hang back. He pressed her fingers in his own. She flushed
but gave no response.

Don't you want to come home?he asked.

Yes, I want to come,she replied.

It did not occur to him that her position in his home would
be rather a peculiar and difficult one. To him it seemed just as if
one of his men friends were going to be introduced to his mother
only nicer.

The Morels lived in a house in an ugly street that ran down
a steep hill. The street itself was hideous. The house was rather
superior to most. It was oldgrimywith a big bay windowand it
was semi-detached; but it looked gloomy. Then Paul opened the door
to the gardenand all was different. The sunny afternoon was there
like another land. By the path grew tansy and little trees. In front
of the window was a plot of sunny grasswith old lilacs round it.
And away went the gardenwith heaps of dishevelled chrysanthemums
in the sunshinedown to the sycamore-treeand the field
and beyond one looked over a few red-roofed cottages to the hills
with all the glow of the autumn afternoon.


Mrs. Morel sat in her rocking-chairwearing her black
silk blouse. Her grey-brown hair was taken smooth back from her brow
and her high temples; her face was rather pale. Clarasuffering
followed Paul into the kitchen. Mrs. Morel rose. Clara thought
her a ladyeven rather stiff. The young woman was very nervous.
She had almost a wistful lookalmost resigned.


Mother--Clara,said Paul.


Mrs. Morel held out her hand and smiled.


He has told me a good deal about you,she said.


The blood flamed in Clara's cheek.


I hope you don't mind my coming,she faltered.


I was pleased when he said he would bring you,replied Mrs. Morel.


Paulwatchingfelt his heart contract with pain. His mother
looked so smalland sallowand done-for beside the luxuriant Clara.


It's such a pretty day, mother!he said. "And we saw a jay."


His mother looked at him; he had turned to her. She thought
what a man he seemedin his darkwell-made clothes. He was pale
and detached-looking; it would be hard for any woman to keep him.
Her heart glowed; then she was sorry for Clara.


Perhaps you'll leave your things in the parlour,
said Mrs. Morel nicely to the young woman.


Oh, thank you,she replied.


Come on,said Pauland he led the way into the little
front roomwith its old pianoits mahogany furnitureits yellowing
marble mantelpiece. A fire was burning; the place was littered
with books and drawing-boards. "I leave my things lying about
he said. It's so much easier."


She loved his artist's paraphernaliaand the booksand the
photos of people. Soon he was telling her: this was William
this was William's young lady in the evening dressthis was Annie
and her husbandthis was Arthur and his wife and the baby.
She felt as if she were being taken into the family. He showed
her photosbookssketchesand they talked a little while.
Then they returned to the kitchen. Mrs. Morel put aside her book.
Clara wore a blouse of fine silk chiffonwith narrow black-and-white
stripes; her hair was done simplycoiled on top of her head.
She looked rather stately and reserved.


You have gone to live down Sneinton Boulevard?said Mrs. Morel.
When I was a girl--girl, I say!--when I was a young woman WE lived
in Minerva Terrace.


Oh, did you!said Clara. "I have a friend in number 6."


And the conversation had started. They talked Nottingham
and Nottingham people; it interested them both. Clara was still
rather nervous; Mrs. Morel was still somewhat on her dignity.
She clipped her language very clear and precise. But they were going
to get on well togetherPaul saw.



Mrs. Morel measured herself against the younger woman
and found herself easily stronger. Clara was deferential.
She knew Paul's surprising regard for his motherand she had
dreaded the meetingexpecting someone rather hard and cold.
She was surprised to find this little interested woman chatting with
such readiness; and then she feltas she felt with Paulthat she would not
care to stand in Mrs. Morel's way. There was something so hard
and certain in his motheras if she never had a misgiving in her life.


Presently Morel came downruffled and yawningfrom his
afternoon sleep. He scratched his grizzled headhe plodded
in his stocking feethis waistcoat hung open over his shirt.
He seemed incongruous.


This is Mrs. Dawes, father,said Paul.


Then Morel pulled himself together. Clara saw Paul's manner
of bowing and shaking hands.


Oh, indeed!exclaimed Morel. "I am very glad to see you--I am
I assure you. But don't disturb yourself. Nono make yourself
quite comfortableand be very welcome."


Clara was astonished at this flood of hospitality from
the old collier. He was so courteousso gallant! She thought
him most delightful.


And may you have come far?he asked.


Only from Nottingham,she said.


From Nottingham! Then you have had a beautiful day
for your journey.


Then he strayed into the scullery to wash his hands and face
and from force of habit came on to the hearth with the towel to
dry himself.


At tea Clara felt the refinement and sang-froid of the household.
Mrs. Morel was perfectly at her ease. The pouring out the tea and
attending to the people went on unconsciouslywithout interrupting
her in her talk. There was a lot of room at the oval table; the china
of dark blue willow-pattern looked pretty on the glossy cloth.
There was a little bowl of smallyellow chrysanthemums.
Clara felt she completed the circleand it was a pleasure to her.
But she was rather afraid of the self-possession of the Morels
father and all. She took their tone; there was a feeling of balance.
It was a coolclear atmospherewhere everyone was himself
and in harmony. Clara enjoyed itbut there was a fear deep at the
bottom of her.


Paul cleared the table whilst his mother and Clara talked.
Clara was conscious of his quickvigorous body as it came and went
seeming blown quickly by a wind at its work. It was almost like
the hither and thither of a leaf that comes unexpected. Most of herself
went with him. By the way she leaned forwardas if listening
Mrs. Morel could see she was possessed elsewhere as she talked
and again the elder woman was sorry for her.


Having finishedhe strolled down the gardenleaving the two
women to talk. It was a hazysunny afternoonmild and soft.
Clara glanced through the window after him as he loitered among
the chrysanthemums. She felt as if something almost tangible fastened
her to him; yet he seemed so easy in his gracefulindolent movement



so detached as he tied up the too-heavy flower branches to their stakes
that she wanted to shriek in her helplessness.


Mrs. Morel rose.


You will let me help you wash up,said Clara.


Eh, there are so few, it will only take a minute,said the other.


Clarahoweverdried the tea-thingsand was glad to be on
such good terms with his mother; but it was torture not to be able
to follow him down the garden. At last she allowed herself to go;
she felt as if a rope were taken off her ankle.


The afternoon was golden over the hills of Derbyshire. He stood
across in the other gardenbeside a bush of pale Michaelmas daisies
watching the last bees crawl into the hive. Hearing her coming
he turned to her with an easy motionsaying:


It's the end of the run with these chaps.


Clara stood near him. Over the low red wall in front was
the country and the far-off hillsall golden dim.


At that moment Miriam was entering through the garden-door.
She saw Clara go up to himsaw him turnand saw them come to
rest together. Something in their perfect isolation together made
her know that it was accomplished between themthat they were
as she put itmarried. She walked very slowly down the cinder-track
of the long garden.


Clara had pulled a button from a hollyhock spireand was breaking
it to get the seeds. Above her bowed head the pink flowers stared
as if defending her. The last bees were falling down to the hive.


Count your money,laughed Paulas she broke the flat seeds
one by one from the roll of coin. She looked at him.


I'm well off,she saidsmiling.


How much? Pf!He snapped his fingers. "Can I turn them
into gold?"


I'm afraid not,she laughed.


They looked into each other's eyeslaughing. At that moment
they became aware of Miriam. There was a clickand everything
had altered.


Hello, Miriam!he exclaimed. "You said you'd come!"


Yes. Had you forgotten?


She shook hands with Clarasaying:


It seems strange to see you here.


Yes,replied the other; "it seems strange to be here."


There was a hesitation.


This is pretty, isn't it?said Miriam.


I like it very much,replied Clara.



Then Miriam realised that Clara was accepted as she had never been.

Have you come down alone?asked Paul.

Yes; I went to Agatha's to tea. We are going to chapel.
I only called in for a moment to see Clara.

You should have come in here to tea,he said.

Miriam laughed shortlyand Clara turned impatiently aside.

Do you like the chrysanthemums?he asked.

Yes; they are very fine,replied Miriam.

Which sort do you like best?he asked.

I don't know. The bronze, I think.

I don't think you've seen all the sorts. Come and look.
Come and see which are YOUR favourites, Clara.

He led the two women back to his own gardenwhere the towsled
bushes of flowers of all colours stood raggedly along the path down
to the field. The situation did not embarrass himto his knowledge.

Look, Miriam; these are the white ones that came from your garden.
They aren't so fine here, are they?

No,said Miriam.

But they're hardier. You're so sheltered; things grow big
and tender, and then die. These little yellow ones I like.
Will you have some?

While they were out there the bells began to ring in the church
sounding loud across the town and the field. Miriam looked at the
towerproud among the clustering roofsand remembered the sketches
he had brought her. It had been different thenbut he had not left
her even yet. She asked him for a book to read. He ran indoors.

What! is that Miriam?asked his mother coldly.

Yes; she said she'd call and see Clara.

You told her, then?came the sarcastic answer.

Yes; why shouldn't I?

There's certainly no reason why you shouldn't,said Mrs. Morel
and she returned to her book. He winced from his mother's irony
frowned irritablythinking: "Why can't I do as I like?"

You've not seen Mrs. Morel before?Miriam was saying to Clara.

No; but she's so nice!

Yes,said Miriamdropping her head; "in some ways she's
very fine."

I should think so.

Had Paul told you much about her?


He had talked a good deal.

Ha!

There was silence until he returned with the book.

When will you want it back?Miriam asked.

When you like,he answered.

Clara turned to go indoorswhilst he accompanied Miriam
to the gate.


When will you come up to Willey Farm?the latter asked.


I couldn't say,replied Clara.


Mother asked me to say she'd be pleased to see you any time,
if you cared to come.


Thank you; I should like to, but I can't say when.


Oh, very well!exclaimed Miriam rather bitterlyturning away.


She went down the path with her mouth to the flowers he had
given her.


You're sure you won't come in?he said.


No, thanks.


We are going to chapel.


Ah, I shall see you, then!Miriam was very bitter.


Yes.


They parted. He felt guilty towards her. She was bitter
and she scorned him. He still belonged to herselfshe believed;
yet he could have Claratake her homesit with her next his mother
in chapelgive her the same hymn-book he had given herself
years before. She heard him running quickly indoors.


But he did not go straight in. Halting on the plot of grass
he heard his mother's voicethen Clara's answer:


What I hate is the bloodhound quality in Miriam.


Yes,said his mother quicklyyes; DOESN'T it make you
hate her, now!


His heart went hotand he was angry with them for talking
about the girl. What right had they to say that? Something in
the speech itself stung him into a flame of hate against Miriam.
Then his own heart rebelled furiously at Clara's taking the liberty
of speaking so about Miriam. After allthe girl was the better woman
of the twohe thoughtif it came to goodness. He went indoors.
His mother looked excited. She was beating with her hand
rhythmically on the sofa-armas women do who are wearing out.
He could never bear to see the movement. There was a silence;
then he began to talk.


In chapel Miriam saw him find the place in the hymn-book



for Clarain exactly the same way as he used for herself.
And during the sermon he could see the girl across the chapel
her hat throwing a dark shadow over her face. What did she think
seeing Clara with him? He did not stop to consider. He felt himself
cruel towards Miriam.


After chapel he went over Pentrich with Clara. It was a dark
autumn night. They had said good-bye to Miriamand his heart had
smitten him as he left the girl alone. "But it serves her right
he said inside himself, and it almost gave him pleasure to go off
under her eyes with this other handsome woman.


There was a scent of damp leaves in the darkness. Clara's hand
lay warm and inert in his own as they walked. He was full of conflict.
The battle that raged inside him made him feel desperate.


Up Pentrich Hill Clara leaned against him as he went.
He slid his arm round her waist. Feeling the strong motion
of her body under his arm as she walked, the tightness in his
chest because of Miriam relaxed, and the hot blood bathed him.
He held her closer and closer.


Then: You still keep on with Miriam she said quietly.


Only talk. There never WAS a great deal more than talk
between us he said bitterly.


Your mother doesn't care for her said Clara.


Noor I might have married her. But it's all up really!"


Suddenly his voice went passionate with hate.


If I was with her now, we should be jawing about the 'Christian
Mystery', or some such tack. Thank God, I'm not!


They walked on in silence for some time.


But you can't really give her up,said Clara.


I don't give her up, because there's nothing to give,
he said.


There is for her.


I don't know why she and I shouldn't be friends as long
as we live,he said. "But it'll only be friends."


Clara drew away from himleaning away from contact with him.


What are you drawing away for?he asked.


She did not answerbut drew farther from him.


Why do you want to walk alone?he asked.


Still there was no answer. She walked resentfullyhanging her head.


Because I said I would be friends with Miriam!he exclaimed.


She would not answer him anything.


I tell you it's only words that go between us,he persisted
trying to take her again.



She resisted. Suddenly he strode across in front of her
barring her way.


Damn it!he said. "What do you want now?"


You'd better run after Miriam,mocked Clara.


The blood flamed up in him. He stood showing his teeth.
She drooped sulkily. The lane was darkquite lonely. He suddenly
caught her in his armsstretched forwardand put his mouth on
her face in a kiss of rage. She turned frantically to avoid him.
He held her fast. Hard and relentless his mouth came for her.
Her breasts hurt against the wall of his chest. Helplessshe went
loose in his armsand he kissed herand kissed her.


He heard people coming down the hill.


Stand up! stand up!he said thicklygripping her arm till
it hurt. If he had let goshe would have sunk to the ground.


She sighed and walked dizzily beside him. They went on in silence.


We will go over the fields,he said; and then she woke up.


But she let herself be helped over the stileand she
walked in silence with him over the first dark field. It was
the way to Nottingham and to the stationshe knew. He seemed
to be looking about. They came out on a bare hilltop where stood
the dark figure of the ruined windmill. There he halted.
They stood together high up in the darknesslooking at the lights
scattered on the night before themhandfuls of glittering points
villages lying high and low on the darkhere and there.


Like treading among the stars,he saidwith a quaky laugh.


Then he took her in his armsand held her fast. She moved
aside her mouth to askdogged and low:


What time is it?


It doesn't matter,he pleaded thickly.


Yes it does--yes! I must go!


It's early yet,he said.


What time is it?she insisted.


All round lay the black nightspeckled and spangled with lights.


I don't know.


She put her hand on his chestfeeling for his watch.
He felt the joints fuse into fire. She groped in his waistcoat pocket
while he stood panting. In the darkness she could see the round
pale face of the watchbut not the figures. She stooped over it.
He was panting till he could take her in his arms again.


I can't see,she said.


Then don't bother.


Yes; I'm going!she saidturning away.



Wait! I'll look!But he could not see. "I'll strike
a match."


He secretly hoped it was too late to catch the train.
She saw the glowing lantern of his hands as he cradled the light:
then his face lit uphis eyes fixed on the watch. Instantly all was
dark again. All was black before her eyes; only a glowing match was
red near her feet. Where was he?


What is it?she askedafraid.


You can't do it,his voice answered out of the darkness.


There was a pause. She felt in his power. She had heard
the ring in his voice. It frightened her.


What time is it?she askedquietdefinitehopeless.


Two minutes to nine,he repliedtelling the truth with
a struggle.


And can I get from here to the station in fourteen minutes?


No. At any rate---


She could distinguish his dark form again a yard or so away.
She wanted to escape.


But can't I do it?she pleaded.


If you hurry,he said brusquely. "But you could easily
walk itClara; it's only seven miles to the tram. I'll come
with you."


No; I want to catch the train.


But why?


I do--I want to catch the train.


Suddenly his voice altered.


Very well,he saiddry and hard. "Come alongthen."


And he plunged ahead into the darkness. She ran after him
wanting to cry. Now he was hard and cruel to her. She ran over
the roughdark fields behind himout of breathready to drop.
But the double row of lights at the station drew nearer. Suddenly:


There she is!he criedbreaking into a run.


There was a faint rattling noise. Away to the right the train
like a luminous caterpillarwas threading across the night.
The rattling ceased.


She's over the viaduct. You'll just do it.


Clara ranquite out of breathand fell at last into the train.
The whistle blew. He was gone. Gone!--and she was in a carriage
full of people. She felt the cruelty of it.


He turned round and plunged home. Before he knew where
he was he was in the kitchen at home. He was very pale.



His eyes were dark and dangerous-lookingas if he were drunk.
His mother looked at him.

Well, I must say your boots are in a nice state!she said.

He looked at his feet. Then he took off his overcoat.
His mother wondered if he were drunk.

She caught the train then?she said.

Yes.

I hope HER feet weren't so filthy. Where on earth you dragged
her I don't know!

He was silent and motionless for some time.

Did you like her?he asked grudgingly at last.

Yes, I liked her. But you'll tire of her, my son; you know
you will.

He did not answer. She noticed how he laboured in his breathing.

Have you been running?she asked.

We had to run for the train.

You'll go and knock yourself up. You'd better drink hot milk.

It was as good a stimulant as he could havebut he refused
and went to bed. There he lay face down on the counterpane
and shed tears of rage and pain. There was a physical pain
that made him bite his lips till they bledand the chaos inside
him left him unable to thinkalmost to feel.

This is how she serves me, is it?he said in his heart
over and overpressing his face in the quilt. And he hated her.
Again he went over the sceneand again he hated her.

The next day there was a new aloofness about him. Clara was
very gentlealmost loving. But he treated her distantly
with a touch of contempt. She sighedcontinuing to be gentle.
He came round.

One evening of that week Sarah Bernhardt was at the Theatre Royal
in Nottinghamgiving "La Dame aux Camelias". Paul wanted to see
this old and famous actressand he asked Clara to accompany him.
He told his mother to leave the key in the window for him.

Shall I book seats?he asked of Clara.

Yes. And put on an evening suit, will you? I've never seen
you in it.

But, good Lord, Clara! Think of ME in evening suit
at the theatre!he remonstrated.

Would you rather not?she asked.

I will if you WANT me to; but I s'll feel a fool.

She laughed at him.


Then feel a fool for my sake, once, won't you?

The request made his blood flush up.

I suppose I s'll have to.

What are you taking a suitcase for?his mother asked.

He blushed furiously.

Clara asked me,he said.

And what seats are you going in?

Circle--three-and-six each!

Well, I'm sure!exclaimed his mother sarcastically.

It's only once in the bluest of blue moons,he said.

He dressed at Jordan'sput on an overcoat and a capand met
Clara in a cafe. She was with one of her suffragette friends.
She wore an old long coatwhich did not suit herand had a little wrap
over her headwhich he hated. The three went to the theatre together.


Clara took off her coat on the stairsand he discovered she
was in a sort of semi-evening dressthat left her arms and neck
and part of her breast bare. Her hair was done fashionably.
The dressa simple thing of green crapesuited her. She looked
quite grandhe thought. He could see her figure inside the frock
as if that were wrapped closely round her. The firmness and the
softness of her upright body could almost be felt as he looked at her.
He clenched his fists.


And he was to sit all the evening beside her beautiful naked arm
watching the strong throat rise from the strong chestwatching the
breasts under the green stuffthe curve of her limbs in the tight dress.
Something in him hated her again for submitting him to this torture
of nearness. And he loved her as she balanced her head and stared
straight in front of herpoutingwistfulimmobileas if she
yielded herself to her fate because it was too strong for her.
She could not help herself; she was in the grip of something
bigger than herself. A kind of eternal look about heras if she
were a wistful sphinxmade it necessary for him to kiss her.
He dropped his programmeand crouched down on the floor to get it
so that he could kiss her hand and wrist. Her beauty was a torture
to him. She sat immobile. Onlywhen the lights went down
she sank a little against himand he caressed her hand and arm
with his fingers. He could smell her faint perfume. All the time
his blood kept sweeping up in great white-hot waves that killed his
consciousness momentarily.


The drama continued. He saw it all in the distancegoing on
somewhere; he did not know wherebut it seemed far away inside him.
He was Clara's white heavy armsher throather moving bosom.
That seemed to be himself. Then away somewhere the play went on
and he was identified with that also. There was no himself.
The grey and black eyes of Claraher bosom coming
down on himher arm that he held gripped between his hands
were all that existed. Then he felt himself small and helpless
her towering in her force above him.


Only the intervalswhen the lights came uphurt him expressibly.
He wanted to run anywhereso long as it would be dark again.



In a mazehe wandered out for a drink. Then the lights were out
and the strangeinsane reality of Clara and the drama took hold of
him again.


The play went on. But he was obsessed by the desire to
kiss the tiny blue vein that nestled in the bend of her arm.
He could feel it. His whole face seemed suspended till he had
put his lips there. It must be done. And the other people!
At last he bent quickly forward and touched it with his lips.
His moustache brushed the sensitive flesh. Clara shivereddrew away
her arm.


When all was overthe lights upthe people clapping
he came to himself and looked at his watch. His train was gone.


I s'll have to walk home!he said.


Clara looked at him.


It is too late?she asked.


He nodded. Then he helped her on with her coat.


I love you! You look beautiful in that dress,he murmured
over her shoulderamong the throng of bustling people.


She remained quiet. Together they went out of the theatre.
He saw the cabs waitingthe people passing. It seemed he met
a pair of brown eyes which hated him. But he did not know.
He and Clara turned awaymechanically taking the direction to
the station.


The train had gone. He would have to walk the ten miles home.


It doesn't matter,he said. "I shall enjoy it."


Won't you,she saidflushingcome home for the night?
I can sleep with mother.


He looked at her. Their eyes met.


What will your mother say?he asked.


She won't mind.


You're sure?


Quite!


SHALL I come?


If you will.


Very well.


And they turned away. At the first stopping-place they took
the car. The wind blew fresh in their faces. The town was dark;
the tram tipped in its haste. He sat with her hand fast in his.


