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THE WISDOM
OF FATHER BROWN
By G. K. Chesterton


To

LUCIAN OLDERSHAW

CONTENTS

1. The Absence of Mr Glass
2. The Paradise of Thieves
3. The Duel of Dr Hirsch
4. The Man in the Passage
5. The Mistake of the Machine
6. The Head of Caesar
7. The Purple Wig
8. The Perishing of the Pendragons
9. The God of the Gongs
10. The Salad of Colonel Cray
11. The Strange Crime of John Boulnois
12. The Fairy Tale of Father Brown
ONE

The Absence of Mr Glass

THE consulting-rooms of Dr Orion Hoodthe eminent criminologist
and specialist in certain moral disorderslay along the sea-front
at Scarboroughin a series of very large and well-lighted french windows
which showed the North Sea like one endless outer wall of blue-green marble.
In such a place the sea had something of the monotony of a blue-green dado:
for the chambers themselves were ruled throughout by a terrible tidiness
not unlike the terrible tidiness of the sea. It must not be supposed
that Dr Hood's apartments excluded luxuryor even poetry.
These things were therein their place; but one felt that
they were never allowed out of their place. Luxury was there:
there stood upon a special table eight or ten boxes of the best cigars;
but they were built upon a plan so that the strongest were always
nearest the wall and the mildest nearest the window. A tantalum
containing three kinds of spiritall of a liqueur excellence
stood always on this table of luxury; but the fanciful have asserted
that the whiskybrandyand rum seemed always to stand at the same level.
Poetry was there: the left-hand corner of the room was lined with
as complete a set of English classics as the right hand could show
of English and foreign physiologists. But if one took a volume
of Chaucer or Shelley from that rankits absence irritated the mind
like a gap in a man's front teeth. One could not say the books
were never read; probably they werebut there was a sense of their
being chained to their placeslike the Bibles in the old churches.


Dr Hood treated his private book-shelf as if it were a public library.
And if this strict scientific intangibility steeped even the shelves
laden with lyrics and ballads and the tables laden with drink and tobacco
it goes without saying that yet more of such heathen holiness
protected the other shelves that held the specialist's library
and the other tables that sustained the frail and even fairylike
instruments of chemistry or mechanics.


Dr Hood paced the length of his string of apartmentsbounded-as
the boys' geographies say--on the east by the North Sea and on the west
by the serried ranks of his sociological and criminologist library.
He was clad in an artist's velvetbut with none of an artist's negligence;
his hair was heavily shot with greybut growing thick and healthy;
his face was leanbut sanguine and expectant. Everything about him
and his room indicated something at once rigid and restless
like that great northern sea by which (on pure principles of hygiene)
he had built his home.

Fatebeing in a funny moodpushed the door open and
introduced into those longstrictsea-flanked apartments
one who was perhaps the most startling opposite of them and their master.
In answer to a curt but civil summonsthe door opened inwards
and there shambled into the room a shapeless little figure
which seemed to find its own hat and umbrella as unmanageable as
a mass of luggage. The umbrella was a black and prosaic bundle
long past repair; the hat was a broad-curved black hatclerical
but not common in England; the man was the very embodiment of all
that is homely and helpless.

The doctor regarded the new-comer with a restrained astonishment
not unlike that he would have shown if some huge but obviously
harmless sea-beast had crawled into his room. The new-comer
regarded the doctor with that beaming but breathless geniality
which characterizes a corpulent charwoman who has just managed
to stuff herself into an omnibus. It is a rich confusion of
social self-congratulation and bodily disarray. His hat tumbled
to the carpethis heavy umbrella slipped between his knees with a thud;
he reached after the one and ducked after the otherbut with
an unimpaired smile on his round face spoke simultaneously as follows:

My name is Brown. Pray excuse me. I've come about
that business of the MacNabs. I have heard, you often help people
out of such troubles. Pray excuse me if I am wrong.

By this time he had sprawlingly recovered the hatand made
an odd little bobbing bow over itas if setting everything quite right.

I hardly understand you,replied the scientistwith
a cold intensity of manner. "I fear you have mistaken the chambers.
I am Dr Hoodand my work is almost entirely literary and educational.
It is true that I have sometimes been consulted by the police
in cases of peculiar difficulty and importancebut--"

Oh, this is of the greatest importance,broke in the little man
called Brown. "Whyher mother won't let them get engaged."
And he leaned back in his chair in radiant rationality.

The brows of Dr Hood were drawn down darklybut the eyes
under them were bright with something that might be anger or
might be amusement. "And still he said, I do not quite understand."

You see, they want to get married,said the man with the
clerical hat. "Maggie MacNab and young Todhunter want to get married.
Nowwhat can be more important than that?"


The great Orion Hood's scientific triumphs had deprived him
of many things--some said of his healthothers of his God;
but they had not wholly despoiled him of his sense of the absurd.
At the last plea of the ingenuous priest a chuckle broke out of him
from insideand he threw himself into an arm-chair in an ironical attitude
of the consulting physician.

Mr Brown,he said gravelyit is quite fourteen and a half years
since I was personally asked to test a personal problem: then it was
the case of an attempt to poison the French President at
a Lord Mayor's Banquet. It is now, I understand, a question of whether
some friend of yours called Maggie is a suitable fiancee for some friend
of hers called Todhunter. Well, Mr Brown, I am a sportsman.
I will take it on. I will give the MacNab family my best advice,
as good as I gave the French Republic and the King of England--no, better:
fourteen years better. I have nothing else to do this afternoon.
Tell me your story.

The little clergyman called Brown thanked him with
unquestionable warmthbut still with a queer kind of simplicity.
It was rather as if he were thanking a stranger in a smoking-room
for some trouble in passing the matchesthan as if he were (as he was)
practically thanking the Curator of Kew Gardens for coming with him
into a field to find a four-leaved clover. With scarcely a semi-colon
after his hearty thanksthe little man began his recital:

I told you my name was Brown; well, that's the fact,
and I'm the priest of the little Catholic Church I dare say you've seen
beyond those straggly streets, where the town ends towards the north.
In the last and straggliest of those streets which runs along the sea
like a sea-wall there is a very honest but rather sharp-tempered
member of my flock, a widow called MacNab. She has one daughter,
and she lets lodgings, and between her and the daughter,
and between her and the lodgers--well, I dare say there is a great deal
to be said on both sides. At present she has only one lodger,
the young man called Todhunter; but he has given more trouble
than all the rest, for he wants to marry the young woman of the house.

And the young woman of the house,asked Dr Hoodwith huge and
silent amusementwhat does she want?

Why, she wants to marry him,cried Father Brownsitting up eagerly.
That is just the awful complication.

It is indeed a hideous enigma,said Dr Hood.

This young James Todhunter,continued the cleric
is a very decent man so far as I know; but then nobody knows very much.
He is a bright, brownish little fellow, agile like a monkey,
clean-shaven like an actor, and obliging like a born courtier.
He seems to have quite a pocketful of money, but nobody knows what
his trade is. Mrs MacNab, therefore (being of a pessimistic turn),
is quite sure it is something dreadful, and probably connected with dynamite.
The dynamite must be of a shy and noiseless sort, for the poor fellow
only shuts himself up for several hours of the day and studies something
behind a locked door. He declares his privacy is temporary and justified,
and promises to explain before the wedding. That is all that anyone knows
for certain, but Mrs MacNab will tell you a great deal more than
even she is certain of. You know how the tales grow like grass on
such a patch of ignorance as that. There are tales of two voices
heard talking in the room; though, when the door is opened,
Todhunter is always found alone. There are tales of a mysterious
tall man in a silk hat, who once came out of the sea-mists and


apparently out of the sea, stepping softly across the sandy fields and
through the small back garden at twilight, till he was heard
talking to the lodger at his open window. The colloquy seemed to end
in a quarrel. Todhunter dashed down his window with violence,
and the man in the high hat melted into the sea-fog again.
This story is told by the family with the fiercest mystification;
but I really think Mrs MacNab prefers her own original tale:
that the Other Man (or whatever it is) crawls out every night from the
big box in the corner, which is kept locked all day. You see,
therefore, how this sealed door of Todhunter's is treated as the gate
of all the fancies and monstrosities of the `Thousand and One Nights'.
And yet there is the little fellow in his respectable black jacket,
as punctual and innocent as a parlour clock. He pays his rent to the tick;
he is practically a teetotaller; he is tirelessly kind with
the younger children, and can keep them amused for a day on end; and,
last and most urgent of all, he has made himself equally popular with
the eldest daughter, who is ready to go to church with him tomorrow.


A man warmly concerned with any large theories has always
a relish for applying them to any triviality. The great specialist
having condescended to the priest's simplicitycondescended expansively.
He settled himself with comfort in his arm-chair and began to talk in
the tone of a somewhat absent-minded lecturer:

Even in a minute instance, it is best to look first to
the main tendencies of Nature. A particular flower may not be dead
in early winter, but the flowers are dying; a particular pebble
may never be wetted with the tide, but the tide is coming in.
To the scientific eye all human history is a series of collective movements,
destructions or migrations, like the massacre of flies in winter
or the return of birds in spring. Now the root fact in all history is Race.
Race produces religion; Race produces legal and ethical wars.
There is no stronger case than that of the wild, unworldly and
perishing stock which we commonly call the Celts, of whom your friends
the MacNabs are specimens. Small, swarthy, and of this dreamy and
drifting blood, they accept easily the superstitious explanation of
any incidents, just as they still accept (you will excuse me for saying)
that superstitious explanation of all incidents which you
and your Church represent. It is not remarkable that such people,
with the sea moaning behind them and the Church (excuse me again)
droning in front of them, should put fantastic features into what are
probably plain events. You, with your small parochial responsibilities,
see only this particular Mrs MacNab, terrified with this particular tale
of two voices and a tall man out of the sea. But the man with
the scientific imagination sees, as it were, the whole clans of MacNab
scattered over the whole world, in its ultimate average as uniform
as a tribe of birds. He sees thousands of Mrs MacNabs,
in thousands of houses, dropping their little drop of morbidity
in the tea-cups of their friends; he sees--

Before the scientist could conclude his sentenceanother and
more impatient summons sounded from without; someone with swishing skirts
was marshalled hurriedly down the corridorand the door opened on
a young girldecently dressed but disordered and red-hot with haste.
She had sea-blown blonde hairand would have been entirely beautiful
if her cheek-bones had not beenin the Scotch mannera little
high in relief as well as in colour. Her apology was almost as abrupt
as a command.

I'm sorry to interrupt you, sir,she saidbut I had to follow
Father Brown at once; it's nothing less than life or death.

Father Brown began to get to his feet in some disorder.
Why, what has happened, Maggie?he said.


James has been murdered, for all I can make out,
answered the girlstill breathing hard from her rush. "That man Glass
has been with him again; I heard them talking through the door quite plain.
Two separate voices: for James speaks lowwith a burr
and the other voice was high and quavery."

That man Glass?repeated the priest in some perplexity.

I know his name is Glass,answered the girlin great impatience.
I heard it through the door. They were quarrelling--about money,
I think--for I heard James say again and again, `That's right, Mr Glass,'
or `No, Mr Glass,' and then, `Two or three, Mr Glass.' But we're talking
too much; you must come at once, and there may be time yet.

But time for what?asked Dr Hoodwho had been studying
the young lady with marked interest. "What is there about Mr Glass
and his money troubles that should impel such urgency?"

I tried to break down the door and couldn't,answered the girl shortly
Then I ran to the back-yard, and managed to climb on to the window-sill
that looks into the room. It was an dim, and seemed to be empty,
but I swear I saw James lying huddled up in a corner, as if he were
drugged or strangled.

This is very serious,said Father Browngathering his errant hat
and umbrella and standing up; "in point of fact I was just putting
your case before this gentlemanand his view--"

Has been largely altered,said the scientist gravely.
I do not think this young lady is so Celtic as I had supposed.
As I have nothing else to do, I will put on my hat and stroll
down town with you.

In a few minutes all three were approaching the dreary tail of
the MacNabs' street: the girl with the stern and breathless stride
of the mountaineerthe criminologist with a lounging grace (which was
not without a certain leopard-like swiftness)and the priest at an
energetic trot entirely devoid of distinction. The aspect of this
edge of the town was not entirely without justification for
the doctor's hints about desolate moods and environments.
The scattered houses stood farther and farther apart in a broken string
along the seashore; the afternoon was closing with a premature and
partly lurid twilight; the sea was of an inky purple and murmuring ominously.
In the scrappy back garden of the MacNabs which ran down towards the sand
two blackbarren-looking trees stood up like demon hands held up
in astonishmentand as Mrs MacNab ran down the street to meet them
with lean hands similarly spreadand her fierce face in shadow
she was a little like a demon herself. The doctor and the priest
made scant reply to her shrill reiterations of her daughter's story
with more disturbing details of her ownto the divided vows of vengeance
against Mr Glass for murderingand against Mr Todhunter for being murdered
or against the latter for having dared to want to marry her daughter
and for not having lived to do it. They passed through the narrow passage
in the front of the house until they came to the lodger's door at the back
and there Dr Hoodwith the trick of an old detectiveput his shoulder
sharply to the panel and burst in the door.

It opened on a scene of silent catastrophe. No one seeing it
even for a flashcould doubt that the room had been the theatre
of some thrilling collision between twoor perhaps morepersons.
Playing-cards lay littered across the table or fluttered about
the floor as if a game had been interrupted. Two wine glasses stood
ready for wine on a side-tablebut a third lay smashed


in a star of crystal upon the carpet. A few feet from it lay
what looked like a long knife or short swordstraight
but with an ornamental and pictured handleits dull blade just caught
a grey glint from the dreary window behindwhich showed the black trees
against the leaden level of the sea. Towards the opposite corner
of the room was rolled a gentleman's silk top hatas if it had
just been knocked off his head; so much soindeedthat one almost looked
to see it still rolling. And in the corner behind itthrown like a sack
of potatoesbut corded like a railway trunklay Mr James Todhunter
with a scarf across his mouthand six or seven ropes knotted round
his elbows and ankles. His brown eyes were alive and shifted alertly.

Dr Orion Hood paused for one instant on the doormat and drank in
the whole scene of voiceless violence. Then he stepped swiftly
across the carpetpicked up the tall silk hatand gravely put it
upon the head of the yet pinioned Todhunter. It was so much too large
for him that it almost slipped down on to his shoulders.

Mr Glass's hat,said the doctorreturning with it and peering
into the inside with a pocket lens. "How to explain the absence
of Mr Glass and the presence of Mr Glass's hat? For Mr Glass is not a
careless man with his clothes. That hat is of a stylish shape and
systematically brushed and burnishedthough not very new.
An old dandyI should think."

But, good heavens!called out Miss MacNabaren't you going to
untie the man first?

I say `old' with intention, though not with certainty
continued the expositor; "my reason for it might seem a little far-fetched.
The hair of human beings falls out in very varying degrees
but almost always falls out slightlyand with the lens I should see
the tiny hairs in a hat recently worn. It has nonewhich leads me
to guess that Mr Glass is bald. Now when this is taken with
the high-pitched and querulous voice which Miss MacNab described
so vividly (patiencemy dear ladypatience)when we take
the hairless head together with the tone common in senile anger
I should think we may deduce some advance in years. Nevertheless
he was probably vigorousand he was almost certainly tall.
I might rely in some degree on the story of his previous appearance
at the windowas a tall man in a silk hatbut I think I have
more exact indication. This wineglass has been smashed all over the place
but one of its splinters lies on the high bracket beside the mantelpiece.
No such fragment could have fallen there if the vessel had been smashed
in the hand of a comparatively short man like Mr Todhunter."

By the way,said Father Brownmight it not be as well
to untie Mr Todhunter?

Our lesson from the drinking-vessels does not end here,
proceeded the specialist. "I may say at once that it is possible
that the man Glass was bald or nervous through dissipation rather than age.
Mr Todhunteras has been remarkedis a quiet thrifty gentleman
essentially an abstainer. These cards and wine-cups are no part
of his normal habit; they have been produced for a particular companion.
Butas it happenswe may go farther. Mr Todhunter may or may not
possess this wine-servicebut there is no appearance of his
possessing any wine. Whatthenwere these vessels to contain?
I would at once suggest some brandy or whiskyperhaps of a luxurious sort
from a flask in the pocket of Mr Glass. We have thus something like
a picture of the manor at least of the type: tallelderlyfashionable
but somewhat frayedcertainly fond of play and strong waters
perhaps rather too fond of them Mr Glass is a gentleman not unknown
on the fringes of society."


Look here,cried the young womanif you don't let me pass to
untie him I'll run outside and scream for the police.

I should not advise you, Miss MacNab,said Dr Hood gravely
to be in any hurry to fetch the police. Father Brown,
I seriously ask you to compose your flock, for their sakes, not for mine.
Well, we have seen something of the figure and quality of Mr Glass;
what are the chief facts known of Mr Todhunter? They are substantially three:
that he is economical, that he is more or less wealthy, and that
he has a secret. Now, surely it is obvious that there are
the three chief marks of the kind of man who is blackmailed.
And surely it is equally obvious that the faded finery,
the profligate habits, and the shrill irritation of Mr Glass
are the unmistakable marks of the kind of man who blackmails him.
We have the two typical figures of a tragedy of hush money:
on the one hand, the respectable man with a mystery; on the other,
the West-end vulture with a scent for a mystery. These two men
have met here today and have quarrelled, using blows and a bare weapon.

Are you going to take those ropes off?asked the girl stubbornly.

Dr Hood replaced the silk hat carefully on the side table
and went across to the captive. He studied him intently
even moving him a little and half-turning him round by the shoulders
but he only answered:

No; I think these ropes will do very well till your friends
the police bring the handcuffs.

Father Brownwho had been looking dully at the carpet
lifted his round face and said: "What do you mean?"

The man of science had picked up the peculiar dagger-sword
from the carpet and was examining it intently as he answered:

Because you find Mr Todhunter tied up,he saidyou all jump
to the conclusion that Mr Glass had tied him up; and then, I suppose,
escaped. There are four objections to this: First, why should a gentleman
so dressy as our friend Glass leave his hat behind him, if he left
of his own free will? Second,he continuedmoving towards the window
this is the only exit, and it is locked on the inside. Third, this
blade here has a tiny touch of blood at the point, but there is
no wound on Mr Todhunter. Mr Glass took that wound away with him,
dead or alive. Add to all this primary probability.
It is much more likely that the blackmailed person would try to kill
his incubus, rather than that the blackmailer would try to kill
the goose that lays his golden egg. There, I think, we have
a pretty complete story.

But the ropes?inquired the priestwhose eyes had remained
open with a rather vacant admiration.

Ah, the ropes,said the expert with a singular intonation.
Miss MacNab very much wanted to know why I did not set Mr Todhunter
free from his ropes. Well, I will tell her. I did not do it because
Mr Todhunter can set himself free from them at any minute he chooses.

What?cried the audience on quite different notes of astonishment.

I have looked at all the knots on Mr Todhunter,reiterated Hood
quietly. "I happen to know something about knots; they are quite
a branch of criminal science. Every one of those knots he has
made himself and could loosen himself; not one of them would have been made


by an enemy really trying to pinion him. The whole of this affair
of the ropes is a clever faketo make us think him the victim of
the struggle instead of the wretched Glasswhose corpse may be hidden
in the garden or stuffed up the chimney."

There was a rather depressed silence; the room was darkening
the sea-blighted boughs of the garden trees looked leaner and
blacker than everyet they seemed to have come nearer to the window.
One could almost fancy they were sea-monsters like krakens or cuttlefish
writhing polypi who had crawled up from the sea to see the end
of this tragedyeven as hethe villain and victim of it
the terrible man in the tall hathad once crawled up from the sea.
For the whole air was dense with the morbidity of blackmailwhich is
the most morbid of human thingsbecause it is a crime concealing a crime;
a black plaster on a blacker wound.

The face of the little Catholic priestwhich was commonly complacent
and even comichad suddenly become knotted with a curious frown.
It was not the blank curiosity of his first innocence. It was rather
that creative curiosity which comes when a man has the beginnings of
an idea. "Say it againplease he said in a simple, bothered manner;
do you mean that Todhunter can tie himself up all alone and
untie himself all alone?"

That is what I mean,said the doctor.

Jerusalem!ejaculated Brown suddenlyI wonder if it could
possibly be that!

He scuttled across the room rather like a rabbitand peered with
quite a new impulsiveness into the partially-covered face of the captive.
Then he turned his own rather fatuous face to the company.
Yes, that's it!he cried in a certain excitement. "Can't you see it
in the man's face? Whylook at his eyes!"

Both the Professor and the girl followed the direction of his glance.
And though the broad black scarf completely masked the lower half
of Todhunter's visagethey did grow conscious of something struggling
and intense about the upper part of it.

His eyes do look queer,cried the young womanstrongly moved.
You brutes; I believe it's hurting him!

Not that, I think,said Dr Hood; "the eyes have certainly
a singular expression. But I should interpret those transverse
wrinkles as expressing rather such slight psychological abnormality--"

Oh, bosh!cried Father Brown: "can't you see he's laughing?"

Laughing!repeated the doctorwith a start; "but what on earth
can he be laughing at?"

Well,replied the Reverend Brown apologetically
not to put too fine a point on it, I think he is laughing at you.
And indeed, I'm a little inclined to laugh at myself, now I know about it.

Now you know about what?asked Hoodin some exasperation.

Now I know,replied the priestthe profession of Mr Todhunter.

He shuffled about the roomlooking at one object after another
with what seemed to be a vacant stareand then invariably bursting
into an equally vacant laugha highly irritating process for those
who had to watch it. He laughed very much over the hat


still more uproariously over the broken glassbut the blood on
the sword point sent him into mortal convulsions of amusement.
Then he turned to the fuming specialist.

Dr Hood,he cried enthusiasticallyyou are a great poet!
You have called an uncreated being out of the void. How much more godlike
that is than if you had only ferreted out the mere facts!
Indeed, the mere facts are rather commonplace and comic by comparison.

I have no notion what you are talking about,said Dr Hood
rather haughtily; "my facts are all inevitablethough necessarily incomplete.
A place may be permitted to intuitionperhaps (or poetry if you
prefer the term)but only because the corresponding details cannot
as yet be ascertained. In the absence of Mr Glass--"

That's it, that's it,said the little priestnodding quite eagerly
that's the first idea to get fixed; the absence of Mr Glass.
He is so extremely absent. I suppose,he added reflectively
that there was never anybody so absent as Mr Glass.

Do you mean he is absent from the town?demanded the doctor.

I mean he is absent from everywhere,answered Father Brown;
he is absent from the Nature of Things, so to speak.

Do you seriously mean,said the specialist with a smile
that there is no such person?

The priest made a sign of assent. "It does seem a pity he said.

Orion Hood broke into a contemptuous laugh. Well he said,
before we go on to the hundred and one other evidenceslet us take
the first proof we found; the first fact we fell over when we fell
into this room. If there is no Mr Glasswhose hat is this?"

It is Mr Todhunter's,replied Father Brown.

But it doesn't fit him,cried Hood impatiently. "He couldn't
possibly wear it!"

Father Brown shook his head with ineffable mildness.
I never said he could wear it,he answered. "I said it was his hat.
Orif you insist on a shade of differencea hat that is his."

And what is the shade of difference?asked the criminologist
with a slight sneer.

My good sir,cried the mild little manwith his first movement
akin to impatienceif you will walk down the street to the nearest
hatter's shop, you will see that there is, in common speech,
a difference between a man's hat and the hats that are his.

But a hatter,protested Hoodcan get money out of his
stock of new hats. What could Todhunter get out of this one old hat?

Rabbits,replied Father Brown promptly.

What?cried Dr Hood.

Rabbits, ribbons, sweetmeats, goldfish, rolls of coloured paper,
said the reverend gentleman with rapidity. "Didn't you see it all
when you found out the faked ropes? It's just the same with the sword.
Mr Todhunter hasn't got a scratch on himas you say; but he's got
a scratch in himif you follow me."


Do you mean inside Mr Todhunter's clothes?inquired
Mrs MacNab sternly.

I do not mean inside Mr Todhunter's clothes,said Father Brown.
I mean inside Mr Todhunter.

Well, what in the name of Bedlam do you mean?

Mr Todhunter,explained Father Brown placidlyis learning
to be a professional conjurer, as well as juggler, ventriloquist,
and expert in the rope trick. The conjuring explains the hat.
It is without traces of hair, not because it is worn by
the prematurely bald Mr Glass, but because it has never been worn
by anybody. The juggling explains the three glasses, which Todhunter
was teaching himself to throw up and catch in rotation.
But, being only at the stage of practice, he smashed one glass
against the ceiling. And the juggling also explains the sword,
which it was Mr Todhunter's professional pride and duty to swallow.
But, again, being at the stage of practice, he very slightly grazed
the inside of his throat with the weapon. Hence he has a wound
inside him, which I am sure (from the expression on his face)
is not a serious one. He was also practising the trick of
a release from ropes, like the Davenport Brothers, and he was just about
to free himself when we all burst into the room. The cards, of course,
are for card tricks, and they are scattered on the floor because
he had just been practising one of those dodges of sending them
flying through the air. He merely kept his trade secret,
because he had to keep his tricks secret, like any other conjurer.
But the mere fact of an idler in a top hat having once looked in
at his back window, and been driven away by him with great indignation,
was enough to set us all on a wrong track of romance, and make us imagine
his whole life overshadowed by the silk-hatted spectre of Mr Glass.

But What about the two voices?asked Maggiestaring.

Have you never heard a ventriloquist?asked Father Brown.
Don't you know they speak first in their natural voice, and then
answer themselves in just that shrill, squeaky, unnatural voice
that you heard?

There was a long silenceand Dr Hood regarded the little man
who had spoken with a dark and attentive smile. "You are certainly
a very ingenious person he said; it could not have been done better
in a book. But there is just one part of Mr Glass you have not succeeded
in explaining awayand that is his name. Miss MacNab distinctly
heard him so addressed by Mr Todhunter."

The Rev. Mr Brown broke into a rather childish giggle.
Well, that,he saidthat's the silliest part of the whole silly story.
When our juggling friend here threw up the three glasses in turn,
he counted them aloud as he caught them, and also commented aloud
when he failed to catch them. What he really said was: `One, two
and three--missed a glass one, two--missed a glass.' And so on.

There was a second of stillness in the roomand then everyone
with one accord burst out laughing. As they did so the figure
in the corner complacently uncoiled all the ropes and let them fall
with a flourish. Thenadvancing into the middle of the room with a bow
he produced from his pocket a big bill printed in blue and red
which announced that ZALADINthe World's Greatest Conjurer
ContortionistVentriloquist and Human Kangaroo would be ready
with an entirely new series of Tricks at the Empire Pavilion
Scarboroughon Monday next at eight o'clock precisely.


TWO

The Paradise of Thieves

THE great Muscarimost original of the young Tuscan poets
walked swiftly into his favourite restaurantwhich overlooked
the Mediterraneanwas covered by an awning and fenced by little lemon
and orange trees. Waiters in white aprons were already laying out
on white tables the insignia of an early and elegant lunch;
and this seemed to increase a satisfaction that already touched
the top of swagger. Muscari had an eagle nose like Dante;
his hair and neckerchief were dark and flowing; he carried a black cloak
and might almost have carried a black maskso much did he bear with him
a sort of Venetian melodrama. He acted as if a troubadour had still
a definite social officelike a bishop. He went as near as
his century permitted to walking the world literally like Don Juan
with rapier and guitar.

For he never travelled without a case of swordswith which
he had fought many brilliant duelsor without a corresponding case
for his mandolinwith which he had actually serenaded Miss Ethel Harrogate
the highly conventional daughter of a Yorkshire banker on a holiday.
Yet he was neither a charlatan nor a child; but a hotlogical Latin
who liked a certain thing and was it. His poetry was as straightforward
as anyone else's prose. He desired fame or wine or the beauty of women
with a torrid directness inconceivable among the cloudy ideals
or cloudy compromises of the north; to vaguer races his intensity
smelt of danger or even crime. Like fire or the seahe was too simple
to be trusted.

The banker and his beautiful English daughter were staying
at the hotel attached to Muscari's restaurant; that was why it was
his favourite restaurant. A glance flashed around the room
told him at oncehoweverthat the English party had not descended.
The restaurant was glitteringbut still comparatively empty.
Two priests were talking at a table in a cornerbut Muscari
(an ardent Catholic) took no more notice of them than of a couple of crows.
But from a yet farther seatpartly concealed behind a dwarf tree
golden with orangesthere rose and advanced towards the poet a person
whose costume was the most aggressively opposite to his own.

This figure was clad in tweeds of a piebald checkwith a pink tie
a sharp collar and protuberant yellow boots. He contrived
in the true tradition of 'Arry at Margateto look at once startling
and commonplace. But as the Cockney apparition drew nearer
Muscari was astounded to observe that the head was distinctly
different from the body. It was an Italian head: fuzzyswarthy and
very vivaciousthat rose abruptly out of the standing collar
like cardboard and the comic pink tie. In fact it was a head he knew.
He recognized itabove all the dire erection of English holiday array
as the face of an old but forgotten friend name Ezza. This youth
had been a prodigy at collegeand European fame was promised him
when he was barely fifteen; but when he appeared in the world he failed
first publicly as a dramatist and a demagogueand then privately
for years on end as an actora travellera commission agent
or a journalist. Muscari had known him last behind the footlights;
he was but too well attuned to the excitements of that profession
and it was believed that some moral calamity had swallowed him up.


Ezza!cried the poetrising and shaking hands in
a pleasant astonishment. "WellI've seen you in many costumes
in the green room; but I never expected to see you dressed up
as an Englishman."

This,answered Ezza gravelyis not the costume of an Englishman,
but of the Italian of the future.

In that case,remarked MuscariI confess I prefer
the Italian of the past.

That is your old mistake, Muscari,said the man in tweeds
shaking his head; "and the mistake of Italy. In the sixteenth century
we Tuscans made the morning: we had the newest steelthe newest carving
the newest chemistry. Why should we not now have the newest factories
the newest motorsthe newest finance--the newest clothes?"

Because they are not worth having,answered Muscari.
You cannot make Italians really progressive; they are too intelligent.
Men who see the short cut to good living will never go by
the new elaborate roads.

Well, to me Marconi, or D'Annunzio, is the star of Italy
said the other. "That is why I have become a Futurist--and a courier."

A courier!cried Muscarilaughing. "Is that the last of your
list of trades? And whom are you conducting?"

Oh, a man of the name of Harrogate, and his family, I believe.

Not the banker in this hotel?inquired the poet
with some eagerness.

That's the man,answered the courier.

Does it pay well?asked the troubadour innocently.

It will pay me,said Ezzawith a very enigmatic smile.
But I am a rather curious sort of courier.Thenas if
changing the subjecthe said abruptly: "He has a daughter--and a son."

The daughter is divine,affirmed Muscarithe father and son are,
I suppose, human. But granted his harmless qualities doesn't that banker
strike you as a splendid instance of my argument? Harrogate has millions
in his safes, and I have--the hole in my pocket. But you daren't say-you
can't say--that he's cleverer than I, or bolder than I, or even
more energetic. He's not clever, he's got eyes like blue buttons;
he's not energetic, he moves from chair to chair like a paralytic.
He's a conscientious, kindly old blockhead; but he's got money simply
because he collects money, as a boy collects stamps.
You're too strong-minded for business, Ezza. You won't get on.
To be clever enough to get all that money, one must be stupid enough
to want it.

I'm stupid enough for that,said Ezza gloomily. "But I should
suggest a suspension of your critique of the bankerfor here he comes."

Mr Harrogatethe great financierdid indeed enter the room
but nobody looked at him. He was a massive elderly man with
a boiled blue eye and faded grey-sandy moustaches; but for
his heavy stoop he might have been a colonel. He carried several
unopened letters in his hand. His son Frank was a really fine lad
curly-hairedsun-burnt and strenuous; but nobody looked at him either.
All eyesas usualwere rivetedfor the moment at least


upon Ethel Harrogatewhose golden Greek head and colour of the dawn
seemed set purposely above that sapphire sealike a goddess's.
The poet Muscari drew a deep breath as if he were drinking something
as indeed he was. He was drinking the Classic; which his fathers made.
Ezza studied her with a gaze equally intense and far more baffling.

Miss Harrogate was specially radiant and ready for conversation
on this occasion; and her family had fallen into the easier
Continental habitallowing the stranger Muscari and even
the courier Ezza to share their table and their talk. In Ethel Harrogate
conventionality crowned itself with a perfection and splendour of its own.
Proud of her father's prosperityfond of fashionable pleasures
a fond daughter but an arrant flirtshe was all these things with
a sort of golden good-nature that made her very pride pleasing
and her worldly respectability a fresh and hearty thing.

They were in an eddy of excitement about some alleged peril
in the mountain path they were to attempt that week. The danger was
not from rock and avalanchebut from something yet more romantic.
Ethel had been earnestly assured that brigandsthe true cut-throats
of the modern legendstill haunted that ridge and held that pass
of the Apennines.

They say,she criedwith the awful relish of a schoolgirl
that all that country isn't ruled by the King of Italy, but by
the King of Thieves. Who is the King of Thieves?

A great man,replied Muscariworthy to rank with
your own Robin Hood, signorina. Montano, the King of Thieves,
was first heard of in the mountains some ten years ago, when people
said brigands were extinct. But his wild authority spread with
the swiftness of a silent revolution. Men found his fierce proclamations
nailed in every mountain village; his sentinels, gun in hand,
in every mountain ravine. Six times the Italian Government
tried to dislodge him, and was defeated in six pitched battles
as if by Napoleon.

Now that sort of thing,observed the banker weightily
would never be allowed in England; perhaps, after all, we had better
choose another route. But the courier thought it perfectly safe.

It is perfectly safe,said the courier contemptuously.
I have been over it twenty times. There may have been some old
jailbird called a King in the time of our grandmothers;
but he belongs to history if not to fable. Brigandage is utterly
stamped out.

It can never be utterly stamped out,Muscari answered;
because armed revolt is a recreation natural to southerners.
Our peasants are like their mountains, rich in grace and green gaiety,
but with the fires beneath. There is a point of human despair where
the northern poor take to drink--and our own poor take to daggers.

A poet is privileged,replied Ezzawith a sneer.
If Signor Muscari were English be would still be looking
for highwaymen in Wandsworth. Believe me, there is no more danger
of being captured in Italy than of being scalped in Boston.

Then you propose to attempt it?asked Mr Harrogatefrowning.

Oh, it sounds rather dreadful,cried the girlturning her
glorious eyes on Muscari. "Do you really think the pass is dangerous?"

Muscari threw back his black mane. "I know it is dangerous:"


he said. "I am crossing it tomorrow."

The young Harrogate was left behind for a moment emptying a glass of
white wine and lighting a cigaretteas the beauty retired with the banker
the courier and the poetdistributing peals of silvery satire.
At about the same instant the two priests in the corner rose;
the tallera white-haired Italiantaking his leave. The shorter priest
turned and walked towards the banker's sonand the latter was astonished
to realize that though a Roman priest the man was an Englishman.
He vaguely remembered meeting him at the social crushes of some of
his Catholic friends. But the man spoke before his memories could
collect themselves.

Mr Frank Harrogate, I think,he said. "I have had an introduction
but I do not mean to presume on it. The odd thing I have to say
will come far better from a stranger. Mr HarrogateI say one word and go:
take care of your sister in her great sorrow."

Even for Frank's truly fraternal indifference the radiance
and derision of his sister still seemed to sparkle and ring;
he could hear her laughter still from the garden of the hotel
and he stared at his sombre adviser in puzzledom.

Do you mean the brigands?he asked; and thenremembering
a vague fear of his ownor can you be thinking of Muscari?

One is never thinking of the real sorrow,said the strange priest.
One can only be kind when it comes.

And he passed promptly from the roomleaving the other almost
with his mouth open.

A day or two afterwards a coach containing the company was
really crawling and staggering up the spurs of the menacing mountain range.
Between Ezza's cheery denial of the danger and Muscari's boisterous
defiance of itthe financial family were firm in their original purpose;
and Muscari made his mountain journey coincide with theirs.
A more surprising feature was the appearance at the coast-town station
of the little priest of the restaurant; he alleged merely
that business led him also to cross the mountains of the midland.
But young Harrogate could not but connect his presence with
the mystical fears and warnings of yesterday.

The coach was a kind of commodious wagonetteinvented by
the modernist talent of the courierwho dominated the expedition
with his scientific activity and breezy wit. The theory of danger from
thieves was banished from thought and speech; though so far conceded
in formal act that some slight protection was employed. The courier
and the young banker carried loaded revolversand Muscari
(with much boyish gratification) buckled on a kind of cutlass
under his black cloak.

He had planted his person at a flying leap next to
the lovely Englishwoman; on the other side of her sat the priest
whose name was Brown and who was fortunately a silent individual;
the courier and the father and son were on the banc behind.
Muscari was in towering spiritsseriously believing in the peril
and his talk to Ethel might well have made her think him a maniac.
But there was something in the crazy and gorgeous ascent
amid crags like peaks loaded with woods like orchardsthat dragged
her spirit up alone with his into purple preposterous heavens
with wheeling suns. The white road climbed like a white cat;
it spanned sunless chasms like a tight-rope; it was flung round
far-off headlands like a lasso.


And yethowever high they wentthe desert still blossomed
like the rose. The fields were burnished in sun and wind
with the colour of kingfisher and parrot and humming-bird
the hues of a hundred flowering flowers. There are no lovelier meadows
and woodlands than the Englishno nobler crests or chasms than
those of Snowdon and Glencoe. But Ethel Harrogate had never before
seen the southern parks tilted on the splintered northern peaks;
the gorge of Glencoe laden with the fruits of Kent. There was nothing here
of that chill and desolation that in Britain one associates with
high and wild scenery. It was rather like a mosaic palace
rent with earthquakes; or like a Dutch tulip garden blown to the stars
with dynamite.

It's like Kew Gardens on Beachy Head,said Ethel.

It is our secret,answered hethe secret of the volcano;
that is also the secret of the revolution--that a thing can be violent
and yet fruitful.

You are rather violent yourself,and she smiled at him.

And yet rather fruitless,he admitted; "if I die tonight
I die unmarried and a fool."

It is not my fault if you have come,she said after
a difficult silence.

It is never your fault,answered Muscari; "it was not your fault
that Troy fell."

As they spoke they came under overwhelming cliffs that spread
almost like wings above a corner of peculiar peril. Shocked by the
big shadow on the narrow ledgethe horses stirred doubtfully.
The driver leapt to the earth to hold their headsand they
became ungovernable. One horse reared up to his full height-the
titanic and terrifying height of a horse when he becomes a biped.
It was just enough to alter the equilibrium; the whole coach
heeled over like a ship and crashed through the fringe of bushes
over the cliff. Muscari threw an arm round Ethelwho clung to him
and shouted aloud. It was for such moments that he lived.

At the moment when the gorgeous mountain walls went round
the poet's head like a purple windmill a thing happened which was
superficially even more startling. The elderly and lethargic banker
sprang erect in the coach and leapt over the precipice before
the tilted vehicle could take him there. In the first flash
it looked as wild as suicide; but in the second it was as sensible as
a safe investment. The Yorkshireman had evidently more promptitude
as well as more sagacitythan Muscari had given him credit for;
for he landed in a lap of land which might have been specially padded
with turf and clover to receive him. As it happenedindeed
the whole company were equally luckyif less dignified in their
form of ejection. Immediately under this abrupt turn of the road
was a grassy and flowery hollow like a sunken meadow; a sort of
green velvet pocket in the longgreentrailing garments of the hills.
Into this they were all tipped or tumbled with little damage
save that their smallest baggage and even the contents of their pockets
were scattered in the grass around them. The wrecked coach still
hung aboveentangled in the tough hedgeand the horses plunged
painfully down the slope. The first to sit up was the little priest
who scratched his head with a face of foolish wonder. Frank Harrogate
heard him say to himself: "Now why on earth have we fallen just here?"


He blinked at the litter around himand recovered his own
very clumsy umbrella. Beyond it lay the broad sombrero fallen from
the head of Muscariand beside it a sealed business letter which
after a glance at the addresshe returned to the elder Harrogate.
On the other side of him the grass partly hid Miss Ethel's sunshade
and just beyond it lay a curious little glass bottle hardly two inches long.
The priest picked it up; in a quickunobtrusive manner he uncorked
and sniffed itand his heavy face turned the colour of clay.

Heaven deliver us!he muttered; "it can't be hers!
Has her sorrow come on her already?" He slipped it into his own
waistcoat pocket. "I think I'm justified he said, till I know
a little more."