Will your mother be gone to bed?he asked.


She may be. I hope not.


They hurried along the silentdark little streetthe only



people out of doors. Clara quickly entered the house. He hesitated.


He leaped up the step and was in the room. Her mother appeared
in the inner doorwaylarge and hostile.


Who have you got there?she asked.


It's Mr. Morel; he has missed his train. I thought we might
put him up for the night, and save him a ten-mile walk.


H'm,exclaimed Mrs. Radford. "That's your lookout!
If you've invited himhe's very welcome as far as I'm concerned.
YOU keep the house!"


If you don't like me, I'll go away again,he said.


Nay, nay, you needn't! Come along in! I dunno what you'll
think of the supper I'd got her.


It was a little dish of chip potatoes and a piece of bacon.
The table was roughly laid for one.


You can have some more bacon,continued Mrs. Radford.
More chips you can't have.


It's a shame to bother you,he said.


Oh, don't you be apologetic! It doesn't DO wi' me! You treated her
to the theatre, didn't you?There was a sarcasm in the last question.


Well?laughed Paul uncomfortably.


Well, and what's an inch of bacon! Take your coat off.


The bigstraight-standing woman was trying to estimate
the situation. She moved about the cupboard. Clara took his coat.
The room was very warm and cosy in the lamplight.


My sirs!exclaimed Mrs. Radford; "but you two's a pair
of bright beautiesI must say! What's all that get-up for?"


I believe we don't know,he saidfeeling a victim.


There isn't room in THIS house for two such bobby-dazzlers, if
you fly your kites THAT high!she rallied them. It was a nasty thrust.


He in his dinner jacketand Clara in her green dress
and bare armswere confused. They felt they must shelter
each other in that little kitchen.


And look at THAT blossom! continued Mrs. Radford
pointing to Clara. "What does she reckon she did it for?"


Paul looked at Clara. She was rosy; her neck was warm
with blushes. There was a moment of silence.


You like to see it, don't you?he asked.


The mother had them in her power. All the time his heart
was beating hardand he was tight with anxiety. But he would
fight her.


Me like to see it!exclaimed the old woman. "What should I
like to see her make a fool of herself for?"



I've seen people look bigger fools,he said. Clara was
under his protection now.

Oh, ay! and when was that?came the sarcastic rejoinder.

When they made frights of themselves,he answered.

Mrs. Radfordlarge and threateningstood suspended
on the hearthrugholding her fork.

They're fools either road,she answered at length
turning to the Dutch oven.

No,he saidfighting stoutly. "Folk ought to look as well
as they can."

And do you call THAT looking nice!cried the mother
pointing a scornful fork at Clara. "That--that looks as if it
wasn't properly dressed!"

I believe you're jealous that you can't swank as well,
he said laughing.

Me! I could have worn evening dress with anybody, if I'd
wanted to!came the scornful answer.

And why didn't you want to?he asked pertinently. "Or DID
you wear it?"

There was a long pause. Mrs. Radford readjusted the bacon
in the Dutch oven. His heart beat fastfor fear he had offended her.

Me!she exclaimed at last. "NoI didn't! And when I was
in serviceI knew as soon as one of the maids came out in bare
shoulders what sort SHE wasgoing to her sixpenny hop!"

Were you too good to go to a sixpenny hop?he said.

Clara sat with bowed head. His eyes were dark and glittering.
Mrs. Radford took the Dutch oven from the fireand stood near him
putting bits of bacon on his plate.

THERE'S a nice crozzly bit!she said.

Don't give me the best!he said.

SHE'S got what SHE wants,was the answer.

There was a sort of scornful forbearance in the woman's tone
that made Paul know she was mollified.

But DO have some!he said to Clara.

She looked up at him with her grey eyeshumiliated and lonely.

No thanks!she said.

Why won't you?he answered carelessly.

The blood was beating up like fire in his veins. Mrs. Radford
sat down againlarge and impressive and aloof. He left Clara
altogether to attend to the mother.


They say Sarah Bernhardt's fifty,he said.

Fifty! She's turned sixty!came the scornful answer.

Well,he saidyou'd never think it! She made me want
to howl even now.

I should like to see myself howling at THAT bad old baggage!
said Mrs. Radford. "It's time she began to think herself a grandmother
not a shrieking catamaran---"

He laughed.

A catamaran is a boat the Malays use,he said.

And it's a word as I use,she retorted.

My mother does sometimes, and it's no good my telling her,
he said.

I s'd think she boxes your ears,said Mrs. Radford
good-humouredly.

She'd like to, and she says she will, so I give her a little
stool to stand on.

That's the worst of my mother,said Clara. "She never wants
a stool for anything."

But she often can't touch THAT lady with a long prop,
retorted Mrs. Radford to Paul.

I s'd think she doesn't want touching with a prop,he laughed.
I shouldn't.

It might do the pair of you good to give you a crack
on the head with one,said the motherlaughing suddenly.

Why are you so vindictive towards me?he said. "I've not
stolen anything from you."

No; I'll watch that,laughed the older woman.

Soon the supper was finished. Mrs. Radford sat guard in her
chair. Paul lit a cigarette. Clara went upstairsreturning with
a sleeping-suitwhich she spread on the fender to air.

Why, I'd forgot all about THEM!said Mrs. Radford.
Where have they sprung from?

Out of my drawer.

H'm! You bought 'em for Baxter, an' he wouldn't wear 'em,
would he?--laughing. "Said he reckoned to do wi'out trousers i'
bed." She turned confidentially to Paulsaying: "He couldn't
BEAR 'emthem pyjama things."

The young man sat making rings of smoke.

Well, it's everyone to his taste,he laughed.

Then followed a little discussion of the merits of pyjamas.

My mother loves me in them,he said. "She says I'm a pierrot."


I can imagine they'd suit you,said Mrs. Radford.


After a while he glanced at the little clock that was ticking
on the mantelpiece. It was half-past twelve.


It is funny,he saidbut it takes hours to settle down
to sleep after the theatre.


It's about time you did,said Mrs. Radfordclearing the table.


Are YOU tired?he asked of Clara.


Not the least bit,she answeredavoiding his eyes.


Shall we have a game at cribbage?he said.


I've forgotten it.


Well, I'll teach you again. May we play crib, Mrs. Radford?
he asked.


You'll please yourselves,she said; "but it's pretty late."


A game or so will make us sleepy,he answered.


Clara brought the cardsand sat spinning her wedding-ring whilst
he shuffled them. Mrs. Radford was washing up in the scullery.
As it grew later Paul felt the situation getting more and more tense.


Fifteen two, fifteen four, fifteen six, and two's eight---!


The clock struck one. Still the game continued. Mrs. Radford
had done all the little jobs preparatory to going to bed
had locked the door and filled the kettle. Still Paul went on
dealing and counting. He was obsessed by Clara's arms and throat.
He believed he could see where the division was just beginning
for her breasts. He could not leave her. She watched his hands
and felt her joints melt as they moved quickly. She was so near;
it was almost as if he touched herand yet not quite. His mettle was
roused. He hated Mrs. Radford. She sat onnearly dropping asleep
but determined and obstinate in her chair. Paul glanced at herthen at
Clara. She met his eyesthat were angrymockingand hard as steel.
Her own answered him in shame. He knew SHEat any ratewas
of his mind. He played on.


At last Mrs. Radford roused herself stifflyand said:


Isn't it nigh on time you two was thinking o' bed?


Paul played on without answering. He hated her sufficiently
to murder her.


Half a minute,he said.


The elder woman rose and sailed stubbornly into the scullery
returning with his candlewhich she put on the mantelpiece.
Then she sat down again. The hatred of her went so hot
down his veinshe dropped his cards.


We'll stop, then,he saidbut his voice was still a challenge.


Clara saw his mouth shut hard. Again he glanced at her.
It seemed like an agreement. She bent over the cardscoughing



to clear her throat.


Well, I'm glad you've finished,said Mrs. Radford.
Here, take your things--she thrust the warm suit in his hand--"and
this is your candle. Your room's over this; there's only two
so you can't go far wrong. Wellgood-night. I hope you'll rest well."


I'm sure I shall; I always do,he said.


Yes; and so you ought at your age,she replied.


He bade good-night to Claraand went. The twisting stairs
of whitescrubbed wood creaked and clanged at every step.
He went doggedly. The two doors faced each other. He went in his room
pushed the door towithout fastening the latch.


It was a small room with a large bed. Some of Clara's
hair-pins were on the dressing-table--her hair-brush. Her clothes
and some skirts hung under a cloth in a corner. There was actually
a pair of stockings over a chair. He explored the room.
Two books of his own were there on the shelf. He undressed
folded his suitand sat on the bedlistening. Then he blew
out the candlelay downand in two minutes was almost asleep.
Then click!--he was wide awake and writhing in torment. It was as if
when he had nearly got to sleepsomething had bitten him suddenly
and sent him mad. He sat up and looked at the room in the darkness
his feet doubled under himperfectly motionlesslistening. He heard
a cat somewhere away outside; then the heavypoised tread
of the mother; then Clara's distinct voice:


Will you unfasten my dress?


There was silence for some time. At last the mother said:


Now then! aren't you coming up?


No, not yet,replied the daughter calmly.


Oh, very well then! If it's not late enough, stop a bit longer.
Only you needn't come waking me up when I've got to sleep.


I shan't be long,said Clara.


Immediately afterwards Paul heard the mother slowly mounting
the stairs. The candlelight flashed through the cracks in his door.
Her dress brushed the doorand his heart jumped. Then it was dark
and he heard the clatter of her latch. She was very leisurely indeed
in her preparations for sleep. After a long time it was quite still.
He sat strung up on the bedshivering slightly. His door was
an inch open. As Clara came upstairshe would intercept her.
He waited. All was dead silence. The clock struck two. Then he
heard a slight scrape of the fender downstairs. Now he could not
help himself. His shivering was uncontrollable. He felt he must go
or die.


He stepped off the bedand stood a momentshuddering.
Then he went straight to the door. He tried to step lightly.
The first stair cracked like a shot. He listened. The old woman
stirred in her bed. The staircase was dark. There was a slit
of light under the stair-foot doorwhich opened into the kitchen.
He stood a moment. Then he went onmechanically. Every step creaked
and his back was creepinglest the old woman's door should open
behind him up above. He fumbled with the door at the bottom.
The latch opened with a loud clack. He went through into the kitchen



and shut the door noisily behind him. The old woman daren't
come now.


Then he stoodarrested. Clara was kneeling on a pile of white
underclothing on the hearthrugher back towards himwarming herself.
She did not look roundbut sat crouching on her heelsand her
rounded beautiful back was towards himand her face was hidden.
She was warming her body at the fire for consolation. The glow
was rosy on one sidethe shadow was dark and warm on the other.
Her arms hung slack.


He shuddered violentlyclenching his teeth and fists hard
to keep control. Then he went forward to her. He put one hand
on her shoulderthe fingers of the other hand under her chin to
raise her face. A convulsed shiver ran through heroncetwice
at his touch. She kept her head bent.


Sorry!he murmuredrealising that his hands were very cold.


Then she looked up at himfrightenedlike a thing that is
afraid of death.


My hands are so cold,he murmured.


I like it,she whisperedclosing her eyes.


The breath of her words were on his mouth. Her arms clasped
his knees. The cord of his sleeping-suit dangled against her and made
her shiver. As the warmth went into himhis shuddering became less.


At lengthunable to stand so any morehe raised herand she
buried her head on his shoulder. His hands went over her slowly
with an infinite tenderness of caress. She clung close to him
trying to hide herself against him. He clasped her very fast.
Then at last she looked at himmuteimploringlooking to see if she
must be ashamed.


His eyes were darkvery deepand very quiet. It was as if her
beauty and his taking it hurt himmade him sorrowful. He looked at
her with a little painand was afraid. He was so humble before her.
She kissed him fervently on the eyesfirst onethen the other
and she folded herself to him. She gave herself. He held her fast.
It was a moment intense almost to agony.


She stood letting him adore her and tremble with joy of her.
It healed her hurt pride. It healed her; it made her glad. It made
her feel erect and proud again. Her pride had been wounded inside her.
She had been cheapened. Now she radiated with joy and pride again.
It was her restoration and her recognition.


Then he looked at herhis face radiant. They laughed to
each otherand he strained her to his chest. The seconds ticked off
the minutes passedand still the two stood clasped rigid together
mouth to mouthlike a statue in one block.


But again his fingers went seeking over herrestless
wanderingdissatisfied. The hot blood came up wave upon wave.
She laid her head on his shoulder.


Come you to my room,he murmured.


She looked at him and shook her headher mouth pouting
disconsolatelyher eyes heavy with passion. He watched her fixedly.



Yes!he said.

Again she shook her head.

Why not?he asked.

She looked at him still heavilysorrowfullyand again she
shook her head. His eyes hardenedand he gave way.


Whenlater onhe was back in bedhe wondered why she had
refused to come to him openlyso that her mother would know.
At any ratethen things would have been definite. And she could
have stayed with him the nightwithout having to goas she was
to her mother's bed. It was strangeand he could not understand it.
And then almost immediately he fell asleep.


He awoke in the morning with someone speaking to him.
Opening his eyeshe saw Mrs. Radfordbig and statelylooking down
on him. She held a cup of tea in her hand.


Do you think you're going to sleep till Doomsday?she said.


He laughed at once.


It ought only to be about five o'clock,he said.


Well,she answeredit's half-past seven, whether or not.
Here, I've brought you a cup of tea.


He rubbed his facepushed the tumbled hair off his forehead
and roused himself.


What's it so late for!he grumbled.


He resented being wakened. It amused her. She saw his neck
in the flannel sleeping-jacketas white and round as a girl's. He
rubbed his hair crossly.


It's no good your scratching your head,she said.
It won't make it no earlier. Here, an' how long d'you think I'm
going to stand waiting wi' this here cup?


Oh, dash the cup!he said.


You should go to bed earlier,said the woman.


He looked up at herlaughing with impudence.


I went to bed before YOU did,he said.


Yes, my Guyney, you did!she exclaimed.


Fancy,he saidstirring his teahaving tea brought to bed
to me! My mother'll think I'm ruined for life.


Don't she never do it?asked Mrs. Radford.


She'd as leave think of flying.


Ah, I always spoilt my lot! That's why they've turned out
such bad uns,said the elderly woman.


You'd only Clara,he said. "And Mr. Radford's in heaven.
So I suppose there's only you left to be the bad un."



I'm not bad; I'm only soft,she saidas she went out
of the bedroom. "I'm only a foolI am!"

Clara was very quiet at breakfastbut she had a sort of air
of proprietorship over him that pleased him infinitely. Mrs. Radford
was evidently fond of him. He began to talk of his painting.

What's the good,exclaimed the motherof your whittling
and worrying and twistin' and too-in' at that painting of yours?
What GOOD does it do you, I should like to know? You'd better
be enjoyin' yourself.

Oh, but,exclaimed PaulI made over thirty guineas last year.

Did you! Well, that's a consideration, but it's nothing
to the time you put in.

And I've got four pounds owing. A man said he'd give me five
pounds if I'd paint him and his missis and the dog and the cottage.
And I went and put the fowls in instead of the dog, and he was waxy,
so I had to knock a quid off. I was sick of it, and I didn't like
the dog. I made a picture of it. What shall I do when he pays me
the four pounds?

Nay! you know your own uses for your money,said Mrs. Radford.

But I'm going to bust this four pounds. Should we go
to the seaside for a day or two?

Who?

You and Clara and me.

What, on your money!she exclaimedhalf-wrathful.

Why not?

YOU wouldn't be long in breaking your neck at a hurdle race!
she said.

So long as I get a good run for my money! Will you?

Nay; you may settle that atween you.

And you're willing?he askedamazed and rejoicing.

You'll do as you like,said Mrs. Radfordwhether I'm
willing or not.

CHAPTER XIII

BAXTER DAWES

SOON after Paul had been to the theatre with Clarahe was drinking
in the Punch Bowl with some friends of his when Dawes came in.
Clara's husband was growing stout; his eyelids were getting slack
over his brown eyes; he was losing his healthy firmness of flesh.
He was very evidently on the downward track. Having quarrelled
with his sisterhe had gone into cheap lodgings. His mistress
had left him for a man who would marry her. He had been in prison
one night for fighting when he was drunkand there was a shady


betting episode in which he was concerned.

Paul and he were confirmed enemiesand yet there was between
them that peculiar feeling of intimacyas if they were secretly
near to each otherwhich sometimes exists between two people
although they never speak to one another. Paul often thought of
Baxter Dawesoften wanted to get at him and be friends with him.
He knew that Dawes often thought about himand that the man was
drawn to him by some bond or other. And yet the two never looked
at each other save in hostility.

Since he was a superior employee at Jordan'sit was the thing
for Paul to offer Dawes a drink.

What'll you have?he asked of him.

Nowt wi' a bleeder like you!replied the man.

Paul turned away with a slight disdainful movement of the shoulders
very irritating.

The aristocracy,he continuedis really a military institution.
Take Germany, now. She's got thousands of aristocrats whose only
means of existence is the army. They're deadly poor, and life's
deadly slow. So they hope for a war. They look for war as a chance
of getting on. Till there's a war they are idle good-for-nothings.
When there's a war, they are leaders and commanders. There you are,
then--they WANT war!

He was not a favourite debater in the public-housebeing too
quick and overbearing. He irritated the older men by his assertive
mannerand his cocksureness. They listened in silenceand were
not sorry when he finished.

Dawes interrupted the young man's flow of eloquence by asking
in a loud sneer:

Did you learn all that at th' theatre th' other night?

Paul looked at him; their eyes met. Then he knew Dawes had
seen him coming out of the theatre with Clara.

Why, what about th' theatre?asked one of Paul's associates
glad to get a dig at the young fellowand sniffing something tasty.

Oh, him in a bob-tailed evening suit, on the lardy-da!
sneered Dawesjerking his head contemptuously at Paul.

That's comin' it strong,said the mutual friend.
Tart an' all?

Tart, begod!said Dawes.

Go on; let's have it!cried the mutual friend.

You've got it,said Dawesan' I reckon Morelly had it an' all.

Well, I'll be jiggered!said the mutual friend. "An' was it
a proper tart?"

Tart, God blimey--yes!

How do you know?


Oh,said DawesI reckon he spent th' night---
There was a good deal of laughter at Paul's expense.

But who WAS she? D'you know her?asked the mutual friend.
I should SHAY SHO,said Dawes.

This brought another burst of laughter.
Then spit it out,said the mutual friend.

Dawes shook his headand took a gulp of beer.

It's a wonder he hasn't let on himself,he said.
He'll be braggin' of it in a bit.

Come on, Paul,said the friend; "it's no good. You might
just as well own up."

Own up what? That I happened to take a friend to the theatre?

Oh well, if it was all right, tell us who she was, lad,
said the friend.

She WAS all right,said Dawes.

Paul was furious. Dawes wiped his golden moustache with
his fingerssneering.

Strike me---! One o' that sort?said the mutual friend.
Paul, boy, I'm surprised at you. And do you know her, Baxter?

Just a bit, like!
He winked at the other men.


Oh well,said PaulI'll be going!
The mutual friend laid a detaining hand on his shoulder.


Nay,he saidyou don't get off as easy as that, my lad.
We've got to have a full account of this business.

Then get it from Dawes!he said.
You shouldn't funk your own deeds, man,remonstrated the friend.


Then Dawes made a remark which caused Paul to throw half
a glass of beer in his face.

Oh, Mr. Morel!cried the barmaidand she rang the bell
for the "chucker-out".

Dawes spat and rushed for the young man. At that minute
a brawny fellow with his shirt-sleeves rolled up and his trousers
tight over his haunches intervened.

Now, then!he saidpushing his chest in front of Dawes.

Come out!cried Dawes.

Paul was leaningwhite and quiveringagainst the brass rail
of the bar. He hated Daweswished something could exterminate


him at that minute; and at the same timeseeing the wet hair on
the man's foreheadhe thought he looked pathetic. He did not move.

Come out, you ---,said Dawes.

That's enough, Dawes,cried the barmaid.

Come on,said the "chucker-out"with kindly insistence
you'd better be getting on.

Andby making Dawes edge away from his own close proximity
he worked him to the door.

THAT'S the little sod as started it!cried Dawes
half-cowedpointing to Paul Morel.

Why, what a story, Mr. Dawes!said the barmaid. "You know
it was you all the time."

Still the "chucker-out" kept thrusting his chest forward at him
still he kept edging backuntil he was in the doorway and on the
steps outside; then he turned round.

All right,he saidnodding straight at his rival.

Paul had a curious sensation of pityalmost of affection
mingled with violent hatefor the man. The coloured door swung to;
there was silence in the bar.

Serve, him, jolly well right!said the barmaid.

But it's a nasty thing to get a glass of beer in your eyes,
said the mutual friend.

I tell you I was glad he did,said the barmaid. "Will you
have anotherMr. Morel?"

She held up Paul's glass questioningly. He nodded.

He's a man as doesn't care for anything, is Baxter Dawes,
said one.

Pooh! is he?said the barmaid. "He's a loud-mouthed one
he isand they're never much good. Give me a pleasant-spoken chap
if you want a devil!"

Well, Paul, my lad,said the friendyou'll have to take
care of yourself now for a while.

You won't have to give him a chance over you, that's all,
said the barmaid.

Can you box?asked a friend.

Not a bit,he answeredstill very white.

I might give you a turn or two,said the friend.

Thanks, I haven't time.

And presently he took his departure.

Go along with him, Mr. Jenkinson,whispered the barmaid
tipping Mr. Jenkinson the wink.


The man noddedtook his hatsaid: "Good-night all!"
very heartilyand followed Paulcalling:


Half a minute, old man. You an' me's going the same road,
I believe.


Mr. Morel doesn't like it,said the barmaid. "You'll see
we shan't have him in much more. I'm sorry; he's good company.
And Baxter Dawes wants locking upthat's what he wants."


Paul would have died rather than his mother should get
to know of this affair. He suffered tortures of humiliation
and self-consciousness. There was now a good deal of his life
of which necessarily he could not speak to his mother. He had
a life apart from her--his sexual life. The rest she still kept.
But he felt he had to conceal something from herand it irked him.
There was a certain silence between themand he felt he had
in that silenceto defend himself against her; he felt condemned
by her. Then sometimes he hated herand pulled at her bondage.
His life wanted to free itself of her. It was like a circle where life
turned back on itselfand got no farther. She bore himloved him
kept himand his love turned back into herso that he could not
be free to go forward with his own lifereally love another woman.
At this periodunknowinglyhe resisted his mother's influence.
He did not tell her things; there was a distance between them.


Clara was happyalmost sure of him. She felt she had at last
got him for herself; and then again came the uncertainty. He told
her jestingly of the affair with her husband. Her colour came up
her grey eyes flashed.


That's him to a 'T',she cried--"like a navvy! He's not fit
for mixing with decent folk."


Yet you married him,he said.


It made her furious that he reminded her.


I did!she cried. "But how was I to know?"


I think he might have been rather nice,he said.


You think I made him what he is!she exclaimed.


Oh no! he made himself. But there's something about him---


Clara looked at her lover closely. There was something in him
she hateda sort of detached criticism of herselfa coldness
which made her woman's soul harden against him.


And what are you going to do?she asked.


How?


About Baxter.


There's nothing to do, is there?he replied.


You can fight him if you have to, I suppose?she said.


No; I haven't the least sense of the 'fist'. It's funny.
With most men there's the instinct to clench the fist and hit.
It's not so with me. I should want a knife or a pistol or something



to fight with.
Then you'd better carry something,she said.
Nay,he laughed; "I'm not daggeroso."
But he'll do something to you. You don't know him.
All right,he saidwe'll see.
And you'll let him?
Perhaps, if I can't help it.
And if he kills you?she said.
I should be sorry, for his sake and mine.
Clara was silent for a moment.
You DO make me angry!she exclaimed.
That's nothing afresh,he laughed.
But why are you so silly? You don't know him.
And don't want.
Yes, but you're not going to let a man do as he likes with you?
What must I do?he repliedlaughing.
I should carry a revolver,she said. "I'm sure he's dangerous."
I might blow my fingers off,he said.
No; but won't you?she pleaded.
No.
Not anything?
No.
And you'll leave him to---?
Yes.
You are a fool!
Fact!
She set her teeth with anger.
I could SHAKE you!she criedtrembling with passion.
Why?
Let a man like HIM do as he likes with you.
You can go back to him if he triumphs,he said.
Do you want me to hate you?she asked.



Well, I only tell you,he said.
And YOU say you LOVE me!she exclaimedlow and indignant.


Ought I to slay him to please you?he said. "But if I did
see what a hold he'd have over me."

Do you think I'm a fool!she exclaimed.

Not at all. But you don't understand me, my dear.
There was a pause between them.

But you ought NOT to expose yourself,she pleaded.
He shrugged his shoulders.

'The man in righteousness arrayed,
The pure and blameless liver,
Needs not the keen Toledo blade,
Nor venom-freighted quiver,'


he quoted.
She looked at him searchingly.


I wish I could understand you,she said.
There's simply nothing to understand,he laughed.


She bowed her headbrooding.


He did not see Dawes for several days; then one morning as he
ran upstairs from the Spiral room he almost collided with the burly
metal-worker.

What the---!cried the smith.

Sorry!said Pauland passed on.
SORRY!sneered Dawes.


Paul whistled lightlyPut Me among the Girls.
I'll stop your whistle, my jockey!he said.


The other took no notice.
You're goin' to answer for that job of the other night.


Paul went to his desk in his cornerand turned over the leaves
of the ledger.

Go and tell Fanny I want order 097, quick!he said to his boy.

Dawes stood in the doorwaytall and threateninglooking at
the top of the young man's head.

Six and five's eleven and seven's one-and-six,Paul added aloud.
An' you hear, do you!said Dawes.


FIVE AND NINEPENCE!He wrote a figure. "What's that?"
he said.


I'm going to show you what it is,said the smith.


The other went on adding the figures aloud.


Yer crawlin' little ---, yer daresn't face me proper!


Paul quickly snatched the heavy ruler. Dawes started.
The young man ruled some lines in his ledger. The elder man
was infuriated.


But wait till I light on you, no matter where it is,
I'll settle your hash for a bit, yer little swine!


All right,said Paul.


At that the smith started heavily from the doorway. Just then
a whistle piped shrilly. Paul went to the speaking-tube.


Yes!he saidand he listened. "Er--yes!" He listened
then he laughed. "I'll come down directly. I've got a visitor
just now."


Dawes knew from his tone that he had been speaking to Clara.
He stepped forward.


Yer little devil!he said. "I'll visitor youinside of
two minutes! Think I'm goin' to have YOU whipperty-snappin' round?"


The other clerks in the warehouse looked up. Paul's office-boy
appearedholding some white article.


Fanny says you could have had it last night if you'd let
her know,he said.


All right,answered Paullooking at the stocking.
Get it off.Dawes stood frustratedhelpless with rage.
Morel turned round.


Excuse me a minute,he said to Dawesand he would have
run downstairs.


By God, I'll stop your gallop!shouted the smithseizing him
by the arm. He turned quickly.


Hey! Hey!cried the office-boyalarmed.


Thomas Jordan started out of his little glass officeand came
running down the room.


What's a-matter, what's a-matter?he saidin his old man's
sharp voice.


I'm just goin' ter settle this little ---, that's all,
said Dawes desperately.


What do you mean?snapped Thomas Jordan.


What I say,said Dawesbut he hung fire.


Morel was leaning against the counterashamedhalf-grinning.



What's it all about?snapped Thomas Jordan.


Couldn't say,said Paulshaking his head and shrugging
his shoulders.


Couldn't yer, couldn't yer!cried Dawesthrusting forward
his handsomefurious faceand squaring his fist.


Have you finished?cried the old manstrutting. "Get off
about your businessand don't come here tipsy in the morning."


Dawes turned his big frame slowly upon him.


Tipsy!he said. "Who's tipsy? I'm no more tipsy than
YOU are!"


We've heard that song before,snapped the old man. "Now you
get offand don't be long about it. Comin' HERE with your rowdying."


The smith looked down contemptuously on his employer.
His handslargeand grimyand yet well shaped for his labour
worked restlessly. Paul remembered they were the hands of Clara's
husbandand a flash of hate went through him.


Get out before you're turned out!snapped Thomas Jordan.


Why, who'll turn me out?said Dawesbeginning to sneer.


Mr. Jordan startedmarched up to the smithwaving him off
thrusting his stout little figure at the mansaying:


Get off my premises--get off!


He seized and twitched Dawes's arm.


Come off!said the smithand with a jerk of the elbow he
sent the little manufacturer staggering backwards.


Before anyone could help himThomas Jordan had collided
with the flimsy spring-door. It had given wayand let him crash
down the half-dozen steps into Fanny's room. There was a second
of amazement; then men and girls were running. Dawes stood a moment
looking bitterly on the scenethen he took his departure.


Thomas Jordan was shaken and braisednot otherwise hurt.
He washoweverbeside himself with rage. He dismissed Dawes from
his employmentand summoned him for assault.


At the trial Paul Morel had to give evidence. Asked how
the trouble beganhe said:


Dawes took occasion to insult Mrs. Dawes and me because I
accompanied her to the theatre one evening; then I threw some beer
at him, and he wanted his revenge.


Cherchez la femme!smiled the magistrate.


The case was dismissed after the magistrate had told Dawes he
thought him a skunk.


You gave the case away,snapped Mr. Jordan to Paul.


I don't think I did,replied the latter. "Besidesyou
didn't really want a convictiondid you?"



What do you think I took the case up for?


Well,said PaulI'm sorry if I said the wrong thing.
Clara was also very angry.
Why need MY name have been dragged in?she said.


Better speak it openly than leave it to be whispered.
There was no need for anything at all,she declared.


We are none the poorer,he said indifferently.
YOU may not be,she said.


And you?he asked.
I need never have been mentioned.


I'm sorry,he said; but he did not sound sorry.
He told himself easily: "She will come round." And she did.


He told his mother about the fall of Mr. Jordan and the trial
of Dawes. Mrs. Morel watched him closely.

And what do you think of it all?she asked him.

I think he's a fool,he said.
But he was very uncomfortablenevertheless.


Have you ever considered where it will end?his mother said.
No,he answered; "things work out of themselves."


They do, in a way one doesn't like, as a rule,said his mother.
And then one has to put up with them,he said.


You'll find you're not as good at 'putting up' as you imagine,
she said.

He went on working rapidly at his design.
Do you ever ask HER opinion?she said at length.


What of?
Of you, and the whole thing.


I don't care what her opinion of me is. She's fearfully
in love with me, but it's not very deep.


But quite as deep as your feeling for her.


He looked up at his mother curiously.


Yes,he said. "You knowmotherI think there must be
something the matter with methat I CAN'T love. When she's there
as a ruleI DO love her. Sometimeswhen I see her just as THE WOMAN
I love hermother; but thenwhen she talks and criticises
I often don't listen to her."



Yet she's as much sense as Miriam.

Perhaps; and I love her better than Miriam. But WHY don't
they hold me?

The last question was almost a lamentation. His mother
turned away her facesat looking across the roomvery quiet
gravewith something of renunciation.

But you wouldn't want to marry Clara?she said.

No; at first perhaps I would. But why--why don't I want to marry
her or anybody? I feel sometimes as if I wronged my women, mother.

How wronged them, my son?

I don't know.

He went on painting rather despairingly; he had touched
the quick of the trouble.

And as for wanting to marry,said his motherthere's plenty
of time yet.

But no, mother. I even love Clara, and I did Miriam; but to GIVE
myself to them in marriage I couldn't. I couldn't belong to them.
They seem to want ME, and I can't ever give it them.

You haven't met the right woman.

And I never shall meet the right woman while you live,
he said.

She was very quiet. Now she began to feel again tired
as if she were done.

We'll see, my son,she answered.

The feeling that things were going in a circle made him mad.

Clara wasindeedpassionately in love with himand he with her
as far as passion went. In the daytime he forgot her a good deal.
She was working in the same buildingbut he was not aware of it.
He was busyand her existence was of no matter to him. But all the
time she was in her Spiral room she had a sense that he was upstairs
a physical sense of his person in the same building. Every second
she expected him to come through the doorand when he came it
was a shock to her. But he was often short and offhand with her.
He gave her his directions in an official mannerkeeping her at bay.
With what wits she had left she listened to him. She dared not
misunderstand or fail to rememberbut it was a cruelty to her.
She wanted to touch his chest. She knew exactly how his breast was
shapen under the waistcoatand she wanted to touch it. It maddened
her to hear his mechanical voice giving orders about the work.
She wanted to break through the sham of itsmash the trivial coating
of business which covered him with hardnessget at the man again;
but she was afraidand before she could feel one touch of his warmth he
was goneand she ached again.

He knew that she was dreary every evening she did not see him
so he gave her a good deal of his time. The days were often
a misery to herbut the evenings and the nights were usually
a bliss to them both. Then they were silent. For hours they


sat togetheror walked together in the darkand talked only
a fewalmost meaningless words. But he had her hand in his
and her bosom left its warmth in his chestmaking him feel whole.


One evening they were walking down by the canal
and something was troubling him. She knew she had not got him.
All the time he whistled softly and persistently to himself.
She listenedfeeling she could learn more from his whistling than
from his speech. It was a sad dissatisfied tune--a tune that made
her feel he would not stay with her. She walked on in silence.
When they came to the swing bridge he sat down on the great pole
looking at the stars in the water. He was a long way from her.
She had been thinking.


Will you always stay at Jordan's?she asked.


No,he answered without reflecting. "No; I s'll leave
Nottingham and go abroad--soon."


Go abroad! What for?


I dunno! I feel restless.


But what shall you do?


I shall have to get some steady designing work, and some sort
of sale for my pictures first,he said. "I am gradually making
my way. I know I am."


And when do you think you'll go?


I don't know. I shall hardly go for long, while there's
my mother.


You couldn't leave her?


Not for long.


She looked at the stars in the black water. They lay very
white and staring. It was an agony to know he would leave her
but it was almost an agony to have him near her.


And if you made a nice lot of money, what would you do?
she asked.


Go somewhere in a pretty house near London with my mother.


I see.


There was a long pause.


I could still come and see you,he said. "I don't know.
Don't ask me what I should do; I don't know."


There was a silence. The stars shuddered and broke upon
the water. There came a breath of wind. He went suddenly to her
and put his hand on her shoulder.


Don't ask me anything about the future,he said miserably.
I don't know anything. Be with me now, will you, no matter what
it is?


And she took him in her arms. After allshe was a married woman
and she had no right even to what he gave her. He needed her badly.



She had him in her armsand he was miserable. With her warmth she
folded him overconsoled himloved him. She would let the moment
stand for itself.


After a moment he lifted his head as if he wanted to speak.


Clara,he saidstruggling.


She caught him passionately to herpressed his head down on her
breast with her hand. She could not bear the suffering in his voice.
She was afraid in her soul. He might have anything of her--anything;
but she did not want to KNOW. She felt she could not bear it.
She wanted him to be soothed upon her--soothed. She stood clasping him
and caressing himand he was something unknown to her--something
almost uncanny. She wanted to soothe him into forgetfulness.


And soon the struggle went down in his souland he forgot.
But then Clara was not there for himonly a womanwarmsomething he
loved and almost worshippedthere in the dark. But it was not Clara
and she submitted to him. The naked hunger and inevitability
of his loving hersomething strong and blind and ruthless
in its primitivenessmade the hour almost terrible to her.
She knew how stark and alone he wasand she felt it was great
that he came to her; and she took him simply because his need was
bigger either than her or himand her soul was still within her.
She did this for him in his needeven if he left herfor she
loved him.


All the while the peewits were screaming in the field.
When he came tohe wondered what was near his eyescurving and
strong with life in the darkand what voice it was speaking.
Then he realised it was the grassand the peewit was calling.
The warmth was Clara's breathing heaving. He lifted his head
and looked into her eyes. They were dark and shining and strange
life wild at the source staring into his lifestranger to him
yet meeting him; and he put his face down on her throatafraid.
What was she? A strongstrangewild lifethat breathed with his
in the darkness through this hour. It was all so much bigger than
themselves that he was hushed. They had metand included in their
meeting the thrust of the manifold grass stemsthe cry of the peewit
the wheel of the stars.


When they stood up they saw other lovers stealing down the
opposite hedge. It seemed natural they were there; the night
contained them.


And after such an evening they both were very stillhaving known
the immensity of passion. They felt smallhalf-afraidchildish
and wonderinglike Adam and Eve when they lost their innocence
and realised the magnificence of the power which drove
them out of Paradise and across the great night and the great day
of humanity. It was for each of them an initiation and a satisfaction.
To know their own nothingnessto know the tremendous living flood
which carried them alwaysgave them rest within themselves.
If so great a magnificent power could overwhelm themidentify them
altogether with itselfso that they knew they were only grains in
the tremendous heave that lifted every grass blade its little height
and every treeand living thingthen why fret about themselves?
They could let themselves be carried by lifeand they felt a sort
of peace each in the other. There was a verification which they had
had together. Nothing could nullify itnothing could take it away;
it was almost their belief in life.


But Clara was not satisfied. Something great was there



she knew; something great enveloped her. But it did not keep her.
In the morning it was not the same. They had KNOWNbut she
could not keep the moment. She wanted it again; she wanted
something permanent. She had not realised fully. She thought
it was he whom she wanted. He was not safe to her. This that
had been between them might never be again; he might leave her.
She had not got him; she was not satisfied. She had been there
but she had not gripped the--the something--she knew not what--which she
was mad to have.


In the morning he had considerable peaceand was happy
in himself. It seemed almost as if he had known the baptism of
fire in passionand it left him at rest. But it was not Clara.
It was something that happened because of herbut it was not her.
They were scarcely any nearer each other. It was as if they had been
blind agents of a great force.


When she saw him that day at the factory her heart melted like
a drop of fire. It was his bodyhis brows. The drop of fire grew
more intense in her breast; she must hold him. But hevery quiet
very subdued this morningwent on giving his instruction. She followed
him into the darkugly basementand lifted her arms to him.
He kissed herand the intensity of passion began to burn him again.
Somebody was at the door. He ran upstairs; she returned to her room
moving as if in a trance.


After that the fire slowly went down. He felt more and more that
his experience had been impersonaland not Clara. He loved her.
There was a big tendernessas after a strong emotion they
had known together; but it was not she who could keep his soul steady.
He had wanted her to be something she could not be.


And she was mad with desire of him. She could not see
him without touching him. In the factoryas he talked to her
about Spiral hoseshe ran her hand secretly along his side.
She followed him out into the basement for a quick kiss; her eyes
always mute and yearningfull of unrestrained passionshe kept
fixed on his. He was afraid of herlest she should too flagrantly
give herself away before the other girls. She invariably waited
for him at dinnertime for him to embrace her before she went.
He felt as if she were helplessalmost a burden to himand it
irritated him.


But what do you always want to be kissing and embracing for?
he said. "Surely there's a time for everything."


She looked up at himand the hate came into her eyes.


DO I always want to be kissing you?she said.


Always, even if I come to ask you about the work. I don't
want anything to do with love when I'm at work. Work's work---


And what is love?she asked. "Has it to have special hours?"


Yes; out of work hours.


And you'll regulate it according to Mr. Jordan's closing time?


Yes; and according to the freedom from business of any sort.


It is only to exist in spare time?


That's all, and not always then--not the kissing sort of love.



And that's all you think of it?

It's quite enough.

I'm glad you think so.

And she was cold to him for some time--she hated him; and while
she was cold and contemptuoushe was uneasy till she had forgiven
him again. But when they started afresh they were not any nearer.
He kept her because he never satisfied her.


In the spring they went together to the seaside. They had rooms
at a little cottage near Theddlethorpeand lived as man and wife.
Mrs. Radford sometimes went with them.


It was known in Nottingham that Paul Morel and Mrs. Dawes
were going togetherbut as nothing was very obviousand Clara
always a solitary personand he seemed so simple and innocent
it did not make much difference.


He loved the Lincolnshire coastand she loved the sea.
In the early morning they often went out together to bathe.
The grey of the dawnthe fardesolate reaches of the fenland
smitten with winterthe sea-meadows rank with herbagewere stark
enough to rejoice his soul. As they stepped on to the highroad from
their plank bridgeand looked round at the endless monotony of levels
the land a little darker than the skythe sea sounding small beyond
the sandhillshis heart filled strong with the sweeping relentlessness
of life. She loved him then. He was solitary and strongand his eyes
had a beautiful light.


They shuddered with cold; then he raced her down the road to
the green turf bridge. She could run well. Her colour soon came
her throat was bareher eyes shone. He loved her for being so
luxuriously heavyand yet so quick. Himself was light; she went
with a beautiful rush. They grew warmand walked hand in hand.


A flush came into the skythe wan moonhalf-way down
the westsank into insignificance. On the shadowy land things
began to take lifeplants with great leaves became distinct.
They came through a pass in the bigcold sandhills on to the beach.
The long waste of foreshore lay moaning under the dawn and the sea;
the ocean was a flat dark strip with a white edge. Over the gloomy
sea the sky grew red. Quickly the fire spread among the clouds
and scattered them. Crimson burned to orangeorange to dull gold
and in a golden glitter the sun came updribbling fierily over the
waves in little splashesas if someone had gone along and the light
had spilled from her pail as she walked.


The breakers ran down the shore in longhoarse strokes.
Tiny seagullslike specks of spraywheeled above the line of surf.
Their crying seemed larger than they. Far away the coast reached out
and melted into the morningthe tussocky sandhills seemed to sink
to a level with the beach. Mablethorpe was tiny on their right.
They had alone the space of all this level shorethe seaand the
upcoming sunthe faint noise of the watersthe sharp crying of
the gulls.


They had a warm hollow in the sandhills where the wind did
not come. He stood looking out to sea.


It's very fine,he said.



Now don't get sentimental,she said.


It irritated her to see him standing gazing at the sealike a
solitary and poetic person. He laughed. She quickly undressed.


There are some fine waves this morning,she said triumphantly.


She was a better swimmer than he; he stood idly watching her.


Aren't you coming?she said.


In a minute,he answered.


She was white and velvet skinnedwith heavy shoulders.
A little windcoming from the seablew across her body and ruffled
her hair.


The morning was of a lovely limpid gold colour. Veils of shadow
seemed to be drifting away on the north and the south. Clara stood
shrinking slightly from the touch of the windtwisting her hair.
The sea-grass rose behind the white stripped woman. She glanced
at the seathen looked at him. He was watching her with dark eyes
which she loved and could not understand. She hugged her breasts
between her armscringinglaughing:


Oo, it will be so cold!she said.


He bent forward and kissed herheld her suddenly close
and kissed her again. She stood waiting. He looked into her eyes
then away at the pale sands.


Go, then!he said quietly.


She flung her arms round his neckdrew him against her
kissed him passionatelyand wentsaying:


But you'll come in?


In a minute.