He gazed painfully at the girlat that moment being raised out of
the flowers by Muscariwho was saying: "We have fallen into heaven;
it is a sign. Mortals climb up and they fall down; but it is only
gods and goddesses who can fall upwards."

And indeed she rose out of the sea of colours so beautiful and
happy a vision that the priest felt his suspicion shaken and shifted.
After all,he thoughtperhaps the poison isn't hers; perhaps it's
one of Muscari's melodramatic tricks.

Muscari set the lady lightly on her feetmade her an absurdly
theatrical bowand thendrawing his cutlasshacked hard at
the taut reins of the horsesso that they scrambled to their feet
and stood in the grass trembling. When he had done so
a most remarkable thing occurred. A very quiet manvery poorly dressed
and extremely sunburntcame out of the bushes and took hold of
the horses' heads. He had a queer-shaped knifevery broad and crooked
buckled on his belt; there was nothing else remarkable about him
except his sudden and silent appearance. The poet asked him who he was
and he did not answer.

Looking around him at the confused and startled group in the hollow
Muscari then perceived that another tanned and tattered man
with a short gun under his armwas looking at them from
the ledge just belowleaning his elbows on the edge of the turf.
Then he looked up at the road from which they had fallen and saw
looking down on themthe muzzles of four other carbines and
four other brown faces with bright but quite motionless eyes.

The brigands!cried Muscariwith a kind of monstrous gaiety.
This was a trap. Ezza, if you will oblige me by shooting the
coachman first, we can cut our way out yet. There are only six of them.

The coachman,said Ezzawho was standing grimly with his hands
in his pocketshappens to be a servant of Mr Harrogate's.

Then shoot him all the more,cried the poet impatiently;
he was bribed to upset his master. Then put the lady in the middle,
and we will break the line up there--with a rush.

Andwading in wild grass and flowershe advanced fearlessly
on the four carbines; but finding that no one followed except
young Harrogatehe turnedbrandishing his cutlass to wave the others on.
He beheld the courier still standing slightly astride in the centre of
the grassy ringhis hands in his pockets; and his leanironical
Italian face seemed to grow longer and longer in the evening light.

You thought, Muscari, I was the failure among our schoolfellows,
he saidand you thought you were the success. But I have succeeded
more than you and fill a bigger place in history. I have been


acting epics while you have been writing them.

Come on, I tell you!thundered Muscari from above.
Will you stand there talking nonsense about yourself with a woman
to save and three strong men to help you? What do you call yourself?

I call myself Montano,cried the strange courier in a voice
equally loud and full. "I am the King of Thievesand I welcome you all
to my summer palace."

And even as he spoke five more silent men with weapons ready
came out of the bushesand looked towards him for their orders.
One of them held a large paper in his hand.

This pretty little nest where we are all picnicking,
went on the courier-brigandwith the same easy yet sinister smile
is, together with some caves underneath it, known by the name of
the Paradise of Thieves. It is my principal stronghold on these hills;
for (as you have doubtless noticed) the eyrie is invisible both from
the road above and from the valley below. It is something better
than impregnable; it is unnoticeable. Here I mostly live, and here
I shall certainly die, if the gendarmes ever track me here.
I am not the kind of criminal that `reserves his defence,'
but the better kind that reserves his last bullet.

All were staring at him thunderstruck and stillexcept Father Brown
who heaved a huge sigh as of relief and fingered the little phial
in his pocket. "Thank God!" he muttered; "that's much more probable.
The poison belongs to this robber-chiefof course. He carries it
so that he may never be capturedlike Cato."

The King of Thieves washowevercontinuing his address with
the same kind of dangerous politeness. "It only remains for me
he said, to explain to my guests the social conditions upon which
I have the pleasure of entertaining them. I need not expound
the quaint old ritual of ransomwhich it is incumbent upon me
to keep up; and even this only applies to a part of the company.
The Reverend Father Brown and the celebrated Signor Muscari
I shall release tomorrow at dawn and escort to my outposts.
Poets and priestsif you will pardon my simplicity of speech
never have any money. And so (since it is impossible to get anything
out of them)let usseize the opportunity to show our admiration for
classic literature and our reverence for Holy Church."

He paused with an unpleasing smile; and Father Brown
blinked repeatedly at himand seemed suddenly to be listening
with great attention. The brigand captain took the large paper from
the attendant brigand andglancing over itcontinued:
My other intentions are clearly set forth in this public document,
which I will hand round in a moment; and which after that will be
posted on a tree by every village in the valley, and every cross-road
in the hills. I will not weary you with the verbalism, since you
will be able to check it; the substance of my proclamation is this:
I announce first that I have captured the English millionaire,
the colossus of finance, Mr Samuel Harrogate. I next announce
that I have found on his person notes and bonds for two thousand pounds,
which he has given up to me. Now since it would be really immoral
to announce such a thing to a credulous public if it had not occurred,
I suggest it should occur without further delay. I suggest that
Mr Harrogate senior should now give me the two thousand pounds
in his pocket.

The banker looked at him under lowering browsred-faced and sulky
but seemingly cowed. That leap from the failing carriage seemed


to have used up his last virility. He had held back in a hang-dog style
when his son and Muscari had made a bold movement to break out of
the brigand trap. And now his red and trembling hand went reluctantly
to his breast-pocketand passed a bundle of papers and envelopes
to the brigand.

Excellent!cried that outlaw gaily; "so far we are all cosy.
I resume the points of my proclamationso soon to be published
to all Italy. The third item is that of ransom. I am asking
from the friends of the Harrogate family a ransom of three thousand pounds
which I am sure is almost insulting to that family in its moderate estimate
of their importance. Who would not pay triple this sum for another day's
association with such a domestic circle? I will not conceal from you
that the document ends with certain legal phrases about
the unpleasant things that may happen if the money is not paid;
but meanwhileladies and gentlemenlet me assure you that
I am comfortably off here for accommodationwine and cigars
and bid you for the present a sportsman-like welcome to the luxuries
of the Paradise of Thieves."

All the time that he had been speakingthe dubious-looking men
with carbines and dirty slouch hats had been gathering silently
in such preponderating numbers that even Muscari was compelled
to recognize his sally with the sword as hopeless. He glanced around him;
but the girl had already gone over to soothe and comfort her father
for her natural affection for his person was as strong or stronger than
her somewhat snobbish pride in his success. Muscariwith the illogicality
of a loveradmired this filial devotionand yet was irritated by it.
He slapped his sword back in the scabbard and went and flung himself
somewhat sulkily on one of the green banks. The priest sat down
within a yard or twoand Muscari turned his aquiline nose on him
in an instantaneous irritation.

Well,said the poet tartlydo people still think me too romantic?
Are there, I wonder, any brigands left in the mountains?

There may be,said Father Brown agnostically.

What do you mean?asked the other sharply.

I mean I am puzzled,replied the priest. "I am puzzled about
Ezza or Montanoor whatever his name is. He seems to me much more
inexplicable as a brigand even than he was as a courier."

But in what way?persisted his companion. "Santa Maria!
I should have thought the brigand was plain enough."

I find three curious difficulties,said the priest in a quiet voice.
I should like to have your opinion on them. First of all
I must tell you I was lunching in that restaurant at the seaside.
As four of you left the room, you and Miss Harrogate went ahead,
talking and laughing; the banker and the courier came behind,
speaking sparely and rather low. But I could not help hearing Ezza
say these words--`Well, let her have a little fun; you know the blow
may smash her any minute.' Mr Harrogate answered nothing;
so the words must have had some meaning. On the impulse of the moment
I warned her brother that she might be in peril; I said nothing
of its nature, for I did not know. But if it meant this capture
in the hills, the thing is nonsense. Why should the brigand-courier
warn his patron, even by a hint, when it was his whole purpose to lure him
into the mountain-mousetrap? It could not have meant that.
But if not, what is this disaster, known both to courier and banker,
which hangs over Miss Harrogate's head?


Disaster to Miss Harrogate!ejaculated the poetsitting up
with some ferocity. "Explain yourself; go on."

All my riddles, however, revolve round our bandit chief,
resumed the priest reflectively. "And here is the second of them.
Why did he put so prominently in his demand for ransom the fact that
he had taken two thousand pounds from his victim on the spot?
It had no faintest tendency to evoke the ransom. Quite the other way
in fact. Harrogate's friends would be far likelier to fear for his fate
if they thought the thieves were poor and desperate. Yet the spoliation
on the spot was emphasized and even put first in the demand.
Why should Ezza Montano want so specially to tell all Europe that
he had picked the pocket before he levied the blackmail?"

I cannot imagine,said Muscarirubbing up his black hair
for once with an unaffected gesture. "You may think you enlighten me
but you are leading me deeper in the dark. What may be the third
objection to the King of the Thieves?" "The third objection
said Father Brown, still in meditation, is this bank we are sitting on.
Why does our brigand-courier call this his chief fortress and
the Paradise of Thieves? It is certainly a soft spot to fall on
and a sweet spot to look at. It is also quite trueas he says
that it is invisible from valley and peakand is therefore a hiding-place.
But it is not a fortress. It never could be a fortress.
I think it would be the worst fortress in the world. For it is actually
commanded from above by the common high-road across the mountains-the
very place where the police would most probably pass.
Whyfive shabby short guns held us helpless here about half an hour ago.
The quarter of a company of any kind of soldiers could have blown us
over the precipice. Whatever is the meaning of this odd little nook
of grass and flowersit is not an entrenched position.
It is something else; it has some other strange sort of importance;
some value that I do not understand. It is more like an accidental theatre
or a natural green-room; it is like the scene for some romantic comedy;
it is like...."

As the little priest's words lengthened and lost themselves
in a dull and dreamy sincerityMuscariwhose animal senses were alert
and impatientheard a new noise in the mountains. Even for him
the sound was as yet very small and faint; but he could have sworn
the evening breeze bore with it something like the pulsation of
horses' hoofs and a distant hallooing.

At the same momentand long before the vibration had touched
the less-experienced English earsMontano the brigand ran up
the bank above them and stood in the broken hedgesteadying himself
against a tree and peering down the road. He was a strange figure
as he stood therefor he had assumed a flapped fantastic hat and
swinging baldric and cutlass in his capacity of bandit king
but the bright prosaic tweed of the courier showed through in patches
all over him.

The next moment he turned his olivesneering face and made
a movement with his hand. The brigands scattered at the signal
not in confusionbut in what was evidently a kind of guerrilla discipline.
Instead of occupying the road along the ridgethey sprinkled themselves
along the side of it behind the trees and the hedgeas if watching unseen
for an enemy. The noise beyond grew strongerbeginning to shake
the mountain roadand a voice could be clearly heard calling out orders.
The brigands swayed and huddledcursing and whispering
and the evening air was full of little metallic noises as they
cocked their pistolsor loosened their knivesor trailed their scabbards
over the stones. Then the noises from both quarters seemed to meet
on the road above; branches brokehorses neighedmen cried out.


A rescue!cried Muscarispringing to his feet and waving his hat;
the gendarmes are on them! Now for freedom and a blow for it!
Now to be rebels against robbers! Come, don't let us leave everything
to the police; that is so dreadfully modern. Fall on the rear
of these ruffians. The gendarmes are rescuing us; come, friends,
let us rescue the gendarmes!

And throwing his hat over the treeshe drew his cutlass once more
and began to escalade the slope up to the road. Frank Harrogate
jumped up and ran across to help himrevolver in handbut was astounded
to hear himself imperatively recalled by the raucous voice of his father
who seemed to be in great agitation.

I won't have it,said the banker in a choking voice;
I command you not to interfere.

But, father,said Frank very warmlyan Italian gentleman has
led the way. You wouldn't have it said that the English hung back.

It is useless,said the older manwho was trembling violently
it is useless. We must submit to our lot.

Father Brown looked at the banker; then he put his hand instinctively
as if on his heartbut really on the little bottle of poison;
and a great light came into his face like the light of the revelation
of death.

Muscari meanwhilewithout waiting for supporthad crested the bank
up to the roadand struck the brigand king heavily on the shoulder
causing him to stagger and swing round. Montano also had
his cutlass unsheathedand Muscariwithout further speech
sent a slash at his head which he was compelled to catch and parry.
But even as the two short blades crossed and clashed the King of Thieves
deliberately dropped his point and laughed.

What's the good, old man?he said in spirited Italian slang;
this damned farce will soon be over.

What do you mean, you shuffler?panted the fire-eating poet.
Is your courage a sham as well as your honesty?

Everything about me is a sham,responded the ex-courier
in complete good humour. "I am an actor; and if I ever had
a private characterI have forgotten it. I am no more a genuine brigand
than I am a genuine courier. I am only a bundle of masks
and you can't fight a duel with that." And he laughed with boyish pleasure
and fell into his old straddling attitudewith his back to the skirmish
up the road.

Darkness was deepening under the mountain wallsand it was not easy
to discern much of the progress of the strugglesave that tall men
were pushing their horses' muzzles through a clinging crowd of brigands
who seemed more inclined to harass and hustle the invaders
than to kill them. It was more like a town crowd preventing
the passage of the police than anything the poet had ever pictured
as the last stand of doomed and outlawed men of blood. Just as he was
rolling his eyes in bewilderment he felt a touch on his elbow
and found the odd little priest standing there like a small Noah
with a large hatand requesting the favour of a word or two.

Signor Muscari,said the clericin this queer crisis
personalities may be pardoned. I may tell you without offence
of a way in which you will do more good than by helping the gendarmes,


who are bound to break through in any case. You will permit me
the impertinent intimacy, but do you care about that girl?
Care enough to marry her and make her a good husband, I mean?

Yes,said the poet quite simply.

Does she care about you?

I think so,was the equally grave reply.

Then go over there and offer yourself,said the priest:
offer her everything you can; offer her heaven and earth
if you've got them. The time is short.

Why?asked the astonished man of letters.

Because,said Father Brownher Doom is coming up the road.

Nothing is coming up the road,argued Muscariexcept the rescue.

Well, you go over there,said his adviserand be ready
to rescue her from the rescue.

Almost as he spoke the hedges were broken all along the ridge
by a rush of the escaping brigands. They dived into bushes
and thick grass like defeated men pursued; and the great cocked hats
of the mounted gendarmerie were seen passing along above the broken hedge.
Another order was given; there was a noise of dismounting
and a tall officer with cocked hata grey imperialand a paper in his hand
appeared in the gap that was the gate of the Paradise of Thieves.
There was a momentary silencebroken in an extraordinary way by the banker
who cried out in a hoarse and strangled voice: "Robbed! I've been robbed!"

Why, that was hours ago,cried his son in astonishment:
when you were robbed of two thousand pounds.

Not of two thousand pounds,said the financierwith an abrupt
and terrible composureonly of a small bottle.

The policeman with the grey imperial was striding across
the green hollow. Encountering the King of the Thieves in his path
he clapped him on the shoulder with something between a caress
and a buffet and gave him a push that sent him staggering away.
You'll get into trouble, too,he saidif you play these tricks.

Again to Muscari's artistic eye it seemed scarcely like
the capture of a great outlaw at bay. Passing onthe policeman halted
before the Harrogate group and said: "Samuel HarrogateI arrest you
in the name of the law for embezzlement of the funds of the Hull and
Huddersfield Bank."

The great banker nodded with an odd air of business assent
seemed to reflect a momentand before they could interpose took
a half turn and a step that brought him to the edge of the outer
mountain wall. Thenflinging up his handshe leapt exactly as he leapt
out of the coach. But this time he did not fall into a little meadow
just beneath; he fell a thousand feet belowto become a wreck of bones
in the valley.

The anger of the Italian policemanwhich he expressed volubly
to Father Brownwas largely mixed with admiration. "It was like him
to escape us at last he said. He was a great brigand if you like.
This last trick of his I believe to be absolutely unprecedented.
He fled with the company's money to Italyand actually got himself


captured by sham brigands in his own payso as to explain both the
disappearance of the money and the disappearance of himself.
That demand for ransom was really taken seriously by most of the police.
But for years he's been doing things as good as thatquite as good
as that. He will be a serious loss to his family."

Muscari was leading away the unhappy daughterwho held hard to him
as she did for many a year after. But even in that tragic wreck
he could not help having a smile and a hand of half-mocking friendship
for the indefensible Ezza Montano. "And where are you going next?"
he asked him over his shoulder.

Birmingham,answered the actorpuffing a cigarette.
Didn't I tell you I was a Futurist? I really do believe in those things
if I believe in anything. Change, bustle and new things every morning.
I am going to Manchester, Liverpool, Leeds, Hull, Huddersfield,
Glasgow, Chicago--in short, to enlightened, energetic, civilized society!

In short,said Muscarito the real Paradise of Thieves.

THREE

The Duel of Dr Hirsch

M. MAURICE BRUN and M. Armand Armagnac were crossing the sunlit
Champs Elysee with a kind of vivacious respectability.
They were both shortbrisk and bold. They both had black beards
that did not seem to belong to their facesafter the strange French fashion
which makes real hair look like artificial. M. Brun had
a dark wedge of beard apparently affixed under his lower lip.
M. Armagnacby way of a changehad two beards; one sticking out
from each corner of his emphatic chin. They were both young.
They were both atheistswith a depressing fixity of outlook
but great mobility of exposition. They were both pupils of
the great Dr Hirschscientistpublicist and moralist.
M. Brun had become prominent by his proposal that the common
expression "Adieu" should be obliterated from all the French classics
and a slight fine imposed for its use in private life. "Then he said,
the very name of your imagined God will have echoed for the last time
in the ear of man." M. Armagnac specialized rather in a resistance
to militarismand wished the chorus of the Marseillaise altered from
Aux armes, citoyensto "Aux grevescitoyens". But his antimilitarism
was of a peculiar and Gallic sort. An eminent and very wealthy
English Quakerwho had come to see him to arrange for the disarmament
of the whole planetwas rather distressed by Armagnac's proposal
that (by way of beginning) the soldiers should shoot their officers.
And indeed it was in this regard that the two men differed most
from their leader and father in philosophy. Dr Hirsch
though born in France and covered with the most triumphant favours
of French educationwas temperamentally of another type--milddreamy
humane; anddespite his sceptical systemnot devoid of transcendentalism.
He wasin shortmore like a German than a Frenchman; and much as they
admired himsomething in the subconsciousness of these Gauls was
irritated at his pleading for peace in so peaceful a manner.
To their party throughout EuropehoweverPaul Hirsch was
a saint of science. His large and daring cosmic theories
advertised his austere life and innocentif somewhat frigidmorality;
he held something of the position of Darwin doubled with the position
of Tolstoy. But he was neither an anarchist nor an antipatriot;


his views on disarmament were moderate and evolutionary-the
Republican Government put considerable confidence in him
as to various chemical improvements. He had lately even discovered
a noiseless explosivethe secret of which the Government was
carefully guarding.

His house stood in a handsome street near the Elysee-a
street which in that strong summer seemed almost as full of foliage
as the park itself; a row of chestnuts shattered the sunshine
interrupted only in one place where a large cafe ran out into the street.
Almost opposite to this were the white and green blinds of
the great scientist's housean iron balconyalso painted green
running along in front of the first-floor windows. Beneath this was
the entrance into a kind of courtgay with shrubs and tiles
into which the two Frenchmen passed in animated talk.

The door was opened to them by the doctor's old servantSimon
who might very well have passed for a doctor himselfhaving a strict
suit of blackspectaclesgrey hairand a confidential manner.
In facthe was a far more presentable man of science than his master
Dr Hirschwho was a forked radish of a fellowwith just enough
bulb of a head to make his body insignificant. With all the gravity
of a great physician handling a prescriptionSimon handed a letter
to M. Armagnac. That gentleman ripped it up with a racial impatience
and rapidly read the following:

I cannot come down to speak to you. There is a man in this house
whom I refuse to meet. He is a Chauvinist officerDubosc.
He is sitting on the stairs. He has been kicking the furniture about
in all the other rooms; I have locked myself in my study
opposite that cafe. If you love mego over to the cafe and wait
at one of the tables outside. I will try to send him over to you.
I want you to answer him and deal with him. I cannot meet him myself.
I cannot: I will not.

There is going to be another Dreyfus case.

P. HIRSCH
M. Armagnac looked at M. Brun. M. Brun borrowed the letter
read itand looked at M. Armagnac. Then both betook themselves briskly
to one of the little tables under the chestnuts opposite
where they procured two tall glasses of horrible green absinthe
which they could drink apparently in any weather and at any time.
Otherwise the cafe seemed emptyexcept for one soldier drinking coffee
at one tableand at another a large man drinking a small syrup and
a priest drinking nothing.
Maurice Brun cleared his throat and said: "Of course we must help
the master in every waybut--"

There was an abrupt silenceand Armagnac said: "He may have
excellent reasons for not meeting the man himselfbut--"

Before either could complete a sentenceit was evident that
the invader had been expelled from the house opposite. The shrubs under
the archway swayed and burst apartas that unwelcome guest was
shot out of them like a cannon-ball.

He was a sturdy figure in a small and tilted Tyrolean felt hat
a figure that had indeed something generally Tyrolean about it.
The man's shoulders were big and broadbut his legs were neat and active


in knee-breeches and knitted stockings. His face was brown like a nut;
he had very bright and restless brown eyes; his dark hair was brushed back
stiffly in front and cropped close behindoutlining a square and
powerful skull; and he had a huge black moustache like the horns of a bison.
Such a substantial head is generally based on a bull neck; but this was
hidden by a big coloured scarfswathed round up the man's ears
and falling in front inside his jacket like a sort of fancy waistcoat.
It was a scarf of strong dead coloursdark red and old gold and purple
probably of Oriental fabrication. Altogether the man had something
a shade barbaric about him; more like a Hungarian squire than
an ordinary French officer. His Frenchhoweverwas obviously
that of a native; and his French patriotism was so impulsive
as to be slightly absurd. His first act when he burst out of the archway
was to call in a clarion voice down the street: "Are there any
Frenchmen here?" as if he were calling for Christians in Mecca.

Armagnac and Brun instantly stood up; but they were too late.
Men were already running from the street corners; there was a small
but ever-clustering crowd. With the prompt French instinct for
the politics of the streetthe man with the black moustache had already
run across to a corner of the cafesprung on one of the tables
and seizing a branch of chestnut to steady himselfshouted
as Camille Desmoulins once shouted when he scattered the oak-leaves
among the populace.

Frenchmen!he volleyed; "I cannot speak! God help methat is why
I am speaking! The fellows in their filthy parliaments who learn
to speak also learn to be silent--silent as that spy cowering
in the house opposite! Silent as he is when I beat on his bedroom door!
Silent as he is nowthough he hears my voice across this street
and shakes where he sits! Ohthey can be silent eloquently-the
politicians! But the time has come when we that cannot speak
must speak. You are betrayed to the Prussians. Betrayed at this moment.
Betrayed by that man. I am Jules DuboscColonel of ArtilleryBelfort.
We caught a German spy in the Vosges yesterdayand a paper was found
on him--a paper I hold in my hand. Ohthey tried to hush it up;
but I took it direct to the man who wrote it--the man in that house!
It is in his hand. It is signed with his initials. It is a direction
for finding the secret of this new Noiseless Powder. Hirsch invented it;
Hirsch wrote this note about it. This note is in Germanand was found
in a German's pocket. `Tell the man the formula for powder is in
grey envelope in first drawer to the left of Secretary's desk
War Officein red ink. He must be careful. P.H.'"

He rattled short sentences like a quick-firing gunbut he was plainly
the sort of man who is either mad or right. The mass of the crowd
was Nationalistand already in threatening uproar; and a minority
of equally angry Intellectualsled by Armagnac and Brunonly made
the majority more militant.

If this is a military secret,shouted Brunwhy do you yell
about it in the street?

I will tell you why I do!roared Dubosc above the roaring crowd.
I went to this man in straight and civil style. If he had any explanation
it could have been given in complete confidence. He refuses to explain.
He refers me to two strangers in a cafe as to two flunkeys.
He has thrown me out of the house, but I am going back into it,
with the people of Paris behind me!

A shout seemed to shake the very facade of mansions and
two stones flewone breaking a window above the balcony.
The indignant Colonel plunged once more under the archway and was heard
crying and thundering inside. Every instant the human sea grew wider


and wider; it surged up against the rails and steps of the traitor's house;
it was already certain that the place would be burst into like
the Bastillewhen the broken french window opened and Dr Hirsch came out
on the balcony. For an instant the fury half turned to laughter;
for he was an absurd figure in such a scene. His long bare neck and
sloping shoulders were the shape of a champagne bottlebut that was
the only festive thing about him. His coat hung on him as on a peg;
he wore his carrot-coloured hair long and weedy; his cheeks and chin
were fully fringed with one of those irritating beards that begin
far from the mouth. He was very paleand he wore blue spectacles.

Livid as he washe spoke with a sort of prim decision
so that the mob fell silent in the middle of his third sentence.

...only two things to say to you now. The first is to my foes,
the second to my friends. To my foes I say: It is true I will not
meet M. Dubosc, though he is storming outside this very room.
It is true I have asked two other men to confront him for me.
And I will tell you why! Because I will not and must not see him-because
it would be against all rules of dignity and honour to see him.
Before I am triumphantly cleared before a court, there is
another arbitration this gentleman owes me as a gentleman,
and in referring him to my seconds I am strictly--

Armagnac and Brun were waving their hats wildlyand even
the Doctor's enemies roared applause at this unexpected defiance.
Once more a few sentences were inaudiblebut they could hear him say:
To my friends--I myself should always prefer weapons purely intellectual,
and to these an evolved humanity will certainly confine itself.
But our own most precious truth is the fundamental force of matter
and heredity. My books are successful; my theories are unrefuted;
but I suffer in politics from a prejudice almost physical in the French.
I cannot speak like Clemenceau and Deroulede, for their words are like
echoes of their pistols. The French ask for a duellist as the English
ask for a sportsman. Well, I give my proofs: I will pay
this barbaric bribe, and then go back to reason for the rest of my life.

Two men were instantly found in the crowd itself to offer
their services to Colonel Duboscwho came out presentlysatisfied.
One was the common soldier with the coffeewho said simply:
I will act for you, sir. I am the Duc de Valognes.The other was
the big manwhom his friend the priest sought at first to dissuade;
and then walked away alone.

In the early evening a light dinner was spread at the back of
the Cafe Charlemagne. Though unroofed by any glass or gilt plaster
the guests were nearly all under a delicate and irregular roof of leaves;
for the ornamental trees stood so thick around and among the tables
as to give something of the dimness and the dazzle of a small orchard.
At one of the central tables a very stumpy little priest sat
in complete solitudeand applied himself to a pile of whitebait
with the gravest sort of enjoyment. His daily living being very plain
he had a peculiar taste for sudden and isolated luxuries; he was
an abstemious epicure. He did not lift his eyes from his plate
round which red pepperlemonsbrown bread and butteretc.
were rigidly rankeduntil a tall shadow fell across the table
and his friend Flambeau sat down opposite. Flambeau was gloomy.

I'm afraid I must chuck this business,said he heavily.
I'm all on the side of the French soldiers like Dubosc,
and I'm all against the French atheists like Hirsch; but it seems to me
in this case we've made a mistake. The Duke and I thought it as well
to investigate the charge, and I must say I'm glad we did.


Is the paper a forgery, then?asked the priest

That's just the odd thing,replied Flambeau. "It's exactly like
Hirsch's writingand nobody can point out any mistake in it.
But it wasn't written by Hirsch. If he's a French patriot
he didn't write itbecause it gives information to Germany.
And if he's a German spy he didn't write itwell--because it doesn't
give information to Germany."

You mean the information is wrong?asked Father Brown.

Wrong,replied the otherand wrong exactly where Dr Hirsch
would have been right--about the hiding-place of his own secret formula
in his own official department. By favour of Hirsch and the authorities,
the Duke and I have actually been allowed to inspect the secret drawer
at the War Office where the Hirsch formula is kept. We are the only people
who have ever known it, except the inventor himself and the Minister
for War; but the Minister permitted it to save Hirsch from fighting.
After that we really can't support Dubosc if his revelation
is a mare's nest.

And it is?asked Father Brown.

It is,said his friend gloomily. "It is a clumsy forgery
by somebody who knew nothing of the real hiding-place. It says the paper
is in the cupboard on the right of the Secretary's desk. As a fact
the cupboard with the secret drawer is some way to the left of the desk.
It says the grey envelope contains a long document written in red ink.
It isn't written in red inkbut in ordinary black ink.
It's manifestly absurd to say that Hirsch can have made a mistake
about a paper that nobody knew of but himself; or can have tried
to help a foreign thief by telling him to fumble in the wrong drawer.
I think we must chuck it up and apologize to old Carrots."

Father Brown seemed to cogitate; he lifted a little whitebait
on his fork. "You are sure the grey envelope was in the left cupboard?"
he asked.

Positive,replied Flambeau. "The grey envelope-it
was a white envelope really--was--"

Father Brown put down the small silver fish and the fork and
stared across at his companion. "What?" he askedin an altered voice.

Well, what?repeated Flambeaueating heartily.

It was not grey,said the priest. "Flambeauyou frighten me."

What the deuce are you frightened of?

I'm frightened of a white envelope,said the other seriously
If it had only just been grey! Hang it all, it might as well
have been grey. But if it was white, the whole business is black.
The Doctor has been dabbling in some of the old brimstone after all.

But I tell you he couldn't have written such a note!
cried Flambeau. "The note is utterly wrong about the facts.
And innocent or guiltyDr Hirsch knew all about the facts."

The man who wrote that note knew all about the facts,
said his clerical companion soberly. "He could never have
got 'em so wrong without knowing about 'em. You have to know
an awful lot to be wrong on every subject--like the devil."


Do you mean--?

I mean a man telling lies on chance would have told some of the truth,
said his friend firmly. "Suppose someone sent you to find a house
with a green door and a blue blindwith a front garden but no back garden
with a dog but no catand where they drank coffee but not tea.
You would say if you found no such house that it was all made up.
But I say no. I say if you found a house where the door was blue and
the blind greenwhere there was a back garden and no front garden
where cats were common and dogs instantly shotwhere tea was drunk
in quarts and coffee forbidden--then you would know you had
found the house. The man must have known that particular house
to be so accurately inaccurate."

But what could it mean?demanded the diner opposite.

I can't conceive,said Brown; "I don't understand this Hirsch
affair at all. As long as it was only the left drawer instead of
the rightand red ink instead of blackI thought it must be the
chance blunders of a forgeras you say. But three is a mystical number;
it finishes things. It finishes this. That the direction about
the drawerthe colour of inkthe colour of envelopeshould none of
them be right by accidentthat can't be a coincidence. It wasn't."

What was it, then? Treason?asked Flambeauresuming his dinner.

I don't know that either,answered Brownwith a face
of blank bewilderment. "The only thing I can think of....
WellI never understood that Dreyfus case. I can always grasp
moral evidence easier than the other sorts. I go by a man's eyes and voice
don't you knowand whether his family seems happyand by what
subjects he chooses--and avoids. WellI was puzzled in the Dreyfus case.
Not by the horrible things imputed both ways; I know (though it's not
modern to say so) that human nature in the highest places is still capable
of being Cenci or Borgia. No--what puzzled me was the sincerity
of both parties. I don't mean the political parties; the rank and file
are always roughly honestand often duped. I mean the persons
of the play. I mean the conspiratorsif they were conspirators.
I mean the traitorif he was a traitor. I mean the men who must have
known the truth. Now Dreyfus went on like a man who knew he was
a wronged man. And yet the French statesmen and soldiers went on
as if they knew he wasn't a wronged man but simply a wrong 'un.
I don't mean they behaved well; I mean they behaved as if they were sure.
I can't describe these things; I know what I mean."

I wish I did,said his friend. "And what has it to do
with old Hirsch?"

Suppose a person in a position of trust,went on the priest
began to give the enemy information because it was false information.
Suppose he even thought he was saving his country by misleading the foreigner.
Suppose this brought him into spy circles, and little loans were made to him,
and little ties tied on to him. Suppose he kept up his contradictory
position in a confused way by never telling the foreign spies the truth,
but letting it more and more be guessed. The better part of him
(what was left of it) would still say: `I have not helped the enemy;
I said it was the left drawer.' The meaner part of him would already
be saying: `But they may have the sense to see that means the right.'
I think it is psychologically possible--in an enlightened age, you know.

It may be psychologically possible,answered Flambeau
and it certainly would explain Dreyfus being certain he was wronged
and his judges being sure he was guilty. But it won't wash historically,
because Dreyfus's document (if it was his document) was literally correct.


I wasn't thinking of Dreyfus,said Father Brown.

Silence had sunk around them with the emptying of the tables;
it was already latethough the sunlight still clung to everything
as if accidentally entangled in the trees. In the stillness Flambeau
shifted his seat sharply--making an isolated and echoing noise-and
threw his elbow over the angle of it. "Well he said, rather harshly,
if Hirsch is not better than a timid treason-monger..."

You mustn't be too hard on them,said Father Brown gently.
It's not entirely their fault; but they have no instincts.
I mean those things that make a woman refuse to dance with a man
or a man to touch an investment. They've been taught that
it's all a matter of degree.

Anyhow,cried Flambeau impatientlyhe's not a patch
on my principal; and I shall go through with it. Old Dubosc may be
a bit mad, but he's a sort of patriot after all.

Father Brown continued to consume whitebait.

Something in the stolid way he did so caused Flambeau's
fierce black eyes to ramble over his companion afresh. "What's the matter
with you?" Flambeau demanded. "Dubosc's all right in that way.
You don't doubt him?"

My friend,said the small priestlaying down his knife and fork
in a kind of cold despairI doubt everything. Everything, I mean,
that has happened today. I doubt the whole story, though it has been
acted before my face. I doubt every sight that my eyes have seen
since morning. There is something in this business quite different
from the ordinary police mystery where one man is more or less lying
and the other man more or less telling the truth. Here both men....
Well! I've told you the only theory I can think of that could
satisfy anybody. It doesn't satisfy me.

Nor me either,replied Flambeau frowningwhile the other
went on eating fish with an air of entire resignation. "If all you
can suggest is that notion of a message conveyed by contraries
I call it uncommonly cleverbut...wellwhat would you call it?"

I should call it thin,said the priest promptly.
I should call it uncommonly thin. But that's the queer thing
about the whole business. The lie is like a schoolboy's.
There are only three versions, Dubosc's and Hirsch's and that fancy of mine.
Either that note was written by a French officer to ruin a French official;
or it was written by the French official to help German officers;
or it was written by the French official to mislead German officers.
Very well. You'd expect a secret paper passing between such people,
officials or officers, to look quite different from that.
You'd expect, probably a cipher, certainly abbreviations;
most certainly scientific and strictly professional terms.
But this thing's elaborately simple, like a penny dreadful:
`In the purple grotto you will find the golden casket.' It looks as if...
as if it were meant to be seen through at once.

Almost before they could take it in a short figure in French uniform
had walked up to their table like the windand sat down
with a sort of thump.

I have extraordinary news,said the Duc de Valognes.
I have just come from this Colonel of ours. He is packing up
to leave the country, and he asks us to make his excuses sur le terrain.


What?cried Flambeauwith an incredulity quite frightful-"
apologize?"

Yes,said the Duke gruffly; "then and there--before everybody-when
the swords are drawn. And you and I have to do it while
he is leaving the country."

But what can this mean?cried Flambeau. "He can't be afraid of
that little Hirsch! Confound it!" he criedin a kind of rational rage;
nobody could be afraid of Hirsch!

I believe it's some plot!snapped Valognes--"some plot of
the Jews and Freemasons. It's meant to work up glory for Hirsch..."

The face of Father Brown was commonplacebut curiously contented;
it could shine with ignorance as well as with knowledge.
But there was always one flash when the foolish mask fell
and the wise mask fitted itself in its place; and Flambeau
who knew his friendknew that his friend had suddenly understood.
Brown said nothingbut finished his plate of fish.

Where did you last see our precious Colonel?asked Flambeau
irritably.

He's round at the Hotel Saint Louis by the Elysee,
where we drove with him. He's packing up, I tell you.

Will he be there still, do you think?asked Flambeau
frowning at the table.

I don't think he can get away yet,replied the Duke;
he's packing to go a long journey...

No,said Father Brownquite simplybut suddenly standing up
for a very short journey. For one of the shortest, in fact.
But we may still be in time to catch him if we go there in a motor-cab.

Nothing more could be got out of him until the cab swept
round the corner by the Hotel Saint Louiswhere they got out
and he led the party up a side lane already in deep shadow with
the growing dusk. Oncewhen the Duke impatiently asked whether
Hirsch was guilty of treason or nothe answered rather absently:
No; only of ambition--like Caesar.Then he somewhat inconsequently added:
He lives a very lonely life; he has had to do everything for himself.

Well, if he's ambitious, he ought to be satisfied now,
said Flambeau rather bitterly. "All Paris will cheer him
now our cursed Colonel has turned tail."

Don't talk so loud,said Father Brownlowering his voice
your cursed Colonel is just in front.

The other two started and shrank farther back into the shadow
of the wallfor the sturdy figure of their runaway principal
could indeed be seen shuffling along in the twilight in front
a bag in each hand. He looked much the same as when they first saw him
except that he had changed his picturesque mountaineering knickers
for a conventional pair of trousers. It was clear he was already
escaping from the hotel.

The lane down which they followed him was one of those that
seem to be at the back of thingsand look like the wrong side
of the stage scenery. A colourlesscontinuous wall ran down


one flank of itinterrupted at intervals by dull-hued and
dirt-stained doorsall shut fast and featureless save for
the chalk scribbles of some passing gamin. The tops of trees
mostly rather depressing evergreensshowed at intervals over
the top of the walland beyond them in the grey and purple gloaming
could be seen the back of some long terrace of tall Parisian houses
really comparatively closebut somehow looking as inaccessible
as a range of marble mountains. On the other side of the lane ran
the high gilt railings of a gloomy park.

Flambeau was looking round him in rather a weird way.
Do you know,he saidthere is something about this place that--

Hullo!called out the Duke sharply; "that fellow's disappeared.
Vanishedlike a blasted fairy!"

He has a key,explained their clerical friend. "He's only gone
into one of these garden doors and as he spoke they heard one of
the dull wooden doors close again with a click in front of them.

Flambeau strode up to the door thus shut almost in his face,
and stood in front of it for a moment, biting his black moustache
in a fury of curiosity. Then he threw up his long arms and
swung himself aloft like a monkey and stood on the top of the wall,
his enormous figure dark against the purple sky, like the dark tree-tops.

The Duke looked at the priest. Dubosc's escape is
more elaborate than we thought he said; but I suppose he is
escaping from France."

He is escaping from everywhere,answered Father Brown.

Valognes's eyes brightenedbut his voice sank. "Do you mean
suicide?" he asked.

You will not find his body,replied the other.

A kind of cry came from Flambeau on the wall above.
My God,he exclaimed in FrenchI know what this place is now!
Why, it's the back of the street where old Hirsch lives. I thought
I could recognize the back of a house as well as the back of a man.

And Dubosc's gone in there!cried the Dukesmiting his hip.
Why, they'll meet after all!And with sudden Gallic vivacity
he hopped up on the wall beside Flambeau and sat there positively
kicking his legs with excitement. The priest alone remained below
leaning against the wallwith his back to the whole theatre of events
and looking wistfully across to the park palings and the twinkling
twilit trees.

The Dukehowever stimulatedhad the instincts of an aristocrat
and desired rather to stare at the house than to spy on it;
but Flambeauwho had the instincts of a burglar (and a detective)
had already swung himself from the wall into the fork of a straggling tree
from which he could crawl quite close to the only illuminated window
in the back of the high dark house. A red blind had been pulled down
over the lightbut pulled crookedlyso that it gaped on one side
and by risking his neck along a branch that looked as treacherous
as a twigFlambeau could just see Colonel Dubosc walking about
in a brilliantly-lighted and luxurious bedroom. But close as Flambeau was
to the househe heard the words of his colleagues by the wall
and repeated them in a low voice.

Yes, they will meet now after all!


They will never meet,said Father Brown. "Hirsch was right
when he said that in such an affair the principals must not meet.
Have you read a queer psychological story by Henry James
of two persons who so perpetually missed meeting each other by accident
that they began to feel quite frightened of each otherand to think
it was fate? This is something of the kindbut more curious."

There are people in Paris who will cure them of such morbid fancies,
said Valognes vindictively. "They will jolly well have to meet
if we capture them and force them to fight."

They will not meet on the Day of Judgement,said the priest.
If God Almighty held the truncheon of the lists, if St Michael
blew the trumpet for the swords to cross--even then, if one of them
stood ready, the other would not come.