She went plodding heavily over the sand that was soft as velvet.
Heon the sandhillswatched the great pale coast envelop her.
She grew smallerlost proportionseemed only like a large white
bird toiling forward.


Not much more than a big white pebble on the beach, not much
more than a clot of foam being blown and rolled over the sand,
he said to himself.


She seemed to move very slowly across the vast sounding shore.
As he watchedhe lost her. She was dazzled out of sight by
the sunshine. Again he saw herthe merest white speck moving
against the whitemuttering sea-edge.


Look how little she is!he said to himself. "She's lost like
a grain of sand in the beach--just a concentrated speck blown along
a tiny white foam-bubblealmost nothing among the morning.
Why does she absorb me?"


The morning was altogether uninterrupted: she was gone in
the water. Far and wide the beachthe sandhills with their blue marrain
the shining waterglowed together in immenseunbroken solitude.


What is she, after all?he said to himself. "Here's the



seacoast morningbig and permanent and beautiful; there is she
frettingalways unsatisfiedand temporary as a bubble of foam.
What does she mean to meafter all? She represents something
like a bubble of foam represents the sea. But what is she?
It's not her I care for."


Thenstartled by his own unconscious thoughtsthat seemed
to speak so distinctly that all the morning could hearhe undressed
and ran quickly down the sands. She was watching for him. Her arm
flashed up to himshe heaved on a wavesubsidedher shoulders
in a pool of liquid silver. He jumped through the breakers
and in a moment her hand was on his shoulder.


He was a poor swimmerand could not stay long in the water.
She played round him in triumphsporting with her superiority
which he begrudged her. The sunshine stood deep and fine on the water.
They laughed in the sea for a minute or twothen raced each other back
to the sandhills.


When they were drying themselvespanting heavily
he watched her laughingbreathless faceher bright shoulders
her breasts that swayed and made him frightened as she rubbed them
and he thought again:


But she is magnificent, and even bigger than the morning
and the sea. Is she---? Is she---


Sheseeing his dark eyes fixed on herbroke off from her
drying with a laugh.


What are you looking at?she said.


You,he answeredlaughing.


Her eyes met hisand in a moment he was kissing
her white "goose-fleshed" shoulderand thinking:


What is she? What is she?


She loved him in the morning. There was something detached
hardand elemental about his kisses thenas if he were only
conscious of his own willnot in the least of her and her wanting him.


Later in the day he went out sketching.


You,he said to hergo with your mother to Sutton.
I am so dull.


She stood and looked at him. He knew she wanted to come
with himbut he preferred to be alone. She made him feel imprisoned
when she was thereas if he could not get a free deep breath
as if there were something on top of him. She felt his desire
to be free of her.


In the evening he came back to her. They walked down the shore
in the darknessthen sat for a while in the shelter of the sandhills.


It seems,she saidas they stared over the darkness of the sea
where no light was to be seen--"it seemed as if you only loved me
at night--as if you didn't love me in the daytime."


He ran the cold sand through his fingersfeeling guilty
under the accusation.



The night is free to you,he replied. "In the daytime I
want to be by myself."

But why?she said. "Whyeven nowwhen we are on this
short holiday?"

I don't know. Love-making stifles me in the daytime.

But it needn't be always love-making,she said.
It always is,he answeredwhen you and I are together.


She sat feeling very bitter.
Do you ever want to marry me?he asked curiously.


Do you me?she replied.
Yes, yes; I should like us to have children,he answered slowly.


She sat with her head bentfingering the sand.


But you don't really want a divorce from Baxter, do you?
he said.

It was some minutes before she replied.
No,she saidvery deliberately; "I don't think I do."


Why?
I don't know.


Do you feel as if you belonged to him?
No; I don't think so.


What, then?
I think he belongs to me,she replied.


He was silent for some minuteslistening to the wind blowing
over the hoarsedark sea.

And you never really intended to belong to ME?he said.
Yes, I do belong to you,she answered.

No,he said; "because you don't want to be divorced."

It was a knot they could not untieso they left ittook what
they could getand what they could not attain they ignored.


I consider you treated Baxter rottenly,he said another time.


He half-expected Clara to answer himas his mother would:
You consider your own affairs, and don't know so much about
other people's.But she took him seriouslyalmost to his own surprise.


Why?she said.


I suppose you thought he was a lily of the valley, and so
you put him in an appropriate pot, and tended him according.
You made up your mind he was a lily of the valley and it was no



good his being a cow-parsnip. You wouldn't have it.

I certainly never imagined him a lily of the valley.

You imagined him something he wasn't. That's just what a woman is.
She thinks she knows what's good for a man, and she's going to see
he gets it; and no matter if he's starving, he may sit and whistle
for what he needs, while she's got him, and is giving him what's
good for him.


And what are you doing?she asked.


I'm thinking what tune I shall whistle,he laughed.


And instead of boxing his earsshe considered him in earnest.


You think I want to give you what's good for you?she asked.


I hope so; but love should give a sense of freedom,
not of prison. Miriam made me feel tied up like a donkey to a stake.
I must feed on her patch, and nowhere else. It's sickening!


And would YOU let a WOMAN do as she likes?


Yes; I'll see that she likes to love me. If she doesn't--well,
I don't hold her.


If you were as wonderful as you say---,replied Clara.


I should be the marvel I am,he laughed.


There was a silence in which they hated each other
though they laughed.


Love's a dog in a manger,he said.


And which of us is the dog?she asked.


Oh well, you, of course.


So there went on a battle between them. She knew she never fully
had him. Some partbig and vital in himshe had no hold over;
nor did she ever try to get itor even to realise what it was.
And he knew in some way that she held herself still as Mrs. Dawes.
She did not love Dawesnever had loved him; but she believed he
loved herat least depended on her. She felt a certain surety
about him that she never felt with Paul Morel. Her passion
for the young man had filled her soulgiven her a certain
satisfactioneased her of her self-mistrusther doubt.
Whatever else she wasshe was inwardly assured. It was almost
as if she had gained HERSELFand stood now distinct and complete.
She had received her confirmation; but she never believed that her
life belonged to Paul Morelnor his to her. They would separate
in the endand the rest of her life would be an ache after him.
But at any rateshe knew nowshe was sure of herself. And the
same could almost be said of him. Together they had received
the baptism of lifeeach through the other; but now their missions
were separate. Where he wanted to go she could not come with him.
They would have to part sooner or later. Even if they married
and were faithful to each otherstill he would have to leave her
go on aloneand she would only have to attend to him when he
came home. But it was not possible. Each wanted a mate to go side
by side with.



Clara had gone to live with her mother upon Mapperley Plains.
One eveningas Paul and she were walking along Woodborough Road
they met Dawes. Morel knew something about the bearing of the
man approachingbut he was absorbed in his thinking at the moment
so that only his artist's eye watched the form of the stranger.
Then he suddenly turned to Clara with a laughand put his hand on
her shouldersayinglaughing:


But we walk side by side, and yet I'm in London arguing
with an imaginary Orpen; and where are you?


At that instant Dawes passedalmost touching Morel.
The young man glancedsaw the dark brown eyes burningfull of hate
and yet tired.


Who was that?he asked of Clara.


It was Baxter,she replied.


Paul took his hand from her shoulder and glanced round;
then he saw again distinctly the man's form as it approached him.
Dawes still walked erectwith his fine shoulders flung backand his
face lifted; but there was a furtive look in his eyes that gave
one the impression he was trying to get unnoticed past every person
he metglancing suspiciously to see what they thought of him.
And his hands seemed to be wanting to hide. He wore old clothes
the trousers were torn at the kneeand the handkerchief tied round
his throat was dirty; but his cap was still defiantly over one eye.
As she saw himClara felt guilty. There was a tiredness and despair
on his face that made her hate himbecause it hurt her.


He looks shady,said Paul.


But the note of pity in his voice reproached herand made
her feel hard.


His true commonness comes out,she answered.


Do you hate him?he asked.


You talk,she saidabout the cruelty of women; I wish you
knew the cruelty of men in their brute force. They simply don't
know that the woman exists.


Don't I?he said.


No,she answered.


Don't I know you exist?


About ME you know nothing,she said bitterly--"about ME!"


No more than Baxter knew?he asked.


Perhaps not as much.


He felt puzzledand helplessand angry. There she walked
unknown to himthough they had been through such experience together.


But you know ME pretty well,he said.


She did not answer.


Did you know Baxter as well as you know me?he asked.



He wouldn't let me,she said.
And I have let you know me?
It's what men WON'T let you do. They won't let you get


really near to them,she said.
And haven't I let you?
Yes,she answered slowly; "but you've never come near to me.


You can't come out of yourselfyou can't. Baxter could do that better


than you."
He walked on pondering. He was angry with her for prefering
Baxter to him.


You begin to value Baxter now you've not got him,he said.


No; I can only see where he was different from you.


But he felt she had a grudge against him.


One eveningas they were coming home over the fields


she startled him by asking:
Do you think it's worth it--the--the sex part?
The act of loving, itself?
Yes; is it worth anything to you?
But how can you separate it?he said. "It's the culmination


of everything. All our intimacy culminates then."
Not for me,she said.
He was silent. A flash of hate for her came up. After all


she was dissatisfied with himeven therewhere he thought they


fulfilled each other. But he believed her too implicitly.
I feel,she continued slowlyas if I hadn't got you,
as if all of you weren't there, and as if it weren't ME you were taking---


Who, then?


Something just for yourself. It has been fine, so that I
daren't think of it. But is it ME you want, or is it IT?
He again felt guilty. Did he leave Clara out of count


and take simply women? But he thought that was splitting a hair.


When I had Baxter, actually had him, then I DID feel as if I
had all of him,she said.
And it was better?he asked.
Yes, yes; it was more whole. I don't say you haven't given


me more than he ever gave me.
Or could give you.
Yes, perhaps; but you've never given me yourself.



He knitted his brows angrily.


If I start to make love to you,he saidI just go like
a leaf down the wind.


And leave me out of count,she said.


And then is it nothing to you?he askedalmost rigid
with chagrin.


It's something; and sometimes you have carried me away--right
away--I know--and--I reverence you for it--but---


Don't 'but' me,he saidkissing her quicklyas a fire ran
through him.


She submittedand was silent.


It was true as he said. As a rulewhen he started love-making
the emotion was strong enough to carry with it everything--reasonsoul
blood--in a great sweeplike the Trent carries bodily its back-swirls
and intertwiningsnoiselessly. Gradually the little criticisms
the little sensationswere lostthought also wenteverything borne
along in one flood. He becamenot a man with a mindbut a
great instinct. His hands were like creaturesliving; his limbs
his bodywere all life and consciousnesssubject to no will of his
but living in themselves. Just as he wasso it seemed the vigorous
wintry stars were strong also with life. He and they struck with
the same pulse of fireand the same joy of strength which held
the bracken-frond stiff near his eyes held his own body firm.
It was as if heand the starsand the dark herbageand Clara
were licked up in an immense tongue of flamewhich tore onwards
and upwards. Everything rushed along in living beside him;
everything was stillperfect in itselfalong with him.
This wonderful stillness in each thing in itselfwhile it was being
borne along in a very ecstasy of livingseemed the highest point
of bliss.


And Clara knew this held him to herso she trusted altogether
to the passion. Ithoweverfailed her very often. They did
not often reach again the height of that once when the peewits
had called. Graduallysome mechanical effort spoilt their loving
orwhen they had splendid momentsthey had them separately
and not so satisfactorily. So often he seemed merely to be running
on alone; often they realised it had been a failurenot what they
had wanted. He left herknowing THAT evening had only made
a little split between them. Their loving grew more mechanical
without the marvellous glamour. Gradually they began to introduce
noveltiesto get back some of the feeling of satisfaction.
They would be very nearalmost dangerously near to the river
so that the black water ran not far from his faceand it gave
a little thrill; or they loved sometimes in a little hollow below
the fence of the path where people were passing occasionally
on the edge of the townand they heard footsteps comingalmost felt
the vibration of the treadand they heard what the passersby
said--strange little things that were never intended to be heard.
And afterwards each of them was rather ashamedand these things
caused a distance between the two of them. He began to despise her
a littleas if she had merited it!


One night he left her to go to Daybrook Station over the fields.
It was very darkwith an attempt at snowalthough the spring
was so far advanced. Morel had not much time; he plunged forward.
The town ceases almost abruptly on the edge of a steep hollow; there the



houses with their yellow lights stand up against the darkness. He went
over the stileand dropped quickly into the hollow of the fields.
Under the orchard one warm window shone in Swineshead Farm.
Paul glanced round. Behindthe houses stood on the brim of the dip
black against the skylike wild beasts glaring curiously with
yellow eyes down into the darkness. It was the town that seemed
savage and uncouthglaring on the clouds at the back of him.
Some creature stirred under the willows of the farm pond. It was too
dark to distinguish anything.


He was close up to the next stile before he saw a dark shape
leaning against it. The man moved aside.


Good-evening!he said.


Good-evening!Morel answerednot noticing.


Paul Morel?said the man.


Then he knew it was Dawes. The man stopped his way.


I've got yer, have I?he said awkwardly.


I shall miss my train,said Paul.


He could see nothing of Dawes's face. The man's teeth seemed
to chatter as he talked.


You're going to get it from me now,said Dawes.


Morel attempted to move forward; the other man stepped in front
of him.


Are yer goin' to take that top-coat off,he saidor are
you goin' to lie down to it?


Paul was afraid the man was mad.


But,he saidI don't know how to fight.


All right, then,answered Dawesand before the younger man
knew where he washe was staggering backwards from a blow across
the face.


The whole night went black. He tore off his overcoat and coat
dodging a blowand flung the garments over Dawes. The latter
swore savagely. Morelin his shirt-sleeveswas now alert and
furious. He felt his whole body unsheath itself like a claw.
He could not fightso he would use his wits. The other man became
more distinct to him; he could see particularly the shirt-breast.
Dawes stumbled over Paul's coatsthen came rushing forward.
The young man's mouth was bleeding. It was the other man's mouth
he was dying to get atand the desire was anguish in its strength.
He stepped quickly through the stileand as Dawes was coming through
after himlike a flash he got a blow in over the other's mouth.
He shivered with pleasure. Dawes advanced slowlyspitting. Paul
was afraid; he moved round to get to the stile again. Suddenlyfrom
out of nowherecame a great blow against his earthat sent him
falling helpless backwards. He heard Dawes's heavy panting
like a wild beast'sthen came a kick on the kneegiving him
such agony that he got up andquite blindleapt clean under his
enemy's guard. He felt blows and kicksbut they did not hurt.
He hung on to the bigger man like a wild cattill at last Dawes fell
with a crashlosing his presence of mind. Paul went down with him.



Pure instinct brought his hands to the man's neckand before Dawes
in frenzy and agonycould wrench him freehe had got his fists
twisted in the scarf and his knuckles dug in the throat of the
other man. He was a pure instinctwithout reason or feeling.
His bodyhard and wonderful in itselfcleaved against the
struggling body of the other man; not a muscle in him relaxed.
He was quite unconsciousonly his body had taken upon itself to kill
this other man. For himselfhe had neither feeling nor reason.
He lay pressed hard against his adversaryhis body adjusting itself
to its one pure purpose of choking the other manresisting exactly
at the right momentwith exactly the right amount of strength
the struggles of the othersilentintentunchanginggradually
pressing its knuckles deeperfeeling the struggles of the other
body become wilder and more frenzied. Tighter and tighter grew
his bodylike a screw that is gradually increasing in pressure
till something breaks.


Then suddenly he relaxedfull of wonder and misgiving.
Dawes had been yielding. Morel felt his body flame with pain
as he realised what he was doing; he was all bewildered.
Dawes's struggles suddenly renewed themselves in a furious spasm.
Paul's hands were wrenchedtorn out of the scarf in which they
were knottedand he was flung awayhelpless. He heard the horrid
sound of the other's gaspingbut he lay stunned; thenstill dazed
he felt the blows of the other's feetand lost consciousness.


Dawesgrunting with pain like a beastwas kicking the prostrate
body of his rival. Suddenly the whistle of the train shrieked
two fields away. He turned round and glared suspiciously.
What was coming? He saw the lights of the train draw across his vision.
It seemed to him people were approaching. He made off across the
field into Nottinghamand dimly in his consciousness as he went
he felt on his foot the place where his boot had knocked against
one of the lad's bones. The knock seemed to re-echo inside him;
he hurried to get away from it.


Morel gradually came to himself. He knew where he was and
what had happenedbut he did not want to move. He lay still
with tiny bits of snow tickling his face. It was pleasant
to lie quitequite still. The time passed. It was the bits
of snow that kept rousing him when he did not want to be roused.
At last his will clicked into action.


I mustn't lie here,he said; "it's silly."


But still he did not move.


I said I was going to get up,he repeated. "Why don't I?"


And still it was some time before he had sufficiently pulled
himself together to stir; then gradually he got up. Pain made him
sick and dazedbut his brain was clear. Reelinghe groped for
his coats and got them onbuttoning his overcoat up to his ears.
It was some time before he found his cap. He did not know whether his
face was still bleeding. Walking blindlyevery step making him sick
with painhe went back to the pond and washed his face and hands.
The icy water hurtbut helped to bring him back to himself.
He crawled back up the hill to the tram. He wanted to get to his
mother--he must get to his mother--that was his blind intention.
He covered his face as much as he couldand struggled sickly along.
Continually the ground seemed to fall away from him as he walked
and he felt himself dropping with a sickening feeling into space; so
like a nightmarehe got through with the journey home.



Everybody was in bed. He looked at himself. His face was
discoloured and smeared with bloodalmost like a dead man's face.
He washed itand went to bed. The night went by in delirium.
In the morning he found his mother looking at him. Her blue eyes--they
were all he wanted to see. She was there; he was in her hands.


It's not much, mother,he said. "It was Baxter Dawes."


Tell me where it hurts you,she said quietly.


I don't know--my shoulder. Say it was a bicycle accident, mother.


He could not move his arm. Presently Minniethe little servant
came upstairs with some tea.


Your mother's nearly frightened me out of my wits--fainted away,
she said.


He felt he could not bear it. His mother nursed him; he told
her about it.


And now I should have done with them all,she said quietly.


I will, mother.


She covered him up.


And don't think about it,she said--"only try to go to sleep.
The doctor won't be here till eleven."


He had a dislocated shoulderand the second day acute bronchitis
set in. His mother was pale as death nowand very thin. She would
sit and look at himthen away into space. There was something
between them that neither dared mention. Clara came to see him.
Afterwards he said to his mother:


She makes me tired, mother.


Yes; I wish she wouldn't come,Mrs. Morel replied.


Another day Miriam camebut she seemed almost like a stranger
to him.


You know, I don't care about them, mother,he said.


I'm afraid you don't, my son,she replied sadly.


It was given out everywhere that it was a bicycle accident.
Soon he was able to go to work againbut now there was a constant
sickness and gnawing at his heart. He went to Clarabut there seemed
as it werenobody there. He could not work. He and his mother
seemed almost to avoid each other. There was some secret between
them which they could not bear. He was not aware of it. He only
knew that his life seemed unbalancedas if it were going to smash
into pieces.


Clara did not know what was the matter with him.
She realised that he seemed unaware of her. Even when he came
to her he seemed unaware of her; always he was somewhere else.
She felt she was clutching for himand he was somewhere else.
It tortured herand so she tortured him. For a month at a time
she kept him at arm's length. He almost hated herand was driven
to her in spite of himself. He went mostly into the company of men
was always at the George or the White Horse. His mother was ill



distantquietshadowy. He was terrified of something; he dared
not look at her. Her eyes seemed to grow darkerher face more waxen;
still she dragged about at her work.

At Whitsuntide he said he would go to Blackpool for four
days with his friend Newton. The latter was a bigjolly fellow
with a touch of the bounder about him. Paul said his mother must go
to Sheffield to stay a week with Anniewho lived there. Perhaps the
change would do her good. Mrs. Morel was attending a woman's doctor
in Nottingham. He said her heart and her digestion were wrong.
She consented to go to Sheffieldthough she did not want to;
but now she would do everything her son wished of her. Paul said
he would come for her on the fifth dayand stay also in Sheffield
till the holiday was up. It was agreed.

The two young men set off gaily for Blackpool. Mrs. Morel was
quite lively as Paul kissed her and left her. Once at the station
he forgot everything. Four days were clear--not an anxiety
not a thought. The two young men simply enjoyed themselves.
Paul was like another man. None of himself remained--no Clara
no Miriamno mother that fretted him. He wrote to them all
and long letters to his mother; but they were jolly letters that
made her laugh. He was having a good timeas young fellows will
in a place like Blackpool. And underneath it all was a shadow
for her.

Paul was very gayexcited at the thought of staying with his
mother in Sheffield. Newton was to spend the day with them.
Their train was late. Jokinglaughingwith their pipes between
their teeththe young men swung their bags on to the tram-car. Paul
had bought his mother a little collar of real lace that he wanted
to see her wearso that he could tease her about it.

Annie lived in a nice houseand had a little maid. Paul ran
gaily up the steps. He expected his mother laughing in the hall
but it was Annie who opened to him. She seemed distant to him.
He stood a second in dismay. Annie let him kiss her cheek.

Is my mother ill?he said.

Yes; she's not very well. Don't upset her.

Is she in bed?

Yes.

And then the queer feeling went over himas if all the sunshine
had gone out of himand it was all shadow. He dropped the bag
and ran upstairs. Hesitatinghe opened the door. His mother
sat up in bedwearing a dressing-gown of old-rose colour.
She looked at him almost as if she were ashamed of herself
pleading to himhumble. He saw the ashy look about her.