Oh, what does all this mysticism mean?cried the Duc de Valognes
impatiently; "why on earth shouldn't they meet like other people?"

They are the opposite of each other,said Father Brown
with a queer kind of smile. "They contradict each other.
They cancel outso to speak."

He continued to gaze at the darkening trees oppositebut Valognes
turned his head sharply at a suppressed exclamation from Flambeau.
That investigatorpeering into the lighted roomhad just seen
the Colonelafter a pace or twoproceed to take his coat off.
Flambeau's first thought was that this really looked like a fight;
but he soon dropped the thought for another. The solidity and
squareness of Dubosc's chest and shoulders was all a powerful piece
of padding and came off with his coat. In his shirt and trousers
he was a comparatively slim gentlemanwho walked across the bedroom to
the bathroom with no more pugnacious purpose than that of washing himself.
He bent over a basindried his dripping hands and face on a towel
and turned again so that the strong light fell on his face.
His brown complexion had gonehis big black moustache had gone;
he--was clean-shaven and very pate. Nothing remained of the Colonel
but his brighthawk-likebrown eyes. Under the wall Father Brown
was going on in heavy meditationas if to himself.

It is all just like what I was saying to Flambeau.
These opposites won't do. They don't work. They don't fight.
If it's white instead of black, and solid instead of liquid,
and so on all along the line--then there's something wrong, Monsieur,
there's something wrong. One of these men is fair and the other dark,
one stout and the other slim, one strong and the other weak.
One has a moustache and no beard, so you can't see his mouth;
the other has a beard and no moustache, so you can't see his chin.
One has hair cropped to his skull, but a scarf to hide his neck;
the other has low shirt-collars, but long hair to bide his skull.
It's all too neat and correct, Monsieur, and there's something wrong.
Things made so opposite are things that cannot quarrel.
Wherever the one sticks out the other sinks in. Like a face and a mask,
like a lock and a key...

Flambeau was peering into the house with a visage as white as a sheet.
The occupant of the room was standing with his back to him
but in front of a looking-glassand had already fitted round his face
a sort of framework of rank red hairhanging disordered from the head and
clinging round the jaws and chin while leaving the mocking mouth uncovered.
Seen thus in the glass the white face looked like the face of Judas
laughing horribly and surrounded by capering flames of hell.
For a spasm Flambeau saw the fiercered-brown eyes dancing


then they were covered with a pair of blue spectacles. Slipping on
a loose black coatthe figure vanished towards the front of the house.
A few moments later a roar of popular applause from the street beyond
announced that Dr Hirsch had once more appeared upon the balcony.

FOUR

The Man in the Passage

TWO men appeared simultaneously at the two ends of a sort of passage
running along the side of the Apollo Theatre in the Adelphi.
The evening daylight in the streets was large and luminous
opalescent and empty. The passage was comparatively long and dark
so each man could see the other as a mere black silhouette at the other end.
Neverthelesseach man knew the othereven in that inky outline;
for they were both men of striking appearance and they hated each other.


The covered passage opened at one end on one of the steep streets
of the Adelphiand at the other on a terrace overlooking
the sunset-coloured river. One side of the passage was a blank wall
for the building it supported was an old unsuccessful theatre restaurant
now shut up. The other side of the passage contained two doors
one at each end. Neither was what was commonly called the stage door;
they were a sort of special and private stage doors used by
very special performersand in this case by the star actor
and actress in the Shakespearean performance of the day.
Persons of that eminence often like to have such private exits
and entrancesfor meeting friends or avoiding them.

The two men in question were certainly two such friends
men who evidently knew the doors and counted on their opening
for each approached the door at the upper end with equal coolness
and confidence. Nothoweverwith equal speed; but the man
who walked fast was the man from the other end of the tunnel
so they both arrived before the secret stage door almost at
the same instant. They saluted each other with civility
and waited a moment before one of themthe sharper walker
who seemed to have the shorter patienceknocked at the door.

In this and everything else each man was opposite and neither
could be called inferior. As private persons both were handsome
capable and popular. As public personsboth were in the first public rank.
But everything about themfrom their glory to their good looks
was of a diverse and incomparable kind. Sir Wilson Seymour was
the kind of man whose importance is known to everybody who knows.
The more you mixed with the innermost ring in every polity or profession
the more often you met Sir Wilson Seymour. He was the one intelligent man
on twenty unintelligent committees--on every sort of subject
from the reform of the Royal Academy to the project of bimetallism
for Greater Britain. In the Arts especially he was omnipotent.
He was so unique that nobody could quite decide whether he was
a great aristocrat who had taken up Artor a great artist whom
the aristocrats had taken up. But you could not meet him for five minutes
without realizing that you had really been ruled by him all your life.

His appearance was "distinguished" in exactly the same sense;
it was at once conventional and unique. Fashion could have found no fault
with his high silk hat--yet it was unlike anyone else's hat-a
little higherperhapsand adding something to his natural height.


His tallslender figure had a slight stoop yet it looked
the reverse of feeble. His hair was silver-greybut he did not look old;
it was worn longer than the common yet he did not look effeminate;
it was curly but it did not look curled. His carefully pointed beard
made him look more manly and militant than otherwiseas it does in those
old admirals of Velazquez with whose dark portraits his house was hung.
His grey gloves were a shade bluerhis silver-knobbed cane a shade longer
than scores of such gloves and canes flapped and flourished about
the theatres and the restaurants.

The other man was not so tallyet would have struck nobody as short
but merely as strong and handsome. His hair also was curly
but fair and cropped close to a strongmassive head--the sort of head
you break a door withas Chaucer said of the Miller's.
His military moustache and the carriage of his shoulders
showed him a soldierbut he had a pair of those peculiar frank
and piercing blue eyes which are more common in sailors.
His face was somewhat squarehis jaw was squarehis shoulders
were squareeven his jacket was square. Indeedin the wild school
of caricature then currentMr Max Beerbohm had represented him as
a proposition in the fourth book of Euclid.

For he also was a public manthough with quite another
sort of success. You did not have to be in the best society
to have heard of Captain Cutlerof the siege of Hong-Kong
and the great march across China. You could not get away from
hearing of him wherever you were; his portrait was on every other postcard;
his maps and battles in every other illustrated paper; songs in his honour
in every other music-hall turn or on every other barrel-organ.
His famethough probably more temporarywas ten times more wide
popular and spontaneous than the other man's. In thousands of
English homes he appeared enormous above Englandlike Nelson.
Yet he had infinitely less power in England than Sir Wilson Seymour.

The door was opened to them by an aged servant or "dresser"
whose broken-down face and figure and black shabby coat and trousers
contrasted queerly with the glittering interior of the great actress's
dressing-room. It was fitted and filled with looking-glasses
at every angle of refractionso that they looked like the hundred facets
of one huge diamond--if one could get inside a diamond.
The other features of luxurya few flowersa few coloured cushions
a few scraps of stage costumewere multiplied by all the mirrors into
the madness of the Arabian Nightsand danced and changed places
perpetually as the shuffling attendant shifted a mirror outwards
or shot one back against the wall.

They both spoke to the dingy dresser by namecalling him Parkinson
and asking for the lady as Miss Aurora Rome. Parkinson said she was
in the other roombut he would go and tell her. A shade crossed the brow
of both visitors; for the other room was the private room of
the great actor with whom Miss Aurora was performingand she was
of the kind that does not inflame admiration without inflaming jealousy.
In about half a minutehoweverthe inner door openedand she entered
as she always dideven in private lifeso that the very silence
seemed to be a roar of applauseand one well-deserved.
She was clad in a somewhat strange garb of peacock green and
peacock blue satinsthat gleamed like blue and green metals
such as delight children and aesthetesand her heavyhot brown hair
framed one of those magic faces which are dangerous to all men
but especially to boys and to men growing grey. In company with
her male colleaguethe great American actorIsidore Bruno
she was producing a particularly poetical and fantastic interpretation
of Midsummer Night's Dream: in which the artistic prominence was given
to Oberon and Titaniaor in other words to Bruno and herself.


Set in dreamy and exquisite sceneryand moving in mystical dances
the green costumelike burnished beetle-wingsexpressed all the
elusive individuality of an elfin queen. But when personally confronted
in what was still broad daylighta man looked only at the woman's face.

She greeted both men with the beaming and baffling smile
which kept so many males at the same just dangerous distance from her.
She accepted some flowers from Cutlerwhich were as tropical and expensive
as his victories; and another sort of present from Sir Wilson Seymour
offered later on and more nonchalantly by that gentleman.
For it was against his breeding to show eagernessand against his
conventional unconventionality to give anything so obvious as flowers.
He had picked up a triflehe saidwhich was rather a curiosity
it was an ancient Greek dagger of the Mycenaean Epochand might well
have been worn in the time of Theseus and Hippolyta. It was made of brass
like all the Heroic weaponsbutoddly enoughsharp enough
to prick anyone still. He had really been attracted to it by
the leaf-like shape; it was as perfect as a Greek vase.
If it was of any interest to Miss Rome or could come in anywhere
in the playhe hoped she would-


The inner door burst open and a big figure appearedwho was
more of a contrast to the explanatory Seymour than even Captain Cutler.
Nearly six-foot-sixand of more than theatrical thews and muscles
Isidore Brunoin the gorgeous leopard skin and golden-brown garments
of Oberonlooked like a barbaric god. He leaned on a sort of
hunting-spearwhich across a theatre looked a slightsilvery wand
but which in the small and comparatively crowded room looked as plain as
a pike-staff--and as menacing. His vivid black eyes rolled volcanically
his bronzed facehandsome as it wasshowed at that moment
a combination of high cheekbones with set white teethwhich recalled
certain American conjectures about his origin in the Southern plantations.

Aurora,he beganin that deep voice like a drum of passion
that had moved so many audienceswill you--

He stopped indecisively because a sixth figure had suddenly
presented itself just inside the doorway--a figure so incongruous
in the scene as to be almost comic. It was a very short man in
the black uniform of the Roman secular clergyand looking
(especially in such a presence as Bruno's and Aurora's) rather like
the wooden Noah out of an ark. He did nothoweverseem conscious
of any contrastbut said with dull civility: "I believe Miss Rome
sent for me."

A shrewd observer might have remarked that the emotional temperature
rather rose at so unemotional an interruption. The detachment of
a professional celibate seemed to reveal to the others that they
stood round the woman as a ring of amorous rivals; just as a stranger
coming in with frost on his coat will reveal that a room is like a furnace.
The presence of the one man who did not care about her
increased Miss Rome's sense that everybody else was in love with her
and each in a somewhat dangerous way: the actor with all the appetite
of a savage and a spoilt child; the soldier with all the simple selfishness
of a man of will rather than mind; Sir Wilson with that daily hardening
concentration with which old Hedonists take to a hobby; nay
even the abject Parkinsonwho had known her before her triumphs
and who followed her about the room with eyes or feet
with the dumb fascination of a dog.

A shrewd person might also have noted a yet odder thing.
The man like a black wooden Noah (who was not wholly without shrewdness)
noted it with a considerable but contained amusement. It was evident
that the great Aurorathough by no means indifferent to the admiration


of the other sexwanted at this moment to get rid of all the men
who admired her and be left alone with the man who did not-did
not admire her in that sense at least; for the little priest
did admire and even enjoy the firm feminine diplomacy with which
she set about her task. There wasperhapsonly one thing
that Aurora Rome was clever aboutand that was one half of humanity-the
other half. The little priest watchedlike a Napoleonic campaign
the swift precision of her policy for expelling all while banishing none.
Brunothe big actorwas so babyish that it was easy to send him off
in brute sulksbanging the door. Cutlerthe British officer
was pachydermatous to ideasbut punctilious about behaviour.
He would ignore all hintsbut he would die rather than
ignore a definite commission from a lady. As to old Seymour
he had to be treated differently; he had to be left to the last.
The only way to move him was to appeal to him in confidence as an old
friendto let him into the secret of the clearance. The priest did
really admire Miss Rome as she achieved all these three objects
in one selected action.

She went across to Captain Cutler and said in her sweetest manner:
I shall value all these flowers, because they must be your
favourite flowers. But they won't be complete, you know,
without my favourite flower. Do go over to that shop round the corner
and get me some lilies-of-the-valley, and then it will be quite lovely.

The first object of her diplomacythe exit of the enraged Bruno
was at once achieved. He had already handed his spear in a lordly style
like a sceptreto the piteous Parkinsonand was about to assume
one of the cushioned seats like a throne. But at this open appeal to
his rival there glowed in his opal eyeballs all the sensitive insolence
of the slave; he knotted his enormous brown fists for an instant
and thendashing open the doordisappeared into his own apartments beyond.
But meanwhile Miss Rome's experiment in mobilizing the British Army
had not succeeded so simply as seemed probable. Cutler had indeed
risen stiffly and suddenlyand walked towards the doorhatless
as if at a word of command. But perhaps there was something
ostentatiously elegant about the languid figure of Seymour leaning against
one of the looking-glasses that brought him up short at the entrance
turning his head this way and that like a bewildered bulldog.

I must show this stupid man where to go,said Aurora
in a whisper to Seymourand ran out to the threshold to speed
the parting guest.

Seymour seemed to be listeningelegant and unconscious
as was his postureand he seemed relieved when he heard the lady call out
some last instructions to the Captainand then turn sharply
and run laughing down the passage towards the other end
the end on the terrace above the Thames. Yet a second or two after
Seymour's brow darkened again. A man in his position has so many rivals
and he remembered that at the other end of the passage was
the corresponding entrance to Bruno's private room. He did not
lose his dignity; he said some civil words to Father Brown
about the revival of Byzantine architecture in the Westminster Cathedral
and thenquite naturallystrolled out himself into the upper end
of the passage. Father Brown and Parkinson were left alone
and they were neither of them men with a taste for superfluous conversation.
The dresser went round the roompulling out looking-glasses
and pushing them in againhis dingy dark coat and trousers looking
all the more dismal since he was still holding the festive fairy spear
of King Oberon. Every time he pulled out the frame of a new glass
a new black figure of Father Brown appeared; the absurd glass chamber
was full of Father Brownsupside down in the air like angels
turning somersaults like acrobatsturning their backs to everybody


like very rude persons.

Father Brown seemed quite unconscious of this cloud of witnesses
but followed Parkinson with an idly attentive eye till he took himself
and his absurd spear into the farther room of Bruno. Then he abandoned
himself to such abstract meditations as always amused him-calculating
the angles of the mirrorsthe angles of each refraction
the angle at which each must fit into the wall...when he heard
a strong but strangled cry.

He sprang to his feet and stood rigidly listening.
At the same instant Sir Wilson Seymour burst back into the room
white as ivory. "Who's that man in the passage?" he cried.
Where's that dagger of mine?

Before Father Brown could turn in his heavy boots Seymour was
plunging about the room looking for the weapon. And before he could
possibly find that weapon or any othera brisk running of feet
broke upon the pavement outsideand the square face of Cutler
was thrust into the same doorway. He was still grotesquely grasping
a bunch of lilies-of-the-valley. "What's this?" he cried.
What's that creature down the passage? Is this some of your tricks?

My tricks!hissed his pale rivaland made a stride towards him.

In the instant of time in which all this happened Father Brown
stepped out into the top of the passagelooked down it
and at once walked briskly towards what he saw.

At this the other two men dropped their quarrel and darted after him
Cutler calling out: "What are you doing? Who are you?"

My name is Brown,said the priest sadlyas he bent over something
and straightened himself again. "Miss Rome sent for me
and I came as quickly as I could. I have come too late."

The three men looked downand in one of them at least
the life died in that late light of afternoon. It ran along
the passage like a path of goldand in the midst of it Aurora Rome lay
lustrous in her robes of green and goldwith her dead face
turned upwards. Her dress was torn away as in a struggle
leaving the right shoulder barebut the wound from which
the blood was welling was on the other side. The brass dagger
lay flat and gleaming a yard or so away.

There was a blank stillness for a measurable timeso that
they could hear far off a flower-girl's laugh outside Charing Cross
and someone whistling furiously for a taxicab in one of the streets
off the Strand. Then the Captainwith a movement so sudden that it
might have been passion or play-actingtook Sir Wilson Seymour by the
throat.

Seymour looked at him steadily without either fight or fear.
You need not kill me,he said in a voice quite cold; "I shall do
that on my own account."

The Captain's hand hesitated and dropped; and the other added
with the same icy candour: "If I find I haven't the nerve
to do it with that dagger I can do it in a month with drink."

Drink isn't good enough for me,replied Cutlerbut I'll have
blood for this before I die. Not yours--but I think I know whose.

And before the others could appreciate his intention


he snatched up the daggersprang at the other door at the lower end
of the passageburst it openbolt and alland confronted Bruno
in his dressing-room. As he did soold Parkinson tottered
in his wavering way out of the door and caught sight of the corpse
lying in the passage. He moved shakily towards it; looked at it weakly
with a working face; then moved shakily back into the dressing-room again
and sat down suddenly on one of the richly cushioned chairs.
Father Brown instantly ran across to himtaking no notice of Cutler
and the colossal actorthough the room already rang with their blows
and they began to struggle for the dagger. Seymourwho retained some
practical sensewas whistling for the police at the end of the passage.

When the police arrived it was to tear the two men
from an almost ape-like grapple; andafter a few formal inquiries
to arrest Isidore Bruno upon a charge of murderbrought against him
by his furious opponent. The idea that the great national hero of the hour
had arrested a wrongdoer with his own hand doubtless had its weight
with the policewho are not without elements of the journalist.
They treated Cutler with a certain solemn attentionand pointed out
that he had got a slight slash on the hand. Even as Cutler
bore him back across tilted chair and tableBruno had twisted
the dagger out of his grasp and disabled him just below the wrist.
The injury was really slightbut till he was removed from the room
the half-savage prisoner stared at the running blood with a steady smile.

Looks a cannibal sort of chap, don't he?said the constable
confidentially to Cutler.

Cutler made no answerbut said sharply a moment after:
We must attend to the...the death...and his voice escaped
from articulation.

The two deaths,came in the voice of the priest from
the farther side of the room. "This poor fellow was gone
when I got across to him." And he stood looking down at old Parkinson
who sat in a black huddle on the gorgeous chair. He also had
paid his tributenot without eloquenceto the woman who had died.

The silence was first broken by Cutlerwho seemed not untouched
by a rough tenderness. "I wish I was him he said huskily.
I remember he used to watch her wherever she walked more than--anybody.
She was his airand he's dried up. He's just dead."

We are all dead,said Seymour in a strange voice
looking down the road.

They took leave of Father Brown at the corner of the road
with some random apologies for any rudeness they might have shown.
Both their faces were tragicbut also cryptic.

The mind of the little priest was always a rabbit-warren
of wild thoughts that jumped too quickly for him to catch them.
Like the white tail of a rabbit he had the vanishing thought that
he was certain of their griefbut not so certain of their innocence.

We had better all be going,said Seymour heavily; "we have done
all we can to help."

Will you understand my motives,asked Father Brown quietly
if I say you have done all you can to hurt?

They both started as if guiltilyand Cutler said sharply:
To hurt whom?


To hurt yourselves,answered the priest. "I would not
add to your troubles if it weren't common justice to warn you.
You've done nearly everything you could do to hang yourselves
if this actor should be acquitted. They'll be sure to subpoena me;
I shall be bound to say that after the cry was heard each of you
rushed into the room in a wild state and began quarrelling about a dagger.
As far as my words on oath can goyou might either of you have done it.
You hurt yourselves with that; and then Captain Cutler must have
hurt himself with the dagger."

Hurt myself!exclaimed the Captainwith contempt.
A silly little scratch.

Which drew blood,replied the priestnodding. "We know there's
blood on the brass now. And so we shall never know whether there was
blood on it before."

There was a silence; and then Seymour saidwith an emphasis
quite alien to his daily accent: "But I saw a man in the passage."

I know you did,answered the cleric Brown with a face of wood
so did Captain Cutler. That's what seems so improbable.

Before either could make sufficient sense of it even to answer
Father Brown had politely excused himself and gone stumping
up the road with his stumpy old umbrella.

As modern newspapers are conductedthe most honest
and most important news is the police news. If it be true that
in the twentieth century more space is given to murder than to politics
it is for the excellent reason that murder is a more serious subject.
But even this would hardly explain the enormous omnipresence and
widely distributed detail of "The Bruno Case or The Passage Mystery
in the Press of London and the provinces. So vast was the excitement
that for some weeks the Press really told the truth; and the reports
of examination and cross-examination, if interminable,
even if intolerable are at least reliable. The true reason,
of course, was the coincidence of persons. The victim was
a popular actress; the accused was a popular actor; and the accused
had been caught red-handed, as it were, by the most popular soldier
of the patriotic season. In those extraordinary circumstances
the Press was paralysed into probity and accuracy; and the rest of this
somewhat singular business can practically be recorded from reports
of Bruno's trial.

The trial was presided over by Mr Justice Monkhouse,
one of those who are jeered at as humorous judges, but who are generally
much more serious than the serious judges, for their levity comes from
a living impatience of professional solemnity; while the serious judge
is really filled with frivolity, because he is filled with vanity.
All the chief actors being of a worldly importance, the barristers
were well balanced; the prosecutor for the Crown was Sir Walter Cowdray,
a heavy, but weighty advocate of the sort that knows how to seem
English and trustworthy, and how to be rhetorical with reluctance.
The prisoner was defended by Mr Patrick Butler, K.C., who was mistaken
for a mere flaneur by those who misunderstood the Irish character-and
those who had not been examined by him. The medical evidence
involved no contradictions, the doctor, whom Seymour had summoned
on the spot, agreeing with the eminent surgeon who had later
examined the body. Aurora Rome had been stabbed with some sharp instrument
such as a knife or dagger; some instrument, at least, of which
the blade was short. The wound was just over the heart, and she had
died instantly. When the doctor first saw her she could hardly
have been dead for twenty minutes. Therefore when Father Brown


found her she could hardly have been dead for three.

Some official detective evidence followed, chiefly concerned with
the presence or absence of any proof of a struggle; the only suggestion
of this was the tearing of the dress at the shoulder, and this did not seem
to fit in particularly well with the direction and finality of the blow.
When these details had been supplied, though not explained,
the first of the important witnesses was called.

Sir Wilson Seymour gave evidence as he did everything else
that he did at all--not only well, but perfectly. Though himself
much more of a public man than the judge, he conveyed exactly
the fine shade of self-effacement before the King's justice;
and though everyone looked at him as they would at the Prime Minister
or the Archbishop of Canterbury, they could have said nothing
of his part in it but that it was that of a private gentleman,
with an accent on the noun. He was also refreshingly lucid,
as he was on the committees. He had been calling on Miss Rome
at the theatre; he had met Captain Cutler there; they had been joined
for a short time by the accused, who had then returned to his
own dressing-room; they had then been joined by a Roman Catholic priest,
who asked for the deceased lady and said his name was Brown.
Miss Rome had then gone just outside the theatre to the entrance
of the passage, in order to point out to Captain Cutler a flower-shop
at which he was to buy her some more flowers; and the witness
had remained in the room, exchanging a few words with the priest.
He had then distinctly heard the deceased, having sent the Captain
on his errand, turn round laughing and run down the passage
towards its other end, where was the prisoner's dressing-room.
In idle curiosity as to the rapid movement of his friends,
he had strolled out to the head of the passage himself and looked down it
towards the prisoner's door. Did he see anything in the passage?
Yes; he saw something in the passage.

Sir Walter Cowdray allowed an impressive interval,
during which the witness looked down, and for all his usual composure
seemed to have more than his usual pallor. Then the barrister said
in a lower voice, which seemed at once sympathetic and creepy:
Did you see it distinctly?"

Sir Wilson Seymourhowever movedhad his excellent brains
in full working-order. "Very distinctly as regards its outline
but quite indistinctlyindeed not at allas regards the details
inside the outline. The passage is of such length that anyone in
the middle of it appears quite black against the light at the other end."
The witness lowered his steady eyes once more and added:
I had noticed the fact before, when Captain Cutler first entered it.
There was another silenceand the judge leaned forward and made a note.

Well,said Sir Walter patientlywhat was the outline like?
Was it, for instance, like the figure of the murdered woman?

Not in the least,answered Seymour quietly.

What did it look like to you?

It looked to me,replied the witnesslike a tall man.

Everyone in court kept his eyes riveted on his pen
or his umbrella-handleor his bookor his boots or whatever
he happened to be looking at. They seemed to be holding their eyes
away from the prisoner by main force; but they felt his figure in the dock
and they felt it as gigantic. Tall as Bruno was to the eye
he seemed to swell taller and taller when an eyes had been


torn away from him.

Cowdray was resuming his seat with his solemn face
smoothing his black silk robesand white silk whiskers.
Sir Wilson was leaving the witness-boxafter a few final particulars
to which there were many other witnesseswhen the counsel for the defence
sprang up and stopped him.

I shall only detain you a moment,said Mr Butler
who was a rustic-looking person with red eyebrows and an expression
of partial slumber. "Will you tell his lordship how you knew
it was a man?"

A faintrefined smile seemed to pass over Seymour's features.
I'm afraid it is the vulgar test of trousers,he said.
When I saw daylight between the long legs I was sure it was a man,
after all.

Butler's sleepy eyes opened as suddenly as some silent explosion.
After all!he repeated slowly. "So you did think at first
it was a woman?"

Seymour looked troubled for the first time. "It is hardly
a point of fact he said, but if his lordship would like me
to answer for my impressionof course I shall do so. There was something
about the thing that was not exactly a woman and yet was not quite a man;
somehow the curves were different. And it had something that looked like
long hair."

Thank you,said Mr ButlerK.C.and sat down suddenly
as if he had got what he wanted.

Captain Cutler was a far less plausible and composed witness
than Sir Wilsonbut his account of the opening incidents was
solidly the same. He described the return of Bruno to his dressing-room
the dispatching of himself to buy a bunch of lilies-of-the-valley
his return to the upper end of the passagethe thing he saw
in the passagehis suspicion of Seymourand his struggle with Bruno.
But he could give little artistic assistance about the black figure
that he and Seymour had seen. Asked about its outlinehe said he
was no art critic--with a somewhat too obvious sneer at Seymour.
Asked if it was a man or a womanhe said it looked more like a beast-with
a too obvious snarl at the prisoner. But the man was plainly shaken
with sorrow and sincere angerand Cowdray quickly excused him
from confirming facts that were already fairly clear.

The defending counsel also was again brief in his cross-examination;
although (as was his custom) even in being briefhe seemed to take
a long time about it. "You used a rather remarkable expression he said,
looking at Cutler sleepily. What do you mean by saying that
it looked more like a beast than a man or a woman?"

Cutler seemed seriously agitated. "Perhaps I oughtn't to have
said that he said; but when the brute has huge humped shoulders
like a chimpanzeeand bristles sticking out of its head like a pig--"

Mr Butler cut short his curious impatience in the middle.
Never mind whether its hair was like a pig's,he said
was it like a woman's?

A woman's!cried the soldier. "Great Scottno!"

The last witness said it was,commented the counsel
with unscrupulous swiftness. "And did the figure have any of those


serpentine and semi-feminine curves to which eloquent allusion
has been made? No? No feminine curves? The figureif I understand you
was rather heavy and square than otherwise?"


He may have been bending forward,said Cutlerin a hoarse
and rather faint voice.

Or again, he may not,said Mr Butlerand sat down suddenly
for the second time.

The thirdwitness called by Sir Walter Cowdray was
the little Catholic clergymanso littlecompared with the others
that his head seemed hardly to come above the boxso that it was like
cross-examining a child. But unfortunately Sir Walter had somehow
got it into his head (mostly by some ramifications of his family's religion)
that Father Brown was on the side of the prisonerbecause the prisoner
was wicked and foreign and even partly black. Therefore he
took Father Brown up sharply whenever that proud pontiff tried
to explain anything; and told him to answer yes or noand tell
the plain facts without any jesuitry. When Father Brown began
in his simplicityto say who he thought the man in the passage was
the barrister told him that he did not want his theories.

A black shape was seen in the passage. And you say you saw
the black shape. Well, what shape was it?

Father Brown blinked as under rebuke; but he had long known
the literal nature of obedience. "The shape he said, was short
and thickbut had two sharpblack projections curved upwards
on each side of the head or toprather like hornsand--"

Oh! the devil with horns, no doubt,ejaculated Cowdray
sitting down in triumphant jocularity. "It was the devil come
to eat Protestants."

No,said the priest dispassionately; "I know who it was."

Those in court had been wrought up to an irrational
but real sense of some monstrosity. They had forgotten the figure
in the dock and thought only of the figure in the passage.
And the figure in the passagedescribed by three capable
and respectable men who had all seen itwas a shifting nightmare:
one called it a womanand the other a beastand the other a devil....

The judge was looking at Father Brown with level and piercing eyes.
You are a most extraordinary witness,he said; "but there is something
about you that makes me think you are trying to tell the truth.
Wellwho was the man you saw in the passage?"

He was myself,said Father Brown.

ButlerK.C.sprang to his feet in an extraordinary stillness
and said quite calmly: "Your lordship will allow me to cross-examine?"
And thenwithout stoppinghe shot at Brown the apparently
disconnected question: "You have heard about this dagger;
you know the experts say the crime was committed with a short blade?"

A short blade,assented Brownnodding solemnly like an owl
but a very long hilt.

Before the audience could quite dismiss the idea that the priest
had really seen himself doing murder with a short dagger with a long hilt
(which seemed somehow to make it more horrible)he had himself
hurried on to explain.


I mean daggers aren't the only things with short blades.
Spears have short blades. And spears catch at the end of the steel
just like daggers, if they're that sort of fancy spear they had
in theatres; like the spear poor old Parkinson killed his wife with,
just when she'd sent for me to settle their family troubles-and
I came just too late, God forgive me! But he died penitent-he
just died of being penitent. He couldn't bear what he'd done.

The general impression in court was that the little priest
who was gobbling awayhad literally gone mad in the box.
But the judge still looked at him with bright and steady eyes of interest;
and the counsel for the defence went on with his questions unperturbed.

If Parkinson did it with that pantomime spear,said Butler
he must have thrust from four yards away. How do you account for
signs of struggle, like the dress dragged off the shoulder?He had
slipped into treating his mere witness as an expert; but no one
noticed it now.

The poor lady's dress was torn,said the witness
because it was caught in a panel that slid to just behind her.
She struggled to free herself, and as she did so Parkinson came out
of the prisoner's room and lunged with the spear.

A panel?repeated the barrister in a curious voice.

It was a looking-glass on the other side,explained Father Brown.
When I was in the dressing-room I noticed that some of them
could probably be slid out into the passage.

There was another vast and unnatural silenceand this time
it was the judge who spoke. "So you really mean that when you
looked down that passagethe man you saw was yourself--in a mirror?"

Yes, my lord; that was what I was trying to say,said Brown
but they asked me for the shape; and our hats have corners
just like horns, and so I--

The judge leaned forwardhis old eyes yet more brilliant
and said in specially distinct tones: "Do you really mean to say that
when Sir Wilson Seymour saw that wild what-you-call-him with curves
and a woman's hair and a man's trouserswhat he saw was
Sir Wilson Seymour?"

Yes, my lord,said Father Brown.

And you mean to say that when Captain Cutler saw that chimpanzee
with humped shoulders and hog's bristles, he simply saw himself?

Yes, my lord.

The judge leaned back in his chair with a luxuriance in which
it was hard to separate the cynicism and the admiration.
And can you tell us why,he askedyou should know your own figure
in a looking-glass, when two such distinguished men don't?

Father Brown blinked even more painfully than before;
then he stammered: "Reallymy lordI don't know unless it's because
I don't look at it so often."


FIVE
The Mistake of the Machine


FLAMBEAU and his friend the priest were sitting in the Temple Gardens
about sunset; and their neighbourhood or some such accidental influence
had turned their talk to matters of legal process. From the problem
of the licence in cross-examinationtheir talk strayed to Roman and
mediaeval tortureto the examining magistrate in France and
the Third Degree in America.

I've been reading,said Flambeauof this new psychometric method
they talk about so much, especially in America. You know what I mean;
they put a pulsometer on a man's wrist and judge by how his heart goes
at the pronunciation of certain words. What do you think of it?

I think it very interesting,replied Father Brown;
it reminds me of that interesting idea in the Dark Ages that blood
would flow from a corpse if the murderer touched it.

Do you really mean,demanded his friendthat you think
the two methods equally valuable?

I think them equally valueless,replied Brown. "Blood flows
fast or slowin dead folk or livingfor so many more million reasons
than we can ever know. Blood will have to flow very funnily;
blood will have to flow up the Matterhornbefore I will take it
as a sign that I am to shed it."

The method,remarked the otherhas been guaranteed
by some of the greatest American men of science.

What sentimentalists men of science are!exclaimed Father Brown
and how much more sentimental must American men of science be!
Who but a Yankee would think of proving anything from heart-throbs?
Why, they must be as sentimental as a man who thinks a woman
is in love with him if she blushes. That's a test from
the circulation of the blood, discovered by the immortal Harvey;
and a jolly rotten test, too.

But surely,insisted Flambeauit might point pretty straight
at something or other.

There's a disadvantage in a stick pointing straight,
answered the other. "What is it? Whythe other end of the stick
always points the opposite way. It depends whether you
get hold of the stick by the right end. I saw the thing done once
and I've never believed in it since." And he proceeded to tell
the story of his disillusionment.

It happened nearly twenty years beforewhen he was chaplain
to his co-religionists in a prison in Chicago--where the Irish population
displayed a capacity both for crime and penitence which kept him
tolerably busy. The official second-in-command under the Governor
was an ex-detective named Greywood Ushera cadaverouscareful-spoken
Yankee philosopheroccasionally varying a very rigid visage
with an odd apologetic grimace. He liked Father Brown in
a slightly patronizing way; and Father Brown liked him
though he heartily disliked his theories. His theories were
extremely complicated and were held with extreme simplicity.

One evening he had sent for the priestwhoaccording to his custom


took a seat in silence at a table piled and littered with papers
and waited. The official selected from the papers a scrap of
newspaper cuttingwhich he handed across to the cleric
who read it gravely. It appeared to be an extract from one of
the pinkest of American Society papersand ran as follows:

Society's brightest widower is once more on the Freak Dinner stunt.
All our exclusive citizens will recall the Perambulator Parade Dinner,
in which Last-Trick Todd, at his palatial home at Pilgrim's Pond,
caused so many of our prominent debutantes to look even younger
than their years. Equally elegant and more miscellaneous and
large-hearted in social outlook was Last-Trick's show the year previous,
the popular Cannibal Crush Lunch, at which the confections handed round
were sarcastically moulded in the forms of human arms and legs,
and during which more than one of our gayest mental gymnasts was heard
offering to eat his partner. The witticism which will inspire
this evening is as yet in Mr Todd's pretty reticent intellect,
or locked in the jewelled bosoms of our city's gayest leaders;
but there is talk of a pretty parody of the simple manners and customs
at the other end of Society's scale. This would be all the more telling,
as hospitable Todd is entertaining in Lord Falconroy, the famous traveller,
a true-blooded aristocrat fresh from England's oak-groves.
Lord Falconroy's travels began before his ancient feudal title
was resurrected, he was in the Republic in his youth, and fashion murmurs
a sly reason for his return. Miss Etta Todd is one of our
deep-souled New Yorkers, and comes into an income of nearly
twelve hundred million dollars.

Well,asked Usherdoes that interest you?

Why, words rather fail me,answered Father Brown.
I cannot think at this moment of anything in this world that would
interest me less. And, unless the just anger of the Republic is
at last going to electrocute journalists for writing like that,
I don't quite see why it should interest you either.

Ah!said Mr Usher drylyand handing across another
scrap of newspaper. "Welldoes that interest you?"

The paragraph was headed "Savage Murder of a Warder.
Convict Escapes and ran: Just before dawn this morning
a shout for help was heard in the Convict Settlement at Sequah
in this State. The authoritieshurrying in the direction of the cry
found the corpse of the warder who patrols the top of the north wall
of the prisonthe steepest and most difficult exitfor which one man
has always been found sufficient. The unfortunate officer had
howeverbeen hurled from the high wallhis brains beaten out
as with a cluband his gun was missing. Further inquiries showed that
one of the cells was empty; it had been occupied by a rather sullen ruffian
giving his name as Oscar Rian. He was only temporarily detained
for some comparatively trivial assault; but he gave everyone the impression
of a man with a black past and a dangerous future. Finally
when daylight bad fully revealed the scene of murderit was found
that he had written on the wall above the body a fragmentary sentence
apparently with a finger dipped in blood: `This was self-defence and
he had the gun. I meant no harm to him or any man but one.
I am keeping the bullet for Pilgrim's Pond--O.R.' A man must have used
most fiendish treachery or most savage and amazing bodily daring
to have stormed such a wall in spite of an armed man."

Well, the literary style is somewhat improved,admitted the priest
cheerfullybut still I don't see what I can do for you.
I should cut a poor figure, with my short legs, running about this State
after an athletic assassin of that sort. I doubt whether


anybody could find him. The convict settlement at Sequah
is thirty miles from here; the country between is wild and tangled enough,
and the country beyond, where he will surely have the sense to go,
is a perfect no-man's land tumbling away to the prairies.
He may be in any hole or up any tree.


He isn't in any hold,said the governor; "he isn't up any tree."

Why, how do you know?asked Father Brownblinking.

Would you like to speak to him?inquired Usher.

Father Brown opened his innocent eyes wide. "He is here?"
he exclaimed. "Whyhow did your men get hold of him?"

I got hold of him myself,drawled the Americanrising and
lazily stretching his lanky legs before the fire. "I got hold of him
with the crooked end of a walking-stick. Don't look so surprised.
I really did. You know I sometimes take a turn in the country lanes
outside this dismal place; wellI was walking early this evening
up a steep lane with dark hedges and grey-looking ploughed fields
on both sides; and a young moon was up and silvering the road.
By the light of it I saw a man running across the field towards the road;
running with his body bent and at a good mile-race trot.
He appeared to be much exhausted; but when he came to the thick black hedge
he went through it as if it were made of spiders' webs; --or rather
(for I heard the strong branches breaking and snapping like bayonets)
as if he himself were made of stone. In the instant in which
he appeared up against the mooncrossing the roadI slung my hooked cane
at his legstripping him and bringing him down. Then I blew my whistle
long and loudand our fellows came running up to secure him."

It would have been rather awkward,remarked Brown
if you had found he was a popular athlete practising a mile race.

He was not,said Usher grimly. "We soon found out who he was;
but I had guessed it with the first glint of the moon on him."

You thought it was the runaway convict,observed the priest simply
because you had read in the newspaper cutting that morning that
a convict had run away.

I had somewhat better grounds,replied the governor coolly.
I pass over the first as too simple to be emphasized-I
mean that fashionable athletes do not run across ploughed fields
or scratch their eyes out in bramble hedges. Nor do they run
all doubled up like a crouching dog. There were more decisive details
to a fairly well-trained eye. The man was clad in coarse
and ragged clothes, but they were something more than merely
coarse and ragged. They were so ill-fitting as to be quite grotesque;
even as he appeared in black outline against the moonrise,
the coat-collar in which his head was buried made him look
like a hunchback, and the long loose sleeves looked as if he had no hands.
It at once occurred to me that he had somehow managed to change
his convict clothes for some confederate's clothes which did not fit him.
Second, there was a pretty stiff wind against which he was running;
so that I must have seen the streaky look of blowing hair, if the hair
had not been very short. Then I remembered that beyond these
ploughed fields he was crossing lay Pilgrim's Pond, for which
(you will remember) the convict was keeping his bullet;
and I sent my walking-stick flying.

A brilliant piece of rapid deduction,said Father Brown;
but had he got a gun?


As Usher stopped abruptly in his walk the priest added apologetically:
I've been told a bullet is not half so useful without it.

He had no gun,said the other gravely; "but that was doubtless
due to some very natural mischance or change of plans. Probably the
same policy that made him change the clothes made him drop the gun;
he began to repent the coat he had left behind him in the blood
of his victim."

Well, that is possible enough,answered the priest.

And it's hardly worth speculating on,said Usher
turning to some other papersfor we know it's the man by this time.

His clerical friend asked faintly: "But how?" And Greywood Usher
threw down the newspapers and took up the two press-cuttings again.

Well, since you are so obstinate,he saidlet's begin
at the beginning. You will notice that these two cuttings have only
one thing in common, which is the mention of Pilgrim's Pond,
the estate, as you know, of the millionaire Ireton Todd.
You also know that he is a remarkable character; one of those
that rose on stepping-stones--

Of our dead selves to higher things,assented his companion.
Yes; I know that. Petroleum, I think.