Mother!he said.

I thought you were never coming,she answered gaily.

But he only fell on his knees at the bedsideand buried
his face in the bedclothescrying in agonyand saying:

Mother--mother--mother!

She stroked his hair slowly with her thin hand.


Don't cry,she said. "Don't cry--it's nothing."

But he felt as if his blood was melting into tearsand he
cried in terror and pain.

Don't--don't cry,his mother faltered.

Slowly she stroked his hair. Shocked out of himselfhe cried
and the tears hurt in every fibre of his body. Suddenly he stopped
but he dared not lift his face out of the bedclothes.

You ARE late. Where have you been?his mother asked.

The train was late,he repliedmuffled in the sheet.
Yes; that miserable Central! Is Newton come?


Yes.
I'm sure you must be hungry, and they've kept dinner waiting.


With a wrench he looked up at her.
What is it, mother?he asked brutally.


She averted her eyes as she answered:


Only a bit of a tumour, my boy. You needn't trouble.
It's been there--the lump has--a long time.

Up came the tears again. His mind was clear and hard
but his body was crying.

Where?he said.
She put her hand on her side.


Here. But you know they can sweal a tumour away.


He stood feeling dazed and helplesslike a child. He thought
perhaps it was as she said. Yes; he reassured himself it was so.
But all the while his blood and his body knew definitely what it was.
He sat down on the bedand took her hand. She had never had but the
one ring--her wedding-ring.

When were you poorly?he asked.
It was yesterday it began,she answered submissively.


Pains?


Yes; but not more than I've often had at home. I believe
Dr. Ansell is an alarmist.

You ought not to have travelled alone,he saidto himself
more than to her.

As if that had anything to do with it!she answered quickly.
They were silent for a while.

Now go and have your dinner,she said. "You MUST be hungry."
Have you had yours?


Yes; a beautiful sole I had. Annie IS good to me.


They talked a little whilethen he went downstairs.
He was very white and strained. Newton sat in miserable sympathy.


After dinner he went into the scullery to help Annie to wash up.
The little maid had gone on an errand.


Is it really a tumour?he asked.


Annie began to cry again.


The pain she had yesterday--I never saw anybody suffer like it!
she cried. "Leonard ran like a madman for Dr. Anselland when she'd
got to bed she said to me: 'Annielook at this lump on my side.
I wonder what it is?' And there I lookedand I thought I should
have dropped. Paulas true as I'm hereit's a lump as big as my
double fist. I said: 'Good graciousmotherwhenever did that come?'
'Whychild' she said'it's been there a long time.' I thought I
should have diedour PaulI did. She's been having these pains
for months at homeand nobody looking after her."


The tears came to his eyesthen dried suddenly.


But she's been attending the doctor in Nottingham--and she
never told me,he said.


If I'd have been at home,said AnnieI should have seen
for myself.


He felt like a man walking in unrealities. In the afternoon
he went to see the doctor. The latter was a shrewdlovable man.


But what is it?he said.


The doctor looked at the young manthen knitted his fingers.


It may be a large tumour which has formed in the membrane,
he said slowlyand which we MAY be able to make go away.


Can't you operate?asked Paul.


Not there,replied the doctor.


Are you sure?


QUITE!


Paul meditated a while.


Are you sure it's a tumour?he asked. "Why did Dr. Jameson
in Nottingham never find out anything about it? She's been going
to him for weeksand he's treated her for heart and indigestion."


Mrs. Morel never told Dr. Jameson about the lump,said the doctor.


And do you KNOW it's a tumour?


No, I am not sure.


What else MIGHT it be? You asked my sister if there was
cancer in the family. Might it be cancer?



I don't know.

And what shall you do?

I should like an examination, with Dr. Jameson.

Then have one.

You must arrange about that. His fee wouldn't be less than
ten guineas to come here from Nottingham.


When would you like him to come?


I will call in this evening, and we will talk it over.


Paul went awaybiting his lip.


His mother could come downstairs for teathe doctor said.
Her son went upstairs to help her. She wore the old-rose dressing-gown
that Leonard had given Annieandwith a little colour in her face
was quite young again.


But you look quite pretty in that,he said.


Yes; they make me so fine, I hardly know myself,she answered.


But when she stood up to walkthe colour went. Paul helped her
half-carrying her. At the top of the stairs she was gone. He lifted
her up and carried her quickly downstairs; laid her on the couch.
She was light and frail. Her face looked as if she were dead
with blue lips shut tight. Her eyes opened--her blueunfailing eyes--
and she looked at him pleadinglyalmost wanting him to forgive her.
He held brandy to her lipsbut her mouth would not open.
All the time she watched him lovingly. She was only sorry for him.
The tears ran down his face without ceasingbut not a muscle moved.
He was intent on getting a little brandy between her lips.
Soon she was able to swallow a teaspoonful. She lay backso tired.
The tears continued to run down his face.


But,she pantedit'll go off. Don't cry!


I'm not doing,he said.


After a while she was better again. He was kneeling beside
the couch. They looked into each other's eyes.


I don't want you to make a trouble of it,she said.


No, mother. You'll have to be quite still, and then you'll
get better soon.


But he was white to the lipsand their eyes as they looked
at each other understood. Her eyes were so blue--such a wonderful
forget-me-not blue! He felt if only they had been of a different
colour he could have borne it better. His heart seemed to be
ripping slowly in his breast. He kneeled thereholding her hand
and neither said anything. Then Annie came in.


Are you all right?she murmured timidly to her mother.


Of course,said Mrs. Morel.


Paul sat down and told her about Blackpool. She was curious.



A day or two afterhe went to see Dr. Jameson in Nottingham
to arrange for a consultation. Paul had practically no money in
the world. But he could borrow.


His mother had been used to go to the public consultation on
Saturday morningwhen she could see the doctor for only a nominal sum.
Her son went on the same day. The waiting-room was full of poor women
who sat patiently on a bench around the wall. Paul thought of
his motherin her little black costumesitting waiting likewise.
The doctor was late. The women all looked rather frightened.
Paul asked the nurse in attendance if he could see the doctor
immediately he came. It was arranged so. The women sitting
patiently round the walls of the room eyed the young man curiously.


At last the doctor came. He was about forty
good-lookingbrown-skinned. His wife had diedand he
who had loved herhad specialised on women's ailments.
Paul told his name and his mother's. The doctor did not remember.


Number forty-six M.,said the nurse; and the doctor looked
up the case in his book.


There is a big lump that may be a tumour,said Paul.
But Dr. Ansell was going to write you a letter.


Ah, yes!replied the doctordrawing the letter from
his pocket. He was very friendlyaffablebusykind. He would
come to Sheffield the next day.


What is your father?he asked.


He is a coal-miner,replied Paul.


Not very well off, I suppose?


This--I see after this,said Paul.


And you?smiled the doctor.


I am a clerk in Jordan's Appliance Factory.


The doctor smiled at him.


Er--to go to Sheffield!he saidputting the tips of his
fingers togetherand smiling with his eyes. "Eight guineas?"


Thank you!said Paulflushing and rising. "And you'll
come to-morrow?"


To-morrow--Sunday? Yes! Can you tell me about what time there
is a train in the afternoon?


There is a Central gets in at four-fifteen.


And will there be any way of getting up to the house?
Shall I have to walk?The doctor smiled.


There is the tram,said Paul; "the Western Park tram."


The doctor made a note of it.


Thank you!he saidand shook hands.


Then Paul went on home to see his fatherwho was left in



the charge of Minnie. Walter Morel was getting very grey now.
Paul found him digging in the garden. He had written him a letter.
He shook hands with his father.

Hello, son! Tha has landed, then?said the father.
Yes,replied the son. "But I'm going back to-night."

Are ter, beguy!exclaimed the collier. "An' has ter eaten owt?"
No.

That's just like thee,said Morel. "Come thy ways in."

The father was afraid of the mention of his wife. The two
went indoors. Paul ate in silence; his fatherwith earthy hands
and sleeves rolled upsat in the arm-chair opposite and looked
at him.

Well, an' how is she?asked the miner at lengthin a little voice.

She can sit up; she can be carried down for tea,said Paul.

That's a blessin'!exclaimed Morel. "I hope we s'll soon
be havin' her whoamthen. An' what's that Nottingham doctor say?"
He's going to-morrow to have an examination of her.

Is he beguy! That's a tidy penny, I'm thinkin'!
Eight guineas.

Eight guineas!the miner spoke breathlessly. "Wellwe mun
find it from somewhere."

I can pay that,said Paul.

There was silence between them for some time.

She says she hopes you're getting on all right with Minnie,
Paul said.

Yes, I'm all right, an' I wish as she was,answered Morel.
But Minnie's a good little wench, bless 'er heart!He sat
looking dismal.

I s'll have to be going at half-past three,said Paul.

It's a trapse for thee, lad! Eight guineas! An' when dost
think she'll be able to get as far as this?

We must see what the doctors say to-morrow,Paul said.

Morel sighed deeply. The house seemed strangely empty
and Paul thought his father looked lostforlornand old.

You'll have to go and see her next week, father,he said.
I hope she'll be a-whoam by that time,said Morel.

If she's not,said Paulthen you must come.
I dunno wheer I s'll find th' money,said Morel.


And I'll write to you what the doctor says,said Paul.


But tha writes i' such a fashion, I canna ma'e it out,
said Morel.


Well, I'll write plain.


It was no good asking Morel to answerfor he could scarcely
do more than write his own name.


The doctor came. Leonard felt it his duty to meet him with a cab.
The examination did not take long. AnnieArthurPauland Leonard
were waiting in the parlour anxiously. The doctors came down.
Paul glanced at them. He had never had any hopeexcept when he had
deceived himself.


It MAY be a tumour; we must wait and see,said Dr. Jameson.


And if it is,said Anniecan you sweal it away?


Probably,said the doctor.


Paul put eight sovereigns and half a sovereign on the table.
The doctor counted themtook a florin out of his purseand put
that down.


Thank you!he said. "I'm sorry Mrs. Morel is so ill.
But we must see what we can do."


There can't be an operation?said Paul.


The doctor shook his head.


No,he said; "and even if there couldher heart wouldn't
stand it."


Is her heart risky?asked Paul.


Yes; you must be careful with her.


Very risky?


No--er--no, no! Just take care.


And the doctor was gone.


Then Paul carried his mother downstairs. She lay simply
like a child. But when he was on the stairsshe put her arms round
his neckclinging.


I'm so frightened of these beastly stairs,she said.


And he was frightenedtoo. He would let Leonard do it
another time. He felt he could not carry her.


He thinks it's only a tumour!cried Annie to her mother.
And he can sweal it away.


I KNEW he could,protested Mrs. Morel scornfully.


She pretended not to notice that Paul had gone out of the room.
He sat in the kitchensmoking. Then he tried to brush some grey ash
off his coat. He looked again. It was one of his mother's grey hairs.
It was so long! He held it upand it drifted into the chimney.



He let go. The long grey hair floated and was gone in the blackness
of the chimney.


The next day he kissed her before going back to work.
It was very early in the morningand they were alone.


You won't fret, my boy!she said.


No, mother.


No; it would be silly. And take care of yourself.


Yes,he answered. Thenafter a while: "And I shall come
next Saturdayand shall bring my father?"


I suppose he wants to come,she replied. "At any rate
if he does you'll have to let him."


He kissed her againand stroked the hair from her temples
gentlytenderlyas if she were a lover.


Shan't you be late?she murmured.


I'm going,he saidvery low.


Still he sat a few minutesstroking the brown and grey hair
from her temples.


And you won't be any worse, mother?


No, my son.


You promise me?


Yes; I won't be any worse.


He kissed herheld her in his arms for a momentand was gone.
In the early sunny morning he ran to the stationcrying all the way;
he did not know what for. And her blue eyes were wide and staring
as she thought of him.


In the afternoon he went a walk with Clara. They sat
in the little wood where bluebells were standing. He took her hand.


You'll see,he said to Clarashe'll never be better.


Oh, you don't know!replied the other.


I do,he said.


She caught him impulsively to her breast.


Try and forget it, dear,she said; "try and forget it."


I will,he answered.


Her breast was therewarm for him; her hands were in his hair.
It was comfortingand he held his arms round her. But he did
not forget. He only talked to Clara of something else. And it
was always so. When she felt it comingthe agonyshe cried
to him:


Don't think of it, Paul! Don't think of it, my darling!



And she pressed him to her breastrocked himsoothed him
like a child. So he put the trouble aside for her saketo take it
up again immediately he was alone. All the timeas he went about
he cried mechanically. His mind and hands were busy. He cried
he did not know why. It was his blood weeping. He was just as much
alone whether he was with Clara or with the men in the White Horse.
Just himself and this pressure inside himthat was all that existed.
He read sometimes. He had to keep his mind occupied. And Clara was a
way of occupying his mind.


On the Saturday Walter Morel went to Sheffield. He was
a forlorn figurelooking rather as if nobody owned him.
Paul ran upstairs.


My father's come,he saidkissing his mother.


Has he?she answered wearily.


The old collier came rather frightened into the bedroom.


How dun I find thee, lass?he saidgoing forward and kissing
her in a hastytimid fashion.


Well, I'm middlin',she replied.


I see tha art,he said. He stood looking down on her.
Then he wiped his eyes with his handkerchief. Helplessand as if
nobody owned himhe looked.


Have you gone on all right?asked the wiferather wearily
as if it were an effort to talk to him.


Yis,he answered. "'Er's a bit behint-hand now and againas
yer might expect."


Does she have your dinner ready?asked Mrs. Morel.


Well, I've 'ad to shout at 'er once or twice,he said.


And you MUST shout at her if she's not ready. She WILL leave
things to the last minute.


She gave him a few instructions. He sat looking at her as
if she were almost a stranger to himbefore whom he was awkward
and humbleand also as if he had lost his presence of mind
and wanted to run. This feeling that he wanted to run away
that he was on thorns to be gone from so trying a situationand yet
must linger because it looked bettermade his presence so trying.
He put up his eyebrows for miseryand clenched his fists on his knees
feeling so awkward in presence of big trouble.


Mrs. Morel did not change much. She stayed in Sheffield
for two months. If anythingat the end she was rather worse.
But she wanted to go home. Annie had her children. Mrs. Morel
wanted to go home. So they got a motor-car from Nottingham--for she
was too ill to go by train--and she was driven through the sunshine.
It was just August; everything was bright and warm. Under the blue
sky they could all see she was dying. Yet she was jollier than she
had been for weeks. They all laughed and talked.


Annie,she exclaimedI saw a lizard dart on that rock!


Her eyes were so quick; she was still so full of life.



Morel knew she was coming. He had the front door open.
Everybody was on tiptoe. Half the street turned out. They heard
the sound of the great motor-car. Mrs. Morelsmilingdrove home
down the street.


And just look at them all come out to see me!she said.
But there, I suppose I should have done the same. How do you do,
Mrs. Mathews? How are you, Mrs. Harrison?


They none of them could hearbut they saw her smile and nod.
And they all saw death on her facethey said. It was a great event
in the street.


Morel wanted to carry her indoorsbut he was too old.
Arthur took her as if she were a child. They had set her a big
deep chair by the hearth where her rocking-chair used to stand.
When she was unwrapped and seatedand had drunk a little brandy
she looked round the room.


Don't think I don't like your house, Annie,she said;
but it's nice to be in my own home again.


And Morel answered huskily:


It is, lass, it is.


And Minniethe little quaint maidsaid:


An' we glad t' 'ave yer.


There was a lovely yellow ravel of sunflowers in the garden.
She looked out of the window.


There are my sunflowers!she said.


CHAPTER XIV


THE RELEASE


By the way,said Dr. Ansell one evening when Morel was
in Sheffieldwe've got a man in the fever hospital here who comes
from Nottingham--Dawes. He doesn't seem to have many belongings
in this world.


Baxter Dawes!Paul exclaimed.


That's the man--has been a fine fellow, physically, I should think.
Been in a bit of a mess lately. You know him?


He used to work at the place where I am.


Did he? Do you know anything about him? He's just sulking,
or he'd be a lot better than he is by now.


I don't know anything of his home circumstances, except that
he's separated from his wife and has been a bit down, I believe.
But tell him about me, will you? Tell him I'll come and see him.


The next time Morel saw the doctor he said:


And what about Dawes?



I said to him,answered the other'Do you know a man from
Nottingham named Morel?' and he looked at me as if he'd jump at
my throat. So I said: 'I see you know the name; it's Paul Morel.'
Then I told him about your saying you would go and see him.
'What does he want?' he said, as if you were a policeman.


And did he say he would see me?asked Paul.


He wouldn't say anything--good, bad or indifferent,
replied the doctor.


Why not?


That's what I want to know. There he lies and sulks, day in,
day out. Can't get a word of information out of him.


Do you think I might go?asked Paul.


You might.


There was a feeling of connection between the rival men
more than ever since they had fought. In a way Morel felt guilty
towards the otherand more or less responsible. And being in such
a state of soul himselfhe felt an almost painful nearness to Dawes
who was suffering and despairingtoo. Besidesthey had met
in a naked extremity of hateand it was a bond. At any rate
the elemental man in each had met.


He went down to the isolation hospitalwith Dr. Ansell's card.
This sistera healthy young Irishwomanled him down the ward.


A visitor to see you, Jim Crow,she said.


Dawes turned over suddenly with a startled grunt.


Eh?


Caw!she mocked. "He can only say 'Caw!' I have brought you
a gentleman to see you. Now say 'Thank you' and show some manners."


Dawes looked swiftly with his darkstartled eyes beyond the sister
at Paul. His look was full of fearmistrusthateand misery.
Morel met the swiftdark eyesand hesitated. The two men were
afraid of the naked selves they had been.


Dr. Ansell told me you were here,said Morelholding out
his hand.


Dawes mechanically shook hands.


So I thought I'd come in,continued Paul.


There was no answer. Dawes lay staring at the opposite wall.


Say 'Caw!' mocked the nurse. "Say 'Caw!' Jim Crow."


He is getting on all right?said Paul to her.


Oh yes! He lies and imagines he's going to die,said the nurse
and it frightens every word out of his mouth.


And you MUST have somebody to talk to,laughed Morel.


That's it!laughed the nurse. "Only two old men and a boy



who always cries. It is hard lines! Here am I dying to hear Jim
Crow's voiceand nothing but an odd 'Caw!' will he give!"

So rough on you!said Morel.

Isn't it?said the nurse.
I suppose I am a godsend,he laughed.


Oh, dropped straight from heaven!laughed the nurse.


Presently she left the two men alone. Dawes was thinner
and handsome againbut life seemed low in him. As the doctor said
he was lying sulkingand would not move forward towards convalescence.
He seemed to grudge every beat of his heart.


Have you had a bad time?asked Paul.
Suddenly again Dawes looked at him.

What are you doing in Sheffield?he asked.

My mother was taken ill at my sister's in Thurston Street.
What are you doing here?

There was no answer.
How long have you been in?Morel asked.


I couldn't say for sure,Dawes answered grudgingly.


He lay staring across at the wall oppositeas if trying to
believe Morel was not there. Paul felt his heart go hard and angry.
Dr. Ansell told me you were here,he said coldly.

The other man did not answer.
Typhoid's pretty bad, I know,Morel persisted.


Suddenly Dawes said:
What did you come for?


Because Dr. Ansell said you didn't know anybody here.
Do you?

I know nobody nowhere,said Dawes.

Well,said Paulit's because you don't choose to, then.
There was another silence.

We s'll be taking my mother home as soon as we can,
said Paul.

What's a-matter with her?asked Daweswith a sick man's
interest in illness.

She's got a cancer.

There was another silence.
But we want to get her home,said Paul. "We s'll have to get



a motor-car."
Dawes lay thinking.
Why don't you ask Thomas Jordan to lend you his?said Dawes.
It's not big enough,Morel answered.
Dawes blinked his dark eyes as he lay thinking.
Then ask Jack Pilkington; he'd lend it you. You know him.
I think I s'll hire one,said Paul.
You're a fool if you do,said Dawes.
The sick man was gaunt and handsome again. Paul was sorry


for him because his eyes looked so tired.
Did you get a job here?he asked.
I was only here a day or two before I was taken bad,


Dawes replied.
You want to get in a convalescent home,said Paul.
The other's face clouded again.
I'm goin' in no convalescent home,he said.
My father's been in the one at Seathorpe, an' he liked it.


Dr. Ansell would get you a recommend.


Dawes lay thinking. It was evident he dared not face
the world again.
The seaside would be all right just now,Morel said.


Sun on those sandhills, and the waves not far out.
The other did not answer.
By Gad!Paul concludedtoo miserable to bother much;


it's all right when you know you're going to walk again, and swim!
Dawes glanced at him quickly. The man's dark eyes were


afraid to meet any other eyes in the world. But the real misery
and helplessness in Paul's tone gave him a feeling of relief.
Is she far gone?he asked.
She's going like wax,Paul answered; "but cheerful--lively!"
He bit his lip. After a minute he rose.
Well, I'll be going,he said. "I'll leave you this half-crown."
I don't want it,Dawes muttered.
Morel did not answerbut left the coin on the table.
Well,he saidI'll try and run in when I'm back in Sheffield.


Happen you might like to see my brother-in-law? He works in Pyecrofts.
I don't know him,said Dawes.



He's all right. Should I tell him to come? He might bring
you some papers to look at.

The other man did not answer. Paul went. The strong emotion
that Dawes aroused in himrepressedmade him shiver.

He did not tell his motherbut next day he spoke to Clara
about this interview. It was in the dinner-hour. The two did
not often go out together nowbut this day he asked her to go
with him to the Castle grounds. There they sat while the scarlet
geraniums and the yellow calceolarias blazed in the sunlight.
She was now always rather protectiveand rather resentful towards him.

Did you know Baxter was in Sheffield Hospital with typhoid?
he asked.

She looked at him with startled grey eyesand her face went pale.

No,she saidfrightened.

He's getting better. I went to see him yesterday--the doctor
told me.

Clara seemed stricken by the news.

Is he very bad?she asked guiltily.

He has been. He's mending now.

What did he say to you?

Oh, nothing! He seems to be sulking.

There was a distance between the two of them. He gave her
more information.

She went about shut up and silent. The next time they took
a walk togethershe disengaged herself from his armand walked
at a distance from him. He was wanting her comfort badly.

Won't you be nice with me?he asked.

She did not answer.

What's the matter?he saidputting his arm across her shoulder.

Don't!she saiddisengaging herself.

He left her aloneand returned to his own brooding.

Is it Baxter that upsets you?he asked at length.

I HAVE been VILE to him!she said.

I've said many a time you haven't treated him well,
he replied.

And there was a hostility between them. Each pursued his own
train of thought.

I've treated him--no, I've treated him badly,she said.
And now you treat ME badly. It serves me right.


How do I treat you badly?he said.

It serves me right,she repeated. "I never considered him
worth havingand now you don't consider ME. But it serves me
right. He loved me a thousand times better than you ever did."

He didn't!protested Paul.

He did! At any rate, he did respect me, and that's what you
don't do.

It looked as if he respected you!he said.

He did! And I MADE him horrid--I know I did! You've taught
me that. And he loved me a thousand times better than ever you do.

All right,said Paul.

He only wanted to be left alone now. He had his own trouble
which was almost too much to bear. Clara only tormented him and made
him tired. He was not sorry when he left her.

She went on the first opportunity to Sheffield to see
her husband. The meeting was not a success. But she left him
roses and fruit and money. She wanted to make restitution.
It was not that she loved him. As she looked at him lying there
her heart did not warm with love. Only she wanted to humble
herself to himto kneel before him. She wanted now to be
self-sacrificial. After allshe had failed to make Morel really
love her. She was morally frightened. She wanted to do penance.
So she kneeled to Dawesand it gave him a subtle pleasure.
But the distance between them was still very great--too great.
It frightened the man. It almost pleased the woman. She liked
to feel she was serving him across an insuperable distance.
She was proud now.

Morel went to see Dawes once or twice. There was a sort of
friendship between the two menwho were all the while deadly rivals.
But they never mentioned the woman who was between them.

Mrs. Morel got gradually worse. At first they used to carry
her downstairssometimes even into the garden. She sat propped
in her chairsmilingand so pretty. The gold wedding-ring shone
on her white hand; her hair was carefully brushed. And she watched
the tangled sunflowers dyingthe chrysanthemums coming out
and the dahlias.

Paul and she were afraid of each other. He knewand she knew
that she was dying. But they kept up a pretence of cheerfulness.
Every morningwhen he got uphe went into her room in his pyjamas.

Did you sleep, my dear?he asked.

Yes,she answered.

Not very well?

Well, yes!

Then he knew she had lain awake. He saw her hand under
the bedclothespressing the place on her side where the pain was.

Has it been bad?he asked.


No. It hurt a bit, but nothing to mention.


And she sniffed in her old scornful way. As she lay she
looked like a girl. And all the while her blue eyes watched him.
But there were the dark pain-circles beneath that made him ache again.


It's a sunny day,he said.


It's a beautiful day.


Do you think you'll be carried down?


I shall see.


Then he went away to get her breakfast. All day long he
was conscious of nothing but her. It was a long ache that made
him feverish. Thenwhen he got home in the early eveninghe glanced
through the kitchen window. She was not there; she had not got up.


He ran straight upstairs and kissed her. He was almost afraid
to ask:


Didn't you get up, pigeon?


No,she said. "it was that morphia; it made me tired."


I think he gives you too much,he said.


I think he does,she answered.


He sat down by the bedmiserably. She had a way of curling
and lying on her sidelike a child. The grey and brown hair
was loose over her ear.


Doesn't it tickle you?he saidgently putting it back.


It does,she replied.


His face was near hers. Her blue eyes smiled straight into his
like a girl's--warmlaughing with tender love. It made him pant
with terroragonyand love.


You want your hair doing in a plait,he said. "Lie still."


And going behind herhe carefully loosened her hair
brushed it out. It was like fine long silk of brown and grey.
Her head was snuggled between her shoulders. As he lightly
brushed and plaited her hairhe bit his lip and felt dazed.
It all seemed unrealhe could not understand it.


At night he often worked in her roomlooking up from time
to time. And so often he found her blue eyes fixed on him.
And when their eyes metshe smiled. He worked away again mechanically
producing good stuff without knowing what he was doing.


Sometimes he came invery pale and stillwith watchful
sudden eyeslike a man who is drunk almost to death. They were
both afraid of the veils that were ripping between them.


Then she pretended to be betterchattered to him gaily
made a great fuss over some scraps of news. For they had both come
to the condition when they had to make much of the trifleslest they
should give in to the big thingand their human independence would
go smash. They were afraidso they made light of things and were gay.



Sometimes as she lay he knew she was thinking of the past.
Her mouth gradually shut hard in a line. She was holding herself rigid
so that she might die without ever uttering the great cry that
was tearing from her. He never forgot that hardutterly lonely
and stubborn clenching of her mouthwhich persisted for weeks.
Sometimeswhen it was lightershe talked about her husband.
Now she hated him. She did not forgive him. She could not bear him
to be in the room. And a few thingsthe things that had been most
bitter to hercame up again so strongly that they broke from her
and she told her son.


He felt as if his life were being destroyedpiece by piece
within him. Often the tears came suddenly. He ran to the station
the tear-drops falling on the pavement. Often he could not go
on with his work. The pen stopped writing. He sat staring
quite unconscious. And when he came round again he felt sick
and trembled in his limbs. He never questioned what it was.
His mind did not try to analyse or understand. He merely submitted
and kept his eyes shut; let the thing go over him.


His mother did the same. She thought of the painof the
morphiaof the next day; hardly ever of the death. That was coming
she knew. She had to submit to it. But she would never entreat it
or make friends with it. Blindwith her face shut hard and blind
she was pushed towards the door. The days passedthe weeks
the months.


Sometimesin the sunny afternoonsshe seemed almost happy.


I try to think of the nice times--when we went to Mablethorpe,
and Robin Hood's Bay, and Shanklin,she said. "After all
not everybody has seen those beautiful places. And wasn't it beautiful!
I try to think of thatnot of the other things."


Thenagainfor a whole evening she spoke not a word;
neither did he. They were togetherrigidstubbornsilent. He went
into his room at last to go to bedand leaned against the doorway
as if paralysedunable to go any farther. His consciousness went.
A furious stormhe knew not whatseemed to ravage inside him.
He stood leaning theresubmittingnever questioning.


In the morning they were both normal againthough her face
was grey with the morphiaand her body felt like ash. But they were
bright againnevertheless. Oftenespecially if Annie or Arthur
were at homehe neglected her. He did not see much of Clara.
Usually he was with men. He was quick and active and lively;
but when his friends saw him go white to the gillshis eyes dark
and glitteringthey had a certain mistrust of him. Sometimes he
went to Clarabut she was almost cold to him.


Take me!he said simply.


Occasionally she would. But she was afraid. When he had
her thenthere was something in it that made her shrink away from
him--something unnatural. She grew to dread him. He was so quiet
yet so strange. She was afraid of the man who was not there with her
whom she could feel behind this make-belief lover; somebody sinister
that filled her with horror. She began to have a kind of horror
of him. It was almost as if he were a criminal. He wanted her--he
had her--and it made her feel as if death itself had her in its grip.
She lay in horror. There was no man there loving her. She almost
hated him. Then came little bouts of tenderness. But she dared not
pity him.



Dawes had come to Colonel Seely's Home near Nottingham.
There Paul visited him sometimesClara very occasionally.
Between the two men the friendship developed peculiarly.
Daweswho mended very slowly and seemed very feeble
seemed to leave himself in the hands of Morel.


In the beginning of November Clara reminded Paul that it
was her birthday.


I'd nearly forgotten,he said.


I'd thought quite,she replied.


No. Shall we go to the seaside for the week-end?


They went. It was cold and rather dismal. She waited for him
to be warm and tender with herinstead of which he seemed hardly
aware of her. He sat in the railway-carriagelooking outand was
startled when she spoke to him. He was not definitely thinking.
Things seemed as if they did not exist. She went across to him.


What is it dear?she asked.


Nothing!he said. "Don't those windmill sails look monotonous?"


He sat holding her hand. He could not talk nor think.
It was a comforthoweverto sit holding her hand. She was
dissatisfied and miserable. He was not with her; she was nothing.


And in the evening they sat among the sandhillslooking at
the blackheavy sea.


She will never give in,he said quietly.


Clara's heart sank.


No,she replied.


There are different ways of dying. My father's people
are frightened, and have to be hauled out of life into death
like cattle into a slaughter-house, pulled by the neck;
but my mother's people are pushed from behind, inch by inch.
They are stubborn people, and won't die.


Yes,said Clara.


And she won't die. She can't. Mr. Renshaw, the parson, was in
the other day. 'Think!' he said to her; 'you will have your mother
and father, and your sisters, and your son, in the Other Land.'
And she said: 'I have done without them for a long time, and CAN
do without them now. It is the living I want, not the dead.'
She wants to live even now.


Oh, how horrible!said Claratoo frightened to speak.


And she looks at me, and she wants to stay with me,he went
on monotonously. "She's got such a willit seems as if she would
never go--never!"


Don't think of it!cried Clara.


And she was religious--she is religious now--but it is no good.
She simply won't give in. And do you know,



I said to her on Thursday: 'Mother, if I had to die, I'd die.
I'd WILL to die.' And she said to me, sharp: 'Do you think I
haven't? Do you think you can die when you like?'


His voice ceased. He did not cryonly went on speaking
mo-notonously. Clara wanted to run. She looked round.
There was the blackre-echoing shorethe dark sky down on her.
She got up terrified. She wanted to be where there was light
where there were other people. She wanted to be away from him.
He sat with his head droppednot moving a muscle.


And I don't want her to eat,he saidand she knows it.
When I ask her: 'Shall you have anything' she's almost afraid to
say 'Yes.' 'I'll have a cup of Benger's,' she says. 'It'll only keep
your strength up,' I said to her. 'Yes'--and she almost cried--'but
there's such a gnawing when I eat nothing, I can't bear it.'
So I went and made her the food. It's the cancer that gnaws like
that at her. I wish she'd die!


Come!said Clara roughly. "I'm going."


He followed her down the darkness of the sands. He did
not come to her. He seemed scarcely aware of her existence.
And she was afraid of himand disliked him.


In the same acute daze they went back to Nottingham.
He was always busyalways doing somethingalways going from one
to the other of his friends.


On the Monday he went to see Baxter Dawes. Listless and pale
the man rose to greet the otherclinging to his chair as he held
out his hand.


You shouldn't get up,said Paul.


Dawes sat down heavilyeyeing Morel with a sort of suspicion.


Don't you waste your time on me,he saidif you've owt
better to do.


I wanted to come,said Paul. "Here! I brought you some sweets."


The invalid put them aside.


It's not been much of a week-end,said Morel.


How's your mother?asked the other.


Hardly any different.


I thought she was perhaps worse, being as you didn't come
on Sunday.


I was at Skegness,said Paul. "I wanted a change."


The other looked at him with dark eyes. He seemed to be
waitingnot quite daring to asktrusting to be told.


I went with Clara,said Paul.


I knew as much,said Dawes quietly.


It was an old promise,said Paul.



You have it your own way,said Dawes.

This was the first time Clara had been definitely mentioned

between them.

Nay,said Morel slowly; "she's tired of me."

Again Dawes looked at him.

Since August she's been getting tired of me,Morel repeated.

The two men were very quiet together. Paul suggested a game


of draughts. They played in silence.
I s'll go abroad when my mother's dead,said Paul.
Abroad!repeated Dawes.
Yes; I don't care what I do.
They continued the game. Dawes was winning.
I s'll have to begin a new start of some sort,said Paul;


and you as well, I suppose.
He took one of Dawes's pieces.
I dunno where,said the other.
Things have to happen,Morel said. "It's no good doing


anything--at least--noI don't know. Give me some toffee."
The two men ate sweetsand began another game of draughts.
What made that scar on your mouth?asked Dawes.
Paul put his hand hastily to his lipsand looked over the garden.
I had a bicycle accident,he said.
Dawes's hand trembled as he moved the piece.
You shouldn't ha' laughed at me,he saidvery low.
When?
That night on Woodborough Road, when you and her passed


me--you with your hand on her shoulder.
I never laughed at you,said Paul.
Dawes kept his fingers on the draught-piece.
I never knew you were there till the very second when you passed,


said Morel.
It was that as did me,Dawes saidvery low.
Paul took another sweet.
I never laughed,he saidexcept as I'm always laughing.
They finished the game.



That night Morel walked home from Nottinghamin order to have
something to do. The furnaces flared in a red blotch over Bulwell;
the black clouds were like a low ceiling. As he went along the ten
miles of highroadhe felt as if he were walking out of life
between the black levels of the sky and the earth. But at the end
was only the sick-room. If he walked and walked for everthere was
only that place to come to.


He was not tired when he got near homeor He did not know it.
Across the field he could see the red firelight leaping in her
bedroom window.


When she's dead,he said to himselfthat fire will go out.


He took off his boots quietly and crept upstairs.
His mothers door was wide openbecause she slept alone still.
The red firelight dashed its glow on the landing. Soft as a shadow
he peeped in her doorway.


Paul!she murmured.


His heart seemed to break again. He went in and sat by the bed.


How late you are!she murmured.


Not very,he said.


Why, what time is it?The murmur came plaintive and helpless.


It's only just gone eleven.


That was not true; it was nearly one o'clock.


Oh!she said; "I thought it was later."


And he knew the unutterable misery of her nights that would
not go.


Can't you sleep, my pigeon?he said.


No, I can't,she wailed.


Never mind, Little!He said crooning. "Never mindmy love.
I'll stop with you half an hourmy pigeon; then perhaps it will
be better."


And he sat by the bedsideslowlyrhythmically stroking her
brows with his finger-tipsstroking her eyes shutsoothing her
holding her fingers in his free hand. They could hear the sleepers'
breathing in the other rooms.


Now go to bed,she murmuredlying quite still under his
fingers and his love.


Will you sleep?he asked.


Yes, I think so.


You feel better, my Little, don't you?


Yes,she saidlike a fretfulhalf-soothed child.


Still the days and the weeks went by. He hardly ever went to see
Clara now. But he wandered restlessly from one person to another



for some helpand there was none anywhere. Miriam had written
to him tenderly. He went to see her. Her heart was very sore
when she saw himwhitegauntwith his eyes dark and bewildered.
Her pity came uphurting her till she could not bear it.


How is she?she asked.


The same--the same!he said. "The doctor says she can't last
but I know she will. She'll be here at Christmas."


Miriam shuddered. She drew him to her; she pressed him to her bosom;
she kissed him and kissed him. He submittedbut it was torture.
She could not kiss his agony. That remained alone and apart.
She kissed his faceand roused his bloodwhile his soul was apart
writhing with the agony of death. And she kissed him and fingered
his bodytill at lastfeeling he would go madhe got away from her.
It was not what he wanted just then--not that. And she thought she
had soothed him and done him good.


December cameand some snow. He stayed at home all the while now.
They could not afford a nurse. Annie came to look after her mother;
the parish nursewhom they lovedcame in morning and evening.
Paul shared the nursing with Annie. Oftenin the evenings
when friends were in the kitchen with themthey all laughed together
and shook with laughter. It was reaction. Paul was so comical
Annie was so quaint. The whole party laughed till they cried
trying to subdue the sound. And Mrs. Morellying alone in the
darkness heard themand among her bitterness was a feeling
of relief.


Then Paul would go upstairs gingerlyguiltilyto see if she
had heard.


Shall I give you some milk?he asked.


A little,she replied plaintively.


And he would put some water with itso that it should not
nourish her. Yet he loved her more than his own life.


She had morphia every nightand her heart got fitful.
Annie slept beside her. Paul would go in in the early morning
when his sister got up. His mother was wasted and almost ashen
in the morning with the morphia. Darker and darker grew her eyes
all pupilwith the torture. In the mornings the weariness and ache
were too much to bear. Yet she could not--would not--weepor even
complain much.


You slept a bit later this morning, little one,he would
say to her.


Did I?she answeredwith fretful weariness.


Yes; it's nearly eight o'clock.


He stood looking out of the window. The whole country
was bleak and pallid under the snow. Then he felt her pulse.
There was a strong stroke and a weak onelike a sound and its echo.
That was supposed to betoken the end. She let him feel her wrist
knowing what he wanted.


Sometimes they looked in each other's eyes. Then they almost
seemed to make an agreement. It was almost as if he were agreeing
to die also. But she did not consent to die; she would not.



Her body was wasted to a fragment of ash. Her eyes were dark and
full of torture.


Can't you give her something to put an end to it?he asked
the doctor at last.


But the doctor shook his head.


She can't last many days now, Mr. Morel,he said.


Paul went indoors.


I can't bear it much longer; we shall all go mad,said Annie.


The two sat down to breakfast.


Go and sit with her while we have breakfast, Minnie,said Annie.
But the girl was frightened.


Paul went through the countrythrough the woodsover the snow.
He saw the marks of rabbits and birds in the white snow.
He wandered miles and miles. A smoky red sunset came on slowly
painfullylingering. He thought she would die that day. There was
a donkey that came up to him over the snow by the wood's edge
and put its head against himand walked with him alongside.
He put his arms round the donkey's neckand stroked his cheeks
against his ears.


His mothersilentwas still alivewith her hard mouth
gripped grimlyher eyes of dark torture only living.


It was nearing Christmas; there was more snow. Annie and
he felt as if they could go on no more. Still her dark eyes
were alive. Morelsilent and frightenedobliterated himself.
Sometimes he would go into the sick-room and look at her.
Then he backed outbewildered.


She kept her hold on life still. The miners had been out
on strikeand returned a fortnight or so before Christmas.
Minnie went upstairs with the feeding-cup. It was two days after
the men had been in.


Have the men been saying their hands are sore, Minnie?
she askedin the faintquerulous voice that would not give in.
Minnie stood surprised.


Not as I know of, Mrs. Morel,she answered.


But I'll bet they are sore,said the dying womanas she
moved her head with a sigh of weariness. "Butat any rate
there'll be something to buy in with this week."


Not a thing did she let slip.


Your father's pit things will want well airing, Annie,she said
when the men were going back to work.


Don't you bother about that, my dear,said Annie.


One night Annie and Paul were alone. Nurse was upstairs.


She'll live over Christmas,said Annie. They were both full
of horror. "She won't he replied grimly. I s'll give her morphia."



Which?said Annie.

All that came from Sheffield,said Paul.

Ay--do!said Annie.

The next day he was painting in the bedroom. She seemed
to be asleep. He stepped softly backwards and forwards at his
painting. Suddenly her small voice wailed:


Don't walk about, Paul.


He looked round. Her eyeslike dark bubbles in her face
were looking at him.


No, my dear,he said gently. Another fibre seemed to snap
in his heart.


That evening he got all the morphia pills there wereand took
them downstairs. Carefully he crushed them to powder.


What are you doing?said Annie.


I s'll put 'em in her night milk.


Then they both laughed together like two conspiring children.
On top of all their horror flicked this little sanity.


Nurse did not come that night to settle Mrs. Morel down.
Paul went up with the hot milk in a feeding-cup. It was nine
o'clock.


She was reared up in bedand he put the feeding-cup between her
lips that he would have died to save from any hurt. She took a sip
then put the spout of the cup away and looked at him with her dark
wondering eyes. He looked at her.


Oh, it IS bitter, Paul!she saidmaking a little grimace.


It's a new sleeping draught the doctor gave me for you,he said.
He thought it would leave you in such a state in the morning.


And I hope it won't,she saidlike a child.


She drank some more of the milk.


But it IS horrid!she said.


He saw her frail fingers over the cupher lips making
a little move.


I know--I tasted it,he said. "But I'll give you some clean
milk afterwards."


I think so,she saidand she went on with the draught.
She was obedient to him like a child. He wondered if she knew.
He saw her poor wasted throat moving as she drank with difficulty.
Then he ran downstairs for more milk. There were no grains in the bottom
of the cup.


Has she had it?whispered Annie.


Yes--and she said it was bitter.



Oh!laughed Annieputting her under lip between her teeth.

And I told her it was a new draught. Where's that milk?

They both went upstairs.

I wonder why nurse didn't come to settle me down?
complained the motherlike a childwistfully.

She said she was going to a concert, my love,replied Annie.

Did she?

They were silent a minute. Mrs. Morel gulped the little
clean milk.

Annie, that draught WAS horrid!she said plaintively.

Was it, my love? Well, never mind.

The mother sighed again with weariness. Her pulse was
very irregular.

Let US settle you down,said Annie. "Perhaps nurse will
be so late."

Ay,said the mother--"try."

They turned the clothes back. Paul saw his mother LIke a girl
curled up in her flannel nightdress. Quickly they made one half
of the bedmoved hermade the otherstraightened her nightgown
over her small feetand covered her up.

There,said Paulstroking her softly. "There!--now you'll sleep."

Yes,she said. "I didn't think you could do the bed so nicely
she added, almost gaily. Then she curled up, with her cheek
on her hand, her head snugged between her shoulders. Paul put
the long thin plait of grey hair over her shoulder and kissed her.