Anyhow,said UsherLast-Trick Todd counts for a great deal
in this rum affair.

He stretched himself once more before the fire and continued talking
in his expansiveradiantly explanatory style.

To begin with, on the face of it, there is no mystery here at all.
It is not mysterious, it is not even odd, that a jailbird should
take his gun to Pilgrim's Pond. Our people aren't like the English,
who will forgive a man for being rich if he throws away money
on hospitals or horses. Last-Trick Todd has made himself big
by his own considerable abilities; and there's no doubt that
many of those on whom he has shown his abilities would like to
show theirs on him with a shot-gun. Todd might easily get dropped
by some man he'd never even heard of; some labourer he'd locked out,
or some clerk in a business he'd busted. Last-Trick is a man
of mental endowments and a high public character; but in this country
the relations of employers and employed are considerably strained.

That's how the whole thing looks supposing this Rian
made for Pilgrim's Pond to kill Todd. So it looked to me
till another little discovery woke up what I have of the detective in me.
When I had my prisoner safeI picked up my cane again and strolled down
the two or three turns of country road that brought me to one of
the side entrances of Todd's groundsthe one nearest to the pool
or lake after which the place is named. It was some two hours ago
about seven by this time; the moonlight was more luminous
and I could see the long white streaks of it lying on the mysterious mere
with its greygreasyhalf-liquid shores in which they say
our fathers used to make witches walk until they sank.
I'd forgotten the exact tale; but you know the place I mean;
it lies north of Todd's house towards the wildernessand has two queer
wrinkled treesso dismal that they look more like huge fungoids
than decent foliage. As I stood peering at this misty pool
I fancied I saw the faint figure of a man moving from the house towards it
but it was all too dim and distant for one to be certain of the fact


and still less of the details. Besidesmy attention was very sharply
arrested by something much closer. I crouched behind the fence
which ran not more than two hundred yards from one wing of
the great mansionand which was fortunately split in places
as if specially for the application of a cautious eye. A door had opened
in the dark bulk of the left wingand a figure appeared black against
the illuminated interior--a muffled figure bending forward
evidently peering out into the night. It closed the door behind it
and I saw it was carrying a lanternwhich threw a patch of imperfect light
on the dress and figure of the wearer. It seemed to be
the figure of a womanwrapped up in a ragged cloak and
evidently disguised to avoid notice; there was something very strange
both about the rags and the furtiveness in a person coming out of
those rooms lined with gold. She took cautiously the curved garden path
which brought her within half a hundred yards of me--then she stood up
for an instant on the terrace of turf that looks towards the slimy lake
and holding her flaming lantern above her head she deliberately swung it
three times to and fro as for a signal. As she swung it the second time
a flicker of its light fell for a moment on her own face
a face that I knew. She was unnaturally paleand her head was bundled
in her borrowed plebeian shawl; but I am certain it was Etta Todd
the millionaire's daughter.

She retraced her steps in equal secrecy and the door
closed behind her again. I was about to climb the fence and follow,
when I realized that the detective fever that had lured me
into the adventure was rather undignified; and that in a more
authoritative capacity I already held all the cards in my hand.
I was just turning away when a new noise broke on the night.
A window was thrown up in one of the upper floors, but just round
the corner of the house so that I could not see it; and a voice
of terrible distinctness was heard shouting across the dark garden
to know where Lord Falconroy was, for he was missing from every room
in the house. There was no mistaking that voice. I have
heard it on many a political platform or meeting of directors;
it was Ireton Todd himself. Some of the others seemed to have gone
to the lower windows or on to the steps, and were calling up to him
that Falconroy had gone for a stroll down to the Pilgrim's Pond
an hour before, and could not be traced since. Then Todd cried
`Mighty Murder!' and shut down the window violently; and I could hear him
plunging down the stairs inside. Repossessing myself of my former
and wiser purpose, I whipped out of the way of the general search
that must follow; and returned here not later than eight o'clock.

I now ask you to recall that little Society paragraph
which seemed to you so painfully lacking in interest. If the convict
was not keeping the shot for Toddas he evidently wasn't
it is most likely that he was keeping it for Lord Falconroy;
and it looks as if he had delivered the goods. No more handy place
to shoot a man than in the curious geological surroundings of that pool
where a body thrown down would sink through thick slime to a depth
practically unknown. Let us supposethenthat our friend
with the cropped hair came to kill Falconroy and not Todd.
Butas I have pointed outthere are many reasons why people in America
might want to kill Todd. There is no reason why anybody in America
should want to kill an English lord newly landedexcept for the one reason
mentioned in the pink paper--that the lord is paying his attentions
to the millionaire's daughter. Our crop-haired friend
despite his ill-fitting clothesmust be an aspiring lover.

I know the notion will seem to you jarring and even comic;
but that's because you are English. It sounds to you like saying
the Archbishop of Canterbury's daughter will be married in
St George's, Hanover Square, to a crossing-sweeper on ticket-of-leave.


You don't do justice to the climbing and aspiring power of our
more remarkable citizens. You see a good-looking grey-haired man
in evening-dress with a sort of authority about him, you know he is
a pillar of the State, and you fancy he had a father. You are in error.
You do not realize that a comparatively few years ago he may have been
in a tenement or (quite likely) in a jail. You don't allow for our
national buoyancy and uplift. Many of our most influential citizens
have not only risen recently, but risen comparatively late in life.
Todd's daughter was fully eighteen when her father first made his pile;
so there isn't really anything impossible in her having a hanger-on
in low life; or even in her hanging on to him, as I think
she must be doing, to judge by the lantern business. If so,
the hand that held the lantern may not be unconnected with the hand
that held the gun. This case, sir, will make a noise.

Well,said the priest patientlyand what did you do next?

I reckon you'll be shocked,replied Greywood Usher
as I know you don't cotton to the march of science in these matters.
I am given a good deal of discretion here, and perhaps take a little more
than I'm given; and I thought it was an excellent opportunity to test
that Psychometric Machine I told you about. Now, in my opinion,
that machine can't lie.

No machine can be,said Father Brown; "nor can it tell the truth."

It did in this case, as I'll show you,went on Usher positively.
I sat the man in the ill-fitting clothes in a comfortable chair,
and simply wrote words on a blackboard; and the machine simply
recorded the variations of his pulse; and I simply observed his manner.
The trick is to introduce some word connected with the supposed crime
in a list of words connected with something quite different,
yet a list in which it occurs quite naturally. Thus I wrote `heron' and
`eagle' and `owl', and when I wrote `falcon' he was tremendously agitated;
and when I began to make an `r' at the end of the word,
that machine just bounded. Who else in this republic has any reason
to jump at the name of a newly-arrived Englishman like Falconroy
except the man who's shot him? Isn't that better evidence than
a lot of gabble from witnesses--if the evidence of a reliable machine?

You always forget,observed his companionthat the reliable machine
always has to be worked by an unreliable machine.

Why, what do you mean?asked the detective.

I mean Man,said Father Brownthe most unreliable machine
I know of. I don't want to be rude; and I don't think you will consider
Man to be an offensive or inaccurate description of yourself.
You say you observed his manner; but how do you know you observed it right?
You say the words have to come in a natural way; but how do you know
that you did it naturally? How do you know, if you come to that,
that he did not observe your manner? Who is to prove that you were not
tremendously agitated? There was no machine tied on to your pulse.

I tell you,cried the American in the utmost excitement
I was as cool as a cucumber.

Criminals also can be as cool as cucumbers,said Brown
with a smile. "And almost as cool as you."

Well, this one wasn't,said Usherthrowing the papers about.
Oh, you make me tired!

I'm sorry,said the other. "I only point out what seems


a reasonable possibility. If you could tell by his manner when
the word that might hang him had comewhy shouldn't he tell
from your manner that the word that might hang him was coming?
I should ask for more than words myself before I hanged anybody."

Usher smote the table and rose in a sort of angry triumph.

And that,he criedis just what I'm going to give you.
I tried the machine first just in order to test the thing in other ways
afterwards and the machine, sir, is right.

He paused a moment and resumed with less excitement.
I rather want to insist, if it comes to that, that so far
I had very little to go on except the scientific experiment.
There was really nothing against the man at all. His clothes were
ill-fitting, as I've said, but they were rather better, if anything,
than those of the submerged class to which he evidently belonged.
Moreover, under all the stains of his plunging through ploughed fields
or bursting through dusty hedges, the man was comparatively clean.
This might mean, of course, that he had only just broken prison;
but it reminded me more of the desperate decency of the comparatively
respectable poor. His demeanour was, I am bound to confess,
quite in accordance with theirs. He was silent and dignified as they are;
he seemed to have a big, but buried, grievance, as they do.
He professed total ignorance of the crime and the whole question;
and showed nothing but a sullen impatience for something sensible
that might come to take him out of his meaningless scrape.
He asked me more than once if he could telephone for a lawyer
who had helped him a long time ago in a trade dispute, and in every sense
acted as you would expect an innocent man to act. There was nothing
against him in the world except that little finger on the dial
that pointed to the change of his pulse.

Thensirthe machine was on its trial; and the machine was right.
By the time I came with him out of the private room into the vestibule
where all sorts of other people were awaiting examination
I think he had already more or less made up his mind to clear things up
by something like a confession. He turned to me and began to say
in a low voice: `OhI can't stick this any more. If you must know
all about me--'

At the same instant one of the poor women sitting on the long bench
stood up, screaming aloud and pointing at him with her finger.
I have never in my life heard anything more demoniacally distinct.
Her lean finger seemed to pick him out as if it were a pea-shooter.
Though the word was a mere howl, every syllable was as clear
as a separate stroke on the clock.

`Drugger Davis!' she shouted. `They've got Drugger Davis!'

Among the wretched women, mostly thieves and streetwalkers,
twenty faces were turned, gaping with glee and hate. If I had never
heard the words, I should have known by the very shock upon his features
that the so-called Oscar Rian had heard his real name. But I'm not quite
so ignorant, you may be surprised to hear. Drugger Davis was
one of the most terrible and depraved criminals that ever
baffled our police. It is certain he had done murder more than once
long before his last exploit with the warder. But he was never entirely
fixed for it, curiously enough because he did it in the same manner
as those milder--or meaner--crimes for which he was fixed pretty often.
He was a handsome, well-bred-looking brute, as he still is, to some extent;
and he used mostly to go about with barmaids or shop-girls and do them
out of their money. Very often, though, he went a good deal farther;
and they were found drugged with cigarettes or chocolates and


their whole property missing. Then came one case where the girl
was found dead; but deliberation could not quite be proved, and,
what was more practical still, the criminal could not be found.
I heard a rumour of his having reappeared somewhere in the opposite
character this time, lending money instead of borrowing it;
but still to such poor widows as he might personally fascinate,
but still with the same bad result for them. Well, there is
your innocent man, and there is his innocent record. Even, since then,
four criminals and three warders have identified him and confirmed the story.
Now what have you got to say to my poor little machine after that?
Hasn't the machine done for him? Or do you prefer to say that the woman
and I have done for him?


As to what you've done for him,replied Father Brown

rising and shaking himself in a floppy wayyou've saved him from

the electrical chair. I don't think they can kill Drugger Davis

on that old vague story of the poison; and as for the convict

who killed the warder, I suppose it's obvious that you haven't got him.

Mr Davis is innocent of that crime, at any rate.

What do you mean?demanded the other. "Why should he be
innocent of that crime?"

Why, bless us all!cried the small man in one of his rare

moments of animationwhy, because he's guilty of the other crimes!

I don't know what you people are made of. You seem to think that

all sins are kept together in a bag. You talk as if a miser on Monday

were always a spendthrift on Tuesday. You tell me this man you have here

spent weeks and months wheedling needy women out of small sums of money;

that he used a drug at the best, and a poison at the worst;

that he turned up afterwards as the lowest kind of moneylender,

and cheated most poor people in the same patient and pacific style.

Let it be granted--let us admit, for the sake of argument,

that he did all this. If that is so, I will tell you what he didn't do.

He didn't storm a spiked wall against a man with a loaded gun.

He didn't write on the wall with his own hand, to say he had done it.

He didn't stop to state that his justification was self-defence.

He didn't explain that he had no quarrel with the poor warder.

He didn't name the house of the rich man to which he was going with the gun.

He didn't write his own, initials in a man's blood. Saints alive!

Can't you see the whole character is different, in good and evil?

Why, you don't seem to be like I am a bit. One would think

you'd never had any vices of your own.

The amazed American had already parted his lips in protest

when the door of his private and official room was hammered

and rattled in an unceremonious way to which he was totally unaccustomed.

The door flew open. The moment before Greywood Usher had been

coming to the conclusion that Father Brown might possibly be mad.

The moment after he began to think he was mad himself.

There burst and fell into his private room a man in the filthiest rags

with a greasy squash hat still askew on his headand a shabby green shade

shoved up from one of his eyesboth of which were glaring like a tiger's.

The rest of his face was almost undiscoverablebeing masked with

a matted beard and whiskers through which the nose could barely

thrust itselfand further buried in a squalid red scarf or handkerchief.

Mr Usher prided himself on having seen most of the roughest specimens

in the Statebut he thought he had never seen such a baboon dressed

as a scarecrow as this. Butabove allhe had never in all his

placid scientific existence heard a man like that speak to him first.

See here, old man Usher,shouted the being in the red handkerchief
I'm getting tired. Don't you try any of your hide-and-seek on me;


I don't get fooled any. Leave go of my guests, and I'll let up
on the fancy clockwork. Keep him here for a split instant and you'll
feel pretty mean. I reckon I'm not a man with no pull.

The eminent Usher was regarding the bellowing monster
with an amazement which had dried up all other sentiments.
The mere shock to his eyes had rendered his earsalmost useless.
At last he rang a bell with a hand of violence. While the bell was
still strong and pealingthe voice of Father Brown fell soft but distinct.

I have a suggestion to make,he saidbut it seems
a little confusing. I don't know this gentleman--but-but
I think I know him. Now, you know him--you know him quite well-but
you don't know him--naturally. Sounds paradoxical, I know.

I reckon the Cosmos is cracked,said Usherand fell asprawl
in his round office chair.

Now, see here,vociferated the strangerstriking the table
but speaking in a voice that was all the more mysterious
because it was comparatively mild and rational though still resounding.
I won't let you in. I want--

Who in hell are you?yelled Ushersuddenly sitting up straight.

I think the gentleman's name is Todd,said the priest.

Then he picked up the pink slip of newspaper.

I fear you don't read the Society papers properly,he said
and began to read out in a monotonous voice`Or locked in
the jewelled bosoms of our city's gayest leaders; but there is talk
of a pretty parody of the manners and customs of the other end
of Society's scale.' There's been a big Slum Dinner up at
Pilgrim's Pond tonight; and a man, one of the guests, disappeared.
Mr Ireton Todd is a good host, and has tracked him here,
without even waiting to take off his fancy-dress.

What man do you mean?

I mean the man with comically ill-fitting clothes you saw
running across the ploughed field. Hadn't you better go and
investigate him? He will be rather impatient to get back to his champagne,
from which he ran away in such a hurry, when the convict with the gun
hove in sight.

Do you seriously mean--began the official.

Why, look here, Mr Usher,said Father Brown quietly
you said the machine couldn't make a mistake; and in one sense it didn't.
But the other machine did; the machine that worked it.
You assumed that the man in rags jumped at the name of Lord Falconroy,
because he was Lord Falconroy's murderer. He jumped at the name
of Lord Falconroy because he is Lord Falconroy.

Then why the blazes didn't he say so?demanded the staring Usher.

He felt his plight and recent panic were hardly patrician,
replied the priestso he tried to keep the name back at first.
But he was just going to tell it you, when--and Father Brown looked
down at his boots--"when a woman found another name for him."

But you can't be so mad as to say,said Greywood Usher
very whitethat Lord Falconroy was Drugger Davis.


The priest looked at him very earnestlybut with a baffling
and undecipherable face.

I am not saying anything about it,he said. "I leave
all the rest to you. Your pink paper says that the title
was recently revived for him; but those papers are very unreliable.
It says he was in the States in youth; but the whole story seems
very strange. Davis and Falconroy are both pretty considerable cowards
but so are lots of other men. I would not hang a dog on my own opinion
about this. But I think he went on softly and reflectively,
I think you Americans are too modest. I think you idealize
the English aristocracy--even in assuming it to be so aristocratic.
You seea good-looking Englishman in evening-dress; you know
he's in the House of Lords; and you fancy he has a father.
You don't allow for our national buoyancy and uplift. Many of our
most influential noblemen have not only risen recentlybut--"

Oh, stop it!cried Greywood Usherwringing one lean hand
in impatience against a shade of irony in the other's face.

Don't stay talking to this lunatic!cried Todd brutally.
Take me to my friend.

Next morning Father Brown appeared with the same demure expression
carrying yet another piece of pink newspaper.

I'm afraid you neglect the fashionable press rather,he said
but this cutting may interest you.

Usher read the headlinesLast-Trick's Strayed Revellers:
Mirthful Incident near Pilgrim's Pond.The paragraph went on:
A laughable occurrence took place outside Wilkinson's Motor Garage
last night. A policeman on duty had his attention drawn by larrikins
to a man in prison dress who was stepping with considerable coolness
into the steering-seat of a pretty high-toned Panhard; he was accompanied
by a girl wrapped in a ragged shawl. On the police interfering,
the young woman threw back the shawl, and all recognized
Millionaire Todd's daughter, who had just come from the Slum Freak Dinner
at the Pond, where all the choicest guests were in a similar deshabille.
She and the gentleman who had donned prison uniform were going for
the customary joy-ride.

Under the pink slip Mr Usher found a strip of a later paper
headedAstounding Escape of Millionaire's Daughter with Convict.
She had Arranged Freak Dinner. Now Safe in--

Mr Greenwood Usher lifted his eyesbut Father Brown was gone.

SIX

The Head of Caesar

THERE is somewhere in Brompton or Kensington an interminable avenue
of tall housesrich but largely emptythat looks like a terrace of tombs.
The very steps up to the dark front doors seem as steep as
the side of pyramids; one would hesitate to knock at the door
lest it should be opened by a mummy. But a yet more depressing feature
in the grey facade is its telescopic length and changeless continuity.



The pilgrim walking down it begins to think he will never come to
a break or a corner; but there is one exception--a very small one
but hailed by the pilgrim almost with a shout. There is a sort of mews
between two of the tall mansionsa mere slit like the crack of a door
by comparison with the streetbut just large enough to permit
a pigmy ale-house or eating-housestill allowed by the rich to their
stable-servantsto stand in the angle. There is something cheery in its
very dinginessand something free and elfin in its very insignificance.
At the feet of those grey stone giants it looks like a lighted house
of dwarfs.

Anyone passing the place during a certain autumn evening
itself almost fairylikemight have seen a hand pull aside
the red half-blind which (along with some large white lettering)
half hid the interior from the streetand a face peer out not unlike
a rather innocent goblin's. It wasin factthe face of one with
the harmless human name of Brownformerly priest of Cobhole in Essex
and now working in London. His friendFlambeaua semi-official
investigatorwas sitting opposite himmaking his last notes of a case
he had cleared up in the neighbourhood. They were sitting at a small table
close up to the windowwhen the priest pulled the curtain back
and looked out. He waited till a stranger in the street had
passed the windowto let the curtain fall into its place again.
Then his round eyes rolled to the large white lettering on the window
above his headand then strayed to the next tableat which sat only
a navvy with beer and cheeseand a young girl with red hair and
a glass of milk. Then (seeing his friend put away the pocket-book)
he said softly:

If you've got ten minutes, I wish you'd follow that man with
the false nose.

Flambeau looked up in surprise; but the girl with the red hair
also looked upand with something that was stronger than astonishment.
She was simply and even loosely dressed in light brown sacking stuff;
but she was a ladyand evenon a second glancea rather needlessly
haughty one. "The man with the false nose!" repeated Flambeau.
Who's he?

I haven't a notion,answered Father Brown. "I want you
to find out; I ask it as a favour. He went down there"--and he jerked
his thumb over his shoulder in one of his undistinguished gestures-"
and can't have passed three lamp-posts yet. I only want to know
the direction."

Flambeau gazed at his friend for some timewith an expression
between perplexity and amusement; and thenrising from the table;
squeezed his huge form out of the little door of the dwarf tavern
and melted into the twilight.

Father Brown took a small book out of his pocket and began
to read steadily; he betrayed no consciousness of the fact that
the red-haired lady had left her own table and sat down opposite him.
At last she leaned over and said in a lowstrong voice:
Why do you say that? How do you know it's false?

He lifted his rather heavy eyelidswhich fluttered in
considerable embarrassment. Then his dubious eye roamed again to
the white lettering on the glass front of the public-house.
The young woman's eyes followed hisand rested there also
but in pure puzzledom.

No,said Father Brownanswering her thoughts. "It doesn't say
`Sela'like the thing in the Psalms; I read it like that myself when


I was wool-gathering just now; it says `Ales.'"

Well?inquired the staring young lady. "What does it matter
what it says?"

His ruminating eye roved to the girl's light canvas sleeve
round the wrist of which ran a very slight thread of artistic pattern
just enough to distinguish it from a working-dress of a common woman
and make it more like the working-dress of a lady art-student.
He seemed to find much food for thought in this; but his reply was
very slow and hesitant. "You seemadam he said, from outside
the place looks--wellit is a perfectly decent place--but ladies
like you don't--don't generally think so. They never go into such places
from choiceexcept--"

Well?she repeated.

Except an unfortunate few who don't go in to drink milk.

You are a most singular person,said the young lady.
What is your object in all this?

Not to trouble you about it,he repliedvery gently.
Only to arm myself with knowledge enough to help you, if ever
you freely ask my help.

But why should I need help?

He continued his dreamy monologue. "You couldn't have come in
to see protegeeshumble friendsthat sort of thingor you'd have
gone through into the parlour...and you couldn't have come in because
you were illor you'd have spoken to the woman of the place
who's obviously respectable...besidesyou don't look ill in that way
but only unhappy.... This street is the only original long lane
that has no turning; and the houses on both sides are shut up....
I could only suppose that you'd seen somebody coming whom you didn't want
to meet; and found the public-house was the only shelter in this
wilderness of stone.... I don't think I went beyond the licence of
a stranger in glancing at the only man who passed immediately after....
And as I thought he looked like the wrong sort...and you looked like
the right sort.... I held myself ready to help if he annoyed you;
that is all. As for my friendhe'll be back soon; and he certainly
can't find out anything by stumping down a road like this....
I didn't think he could."

Then why did you send him out?she criedleaning forward with
yet warmer curiosity. She had the proudimpetuous face that goes
with reddish colouringand a Roman noseas it did in Marie Antoinette.

He looked at her steadily for the first timeand said:
Because I hoped you would speak to me.

She looked back at him for some time with a heated face
in which there hung a red shadow of anger; thendespite her anxieties
humour broke out of her eyes and the corners of her mouth
and she answered almost grimly: "Wellif you're so keen on
my conversationperhaps you'll answer my question." After a pause
she added: "I had the honour to ask you why you thought the man's nose
was false."

The wax always spots like that just a little in this weather,
answered Father Brown with entire simplicity

But it's such a crooked nose,remonstrated the red-haired girl.


The priest smiled in his turn. "I don't say it's the sort of nose
one would wear out of mere foppery he admitted. This manI think
wears it because his real nose is so much nicer."

But why?she insisted.

What is the nursery-rhyme?observed Brown absent-mindedly.
There was a crooked man and he went a crooked mile.... That man,
I fancy, has gone a very crooked road--by following his nose.

Why, what's he done?she demandedrather shakily.

I don't want to force your confidence by a hair,said Father Brown
very quietly. "But I think you could tell me more about that than
I can tell you."

The girl sprang to her feet and stood quite quietlybut with
clenched handslike one about to stride away; then her hands
loosened slowlyand she sat down again. "You are more of a mystery
than all the others she said desperately, but I feel there might be
a heart in your mystery."

What we all dread most,said the priest in a low voice
is a maze with no centre. That is why atheism is only a nightmare.
I will tell you everything,said the red-haired girl doggedly
except why I am telling you; and that I don't know.

She picked at the darned table-cloth and went on: "You look as if
you knew what isn't snobbery as well as what is; and when I say that
ours is a good old familyyou'll understand it is a necessary part of
the story; indeedmy chief danger is in my brother's high-and-dry notions
noblesse oblige and all that. Wellmy name is Christabel Carstairs;
and my father was that Colonel Carstairs you've probably heard of
who made the famous Carstairs Collection of Roman coins.
I could never describe my father to you; the nearest I can say is
that he was very like a Roman coin himself. He was as handsome and
as genuine and as valuable and as metallic and as out-of-date.
He was prouder of his Collection than of his coat-of-arms-nobody
could say more than that. His extraordinary character
came out most in his will. He had two sons and one daughter.
He quarrelled with one sonmy brother Gilesand sent him
to Australia on a small allowance. He then made a will leaving
the Carstairs Collectionactually with a yet smaller allowance
to my brother Arthur. He meant it as a rewardas the highest honour
he could offerin acknowledgement of Arthur's loyalty and rectitude
and the distinctions he had already gained in mathematics and economics
at Cambridge. He left me practically all his pretty large fortune;
and I am sure he meant it in contempt.

Arthur, you may say, might well complain of this; but Arthur
is my father over again. Though he had some differences with my
father in early youth, no sooner had he taken over the Collection
than he became like a pagan priest dedicated to a temple.
He mixed up these Roman halfpence with the honour of the Carstairs
family in the same stiff, idolatrous way as his father before him.
He acted as if Roman money must be guarded by all the Roman virtues.
He took no pleasures; he spent nothing on himself; he lived for
the Collection. Often he would not trouble to dress for his simple meals;
but pattered about among the corded brown-paper parcels (which no one else
was allowed to touch) in an old brown dressing-gown. With its rope
and tassel and his pale, thin, refined face, it made him look like
an old ascetic monk. Every now and then, though, he would appear
dressed like a decidedly fashionable gentleman; but that was only when


he went up to the London sales or shops to make an addition to
the Carstairs Collection.

Nowif you've known any young peopleyou won't be shocked
if I say that I got into rather a low frame of mind with all this;
the frame of mind in which one begins to say that the Ancient Romans
were all very well in their way. I'm not like my brother Arthur;
I can't help enjoying enjoyment. I got a lot of romance and rubbish
where I got my red hairfrom the other side of the family.
Poor Giles was the same; and I think the atmosphere of coins
might count in excuse for him; though he really did wrong and nearly
went to prison. But he didn't behave any worse than I did;
as you shall hear.

I come now to the silly part of the story. I think a man
as clever as you can guess the sort of thing that would begin
to relieve the monotony for an unruly girl of seventeen placed in such
a position. But I am so rattled with more dreadful things that I can
hardly read my own feeling; and don't know whether I despise it now
as a flirtation or bear it as a broken heart. We lived then at
a little seaside watering-place in South Wales, and a retired sea-captain
living a few doors off had a son about five years older than myself,
who had been a friend of Giles before he went to the Colonies.
His name does not affect my tale; but I tell you it was Philip Hawker,
because I am telling you everything. We used to go shrimping together,
and said and thought we were in love with each other; at least
he certainly said he was, and I certainly thought I was.
If I tell you he had bronzed curly hair and a falconish sort of face,
bronzed by the sea also, it's not for his sake, I assure you,
but for the story; for it was the cause of a very curious coincidence.

One summer afternoonwhen I had promised to go shrimping
along the sands with PhilipI was waiting rather impatiently
in the front drawing-roomwatching Arthur handle some packets of coins
he had just purchased and slowly shunt themone or two at a time
into his own dark study and museum which was at the back of the house.
As soon as I heard the heavy door close on him finallyI made a bolt
for my shrimping-net and tam-o'-shanter and was just going to slip out
when I saw that my brother had left behind him one coin that lay
gleaming on the long bench by the window. It was a bronze coin
and the colourcombined with the exact curve of the Roman nose
and something in the very lift of the longwiry neckmade the head
of Caesar on it the almost precise portrait of Philip Hawker.
Then I suddenly remembered Giles telling Philip of a coin that was
like himand Philip wishing he had it. Perhaps you can fancy the wild
foolish thoughts with which my head went round; I felt as if I had
had a gift from the fairies. It seemed to me that if I could only
run away with thisand give it to Philip like a wild sort of wedding-ring
it would be a bond between us for ever; I felt a thousand such things
at once. Then there yawned under melike the pitthe enormous
awful notion of what I was doing; above allthe unbearable thought
which was like touching hot ironof what Arthur would think of it.
A Carstairs a thief; and a thief of the Carstairs treasure!
I believe my brother could see me burned like a witch for such a thing
But thenthe very thought of such fanatical cruelty heightened
my old hatred of his dingy old antiquarian fussiness and my longing
for the youth and liberty that called to me from the sea.
Outside was strong sunlight with a wind; and a yellow head of some
broom or gorse in the garden rapped against the glass of the window.
I thought of that living and growing gold calling to me from all
the heaths of the world--and then of that deaddull gold and bronze
and brass of my brother's growing dustier and dustier as life went by.
Nature and the Carstairs Collection had come to grips at last.


Nature is older than the Carstairs Collection. As I ran
down the streets to the sea, the coin clenched tight in my fist,
I felt all the Roman Empire on my back as well as the Carstairs pedigree.
It was not only the old lion argent that was roaring in my ear,
but all the eagles of the Caesars seemed flapping and screaming
in pursuit of me. And yet my heart rose higher and higher like
a child's kite, until I came over the loose, dry sand-hills and to
the flat, wet sands, where Philip stood already up to his ankles
in the shallow shining water, some hundred yards out to sea.
There was a great red sunset; and the long stretch of low water,
hardly rising over the ankle for half a mile, was like a lake
of ruby flame. It was not till I had torn off my shoes and stockings
and waded to where he stood, which was well away from the dry land,
that I turned and looked round. We were quite alone in a circle
of sea-water and wet sand, and I gave him the head of Caesar.

At the very instant I had a shock of fancy: that a man far away
on the sand-hills was looking at me intently. I must have felt
immediately after that it was a mere leap of unreasonable nerves;
for the man was only a dark dot in the distanceand I could only just see
that he was standing quite still and gazingwith his head a little
on one side. There was no earthly logical evidence that he was
looking at me; he might have been looking at a shipor the sunset
or the sea-gullsor at any of the people who still strayed here and there
on the shore between us. Neverthelesswhatever my start sprang from
was prophetic; foras I gazedhe started walking briskly in a bee-line
towards us across the wide wet sands. As he drew nearer and nearer
I saw that he was dark and beardedand that his eyes were marked with
dark spectacles. He was dressed poorly but respectably in black
from the old black top hat on his head to the solid black boots
on his feet. In spite of these he walked straight into the sea
without a flash of hesitationand came on at me with the steadiness
of a travelling bullet.

I can't tell you the sense of monstrosity and miracle I had
when he thus silently burst the barrier between land and water.
It was as if he had walked straight off a cliff and still marched
steadily in mid-air. It was as if a house had flown up into the sky
or a man's head had fallen off. He was only wetting his boots;
but he seemed to be a demon disregarding a law of Nature. If he had
hesitated an instant at the water's edge it would have been nothing.
As it was, he seemed to look so much at me alone as not to notice the ocean.
Philip was some yards away with his back to me, bending over his net.
The stranger came on till he stood within two yards of me, the water
washing half-way up to his knees. Then he said, with a clearly modulated
and rather mincing articulation: `Would it discommode you to contribute
elsewhere a coin with a somewhat different superscription?'

With one exception there was nothing definably abnormal about him.
His tinted glasses were not really opaquebut of a blue kind common enough
nor were the eyes behind them shiftybut regarded me steadily.
His dark beard was not really long or wild--but he looked rather hairy
because the beard began very high up in his facejust under
the cheek-bones. His complexion was neither sallow nor livid
but on the contrary rather clear and youthful; yet this gave
a pink-and-white wax look which somehow (I don't know why) rather
increased the horror. The only oddity one could fix was that his nose
which was otherwise of a good shapewas just slightly turned sideways
at the tip; as ifwhen it was softit had been tapped on one side
with a toy hammer. The thing was hardly a deformity; yet I cannot
tell you what a living nightmare it was to me. As he stood there
in the sunset-stained water he affected me as some hellish sea-monster
just risen roaring out of a sea like blood. I don't know why
a touch on the nose should affect my imagination so much.


I think it seemed as if he could move his nose like a finger.
And as if he had just that moment moved it.

`Any little assistance,' he continued with the same queer,
priggish accent, `that may obviate the necessity of my communicating
with the family.'

Then it rushed over me that I was being blackmailed for
the theft of the bronze piece; and all my merely superstitious fears
and doubts were swallowed up in one overpoweringpractical question.
How could he have found out? I had stolen the thing suddenly and on impulse;
I was certainly alone; for I always made sure of being unobserved
when I slipped out to see Philip in this way. I had not
to all appearancebeen followed in the street; and if I had
they could not `X-ray' the coin in my closed hand. The man standing
on the sand-hills could no more have seen what I gave Philip than
shoot a fly in one eyelike the man in the fairy-tale.

`Philip,' I cried helplessly, `ask this man what he wants.'

When Philip lifted his head at last from mending his net
he looked rather redas if sulky or ashamed; but it may have been
only the exertion of stooping and the red evening light; I may have
only had another of the morbid fancies that seemed to be dancing about me.
He merely said gruffly to the man: `You clear out of this.'
Andmotioning me to followset off wading shoreward without paying
further attention to him. He stepped on to a stone breakwater that
ran out from among the roots of the sand-hillsand so struck homeward
perhaps thinking our incubus would find it less easy to walk on such
rough stonesgreen and slippery with seaweedthan wewho were young
and used to it. But my persecutor walked as daintily as he talked;
and he still followed mepicking his way and picking his phrases.
I heard his delicatedetestable voice appealing to me over my shoulder
until at lastwhen we had crested the sand-hillsPhilip's patience
(which was by no means so conspicuous on most occasions) seemed to snap.
He turned suddenlysaying`Go back. I can't talk to you now.'
And as the man hovered and opened his mouthPhilip struck him a buffet
on it that sent him flying from the top of the tallest sand-hill
to the bottom. I saw him crawling out belowcovered with sand.

This stroke comforted me somehow, though it might well increase
my peril; but Philip showed none of his usual elation at his own prowess.
Though as affectionate as ever, he still seemed cast down; and before
I could ask him anything fully, he parted with me at his own gate,
with two remarks that struck me as strange. He said that,
all things considered, I ought to put the coin back in the Collection;
but that he himself would keep it `for the present'. And then he added
quite suddenly and irrelevantly:, `You know Giles is back from Australia?'

The door of the tavern opened and the gigantic shadow of
the investigator Flambeau fell across the table. Father Brown
presented him to the lady in his own slightpersuasive style of speech
mentioning his knowledge and sympathy in such cases; and almost
without knowingthe girl was soon reiterating her story to two listeners.
But Flambeauas he bowed and sat downhanded the priest a small slip
of paper. Brown accepted it with some surprise and read on it:
Cab to Wagga Wagga, 379, Mafeking Avenue, Putney.The girl was going
on with her story.

I went up the steep street to my own house with my head in a whirl;
it bad not begun to clear when I came to the doorstep, on which
I found a milk-can--and the man with the twisted nose. The milk-can
told me the servants were all out; for, of course, Arthur,
browsing about in his brown dressing-gown in a brown study,


would not hear or answer a bell. Thus there was no one to help me
in the house, except my brother, whose help must be my ruin.
In desperation I thrust two shillings into the horrid thing's hand,
and told him to call again in a few days, when I had thought it out.
He went off sulking, but more sheepishly than I had expected-perhaps
he had been shaken by his fall--and I watched the star of sand
splashed on his back receding down the road with a horrid vindictive
pleasure. He turned a corner some six houses down.

Then I let myself inmade myself some teaand tried to
think it out. I sat at the drawing-room window looking on to the garden
which still glowed with the last full evening light. But I was too
distracted and dreamy to look at the lawns and flower-pots and flower-beds
with any concentration. So I took the shock the more sharply because
I'd seen it so slowly.

The man or monster I'd sent away was standing quite still
in the middle of the garden. Oh, we've all read a lot about
pale-faced phantoms in the dark; but this was more dreadful
than anything of that kind could ever be. Because, though he cast
a long evening shadow, he still stood in warm sunlight. And because
his face was not pale, but had that waxen bloom still upon it
that belongs to a barber's dummy. He stood quite still, with his face
towards me; and I can't tell you how horrid he looked among the tulips
and all those tall, gaudy, almost hothouse-looking flowers.
It looked as if we'd stuck up a waxwork instead of a statue in
the centre of our garden.

Yet almost the instant he saw me move in the window he turned
and ran out of the garden by the back gatewhich stood open and
by which he had undoubtedly entered. This renewed timidity on his part
was so different from the impudence with which he had walked into the sea
that I felt vaguely comforted. I fanciedperhapsthat he feared
confronting Arthur more than I knew. AnyhowI settled down at last
and had a quiet dinner alone (for it was against the rules to
disturb Arthur when he was rearranging the museum)andmy thoughts
a little releasedfled to Philip and lost themselvesI suppose.
AnyhowI was looking blanklybut rather pleasantly than otherwise
at another windowuncurtainedbut by this time black as a slate
with the final night-fall. It seemed to me that something like a snail
was on the outside of the window-pane. But when I stared harder
it was more like a man's thumb pressed on the pane; it had that curled look
that a thumb has. With my fear and courage re-awakened together
I rushed at the window and then recoiled with a strangled scream
that any man but Arthur must have heard.

For it was not a thumb, any more than it was a snail.
It was the tip of a crooked nose, crushed against the glass;
it looked white with the pressure; and the staring face and eyes
behind it were at first invisible and afterwards grey like a ghost.
I slammed the shutters together somehow, rushed up to my room and
locked myself in. But, even as I passed, I could swear I saw
a second black window with something on it that was like a snail.

It might be best to go to Arthur after all. If the thing
was crawling close all around the house like a catit might have
purposes worse even than blackmail. My brother might cast me out
and curse me for everbut he was a gentlemanand would defend me
on the spot. After ten minutes' curious thinkingI went down
knocked on the door and then went in: to see the last and worst sight.

My brother's chair was empty, and he was obviously out.
But the man with the crooked nose was sitting waiting for his return,
with his hat still insolently on his head, and actually reading


one of my brother's books under my brother's lamp. His face was composed
and occupied, but his nose-tip still had the air of being the most mobile
part of his face, as if it had just turned from left to right like
an elephant's proboscis. I had thought him poisonous enough while
he was pursuing and watching me; but I think his unconsciousness
of my presence was more frightful still.

I think I screamed loud and long; but that doesn't matter.
What I did next does matter: I gave him all the money I had
including a good deal in paper whichthough it was mineI dare say
I had no right to touch. He went off at lastwith hateful
tactful regrets all in long words; and I sat downfeeling ruined
in every sense. And yet I was saved that very night by a pure accident.
Arthur had gone off suddenly to Londonas he so often didfor bargains;
and returnedlate but radianthaving nearly secured a treasure
that was an added splendour even to the family Collection.
He was so resplendent that I was almost emboldened to confess
the abstraction of the lesser gem--but he bore down all other topics
with his over-powering projects. Because the bargain might still
misfire any momenthe insisted on my packing at once and going up
with him to lodgings he had already taken in Fulhamto be near
the curio-shop in question. Thus in spite of myselfI fled from my foe
almost in the dead of night--but from Philip also.... My brother
was often at the South Kensington Museumandin order to make
some sort of secondary life for myselfI paid for a few lessons
at the Art Schools. I was coming back from them this evening
when I saw the abomination of desolation walking alive down
the long straight street and the rest is as this gentleman has said.

I've got only one thing to say. I don't deserve to be helped;
and I don't question or complain of my punishment; it is just,
it ought to have happened. But I still question, with bursting brains,
how it can have happened. Am I punished by miracle? or how can anyone but
Philip and myself know I gave him a tiny coin in the middle of the sea?

It is an extraordinary problem,admitted Flambeau.

Not so extraordinary as the answer,remarked Father Brown
rather gloomily. "Miss Carstairswill you be at home if we call
at your Fulham place in an hour and a half hence?"

The girl looked at himand then rose and put her gloves on.
Yes,she saidI'll be there; and almost instantly left the place.

That night the detective and the priest were still talking
of the matter as they drew near the Fulham housea tenement
strangely mean even for a temporary residence of the Carstairs family.

Of course the superficial, on reflection,said Flambeau
would think first of this Australian brother who's been
in trouble before, who's come back so suddenly and who's just the man
to have shabby confederates. But I can't see how he can
come into the thing by any process of thought, unless

Well?" asked his companion patiently.

Flambeau lowered his voice. "Unless the girl's lover comes in
tooand he would be the blacker villain. The Australian chap
did know that Hawker wanted the coin. But I can't see how on earth
he could know that Hawker had got itunless Hawker signalled to him
or his representative across the shore."

That is true,assented the priestwith respect.


Have you noted another thing?went on Flambeau eagerly.
this Hawker hears his love insulted, but doesn't strike till he's got
to the soft sand-hills, where he can be victor in a mere sham-fight.
If he'd struck amid rocks and sea, he might have hurt his ally.

That is true again,said Father Brownnodding.

And now, take it from the start. It lies between few people,
but at least three. You want one person for suicide; two people
for murder; but at least three people for blackmail

Why?asked the priest softly.

Well, obviously,cried his friendthere must be one to be exposed;
one to threaten exposure; and one at least whom exposure would horrify.

After a long ruminant pausethe priest said: "You miss a logical step.
Three persons are needed as ideas. Only two are needed as agents."

What can you mean?asked the other.

Why shouldn't a blackmailer,asked Brownin a low voice
threaten his victim with himself? Suppose a wife became
a rigid teetotaller in order to frighten her husband into concealing
his pub-frequenting, and then wrote him blackmailing letters
in another hand, threatening to tell his wife! Why shouldn't it work?
Suppose a father forbade a son to gamble and then, following him
in a good disguise, threatened the boy with his own sham
paternal strictness! Suppose--but, here we are, my friend.

My God!cried Flambeau; "you don't mean--"

An active figure ran down the steps of the house and showed
under the golden lamplight the unmistakable head that resembled
the Roman coin. "Miss Carstairs said Hawker without ceremony,
wouldn't go in till you came."

Well,observed Brown confidentlydon't you think it's
the best thing she can do to stop outside--with you to look after her?
You see, I rather guess you have guessed it all yourself.

Yes,said the young manin an undertoneI guessed
on the sands and now I know; that was why I let him fall soft.

Taking a latchkey from the girl and the coin from Hawker
Flambeau let himself and his friend into the empty house and passed
into the outer parlour. It was empty of all occupants but one.
The man whom Father Brown had seen pass the tavern was standing
against the wall as if at bay; unchangedsave that he had taken off
his black coat and was wearing a brown dressing-gown.

We have come,said Father Brown politelyto give back
this coin to its owner.And he handed it to the man with the nose.

Flambeau's eyes rolled. "Is this man a coin-collector?" he asked.

This man is Mr Arthur Carstairs,said the priest positively
and he is a coin-collector of a somewhat singular kind.

The man changed colour so horribly that the crooked nose
stood out on his face like a separate and comic thing. He spoke
neverthelesswith a sort of despairing dignity. "You shall see
then he said, that I have not lost all the family qualities."
And he turned suddenly and strode into an inner roomslamming the door.


Stop him!shouted Father Brownbounding and half falling
over a chair; andafter a wrench or twoFlambeau had the door open.
But it was too late. In dead silence Flambeau strode across
and telephoned for doctor and police.

An empty medicine bottle lay on the floor. Across the table
the body of the man in the brown dressing-gown lay amid his burst
and gaping brown-paper parcels; out of which poured and rolled
not Romanbut very modern English coins.

The priest held up the bronze head of Caesar. "This he said,
was all that was left of the Carstairs Collection."

After a silence he went onwith more than common gentleness:
It was a cruel will his wicked father made, and you see he did
resent it a little. He hated the Roman money he had, and grew fonder
of the real money denied him. He not only sold the Collection
bit by bit, but sank bit by bit to the basest ways of making money-even
to blackmailing his own family in a disguise. He blackmailed
his brother from Australia for his little forgotten crime (that is why
he took the cab to Wagga Wagga in Putney), he blackmailed his sister
for the theft he alone could have noticed. And that, by the way,
is why she had that supernatural guess when he was away on the sand-dunes.
Mere figure and gait, however distant, are more likely to remind us
of somebody than a well-made-up face quite close.

There was another silence. "Well growled the detective,
and so this great numismatist and coin-collector was nothing but
a vulgar miser."

Is there so great a difference?asked Father Brownin the same
strangeindulgent tone. "What is there wrong about a miser that is
not often as wrong about a collector? What is wrongexcept...
thou shalt not make to thyself any graven image; thou shalt not
bow down to them nor serve themfor I...but we must go and see how
the poor young people are getting on."

I think,said Flambeauthat in spite of everything,
they are probably getting on very well.

SEVEN

The Purple Wig

MR EDWARD NUTTthe industrious editor of the Daily Reformer
sat at his deskopening letters and marking proofs to the merry tune
of a typewriterworked by a vigorous young lady.

He was a stoutishfair manin his shirt-sleeves; his movements
were resolutehis mouth firm and his tones final; but his round
rather babyish blue eyes had a bewildered and even wistful look
that rather contradicted all this. Nor indeed was the expression
altogether misleading. It might truly be said of himas for many
journalists in authoritythat his most familiar emotion was one of
continuous fear; fear of libel actionsfear of lost advertisements
fear of misprintsfear of the sack.

His life was a series of distracted compromises between


the proprietor of the paper (and of him)who was a senile soap-boiler
with three ineradicable mistakes in his mindand the very able staff
he had collected to run the paper; some of whom were brilliant
and experienced men and (what was even worse) sincere enthusiasts
for the political policy of the paper.

A letter from one of these lay immediately before him
and rapid and resolute as he washe seemed almost to hesitate
before opening it. He took up a strip of proof insteadran down it
with a blue eyeand a blue pencilaltered the word "adultery"
to the word "impropriety and the word Jew" to the word "Alien
rang a bell and sent it flying upstairs.

Then, with a more thoughtful eye, he ripped open the letter from his
more distinguished contributor, which bore a postmark of Devonshire,
and read as follows:

DEAR NUTT,--As I see you're working Spooks and Dooks at the same time,
what about an article on that rum business of the Eyres of Exmoor;
or as the old women call it down here, the Devil's Ear of Eyre?
The head of the family, you know, is the Duke of Exmoor; he is one of
the few really stiff old Tory aristocrats left, a sound old crusted tyrant
it is quite in our line to make trouble about. And I think I'm
on the track of a story that will make trouble.

Of course I don't believe in the old legend about James I;
and as for you, you don't believe in anything, not even in journalism.
The legend, you'll probably remember, was about the blackest business
in English history--the poisoning of Overbury by that witch's cat
Frances Howard, and the quite mysterious terror which forced the King
to pardon the murderers. There was a lot of alleged witchcraft
mixed up with it; and the story goes that a man-servant listening
at the keyhole heard the truth in a talk between the King and Carr;
and the bodily ear with which he heard grew large and monstrous
as by magic, so awful was the secret. And though he had to be loaded
with lands and gold and made an ancestor of dukes, the elf-shaped ear
is still recurrent in the family. Well, you don't believe in black magic;
and if you did, you couldn't use it for copy. If a miracle happened
in your office, you'd have to hush it up, now so many bishops
are agnostics. But that is not the point The point is that
there really is something queer about Exmoor and his family;
something quite natural, I dare say, but quite abnormal.
And the Ear is in it somehow, I fancy; either a symbol or a delusion
or disease or something. Another tradition says that Cavaliers
just after James I began to wear their hair long only to cover
the ear of the first Lord Exmoor. This also is no doubt fanciful.

The reason I point it out to you is this: It seems to me that
we make a mistake in attacking aristocracy entirely for its champagne
and diamonds. Most men rather admire the nobs for having a good time,
but I think we surrender too much when we admit that aristocracy
has made even the aristocrats happy. I suggest a series of articles
pointing out how dreary, how inhuman, how downright diabolist,
is the very smell and atmosphere of some of these great houses.
There are plenty of instances; but you couldn't begin with a better one
than the Ear of the Eyres. By the end of the week I think I can
get you the truth about it.--Yours ever, FRANCIS FINN.

Mr Nutt reflected a moment, staring at his left boot;
then he called out in a strong, loud and entirely lifeless voice,
in which every syllable sounded alike: Miss Barlowtake down
a letter to Mr Finnplease."

DEAR FINN--I think it would do; copy should reach us second post


Saturday.--YoursE. NUTT.

This elaborate epistle he articulated as if it were all one word;
and Miss Barlow rattled it down as if it were all one word.
Then he took up another strip of proof and a blue pencil
and altered the word "supernatural" to the word "marvellous"
and the expression "shoot down" to the expression "repress".

In such happyhealthful activities did Mr Nutt disport himself
until the ensuing Saturday found him at the same deskdictating to
the same typistand using the same blue pencil on the first instalment
of Mr Finn's revelations. The opening was a sound piece of slashing
invective about the evil secrets of princesand despair in the high places
of the earth. Though written violentlyit was in excellent English;
but the editoras usualhad given to somebody else the task
of breaking it up into sub-headingswhich were of a spicier sort
as "Peeress and Poisons"and "The Eerie Ear"The Eyres in their Eyrie
and so on through a hundred happy changes. Then followed the legend
of the Earamplified from Finn's first letterand then the substance
of his later discoveriesas follows:

I know it is the practice of journalists to put the end of the story
at the beginning and call it a headline. I know that journalism
largely consists in saying "Lord Jones Dead" to people who never knew
that Lord Jones was alive. Your present correspondent thinks that this
like many other journalistic customsis bad journalism; and that
the Daily Reformer has to set a better example in such things.
He proposes to tell his story as it occurredstep by step.
He will use the real names of the partieswho in most cases are ready
to confirm his testimony. As for the headlinesthe sensational
proclamations--they will come at the end.

I was walking along a public path that threads through
a private Devonshire orchard and seems to point towards Devonshire cider
when I came suddenly upon just such a place as the path suggested.
It was a longlow innconsisting really of a cottage and two barns;
thatched all over with the thatch that looks like brown and grey hair
grown before history. But outside the door was a sign which
called it the Blue Dragon; and under the sign was one of those long
rustic tables that used to stand outside most of the free English inns
before teetotallers and brewers between them destroyed freedom.
And at this table sat three gentlemenwho might have lived
a hundred years ago.

Now that I know them all betterthere is no difficulty
about disentangling the impressions; but just then they looked like
three very solid ghosts. The dominant figureboth because he was
bigger in all three dimensionsand because he sat centrally
in the length of the tablefacing mewas a tallfat man dressed
completely in blackwith a rubicundeven apoplectic visage
but a rather bald and rather bothered brow. Looking at him again
more strictlyI could not exactly say what it was that gave me
the sense of antiquityexcept the antique cut of his white
clerical necktie and the barred wrinkles across his brow.

It was even less easy to fix the impression in the case of
the man at the right end of the tablewhoto say truth
was as commonplace a person as could be seen anywherewith a round
brown-haired head and a round snub nosebut also clad in clerical black
of a stricter cut. It was only when I saw his broad curved hat lying
on the table beside him that I realized why I connected him with
anything ancient. He was a Roman Catholic priest.


Perhaps the third manat the other end of the table
had really more to do with it than the restthough he was both
slighter in physical presence and more inconsiderate in his dress.
His lank limbs were cladI might also say clutchedin very tight
grey sleeves and pantaloons; he had a longsallowaquiline face
which seemed somehow all the more saturnine because his lantern jaws
were imprisoned in his collar and neck-cloth more in the style of
the old stock; and his hair (which ought to have been dark brown)
was of an odd dimrusset colour whichin conjunction with
his yellow facelooked rather purple than red. The unobtrusive
yet unusual colour was all the more notable because his hair was
almost unnaturally healthy and curlingand he wore it full.
Butafter all analysisI incline to think that what gave me
my first old-fashioned impression was simply a set of tall
old-fashioned wine-glassesone or two lemons and two churchwarden pipes.
And alsoperhapsthe old-world errand on which I had come.

Being a hardened reporterand it being apparently a public inn
I did not need to summon much of my impudence to sit down at
the long table and order some cider. The big man in black seemed
very learnedespecially about local antiquities; the small man in black
though he talked much lesssurprised me with a yet wider culture.
So we got on very well together; but the third manthe old gentleman
in the tight pantaloonsseemed rather distant and haughty
until I slid into the subject of the Duke of Exmoor and his ancestry.

I thought the subject seemed to embarrass the other two a little;
but it broke the spell of the third man's silence most successfully.
Speaking with restraint and with the accent of a highly educated gentleman
and puffing at intervals at his long churchwarden pipehe proceeded
to tell me some of the most horrible stories I have ever heard in my life:
how one of the Eyres in the former ages had hanged his own father;
and another had his wife scourged at the cart tail through the village;
and another had set fire to a church full of childrenand so on.

Some of the talesindeedare not fit for public print--
such as the story of the Scarlet Nunsthe abominable story of
the Spotted Dogor the thing that was done in the quarry.
And all this red roll of impieties came from his thingenteel lips
rather primly than otherwiseas he sat sipping the wine out of
his tallthin glass.

I could see that the big man opposite me was trying
if anythingto stop him; but he evidently held the old gentleman
in considerable respectand could not venture to do so at all abruptly.
And the little priest at the other end of the-tablethough free from
any such air of embarrassmentlooked steadily at the table
and seemed to listen to the recital with great pain--as well as he might.

You don't seem,I said to the narratorto be very fond of
the Exmoor pedigree.

He looked at me a momenthis lips still primbut whitening
and tightening; then he deliberately broke his long pipe and glass
on the table and stood upthe very picture of a perfect gentleman
with the framing temper of a fiend.

These gentlemen,he saidwill tell you whether I have cause
to like it. The curse of the Eyres of old has lain heavy on this country,
and many have suffered from it. They know there are none who have
suffered from it as I have.And with that he crushed a piece of
the fallen glass under his heeland strode away among the green twilight
of the twinkling apple-trees.


That is an extraordinary old gentleman,I said to the other two;
do you happen to know what the Exmoor family has done to him? Who is he?

The big man in black was staring at me with the wild air of
a baffled bull; he did not at first seem to take it in. Then he said
at lastDon't you know who he is?

I reaffirmed my ignoranceand there was another silence;
then the little priest saidstill looking at the tableThat is
the Duke of Exmoor.

Thenbefore I could collect my scattered senseshe added
equally quietlybut with an air of regularizing things:
My friend here is Doctor Mull, the Duke's librarian. My name is Brown.

But,I stammeredif that is the Duke, why does he damn all
the old dukes like that?

He seems really to believe,answered the priest called Brown
that they have left a curse on him.Then he addedwith some irrelevance
That's why he wears a wig.

It was a few moments before his meaning dawned on me.
You don't mean that fable about the fantastic ear?I demanded.
I've heard of it, of course, but surely it must be a superstitious yarn
spun out of something much simpler. I've sometimes thought it was
a wild version of one of those mutilation stories. They used to crop
criminals' ears in the sixteenth century.

I hardly think it was that,answered the little man thoughtfully
but it is not outside ordinary science or natural law for a family
to have some deformity frequently reappearing--such as one ear bigger
than the other.

The big librarian had buried his big bald brow in his big red hands
like a man trying to think out his duty. "No he groaned.
You do the man a wrong after all. UnderstandI've no reason
to defend himor even keep faith with him. He has been a tyrant to me
as to everybody else. Don't fancy because you see him sitting here
that he isn't a great lord in the worst sense of the word.
He would fetch a man a mile to ring a bell a yard off--if it would
summon another man three miles to fetch a matchbox three yards off.
He must have a footman to carry his walking-stick; a body servant
to hold up his opera-glasses--"

But not a valet to brush his clothes,cut in the priest
with a curious drynessfor the valet would want to brush his wig, too.

The librarian turned to him and seemed to forget my presence;
he was strongly moved andI thinka little heated with wine.
I don't know how you know it, Father Brown,he saidbut you are right.
He lets the whole world do everything for him--except dress him.
And that he insists on doing in a literal solitude like a desert.
Anybody is kicked out of the house without a character who is
so much as found near his dressing-room door.,

He seems a pleasant old party I remarked.

No replied Dr Mull quite simply; and yet that is just what
I mean by saying you are unjust to him after all. Gentlementhe Duke
does really feel the bitterness about the curse that he uttered just now.
He doeswith sincere shame and terrorhide under that purple wig
something he thinks it would blast the sons of man to see.
I know it is so; and I know it is not a mere natural disfigurement


like a criminal mutilationor a hereditary disproportion in the features.
I know it is worse than that; because a man told me who was present
at a scene that no man could inventwhere a stronger man than
any of us tried to defy the secretand was scared away from it."


I opened my mouth to speakbut Mull went on in oblivion of me
speaking out of the cavern of his hands. "I don't mind telling you
Fatherbecause it's really more defending the poor Duke than
giving him away. Didn't you ever hear of the time when he
very nearly lost all the estates?"

The priest shook his head; and the librarian proceeded to
tell the tale as he had heard it from his predecessor in the same post
who had been his patron and instructorand whom he seemed to trust
implicitly. Up to a certain point it was a common enough tale
of the decline of a great family's fortunes--the tale of a family lawyer.
His lawyerhoweverhad the sense to cheat honestlyif the expression
explains itself. Instead of using funds he held in trust
he took advantage of the Duke's carelessness to put the family in
a financial holein which it might be necessary for the Duke to
let him hold them in reality.

The lawyer's name was Isaac Greenbut the Duke always called him
Elisha; presumably in reference to the fact that he was quite bald
though certainly not more than thirty. He had risen very rapidly
but from very dirty beginnings; being first a "nark" or informer
and then a money-lender: but as solicitor to the Eyres he had the sense
as I sayto keep technically straight until he was ready to deal
the final blow. The blow fell at dinner; and the old librarian said
he should never forget the very look of the lampshades and the decanters
as the little lawyerwith a steady smileproposed to the great landlord
that they should halve the estates between them. The sequel certainly
could not be overlooked; for the Dukein dead silencesmashed
a decanter on the man's bald head as suddenly as I had seen him smash
the glass that day in the orchard. It left a red triangular scar
on the scalpand the lawyer's eyes alteredbut not his smile.

He rose tottering to his feetand struck back as such men do strike.
I am glad of that,he saidfor now I can take the whole estate.
The law will give it to me.

Exmoorit seemswas white as ashesbut his eyes still blazed.
The law will give it you,he said; "but you will not take it....
Why not? Why? because it would mean the crack of doom for me
and if you take it I shall take off my wig.... Whyyou pitiful
plucked fowlanyone can see your bare head. But no man shall
see mine and live."

Wellyou may say what you like and make it mean what you like.
But Mull swears it is the solemn fact that the lawyerafter shaking
his knotted fists in the air for an instantsimply ran from the room
and never reappeared in the countryside; and since then Exmoor has been
feared more for a warlock than even for a landlord and a magistrate.

Now Dr Mull told his story with rather wild theatrical gestures
and with a passion I think at least partisan. I was quite conscious
of the possibility that the whole was the extravagance of
an old braggart and gossip. But before I end this half of my discoveries
I think it due to Dr Mull to record that my two first inquiries
have confirmed his story. I learned from an old apothecary in the village
that there was a bald man in evening dressgiving the name of Green
who came to him one night to have a three-cornered cut on his forehead
plastered. And I learnt from the legal records and old newspapers
that there was a lawsuit threatenedand at least begunby one Green


against the Duke of Exmoor.

Mr Nuttof the Daily Reformerwrote some highly incongruous
words across the top of the copymade some highly mysterious marks
down the side of itand called to Miss Barlow in the same loud
monotonous voice: "Take down a letter to Mr Finn."

DEAR FINN--Your copy will dobut I have had to headline it a bit;
and our public would never stand a Romanist priest in the story-you
must keep your eye on the suburbs. I've altered him to Mr Brown
a Spiritualist.

Yours

E. NUTT.
A day or two afterward found the active and judicious editor
examiningwith blue eyes that seemed to grow rounder and rounder
the second instalment of Mr Finn's tale of mysteries in high life.
It began with the words:

I have made an astounding discovery. I freely confess it is
quite different from anything I expected to discoverand will give
a much more practical shock to the public. I venture to say
without any vanitythat the words I now write will be read all over Europe
and certainly all over America and the Colonies. And yet I heard
all I have to tell before I left this same little wooden table in this
same little wood of apple-trees.

I owe it all to the small priest Brown; he is an extraordinary man.
The big librarian had left the tableperhaps ashamed of his long tongue
perhaps anxious about the storm in which his mysterious master
had vanished: anywayhe betook himself heavily in the Duke's tracks
through the trees. Father Brown had picked up one of the lemons and
was eyeing it with an odd pleasure.

What a lovely colour a lemon is!he said. "There's one thing
I don't like about the Duke's wig--the colour."

I don't think I understand,I answered.

I dare say he's got good reason to cover his ears, like King Midas,
went on the priestwith a cheerful simplicity which somehow seemed
rather flippant under the circumstances. "I can quite understand
that it's nicer to cover them with hair than with brass plates or
leather flaps. But if he wants to use hairwhy doesn't he make it
look like hair? There never was hair of that colour in this world.
It looks more like a sunset-cloud coming through the wood.
Why doesn't he conceal the family curse betterif he's really
so ashamed of it? Shall I tell you? It's because he isn't ashamed of it.
He's proud of it"

It's an ugly wig to be proud of--and an ugly story,I said.

Consider,replied this curious little manhow you yourself
really feel about such things. I don't suggest you're either
more snobbish or more morbid than the rest of us: but don't you feel
in a vague way that a genuine old family curse is rather a fine thing
to have? Would you be ashamed, wouldn't you be a little proud,
if the heir of the Glamis horror called you his friend? or if Byron's
family had confided, to you only, the evil adventures of their race?


Don't be too hard on the aristocrats themselves if their heads are
as weak as ours would be, and they are snobs about their own sorrows.

By Jove!I cried; "and that's true enough. My own mother's family
had a banshee; andnow I come to think of itit has comforted me
in many a cold hour."

And think,he went onof that stream of blood and poison
that spurted from his thin lips the instant you so much as mentioned
his ancestors. Why should he show every stranger over such
a Chamber of Horrors unless he is proud of it? He doesn't conceal his wig,
he doesn't conceal his blood, he doesn't conceal his family curse,
he doesn't conceal the family crimes--but--

The little man's voice changed so suddenlyhe shut his hand
so sharplyand his eyes so rapidly grew rounder and brighter
like a waking owl'sthat it had all the abruptness of a small explosion
on the table.

But,he endedhe does really conceal his toilet.

It somehow completed the thrill of my fanciful nerves that
at that instant the Duke appeared again silently among the glimmering trees
with his soft foot and sunset-hued haircoming round the corner of
the house in company with his librarian. Before he came within earshot
Father Brown had added quite composedlyWhy does he really hide
the secret of what he does with the purple wig? Because it isn't
the sort of secret we suppose.

The Duke came round the corner and resumed his seat at the head
of the table with all his native dignity. The embarrassment of
the librarian left him hovering on his hind legslike a huge bear.
The Duke addressed the priest with great seriousness. "Father Brown
he said, Doctor Mull informs me that you have come here to make a request.
I no longer profess an observance of the religion of my fathers;
but for their sakesand for the sake of the days when we met before
I am very willing to hear you. But I presume you would rather
be heard in private."

Whatever I retain of the gentleman made me stand up.
Whatever I have attained of the journalist made me stand still.
Before this paralysis could passthe priest had made a momentarily
detaining motion. "If he said, your Grace will permit me
my real petitionor if I retain any right to advise youI would urge
that as many people as possible should be present. All over this country
I have found hundredseven of my own faith and flockwhose imaginations
are poisoned by the spell which I implore you to break. I wish we could
have all Devonshire here to see you do it."

To see me do what?asked the Dukearching his eyebrows.

To see you take off your wig,said Father Brown.

The Duke's face did not move; but he looked at his petitioner
with a glassy stare which was the most awful expression I have ever seen
on a human face. I could see the librarian's great legs wavering
under him like the shadows of stems in a pool; and I could not banish
from my own brain the fancy that the trees all around us were
filling softly in the silence with devils instead of birds.

I spare you,said the Duke in a voice of inhuman pity.
I refuse. If I gave you the faintest hint of the load of horror
I have to bear alone, you would lie shrieking at these feet of mine
and begging to know no more. I will spare you the hint.


You shall not spell the first letter of what is written on
the altar of the Unknown God.

I know the Unknown God,said the little priestwith an
unconscious grandeur of certitude that stood up like a granite tower.
I know his name; it is Satan. The true God was made flesh
and dwelt among us. And I say to you, wherever you find men ruled
merely by mystery, it is the mystery of iniquity. If the devil
tells you something is too fearful to look at, look at it.
If he says something is too terrible to hear, hear it. If you think
some truth unbearable, bear it. I entreat your Grace to end
this nightmare now and here at this table.

If I did,said the Duke in a low voiceyou and all you believe,
and all by which alone you live, would be the first to shrivel and perish.
You would have an instant to know the great Nothing before you died.

The Cross of Christ be between me and harm,said Father Brown.
Take off your wig.

I was leaning over the table in ungovernable excitement;
in listening to this extraordinary duel half a thought had
come into my head. "Your Grace I cried, I call your bluff.
Take off that wig or I will knock it off."

I suppose I can be prosecuted for assaultbut I am very glad
I did it. When he saidin the same voice of stoneI refuse,
I simply sprang on him. For three long instants he strained against me
as if he had all hell to help him; but I forced his head until
the hairy cap fell off it. I admit thatwhilst wrestling
I shut my eyes as it fell.

I was awakened by a cry from Mullwho was also by this time
at the Duke's side. His head and mine were both bending over
the bald head of the wigless Duke. Then the silence was snapped
by the librarian exclaiming: "What can it mean? Whythe man had
nothing to hide. His ears are just like everybody else's."

Yes,said Father Brownthat is what he had to hide.

The priest walked straight up to himbut strangely enough
did not even glance at his ears. He stared with an almost comical
seriousness at his bald foreheadand pointed to a three-cornered
cicatricelong healedbut still discernible. "Mr GreenI think."
he said politelyand he did get the whole estate after all.

And now let me tell the readers of the Daily Reformer
what I think the most remarkable thing in the whole affair.
This transformation scenewhich will seem to you as wild and purple
as a Persian fairy-talehas been (except for my technical assault)
strictly legal and constitutional from its first beginnings.
This man with the odd scar and the ordinary ears is not an impostor.
Though (in one sense) he wears another man's wig and claims
another man's earhe has not stolen another man's coronet.
He really is the one and only Duke of Exmoor. What happened was this.
The old Duke really had a slight malformation of the earwhich really
was more or less hereditary. He really was morbid about it;
and it is likely enough that he did invoke it as a kind of curse
in the violent scene (which undoubtedly happened) in which he struck
Green with the decanter. But the contest ended very differently.
Green pressed his claim and got the estates; the dispossessed nobleman
shot himself and died without issue. After a decent interval
the beautiful English Government revived the "extinct" peerage of Exmoor
and bestowed itas is usualon the most important person


the person who had got the property.

This man used the old feudal fables--properlyin his snobbish soul
really envied and admired them. So that thousands of poor English people
trembled before a mysterious chieftain with an ancient destiny and
a diadem of evil stars--when they are really trembling before
a guttersnipe who was a pettifogger and a pawnbroker not twelve years ago.
I think it very typical of the real case against our aristocracy as it is
and as it will be till God sends us braver men.

Mr Nutt put down the manuscript and called out with unusual
sharpness: "Miss Barlowplease take down a letter to Mr Finn."

DEAR FINN--You must be mad; we can't touch this. I wanted vampires
and the bad old days and aristocracy hand-in-hand with superstition.
They like that But you must know the Exmoors would never forgive this.
And what would our people say thenI should like to know! WhySir Simon
is one of Exmoor's greatest pals; and it would ruin that cousin of
the Eyres that's standing for us at Bradford. Besidesold Soap-Suds
was sick enough at not getting his peerage last year; he'd sack me by wire
if I lost him it with such lunacy as this. And what about Duffey?
He's doing us some rattling articles on "The Heel of the Norman."
And how can he write about Normans if the man's only a solicitor?
Do be reasonable.--YoursE. NUTT.

As Miss Barlow rattled away cheerfullyhe crumpled up the copy
and tossed it into the waste-paper basket; but not before he had
automatically and by force of habitaltered the word "God"
to the word "circumstances."

EIGHT

The Perishing of the Pendragons

FATHER BROWN was in no mood for adventures. He had lately fallen ill
with over-workand when he began to recoverhis friend Flambeau
had taken him on a cruise in a small yacht with Sir Cecil Fanshaw
a young Cornish squire and an enthusiast for Cornish coast scenery.
But Brown was still rather weak; he was no very happy sailor;
and though he was never of the sort that either grumbles or breaks down
his spirits did not rise above patience and civility. When the other
two men praised the ragged violet sunset or the ragged volcanic crags
he agreed with them. When Flambeau pointed out a rock shaped
like a dragonhe looked at it and thought it very like a dragon.
When Fanshaw more excitedly indicated a rock that was like Merlin
he looked at itand signified assent. When Flambeau asked whether
this rocky gate of the twisted river was not the gate of Fairyland
he said "Yes." He heard the most important things and the most trivial
with the same tasteless absorption. He heard that the coast was death
to all but careful seamen; he also heard that the ship's cat was asleep.
He heard that Fanshaw couldn't find his cigar-holder anywhere;
he also heard the pilot deliver the oracle "Both eyes bright
she's all right; one eye winksdown she sinks." He heard Flambeau
say to Fanshaw that no doubt this meant the pilot must keep both eyes
open and be spry. And he heard Fanshaw say to Flambeau that
oddly enoughit didn't mean this: it meant that while they
saw two of the coast lightsone near and the other distant
exactly side by sidethey were in the right river-channel;
but that if one light was hidden behind the otherthey were going



on the rocks. He heard Fanshaw add that his country was full of
such quaint fables and idioms; it was the very home of romance;
he even pitted this part of Cornwall against Devonshireas a claimant
to the laurels of Elizabethan seamanship. According to him
there had been captains among these coves and islets compared with whom
Drake was practically a landsman. He heard Flambeau laughand ask if
perhapsthe adventurous title of "Westward Ho!" only meant that
all Devonshire men wished they were living in Cornwall. He heard Fanshaw
say there was no need to be silly; that not only had Cornish captains
been heroesbut that they were heroes still: that near that very spot
there was an old admiralnow retiredwho was scarred by thrilling voyages
full of adventures; and who had in his youth found the last group
of eight Pacific Islands that was added to the chart of the world.
This Cecil Fanshaw wasin personof the kind that commonly urges
such crude but pleasing enthusiasms; a very young manlight-haired
high-colouredwith an eager profile; with a boyish bravado of spirits
but an almost girlish delicacy of tint and type. The big shoulders
black brows and black mousquetaire swagger of Flambeau
were a great contrast.

All these trivialities Brown heard and saw; but heard them
as a tired man hears a tune in the railway wheelsor saw them
as a sick man sees the pattern of his wall-paper. No one can calculate
the turns of mood in convalescence: but Father Brown's depression
must have had a great deal to do with his mere unfamiliarity with the sea.
For as the river mouth narrowed like the neck of a bottle
and the water grew calmer and the air warmer and more earthly
he seemed to wake up and take notice like a baby. They had reached
that phase just after sunset when air and water both look bright
but earth and all its growing things look almost black by comparison.
About this particular eveninghoweverthere was something exceptional.
It was one of those rare atmospheres in which a smoked-glass slide
seems to have been slid away from between us and Nature; so that even
dark colours on that day look more gorgeous than bright colours
on cloudier days. The trampled earth of the river-banks and
the peaty stain in the pools did not look drab but glowing umber
and the dark woods astir in the breeze did not lookas usualdim blue
with mere depth of distancebut more like wind-tumbled masses of some
vivid violet blossom. This magic clearness and intensity in the colours
was further forced on Brown's slowly reviving senses by something
romantic and even secret in the very form of the landscape.

The river was still well wide and deep enough for a pleasure boat
so small as theirs; but the curves of the country-side suggested
that it was closing in on either hand; the woods seemed to be making
broken and flying attempts at bridge-building--as if the boat
were passing from the romance of a valley to the romance of a hollow
and so to the supreme romance of a tunnel. Beyond this mere
look of things there was little for Brown's freshening fancy to feed on;
he saw no human beingsexcept some gipsies trailing along the river bank
with faggots and osiers cut in the forest; and one sight
no longer unconventionalbut in such remote parts still uncommon:
a dark-haired ladybare-headedand paddling her own canoe.
If Father Brown ever attached any importance to either of these
he certainly forgot them at the next turn of the river which
brought in sight a singular object.

The water seemed to widen and splitbeing cloven by the dark wedge
of a fish-shaped and wooded islet. With the rate at which they went
the islet seemed to swim towards them like a ship; a ship with
a very high prow--orto speak more strictlya very high funnel.
For at the extreme point nearest them stood up an odd-looking building
unlike anything they could remember or connect with any purpose.
It was not specially highbut it was too high for its breadth


to be called anything but a tower. Yet it appeared to be built
entirely of woodand that in a most unequal and eccentric way.
Some of the planks and beams were of goodseasoned oak; some of
such wood cut raw and recent; some again of white pinewood
and a great deal more of the same sort of wood painted black with tar.
These black beams were set crooked or crisscross at all kinds of angles
giving the whole a most patchy and puzzling appearance.
There were one or two windowswhich appeared to be coloured and
leaded in an old-fashioned but more elaborate style. The travellers
looked at it with that paradoxical feeling we have when something
reminds us of somethingand yet we are certain it is something
very different.


Father Browneven when he was mystifiedwas clever in analysing
his own mystification. And he found himself reflecting that
the oddity seemed to consist in a particular shape cut out in
an incongruous material; as if one saw a top-hat made of tin
or a frock-coat cut out of tartan. He was sure he had seen timbers
of different tints arranged like that somewherebut never
in such architectural proportions. The next moment a glimpse
through the dark trees told him all he wanted to know and he laughed.
Through a gap in the foliage there appeared for a moment one of those
old wooden housesfaced with black beamswhich are still to be found
here and there in Englandbut which most of us see imitated
in some show called "Old London" or "Shakespeare's England'.
It was in view only long enough for the priest to see that
however old-fashionedit was a comfortable and well-kept country-house
with flower-beds in front of it. It had none of the piebald and crazy
look of the tower that seemed made out of its refuse.

What on earth's this?said Flambeauwho was still staring
at the tower.

Fanshaw's eyes were shiningand he spoke triumphantly.
Aha! you've not seen a place quite like this before, I fancy;
that's why I've brought you here, my friend. Now you shall see
whether I exaggerate about the mariners of Cornwall. This place belongs
to Old Pendragon, whom we call the Admiral; though he retired
before getting the rank. The spirit of Raleigh and Hawkins is a memory
with the Devon folk; it's a modern fact with the Pendragons.
If Queen Elizabeth were to rise from the grave and come up this river
in a gilded barge, she would be received by the Admiral in a house
exactly such as she was accustomed to, in every corner and casement,
in every panel on the wall or plate on the table. And she would find
an English Captain still talking fiercely of fresh lands to be found
in little ships, as much as if she had dined with Drake.

She'd find a rum sort of thing in the garden,said Father Brown
which would not please her Renaissance eye. That Elizabethan domestic
architecture is charming in its way; but it's against the very nature
of it to break out into turrets.

And yet,answered Fanshawthat's the most romantic and
Elizabethan part of the business. It was built by the Pendragons
in the very days of the Spanish wars; and though it's needed patching
and even rebuilding for another reason, it's always been rebuilt
in the old way. The story goes that the lady of Sir Peter Pendragon
built it in this place and to this height, because from the top
you can just see the corner where vessels turn into the river mouth;
and she wished to be the first to see her husband's ship,
as he sailed home from the Spanish Main.

For what other reason,asked Father Browndo you mean that
it has been rebuilt?


Oh, there's a strange story about that, too,said the young squire
with relish. "You are really in a land of strange stories.
King Arthur was here and Merlin and the fairies before him.
The story goes that Sir Peter Pendragonwho (I fear) had some of
the faults of the pirates as well as the virtues of the sailor
was bringing home three Spanish gentlemen in honourable captivity
intending to escort them to Elizabeth's court. But he was a man
of flaming and tigerish temperand coming to high words with one of them
he caught him by the throat and flung him by accident or design
into the sea. A second Spaniardwho was the brother of the first
instantly drew his sword and flew at Pendragonand after a short but
furious combat in which both got three wounds in as many minutes
Pendragon drove his blade through the other's body and the second Spaniard
was accounted for. As it happened the ship had already turned
into the river mouth and was close to comparatively shallow water.
The third Spaniard sprang over the side of the shipstruck out
for the shoreand was soon near enough to it to stand up to his waist
in water. And turning again to face the shipand holding up both
arms to Heaven--like a prophet calling plagues upon a wicked city-he
called out to Pendragon in a piercing and terrible voice
that he at least was yet livingthat he would go on living
that he would live for ever; and that generation after generation
the house of Pendragon should never see him or hisbut should know
by very certain signs that he and his vengeance were alive.
With that he dived under the waveand was either drowned or swam
so long under water that no hair of his head was seen afterwards."

There's that girl in the canoe again,said Flambeau irrelevantly
for good-looking young women would call him off any topic.
She seems bothered by the queer tower just as we were.

Indeedthe black-haired young lady was letting her canoe float
slowly and silently past the strange islet; and was looking intently up
at the strange towerwith a strong glow of curiosity on her oval
and olive face.

Never mind girls,said Fanshaw impatientlythere are plenty
of them in the world, but not many things like the Pendragon Tower.
As you may easily suppose, plenty of superstitions and scandals
have followed in the track of the Spaniard's curse; and no doubt,
as you would put it, any accident happening to this Cornish family
would be connected with it by rural credulity. But it is perfectly true
that this tower has been burnt down two or three times; and the family
can't be called lucky, for more than two, I think, of the Admiral's
near kin have perished by shipwreck; and one at least, to my own knowledge,
on practically the same spot where Sir Peter threw the Spaniard overboard.

What a pity!exclaimed Flambeau. "She's going."

When did your friend the Admiral tell you this family history?
asked Father Brownas the girl in the canoe paddled off
without showing the least intention of extending her interest from
the tower to the yachtwhich Fanshaw had already caused to lie
alongside the island.

Many years ago,replied Fanshaw; "he hasn't been to sea for
some time nowthough he is as keen on it as ever. I believe there's
a family compact or something. Wellhere's the landing stage;
let's come ashore and see the old boy."

They followed him on to the islandjust under the tower
and Father Brownwhether from the mere touch of dry landor the interest
of something on the other bank of the river (which he stared at


very hard for some seconds)seemed singularly improved in briskness.
They entered a wooded avenue between two fences of thin greyish wood
such as often enclose parks or gardensand over the top of which
the dark trees tossed to and fro like black and purple plumes upon
the hearse of a giant. The toweras they left it behind
looked all the quainterbecause such entrances are usually flanked
by two towers; and this one looked lopsided. But for thisthe avenue
had the usual appearance of the entrance to a gentleman's grounds;
andbeing so curved that the house was now out of sight
somehow looked a much larger park than any plantation on such an island
could really be. Father Brown wasperhapsa little fanciful
in his fatiguebut he almost thought the whole place must be
growing largeras things do in a nightmare. Anyhowa mystical monotony
was the only character of their marchuntil Fanshaw suddenly stopped
and pointed to something sticking out through the grey fence-something
that looked at first rather like the imprisoned horn
of some beast. Closer observation showed that it was
a slightly curved blade of metal that shone faintly in the fading light.

Flambeauwho like all Frenchmen had been a soldierbent over it
and said in a startled voice: "Whyit's a sabre! I believe
I know the sortheavy and curvedbut shorter than the cavalry;
they used to have them in artillery and the--"

As he spoke the blade plucked itself out of the crack it had made
and came down again with a more ponderous slashsplitting
the fissiparous fence to the bottom with a rending noise.
Then it was pulled out againflashed above the fence some feet
further alongand again split it halfway down with the first stroke;
and after waggling a little to extricate itself (accompanied with
curses in the darkness) split it down to the ground with a second.
Then a kick of devilish energy sent the whole loosened square
of thin wood flying into the pathwayand a great gap of dark coppice
gaped in the paling.

Fanshaw peered into the dark opening and uttered an exclamation
of astonishment. "My dear Admiral!" he exclaimeddo you--er-do
you generally cut out a new front door whenever you want to
go for a walk?

The voice in the gloom swore againand then broke into a jolly laugh.
No,it said; "I've really got to cut down this fence somehow;
it's spoiling all the plantsand no one else here can do it.
But Ill only carve another bit off die front doorand then come out
and welcome you."