You'll sleepmy love he said.

Yes she answered trustfully. Good-night."

They put out the lightand it was still.

Morel was in bed. Nurse did not come. Annie and Paul came
to look at her at about eleven. She seemed to be sleeping as usual
after her draught. Her mouth had come a bit open.

Shall we sit up?said Paul.

I s'll lie with her as I always do,said Annie. "She might
wake up."

All right. And call me if you see any difference.

Yes.

They lingered before the bedroom firefeeling the night big
and black and snowy outsidetheir two selves alone in the world.
At last he went into the next room and went to bed.

He slept almost immediatelybut kept waking every now and again.


Then he went sound asleep. He started awake at Annie's whispered
Paul, Paul!He saw his sister in her white nightdresswith her
long plait of hair down her backstanding in the darkness.


Yes?he whisperedsitting up.


Come and look at her.


He slipped out of bed. A bud of gas was burning in the
sick chamber. His mother lay with her cheek on her handcurled up
as she had gone to sleep. But her mouth had fallen openand she
breathed with greathoarse breathslike snoringand there were
long intervals between.


She's going!he whispered.


Yes,said Annie.


How long has she been like it?


I only just woke up.


Annie huddled into the dressing-gownPaul wrapped himself
in a brown blanket. It was three o'clock. He mended the fire.
Then the two sat waiting. The greatsnoring breath was taken--held
awhile--then given back. There was a space--a long space.
Then they started. The greatsnoring breath was taken again.
He bent close down and looked at her.


Isn't it awful!whispered Annie.


He nodded. They sat down again helplessly. Again came the great
snoring breath. Again they hung suspended. Again it was given back
long and harsh. The soundso irregularat such wide intervals
sounded through the house. Morelin his roomslept on.
Paul and Annie sat crouchedhuddledmotionless. The great snoring
sound began again--there was a painful pause while the breath was
held--back came the rasping breath. Minute after minute passed.
Paul looked at her againbending low over her.


She may last like this,he said.


They were both silent. He looked out of the windowand could
faintly discern the snow on the garden.


You go to my bed,he said to Annie. "I'll sit up."


No,she saidI'll stop with you.


I'd rather you didn't,he said.


At last Annie crept out of the roomand he was alone.
He hugged himself in his brown blanketcrouched in front of
his motherwatching. She looked dreadfulwith the bottom jaw
fallen back. He watched. Sometimes he thought the great breath
would never begin again. He could not bear it--the waiting.
Then suddenlystartling himcame the great harsh sound.
He mended the fire againnoiselessly. She must not be disturbed.
The minutes went by. The night was goingbreath by breath.
Each time the sound came he felt it wring himtill at last he could
not feel so much.


His father got up. Paul heard the miner drawing his
stockings onyawning. Then Morelin shirt and stockingsentered.



Hush!said Paul.


Morel stood watching. Then he looked at his sonhelplessly
and in horror.


Had I better stop a-whoam?he whispered.


No. Go to work. She'll last through to-morrow.


I don't think so.


Yes. Go to work.


The miner looked at her againin fearand went obediently
out of the room. Paul saw the tape of his garters swinging against
his legs.


After another half-hour Paul went downstairs and drank a cup
of teathen returned. Moreldressed for the pitcame upstairs again.


Am I to go?he said.


Yes.


And in a few minutes Paul heard his father's heavy steps go
thudding over the deadening snow. Miners called in the streets
as they tramped in gangs to work. The terriblelong-drawn breaths
continued--heave--heave--heave; then a long pause--then--ah-h-h-h-h!
as it came back. Far away over the snow sounded the hooters
of the ironworks. One after another they crowed and boomed
some small and far awaysome nearthe blowers of the collieries
and the other works. Then there was silence. He mended the fire.
The great breaths broke the silence--she looked just the same.
He put back the blind and peered out. Still it was dark.
Perhaps there was a lighter tinge. Perhaps the snow was bluer.
He drew up the blind and got dressed. Thenshudderinghe drank
brandy from the bottle on the wash-stand. The snow WAS growing blue.
He heard a cart clanking down the street. Yesit was seven o'clock
and it was coming a little bit light. He heard some people calling.
The world was waking. A greydeathly dawn crept over the snow.
Yeshe could see the houses. He put out the gas. It seemed
very dark. The breathing came stillbut he was almost used to it.
He could see her. She was just the same. He wondered if he piled
heavy clothes on top of her it would stop. He looked at her.
That was not her--not her a bit. If he piled the blanket and heavy coats
on her---


Suddenly the door openedand Annie entered. She looked
at him questioningly.


Just the same,he said calmly.


They whispered together a minutethen he went downstairs
to get breakfast. It was twenty to eight. Soon Annie came down.


Isn't it awful! Doesn't she look awful!she whispered
dazed with horror.


He nodded.


If she looks like that!said Annie.


Drink some tea,he said.



They went upstairs again. Soon the neighbours came with their
frightened question:


How is she?


It went on just the same. She lay with her cheek in her hand
her mouth fallen openand the greatghastly snores came and went.


At ten o'clock nurse came. She looked strange and woebegone.


Nurse,cried Paulshe'll last like this for days?


She can't, Mr. Morel,said nurse. "She can't."


There was a silence.


Isn't it dreadful!wailed the nurse. "Who would have thought
she could stand it? Go down nowMr. Morelgo down."


At lastat about eleven o'clockhe went downstairs
and sat in the neighbour's house. Annie was downstairs also.
Nurse and Arthur were upstairs. Paul sat with his head in his hand.
Suddenly Annie came flying across the yard cryinghalf mad:


Paul--Paul--she's gone!


In a second he was back in his own house and upstairs.
She lay curled up and stillwith her face on her handand nurse
was wiping her mouth. They all stood back. He kneeled down
and put his face to hers and his arms round her:


My love--my love--oh, my love!he whispered again and again.
My love--oh, my love!


Then he heard the nurse behind himcryingsaying:


She's better, Mr. Morel, she's better.


When he took his face up from his warmdead mother he went
straight downstairs and began blacking his boots.


There was a good deal to doletters to writeand so on.
The doctor came and glanced at herand sighed.


Ay--poor thing!he saidthen turned away. "Wellcall
at the surgery about six for the certificate."


The father came home from work at about four o'clock. He
dragged silently into the house and sat down. Minnie bustled to
give him his dinner. Tiredhe laid his black arms on the table.
There were swede turnips for his dinnerwhich he liked.
Paul wondered if he knew. It was some timeand nobody had spoken.
At last the son said:


You noticed the blinds were down?


Morel looked up.


No,he said. "Why--has she gone?"


Yes.


When wor that?



About twelve this morning.

H'm!

The miner sat still for a momentthen began his dinner.
It was as if nothing had happened. He ate his turnips in silence.
Afterwards he washed and went upstairs to dress. The door of her room
was shut.


Have you seen her?Annie asked of him when he came down.


No,he said.


In a little while he went out. Annie went awayand Paul
called on the undertakerthe clergymanthe doctorthe registrar.
It was a long business. He got back at nearly eight o'clock. The
undertaker was coming soon to measure for the coffin. The house
was empty except for her. He took a candle and went upstairs.


The room was coldthat had been warm for so long. Flowers
bottlesplatesall sick-room litter was taken away; everything was
harsh and austere. She lay raised on the bedthe sweep of the sheet
from the raised feet was like a clean curve of snowso silent.
She lay like a maiden asleep. With his candle in his handhe bent
over her. She lay like a girl asleep and dreaming of her love.
The mouth was a little open as if wondering from the suffering
but her face was youngher brow clear and white as if life had
never touched it. He looked again at the eyebrowsat the small
winsome nose a bit on one side. She was young again. Only the hair
as it arched so beautifully from her temples was mixed with silver
and the two simple plaits that lay on her shoulders were filigree
of silver and brown. She would wake up. She would lift her eyelids.
She was with him still. He bent and kissed her passionately.
But there was coldness against his mouth. He bit his
lips with horror. Looking at herhe felt he could nevernever let
her go. No! He stroked the hair from her temples. Thattoo
was cold. He saw the mouth so dumb and wondering at the hurt.
Then he crouched on the floorwhispering to her:


Mother, mother!


He was still with her when the undertakers cameyoung men
who had been to school with him. They touched her reverently
and in a quietbusinesslike fashion. They did not look at her.
He watched jealously. He and Annie guarded her fiercely.
They would not let anybody come to see herand the neighbours
were offended.


After a while Paul went out of the houseand played cards
at a friend's. It was midnight when he got back. His father rose
from the couch as he enteredsaying in a plaintive way:


I thought tha wor niver comin', lad.


I didn't think you'd sit up,said Paul.


His father looked so forlorn. Morel had been a man without
fear--simply nothing frightened him. Paul realised with a start that
he had been afraid to go to bedalone in the house with his dead.
He was sorry.


I forgot you'd be alone, father,he said.



Dost want owt to eat?asked Morel.

No.

Sithee--I made thee a drop o' hot milk. Get it down thee;
it's cold enough for owt.


Paul drank it.


After a while Morel went to bed. He hurried past the closed door
and left his own door open. Soon the son came upstairs also.
He went in to kiss her good-nightas usual. It was cold and dark.
He wished they had kept her fire burning. Still she dreamed her
young dream. But she would be cold.


My dear!he whispered. "My dear!"


And he did not kiss herfor fear she should be cold
and strange to him. It eased him she slept so beautifully.
He shut her door softlynot to wake herand went to bed.


In the morning Morel summoned his couragehearing Annie
downstairs and Paul coughing in the room across the landing.
He opened her doorand went into the darkened room. He saw the
white uplifted form in the twilightbut her he dared not see.
Bewilderedtoo frightened to possess any of his facultieshe got
out of the room again and left her. He never looked at her again.
He had not seen her for monthsbecause he had not dared to look.
And she looked like his young wife again.


Have you seen her?Annie asked of him sharply after breakfast.


Yes,he said.


And don't you think she looks nice?


Yes.


He went out of the house soon after. And all the time
He seemed to be creeping aside to avoid it.


Paul went about from place to placedoing the business of
the death. He met Clara in Nottinghamand they had tea together
in a cafewhen they were quite jolly again. She was infinitely
relieved to find he did not take it tragically.


Laterwhen the relatives began to come for the funeral
the affair became publicand the children became social beings.
They put themselves aside. They buried her in a furious storm
of rain and wind. The wet clay glistenedall the white flowers
were soaked. Annie gripped his arm and leaned forward.
Down below she saw a dark corner of William's coffin. The oak
box sank steadily. She was gone. The rain poured in the grave.
The procession of blackwith its umbrellas glisteningturned away.
The cemetery was deserted under the drenching cold rain.


Paul went home and busied himself supplying the guests with drinks.
His father sat in the kitchen with Mrs. Morel's relatives
superiorpeopleand weptand said what a good lass she'd been
and how he'd tried to do everything he could for her--everything.
He had striven all his life to do what he could for herand he'd
nothing to reproach himself with. She was gonebut he'd done
his best for her. He wiped his eyes with his white handkerchief.
He'd nothing to reproach himself forhe repeated. All his life he'd



done his best for her.


And that was how he tried to dismiss her. He never
thought of her personally. Everything deep in him he denied.
Paul hated his father for sitting sentimentalising over her.
He knew he would do it in the public-houses. For the real tragedy
went on in Morel in spite of himself. Sometimeslaterhe came
down from his afternoon sleepwhite and cowering.


I HAVE been dreaming of thy mother,he said in a small voice.


Have you, father? When I dream of her it's always just as she
was when she was well. I dream of her often, but it seems quite
nice and natural, as if nothing had altered.


But Morel crouched in front of the fire in terror.


The weeks passed half-realnot much painnot much of anything
perhaps a little reliefmostly a nuit blanche. Paul went restless
from place to place. For some monthssince his mother had been worse
he had not made love to Clara. She wasas it weredumb to him
rather distant. Dawes saw her very occasionallybut the two
could not get an inch across the great distance between them.
The three of them were drifting forward.


Dawes mended very slowly. He was in the convalescent home
at Skegness at Christmasnearly well again. Paul went to the
seaside for a few days. His father was with Annie in Sheffield.
Dawes came to Paul's lodgings. His time in the home was up.
The two menbetween whom was such a big reserveseemed faithful
to each other. Dawes depended on Morel now. He knew Paul and Clara
had practically separated.


Two days after Christmas Paul was to go back to Nottingham.
The evening before he sat with Dawes smoking before the fire.


You know Clara's coming down for the day to-morrow?
he said.


The other man glanced at him.


Yes, you told me,he replied.


Paul drank the remainder of his glass of whisky.


I told the landlady your wife was coming,he said.


Did you?said Dawesshrinkingbut almost leaving himself
in the other's hands. He got up rather stifflyand reached
for Morel's glass.


Let me fill you up,he said.


Paul jumped up.


You sit still,he said.


But Daweswith rather shaky handcontinued to mix the drink.


Say when,he said.


Thanks!replied the other. "But you've no business to get up."


It does me good, lad,replied Dawes. "I begin to think



I'm right againthen."
You are about right, you know.


I am, certainly I am,said Dawesnodding to him.
And Len says he can get you on in Sheffield.


Dawes glanced at him againwith dark eyes that agreed with
everything the other would sayperhaps a trifle dominated by him.

It's funny,said Paulstarting again. I feel in a lot
bigger mess than you.

In what way, lad?

I don't know. I don't know. It's as if I was in a tangled
sort of hole, rather dark and dreary, and no road anywhere.

I know--I understand it,Dawes saidnodding. "But you'll
find it'll come all right."

He spoke caressingly.

I suppose so,said Paul.
Dawes knocked his pipe in a hopeless fashion.


You've not done for yourself like I have,he said.


Morel saw the wrist and the white hand of the other man
gripping the stem of the pipe and knocking out the ashas if he
had given up.

How old are you?Paul asked.

Thirty-nine,replied Dawesglancing at him.

Those brown eyesfull of the consciousness of failure
almost pleading for reassurancefor someone to re-establish the man
in himselfto warm himto set him up firm againtroubled Paul.

You'll just be in your prime,said Morel. "You don't look
as if much life had gone out of you."

The brown eyes of the other flashed suddenly.
It hasn't,he said. "The go is there."

Paul looked up and laughed.

We've both got plenty of life in us yet to make things fly,
he said.


The eyes of the two men met. They exchanged one look.
Having recognised the stress of passion each in the otherthey both
drank their whisky.


Yes, begod!said Dawesbreathless.


There was a pause.


And I don't see,said Paulwhy you shouldn't go on where
you left off.



What---said Dawessuggestively.
Yes--fit your old home together again.
Dawes hid his face and shook his head.
Couldn't be done,he saidand looked up with an ironic smile.
Why? Because you don't want?
Perhaps.
They smoked in silence. Dawes showed his teeth as he bit


his pipe stem.
You mean you don't want her?asked Paul.
Dawes stared up at the picture with a caustic expression


on his face.
I hardly know,he said.
The smoke floated softly up.
I believe she wants you,said Paul.
Do you?replied the othersoftsatiricalabstract.
Yes. She never really hitched on to me--you were always there


in the background. That's why she wouldn't get a divorce.


Dawes continued to stare in a satirical fashion at the picture
over the mantelpiece.
That's how women are with me,said Paul. "They want me


like madbut they don't want to belong to me. And she BELONGED


to you all the time. I knew."
The triumphant male came up in Dawes. He showed his teeth
more distinctly.


Perhaps I was a fool,he said.


You were a big fool,said Morel.


But perhaps even THEN you were a bigger fool,said Dawes.


There was a touch of triumph and malice in it.


Do you think so?said Paul.


They were silent for some time.


At any rate, I'm clearing out to-morrow,said Morel.


I see,answered Dawes.


Then they did not talk any more. The instinct to murder

each other had returned. They almost avoided each other.
They shared the same bedroom. When they retired Dawes
seemed abstractthinking of something. He sat on the side
of the bed in his shirtlooking at his legs.


Aren't you getting cold?asked Morel.

I was lookin' at these legs,replied the other.

What's up with 'em? They look all right,replied Paul
from his bed.


They look all right. But there's some water in 'em yet.


And what about it?


Come and look.


Paul reluctantly got out of bed and went to look at the rather
handsome legs of the other man that were covered with glistening
dark gold hair.


Look here,said Dawespointing to his shin. "Look at
the water under here."


Where?said Paul.


The man pressed in his finger-tips. They left little dents
that filled up slowly.


It's nothing,said Paul.


You feel,said Dawes.


Paul tried with his fingers. It made little dents.


H'm!he said.


Rotten, isn't it?said Dawes.


Why? It's nothing much.


You're not much of a man with water in your legs.


I can't see as it makes any difference,said Morel.
I've got a weak chest.


He returned to his own bed.


I suppose the rest of me's all right,said Dawesand he
put out the light.


In the morning it was raining. Morel packed his bag.
The sea was grey and shaggy and dismal. He seemed to be cutting
himself off from life more and more. It gave him a wicked pleasure
to do it.


The two men were at the station. Clara stepped out of the train
and came along the platformvery erect and coldly composed.
She wore a long coat and a tweed hat. Both men hated her
for her composure. Paul shook hands with her at the barrier.
Dawes was leaning against the bookstallwatching. His black overcoat
was buttoned up to the chin because of the rain. He was pale
with almost a touch of nobility in his quietness. He came forward
limping slightly.


You ought to look better than this,she said.



Oh, I'm all right now.

The three stood at a loss. She kept the two men hesitating
near her.

Shall we go to the lodging straight off,said Paul
or somewhere else?

We may as well go home,said Dawes.

Paul walked on the outside of the pavementthen Dawesthen Clara.
They made polite conversation. The sitting-room faced the sea
whose tidegrey and shaggyhissed not far off.

Morel swung up the big arm-chair.

Sit down, Jack,he said.
I don't want that chair,said Dawes.


Sit down!Morel repeated.


Clara took off her things and laid them on the couch. She had
a slight air of resentment. Lifting her hair with her fingers
she sat downrather aloof and composed. Paul ran downstairs
to speak to the landlady.

I should think you're cold,said Dawes to his wife.
Come nearer to the fire.

Thank you, I'm quite warm,she answered.

She looked out of the window at the rain and at the sea.
When are you going back?she asked.

Well, the rooms are taken until to-morrow, so he wants me
to stop. He's going back to-night.

And then you're thinking of going to Sheffield?

Yes.
Are you fit to start work?


I'm going to start.
You've really got a place?


Yes--begin on Monday.
You don't look fit.


Why don't I?
She looked again out of the window instead of answering.


And have you got lodgings in Sheffield?
Yes.


Again she looked away out of the window. The panes were
blurred with streaming rain.


And can you manage all right?she asked.

I s'd think so. I s'll have to!

They were silent when Morel returned.

I shall go by the four-twenty,he said as he entered.

Nobody answered.

I wish you'd take your boots off,he said to Clara.

There's a pair of slippers of mine.

Thank you,she said. "They aren't wet."

He put the slippers near her feet. She left them there.

Morel sat down. Both the men seemed helplessand each of them
had a rather hunted look. But Dawes now carried himself quietly
seemed to yield himselfwhile Paul seemed to screw himself up.
Clara thought she had never seen him look so small and mean.
He was as if trying to get himself into the smallest possible compass.
And as he went about arrangingand as he sat talkingthere seemed
something false about him and out of tune. Watching him unknown
she said to herself there was no stability about him. He was fine
in his waypassionateand able to give her drinks of pure life
when he was in one mood. And now he looked paltry and insignificant.
There was nothing stable about him. Her husband had more manly dignity.
At any rate HE did not waft about with any wind. There was something
evanescent about Morelshe thoughtsomething shifting and false.
He would never make sure ground for any woman to stand on.
She despised him rather for his shrinking togethergetting smaller.
Her husband at least was manlyand when he was beaten gave in.
But this other would never own to being beaten. He would shift round
and roundprowlget smaller. She despised him. And yet she watched
him rather than Dawesand it seemed as if their three fates lay in
his hands. She hated him for it.


She seemed to understand better now about menand what they could
or would do. She was less afraid of themmore sure of herself.
That they were not the small egoists she had imagined them made
her more comfortable. She had learned a good deal--almost as much
as she wanted to learn. Her cup had been full. It was still as full
as she could carry. On the wholeshe would not be sorry when he
was gone.


They had dinnerand sat eating nuts and drinking by the fire.
Not a serious word had been spoken. Yet Clara realised that Morel
was withdrawing from the circleleaving her the option to stay
with her husband. It angered her. He was a mean fellowafter all
to take what he wanted and then give her back. She did
not remember that she herself had had what she wanted
and reallyat the bottom of her heartwished to be given back.


Paul felt crumpled up and lonely. His mother had really
supported his life. He had loved her; they two hadin fact
faced the world together. Now she was goneand for ever behind
him was the gap in lifethe tear in the veilthrough which his
life seemed to drift slowlyas if he were drawn towards death.
He wanted someone of their own free initiative to help him. The lesser
things he began to let go from himfor fear of this big thing
the lapse towards deathfollowing in the wake of his beloved.
Clara could not stand for him to hold on to. She wanted him



but not to understand him. He felt she wanted the man on top
not the real him that was in trouble. That would be too much trouble
to her; he dared not give it her. She could not cope with him.
It made him ashamed. Sosecretly ashamed because he was in such
a messbecause his own hold on life was so unsurebecause nobody
held himfeeling unsubstantialshadowyas if he did not count
for much in this concrete worldhe drew himself together smaller
and smaller. He did not want to die; he would not give in.
But he was not afraid of death. If nobody would helphe would go
on alone.