And sure enoughhe heaved up his weapon once moreand
hacking twicebrought down another and similar strip of fence
making the opening about fourteen feet wide in all. Then through this
larger forest gateway he came out into the evening light
with a chip of grey wood sticking to his sword-blade.

He momentarily fulfilled all Fanshaw's fable of an old piratical
Admiral; though the details seemed afterwards to decompose into accidents.
For instancehe wore a broad-brimmed hat as protection against the sun;
but the front flap of it was turned up straight to the skyand the
two corners pulled down lower than the earsso that it stood across
his forehead in a crescent like the old cocked hat worn by Nelson.
He wore an ordinary dark-blue jacketwith nothing special about
the buttonsbut the combination of it with white linen trousers
somehow had a sailorish look. He was tall and looseand walked with
a sort of swaggerwhich was not a sailor's rolland yet somehow
suggested it; and he held in his hand a short sabre which was like
a navy cutlassbut about twice as big. Under the bridge of the hat


his eagle face looked eagerall the more because it was not only
clean-shavenbut without eyebrows. It seemed almost as if all
the hair had come off his face from his thrusting it through
a throng of elements. His eyes were prominent and piercing.
His colour was curiously attractivewhile partly tropical;
it reminded one vaguely of a blood-orange. That isthat while it was
ruddy and sanguinethere was a yellow in it that was in no way sickly
but seemed rather to glow like gold apples of the Hesperides--
Father Brown thought he had never seen a figure so expressive
of all the romances about the countries of the Sun.

When Fanshaw had presented his two friends to their host
he fell again into a tone of rallying the latter about his wreckage
of the fence and his apparent rage of profanity. The Admiral pooh-poohed
it at first as a piece of necessary but annoying garden work;
but at length the ring of real energy came back into his laughter
and he cried with a mixture of impatience and good humour:

Well, perhaps I do go at it a bit rabidly, and feel
a kind of pleasure in smashing anything. So would you if your
only pleasure was in cruising about to find some new Cannibal Islands,
and you had to stick on this muddy little rockery in a sort of rustic pond.
When I remember how I've cut down a mile and a half of green poisonous
jungle with an old cutlass half as sharp as this; and then remember
I must stop here and chop this matchwood, because of some confounded
old bargain scribbled in a family Bible, why, I--

He swung up the heavy steel again; and this time sundered
the wall of wood from top to bottom at one stroke.

I feel like that,he said laughingbut furiously flinging
the sword some yards down the pathand now let's go up to the house;
you must have some dinner.

The semicircle of lawn in front of the house was varied by
three circular garden bedsone of red tulipsa second of
yellow tulipsand the third of some whitewaxen-looking blossoms
that the visitors did not know and presumed to be exotic.
A heavyhairy and rather sullen-looking gardener was hanging up
a heavy coil of garden hose. The corners of the expiring sunset
which seemed to cling about the corners of the house gave glimpses
here and there of the colours of remoter flowerbeds; and in
a treeless space on one side of the house opening upon the river
stood a tall brass tripod on which was tilted a big brass telescope.
Just outside the steps of the porch stood a little painted
green garden tableas if someone had just had tea there.
The entrance was flanked with two of those half-featured lumps of stone
with holes for eyes that are said to be South Sea idols; and on
the brown oak beam across the doorway were some confused carvings
that looked almost as barbaric.

As they passed indoorsthe little cleric hopped suddenly
on to the tableand standing on it peered unaffectedly
through his spectacles at the mouldings in the oak. Admiral Pendragon
looked very much astonishedthough not particularly annoyed;
while Fanshaw was so amused with what looked like a performing pigmy
on his little standthat he could not control his laughter.
But Father Brown was not likely to notice either the laughter
or the astonishment.

He was gazing at three carved symbolswhichthough very worn
and obscureseemed still to convey some sense to him. The first
seemed to be the outline of some tower or other buildingcrowned with
what looked like curly-pointed ribbons. The second was clearer:


an old Elizabethan galley with decorative waves beneath it
but interrupted in the middle by a curious jagged rockwhich was either
a fault in the wood or some conventional representation of the water
coming in. The third represented the upper half of a human figure
ending in an escalloped line like the waves; the face was rubbed
and featurelessand both arms were held very stiffly up in the air.

Well,muttered Father Brownblinkinghere is the legend
of the Spaniard plain enough. Here he is holding up his arms
and cursing in the sea; and here are the two curses: the wrecked ship
and the burning of Pendragon Tower.

Pendragon shook his head with a kind of venerable amusement.
And how many other things might it not be?he said. "Don't you know
that that sort of half-manlike a half-lion or half-stag
is quite common in heraldry? Might not that line through the ship
be one of those parti-per-pale linesindentedI think they call it?
And though the third thing isn't so very heraldicit would be
more heraldic to suppose it a tower crowned with laurel than with fire;
and it looks just as like it."

But it seems rather odd,said Flambeauthat it should
exactly confirm the old legend.

Ah,replied the sceptical travellerbut you don't know
how much of the old legend may have been made up from the old figures.
Besides, it isn't the only old legend. Fanshaw, here, who is
fond of such things, will tell you there are other versions of the tale,
and much more horrible ones. One story credits my unfortunate ancestor
with having had the Spaniard cut in two; and that will fit
the pretty picture also. Another obligingly credits our family
with the possession of a tower full of snakes and explains those little,
wriggly things in that way. And a third theory supposes the crooked line
on the ship to be a conventionalized thunderbolt; but that alone,
if seriously examined, would show what a very little way these
unhappy coincidences really go.

Why, how do you mean?asked Fanshaw.

It so happens,replied his host coollythat there was
no thunder and lightning at all in the two or three shipwrecks
I know of in our family.

Oh!said Father Brownand jumped down from the little table.

There was another silence in which they heard the continuous murmur
of the river; then Fanshaw saidin a doubtful and perhaps
disappointed tone: "Then you don't think there is anything in the
tales of the tower in flames?"

There are the tales, of course,said the Admiral
shrugging his shoulders; "and some of themI don't deny
on evidence as decent as one ever gets for such things.
Someone saw a blaze hereaboutdon't you knowas he walked home
through a wood; someone keeping sheep on the uplands inland thought
he saw a flame hovering over Pendragon Tower. Wella damp dab of mud
like this confounded island seems the last place where one would
think of fires."

What is that fire over there?asked Father Brown with
a gentle suddennesspointing to the woods on the left river-bank.
They were all thrown a little off their balanceand the more fanciful
Fanshaw had even some difficulty in recovering hisas they saw a long
thin stream of blue smoke ascending silently into the end of


the evening light.

Then Pendragon broke into a scornful laugh again. "Gipsies!"
he said; "they've been camping about here for about a week.
Gentlemenyou want your dinner and he turned as if to enter the house.

But the antiquarian superstition in Fanshaw was still quivering,
and he said hastily: ButAdmiralwhat's that hissing noise
quite near the island? It's very like fire."

It's more like what it is,said the Admirallaughing as he
led the way; "it's only some canoe going by."

Almost as he spokethe butlera lean man in black
with very black hair and a very longyellow faceappeared in the doorway
and told him that dinner was served.

The dining-room was as nautical as the cabin of a ship;
but its note was rather that of the modern than the Elizabethan captain.
There wereindeedthree antiquated cutlasses in a trophy over
the fireplaceand one brown sixteenth-century map with Tritons
and little ships dotted about a curly sea. But such things were
less prominent on the white panelling than some cases of quaint-coloured
South American birdsvery scientifically stuffedfantastic shells
from the Pacificand several instruments so rude and queer in shape
that savages might have used them either to kill their enemies or
to cook them. But the alien colour culminated in the fact that
besides the butlerthe Admiral's only servants were two negroes
somewhat quaintly clad in tight uniforms of yellow. The priest's
instinctive trick of analysing his own impressions told him that
the colour and the little neat coat-tails of these bipeds had suggested
the word "Canary and so by a mere pun connected them with
southward travel. Towards the end of the dinner they took their
yellow clothes and black faces out of the room, leaving only
the black clothes and yellow face of the butler.

I'm rather sorry you take this so lightly said Fanshaw to the host;
for the truth isI've brought these friends of mine with the idea
of their helping youas they know a good deal of these things.
Don't you really believe in the family story at all?"

I don't believe in anything,answered Pendragon very briskly
with a bright eye cocked at a red tropical bird. "I'm a man of science."

Rather to Flambeau's surprisehis clerical friend
who seemed to have entirely woken uptook up the digression and
talked natural history with his host with a flow of words and
much unexpected informationuntil the dessert and decanters were
set down and the last of the servants vanished. Then he said
without altering his tone.

Please don't think me impertinent, Admiral Pendragon. I don't
ask for curiosity, but really for my guidance and your convenience.
Have I made a bad shot if I guess you don't want these old things
talked of before your butler?

The Admiral lifted the hairless arches over his eyes and exclaimed:
Well, I don't know where you got it, but the truth is I can't stand
the fellow, though I've no excuse for discharging a family servant.
Fanshaw, with his fairy tales, would say my blood moved against men
with that black, Spanish-looking hair.

Flambeau struck the table with his heavy fist. "By Jove!" he cried;
and so had that girl!


I hope it'll all end tonight,continued the Admiral
when my nephew comes back safe from his ship. You looked surprised.
You won't understand, I suppose, unless I tell you the story.
You see, my father had two sons; I remained a bachelor,
but my elder brother married, and had a son who became a sailor
like all the rest of us, and will inherit the proper estate.
Well, my father was a strange man; he somehow combined Fanshaw's
superstition with a good deal of my scepticism--they were always
fighting in him; and after my first voyages, he developed a notion
which he thought somehow would settle finally whether the curse
was truth or trash. If all the Pendragons sailed about anyhow,
he thought there would be too much chance of natural catastrophes
to prove anything. But if we went to sea one at a time in strict order
of succession to the property, he thought it might show whether any
connected fate followed the family as a family. It was a silly notion,
I think, and I quarrelled with my father pretty heartily; for I was
an ambitious man and was left to the last, coming, by succession,
after my own nephew.

And your father and brother,said the priestvery gently
died at sea, I fear.

Yes,groaned the Admiral; "by one of those brutal accidents
on which are built all the lying mythologies of mankind
they were both shipwrecked. My fathercoming up this coast
out of the Atlanticwas washed up on these Cornish rocks.
My brother's ship was sunkno one knows whereon the voyage home
from Tasmania. His body was never found. I tell you it was
from perfectly natural mishap; lots of other people besides Pendragons
were drowned; and both disasters are discussed in a normal way
by navigators. Butof courseit set this forest of superstition on fire;
and men saw the flaming tower everywhere. That's why I say it will
be all right when Walter returns. The girl he's engaged to was
coming today; but I was so afraid of some chance delay frightening her
that I wired her not to come till she heard from me. But he's practically
sure to be here some time tonightand then it'll all end in smoke-tobacco
smoke. We'll crack that old lie when we crack a bottle
of this wine."

Very good wine,said Father Browngravely lifting his glass
but, as you see, a very bad wine-bibber. I most sincerely
beg your pardon: for he had spilt a small spot of wine on
the table-cloth. He drank and put down the glass with a composed face;
but his hand had started at the exact moment when he became conscious
of a face looking in through the garden window just behind the Admiral-the
face of a womanswarthywith southern hair and eyesand young
but like a mask of tragedy.

After a pause the priest spoke again in his mild manner.
Admiral,he saidwill you do me a favour? Let me, and my friends
if they like, stop in that tower of yours just for tonight?
Do you know that in my business you're an exorcist almost before
anything else?

Pendragon sprang to his feet and paced swiftly to and fro
across the windowfrom which the face had instantly vanished.
I tell you there is nothing in it,he criedwith ringing violence.
There is one thing I know about this matter. You may call me an atheist.
I am an atheist.Here he swung round and fixed Father Brown with a face
of frightful concentration. "This business is perfectly natural.
There is no curse in it at all."

Father Brown smiled. "In that case he said, there can't be


any objection to my sleeping in your delightful summer-house."

The idea is utterly ridiculous,replied the Admiral
beating a tattoo on the back of his chair.

Please forgive me for everything,said Brown in his most
sympathetic toneincluding spilling the wine. But it seems to me
you are not quite so easy about the flaming tower as you try to be.

Admiral Pendragon sat down again as abruptly as he had risen;
but he sat quite stilland when he spoke again it was in a lower voice.
You do it at your own peril,he said; "but wouldn't you be an atheist
to keep sane in all this devilry?"

Some three hours afterwards FanshawFlambeau and the priest
were still dawdling about the garden in the dark; and it began to dawn
on the other two that Father Brown had no intention of going to bed
either in the tower or the house.

I think the lawn wants weeding,said he dreamily.
If I could find a spud or something I'd do it myself.

They followed himlaughing and half remonstrating; but he replied
with the utmost solemnityexplaining to themin a maddening little sermon
that one can always find some small occupation that is helpful to others.
He did not find a spud; but he found an old broom made of twigs
with which he began energetically to brush the fallen leaves off the grass.

Always some little thing to be done,he said with
idiotic cheerfulness; "as George Herbert says: `Who sweeps
an Admiral's garden in Cornwall as for Thy laws makes that and
the action fine.' And now he added, suddenly slinging the broom away,
Let's go and water the flowers."

With the same mixed emotions they watched him uncoil some
considerable lengths of the large garden hosesaying with an air of
wistful discrimination: "The red tulips before the yellowI think.
Look a bit drydon't you think?"

He turned the little tap on the instrumentand the water shot out
straight and solid as a long rod of steel.

Look out, Samson,cried Flambeau; "whyyou've cut off
the tulip's head."

Father Brown stood ruefully contemplating the decapitated plant.

Mine does seem to be a rather kill or cure sort of watering,
he admittedscratching his head. "I suppose it's a pity I didn't
find the spud. You should have seen me with the spud! Talking of tools
you've got that swordstickFlambeauyou always carry? That's right;
and Sir Cecil could have that sword the Admiral threw away
by the fence here. How grey everything looks!"

The mist's rising from the river,said the staring Flambeau.

Almost as he spoke the huge figure of the hairy gardener appeared
on a higher ridge of the trenched and terraced lawnhailing them with
a brandished rake and a horribly bellowing voice. "Put down that hose
he shouted; put down that hose and go to your--"

I am fearfully clumsy,replied the reverend gentleman weakly;
do you know, I upset some wine at dinner.He made a wavering
half-turn of apology towards the gardenerwith the hose still spouting


in his hand. The gardener caught the cold crash of the water
full in his face like the crash of a cannon-ball; staggered
slipped and went sprawling with his boots in the air.

How very dreadful!said Father Brownlooking round in
a sort of wonder. "WhyI've hit a man!"

He stood with his head forward for a moment as if
looking or listening; and then set off at a trot towards the tower
still trailing the hose behind him. The tower was quite close
but its outline was curiously dim.

Your river mist,he saidhas a rum smell.

By the Lord it has,cried Fanshawwho was very white.
But you can't mean--

I mean,said Father Brownthat one of the Admiral's scientific
predictions is coming true tonight. This story is going to end in smoke.

As he spoke a most beautiful rose-red light seemed to burst
into blossom like a gigantic rose; but accompanied with a crackling
and rattling noise that was like the laughter of devils.

My God! what is this?cried Sir Cecil Fanshaw.

The sign of the flaming tower,said Father Brownand sent
the driving water from his hose into the heart of the red patch.

Lucky we hadn't gone to bed!ejaculated Fanshaw. "I suppose
it can't spread to the house."

You may remember,said the priest quietlythat the wooden fence
that might have carried it was cut away.

Flambeau turned electrified eyes upon his friendbut Fanshaw
only said rather absently: "Wellnobody can be killedanyhow."

This is rather a curious kind of tower,observed Father Brown
when it takes to killing people, it always kills people
who are somewhere else.

At the same instant the monstrous figure of the gardener with
the streaming beard stood again on the green ridge against the sky
waving others to come on; but now waving not a rake but a cutlass.
Behind him came the two negroesalso with the old crooked cutlasses
out of the trophy. But in the blood-red glarewith their black faces
and yellow figuresthey looked like devils carrying instruments of torture.
In the dim garden behind them a distant voice was heard calling out
brief directions. When the priest heard the voicea terrible change
came over his countenance.

But he remained composed; and never took his eye off
the patch of flame which had begun by spreadingbut now seemed
to shrink a little as it hissed under the torch of the long silver spear
of water. He kept his finger along the nozzle of the pipe to ensure the aim
and attended to no other businessknowing only by the noise and
that semi-conscious corner of the eyethe exciting incidents that
began to tumble themselves about the island garden. He gave two brief
directions to his friends. One was: "Knock these fellows down somehow
and tie them upwhoever they are; there's rope down by those faggots.
They want to take away my nice hose." The other was: "As soon as you
get a chancecall out to that canoeing girl; she's over on the bank
with the gipsies. Ask her if they could get some buckets across


and fill them from the river." Then he closed his mouth and continued
to water the new red flower as ruthlessly as he had watered the red tulip.

He never turned his head to look at the strange fight that
followed between the foes and friends of the mysterious fire.
He almost felt the island shake when Flambeau collided with
the huge gardener; he merely imagined how it would whirl round them
as they wrestled. He heard the crashing fall; and his friend's
gasp of triumph as he dashed on to the first negro; and the cries
of both the blacks as Flambeau and Fanshaw bound them.
Flambeau's enormous strength more than redressed the odds in the fight
especially as the fourth man still hovered near the house
only a shadow and a voice. He heard also the water broken by
the paddles of a canoe; the girl's voice giving orders
the voices of gipsies answering and coming nearerthe plumping and
sucking noise of empty buckets plunged into a full stream; and finally
the sound of many feet around the fire. But all this was less to him
than the fact that the red rentwhich had lately once more increased
had once more slightly diminished.

Then came a cry that very nearly made him turn his head.
Flambeau and Fanshawnow reinforced by some of the gipsies
had rushed after the mysterious man by the house; and he heard from
the other end of the garden the Frenchman's cry of horror and astonishment.
It was echoed by a howl not to be called humanas the being broke
from their hold and ran along the garden. Three times at least
it raced round the whole islandin a way that was as horrible as
the chase of a lunaticboth in the cries of the pursued and the ropes
carried by the pursuers; but was more horrible stillbecause it somehow
suggested one of the chasing games of children in a garden.
Thenfinding them closing in on every sidethe figure sprang upon
one of the higher river banks and disappeared with a splash
into the dark and driving river.

You can do no more, I fear,said Brown in a voice cold with pain.
He has been washed down to the rocks by now, where he has sent
so many others. He knew the use of a family legend.

Oh, don't talk in these parables,cried Flambeau impatiently.
Can't you put it simply in words of one syllable?

Yes,answered Brownwith his eye on the hose. "`Both eyes bright
she's all right; one eye blinksdown she sinks.'"

The fire hissed and shrieked more and morelike a strangled thing
as it grew narrower and narrower under the flood from the pipe and buckets
but Father Brown still kept his eye on it as he went on speaking:

I thought of asking this young lady, if it were morning yet,
to look through that telescope at the river mouth and the river.
She might have seen something to interest her: the sign of the ship,
or Mr Walter Pendragon coming home, and perhaps even the sign of
the half-man, for though he is certainly safe by now, he may very well
have waded ashore. He has been within a shave of another shipwreck;
and would never have escaped it, if the lady hadn't had the sense
to suspect the old Admiral's telegram and come down to watch him.
Don't let's talk about the old Admiral. Don't let's talk about anything.
It's enough to say that whenever this tower, with its pitch and resin-wood,
really caught fire, the spark on the horizon always looked like
the twin light to the coast light-house.

And that,said Flambeauis how the father and brother died.
The wicked uncle of the legends very nearly got his estate after all.


Father Brown did not answer; indeedhe did not speak again
save for civilitiestill they were all safe round a cigar-box in
the cabin of the yacht. He saw that the frustrated fire was extinguished;
and then refused to lingerthough he actually heard young Pendragon
escorted by an enthusiastic crowdcome tramping up the river bank;
and might (had he been moved by romantic curiosities) have received
the combined thanks of the man from the ship and the girl from the canoe.
But his fatigue had fallen on him once moreand he only started once
when Flambeau abruptly told him he had dropped cigar-ash on his trousers.

That's no cigar-ash,he said rather wearily. "That's from the fire
but you don't think so because you're all smoking cigars.
That's just the way I got my first faint suspicion about the chart."

Do you mean Pendragon's chart of his Pacific Islands?asked Fanshaw.

You thought it was a chart of the Pacific Islands,answered Brown.
Put a feather with a fossil and a bit of coral and everyone will
think it's a specimen. Put the same feather with a ribbon and
an artificial flower and everyone will think it's for a lady's hat.
Put the same feather with an ink-bottle, a book and a stack
of writing-paper, and most men will swear they've seen a quill pen.
So you saw that map among tropic birds and shells and thought it was
a map of Pacific Islands. It was the map of this river.

But how do you know?asked Fanshaw.

I saw the rock you thought was like a dragon, and the one
like Merlin, and--

You seem to have noticed a lot as we came in,cried Fanshaw.
We thought you were rather abstracted.

I was sea-sick,said Father Brown simply. "I felt simply horrible.
But feeling horrible has nothing to do with not seeing things."
And he closed his eyes.

Do you think most men would have seen that?asked Flambeau.
He received no answer: Father Brown was asleep.

NINE

The God of the Gongs

IT was one of those chilly and empty afternoons in early winter
when the daylight is silver rather than gold and pewter rather than silver.
If it was dreary in a hundred bleak offices and yawning drawing-rooms
it was drearier still along the edges of the flat Essex coast
where the monotony was themore inhuman for being broken
at very long intervals by a lamp-post that looked less civilized
than a treeor a tree that looked more ugly than a lamp-post.
A light fall of snow had half-melted into a few stripsalso looking leaden
rather than silverwhen it had been fixed again by the seal of frost
no fresh snow had fallenbut a ribbon of the old snow ran along
the very margin of the coastso as to parallel the pale ribbon of the foam.


The line of the sea looked frozen in the very vividness of
its violet-bluelike the vein of a frozen finger. For miles and miles
forward and backthere was no breathing soulsave two pedestrians


walking at a brisk pacethough one had much longer legs and took
much longer strides than the other.

It did not seem a very appropriate place or time for a holiday
but Father Brown had few holidaysand had to take them when he could
and he always preferredif possibleto take them in company with
his old friend Flambeauex-criminal and ex-detective. The priest had
had a fancy for visiting his old parish at Cobholeand was going
north-eastward along the coast.

After walking a mile or two fartherthey found that the shore was
beginning to be formally embankedso as to form something like a parade;
the ugly lamp-posts became less few and far between and more ornamental
though quite equally ugly. Half a mile farther on Father Brown
was puzzled first by little labyrinths of flowerless flower-pots
covered with the lowflatquiet-coloured plants that look less like
a garden than a tessellated pavementbetween weak curly paths studded
with seats with curly backs. He faintly sniffed the atmosphere of
a certain sort of seaside town that be did not specially care about
andlooking ahead along the parade by the seahe saw something that
put the matter beyond a doubt. In the grey distance the big bandstand
of a watering-place stood up like a giant mushroom with six legs.

I suppose,said Father Brownturning up his coat-collar
and drawing a woollen scarf rather closer round his neck
that we are approaching a pleasure resort.

I fear,answered Flambeaua pleasure resort to which
few people just now have the pleasure of resorting. They try to
revive these places in the winter, but it never succeeds except with
Brighton and the old ones. This must be Seawood, I think-Lord
Pooley's experiment; he had the Sicilian Singers down at Christmas,
and there's talk about holding one of the great glove-fights here.
But they'll have to chuck the rotten place into the sea;
it's as dreary as a lost railway-carriage.

They had come under the big bandstandand the priest was
looking up at it with a curiosity that had something rather odd about it
his head a little on one sidelike a bird's. It was the conventional
rather tawdry kind of erection for its purpose: a flattened dome
or canopygilt here and thereand lifted on six slender pillars
of painted woodthe whole being raised about five feet above the parade
on a round wooden platform like a drum. But there was something
fantastic about the snow combined with something artificial about
the gold that haunted Flambeau as well as his friend with
some association he could not capturebut which he knew was at once
artistic and alien.

I've got it,he said at last. "It's Japanese. It's like
those fanciful Japanese printswhere the snow on the mountain
looks like sugarand the gilt on the pagodas is like gilt on gingerbread.
It looks just like a little pagan temple."

Yes,said Father Brown. "Let's have a look at the god."
And with an agility hardly to be expected of himhe hopped up
on to the raised platform.

Oh, very well,said Flambeaulaughing; and the next instant
his own towering figure was visible on that quaint elevation.

Slight as was the difference of heightit gave in those level wastes
a sense of seeing yet farther and farther across land and sea.
Inland the little wintry gardens faded into a confused grey copse;
beyond thatin the distancewere long low barns of a lonely farmhouse


and beyond that nothing but the long East Anglian plains.
Seawards there was no sail or sign of life save a few seagulls:
and even they looked like the last snowflakesand seemed to float
rather than fly.

Flambeau turned abruptly at an exclamation behind him.
It seemed to come from lower down than might have been expected
and to be addressed to his heels rather than his head. He instantly
held out his handbut he could hardly help laughing at what he saw.
For some reason or other the platform had given way under Father Brown
and the unfortunate little man had dropped through to the level
of the parade. He was just tall enoughor short enough
for his head alone to stick out of the hole in the broken wood
looking like St John the Baptist's head on a charger. The face wore
a disconcerted expressionas didperhapsthat of St John the Baptist.

In a moment he began to laugh a little. "This wood must be rotten
said Flambeau. Though it seems odd it should bear meand you go through
the weak place. Let me help you out."

But the little priest was looking rather curiously at the corners
and edges of the wood alleged to be rottenand there was a sort of trouble
on his brow.

Come along,cried Flambeau impatientlystill with his big
brown hand extended. "Don't you want to get out?"

The priest was holding a splinter of the broken wood between
his finger and thumband did not immediately reply. At last he said
thoughtfully: "Want to get out? Whyno. I rather think I want
to get in." And he dived into the darkness under the wooden floor
so abruptly as to knock off his big curved clerical hat and leave it
lying on the boards abovewithout any clerical head in it.

Flambeau looked once more inland and out to seaand once more
could see nothing but seas as wintry as the snowand snows as level
as the sea.

There came a scurrying noise behind himand the little priest
came scrambling out of the hole faster than he had fallen in.
His face was no longer disconcertedbut rather resoluteand
perhaps only through the reflections of the snowa trifle paler than usual.

Well?asked his tall friend. "Have you found the god
of the temple?"

No,answered Father Brown. "I have found what was sometimes
more important. The Sacrifice."

What the devil do you mean?cried Flambeauquite alarmed.

Father Brown did not answer. He was staringwith a knot
in his foreheadat the landscape; and he suddenly pointed at it.
What's that house over there?he asked.

Following his fingerFlambeau saw for the first time the corners
of a building nearer than the farmhousebut screened for the most part
with a fringe of trees. It was not a large buildingand stood well back
from the shore--but a glint of ornament on it suggested that it was
part of the same watering-place scheme of decoration as the bandstand
the little gardens and the curly-backed iron seats.

Father Brown jumped off the bandstandhis friend following;


and as they walked in the direction indicated the trees fell away
to right and leftand they saw a smallrather flashy hotel
such as is common in resorts--the hotel of the Saloon Bar rather than
the Bar Parlour. Almost the whole frontage was of gilt plaster and
figured glassand between that grey seascape and the grey
witch-like treesits gimcrack quality had something spectral
in its melancholy. They both felt vaguely that if any food or drink
were offered at such a hostelryit would be the paste-board ham
and empty mug of the pantomime.

In thishoweverthey were not altogether confirmed. As they drew
nearer and nearer to the place they saw in front of the buffet
which was apparently closedone of the iron garden-seats with curly backs
that had adorned the gardensbut much longerrunning almost
the whole length of the frontage. Presumablyit was placed so that
visitors might sit there and look at the seabut one hardly expected
to find anyone doing it in such weather.

Neverthelessjust in front of the extreme end of the iron seat
stood a small round restaurant tableand on this stood
a small bottle of Chablis and a plate of almonds and raisins.
Behind the table and on the seat sat a dark-haired young man
bareheadedand gazing at the sea in a state of almost
astonishing immobility.

But though he might have been a waxwork when they were within
four yards of himhe jumped up like a jack-in-the-box when they
came within threeand said in a deferentialthough not undignified
manner: "Will you step insidegentlemen? I have no staff at present
but I can get you anything simple myself."

Much obliged,said Flambeau. "So you are the proprietor?"

Yes,said the dark mandropping back a little into
his motionless manner. "My waiters are all Italiansyou see
and I thought it only fair they should see their countryman beat the black
if he really can do it. You know the great fight between Malvoli and
Nigger Ned is coming off after all?"

I'm afraid we can't wait to trouble your hospitality seriously,
said Father Brown. "But my friend would be glad of a glass of sherry
I'm sureto keep out the cold and drink success to the Latin champion."

Flambeau did not understand the sherrybut he did not object to it
in the least. He could only say amiably: "Ohthank you very much."

Sherry, sir--certainly,said their hostturning to his hostel.
Excuse me if I detain you a few minutes. As I told you,
I have no staff--And he went towards the black windows of
his shuttered and unlighted inn.

Oh, it doesn't really matter,began Flambeaubut the man
turned to reassure him.

I have the keys,he said. "I could find my way in the dark."

I didn't mean--began Father Brown.

He was interrupted by a bellowing human voice that came
out of the bowels of the uninhabited hotel. It thundered
some foreign name loudly but inaudiblyand the hotel proprietor
moved more sharply towards it than he had done for Flambeau's sherry.
As instant evidence provedthe proprietor had toldthen and after
nothing but the literal truth. But both Flambeau and Father Brown


have often confessed thatin all their (often outrageous) adventures
nothing had so chilled their blood as that voice of an ogre
sounding suddenly out of a silent and empty inn.


My cook!cried the proprietor hastily. "I had forgotten my cook.
He will be starting presently. Sherrysir?"

Andsure enoughthere appeared in the doorway a big white bulk
with white cap and white apronas befits a cookbut with
the needless emphasis of a black face. Flambeau had often heard
that negroes made good cooks. But somehow something in the contrast
of colour and caste increased his surprise that the hotel proprietor
should answer the call of the cookand not the cook the call
of the proprietor. But he reflected that head cooks are proverbially
arrogant; andbesidesthe host had come back with the sherry
and that was the great thing.

I rather wonder,said Father Brownthat there are so few people
about the beach, when this big fight is coming on after all.
We only met one man for miles.

The hotel proprietor shrugged his shoulders. "They come from
the other end of the townyou see--from the stationthree miles from here.
They are only interested in the sportand will stop in hotels
for the night only. After allit is hardly weather for
basking on the shore."

Or on the seat,said Flambeauand pointed to the little table.

I have to keep a look-out,said the man with the motionless face.
He was a quietwell-featured fellowrather sallow; his dark clothes
had nothing distinctive about themexcept that his black necktie
was worn rather highlike a stockand secured by a gold pin
with some grotesque head to it. Nor was there anything notable
in the faceexcept something that was probably a mere nervous trick-a
habit of opening one eye more narrowly than the other
giving the impression that the other was largeror was
perhapsartificial.

The silence that ensued was broken by their host saying quietly:
Whereabouts did you meet the one man on your march?

Curiously enough,answered the priestclose by here-just
by that bandstand.

Flambeauwho had sat on the long iron seat to finish his sherry
put it down and rose to his feetstaring at his friend in amazement.
He opened his mouth to speakand then shut it again.

Curious,said the dark-haired man thoughtfully. "What was he like?"

It was rather dark when I saw him,began Father Brown
but he was--

As has been saidthe hotel-keeper can be proved to have told
the precise truth. His phrase that the cook was starting presently
was fulfilled to the letterfor the cook came outpulling his gloves on
even as they spoke.

But he was a very different figure from the confused mass
of white and black that had appeared for an instant in the doorway.
He was buttoned and buckled up to his bursting eyeballs in the most
brilliant fashion. A tall black hat was tilted on his broad black head-a
hat of the sort that the French wit has compared to eight mirrors.


But somehow the black man was like the black hat. He also was black
and yet his glossy skin flung back the light at eight angles or more.
It is needless to say that he wore white spats and a white slip inside
his waistcoat. The red flower stood up in his buttonhole aggressively
as if it had suddenly grown there. And in the way he carried his cane
in one hand and his cigar in the other there was a certain attitude-an
attitude we must always remember when we talk of racial prejudices:
something innocent and insolent--the cake walk.

Sometimes,said Flambeaulooking after himI'm not surprised
that they lynch them.

I am never surprised,said Father Brownat any work of hell.
But as I was saying,he resumedas the negrostill ostentatiously
pulling on his yellow glovesbetook himself briskly towards
the watering-placea queer music-hall figure against that grey and
frosty scene--"as I was sayingI couldn't describe the man very minutely
but he had a flourish and old-fashioned whiskers and moustachios
dark or dyedas in the pictures of foreign financiersround his neck
was wrapped a long purple scarf that thrashed out in the wind as he walked.
It was fixed at the throat rather in the way that nurses
fix children's comforters with a safety-pin. Only this
added the priest, gazing placidly out to sea, was not a safety-pin."

The man sitting on the long iron bench was also gazing placidly
out to sea. Now he was once more in repose. Flambeau felt quite certain
that one of his eyes was naturally larger than the other.
Both were now well openedand he could almost fancy the left eye
grew larger as he gazed.

It was a very long gold pin, and had the carved head of a monkey
or some such thing,continued the cleric; "and it was fixed
in a rather odd way--he wore pince-nez and a broad black--"

The motionless man continued to gaze at the seaand the eyes in
his head might have belonged to two different men. Then he made
a movement of blinding swiftness.

Father Brown had his back to himand in that flash might have
fallen dead on his face. Flambeau had no weaponbut his large
brown hands were resting on the end of the long iron seat.
His shoulders abruptly altered their shapeand he heaved
the whole huge thing high over his headlike a headsman's axe
about to fall. The mere height of the thingas he held it vertical
looked like a long iron ladder by which he was inviting men to climb
towards the stars. But the long shadowin the level evening light
looked like a giant brandishing the Eiffel Tower. It was the shock
of that shadowbefore the shock of the iron crashthat made the stranger
quail and dodgeand then dart into his innleaving the flat and
shining dagger he had dropped exactly where it had fallen.

We must get away from here instantly,cried Flambeau
flinging the huge seat away with furious indifference on the beach.
He caught the little priest by the elbow and ran him down
a grey perspective of barren back gardenat the end of which there
was a closed back garden door. Flambeau bent over it an instant
in violent silenceand then said: "The door is locked."

As he spoke a black feather from one of the ornamental firs fell
brushing the brim of his hat. It startled him more than the small
and distant detonation that had come just before. Then came another
distant detonationand the door he was trying to open shook
under the bullet buried in it. Flambeau's shoulders again filled out
and altered suddenly. Three hinges and a lock burst at the same instant


and he went out into the empty path behindcarrying the great garden door
with himas Samson carried the gates of Gaza.

Then he flung the garden door over the garden walljust as
a third shot picked up a spurt of snow and dust behind his heel.
Without ceremony he snatched up the little priestslung him astraddle
on his shouldersand went racing towards Seawood as fast as
his long legs could carry him. It was not until nearly two miles
farther on that he set his small companion down. It had hardly been
a dignified escapein spite of the classic model of Anchises
but Father Brown's face only wore a broad grin.

Well,said Flambeauafter an impatient silenceas they resumed
their more conventional tramp through the streets on the edge of the town
where no outrage need be fearedI don't know what all this means,
but I take it I may trust my own eyes that you never met the man
you have so accurately described.

I did meet him in a way,Brown saidbiting his finger
rather nervously--"I did really. And it was too dark to see him properly
because it was under that bandstand affair. But I'm afraid I didn't
describe him so very accurately after allfor his pince-nez
was broken under himand the long gold pin wasn't stuck through
his purple scarf but through his heart."

And I suppose,said the other in a lower voicethat glass-eyed guy
had something to do with it.

I had hoped he had only a little,answered Brown
in a rather troubled voiceand I may have been wrong in what I did.
I acted on impulse. But I fear this business has deep roots and dark.

They walked on through some streets in silence. The yellow lamps
were beginning to be lit in the cold blue twilightand they were
evidently approaching the more central parts of the town.
Highly coloured bills announcing the glove-fight between Nigger Ned
and Malvoli were slapped about the walls.

Well,said FlambeauI never murdered anyone, even in
my criminal days, but I can almost sympathize with anyone doing it
in such a dreary place. Of all God-forsaken dustbins of Nature,
I think the most heart-breaking are places like that bandstand,
that were meant to be festive and are forlorn. I can fancy a morbid man
feeling he must kill his rival in the solitude and irony of such a scene.
I remember once taking a tramp in your glorious Surrey hills,
thinking of nothing but gorse and skylarks, when I came out on
a vast circle of land, and over me lifted a vast, voiceless structure,
tier above tier of seats, as huge as a Roman amphitheatre and as empty
as a new letter-rack. A bird sailed in heaven over it. It was
the Grand Stand at Epsom. And I felt that no one would ever
be happy there again.

It's odd you should mention Epsom,said the priest.
Do you remember what was called the Sutton Mystery, because two
suspected men--ice-cream men, I think--happened to live at Sutton?
They were eventually released. A man was found strangled, it was said,
on the Downs round that part. As a fact, I know (from an Irish policeman
who is a friend of mine) that he was found close up to the Epsom
Grand Stand--in fact, only hidden by one of the lower doors being
pushed back.

That is queer,assented Flambeau. "But it rather confirms
my view that such pleasure places look awfully lonely out of season
or the man wouldn't have been murdered there."


I'm not so sure he--began Brownand stopped.

Not so sure he was murdered?queried his companion.

Not so sure he was murdered out of the season,answered
the little priestwith simplicity. "Don't you think there's something
rather tricky about this solitudeFlambeau? Do you feel sure
a wise murderer would always want the spot to be lonely?
It's veryvery seldom a man is quite alone. Andshort of that
the more alone he isthe more certain he is to be seen.
No; I think there must be some other--Whyhere we are at
the Pavilion or Palaceor whatever they call it."

They had emerged on a small squarebrilliantly lighted
of which the principal building was gay with gildinggaudy with posters
and flanked with two giant photographs of Malvoli and Nigger Ned.

Hallo!cried Flambeau in great surpriseas his clerical friend
stumped straight up the broad steps. "I didn't know pugilism was
your latest hobby. Are you going to see the fight?"

I don't think there will be any fight,replied Father Brown.

They passed rapidly through ante-rooms and inner rooms;
they passed through the hall of combat itselfraisedroped
and padded with innumerable seats and boxesand still the cleric did
not look round or pause till he came to a clerk at a desk outside
a door marked "Committee". There he stopped and asked to see Lord Pooley.

The attendant observed that his lordship was very busy
as the fight was coming on soonbut Father Brown had a good-tempered
tedium of reiteration for which the official mind is generally not prepared.
In a few moments the rather baffled Flambeau found himself in the presence
of a man who was still shouting directions to another man going out of
the room. "Be carefulyou knowabout the ropes after the fourth--
Welland what do you wantI wonder!"

Lord Pooley was a gentlemanandlike most of the few remaining
to our racewas worried--especially about money. He was half grey
and half flaxenand he had the eyes of fever and a high-bridged
frost-bitten nose.

Only a word,said Father Brown. "I have come to prevent
a man being killed."

Lord Pooley bounded off his chair as if a spring had
flung him from it. "I'm damned if I'll stand any more of this!"
he cried. "You and your committees and parsons and petitions!
Weren't there parsons in the old dayswhen they fought without gloves?
Now they're fighting with the regulation glovesand there's not
the rag of a possibility of either of the boxers being killed."

I didn't mean either of the boxers,said the little priest.

Well, well, well!said the noblemanwith a touch of frosty humour.
Who's going to be killed? The referee?

I don't know who's going to be killed,replied Father Brown
with a reflective stare. "If I did I shouldn't have to
spoil your pleasure. I could simply get him to escape.
I never could see anything wrong about prize-fights. As it is
I must ask you to announce that the fight is off for the present."


Anything else?jeered the gentleman with feverish eyes.
And what do you say to the two thousand people who have come to see it?

I say there will be one thousand nine-hundred and ninety-nine
of them left alive when they have seen it,said Father Brown.

Lord Pooley looked at Flambeau. "Is your friend mad?" he asked.

Far from it,was the reply.

And took here,resumed Pooley in his restless way
it's worse than that. A whole pack of Italians have turned up
to back Malvoli--swarthy, savage fellows of some country, anyhow.
You know what these Mediterranean races are like. If I send out word
that it's off we shall have Malvoli storming in here at the head of
a whole Corsican clan.

My lord, it is a matter of life and death,said the priest.
Ring your bell. Give your message. And see whether it is Malvoli
who answers.

The nobleman struck the bell on the table with an odd air
of new curiosity. He said to the clerk who appeared almost instantly
in the doorway: "I have a serious announcement to make to the audience
shortly. Meanwhilewould you kindly tell the two champions that
the fight will have to be put off."

The clerk stared for some seconds as if at a demon and vanished.

What authority have you for what you say?asked Lord Pooley
abruptly. "Whom did you consult?"

I consulted a bandstand,said Father Brownscratching his head.
But, no, I'm wrong; I consulted a book, too. I picked it up
on a bookstall in London--very cheap, too.

He had taken out of his pocket a smallstoutleather-bound volume
and Flambeaulooking over his shouldercould see that it was some
book of old travelsand had a leaf turned down for reference.

`The only form in which Voodoo--'began Father Brownreading aloud.

In which what?inquired his lordship.

`In which Voodoo,'repeated the readeralmost with relish
`is widely organized outside Jamaica itself is in the form known as
the Monkey, or the God of the Gongs, which is powerful in many parts of
the two American continents, especially among half-breeds, many of whom
look exactly like white men. It differs from most other forms
of devil-worship and human sacrifice in the fact that the blood
is not shed formally on the altar, but by a sort of assassination
among the crowd. The gongs beat with a deafening din as
the doors of the shrine open and the monkey-god is revealed;
almost the whole congregation rivet ecstatic eyes on him. But after--'

The door of the room was flung openand the fashionable negro
stood framed in ithis eyeballs rollinghis silk hat still insolently
tilted on his head. "Huh!" he criedshowing his apish teeth.
What this? Huh! Huh! You steal a coloured gentleman's prize-prize
his already--yo' think yo' jes' save that white 'Talian trash--

The matter is only deferred,said the nobleman quietly.
I will be with you to explain in a minute or two.


Who you to--shouted Nigger Nedbeginning to storm.

My name is Pooley,replied the otherwith a creditable coolness.
I am the organizing secretary, and I advise you just now
to leave the room.

Who this fellow?demanded the dark championpointing to the
priest disdainfully.

My name is Brown,was the reply. "And I advise you just now
to leave the country."

The prize-fighter stood glaring for a few secondsand then
rather to the surprise of Flambeau and the othersstrode out
sending the door to with a crash behind him.

Well,asked Father Brown rubbing his dusty hair up
what do you think of Leonardo da Vinci? A beautiful Italian head.

Look here,said Lord PooleyI've taken a considerable responsibility,
on your bare word. I think you ought to tell me more about this.

You are quite right, my lord,answered Brown. "And it won't take
long to tell." He put the little leather book in his overcoat pocket.
I think we know all that this can tell us, but you shall look at it
to see if I'm right. That negro who has just swaggered out is one of
the most dangerous men on earth, for he has the brains of a European,
with the instincts of a cannibal. He has turned what was clean,
common-sense butchery among his fellow-barbarians into a very modern
and scientific secret society of assassins. He doesn't know I know it,
nor, for the matter of that, that I can't prove it.

There was a silenceand the little man went on.

But if I want to murder somebody, will it really be the best plan
to make sure I'm alone with him?

Lord Pooley's eyes recovered their frosty twinkle as he
looked at the little clergyman. He only said: "If you want to
murder somebodyI should advise it."

Father Brown shook his headlike a murderer of much riper experience.
So Flambeau said,he repliedwith a sigh. "But consider.
The more a man feels lonely the less he can be sure he is alone.
It must mean empty spaces round himand they are just what
make him obvious. Have you never seen one ploughman from the heights
or one shepherd from the valleys? Have you never walked along a cliff
and seen one man walking along the sands? Didn't you know when he's
killed a craband wouldn't you have known if it had been a creditor?
No! No! No! For an intelligent murderersuch as you or I might be
it is an impossible plan to make sure that nobody is looking at you."

But what other plan is there?

There is only one,said the priest. "To make sure
that everybody is looking at something else. A man is throttled
close by the big stand at Epsom. Anybody might have seen it done
while the stand stood empty--any tramp under the hedges or motorist
among the hills. But nobody would have seen it when the stand
was crowded and the whole ring roaringwhen the favourite was
coming in first--or wasn't. The twisting of a neck-cloth
the thrusting of a body behind a door could be done in an instant-so
long as it was that instant. It was the sameof course
he continued turning to Flambeau, with that poor fellow


under the bandstand. He was dropped through the hole (it wasn't
an accidental hole) just at some very dramatic moment of the entertainment
when the bow of some great violinist or the voice of some great singer
opened or came to its climax. And hereof coursewhen the knock-out
blow came--it would not be the only one. That is the little trick
Nigger Ned has adopted from his old God of Gongs."

By the way, Malvoli--Pooley began.

Malvoli,said the priesthas nothing to do with it.
I dare say he has some Italians with him, but our amiable friends
are not Italians. They are octoroons and African half-bloods
of various shades, but I fear we English think all foreigners
are much the same so long as they are dark and dirty. Also,
he addedwith a smileI fear the English decline to draw
any fine distinction between the moral character produced by my religion
and that which blooms out of Voodoo.

The blaze of the spring season had burst upon Seawood
littering its foreshore with famines and bathing-machines
with nomadic preachers and nigger minstrelsbefore the two friends
saw it againand long before the storm of pursuit after the strange
secret society had died away. Almost on every hand the secret
of their purpose perished with them. The man of the hotel was found
drifting dead on the sea like so much seaweed; his right eye was
closed in peacebut his left eye was wide openand glistened like glass
in the moon. Nigger Ned had been overtaken a mile or two away
and murdered three policemen with his closed left hand.
The remaining officer was surprised--naypained--and the negro got away.
But this was enough to set all the English papers in a flame
and for a month or two the main purpose of the British Empire was
to prevent the buck nigger (who was so in both senses) escaping by any
English port. Persons of a figure remotely reconcilable with his
were subjected to quite extraordinary inquisitionsmade to scrub
their faces before going on board shipas if each white complexion
were made up like a maskof greasepaint. Every negro in England
was put under special regulations and made to report himself;
the outgoing ships would no more have taken a nigger than a basilisk.
For people had found out how fearful and vast and silent was
the force of the savage secret societyand by the time Flambeau and
Father Brown were leaning on the parade parapet in Aprilthe Black Man
meant in England almost what he once meant in Scotland.

He must be still in England,observed Flambeauand horridly
well hidden, too. They must have found him at the ports if he had
only whitened his face.

You see, he is really a clever man,said Father Brown
apologetically. "And I'm sure he wouldn't whiten his face."

Well, but what would he do?

I think,said Father Brownhe would blacken his face.

Flambeauleaning motionless on the parapetlaughed and said:
My dear fellow!

Father Brownalso leaning motionless on the parapetmoved one finger
for an instant into the direction of the soot-masked niggers singing
on the sands.


TEN

The Salad of Colonel Cray

FATHER BROWN was walking home from Mass on a white weird morning
when the mists were slowly lifting--one of those mornings when
the very element of light appears as something mysterious and new.
The scattered trees outlined themselves more and more out of the vapour
as if they were first drawn in grey chalk and then in charcoal.
At yet more distant intervals appeared the houses upon the broken fringe
of the suburb; their outlines became clearer and clearer until
he recognized many in which he had chance acquaintancesand many more
the names of whose owners he knew. But all the windows and doors
were sealed; none of the people were of the sort that would be up
at such a timeor still less on such an errand. But as he passed under
the shadow of one handsome villa with verandas and wide ornate gardens
he heard a noise that made him almost involuntarily stop.
It was the unmistakable noise of a pistol or carbine or some
light firearm discharged; but it was not this that puzzled him most.
The first full noise was immediately followed by a series of fainter noises-as
he counted themabout six. He supposed it must be the echo;
but the odd thing was that the echo was not in the least like
the original sound. It was not like anything else that he could think of;
the three things nearest to it seemed to be the noise made by
siphons of soda-waterone of the many noises made by an animal
and the noise made by a person attempting to conceal laughter.
None of which seemed to make much sense.

Father Brown was made of two men. There was a man of action
who was as modest as a primrose and as punctual as a clock;
who went his small round of duties and never dreamed of altering it.
There was also a man of reflectionwho was much simpler but much stronger
who could not easily be stopped; whose thought was always (in the only
intelligent sense of the words) free thought. He could not help
even unconsciouslyasking himself all the questions that
there were to be askedand answering as many of them as he could;
all that went on like his breathing or circulation. But he never
consciously carried his actions outside the sphere of his own duty;
and in this case the two attitudes were aptly tested. He was just about
to resume his trudge in the twilighttelling himself it was no affair
of hisbut instinctively twisting and untwisting twenty theories
about what the odd noises might mean. Then the grey sky-line
brightened into silverand in the broadening light he realized
that he had been to the house which belonged to an Anglo-Indian Major
named Putnam; and that the Major had a native cook from Malta who was
of his communion. He also began to remember that pistol-shots
are sometimes serious things; accompanied with consequences with which
he was legitimately concerned. He turned back and went in
at the garden gatemaking for the front door.

Half-way down one side of the house stood out a projection
like a very low shed; it wasas he afterwards discovered
a large dustbin. Round the corner of this came a figure
at first a mere shadow in the hazeapparently bending and peering about.
Thencoming nearerit solidified into a figure that wasindeed
rather unusually solid. Major Putnam was a bald-headedbull-necked man
short and very broadwith one of those rather apoplectic faces
that are produced by a prolonged attempt to combine the oriental climate
with the occidental luxuries. But the face was a good-humoured one
and even nowthough evidently puzzled and inquisitivewore a kind of
innocent grin. He had a large palm-leaf hat on the back of his head
(suggesting a halo that was by no means appropriate to the face)


but otherwise he was clad only in a very vivid suit of striped scarlet
and yellow pyjamas; whichthough glowing enough to beholdmust have been
on a fresh morningpretty chilly to wear. He had evidently
come out of his house in a hurryand the priest was not surprised
when he called out without further ceremony: "Did you hear that noise?"

Yes,answered Father Brown; "I thought I had better look in
in case anything was the matter."

The Major looked at him rather queerly with his good-humoured
gooseberry eyes. "What do you think the noise was?" he asked.

It sounded like a gun or something,replied the other
with some hesitation; "but it seemed to have a singular sort of echo."

The Major was still looking at him quietlybut with protruding eyes
when the front door was flung openreleasing a flood of gaslight
on the face of the fading mist; and another figure in pyjamas sprang
or tumbled out into the garden. The figure was much longerleaner
and more athletic; the pyjamasthough equally tropicalwere
comparatively tastefulbeing of white with a light lemon-yellow stripe.
The man was haggardbut handsomemore sunburned than the other;
he had an aquiline profile and rather deep-sunken eyesand a slight air
of oddity arising from the combination of coal-black hair with
a much lighter moustache. All this Father Brown absorbed in detail
more at leisure. For the moment he only saw one thing about the man;
which was the revolver in his hand.

Cray!exclaimed the Majorstaring at him; "did you fire that shot?"

Yes, I did,retorted the black-haired gentleman hotly;
and so would you in my place. If you were chased everywhere
by devils and nearly--

The Major seemed to intervene rather hurriedly. "This is my friend
Father Brown he said. And then to Brown: I don't know whether
you've met Colonel Cray of the Royal Artillery."

I have heard of him, of course,said the priest innocently.
Did you--did you hit anything?

I thought so,answered Cray with gravity.

Did he--asked Major Putnam in a lowered voicedid he fall
or cry out, or anything?

Colonel Cray was regarding his host with a strange and steady stare.
I'll tell you exactly what he did,he said. "He sneezed."

Father Brown's hand went half-way to his headwith the gesture
of a man remembering somebody's name. He knew now what it was
that was neither soda-water nor the snorting of a dog.

Well,ejaculated the staring MajorI never heard before
that a service revolver was a thing to be sneezed at.

Nor I,said Father Brown faintly. "It's lucky you didn't
turn your artillery on him or you might have given him quite a bad cold."
Thenafter a bewildered pausehe said: "Was it a burglar?"

Let us go inside,said Major Putnamrather sharply
and led the way into his house.

The interior exhibited a paradox often to be marked in such


morning hours: that the rooms seemed brighter than the sky outside;
even after the Major had turned out the one gaslight in the front hall.
Father Brown was surprised to see the whole dining-table set out
as for a festive mealwith napkins in their ringsand wine-glasses
of some six unnecessary shapes set beside every plate. It was common enough
at that time of the morningto find the remains of a banquet over-night;
but to find it freshly spread so early was unusual.


While he stood wavering in the hall Major Putnam rushed past him
and sent a raging eye over the whole oblong of the tablecloth.
At last he spokespluttering: "All the silver gone!" he gasped.
Fish-knives and forks gone. Old cruet-stand gone. Even the old silver
cream-jug gone. And now, Father Brown, I am ready to answer your question
of whether it was a burglar.

They're simply a blind,said Cray stubbornly. "I know better
than you why people persecute this house; I know better than you why--"

The Major patted him on the shoulder with a gesture almost peculiar
to the soothing of a sick childand said: "It was a burglar.
Obviously it was a burglar."

A burglar with a bad cold,observed Father Brownthat might
assist you to trace him in the neighbourhood.

The Major shook his head in a sombre manner. "He must be far beyond
trace nowI fear he said.

Then, as the restless man with the revolver turned again towards
the door in the garden, he added in a husky, confidential voice:
I doubt whether I should send for the policefor fear my friend here
has been a little too free with his bulletsand got on the wrong side
of the law. He's lived in very wild places; andto be frank with you
I think he sometimes fancies things."

I think you once told me,said Brownthat he believes some
Indian secret society is pursuing him.

Major Putnam noddedbut at the same time shrugged his shoulders.
I suppose we'd better follow him outside,he said. "I don't want
any more--shall we saysneezing?"

They passed out into the morning lightwhich was now even tinged
with sunshineand saw Colonel Cray's tall figure bent almost double
minutely examining the condition of gravel and grass. While the Major
strolled unobtrusively towards himthe priest took an equally
indolent turnwhich took him round the next corner of the house
to within a yard or two of the projecting dustbin.

He stood regarding this dismal object for some minute and a half--
then he stepped towards itlifted the lid and put his head inside.
Dust and other discolouring matter shook upwards as he did so;
but Father Brown never observed his own appearancewhatever else
he observed. He remained thus for a measurable periodas if engaged
in some mysterious prayers. Then he came out againwith some ashes
on his hairand walked unconcernedly away.

By the time he came round to the garden door again he found
a group there which seemed to roll away morbidities as the sunlight
had already rolled away the mists. It was in no way rationally reassuring;
it was simply broadly comiclike a cluster of Dickens's characters.
Major Putnam had managed to slip inside and plunge into a proper shirt and
trouserswith a crimson cummerbundand a light square jacket over all;
thus normally set offhis red festive face seemed bursting with


a commonplace cordiality. He was indeed emphaticbut then he was talking
to his cook--the swarthy son of Maltawhose leanyellow and rather
careworn face contrasted quaintly with his snow-white cap and costume.
The cook might well be carewornfor cookery was the Major's hobby.
He was one of those amateurs who always know more than the professional.
The only other person he even admitted to be a judge of an omelette
was his friend Cray--and as Brown remembered thishe turned to look
for the other officer. In the new presence of daylight and people clothed
and in their right mindthe sight of him was rather a shock.
The taller and more elegant man was still in his night-garb
with tousled black hairand now crawling about the garden on his hands
and kneesstill looking for traces of the burglar; and now and again
to all appearancestriking the ground with his hand in anger at not
finding him. Seeing him thus quadrupedal in the grassthe priest
raised his eyebrows rather sadly; and for the first time guessed that
fancies thingsmight be an euphemism.

The third item in the group of the cook and the epicure was also
known to Father Brown; it was Audrey Watsonthe Major's ward
and housekeeper; and at this momentto judge by her apron
tucked-up sleeves and resolute mannermuch more the housekeeper
than the ward.

It serves you right,she was saying: "I always told you
not to have that old-fashioned cruet-stand."

I prefer it,said Putnamplacably. "I'm old-fashioned myself;
and the things keep together."

And vanish together, as you see,she retorted. "Wellif you are
not going to bother about the burglarI shouldn't bother about the lunch.
It's Sundayand we can't send for vinegar and all that in the town;
and you Indian gentlemen can't enjoy what you call a dinner without
a lot of hot things. I wish to goodness now you hadn't asked
Cousin Oliver to take me to the musical service. It isn't over
till half-past twelveand the Colonel has to leave by then.
I don't believe you men can manage alone."

Oh yes, we can, my dear,said the Majorlooking at her
very amiably. "Marco has all the saucesand we've often
done ourselves well in very rough placesas you might know by now.
And it's time you had a treatAudrey; you mustn't be a housekeeper
every hour of the day; and I know you want to hear the music."

I want to go to church,she saidwith rather severe eyes.

She was one of those handsome women who will always be handsome
because the beauty is not in an air or a tintbut in the very structure
of the head and features. But though she was not yet middle-aged
and her auburn hair was of a Titianesque fullness in form and colour
there was a look in her mouth and around her eyes which suggested that
some sorrows wasted heras winds waste at last the edges of a Greek temple.
For indeed the little domestic difficulty of which she was now speaking
so decisively was rather comic than tragic. Father Brown gathered
from the course of the conversationthat Craythe other gourmet
had to leave before the usual lunch-time; but that Putnamhis host
not to be done out of a final feast with an old cronyhad arranged
for a special dejeuner to be set out and consumed in the course of
the morningwhile Audrey and other graver persons were at morning service.
She was going there under the escort of a relative and old friend of hers
Dr Oliver Omanwhothough a scientific man of a somewhat bitter type
was enthusiastic for musicand would go even to church to get it.
There was nothing in all this that could conceivably concern
the tragedy in Miss Watson's face; and by a half conscious instinct


Father Brown turned again to the seeming lunatic grubbing about
in the grass.

When he strolled across to himthe blackunbrushed head was
lifted abruptlyas if in some surprise at his continued presence.
And indeedFather Brownfor reasons best known to himself
had lingered much longer than politeness required; or even
in the ordinary sensepermitted.

Well!cried Craywith wild eyes. "I suppose you think I'm mad
like the rest?"

I have considered the thesis,answered the little mancomposedly.
And I incline to think you are not.

What do you mean?snapped Cray quite savagely.

Real madmen,explained Father Brownalways encourage their
own morbidity. They never strive against it. But you are trying
to find traces of the burglar; even when there aren't any.
You are struggling against it. You want what no madman ever wants.

And what is that?

You want to be proved wrong,said Brown.

During the last words Cray had sprung or staggered to his feet
and was regarding the cleric with agitated eyes. "By hell
but that is a true word!" he cried. "They are all at me here
that the fellow was only after the silver--as if I shouldn't be
only too pleased to think so! She's been at me and he tossed his tousled
black head towards Audrey, but the other had no need of the direction,
she's been at me today about how cruel I was to shoot a poor harmless
house-breakerand how I have the devil in me against poor harmless natives.
But I was a good-natured man once--as good-natured as Putnam."

After a pause he said: "Look hereI've never seen you before;
but you shall judge of the whole story. Old Putnam and I were friends
in the same mess; butowing to some accidents on the Afghan border
I got my command much sooner than most men; only we were both
invalided home for a bit. I was engaged to Audrey out there;
and we all travelled back together. But on the journey back
things happened. Curious things. The result of them was
that Putnam wants it broken offand even Audrey keeps it hanging on-and
I know what they mean. I know what they think I am. So do you.

Well, these are the facts. The last day we were in
an Indian city I asked Putnam if I could get some Trichinopoli cigars,
he directed me to a little place opposite his lodgings.
I have since found he was quite right; but `opposite' is a dangerous word
when one decent house stands opposite five or six squalid ones;
and I must have mistaken the door. It opened with difficulty,
and then only on darkness; but as I turned back, the door behind me
sank back and settled into its place with a noise as of innumerable bolts.
There was nothing to do but to walk forward; which I did through
passage after passage, pitch-dark. Then I came to a flight of steps,
and then to a blind door, secured by a latch of elaborate Eastern ironwork,
which I could only trace by touch, but which I loosened at last.
I came out again upon gloom, which was half turned into
a greenish twilight by a multitude of small but steady lamps below.
They showed merely the feet or fringes of some huge and empty architecture.
Just in front of me was something that looked like a mountain.
I confess I nearly fell on the great stone platform on which I had emerged,
to realize that it was an idol. And worst of all, an idol with


its back to me.

It was hardly half humanI guessed; to judge by the small squat head
and still more by a thing like a tail or extra limb turned up behind
and pointinglike a loathsome large fingerat some symbol graven
in the centre of the vast stone back. I had begunin the dim light
to guess at the hieroglyphicnot without horrorwhen a more horrible
thing happened. A door opened silently in the temple wall
behind me and a man came outwith a brown face and a black coat.
He had a carved smile on his faceof copper flesh and ivory teeth;
but I think the most hateful thing about him was that he was
in European dress. I was preparedI thinkfor shrouded priests
or naked fakirs. But this seemed to say that the devilry was
over all the earth. As indeed I found it to be.

`If you had only seen the Monkey's Feet,' he said, smiling steadily,
and without other preface, `we should have been very gentle-you
would only be tortured and die. If you had seen the Monkey's Face,
still we should be very moderate, very tolerant--you would only
be tortured and live. But as you have seen the Monkey's Tail,
we must pronounce the worst sentence. which is--Go Free.'

When he said the words I heard the elaborate iron latch with
which I had struggledautomatically unlock itself: and then
far down the dark passages I had passedI heard the heavy street-door
shifting its own bolts backwards.

`It is vain to ask for mercy; you must go free,' said
the smiling man. `Henceforth a hair shall slay you like a sword,
and a breath shall bite you like an adder; weapons shall come
against you out of nowhere; and you shall die many times.'
And with that he was swallowed once more in the wall behind;
and I went out into the street.

Cray paused; and Father Brown unaffectedly sat down on the lawn
and began to pick daisies.

Then the soldier continued: "Putnamof coursewith his
jolly common sensepooh-poohed all my fears; and from that time
dates his doubt of my mental balance. WellI'll simply tell you
in the fewest wordsthe three things that have happened since;
and you shall judge which of us is right.

The first happened in an Indian village on the edge of the jungle,
but hundreds of miles from the temple, or town, or type of tribes
and customs where the curse had been put on me. I woke in black midnight,
and lay thinking of nothing in particular, when I felt a faint
tickling thing, like a thread or a hair, trailed across my throat.
I shrank back out of its way, and could not help thinking of the words
in the temple. But when I got up and sought lights and a mirror,
the line across my neck was a line of blood.

The second happened in a lodging in Port Saidlater
on our journey home together. It was a jumble of tavern
and curiosity-shop; and though there was nothing there remotely suggesting
the cult of the Monkeyit isof coursepossible that some of its
images or talismans were in such a place. Its curse was thereanyhow.
I woke again in the dark with a sensation that could not be put
in colder or more literal words than that a breath bit like an adder.
Existence was an agony of extinction; I dashed my head against walls
until I dashed it against a window; and fell rather than jumped
into the garden below. Putnampoor fellowwho had called the other thing
a chance scratchwas bound to take seriously the fact of finding me
half insensible on the grass at dawn. But I fear it was my mental state


he took seriously; and not my story.

The third happened in Malta. We were in a fortress there;
and as it happened our bedrooms overlooked the open sea, which almost
came up to our window-sills, save for a flat white outer wall
as bare as the sea. I woke up again; but it was not dark.
There was a full moon, as I walked to the window; I could have seen a bird
on the bare battlement, or a sail on the horizon. What I did see
was a sort of stick or branch circling, self-supported, in the empty sky.
It flew straight in at my window and smashed the lamp beside the pillow
I had just quitted. It was one of those queer-shaped war-clubs
some Eastern tribes use. But it had come from no human hand.

Father Brown threw away a daisy-chain he was making
and rose with a wistful look. "Has Major Putnam he asked,
got any Eastern curiosidolsweapons and so onfrom which
one might get a hint?"

Plenty of those, though not much use, I fear,replied Cray;
but by all means come into his study.

As they entered they passed Miss Watson buttoning her gloves for church
and heard the voice of Putnam downstairs still giving a lecture on cookery
to the cook. In the Major's study and den of curios they came suddenly
on a third partysilk-hatted and dressed for the streetwho was
poring over an open book on the smoking-table--a book which he dropped
rather guiltilyand turned.

Cray introduced him civilly enoughas Dr Omanbut he showed
such disfavour in his very face that Brown guessed the two men
whether Audrey knew it or notwere rivals. Nor was the priest
wholly unsympathetic with the prejudice. Dr Oman was a very well-dressed
gentleman indeed; well-featuredthough almost dark enough for an Asiatic.
But Father Brown had to tell himself sharply that one should be in charity
even with those who wax their pointed beardswho have small gloved hands
and who speak with perfectly modulated voices.

Cray seemed to find something specially irritating in
the small prayer-book in Oman's dark-gloved hand. "I didn't know
that was in your line he said rather rudely.

Oman laughed mildly, but without offence. This is more soI know
he said, laying his hand on the big book he had dropped,
a dictionary of drugs and such things. But it's rather too large
to take to church." Then he closed the larger bookand there seemed
again the faintest touch of hurry and embarrassment.

I suppose,said the priestwho seemed anxious to change the subject
all these spears and things are from India?

From everywhere,answered the doctor. "Putnam is an old soldier
and has been in Mexico and Australiaand the Cannibal Islands
for all I know."

I hope it was not in the Cannibal Islands,said Brown
that he learnt the art of cookery.And he ran his eyes over
the stew-pots or other strange utensils on the wall.

At this moment the jolly subject of their conversation
thrust his laughinglobsterish face into the room. "Come alongCray
he cried. Your lunch is just coming in. And the bells are ringing
for those who want to go to church."

Cray slipped upstairs to change; Dr Oman and Miss Watson betook


themselves solemnly down the streetwith a string of other churchgoers;
but Father Brown noticed that the doctor twice looked back
and scrutinized the house; and even came back to the corner of the street
to look at it again.

The priest looked puzzled. "He can't have been at the dustbin
he muttered. Not in those clothes. Or was he there earlier today?"

Father Browntouching other peoplewas as sensitive as a barometer;
but today he seemed about as sensitive as a rhinoceros. By no social law
rigid or impliedcould he be supposed to linger round the lunch
of the Anglo-Indian friends; but he lingeredcovering his position
with torrents of amusing but quite needless conversation.
He was the more puzzling because he did not seem to want any lunch.
As one after another of the most exquisitely balanced kedgerees of curries
accompanied with their appropriate vintageswere laid before
the other twohe only repeated that it was one of his fast-days
and munched a piece of bread and sipped and then left untasted
a tumbler of cold water. His talkhoweverwas exuberant.

I'll tell you what I'll do for you,he cried--I'll mix you
a salad! I can't eat it, but I'll mix it like an angel!
You've got a lettuce there.

Unfortunately it's the only thing we have got,answered
the good-humoured Major. "You must remember that mustardvinegar
oil and so on vanished with the cruet and the burglar."

I know,replied Brownrather vaguely. "That's what I've always
been afraid would happen. That's why I always carry a cruet-stand
about with me. I'm so fond of salads."

And to the amazement of the two men he took a pepper-pot out of
his waistcoat pocket and put it on the table.

I wonder why the burglar wanted mustard, too,he went on
taking a mustard-pot from another pocket. "A mustard plaster
I suppose. And vinegar"--and producing that condiment-"
haven't I heard something about vinegar and brown paper?
As for oilwhich I think I put in my left--"

His garrulity was an instant arrested; for lifting his eyes
he saw what no one else saw--the black figure of Dr Oman standing
on the sunlit lawn and looking steadily into the room. Before he could
quite recover himself Cray had cloven in.

You're an astounding card,he saidstaring. "I shall come
and hear your sermonsif they're as amusing as your manners."
His voice changed a littleand he leaned back in his chair.

Oh, there are sermons in a cruet-stand, too,said Father Brown
quite gravely. "Have you heard of faith like a grain of mustard-seed;
or charity that anoints with oil? And as for vinegarcan any soldiers
forget that solitary soldierwhowhen the sun was darkened--"

Colonel Cray leaned forward a little and clutched the tablecloth.

Father Brownwho was making the saladtipped two spoonfuls
of the mustard into the tumbler of water beside him; stood up and said
in a newloud and sudden voice--"Drink that!"

At the same moment the motionless doctor in the garden came running
and bursting open a window cried: "Am I wanted? Has he been poisoned?"


Pretty near,said Brownwith the shadow of a smile; for
the emetic had very suddenly taken effect. And Cray lay in a deck-chair
gasping as for lifebut alive.

Major Putnam had sprung uphis purple face mottled. "A crime!"
he cried hoarsely. "I will go for the police!"

The priest could hear him dragging down his palm-leaf hat from the peg
and tumbling out of the front door; he heard the garden gate slam.
But he only stood looking at Cray; and after a silence said quietly:

I shall not talk to you much; but I will tell you what
you want to know. There is no curse on you. The Temple of the Monkey
was either a coincidence or a part of the trick; the trick was
the trick of a white man. There is only one weapon that will bring blood
with that mere feathery touch: a razor held by a white man.
There is one way of making a common room full of invisible,
overpowering poison: turning on the gas--the crime of a white man.
And there is only one kind of club that can be thrown out of a window,
turn in mid-air and come back to the window next to it:
the Australian boomerang. You'll see some of them in the Major's study.

With that he went outside and spoke for a moment to the doctor.
The moment afterAudrey Watson came rushing into the house and
fell on her knees beside Cray's chair. He could not hear what they said
to each other; but their faces moved with amazementnot unhappiness.
The doctor and the priest walked slowly towards the garden gate.

I suppose the Major was in love with her, too,he said with a sigh;
and when the other noddedobserved: "You were very generousdoctor.
You did a fine thing. But what made you suspect?"

A very small thing,said Oman; "but it kept me restless in church
till I came back to see that all was well. That book on his table
was a work on poisons; and was put down open at the place where it stated
that a certain Indian poisonthough deadly and difficult to trace
was particularly easily reversible by the use of the commonest emetics.
I suppose he read that at the last moment--"

And remembered that there were emetics in the cruet-stand,
said Father Brown. "Exactly. He threw the cruet in the dustbin-where
I found italong with other silver--for the sake of
a burglary blind. But if you look at that pepper-pot I put on the table
you'll see a small hole. That's where Cray's bullet struck
shaking up the pepper and making the criminal sneeze."

There was a silence. Then Dr Oman said grimly: "The Major is
a long time looking for the police."

Or the police in looking for the Major?said the priest.
Well, good-bye.

ELEVEN

The Strange Crime of John Boulnois

MR CALHOUN KIDD was a very young gentleman with a very old face
a face dried up with its own eagernessframed in blue-black hair
and a black butterfly tie. He was the emissary in England


of the colossal American daily called the Western Sun-also
humorously described as the "Rising Sunset". This was in allusion
to a great journalistic declaration (attributed to Mr Kidd himself)
that "he guessed the sun would rise in the west yetif American citizens
did a bit more hustling." Thosehoweverwho mock American journalism
from the standpoint of somewhat mellower traditions forget
a certain paradox which partly redeems it. For while the journalism
of the States permits a pantomimic vulgarity long past anything English
it also shows a real excitement about the most earnest mental problems
of which English papers are innocentor rather incapable.
The Sun was full of the most solemn matters treated in the most
farcical way. William James figured there as well as "Weary Willie
and pragmatists alternated with pugilists in the long procession
of its portraits.

Thus, when a very unobtrusive Oxford man named John Boulnois
wrote in a very unreadable review called the Natural Philosophy Quarterly
a series of articles on alleged weak points in Darwinian evolution,
it fluttered no corner of the English papers; though Boulnois's theory
(which was that of a comparatively stationary universe visited occasionally
by convulsions of change) had some rather faddy fashionableness at Oxford,
and got so far as to be named Catastrophism". But many American papers
seized on the challenge as a great event; and the Sun threw
the shadow of Mr Boulnois quite gigantically across its pages.
By the paradox already notedarticles of valuable intelligence and
enthusiasm were presented with headlines apparently written
by an illiterate maniacheadlines such as "Darwin Chews Dirt;
Critic Boulnois says He Jumps the Shocks"--or "Keep Catastrophic
says Thinker Boulnois." And Mr Calhoun Kiddof the Western Sun
was bidden to take his butterfly tie and lugubrious visage down to
the little house outside Oxford where Thinker Boulnois lived
in happy ignorance of such a title.

That fated philosopher had consentedin a somewhat dazed manner
to receive the interviewerand had named the hour of nine that evening.
The last of a summer sunset clung about Cumnor and the low wooded hills;
the romantic Yankee was both doubtful of his road and inquisitive
about his surroundings; and seeing the door of a genuine feudal
old-country innThe Champion Armsstanding openhe went in
to make inquiries.

In the bar parlour he rang the belland had to wait
some little time for a reply to it. The only other person present
was a lean man with close red hair and loosehorsey-looking clothes
who was drinking very bad whiskybut smoking a very good cigar.
The whiskyof coursewas the choice brand of The Champion Arms;
the cigar he had probably brought with him from London.
Nothing could be more different than his cynical negligence from
the dapper dryness of the young American; but something in his pencil
and open notebookand perhaps in the expression of his alert blue eye
caused Kidd to guesscorrectlythat he was a brother journalist.

Could you do me the favour,asked Kiddwith the courtesy of
his nationof directing me to the Grey Cottage, where Mr Boulnois lives,
as I understand?

It's a few yards down the road,said the red-haired man
removing his cigar; "I shall be passing it myself in a minute
but I'm going on to Pendragon Park to try and see the fun."

What is Pendragon Park?asked Calhoun Kidd.

Sir Claude Champion's place--haven't you come down for that, too?
asked the other pressmanlooking up. "You're a journalistaren't you?"


I have come to see Mr Boulnois,said Kidd.

I've come to see Mrs Boulnois,replied the other.
But I shan't catch her at home.And he laughed rather unpleasantly.

Are you interested in Catastrophism?asked the wondering Yankee.

I'm interested in catastrophes; and there are going to be some,
replied his companion gloomily. "Mine's a filthy trade
and I never pretend it isn't."

With that he spat on the floor; yet somehow in the very act and
instant one could realize that the man had been brought up as a gentleman.

The American pressman considered him with more attention.
His face was pale and dissipatedwith the promise of formidable passions
yet to be loosed; but it was a clever and sensitive face; his clothes
were coarse and carelessbut he had a good seal ring on one of his long
thin fingers. His namewhich came out in the course of talk
was James Dalroy; he was the son of a bankrupt Irish landlord
and attached to a pink paper which he heartily despisedcalled
Smart Societyin the capacity of reporter and of something
painfully like a spy.

Smart SocietyI regret to sayfelt none of that interest in
Boulnois on Darwin which was such a credit to the head and hearts of
the Western Sun. Dalroy had come downit seemedto snuff up
the scent of a scandal which might very well end in the Divorce Court
but which was at present hovering between Grey Cottage and Pendragon Park.

Sir Claude Champion was known to the readers of the Western Sun
as well as Mr Boulnois. So were the Pope and the Derby Winner;
but the idea of their intimate acquaintanceship would have struck Kidd
as equally incongruous. He had heard of (and written about
nayfalsely pretended to know) Sir Claude Championas
one of the brightest and wealthiest of England's Upper Ten;
as the great sportsman who raced yachts round the world;
as the great traveller who wrote books about the Himalayas
as the politician who swept constituencies with a startling sort of
Tory Democracyand as the great dabbler in artmusicliterature
andabove allacting. Sir Claude was really rather magnificent in
other than American eyes. There was something of the Renascence Prince
about his omnivorous culture and restless publicity--he was not only
a great amateurbut an ardent one. There was in him none of that
antiquarian frivolity that we convey by the word "dilettante".

That faultless falcon profile with purple-black Italian eye
which had been snap-shotted so often both for Smart Society and
the Western Sungave everyone the impression of a man eaten by ambition
as by a fireor even a disease. But though Kidd knew a great deal
about Sir Claude--a great deal morein factthan there was to know-it
would never have crossed his wildest dreams to connect so showy
an aristocrat with the newly-unearthed founder of Catastrophism
or to guess that Sir Claude Champion and John Boulnois could be
intimate friends. Suchaccording to Dalroy's account
was nevertheless the fact. The two had hunted in couples at school
and collegeandthough their social destinies had been very different
(for Champion was a great landlord and almost a millionaire
while Boulnois was a poor scholar anduntil just lately
an unknown one)they still kept in very close touch with each other.
IndeedBoulnois's cottage stood just outside the gates of Pendragon Park.

But whether the two men could be friends much longer was becoming


a dark and ugly question. A year or two beforeBoulnois had married
a beautiful and not unsuccessful actressto whom he was devoted
in his own shy and ponderous style; and the proximity of the household
to Champion's had given that flighty celebrity opportunities for behaving
in a way that could not but cause painful and rather base excitement.
Sir Claude had carried the arts of publicity to perfection;
and he seemed to take a crazy pleasure in being equally ostentatious
in an intrigue that could do him no sort of honour. Footmen from
Pendragon were perpetually leaving bouquets for Mrs Boulnois;
carriages and motor-cars were perpetually calling at the cottage
for Mrs Boulnois; balls and masquerades perpetually filled the grounds
in which the baronet paraded Mrs Boulnoislike the Queen of
Love and Beauty at a tournament. That very eveningmarked by Mr
Kidd for the exposition of Catastrophismhad been marked by
Sir Claude Champion for an open-air rendering of Romeo and Juliet
in which he was to play Romeo to a Juliet it was needless to name.

I don't think it can go on without a smash,said the young man
with red hairgetting up and shaking himself. "Old Boulnois may be
squared--or he may be square. But if he's square he's thick-what
you might call cubic. But I don't believe it's possible."

He is a man of grand intellectual powers,said Calhoun Kidd
in a deep voice.

Yes,answered Dalroy; "but even a man of grand intellectual powers
can't be such a blighted fool as all that. Must you be going on?
I shall be following myself in a minute or two."

But Calhoun Kiddhaving finished a milk and sodabetook himself
smartly up the road towards the Grey Cottageleaving his cynical informant
to his whisky and tobacco. The last of the daylight had faded;
the skies were of a darkgreen-greylike slatestudded here and there
with a starbut lighter on the left side of the skywith the promise
of a rising moon.

The Grey Cottagewhich stood entrenchedas it werein a square
of stiffhigh thorn-hedgeswas so close under the pines and palisades
of the Park that Kidd at first mistook it for the Park Lodge.
Finding the name on the narrow wooden gatehoweverand seeing
by his watch that the hour of the "Thinker's" appointment had just struck
he went in and knocked at the front door. Inside the garden hedge
he could see that the housethough unpretentious enoughwas larger
and more luxurious than it looked at firstand was quite a different kind
of place from a porter's lodge. A dog-kennel and a beehive stood outside
like symbols of old English country-life; the moon was rising behind
a plantation of prosperous pear treesthe dog that came out of the kennel
was reverend-looking and reluctant to bark; and the plainelderly
man-servant who opened the door was brief but dignified.

Mr Boulnois asked me to offer his apologies, sir,he said
but he has been obliged to go out suddenly.

But see here, I had an appointment,said the interviewer
with a rising voice. "Do you know where he went to?"

To Pendragon Park, sir,said the servantrather sombrely
and began to close the door.

Kidd started a little.

Did he go with Mrs--with the rest of the party?he asked
rather vaguely.


No, sir,said the man shortly; "he stayed behindand then
went out alone." And he shut the doorbrutallybut with an air of
duty not done.

The Americanthat curious compound of impudence and sensitiveness
was annoyed. He felt a strong desire to hustle them all along a bit
and teach them business habits; the hoary old dog and the grizzled
heavy-faced old butler with his prehistoric shirt-frontand the drowsy
old moonand above all the scatter-brained old philosopher who
couldn't keep an appointment.

If that's the way he goes on he deserves to lose his wife's
purest devotion,said Mr Calhoun Kidd. "But perhaps he's gone over
to make a row. In that case I reckon a man from the Western Sun
will be on the spot."

And turning the corner by the open lodge-gateshe set off
stumping up the long avenue of black pine-woods that pointed
in abrupt perspective towards the inner gardens of Pendragon Park.
The trees were as black and orderly as plumes upon a hearse;
there were still a few stars. He was a man with more literary
than direct natural associations; the word "Ravenswood" came into
his head repeatedly. It was partly the raven colour of the pine-woods;
but partly also an indescribable atmosphere almost described
in Scott's great tragedy; the smell of something that died
in the eighteenth century; the smell of dank gardens and broken urns
of wrongs that will never now be righted; of something that is
none the less incurably sad because it is strangely unreal.