Dawes had been driven to the extremity of lifeuntil he
was afraid. He could go to the brink of deathhe could lie on
the edge and look in. Thencowedafraidhe had to crawl back
and like a beggar take what offered. There was a certain nobility
in it. As Clara sawhe owned himself beatenand he wanted
to be taken back whether or not. That she could do for him.
It was three o'clock.


I am going by the four-twenty,said Paul again to Clara.
Are you coming then or later?


I don't know,she said.


I'm meeting my father in Nottingham at seven-fifteen,
he said.


Then,she answeredI'll come later.


Dawes jerked suddenlyas if he had been held on a strain.
He looked out over the seabut he saw nothing.


There are one or two books in the corner,said Morel.
I've done with 'em.


At about four o'clock he went.


I shall see you both later,he saidas he shook hands.


I suppose so,said Dawes. "An' perhaps--one day--I s'll
be able to pay you back the money as---"


I shall come for it, you'll see,laughed Paul. "I s'll
be on the rocks before I'm very much older."


Ay--well---said Dawes.


Good-bye,he said to Clara.


Good-bye,she saidgiving him her hand. Then she glanced
at him for the last timedumb and humble.


He was gone. Dawes and his wife sat down again.


It's a nasty day for travelling,said the man.


Yes,she answered.


They talked in a desultory fashion until it grew dark.
The landlady brought in the tea. Dawes drew up his chair to the
table without being invitedlike a husband. Then he sat humbly
waiting for his cup. She served him as she wouldlike a wife
not consulting his wish.



After teaas it drew near to six o'clockhe went to the window.
All was dark outside. The sea was roaring.


It's raining yet,he said.


Is it?she answered.


You won't go to-night, shall you?he saidhesitating.


She did not answer. He waited.


I shouldn't go in this rain,he said.


Do you WANT me to stay?she asked.


His hand as he held the dark curtain trembled.


Yes,he said.


He remained with his back to her. She rose and went slowly
to him. He let go the curtainturnedhesitatingtowards her.
She stood with her hands behind her backlooking up at him in a heavy
inscrutable fashion.


Do you want me, Baxter?she asked.


His voice was hoarse as he answered:


Do you want to come back to me?


She made a moaning noiselifted her armsand put them round
his neckdrawing him to her. He hid his face on her shoulder
holding her clasped.


Take me back!she whisperedecstatic. "Take me back
take me back!" And she put her fingers through his finethin dark hair
as if she were only semi-conscious. He tightened his grasp on her.


Do you want me again?he murmuredbroken.


CHAPTER XV


DERELICT


CLARA went with her husband to Sheffieldand Paul scarcely saw
her again. Walter Morel seemed to have let all the trouble go over him
and there he wascrawling about on the mud of itjust the same.
There was scarcely any bond between father and sonsave that each
felt he must not let the other go in any actual want. As there
was no one to keep on the homeand as they could neither of them
bear the emptiness of the housePaul took lodgings in Nottingham
and Morel went to live with a friendly family in Bestwood.


Everything seemed to have gone smash for the young man.
He could not paint. The picture he finished on the day of his
mother's death--one that satisfied him--was the last thing he did.
At work there was no Clara. When he came home he could not take up
his brushes again. There was nothing left.


So he was always in the town at one place or another
drinkingknocking about with the men he knew. It really wearied him.
He talked to barmaidsto almost any womanbut there was that dark



strained look in his eyesas if he were hunting something.


Everything seemed so differentso unreal. There seemed
no reason why people should go along the streetand houses
pile up in the daylight. There seemed no reason why these
things should occupy the spaceinstead of leaving it empty.
His friends talked to him: he heard the soundsand he answered.
But why there should be the noise of speech he could not understand.


He was most himself when he was aloneor working hard and
mechanically at the factory. In the latter case there was pure
forgetfulnesswhen he lapsed from consciousness. But it had to come
to an end. It hurt him sothat things had lost their reality.
The first snowdrops came. He saw the tiny drop-pearls among the
grey. They would have given him the liveliest emotion at one time.
Now they were therebut they did not seem to mean anything. In
a few moments they would cease to occupy that placeand just the
space would bewhere they had been. Tallbrilliant tram-cars
ran along the street at night. It seemed almost a wonder they
should trouble to rustle backwards and forwards. "Why trouble
to go tilting down to Trent Bridges?" he asked of the big trams.
It seemed they just as well might NOT be as be.


The realest thing was the thick darkness at night. That seemed
to him whole and comprehensible and restful. He could leave himself
to it. Suddenly a piece of paper started near his feet and blew
along down the pavement. He stood stillrigidwith clenched fists
a flame of agony going over him. And he saw again the sick-room
his motherher eyes. Unconsciously he had been with her
in her company. The swift hop of the paper reminded him she was gone.
But he had been with her. He wanted everything to stand still
so that he could be with her again.


The days passedthe weeks. But everything seemed to have fused
gone into a conglomerated mass. He could not tell one day
from anotherone week from anotherhardly one place from another.
Nothing was distinct or distinguishable. Often he lost himself
for an hour at a timecould not remember what he had done.


One evening he came home late to his lodging. The fire was
burning low; everybody was in bed. He threw on some more coal
glanced at the tableand decided he wanted no supper. Then he
sat down in the arm-chair. It was perfectly still. He did not
know anythingyet he saw the dim smoke wavering up the chimney.
Presently two mice came outcautiouslynibbling the fallen crumbs.
He watched them as it were from a long way off. The church clock
struck two. Far away he could hear the sharp clinking of the trucks
on the railway. Noit was not they that were far away. They were
there in their places. But where was he himself?


The time passed. The two micecareering wildlyscampered cheekily
over his slippers. He had not moved a muscle. He did not want
to move. He was not thinking of anything. It was easier so.
There was no wrench of knowing anything. Thenfrom time to time
some other consciousnessworking mechanicallyflashed into
sharp phrases.


What am I doing?


And out of the semi-intoxicated trance came the answer:


Destroying myself.


Then a dulllive feelinggone in an instanttold him that it



was wrong. After a whilesuddenly came the question:

Why wrong?

Again there was no answerbut a stroke of hot stubbornness
inside his chest resisted his own annihilation.


There was a sound of a heavy cart clanking down the road.
Suddenly the electric light went out; there was a bruising thud
in the penny-in-the-slot meter. He did not stirbut sat gazing
in front of him. Only the mice had scuttledand the fire glowed red
in the dark room.


Thenquite mechanically and more distinctlythe conversation
began again inside him.


She's dead. What was it all for--her struggle?


That was his despair wanting to go after her.


You're alive.


She's not.


She is--in you.


Suddenly he felt tired with the burden of it.


You've got to keep alive for her sake,said his will in him.


Something felt sulkyas if it would not rouse.


You've got to carry forward her living, and what she had done,
go on with it.


But he did not want to. He wanted to give up.


But you can go on with your painting,said the will in him.
Or else you can beget children. They both carry on her effort.


Painting is not living.


Then live.


Marry whom?came the sulky question.


As best you can.


Miriam?


But he did not trust that.


He rose suddenlywent straight to bed. When he got inside
his bedroom and closed the doorhe stood with clenched fist.


Mater, my dear---he beganwith the whole force of his soul.
Then he stopped. He would not say it. He would not admit that he
wanted to dieto have done. He would not own that life
had beaten himor that death had beaten him. Going straight to bed
he slept at onceabandoning himself to the sleep.


So the weeks went on. Always alonehis soul oscillated
first on the side of deaththen on the side of lifedoggedly.
The real agony was that he had nowhere to gonothing to do



nothing to sayand WAS nothing himself. Sometimes he ran down
the streets as if he were mad: sometimes he was mad; things weren't
therethings were there. It made him pant. Sometimes he stood
before the bar of the public-house where he called for a drink.
Everything suddenly stood back away from him. He saw the face
of the barmaidthe gobbling drinkershis own glass on the slopped
mahogany boardin the distance. There was something between him
and them. He could not get into touch. He did not want them;
he did not want his drink. Turning abruptlyhe went out.
On the threshold he stood and looked at the lighted street.
But he was not of it or in it. Something separated him.
Everything went on there below those lampsshut away from him.
He could not get at them. He felt he couldn't touch the lamp-posts
not if he reached. Where could he go? There was nowhere to go
neither back into the innor forward anywhere. He felt stifled.
There was nowhere for him. The stress grew inside him; he felt he
should smash.


I mustn't,he said; andturning blindlyhe went in and drank.
Sometimes the drink did him good; sometimes it made him worse.
He ran down the road. For ever restlesshe went herethere
everywhere. He determined to work. But when he had made six strokes
he loathed the pencil violentlygot upand went awayhurried off
to a club where he could play cards or billiardsto a place where he
could flirt with a barmaid who was no more to him than the brass
pump-handle she drew.


He was very thin and lantern-jawed. He dared not meet his
own eyes in the mirror; he never looked at himself. He wanted
to get away from himselfbut there was nothing to get hold of.
In despair he thought of Miriam. Perhaps--perhaps---?


Thenhappening to go into the Unitarian Church one Sunday evening
when they stood up to sing the second hymn he saw her before him.
The light glistened on her lower lip as she sang. She looked
as if she had got somethingat any rate: some hope in heaven
if not in earth. Her comfort and her life seemed in the after-world.
A warmstrong feeling for her came up. She seemed
to yearnas she sangfor the mystery and comfort.
He put his hope in her. He longed for the sermon to be over
to speak to her.


The throng carried her out just before him. He could nearly
touch her. She did not know he was there. He saw the brown
humble nape of her neck under its black curls. He would leave
himself to her. She was better and bigger than he. He would depend
on her.


She went wanderingin her blind waythrough the little throngs
of people outside the church. She always looked so lost and out of
place among people. He went forward and put his hand on her arm.
She started violently. Her great brown eyes dilated in fear
then went questioning at the sight of him. He shrank slightly
from her.


I didn't know---she faltered.


Nor I,he said.


He looked away. His suddenflaring hope sank again.


What are you doing in town?he asked.


I'm staying at Cousin Anne's.



Ha! For long?

No; only till to-morrow.

Must you go straight home?

She looked at himthen hid her face under her hat-brim.

No,she said--"no; it's not necessary."

He turned awayand she went with him. They threaded
through the throng of church people. The organ was still sounding
in St. Mary's. Dark figures came through the lighted doors;
people were coming down the steps. The large coloured windows glowed
up in the night. The church was like a great lantern suspended.
They went down Hollow Stoneand he took the car for the Bridges.


You will just have supper with me,he said: "then I'll
bring you back."


Very well,she repliedlow and husky.


They scarcely spoke while they were on the car. The Trent
ran dark and full under the bridge. Away towards Colwick all was
black night. He lived down Holme Roadon the naked edge of the town
facing across the river meadows towards Sneinton Hermitage and the
steep scrap of Colwick Wood. The floods were out. The silent
water and the darkness spread away on their left. Almost afraid
they hurried along by the houses.


Supper was laid. He swung the curtain over the window.
There was a bowl of freesias and scarlet anemones on the table.
She bent to them. Still touching them with her finger-tipsshe looked
up at himsaying:


Aren't they beautiful?


Yes,he said. "What will you drink--coffee?"


I should like it,she said.


Then excuse me a moment.


He went out to the kitchen.


Miriam took off her things and looked round. It was a bare
severe room. Her photoClara'sAnnie'swere on the wall.
She looked on the drawing-board to see what he was doing.
There were only a few meaningless lines. She looked to see
what books he was reading. Evidently just an ordinary novel.
The letters in the rack she saw were from AnnieArthurand from
some man or other she did not know. Everything he had touched
everything that was in the least personal to himshe examined
with lingering absorption. He had been gone from her for so long
she wanted to rediscover himhis positionwhat he was now.
But there was not much in the room to help her. It only made her feel
rather sadit was so hard and comfortless.


She was curiously examining a sketch-book when he returned
with the coffee.


There's nothing new in it,he saidand nothing
very interesting.



He put down the trayand went to look over her shoulder.
She turned the pages slowlyintent on examining everything.

H'm!he saidas she paused at a sketch. "I'd forgotten that.
It's not badis it?"

No,she said. "I don't quite understand it."

He took the book from her and went through it. Again he made
a curious sound of surprise and pleasure.

There's some not bad stuff in there,he said.
Not at all bad,she answered gravely.

He felt again her interest in his work. Or was it for himself?
Why was she always most interested in him as he appeared in his work?


They sat down to supper.


By the way,he saiddidn't I hear something about your
earning your own living?


Yes,she repliedbowing her dark head over her cup.
And what of it?


I'm merely going to the farming college at Broughton for
three months, and I shall probably be kept on as a teacher there.


I say--that sounds all right for you! You always wanted
to be independent.


Yes.
Why didn't you tell me?"


I only knew last week.
But I heard a month ago,he said.


Yes; but nothing was settled then.


I should have thought,he saidyou'd have told me you
were trying.


She ate her food in the deliberateconstrained way
almost as if she recoiled a little from doing anything so publicly
that he knew so well.


I suppose you're glad,he said.


Very glad.
Yes--it will be something.


He was rather disappointed.


I think it will be a great deal,she saidalmost haughtily
resentfully.

He laughed shortly.
Why do you think it won't?she asked.



Oh, I don't think it won't be a great deal. Only you'll find
earning your own living isn't everything.

No,she saidswallowing with difficulty; "I don't suppose
it is."

I suppose work CAN be nearly everything to a man,he said
though it isn't to me. But a woman only works with a part of
herself. The real and vital part is covered up.

But a man can give ALL himself to work?she asked.

Yes, practically.

And a woman only the unimportant part of herself?

That's it.

She looked up at himand her eyes dilated with anger.

Then,she saidif it's true, it's a great shame.

It is. But I don't know everything,he answered.

After supper they drew up to the fire. He swung her a
chair facing himand they sat down. She was wearing a dress
of dark claret colourthat suited her dark complexion and her
large features. Stillthe curls were fine and freebut her face
was much olderthe brown throat much thinner. She seemed old
to himolder than Clara. Her bloom of youth had quickly gone.
A sort of stiffnessalmost of woodennesshad come upon her.
She meditated a little whilethen looked at him.

And how are things with you?she asked.

About all right,he answered.

She looked at himwaiting.

Nay,she saidvery low.

Her brownnervous hands were clasped over her knee. They had
still the lack of confidence or reposethe almost hysterical look.
He winced as he saw them. Then he laughed mirthlessly. She put
her fingers between her lips. His slimblacktortured body lay
quite still in the chair. She suddenly took her finger from her
mouth and looked at him.

And you have broken off with Clara?

Yes.

His body lay like an abandoned thingstrewn in the chair.

You know,she saidI think we ought to be married.

He opened his eyes for the first time since many months
and attended to her with respect.

Why?he said.

See,she saidhow you waste yourself! You might be ill,
you might die, and I never know--be no more then than if I had never


known you.

And if we married?he asked.

At any rate, I could prevent you wasting yourself and being
a prey to other women--like--like Clara.


A prey?he repeatedsmiling.


She bowed her head in silence. He lay feeling his despair
come up again.


I'm not sure,he said slowlythat marriage would be much good.


I only think of you,she replied.


I know you do. But--you love me so much, you want to put me
in your pocket. And I should die there smothered.


She bent her headput her fingers between her lips
while the bitterness surged up in her heart.


And what will you do otherwise?she asked.


I don't know--go on, I suppose. Perhaps I shall soon go abroad.


The despairing doggedness in his tone made her go on her
knees on the rug before the firevery near to him. There she
crouched as if she were crushed by somethingand could not raise
her head. His hands lay quite inert on the arms of his chair.
She was aware of them. She felt that now he lay at her mercy.
If she could risetake himput her arms round himand say
You are mine,then he would leave himself to her. But dare she?
She could easily sacrifice herself. But dare she assert herself?
She was aware of his dark-clothedslender bodythat seemed
one stroke of lifesprawled in the chair close to her. But no;
she dared not put her arms round ittake it upand sayIt is mine,
this body. Leave it to me.And she wanted to. It called to all her
woman's instinct. But she crouchedand dared not. She was afraid
he would not let her. She was afraid it was too much. It lay there
his bodyabandoned. She knew she ought to take it up and claim it
and claim every right to it. But--could she do it? Her impotence
before himbefore the strong demand of some unknown thing in him
was her extremity. Her hands fluttered; she half-lifted her head.
Her eyesshudderingappealinggonealmost distractedpleaded to
him suddenly. His heart caught with pity. He took her handsdrew her
to himand comforted her.


Will you have me, to marry me?he said very low.


Ohwhy did not he take her? Her very soul belonged to him.
Why would he not take what was his? She had borne so long
the cruelty of belonging to him and not being claimed by him.
Now he was straining her again. It was too much for her.
She drew back her headheld his face between her handsand looked
him in the eyes. Nohe was hard. He wanted something else.
She pleaded to him with all her love not to make it her choice.
She could not cope with itwith himshe knew not with what. But it
strained her till she felt she would break.


Do you want it?she askedvery gravely.


Not much,he repliedwith pain.



She turned her face aside; thenraising herself with dignity
she took his head to her bosomand rocked him softly. She was
not to have himthen! So she could comfort him. She put her
fingers through his hair. For herthe anguished sweetness of
self-sacrifice. For himthe hate and misery of another failure.
He could not bear it--that breast which was warm and which cradled
him without taking the burden of him. So much he wanted to rest
on her that the feint of rest only tortured him. He drew away.


And without marriage we can do nothing?he asked.


His mouth was lifted from his teeth with pain. She put her
little finger between her lips.


No,she saidlow and like the toll of a bell. "NoI think not."


It was the end then between them. She could not take him
and relieve him of the responsibility of himself. She could only
sacrifice herself to him--sacrifice herself every daygladly.
And that he did not want. He wanted her to hold him and say
with joy and authority: "Stop all this restlessness and beating
against death. You are mine for a mate." She had not the strength.
Or was it a mate she wanted? or did she want a Christ in him?


He feltin leaving herhe was defrauding her of life.
But he knew thatin stayingstilling the innerdesperate man
he was denying his own life. And he did not hope to give life to her
by denying his own.


She sat very quiet. He lit a cigarette. The smoke
went up from itwavering. He was thinking of his mother
and had forgotten Miriam. She suddenly looked at him.
Her bitterness came surging up. Her sacrificethenwas useless.
He lay there aloofcareless about her. Suddenly she saw
again his lack of religionhis restless instability. He would
destroy himself like a perverse child. Wellthenhe would!


I think I must go,she said softly.


By her tone he knew she was despising him. He rose quietly.


I'll come along with you,he answered.


She stood before the mirror pinning on her hat. How bitter
how unutterably bitterit made her that he rejected her sacrifice!
Life ahead looked deadas if the glow were gone out. She bowed
her face over the flowers--the freesias so sweet and spring-like
the scarlet anemones flaunting over the table. It was like him
to have those flowers.


He moved about the room with a certain sureness of touch
swift and relentless and quiet. She knew she could not cope with him.
He would escape like a weasel out of her hands. Yet without him her
life would trail on lifeless. Broodingshe touched the flowers.


Have them!he said; and he took them out of the jar
dripping as they wereand went quickly into the kitchen.
She waited for himtook the flowersand they went out together
he talkingshe feeling dead.


She was going from him now. In her misery she leaned against him
as they sat on the car. He was unresponsive. Where would he go?
What would be the end of him? She could not bear itthe vacant
feeling where he should be. He was so foolishso wasteful



never at peace with himself. And now where would he go?
And what did he care that he wasted her? He had no religion;
it was all for the moment's attraction that he carednothing else
nothing deeper. Wellshe would wait and see how it turned
out with him. When he had had enough he would give in and come
to her.


He shook hands and left her at the door of her cousin's house.
When he turned away he felt the last hold for him had gone. The town
as he sat upon the carstretched away over the bay of railwaya
level fume of lights. Beyond the town the countrylittle smouldering
spots for more towns--the sea--the night--on and on! And he had no
place in it! Whatever spot he stood onthere he stood alone.
From his breastfrom his mouthsprang the endless spaceand it
was there behind himeverywhere. The people hurrying along the
streets offered no obstruction to the void in which he found himself.
They were small shadows whose footsteps and voices could be heard
but in each of them the same nightthe same silence. He got off
the car. In the country all was dead still. Little stars shone high up;
little stars spread far away in the flood-watersa firmament below.
Everywhere the vastness and terror of the immense night which is
roused and stirred for a brief while by the daybut which returns
and will remain at last eternalholding everything in its silence
and its living gloom. There was no Timeonly Space. Who could say
his mother had lived and did not live? She had been in one place
and was in another; that was all. And his soul could not leave her
wherever she was. Now she was gone abroad into the nightand he
was with her still. They were together. But yet there was his body
his chestthat leaned against the stilehis hands on the wooden bar.
They seemed something. Where was he?--one tiny upright speck of flesh
less than an ear of wheat lost in the field. He could not bear it.
On every side the immense dark silence seemed pressing himso tiny
a sparkinto extinctionand yetalmost nothinghe could not
be extinct. Nightin which everything was lostwent reaching out
beyond stars and sun. Stars and suna few bright grainswent spinning
round for terrorand holding each other in embracethere in a
darkness that outpassed them alland left them tiny and daunted.
So muchand himselfinfinitesimalat the core a nothingness
and yet not nothing.


Mother!he whispered--"mother!"


She was the only thing that held him uphimselfamid all this.
And she was goneintermingled herself. He wanted her to touch him
have him alongside with her.


But nohe would not give in. Turning sharplyhe walked
towards the city's gold phosphorescence. His fists were shut
his mouth set fast. He would not take that directionto the
darknessto follow her. He walked towards the faintly humming
glowing townquickly.


THE END