More than onceas he went up that strangeblack road
of tragic artificehe stoppedstartledthinking he heard steps
in front of him. He could see nothing in front but the twin sombre
walls of pine and the wedge of starlit sky above them. At first
he thought he must have fancied it or been mocked by a mere echo of
his own tramp. But as he went on he was more and more inclined
to concludewith the remains of his reasonthat there really were
other feet upon the road. He thought hazily of ghosts; and was surprised
how swiftly he could see the image of an appropriate and local ghost
one with a face as white as Pierrot'sbut patched with black.
The apex of the triangle of dark-blue sky was growing brighter and bluer
but he did not realize as yet that this was because he was coming
nearer to the lights of the great house and garden. He only felt
that the atmosphere was growing more intensethere was in the sadness
more violence and secrecy--more--he hesitated for the word
and then said it with a jerk of laughter--Catastrophism.

More pinesmore pathway slid past himand then he stood rooted
as by a blast of magic. It is vain to say that he felt as if he had
got into a dream; but this time he felt quite certain that he had
got into a book. For we human beings are used to inappropriate things;
we are accustomed to the clatter of the incongruous; it is a tune
to which we can go to sleep. If one appropriate thing happens
it wakes us up like the pang of a perfect chord. Something happened
such as would have happened in such a place in a forgotten tale.

Over the black pine-wood came flying and flashing in the moon
a naked sword--such a slender and sparkling rapier as may have
fought many an unjust duel in that ancient park. It fell on the pathway
far in front of him and lay there glistening like a large needle.
He ran like a hare and bent to look at it. Seen at close quarters
it had rather a showy look: the big red jewels in the hilt and guard
were a little dubious. But there were other red drops upon the blade
which were not dubious.


He looked round wildly in the direction from which the dazzling missile
had comeand saw that at this point the sable facade of fir and pine
was interrupted by a smaller road at right angles; whichwhen he turned it
brought him in full view of the longlighted housewith a lake and
fountains in front of it. Neverthelesshe did not look at this
having something more interesting to look at

Above himat the angle of the steep green bank of the
terraced gardenwas one of those small picturesque surprises
common in the old landscape gardening; a kind of small round hill or
dome of grasslike a giant mole-hillringed and crowned with
three concentric fences of rosesand having a sundial in the highest point
in the centre. Kidd could see the finger of the dial stand up dark
against the sky like the dorsal fin of a shark and the vain moonlight
clinging to that idle clock. But he saw something else clinging
to it alsofor one wild moment--the figure of a man.

Though he saw it there only for a momentthough it was outlandish
and incredible in costumebeing clad from neck to heel in tight crimson
with glints of goldyet he knew in one flash of moonlight who it was.
That white face flung up to heavenclean-shaven and so unnaturally young
like Byron with a Roman nosethose black curls already grizzled-he
had seen the thousand public portraits of Sir Claude Champion.
The wild red figure reeled an instant against the sundial; the next
it had rolled down the steep bank and lay at the American's feet
faintly moving one arm. A gaudyunnatural gold ornament on the arm
suddenly reminded Kidd of Romeo and Juliet; of course the tight crimson
suit was part of the play. But there was a long red stain down
the bank from which the man had rolled--that was no part of the play.
He had been run through the body.

Mr Calhoun Kidd shouted and shouted again. Once more he seemed
to hear phantasmal footstepsand started to find another figure
already near him. He knew the figureand yet it terrified him.
The dissipated youth who had called himself Dalroy had a horribly quiet
way with him; if Boulnois failed to keep appointments that had been made
Dalroy had a sinister air of keeping appointments that hadn't.
The moonlight discoloured everythingagainst Dalroy's red hair
his wan face looked not so much white as pale green.

All this morbid impressionism must be Kidd's excuse for having
cried outbrutally and beyond all reason: "Did you do thisyou devil?"

James Dalroy smiled his unpleasing smile; but before he could speak
the fallen figure made another movement of the armwaving vaguely
towards the place where the sword fell; then came a moanand then
it managed to speak.

Boulnois.... Boulnois, I say.... Boulnois did it...
jealous of me...he was jealous, he was, he was...

Kidd bent his head down to hear moreand just managed
to catch the words:

Boulnois...with my own sword...he threw it...

Again the failing hand waved towards the swordand then fell rigid
with a thud. In Kidd rose from its depth all that acrid humour
that is the strange salt of the seriousness of his race.

See here,he said sharply and with commandyou must
fetch a doctor. This man's dead.

And a priest, too, I suppose,said Dalroy in an undecipherable manner.


All these Champions are papists.

The American knelt down by the bodyfelt the heartpropped up
the head and used some last efforts at restoration; but before
the other journalist reappearedfollowed by a doctor and a priest
he was already prepared to assert they were too late.

Were you too late also?asked the doctora solid
prosperous-looking manwith conventional moustache and whiskers
but a lively eyewhich darted over Kidd dubiously.

In one sense,drawled the representative of the Sun.
I was too late to save the man, but I guess I was in time to hear
something of importance. I heard the dead man denounce his assassin.

And who was the assassin?asked the doctordrawing his
eyebrows together.

Boulnois,said Calhoun Kiddand whistled softly.

The doctor stared at him gloomily with a reddening brow--
but he did not contradict. Then the priesta shorter figure
in the backgroundsaid mildly: "I understood that Mr Boulnois
was not coming to Pendragon Park this evening."

There again,said the Yankee grimlyI may be in a position
to give the old country a fact or two. Yes, sir, John Boulnois
was going to stay in all this evening; he fixed up a real good appointment
there with me. But John Boulnois changed his mind; John Boulnois
left his home abruptly and all alone, and came over to this darned Park
an hour or so ago. His butler told me so. I think we hold what
the all-wise police call a clue--have you sent for them?

Yes,said the doctorbut we haven't alarmed anyone else yet.

Does Mrs Boulnois know?asked James Dalroyand again Kidd
was conscious of an irrational desire to hit him on his curling mouth.

I have not told her,said the doctor gruffly--but here come
the police.

The little priest had stepped out into the main avenue
and now returned with the fallen swordwhich looked ludicrously large
and theatrical when attached to his dumpy figureat once clerical
and commonplace. "Just before the police come he said apologetically,
has anyone got a light?"

The Yankee journalist took an electric torch from his pocket
and the priest held it close to the middle part of the blade
which he examined with blinking care. Thenwithout glancing at
the point or pommelhe handed the long weapon to the doctor.

I fear I'm no use here,he saidwith a brief sigh.
I'll say good night to you, gentlemen.And he walked away
up the dark avenue towards the househis hands clasped behind him
and his big head bent in cogitation.

The rest of the group made increased haste towards the lodge-gates
where an inspector and two constables could already be seen
in consultation with the lodge-keeper. But the little priest
only walked slower and slower in the dim cloister of pineand at last
stopped deadon the steps of the house. It was his silent way
of acknowledging an equally silent approach; for there came towards
him a presence that might have satisfied even Calhoun Kidd's demands


for a lovely and aristocratic ghost. It was a young woman
in silvery satins of a Renascence design; she had golden hair
in two long shining ropesand a face so startingly pale between them
that she might have been chryselephantine--madethat islike some
old Greek statuesout of ivory and gold. But her eyes were very bright
and her voicethough lowwas confident.

Father Brown?she said.

Mrs Boulnois?he replied gravely. Then he looked at her and
immediately said: "I see you know about Sir Claude."

How do you know I know?she asked steadily.

He did not answer the questionbut asked another: "Have you
seen your husband?"

My husband is at home,she said. "He has nothing to do with this."

Again he did not answer; and the woman drew nearer to him
with a curiously intense expression on her face.

Shall I tell you something more?she saidwith a rather
fearful smile. "I don't think he did itand you don't either."
Father Brown returned her gaze with a longgrave stareand then nodded
yet more gravely.

Father Brown,said the ladyI am going to tell you all I know,
but I want you to do me a favour first. Will you tell me why
you haven't jumped to the conclusion of poor John's guilt,
as all the rest have done? Don't mind what you say: I--I know about
the gossip and the appearances that are against me.

Father Brown looked honestly embarrassedand passed his hand
across his forehead. "Two very little things he said.
At leastone's very trivial and the other very vague.
But such as they arethey don't fit in with Mr Boulnois
being the murderer."

He turned his blankround face up to the stars and
continued absentmindedly: "To take the vague idea first.
I attach a good deal of importance to vague ideas. All those things that
`aren't evidence' are what convince me. I think a moral impossibility
the biggest of all impossibilities. I know your husband only slightly
but I think this crime of hisas generally conceivedsomething
very like a moral impossibility. Please do not think I mean that
Boulnois could not be so wicked. Anybody can be wicked--as wicked as
he chooses. We can direct our moral wills; but we can't generally change
our instinctive tastes and ways of doing things. Boulnois might
commit a murderbut not this murder. He would not snatch Romeo's sword
from its romantic scabbard; or slay his foe on the sundial as on
a kind of altar; or leave his body among the rosesor fling the sword
away among the pines. If Boulnois killed anyone he'd do it
quietly and heavilyas he'd do any other doubtful thing-take
a tenth glass of portor read a loose Greek poet.
Nothe romantic setting is not like Boulnois. It's more like Champion."

Ah!she saidand looked at him with eyes like diamonds.

And the trivial thing was this,said Brown. "There were
finger-prints on that sword; finger-prints can be detected quite
a time after they are made if they're on some polished surface
like glass or steel. These were on a polished surface.
They were half-way down the blade of the sword. Whose prints they were


I have no earthly clue; but why should anybody hold a sword half-way down?
It was a long swordbut length is an advantage in lunging at an enemy.
At leastat most enemies. At all enemies except one."

Except one,she repeated.

There is only one enemy,said Father Brownwhom it is easier
to kill with a dagger than a sword.

I know,said the woman. "Oneself."

There was a long silenceand then the priest said quietly
but abruptly: "Am I rightthen? Did Sir Claude kill himself?"

Yesshe saidwith a face like marble. "I saw him do it."

He died,said Father Brownfor love of you?

An extraordinary expression flashed across her face
very different from pitymodestyremorseor anything her companion
had expected: her voice became suddenly strong and full.
I don't believe,she saidhe ever cared about me a rap.
He hated my husband.

Why?asked the otherand turned his round face from the sky
to the lady.

He hated my husband because...it is so strange I hardly know
how to say it...because...

Yes?said Brown patiently.

Because my husband wouldn't hate him.

Father Brown only noddedand seemed still to be listening;
he differed from most detectives in fact and fiction in a small point-he
never pretended not to understand when he understood perfectly well.

Mrs Boulnois drew near once more with the same contained
glow of certainty. "My husband she said, is a great man.
Sir Claude Champion was not a great man: he was a celebrated and
successful man. My husband has never been celebrated or successful;
and it is the solemn truth that he has never dreamed of being so.
He no more expects to be famous for thinking than for smoking cigars.
On all that side he has a sort of splendid stupidity. He has never
grown up. He still liked Champion exactly as he liked him at school;
he admired him as he would admire a conjuring trick done at
the dinner-table. But he couldn't be got to conceive the notion of
envying Champion. And Champion wanted to be envied. He went mad
and killed himself for that."

Yes,said Father Brown; "I think I begin to understand."

Oh, don't you see?she cried; "the whole picture is made for that-the
place is planned for it. Champion put John in a little house
at his very doorlike a dependant--to make him feel a failure.
He never felt it. He thinks no more about such things than-than
an absent-minded lion. Champion would burst in on John's
shabbiest hours or homeliest meals with some dazzling present or
announcement or expedition that made it like the visit of Haroun Alraschid
and John would accept or refuse amiably with one eye offso to speak
like one lazy schoolboy agreeing or disagreeing with another.
After five years of it John had not turned a hair; and Sir Claude Champion
was a monomaniac."


And Haman began to tell them,said Father Brown
of all the things wherein the king had honoured him; and he said:
`All these things profit me nothing while I see Mordecai the Jew
sitting in the gate.'

The crisis came,Mrs Boulnois continuedwhen I persuaded John
to let me take down some of his speculations and send them to a magazine.
They began to attract attention, especially in America, and one paper
wanted to interview him. When Champion (who was interviewed
nearly every day) heard of this late little crumb of success
falling to his unconscious rival, the last link snapped that held back
his devilish hatred. Then he began to lay that insane siege to my own
love and honour which has been the talk of the shire. You will ask me
why I allowed such atrocious attentions. I answer that I could not have
declined them except by explaining to my husband, and there are
some things the soul cannot do, as the body cannot fly.
Nobody could have explained to my husband. Nobody could do it now.
If you said to him in so many words, `Champion is stealing your wife,'
he would think the joke a little vulgar: that it could be anything
but a joke--that notion could find no crack in his great skull
to get in by. Well, John was to come and see us act this evening,
but just as we were starting he said he wouldn't; he had got
an interesting book and a cigar. I told this to Sir Claude,
and it was his death-blow. The monomaniac suddenly saw despair.
He stabbed himself, crying out like a devil that Boulnois was slaying him;
he lies there in the garden dead of his own jealousy to produce jealousy,
and John is sitting in the dining-room reading a book.

There was another silenceand then the little priest said:
There is only one weak point, Mrs Boulnois, in all your
very vivid account. Your husband is not sitting in the dining-room
reading a book. That American reporter told me he had been to your house,
and your butler told him Mr Boulnois had gone to Pendragon Park after all.

Her bright eyes widened to an almost electric glare;
and yet it seemed rather bewilderment than confusion or fear.
Why, what can you mean?she cried. "All the servants were
out of the houseseeing the theatricals. And we don't keep a butler
thank goodness!"

Father Brown started and spun half round like an absurd teetotum.
What, what?he cried seeming galvanized into sudden life.
Look here--I say--can I make your husband hear if I go to the house?

Oh, the servants will be back by now,she saidwondering.

Right, right!rejoined the cleric energeticallyand set off
scuttling up the path towards the Park gates. He turned once to say:
Better get hold of that Yankee, or `Crime of John Boulnois' will be
all over the Republic in large letters.

You don't understand,said Mrs Boulnois. "He wouldn't mind.
I don't think he imagines that America really is a place."

When Father Brown reached the house with the beehive and
the drowsy doga small and neat maid-servant showed him into
the dining-roomwhere Boulnois sat reading by a shaded lamp
exactly as his wife described him. A decanter of port and a wineglass
were at his elbow; and the instant the priest entered he noted
the long ash stand out unbroken on his cigar.

He has been here for half an hour at least,thought Father Brown.
In facthe had the air of sitting where he had sat when his dinner


was cleared away.

Don't get up, Mr Boulnois,said the priest in his pleasant
prosaic way. "I shan't interrupt you a moment. I fear I break in on
some of your scientific studies."

No,said Boulnois; "I was reading `The Bloody Thumb.'"
He said it with neither frown nor smileand his visitor was conscious
of a certain deep and virile indifference in the man which his wife
had called greatness. He laid down a gory yellow "shocker"
without even feeling its incongruity enough to comment on it humorously.
John Boulnois was a bigslow-moving man with a massive head
partly grey and partly baldand bluntburly features.
He was in shabby and very old-fashioned evening-dresswith a narrow
triangular opening of shirt-front: he had assumed it that evening
in his original purpose of going to see his wife act Juliet.

I won't keep you long from `The Bloody Thumb' or any other
catastrophic affairs,said Father Brownsmiling. "I only came
to ask you about the crime you committed this evening."

Boulnois looked at him steadilybut a red bar began to show
across his broad brow; and he seemed like one discovering embarrassment
for the first time.

I know it was a strange crime,assented Brown in a low voice.
Stranger than murder perhaps--to you. The little sins are sometimes
harder to confess than the big ones--but that's why it's so important
to confess them. Your crime is committed by every fashionable hostess
six times a week: and yet you find it sticks to your tongue like
a nameless atrocity.

It makes one feel,said the philosopher slowlysuch a
damned fool.

I know,assented the otherbut one often has to choose
between feeling a damned fool and being one.

I can't analyse myself well,went on Boulnois; "but sitting
in that chair with that story I was as happy as a schoolboy
on a half-holiday. It was securityeternity--I can't convey it...
the cigars were within reach...the matches were within reach...
the Thumb had four more appearances to...it was not only a peace
but a plenitude. Then that bell rangand I thought for one long
mortal minute that I couldn't get out of that chair--literally
physicallymuscularly couldn't. Then I did it like a man
lifting the worldbecause I knew all the servants were out.
I opened the front doorand there was a little man with his mouth open
to speak and his notebook open to write in. I remembered the Yankee
interviewer I had forgotten. His hair was parted in the middle
and I tell you that murder--"

I understand,said Father Brown. "I've seen him."

I didn't commit murder,continued the Catastrophist mildly
but only perjury. I said I had gone across to Pendragon Park
and shut the door in his face. That is my crime, Father Brown,
and I don't know what penance you would inflict for it.

I shan't inflict any penance,said the clerical gentleman
collecting his heavy hat and umbrella with an air of some amusement;
quite the contrary. I came here specially to let you off the little
penance which would otherwise have followed your little offence.


And what,asked Boulnoissmilingis the little penance
I have so luckily been let off?

Being hanged,said Father Brown.

TWELVE

The Fairy Tale of Father Brown

THE picturesque city and state of Heiligwaldenstein was one of those
toy kingdoms of which certain parts of the German Empire still consist.
It had come under the Prussian hegemony quite late in history-hardly
fifty years before the fine summer day when Flambeau and
Father Brown found themselves sitting in its gardens and drinking its beer.
There had been not a little of war and wild justice there within
living memoryas soon will be shown. But in merely looking at it
one could not dismiss that impression of childishness which is
the most charming side of Germany--those little pantomime
paternal monarchies in which a king seems as domestic as a cook.
The German soldiers by the innumerable sentry-boxes looked strangely like
German toysand the clean-cut battlements of the castle
gilded by the sunshinelooked the more like the gilt gingerbread.
For it was brilliant weather. The sky was as Prussian a blue as
Potsdam itself could requirebut it was yet more like that lavish and
glowing use of the colour which a child extracts from a shilling paint-box.
Even the grey-ribbed trees looked youngfor the pointed buds on them
were still pinkand in a pattern against the strong blue looked like
innumerable childish figures.

Despite his prosaic appearance and generally practical walk of life
Father Brown was not without a certain streak of romance in his composition
though he generally kept his daydreams to himselfas many children do.
Amid the briskbright colours of such a dayand in the heraldic
framework of such a townhe did feel rather as if he had entered
a fairy tale. He took a childish pleasureas a younger brother might
in the formidable sword-stick which Flambeau always flung as he walked
and which now stood upright beside his tall mug of Munich.
Nayin his sleepy irresponsibilityhe even found himself eyeing the
knobbed and clumsy head of his own shabby umbrellawith some
faint memories of the ogre's club in a coloured toy-book.
But he never composed anything in the form of fictionunless it be
the tale that follows:

I wonder,he saidwhether one would have real adventures
in a place like this, if one put oneself in the way? It's a splendid
back-scene for them, but I always have a kind of feeling that they
would fight you with pasteboard sabres more than real, horrible swords.

You are mistaken,said his friend. "In this place they
not only fight with swordsbut kill without swords. And there's
worse than that."

Why, what do you mean?asked Father Brown.

Why,replied the otherI should say this was the only place
in Europe where a man was ever shot without firearms.

Do you mean a bow and arrow?asked Brown in some wonder.

I mean a bullet in the brain,replied Flambeau.


Don't you know the story of the late Prince of this place?
It was one of the great police mysteries about twenty years ago.
You remember, of course, that this place was forcibly annexed
at the time of Bismarck's very earliest schemes of consolidation-forcibly,
that is, but not at all easily. The empire (or what wanted
to be one) sent Prince Otto of Grossenmark to rule the place
in the Imperial interests. We saw his portrait in the gallery there-a
handsome old gentleman if he'd had any hair or eyebrows,
and hadn't been wrinkled all over like a vulture; but he had
things to harass him, as I'll explain in a minute. He was a soldier
of distinguished skill and success, but he didn't have altogether
an easy job with this little place. He was defeated in several battles
by the celebrated Arnhold brothers--the three guerrilla patriots
to whom Swinburne wrote a poem, you remember:

Wolves with the hair of the ermine,
Crows that are crowned and kings--
These things be many as vermin,
Yet Three shall abide these things.


Or something of that kind. Indeed, it is by no means certain
that the occupation would ever have been successful had not one of
the three brothers, Paul, despicably, but very decisively declined
to abide these things any longer, and, by surrendering all the secrets
of the insurrection, ensured its overthrow and his own ultimate promotion
to the post of chamberlain to Prince Otto. After this, Ludwig,
the one genuine hero among Mr Swinburne's heroes, was killed,
sword in hand, in the capture of the city; and the third, Heinrich,
who, though not a traitor, had always been tame and even timid
compared with his active brothers, retired into something like a hermitage,
became converted to a Christian quietism which was almost Quakerish,
and never mixed with men except to give nearly all he had to the poor.
They tell me that not long ago he could still be seen about
the neighbourhood occasionally, a man in a black cloak, nearly blind,
with very wild, white hair, but a face of astonishing softness.


I know,said Father Brown. "I saw him once."

His friend looked at him in some surprise. "I didn't know
you'd been here before he said. Perhaps you know as much about it
as I do. Anyhowthat's the story of the Arnholdsand he was
the last survivor of them. Yesand of all the men who played parts
in that drama."

You mean that the Prince, too, died long before?

Died,repeated Flambeauand that's about as much as we can say.
You must understand that towards the end of his life he began
to have those tricks of the nerves not uncommon with tyrants.
He multiplied the ordinary daily and nightly guard round his castle
till there seemed to be more sentry-boxes than houses in the town,
and doubtful characters were shot without mercy. He lived almost entirely
in a little room that was in the very centre of the enormous labyrinth
of all the other rooms, and even in this he erected another sort of
central cabin or cupboard, lined with steel, like a safe or a battleship.
Some say that under the floor of this again was a secret hole in the earth,
no more than large enough to hold him, so that, in his anxiety
to avoid the grave, he was willing to go into a place pretty much like it.
But he went further yet. The populace had been supposed to be disarmed
ever since the suppression of the revolt, but Otto now insisted,
as governments very seldom insist, on an absolute and literal disarmament.
It was carried out, with extraordinary thoroughness and severity,
by very well-organized officials over a small and familiar area, and,
so far as human strength and science can be absolutely certain of anything,


Prince Otto was absolutely certain that nobody could introduce so much as
a toy pistol into Heiligwaldenstein.

Human science can never be quite certain of things like that,
said Father Brownstill looking at the red budding of the branches
over his headif only because of the difficulty about definition
and connotation. What is a weapon? People have been murdered
with the mildest domestic comforts; certainly with tea-kettles,
probably with tea-cosies. On the other hand, if you showed
an Ancient Briton a revolver, I doubt if he would know it was a weapon-until
it was fired into him, of course. Perhaps somebody introduced
a firearm so new that it didn't even look like a firearm.
Perhaps it looked like a thimble or something. Was the bullet
at all peculiar?

Not that I ever heard of,answered Flambeau; "but my information
is fragmentaryand only comes from my old friend Grimm.
He was a very able detective in the German serviceand he tried
to arrest me; I arrested him insteadand we had many interesting chats.
He was in charge here of the inquiry about Prince Ottobut I forgot
to ask him anything about the bullet. According to Grimm
what happened was this." He paused a moment to drain the greater part
of his dark lager at a draughtand then resumed:

On the evening in question, it seems, the Prince was expected
to appear in one of the outer rooms, because he had to receive
certain visitors whom he really wished to meet. They were geological
experts sent to investigate the old question of the alleged supply of gold
from the rocks round here, upon which (as it was said) the small city-state
had so long maintained its credit and been able to negotiate with
its neighbours even under the ceaseless bombardment of bigger armies.
Hitherto it had never been found by the most exacting inquiry
which could--

Which could be quite certain of discovering a toy pistol,
said Father Brown with a smile. "But what about the brother who ratted?
Hadn't he anything to tell the Prince?"

He always asseverated that he did not know,replied Flambeau;
that this was the one secret his brothers had not told him.
It is only right to say that it received some support from
fragmentary words--spoken by the great Ludwig in the hour of death,
when he looked at Heinrich but pointed at Paul, and said,
`You have not told him...' and was soon afterwards incapable of speech.
Anyhow, the deputation of distinguished geologists and mineralogists
from Paris and Berlin were there in the most magnificent and
appropriate dress, for there are no men who like wearing their decorations
so much as the men of science--as anybody knows who has ever been to
a soiree of the Royal Society. It was a brilliant gathering,
but very late, and gradually the Chamberlain--you saw his portrait, too:
a man with black eyebrows, serious eyes, and a meaningless sort of
smile underneath--the Chamberlain, I say, discovered there was
everything there except the Prince himself. He searched all the
outer salons; then, remembering the man's mad fits of fear,
hurried to the inmost chamber. That also was empty, but the steel turret
or cabin erected in the middle of it took some time to open.
When it did open it was empty, too. He went and looked into
the hole in the ground, which seemed deeper and somehow all the more
like a grave--that is his account, of course. And even as he did so
he heard a burst of cries and tumult in the long rooms
and corridors without.

First it was a distant din and thrill of something unthinkable
on the horizon of the crowdeven beyond the castle. Next it was


a wordless clamour startlingly closeand loud enough to be distinct
if each word had not killed the other. Next came words
of a terrible clearnesscoming nearerand next one man
rushing into the room and telling the news as briefly as such news is told.


Otto, Prince of Heiligwaldenstein and Grossenmark, was lying
in the dews of the darkening twilight in the woods beyond the castle,
with his arms flung out and his face flung up to the moon.
The blood still pulsed from his shattered temple and jaw,
but it was the only part of him that moved like a living thing.
He was clad in his full white and yellow uniform, as to receive his
guests within, except that the sash or scarf had been unbound and lay
rather crumpled by his side. Before he could be lifted he was dead.
But, dead or alive, he was a riddle--he who had always hidden in
the inmost chamber out there in the wet woods, unarmed and alone.

Who found his body?asked Father Brown.

Some girl attached to the Court named Hedwig von something or other,
replied his friendwho had been out in the wood picking wild flowers.

Had she picked any?asked the prieststaring rather vacantly
at the veil of the branches above him.

Yes,replied Flambeau. "I particularly remember that
the Chamberlainor old Grimm or somebodysaid how horrible it was
when they came up at her callto see a girl holding spring flowers
and bending over that--that bloody collapse. Howeverthe main point is
that before help arrived he was deadand the newsof course
had to be carried back to the castle. The consternation it created was
something beyond even that natural in a Court at the fall of a potentate.
The foreign visitorsespecially the mining expertswere in the wildest
doubt and excitementas well as many important Prussian officials
and it soon began to be clear that the scheme for finding the treasure
bulked much bigger in the business than people had supposed.
Experts and officials had been promised great prizes or
international advantagesand some even said that the Prince's
secret apartments and strong military protection were due less to fear
of the populace than to the pursuit of some private investigation of--"

Had the flowers got long stalks?asked Father Brown.

Flambeau stared at him. "What an odd person you are!" he said.
That's exactly what old Grimm said. He said the ugliest part of it,
he thought--uglier than the blood and bullet--was that the flowers
were quite short, plucked close under the head.

Of course,said the priestwhen a grown up girl is really
picking flowers, she picks them with plenty of stalk. If she just
pulled their heads off, as a child does, it looks as if--
And he hesitated.

Well?inquired the other.

Well, it looks rather as if she had snatched them nervously,
to make an excuse for being there after--well, after she was there.

I know what you're driving at,said Flambeau rather gloomily.
But that and every other suspicion breaks down on the one point-the
want of a weapon. He could have been killed, as you say,
with lots of other things--even with his own military sash;
but we have to explain not bow he was killed, but how he was shot.
And the fact is we can't. They had the girl most ruthlessly searched;
for, to tell the truth, she was a little suspect, though the niece


and ward of the wicked old Chamberlain, Paul Arnhold. But she was
very romantic, and was suspected of sympathy with the old revolutionary
enthusiasm in her family. All the same, however romantic you are,
you can't imagine a big bullet into a man's jaw or brain without using
a gun or pistol. And there was no pistol, though there were
two pistol shots. I leave it to you, my friend.

How do you know there were two shots?asked the little priest.

There was only one in his head,said his companion
but there was another bullet-hole in the sash.

Father Brown's smooth brow became suddenly constricted.
Was the other bullet found?he demanded.

Flambeau started a little. "I don't think I remember he said.

Hold on! Hold on! Hold on!" cried Brownfrowning more and more
with a quite unusual concentration of curiosity. "Don't think me rude.
Let me think this out for a moment."

All right,said Flambeaulaughingand finished his beer.
A slight breeze stirred the budding trees and blew up into the sky
cloudlets of white and pink that seemed to make the sky bluer and
the whole coloured scene more quaint. They might have been cherubs
flying home to the casements of a sort of celestial nursery.
The oldest tower of the castlethe Dragon Towerstood up as grotesque
as the ale-mugbut as homely. Only beyond the tower glimmered
the wood in which the man had lain dead.

What became of this Hedwig eventually?asked the priest at last.

She is married to General Schwartz,said Flambeau.
No doubt you've heard of his career, which was rather romantic.
He had distinguished himself even, before his exploits at Sadowa
and Gravelotte; in fact, he rose from the ranks, which is very unusual
even in the smallest of the German...

Father Brown sat up suddenly.

Rose from the ranks!he criedand made a mouth as if to whistle.
Well, well, what a queer story! What a queer way of killing a man;
but I suppose it was the only one possible. But to think of hate
so patient--

What do you mean?demanded the other. "In what way did they
kill the man?"

They killed him with the sash,said Brown carefully; and then
as Flambeau protested: "YesyesI know about the bullet.
Perhaps I ought to say he died of having a sash. I know it doesn't sound
like having a disease."

I suppose,said Flambeauthat you've got some notion
in your head, but it won't easily get the bullet out of his.
As I explained before, he might easily have been strangled.
But he was shot. By whom? By what?

He was shot by his own orders,said the priest.

You mean he committed suicide?

I didn't say by his own wish,replied Father Brown.
I said by his own orders.


Well, anyhow, what is your theory?

Father Brown laughed. "I am only on my holiday he said.
I haven't got any theories. Only this place reminds me of fairy stories
andif you likeI'll tell you a story."

The little pink cloudsthat looked rather like sweet-stuff
had floated up to crown the turrets of the gilt gingerbread castle
and the pink baby fingers of the budding trees seemed spreading and
stretching to reach them; the blue sky began to take a bright violet
of eveningwhen Father Brown suddenly spoke again:

It was on a dismal night, with rain still dropping from the trees
and dew already clustering, that Prince Otto of Grossenmark stepped
hurriedly out of a side door of the castle and walked swiftly
into the wood. One of the innumerable sentries saluted him,
but he did not notice it. He had no wish to be specially noticed himself.
He was glad when the great trees, grey and already greasy with rain,
swallowed him up like a swamp. He had deliberately chosen
the least frequented side of his palace, but even that was more frequented
than he liked. But there was no particular chance of officious
or diplomatic pursuit, for his exit had been a sudden impulse.
All the full-dressed diplomatists he left behind were unimportant.
He had realized suddenly that he could do without them.

His great passion was not the much nobler dread of death
but the strange desire of gold. For this legend of the gold he had
left Grossenmark and invaded Heiligwaldenstein. For this and only this
he had bought the traitor and butchered the herofor this he had
long questioned and cross-questioned the false Chamberlain
until he had come to the conclusion thattouching his ignorance
the renegade really told the truth. For this he hadsomewhat reluctantly
paid and promised money on the chance of gaining the larger amount;
and for this he had stolen out of his palace like a thief in the rain
for he had thought of another way to get the desire of his eyes
and to get it cheap.

Away at the upper end of a rambling mountain path to which
he was making his way, among the pillared rocks along the ridge
that hangs above the town, stood the hermitage, hardly more than
a cavern fenced with thorn, in which the third of the great brethren
had long hidden himself from the world. He, thought Prince Otto,
could have no real reason for refusing to give up the gold.
He had known its place for years, and made no effort to find it,
even before his new ascetic creed had cut him off from property
or pleasures. True, he had been an enemy, but he now professed
a duty of having no enemies. Some concession to his cause,
some appeal to his principles, would probably get the mere money secret
out of him. Otto was no coward, in spite of his network of military
precautions, and, in any case, his avarice was stronger than his fears.
Nor was there much cause for fear. Since he was certain there were
no private arms in the whole principality, he was a hundred times
more certain there were none in the Quaker's little hermitage on the hill,
where he lived on herbs, with two old rustic servants, and with
no other voice of man for year after year. Prince Otto looked down
with something of a grim smile at the bright, square labyrinths
of the lamp-lit city below him. For as far as the eye could see
there ran the rifles of his friends, and not one pinch of powder
for his enemies. Rifles ranked so close even to that mountain path
that a cry from him would bring the soldiers rushing up the hill,
to say nothing of the fact that the wood and ridge were patrolled
at regular intervals; rifles so far away, in the dim woods,
dwarfed by distance, beyond the river, that an enemy could not


slink into the town by any detour. And round the palace rifles
at the west door and the east door, at the north door and the south,
and all along the four facades linking them. He was safe.

It was all the more clear when he had crested the ridge
and found how naked was the nest of his old enemy. He found himself
on a small platform of rockbroken abruptly by the three corners
of precipice. Behind was the black cavemasked with green thorn
so low that it was hard to believe that a man could enter it.
In front was the fall of the cliffs and the vast but cloudy
vision of the valley. On the small rock platform stood
an old bronze lectern or reading-standgroaning under a great German Bible.
The bronze or copper of it had grown green with the eating airs
of that exalted placeand Otto had instantly the thought
Even if they had arms, they must be rusted by now.Moonrise had already
made a deathly dawn behind the crests and cragsand the rain had ceased.

Behind the lectern, and looking across the valley,
stood a very old man in a black robe that fell as straight as
the cliffs around him, but whose white hair and weak voice seemed alike
to waver in the wind. He was evidently reading some daily lesson
as part of his religious exercises. They trust in their horses..."

`Sir,' said the Prince of Heiligwaldenstein, with quite unusual
courtesy, `I should like only one word with you.'

`...and in their chariots' went on the old man weakly
`but we will trust in the name of the Lord of Hosts....'
His last words were inaudiblebut he closed the book reverently and
being nearly blindmade a groping movement and gripped the reading-stand.
Instantly his two servants slipped out of the low-browed cavern
and supported him. They wore dull-black gowns like his own
but they had not the frosty silver on the hairnor the frost-bitten
refinement of the features. They were peasantsCroat or Magyar
with broadblunt visages and blinking eyes. For the first time
something troubled the Princebut his courage and diplomatic sense
stood firm.

`I fear we have not met,' he said, `since that awful cannonade
in which your poor brother died.'

`All my brothers died' said the old manstill looking
across the valley. Thenfor one instant turning on Otto his drooping
delicate featuresand the wintry hair that seemed to drip
over his eyebrows like icicleshe added: `You seeI am deadtoo.'

`I hope you'll understand,' said the Prince, controlling himself
almost to a point of conciliation, `that I do not come here to haunt you,
as a mere ghost of those great quarrels. We will not talk about
who was right or wrong in that, but at least there was one point
on which we were never wrong, because you were always right.
Whatever is to be said of the policy of your family, no one for one moment
imagines that you were moved by the mere gold; you have proved yourself
above the suspicion that...'

The old man in the black gown had hitherto continued to gaze at him
with watery blue eyes and a sort of weak wisdom in his face.
But when the word `gold' was said he held out his hand as if
in arrest of somethingand turned away his face to the mountains.

`He has spoken of gold,' he said. `He has spoken of
things not lawful. Let him cease to speak.'

Otto had the vice of his Prussian type and tradition


which is to regard success not as an incident but as a quality.
He conceived himself and his like as perpetually conquering peoples
who were perpetually being conquered. Consequentlyhe was ill acquainted
with the emotion of surpriseand ill prepared for the next movement
which startled and stiffened him. He had opened his mouth
to answer the hermitwhen the mouth was stopped and the voice
strangled by a strongsoft gag suddenly twisted round his head
like a tourniquet. It was fully forty seconds before he even realized
that the two Hungarian servants had done itand that they had done it
with his own military scarf.

The old man went again weakly to his great brazen-supported Bible,
turned over the leaves, with a patience that had something horrible
about it, till he came to the Epistle of St James, and then began to read:
`The tongue is a little member, but--'

Something in the very voice made the Prince turn suddenly
and plunge down the mountain-path he had climbed. He was half-way towards
the gardens of the palace before he even tried to tear the strangling scarf
from his neck and jaws. He tried again and againand it was impossible;
the men who had knotted that gag knew the difference between
what a man can do with his hands in front of him and what he can do
with his hands behind his head. His legs were free to leap like
an antelope on the mountainshis arms were free to use any gesture
or wave any signalbut he could not speak. A dumb devil was in him.

He had come close to the woods that walled in the castle
before he had quite realized what his wordless state meant
and was meant to mean. Once more he looked down grimly at the bright,
square labyrinths of the lamp-lit city below him, and he smiled no more.
He felt himself repeating the phrases of his former mood with
a murderous irony. Far as the eye could see ran the rifles
of his friends, every one of whom would shoot him dead
if he could not answer the challenge. Rifles were so near that
the wood and ridge could be patrolled at regular intervals;
therefore it was useless to hide in the wood till morning.
Rifles were ranked so far away that an enemy could not slink
into the town by any detour; therefore it was vain to return to the city
by any remote course. A cry from him would bring his soldiers
rushing up the hill. But from him no cry would come.

The moon had risen in strengthening silverand the sky showed
in stripes of brightnocturnal blue between the black stripes
of the pines about the castle. Flowers of some wide and feathery sort-for
he had never noticed such things before--were at once luminous
and discoloured by the moonshineand seemed indescribably fantastic
as they clusteredas if crawling about the roots of the trees.
Perhaps his reason had been suddenly unseated by the unnatural captivity
he carried with himbut in that wood he felt something
unfathomably German--the fairy tale. He knew with half his mind
that he was drawing near to the castle of an ogre--he had forgotten
that he was the ogre. He remembered asking his mother if bears lived
in the old park at home. He stooped to pick a floweras if it were
a charm against enchantment. The stalk was stronger than he expected
and broke with a slight snap. Carefully trying to place it in his scarf
he heard the halloo`Who goes there?' Then he remembered the scarf
was not in its usual place.

He tried to scream and was silent. The second challenge came;
and then a shot that shrieked as it came and then was stilled suddenly
by impact. Otto of Grossenmark lay very peacefully among the fairy
trees, and would do no more harm either with gold or steel; only the
silver pencil of the moon would pick out and trace here and there the
intricate ornament of his uniform, or the old wrinkles on his brow.


May God have mercy on his soul.

The sentry who had firedaccording to the strict orders
of the garrisonnaturally ran forward to find some trace of his quarry.
He was a private named Schwartzsince not unknown in his profession
and what he found was a bald man in uniformbut with his face
so bandaged by a kind of mask made of his own military scarf
that nothing but opendead eyes could be seenglittering stonily
in the moonlight. The bullet had gone through the gag into the jaw;
that is why there was a shot-hole in the scarfbut only one shot.
Naturallyif not correctlyyoung Schwartz tore off the mysterious
silken mask and cast it on the grass; and then he saw whom he had slain.

We cannot be certain of the next phase. But I incline to believe
that there was a fairy tale, after all, in that little wood,
horrible as was its occasion. Whether the young lady named Hedwig
had any previous knowledge of the soldier she saved and eventually married,
or whether she came accidentally upon the accident and their intimacy
began that night, we shall probably never know. But we can know,
I fancy, that this Hedwig was a heroine, and deserved to marry a man
who became something of a hero. She did the bold and the wise thing.
She persuaded the sentry to go back to his post, in which place
there was nothing to connect him with the disaster; he was but one of
the most loyal and orderly of fifty such sentries within call.
She remained by the body and gave the alarm; and there was nothing
to connect her with the disaster either, since she had not got,
and could not have, any firearms.

Well said Father Brown rising cheerfully I hope they're happy."

Where are you going?asked his friend.

I'm going to have another look at that portrait of the Chamberlain,
the Arnhold who betrayed his brethren,answered the priest.
I wonder what part--I wonder if a man is less a traitor when he is
twice a traitor?

And he ruminated long before the portrait of a white-haired man
with black eyebrows and a pinkpainted sort of smile that seemed
to contradict the black warning in his eyes.